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Mother and Daughteer in Two Bummers Cover Southwest, Atlantic Seaboard, Canada and Mississippi Valley. With a total of 17000 mile» in two Mummer tours Mrs. M. M. Yarborough and her daughter, Mrs. L. Y. Cunning ham, both of Dallas, are now planning another long one for next summer. They travel' alone, depending un men only for Inspections at the various towns through which they pass. Their theory is that all one needs is confi dence In one's self and in one's car. Never has their Cadillac done anything to forfeit that confidence. The tour of 1918 covered thoroughly the southern and eastern states. Many a man would hesitate before undertak ing a 12.000-mile tour, but that Is the total for their first tour. They started at Dhlla* and crossed the southern states to Florida. Then up the coast to New York, west over the White mountains, across Canada to the Great flakes and then south along the lakes and down by the way of the Mississippi to Dallas. Oneset of tires suffices and they say they averaged 14 miles per gallon of gasoline. Most anyone would point with pride to such a record. The 1919 tour was not so prêt en tions. They crossed the southwest to Dos Angeles and return. The trip cov ered 5000 miles. The car used on both these tours gave over 100,000 miles. Both women are strong advocates of closed cars for touring. There are so many conve niences. Bad weather does not cause any delay or discomfort and when ac commodations are not obtainable at the hotels they sleep In the car. During last summer's trip they en joyed an opportunity to even a score with a man driving another make of car. who raced them with much show. An hour qj* so later they overtook him standing beside his car and wondering what should he done to make It run. They towed him 40 miles to the near est town. DISTINCTION IN MOTOR SERVICE Miss Florence Kober of Philadelphia has lately' returned home from over seas in the horizon blue uniform of a lieutenant of the French army. She plso wears two decorations the order of the connaissance ami the medal of honor. Miss Kober was chief of the motor service of the women's overseas hospital. 4*» --- TO REPAIR SCRATCHES While a deep gouge in ihe car's body-work will usually call for atten tion of the coachhuilder. still the really •killfill owner may be able by running Into the scratch beeswax and roson melted together and then smoothing off the surface and repainting to accom plish a satisfactory repair. Republic Tires With SxA^Rq Studß T HE oval, rounded Staggard Studs of Republic Tires roll with, not against, the road. They always head in the direction of travel. Three of the five studs are always full length on the road. That means the most momentum with the least use of power. No device of cross bar or circle or angle gives the same maximum non-skid with the mini mum friction. It is easy to see why Republic Tires give greater non-skid effectiveness. Just as it is easy to see why the Prodium Process of toughening rubber makes tires last longer. It is easy to prove by the experience of thou sands of Republic owners why Republic Tires are a real economy for you, IDAHO TIRE & RUBBER CO. Distributors. Ninth and Bannock I. A. HOWARD, Mgr. IN "EAGLES" NEST ;Home of Ford Sub Chasers Is I Now Body-building Plant— Eagles Go to Join Navy in Waters of Seven Seas. | H. H. Bryant & Son, local Ford dealers, have received from Detroit the story of the launching of "Eagle" boat No. 60 at the River Rouge yard, Au gust 16. This was the last of the Ford submarine chasers to be built under the wartime contract with the navy department, and the assembling building at the shipyard has been transformed into a plant for building Ford car bodies. The building is a third of a mile in length and housed 21 sub chasers at a time. Its proposed output of car bodies is 500 a day. SIXTY BLASTS BLOWN ) Ford officials, workers, sailors and many invited guests witnessed the I launching. Number fcdxty was dressed I with flags and bunting and as it found I its level in the Rouge and floated free from the railroad tracks which had (carried it onto the elevator-like (launching table the factory whistle took part in the ceremony by blowing 60 blasts- one for each boat launched I at the Ford yard. Twenty-five "Eagles" have already been commissioned by the navy and it is expected that the remaining boats I will be entirely completed by Novem ber 1. One tiling which greatly pro longed the work was the changes made in the outfitting of the boats shortly after the armistice was signed. As rapidly ns the "Eagles' 'are com missioned they are joining different I squadrons of the U. S. fleet. Six of the Ford boats are going to the Phil ippines to replace six old destroyers 'and gunboats; another squadron will join the international patrol off the jcoast of China; "Eagles 1. 2 and 3 are now doing patrol duty adjacent to Archangel, Russia, and it is quite proh • able that a small fleet will be sent to ; Italy. EAGLES GAST ON GET-AWAY The "Eagles" were designed partic ularly to carry the submarine detect jing devices or listeners, depth bomb 'protectors and 3-inch guns with which to combat the F -boat once it had been located by the listener. They are : practically noiseless in operation, light, speedy and so constructed that a quick get-away is possible—it being neces sary to often stop to listen while i has ting down a detected sub. Had the sub marine destroyers been called into ac jtual service—which only the signing of (the armistice prevented—they would have operated in flotillas of three. I Commander Nicholas, stationed at • the Rouge yard, said ho knew' of no statement or report issued by the navy '.department relative to the merits of the "Eagles." but that they have per formed remarkably well on their trial I trips and all tests and that had they (been called into actual service they I would have proven a very formidable i enemy to submarines. GOVERNMENT CULLS UPON ENGINEERING TALENT OF AUTOMOTIVE INDUSTRY FOR AID» ciety Of Engineers Will Meet Committee Appointed by So I Experts of Army. — - ! The combined engineering talent of the automotive industries of the I'ni-jpuny, jted States wilt ,n the future co-oper ate with the government in the devel-jp 'opinent of new and improved engines of warfare. A committee of autorao- I live engineers has been appointed tojof slt with the technical statt ot the ord-j Inance department in discussions con-|of • cerning the design of all motor equip- j j ment material, particularly tanks, trac-j ; tors and caterpillar gun mounts of | 1 every description. | I The new alignment of ; military experts is the forehandedness and breadth i of Gen. C. C. Williams ! ordnance department i Initiative in the matter by requesting I the Society of Automotive Engineers! I to appoint a board representing its va ; Hous spheres of activity for active | ork with the war department VALUABLE COMBINATION Before the war there was no organ ized co-operation between military and civilian experts, with a loss to the government of much valuable techni cal knowledge and experience. In der the new system the efforts ordnance department will inco of the ; porate CLIFF DURANT TO OPERATE AIRPLANE PASSENGER LINE BETWEEN CHIEF PACIFIC COAST CITIES Famous Auto Racing Driver and Associates Announce That Active Operation of Aerial Service Will Begin November 1 —Sale of Airplanes to Be Even a Larger Part of Com pany's Business. Within the memory of men now liv ing the only means of transportation between points on the Pacific coast— land there was very little traffic—was by sea or by oxen. Today great rail way systems and permanent highways (for motor car travel stretch from north to south. Tomorrow we shall fly from city to cit > And Unit is vague phrophecy. dat Ithe fruit of the combined labors of thejslble entire American automotive Industry, 'and when the state of development of I ,this Jndustry 1» considered, as com -1 pared with that ln other countries, | safety of the United States ln this fact The first meeting- of the newly or ganized board of civilian engineers was recently held at Washington, D. <\ The following were present: H. \v. Alden, Timken-Detroit Axle com I'ni-jpuny, chairman: W. G. Wall, National «Ä an y; Dent Parrett, Tractor company; C. F. Kettering, Delco company; George M. Dunham, former president the Society of Automotive Kngi Beers; Charles M. Manley, president' the Society of Automative Engi neers, and Coker E. Clarkson, manager of the Society of Automative Engi neers. | TRANSMIT LATEST IDEAS It is planned to hold meetings of the combined board every two months | to go over new designs of the ordnance department and to submit suggestions for correction and improvement. The frequency of the meetings will insure the quick and constant transmission of the latest civilian engineering Ideas to the government, and result in the development of war material that will ; be the last word both in basic design and detailed construction. ing into the next generation either, Just about a week ago a company was incorporated in California to make passenger service by airplane a reality. It is the Durant Airplane Corporation headed by E. C. Durant, better known as Cliff, Pacific Coast road racing champion and one of the most famous racing pilots In the world. Furthermore, announcement is made that operations of the new concern will begin by November 1. A suffi cient number of plane3 will have been obtained on that date by Durant and his associates to engage ln inter-city passenger hauls. By ovemher 1 a per- j manent rate scedule governing cost of travel will he made public and before ; January 1 Durant announces that some of the best known and largest air craft will either be on the Coast or enroute 1 West to take care of the travel which j will have developed. i WILL SELL PLANES ALSO j The transportation of passengers j will he Just, one branch of the new i business concern whose headquarters | are to be in Oakland. The sale and service of airplanes will reach a great er volume than the first named venture Durant is now in communication with the largest airplane producers in the United States and Europe and the the United State» and Europe and an announcement is expected from him i at an early date revealing further plans he has in mind, the magnitude of which Is beyond the conception of 1 any of the many aircraft organizations I now operating throughout this country'. I Three additional hangars are being constructed on Durant aviation field In Oakland and these will be augment - , ed by three more sheds within the next two weeks. | Contracts have been let to turf the entire seventy-two acres of Durant field. When grass has been grown it the grounds will be unsurpassed l any flying field in the world. It comes within the Class "A" specifica tions of the Aero Club of America, htch state that this type of field must be at least 1800 feet square and so laid out to permit of landing upon it in any . direction. Such runways as are neces sary to land any kind of ship now i known to the aircraft industry will be built. The markings on the field will be of white slat construction on the ground surface, and will be equipped with signal lights of different colors to comply with flying regulations. OBTAIN LANDING FIELDS uniform and distinctive blue and white color scheme has been adopted by Mr. Durant. All of the Bhlps in the company's service will bear this combination. The hangars will be painted blue, the roofs white and offi ial number assigned to the field will be painted on each roof. Temporary landing fields have al ready been obtained at Modesto, Mer ced, Fresno. Bakersfield. Do» Angeles, Riverside. San Diego and others will be secured at Sacramento and Stock ton. Three aviators will make up the first flying stafT to be employed. Qual ifications for appointment are very exacting and they require that appli cants for position aa aerial chauffeurs must have been first-class army avia tors and al»o aviation instructor*. Mr. Durant haa picked aa his asso ciates in his new venture a group of able executives. The vice president, of the corporation Is Frank Dowry, prominent in Pacific coast automobile racing circles for a number of years, j Lowry has officiated as started in many of the most important speed classics held in the west during the last ten years. Wickham Havens, secretary, Is one of the largest realty operators on the Pacific coast. He has been the mov ing spirit on opening probably more subdivisions than any other individual around the San Francisco bay district. TO USE WIRELESS PHONES W. Aubert has been selected by Mr. Durant as general manager of the newly formed airplane organization. Aubert s aerial experience dates back more than nine years. To those who haven't forgotten the initial attempt , w e*lman to uroaa the Atlxn °? e ?I n 1910 ln a dlrtglbl» It mxy or«w*»w i hal Aubert **■ on« °f the orew whtch manned thin Ill-rated ship, -i.v." . .? n oontlnuoualy Identified ,' v a un In various capacities VP' und mor « reoently «aw w" J 11 Americarr flying corps. -.Vh n! PO r ndon ^ e '* be,n » exchanged with Dr. Lee De Korest, Inventor of wireless telephones, to learn from him now soon wireless telephone equlp ments can be obtained for equipping ^ Airships to be operated by ihe Durant corporation. With the De hörest system inslalled It will be pos thejslble for business men to carry on di rect conversation with thel. respective business offices while en route from one pul n t to another. This particular feature, which sounds more like Is an secomplishment possible without difficulty with the wireless system in use. HASKELL ASSISTANT SALES MANAGER FOR GRANT CORPORATION J. A. Haskell, formerly of Chicago __ . , , ° "" d . -, S i n< }w f0r ® om ? tlme j post connected with the sales depart ment of the Gram Motor <ar corpo ' Im-eland, has been made \? n f* a 9ft es manager by'the , - . ■ I ager for the same organization in Des Moines. An entirely new Grant Six is offered for 1920. There is an entirely new' hood and the car has long low lines, longer wheelbase, a wider power range, greuter flexibility and more artistic appearance. In his new connection Mr. Haskell will devote his energies to detail and field work in the powerful sales and service organization established by Mr. Waite. The new Grant Six is ln the hands of dealers In all parts of the country. MME. MELBA ORDERS HER SECOND AUTO IN AMERICA—A FRANKLIN Boston. Mass. Oct. 4.— Mme. Nellie Melba. probably the most widely known prima donna now alive, has Just purchased her second Franklin car, placing the order with the EYank lin dealers here. The car Is a tour ing model and is to have a fine white pencil stripe around the body about three inches from the top and ex tended around the cowl and back. The star's initials will be placed ln white j script on the two rear doors. The car will be shipped direct from J the same car rather than purchase any of the English makes. Peat Is the chief Ingredient ln a waterproof brown paper that has been Invented in England. _ Franklin factory at Syracuse to Lon don, England, w'here Mme. Melba now makes her home. Mme. Melba's first car was a Frank lin Sedan, purchased when she was on tour in Australia in 1916. Tt was shlp - - ped from San Francisco and has seen a great deal of service. Mme. Melba J so pleased with it, in fact, that she sent to this oountry for a model of j _ 5S5 SSS JS SSS S£S SS = SS —— S55 SSS SS SSS —* 5S5 JS SS 25 SSS ZSZ SS g; SSS sa SSS ggS -C SEE SS 5£ S55 — 1 S5S SIS SS SS — SSS — _ ag ^ piiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiu When you invest— in motor trucks there are two points that are para mount: Service from the truck and service from the manu facturer. Internationals excel in b UUl. International Motor Trucks are used extensively by such prominent concerns as Morris & Go., Bethlehem Steel Co., Armour & Go , Standard Oil Go., National Tube Go., Western Electric Go., Bell Telephone Go., and National Refining Go. . These firms invest in hauling equipment on the basis of service —service from the truck and service from the manufacturer. You expect service from your truck—and you get it in the International ' Motor Trucks They come in all sizes for all purposes— and now is the time for ranchers and orchardists to buy. ^ ou'll need them this fall to handle your crops. Gome in and let us put you truck-wise. 1 NOBLE MOTOR CAR CO. s S 10th and Grove SU. Boise, Idaho Phonal Distributors Intarnatlonal Sotor Truoka I GASOLINE NOT WHAT IT USED TO BE; PIONEER MOTOR MAKERS NEVER KNEW WHAT CARBURETION PROBLEMS WERE Real Difficulties Developed Only After Fifteen Years of Auto mobile Manufacture—Early Day Gasoline a Highly Volatile Fuel Compared to Low Grade Article How Available—How Carbon Deposits Are Formed. iocuc titan ii. uucis baouimr in«» 111 tr ut" signers of the first automobiles knew The gasoline of 20 years ago was an extremely high-grade, volatile fluid , hat m)xed wtth alr so readily that early designers really never knew It ia perhaps a fortunate tiling; for | the automobile industry that ln its ; beginning the early builders had for a : fuel gasoline of a far different grade than that which we use today. Though I we still call our motor fuel "gasolin It actually much more resembles kero sene than it. does gasoline that tlie de nun» omi null* n ii ini' ! jr i m v Mhn i S uch as were used in kerosene lampv. Drawn up by the wicks the gasoline ■ evaporated and mixed with the air was drawn directly into the cylinders ] IJirough a long tube. It may he imug-|ting Ined that the designers of those days i had their hands full with such prob- I lems as Ignition and lubrication, and it is probably .lust as well that the 1 problem of carburetlon did not give trouble until later years, when the | other questions had been satisfactorily i 8olved HUGE FUEL CONSUMPTION How the problem did develop, and j how it has been met. through the years of declining quality of fuel and in creasing quantities of consumption is described in an article prepared by en gineers of the Hup Motor company re ceived by Coffin & Beglan, distributers of the Hupmobile. By the time 15 years of motoring had elapsed the carburetlon problem had begun to be very serious indeed. The consumption of motor fuel had reached •uch enormous figures that despite the utmost efforts of the oil industry it was impossible to produce anything like an adequate supply of gasoline that approached the oil standards. Be tween 1910 and 1917 the production of automobiles increased eight-fold, while the production of oil increased only three-fold. There was no other way to supply the demand of the motor users than to give them a lower grade of fuel to make them utilize a greater percent age of the crude oil product. The early-day gasoline was one of the very first products of the process of distillation, one of the lightest oils that rose at the lowest temperature in' the still. It became necessary to use more and more of the heavier fuels! that were less volatile and required a higher temperature to make them evaporate in the still. The result Is that, the "gasoline" of today ts now hardly distinguishable from a very light kerosene. ___________ It soon became evident to users and to engineers alike that the heat ier fuels were not giving the same de gree of satisfaction that the lighte r fuels did. In the course of their In — \estibations to find out what was the lrouble the engineers of the Hup Mo tor company actually put In glass win dows into the side of the carburetors and manifolds of their experimental cars to see what was causing th« trou ble. This is what they found. Into the stream of air drawn In by the suction of the pist.or the carbure me an suetLiri mu'.»"' iwu (also fall. Drop adds to di op. litlla puddle of raw gasoline collects anil Is and'drawn into the cylinder. Il runs down the cylinder wall, past the piston cut the essential film of lubricating oil from the crank-case, diluting the lubricating oil and ruins its lubricat Ing properties. Carbon deposits foim. Ail suris of motor, troubles develop, .Betting's wear and "knocks" of all kin dreil symptoms of motor • grief np pear. BIRTH OF VAPORIZATION I. .. And lha , is how , hc vaporizer came into existence." 'said Mr. Coffin. "To guard against these troubles the Hup engineers made an important «hange in the design of the motor. They described this change as a va porizer. So successful has it proved that the term has virtually pissed into the general vocabulary of motordom, and this improvement has been widely imitated by other makers. "The vaporizer is just what the name implies; a small portion of the intake manifold that is heated to an extremely high temperature by burnt gares from the exhaust. In case any raw gasoline does collect in the Hupmobile intake manifold it trickles along until it en counters the vaporizer. The intense heat instantly vaporizes it and it is drawn into the cylinder and exploded with the rest of the gas. "It may not be many years, how ever, until automobile engineers may be forced to develop a motor that will be able to use crude oil direct, or that can be successfully operated on alco Tt is more probable, however, that | »i" wî» ^uccewVu^'ly ~fïnd „ _____ cheaDlv distill motor fuel from our F deposit!I 0 f ol \ „hale that . _ __yet constitutes an absolutely un touched source of American fuel sup There are 782 varieties of Arctic flowers which have only two colors, 1 white and yellow.