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MUHE OF SUDS
Although Second in Sine and Smalleet in Population That 8econd Makes Progressive Strides Last Year. BANK DEPOSITS GROW Quarter of Million Dollars In vested in Highways—Mining Properties Active — Live stock Industry Thrives. By L. E. DILLINGHAM. Maekay, Jan. 3.—Custer county, sec ond in sise. and perhaps least in pop ulation of all counties in thl? state of Idaho. 1ms kept pace with the progress and development that has been accom plished throughout Idaho during the past year. With a population of scarce ly more than 8500. its citizens have in vested in government securities around 12.000,000. and the deposits in the two banks of the county will total another million or more. Custer county is one of the isolated sections of the state of Idaho, there only being about 16 miles of railroad within the confines of its borde yet it 1ms vast resources in tin Ing, the development of which i in g to the financial advancon its citizens. ! and ' innk tend- i m of I BIG ROAD DEVELOPMENT j On account of the luck o. trnnspor tation facilities, the appropriations of the federal government and the state government for good road improve-i ments In connection with county bond Issues has strong v appealed *° the cltizens. and elections held some two years ago have resulted in the expen diture or almost a quarter of a million of dollars for highway improvement-, within the border lines of this «mm j Vi, hin the past 18 months, and thc contracts covering the expenditure of. this money have been almost ...... plated. Before this money was ap propriated and-spent. Custer comité and Central Idaho country was noted for its good roads. The formation o' the soil being such that extraordinary road facilities were at hand. The multi drawback in tile old days was the grades over mountain through draws and canyons. With tlie nirouKH .a,..,«,..-. ■ expenditure oi the money under fed eral and state supervision, the roads of the county have been established on, the grade with long sweeping curves and of excellent material, and even in the early stages of their completion in the past summer, mines in the Salmon river country some 60 to luO miles dis tant from the railroads have been in eouraged to operate by the employment of motor trucks over the partially com pleted highway«. The most noticeable O ur Reputation for honestly made sales and efficient work is our best guarantee. Square dealing has given us our big business. Once with us, always with us. Ford Cars We have the agency for the Ford car in this* territory. The Ford talks for itself. When you buy, let us sell you. A complete line of Accessories is always kept in stock by us. We are in position to give you the best of Battery Service, and Exide Batteries and Accessories are one of our specialties. Goodrich and Goodyear Tires The well known Goodrich and Goodyear Tires and Tubes are always in stock here. ACETYLENE WELDING We also wish to announce that we have one of the best machines that money can buy. The efficiency of our men tell the story of our increasing business. Our men know how to do the work and do it thoroughly. We can rebuild all cars from the ground. We have electrical experts for all machines. REMEMBER THE PLACE — THE BEST GARAGE IN MERIDIAN THe Matlock Garage Located on the State Highway — Meridian, Idaho. impie of the progress has boon liade the Ramshorn Minin« Co., operated _ Bey horse, a lead «Ihrer camp closed down in the eighties on account of the oast of transportation and the lack of efficiency in the old freight outfit Hejre. Sot only are the miners and the min ing campa of the Custer county mo tion greatly benefitted by the improved method, of transportation over the newly constructed highways, but busi ness interests In general are advanced. The stockman, the fanner and mer chant are likewise benefitted, and In addition to this, the great scenic at tractions of the Lost river section, the Salmon river valley and the Stanley basin country, with their numerable trout streams, vast big game areas, beautiful lakes and wonderful scenery are made accessable to the tourists who came In large numbers during the past summer and contributed to the ptùspci tty of a vast region rich In re sources. COMBINATION OF RESOURCES. Custer county has a combination of resources that make for its general prosperity, with the mining of metals, including gold, silver-lead and copper; with the livestock industry well de veloped in a region that is peculiarly adapted to this pursuit, the county Is naturally in a. prosperous condition: these two industries being of the kinl that natures success when resources are stiffioitnt as they are in the cen tral Idaho district. Many other busi ness concerns prosper aa u result, and the country is gradually building up and new industries are developing with Influx of population. The next census of Custer county is expected to show a population of something like 4000 | people. When it is considered that , Custer count\ is the second largest county in the state in point of area and that its population is the least of any county in the state, and that its resources are perhaps as magnificent and at the same time perhaps the least developed of any section in Idaho, then ii will be readily understood that the wealth per capita of the vast central ! Idaho section is ns great If not greater ' than any county lit the Vnit CHALLIS COUNTY i Chains is the county se I countv and Jealously guards that dis junction navhorse. the revised min te Vnited States, 1TY SEAT. V seat of cater, population ul this time .. r-nnncr eltv of ■ u Maekay. the Copper city of : pose nee ii j Jng " 0 \,p le of hnndwd peo ° I \ llick ay. the terminus of the ; > • ' 1 5 , lf , he Oregon Short I J ^ the .„-incipul town of Ihe L - , has a population of about I o ' . - tlM . business Interests „ f Ihe countv center. The building ac I °* ' V M h '' ., urln „ thp i,l ' ll '°' . _ ,. tsoM w |th the devel- I meager ' „eemmu of 1W re "pini-iit n I . In ,.c. me'in of j much progress din ing I rmst year as any other point in iln- county, a few new homes having l, ( ,en erected and new business houses established, all of which were partly ,luo to the fact that the silver mining industry In the Salmon river section, which is noted for its value in the white metal has been renewed and 1 the county seal Is taking on new life ini 1 lurhups mad^as mi j Prominent citizens have secured man utilities commission, a writ , the pu ...... „onvenlence for thc - .tot j ^'^in-tty plant' which will he eie« rrici . J** . . lv i )V t i ie rC8 [_ much a PP^*' ' ' .. vi to dents of Chnllls hut all visitors to the ! county seat. MACKAV IMPROVEMENTS, Among the improvement« to come in 1 Maekay. during this ,year ^which are now well on th have' secured from essity and convenience for the The estab llahmmt of a nation*» hank with capital of $25,000. the chartsr for Which haa already boon granted. The build ing of an up-to-date, commodious ho tel and mnl very substantial build ing blocks. Ths city coui^of küpchay recently entered into a contract with thTSSk" U&t * Powm Co for the Installation of the latest type of curb street lighting system ** rl V spring, and this, together with the modern electrical advertising signs on Main street, will make Maekay s Main street the best lighted country town business thoroughfare in the state. For the first time In 30 years. Cue ter county experienced many hardships during the summer of 1919, on account of the extreme drought conditions, not only was the water supply Inadequate for the acreage, which resulted in much litigation between Carey Act protects and the users of old decreed water rights, but also a shortage of hay, and a very short range season and livestock were forced, at leaBt 10, 000 head of cattle and 50,000 head of sheep, to market sooner than they would otherwise have gone. While this Is a serious blow to the livestock Interests of this county, yet It may be a blessing In disguise as the ranges of the section have been greatly over taxed bv the advent of transient Sheep, and the section with the num ber of livestock thus diminished, may have an opportunity to recover Itself and come back to normal conditions by the time the men engaged in the live stock Industry find themselves in a position to get back to normal. ORGANIZING DISTRICT. A big movement is on foot In the | Lost river valley for an organization , of an irrigation district and this may he one of the accomplishments of that section of the county within the next you an vtneed. ___ _______ __________ . type of citizens of the county makes | It compare favorable with the most favored counties of the west. It is a | new country, a good country, a conn try that will respond generously to the, year. _ . ___ The resources of Custer county are gradually being developed and the high industry and application of man ln telllgently applied. If you »ally be-■ »eve I« is. come and Ve one of us If in doubt, come and be con ELMORE COUNTY AND (Continued from page seven.) ■ here makes an improvement In the cum : and thc ncw city lark pur ..... .........- -----. , „ . ,, I chased in the fall, has off Ployment to a t umher of peopl j are in town Just for -he «..uni pton . ty * I ___■ ------——- - K,,c are a lot who like it well enough to buy their homes Instead of renting. The hand that bus bc:n organized El past year so that new timers are not at an expense when they land. Most of them have gone ahead. encoUrages INFECTION. Dr. Eric 1'rite-haul suggests In Thc Practitioner (London) that ciitiug too much carhohyt date material makes persons susceptible to infectious dis ii 0 j eases. This is important to mothers of voung children, as It means that they should restrict the quantity of itarchy and offspring cat. Ligafv foods that their EXERCISE FOR ALL STUDENTS A moderate amount of exercise and physical training for all stud ants in all schools and colleges, instead inten sive training for a few athletes, as ad vocated by l>r. Kruson, of tiie depart ' mont of public health and charities. MSFMESHOWK FOR THE PUST YEIR Dairying Come* to Front After Starting in Small Way— Fanners' Cooperative Cream ery Developed. EXCELLENT FRUIT CROP Market One of Best and Pro duce Finds Beady Buyers—> Payette the Oonnty Seat Very Progressive City. Payette, Jan. 3.—The wave of pros perity which favored Payette and Pay ettes county In 1919 has been second to none in its entire history. Independ ent industries have flourished in an en viable manner and crops of all kinds have never brought returns more grat ifying. Markets have continued strong throughout the entire season and re turns to fruit growers for last year't crops have never been previously | equalled. A n attempt lias been made to accu | ra p,|y estimate the volume of fruit | business In the valley last season. Ap p r0 ximately 2500 cars of fruit have al I ready been shipped to eastern markets beBides som „ 5 00 cars of apples at pres , cold and. common storage throughout the valley. The handling of last season's business hovers around the $4,000,000 mark for the Payette val ley alone. The expense of preparing a car of fruit for the market has been estimated at $200, making the payroll the season $.i00,l>00, this covering I for the season luOO.OOO, this covering ^ harvestlnK expenditures. Labor ..„la __ __ _________ ... . . , , , , , paid for maintenance of orchards, cul- i tivation, irrigation, spraying, pruning, and the like would be additional. ! Some 292 rar« of "shook,'* parkins j 0 f paper and box nails were purchased j for growers at a cost of approximately , $420.000. Four evaporators have been in operation practically the entire sea son preparing dried apples for eastern I 1 of markets. They have consumed 40,000 tons of cull apples, netting the growers $400,000 for fruit for which there oth erwise could have been no market. While in operation thc payroll has been over $2200 weekly. The year 1919 has been without a peer in reference to crops and all that goes to bring prosperity with the han dicap of a 90 per cent failure in the prune crop and the apple crop lacking 10 per cent of being normal. Owing to the stupendous task of car ing for the fruit harvest building ac tivities have been at a standstill. How ever, although definite statements are not available from those who are plan ning the erection of buildings it may •>c said that several business bouses will be erected in the spring, the in rcased business of Payette necessi PUkTIF BLACKWELL LUMBER COMPANY ■ v. Mi Located Near the City of Coeur d'Alene tating larger facilities for growing en terprises. The Masons have com pleted plans for the erection of their Masonic temple and building will begin as soon as the weather will permit. The excellent new high school build ing Is still uncompleted because of weather not permitting further prog ress. The $21,000 drive for the Y. M. C. A. at Payette proved successful and it will not be long until it is reopened. All in all the year 1919 has been very gratifying and if Father Time with 1920 is as favorable it will be added proof that the Payette valley Is the finest plare for a home this side of the Rocky mountains. Seventeen farmers of Payette county |, „Anri" To'l 5 Completed the organisa- I P ' 1 21"* Farmers'CooneratWe I 'L^JTnd In June com Creamery company, and in June com menced operations in a small frame building, formerly used us a dentist of fice. The directors employed- J. R. Brown, who has been with the com The first month's output was slightly , less than 6000 pounds of butter, i . . ...... krom this very modest start thc ! Farmers Cooperative Creamery com j made steady progress to the j Present Lime, increasing its force of , employe« from one to 15, and shipping during the .successful mont.i of last y ftar 05,000 pounds of butter in addition I to sufficient ice cream to supply many 1 of the surrounding markets. The ice cream business has been carried on for the past four years with a, volume panv since thgt time as manager, and the first butter was churned In July, doubling each year over that of the j preceding At the present time there arc 200 stockholders in the company, every one of whom is a producing farmer, it be ing the bylaws of the cooperative com pany that no one except farmers may own stock in the concern. In addition to the 200 farmer stockholders, there are 800 patrons of the creamery, mak ing a total of 1000 farmers marketing tlieir dairy products through their local farmers' factory. It became apparent in 1917 that a larger plant would bo necessary, and accordingly the directors authorized the construction of the present cream cry building, which was thought at that I above quotations of I K* Period of opera close of 1918 the c, time would care for the Increase in business for several year«. However, it is already much too small for the gradually Increasing business. It would cost $25,000 to replace the build ing. The Farmers' Cooperative Creamery company has a capital of $10,000. The capitalization, however, will doubtless be Increased to $50,000 at another date to make provisions for additional busi ness. Notwithstanding the necessary expenses not incident to the rapidly In creasing business, especially the con struction of the modern plant, the creamery company has been able to keep out of debt, and in addition, pay prices averaging from 3 to 9 cents all concerns during operation. Also at the company declared a substantial dividend to all patrons of the creamery, whether stockholders or not. The local creamery is regarded throughout the entire west as one of 'he best known examples of the suc ssful farmers' marketing agencies. The success of the creamery is un doubtedly due to the business ability and 'general standing of the farmers, who have composed its board of di rectors. and the confidence of the farmers in general in their leadership. The creamery company, in addition to functioning as a highly efficient marketing agency, pursues a broad policy in regard to rural development. The officers believe that diversified farming is the basis of permanent prosperity in an agricultural section j j n the greater the number of a sources of income on the farm, the greater the total income on the average conditions. With these points in mind considerable attention has been given to increasing dairy business of the county by improving the dairy stock through encouragement of better sires an dthe importation to the county of thc first class dairy cattle. The annual meeting of the creamery company is one of the leading events of the year in Payette county's agri cultural eifort. A first class educa tional program is always presented. The directors of the creamery com pany holding office at this time are: H. Gregory, president; F. B. Suplee, a of j God of via* president ; J. Nod le. Mentarr treasurer; D. B. Coates. B. Whsaldon, Charles Belte* gad Axel Johnson, di rectors. The publie schools of Fgfxtte are thoroughly organised and equipped In all departments to render a« good erev ice to their constituency as any school system In the state. The educational sentiment tn Payette ls good. The citizens are loyal to the interests of their public schools and there Is no lack of educational cordiality tn the community. The public school system of Payette does not rest upon the sole basis that It provides n proficiency In those branches ' of study, such as reading, writing, arithmetic and kindred sub jects which aro considered the back bone of the ordinary school course. The commodious new high school building which Is now In process of construction Is evldenoe of the fact that the citizens of Payette have come to know and understand that the future welfare of the children depends largely upon he environment with which they are surrounded during the years of youthful character building, and to realize that, since the children of to sary for a right solution of the com munity and the state. It is essential that they be educated, not only that they may have the Intelligence neces sary for a right solution of the rom piicated public problems of today and tomorrow, but also that they may have developed within them that patriotism which realizes that to live for one's country is an even greater test of allegiance and love than to die for It, and a devotion to high Ideals which constitute the only safe foundation of our national existence. The facilities and advantages offered by the new high school for the accom plishment of these ends will he un surpassed. The building will he com plete in every respect. Instead of hav ing a large number of distinctive courses, it is the policy of the Payette high school to consolidate the various courses into a single flexible course from which it Is possible, without loss of standing, to make up as many dif ferent courses as there are different natures, varying natural endowments and distinct needs among the pupils. The course is designed to discharge a double function. On the one hand it Is built upon the assumption that the high school course must of necessity be the finishing course for the large ma jority who go directly into the pursuits of active life. On the other hand, it is arranged to meet the entrance require ments of the colleges and universities. It Is, therefore, not only a finishing course for the many, but also a thor ough college preparatory course. It neither sacrifices the many to the few by being strictly college preparatory, nor does it ignore the admission re quirements of the universities. There are 12 buildings in Payette that were erected as places of wor ship. One of these has not been so used within the last ten years. An other is for the present without ser vices; two others have services month ly or semi-monthly, by priest or pastor living elsewhere. The Methodist Epls copal, Baptist, Presbyterian, Church of Disciples, Protestant Episcopal and Kvarigelieal Lutheran all have buildings and pastors on the field. The Nuzarenes have an organization and pastor hut no building. The Christian Scientists have a good building but ac cording to their usage no salaried min ister. The total membership is ap proximately 1000, one-third of whom live outside the town limits, for the Payette churches serve not only the town but the community of 3500 to 4000 people.