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EDITION l A' f a. BOISE ILL JJJJ J t JL JJJ J J J JJJ JL 1W« IDAHO ONE YE AFTER THE WAR 'Lira BOISE, IDAHO, SUNDAY, JANUARY 4,1920 IDAHO'S NEW CABINET FORM OF GOVERNMENT IN RETROSPECT Review of Commission Plan of Administering State Affails Given by Governor Davis Who Becomes Chairman of Cabinet Composed of Nine Members Standing as Official Heads of as Many Consolidated Departments—Have Difficulty With Restricted Appropriations—Praises Record. By GOVERNOR D. VV. DAVIS, While the high cost of living has been hitting the Idaho citi zen individually, il has also been hitting him collectively through the vurious state agon cies that must, spend his money for supplies. In view of this COMMISSIONER OF PUBLIC WORKS , , i, . I"» M." lU be able to tell him that his lux dollar lias gone much further and more than the dollar lie bus spent for Ids "'**■ WILLIAM J. HAL condition, it is some aatisfuc , , , _purchased much COMMISSIONER OF AGRICULTURE MILES CANNON ments. Few people-realized hat ■ ■ e ' ew people. I'Lu,....v. ...uv the state's demands upon the world's markets are just as multitudinous as the demands of the average individual citi zen. The state uses everything, - - from safety pins to coffins, that _ __-^ COMMISSIONER OF INVESTMENTS mm man needs from the cradle to die grave. r lI he difference be tween the individual as a buyer u, "l the state as a representa I t. lv e buyer for he individual lies in'the fact that, the repre | sedatives of people as legis | lat°rs «et a limit upon liow much the state may spend, but the taxpayer limits himself only by his ability to pay ; and unfortunately, the limit set at the 'beginning of 1910 by the legislature did not vision the ; great increase in the cost of supplies that iias taken place. Political Responsibility. Slate officials, during the! past year, have had untold 1 trials and tribulations in trying to make 19ls appropriations! fit iiie extraordinary economicj Jconditions and emergencies of! 1919. and their task lias beenj made unpleasant by the fact! that while the individual tax-J payer holds them morally re-j sponsible, an obligation lliey have assumed with pride, their political enemies are holding them politically responsible. [Moral responsibility engenders >in the conscientious holder of state office, the desire, to give. service and the courage to 'spend a few extra dollars, if a lillie more money will obtain a ptTi ,. ient /ervice in ad-i * ministration. Political respon sibility foP(;es him into a ^ 0 . ( c ______ of re Irene liment of ex penditures. Retween the mill stones of political responsibil ity and moral responsibility he i is eternally ground. Considering all factors, it is remarkable to note that the present administration lias come through without issuing a single deficiency. It has paid ils bills as il Inis gone. It is undertaking the greatest con struction program ever under-i taken by any Idaho administra tion. In putting through its program, the state has had the same conditions to contend with that the individual has had in his personal affairs. Prices of materials that must be used in building have risen out of proportion to the money j available in some instances, ; and readjustments in plans and specifications have* been nec- ! essary. These readjustments' have been mude public in I newspaper interviews in every ; instance. Nothing has been : concealed. Instead the policy . . . , , s . j en 1° keep the public a ^ v *?.^. us to «very move and condition and to invite its co , ... , „ operation m (he solution of the problems that confront the m IIIIIIIS ru inn in nil Hal »diniiiistration in all its activities. Justifiable Increase It is easy for the individual I to understand why living ex penses have increased. The! 1 prices of everything he uses—! ,his shoes, food, clothing—have greatly advanced. He has been t : able to meet this increased cost ! ;in a measure by a correspond ing increase in wages or in come. What he does not seem to' understand is that the state is i subject to the same increased Jcost without a corresponding increase in appropriation. The; individual does not censure! himself for paying more. He does not consider that this in creased living cost is due to extravagance nor to his lack of business ability. He brushes it all away by pointing to the advance in price«. Too often be fails to exeroise a corres ponding leniency with th• THE MAN WHO MADE THE GOVERNOR'S CABINET POSSIBLE AND IS ITS CHAIRMAN AND DIRECTING HEAD GOVEBNOB D. W. DAVIS state. He is too prone to decry, high taxes, or to unthinkingly: listen to some one who is de --------- .v „V, — r ..~ ...... ^ crying them, without to consider whether or not they are reasonably avoidable * justified. COMMISSIONER OF PUBLIC WELFARE J. K. 28 Per Cent Increase Critics should not lose sight of this fact. While the normal IV.. .m, .»v., tv une v UC ..... mm of the individual have [almost doubled, the normal oriexpenses of the state have in I__ - _____i >___.1..... ________1 VI HIC u ICI Iv IKlt U III creased less, than 25 per cent, COMMISSIONER OF RECLAMATION Based upon the purchasing ower of the dollar, appropria fions to meet the cost of state government are less than they have ever been before. Based upon the earning power of the '____ ________ _ _________• . UIMJII I 11U vul lllllfh llU Vv \ 1 III lllu wage earner or the margin of COMMISSIONER OF IMMIGRATION O. B. profit of the business institu tion dealing in the necessities of life, taxes are lower than they have been for a genera tion. This is generally true of counties and cities as well as of the state. Few individuals and tew business institutions! have been able to confine the increase in their ( expenses to so small a percentage as has the state. Critics may say that state taxes have increased threefold, and by inference leave the im pression that this is due to a great increase in ordinary op erating expenses. Some of this increase is due to the rise in price of labor and supplies, but most of the increase is due to improvements. These im provements should be consid ered as new property being ac quired, which, in fact, is true. They are property and perma nent assets to the state. Re construction of the Soldiers' Home, the Lewiston Normal, and other items chargeable to improvements amounting to al most a million dollars, and the highway construction which is being financed by a direct levy, account for a good share of the entire state tax levies. Public Approve« These large expenditures were not undertaken against tlie opposition of the public. Rather, the construction pro gram came as the result of a popular demand. The good roads program has been en dorsed by the public at every opportunity. Highway districts 1 have already voted more than $12,600,000 lo match the $3, 760,000 of government and $2,000,000 state funds. The vote in favor of these bonds has ranged from 83 per cent to 98 per cent of the vote cast, and not in a single instance liuve the voters rejected a highway bond issue where the state and government were co operating. So greatly have the highway districts overmatched available government funds that congress has been asked to set aside $9,000,000 for highway construction in Idaho. Development Needed We might have done with out these improvements, but nobody wanted to. From the president and his cabinet and : the congress of the United j Sta . tes ' fro,n . l,ie big banking ?? .,_® 0 ™._™ ercia J_ or 8amzations of . na } ,au: fn ? ,a the c 0 J n_ | > aierc ' al • 1108 a,ul , ' a P'[ ese,lt " - 1 tlx *; H ls, ness m ® n *" e state a , ., ron ?- prominen t members Of all DOlltlCH IMU'tlfS CAIMC fin ft I» 1 • « • I . ■ denmndVor^theTdop" lion of a big development pro gram. The impelling reason for the costly improvements was to make provision for the 4,000, 000 men who were soon to re turn from the seryice of their country to enter the ranks of industry. Labor would have suffered great hardships and industry would have been par alyzed had t.000,000 men been turned loose upon the country without employment to absorb them having been provided in advance. Both patriotism and the industrial welfare of the country demanded a great de velopment program, and all Hasses of the people of Ihc slate united* to secure such a program with a full knowledge it would result in a great in crease of state taxes Court« Oom The records or the varioqs state officers and departments' iparlson. jf the va need n'o special commendation. Their achievements have been made public from time to time. Compare what has been ac complished by the department of investments and the state land department with their predecessors; compare the de COMMISSIONER OF COMMERCE /ATi part nient of reclamation or department ,of agriculture: or an ÿ department, with its prfed ef!es f or ' noting the achieve a îf n * s of each and the expe.n ditures of each, and no one will COMMISSIONER OF FINANCE i )e found to make oomplaint. Where increases in oost are : ■■■■. O. B. WALKEB noted, there will be found in creases in service and effic iency. When the reduced pur chasing power of the dollar is !-—-- (Continued on Pa«» Two) COMMISSIONER OF LAW ENFORCEMENT BOBBBÏ O.