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Evening capital news. (Boise, Idaho) 1901-1927, January 04, 1920, RECONSTRUCTION EDITION-IDAHO ONE YEAR AFTER THE WAR, Image 66

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn88056024/1920-01-04/ed-1/seq-66/

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Although Second in Sine and
Smalleet in Population That
8econd Makes Progressive
Strides Last Year.
Quarter of Million Dollars In
vested in Highways—Mining
Properties Active — Live
stock Industry Thrives.
Maekay, Jan. 3.—Custer county, sec
ond in sise. and perhaps least in pop
ulation of all counties in thl? state of
Idaho. 1ms kept pace with the progress
and development that has been accom
plished throughout Idaho during the
past year. With a population of scarce
ly more than 8500. its citizens have in
vested in government securities around
12.000,000. and the deposits in the two
banks of the county will total another
million or more.
Custer county is one of the isolated
sections of the state of Idaho, there
only being about 16 miles of railroad
within the confines of its borde
yet it 1ms vast resources in tin
Ing, the development of which i
in g to the financial advancon
its citizens.
and '
tend- i
m of I
On account of the luck o. trnnspor
tation facilities, the appropriations of
the federal government and the state
government for good road improve-i
ments In connection with county bond
Issues has strong v appealed *° the
cltizens. and elections held some two
years ago have resulted in the expen
diture or almost a quarter of a million
of dollars for highway improvement-,
within the border lines of this «mm j
Vi, hin the past 18 months, and thc
contracts covering the expenditure of.
this money have been almost ......
plated. Before this money was ap
propriated and-spent. Custer comité
and Central Idaho country was noted
for its good roads. The formation o'
the soil being such that extraordinary
road facilities were at hand. The multi
drawback in tile old days was
the grades over mountain
through draws and canyons. With tlie
nirouKH .a,..,«,..-. ■
expenditure oi the money under fed
eral and state supervision, the roads of
the county have been established on,
the grade with long sweeping curves
and of excellent material, and even in
the early stages of their completion in
the past summer, mines in the Salmon
river country some 60 to luO miles dis
tant from the railroads have been in
eouraged to operate by the employment
of motor trucks over the partially com
pleted highway«. The most noticeable
O ur Reputation for honestly made sales and efficient
work is our best guarantee. Square dealing has given us
our big business. Once with us, always with us.
Ford Cars
We have the agency for the Ford car
in this* territory. The Ford talks for
itself. When you buy, let us sell you.
A complete line of Accessories is
always kept in stock by us. We are in
position to give you the best of Battery
Service, and Exide Batteries and
Accessories are one of our specialties.
Goodrich and Goodyear
The well known Goodrich and
Goodyear Tires and Tubes are always
in stock here.
We also wish to announce that we have one of the best machines that money can buy. The efficiency of our men tell the story
of our increasing business. Our men know how to do the work and do it thoroughly. We can rebuild all cars from the ground.
We have electrical experts for all machines.
THe Matlock Garage
Located on the State Highway — Meridian, Idaho.
impie of the progress has boon liade
the Ramshorn Minin« Co., operated
_ Bey horse, a lead «Ihrer camp closed
down in the eighties on account of the
oast of transportation and the lack of
efficiency in the old freight outfit Hejre.
Sot only are the miners and the min
ing campa of the Custer county mo
tion greatly benefitted by the improved
method, of transportation over the
newly constructed highways, but busi
ness interests In general are advanced.
The stockman, the fanner and mer
chant are likewise benefitted, and In
addition to this, the great scenic at
tractions of the Lost river section, the
Salmon river valley and the Stanley
basin country, with their numerable
trout streams, vast big game areas,
beautiful lakes and wonderful scenery
are made accessable to the tourists
who came In large numbers during the
past summer and contributed to the
ptùspci tty of a vast region rich In re
Custer county has a combination of
resources that make for its general
prosperity, with the mining of metals,
including gold, silver-lead and copper;
with the livestock industry well de
veloped in a region that is peculiarly
adapted to this pursuit, the county Is
naturally in a. prosperous condition:
these two industries being of the kinl
that natures success when resources
are stiffioitnt as they are in the cen
tral Idaho district. Many other busi
ness concerns prosper aa u result, and
the country is gradually building up
and new industries are developing with
Influx of population. The next census
of Custer county is expected to show
a population of something like 4000 |
people. When it is considered that ,
Custer count\ is the second largest
county in the state in point of area
and that its population is the least of
any county in the state, and that its
resources are perhaps as magnificent
and at the same time perhaps the least
developed of any section in Idaho, then
ii will be readily understood that the
wealth per capita of the vast central
! Idaho section is ns great If not greater
' than any county lit the Vnit
i Chains is the county se
I countv and Jealously guards that dis
junction navhorse. the revised min
te Vnited States,
V seat of cater,
population ul this time
.. r-nnncr eltv of ■
u Maekay. the Copper city of :
pose nee ii
j Jng " 0 \,p le of hnndwd peo
° I \ llick ay. the terminus of the
; > • ' 1 5 , lf , he Oregon Short
I J ^ the .„-incipul town of Ihe
L - , has a population of about
I o ' . - tlM . business Interests
„ f Ihe countv center. The building ac
I °* ' V M
h '' ., urln „ thp
i,l ' ll '°' . _ ,. tsoM w |th the devel- I
meager ' „eemmu of 1W re
"pini-iit n I . In ,.c. me'in of j
much progress din ing I
rmst year as any other point in
iln- county, a few new homes having
l, ( ,en erected and new business houses
established, all of which were partly
,luo to the fact that the silver mining
industry In the Salmon river section,
which is noted for its value in the
white metal has been renewed and
1 the county seal Is taking on new life
1 lurhups mad^as mi
j Prominent citizens have secured man
utilities commission, a writ
, the pu ...... „onvenlence for thc
- .tot
j ^'^in-tty plant' which will he
eie« rrici . J** . . lv i )V t i ie rC8 [_
much a PP^*' ' ' .. vi to
dents of Chnllls hut all visitors to the
! county seat.
Among the improvement« to come in
1 Maekay. during this ,year ^which are
now well on th
have' secured from
essity and convenience for the
The estab
llahmmt of a nation*» hank with
capital of $25,000. the chartsr for Which
haa already boon granted. The build
ing of an up-to-date, commodious ho
tel and mnl very substantial build
ing blocks. Ths city coui^of küpchay
recently entered into a contract with
thTSSk" U&t * Powm Co for the
Installation of the latest type of curb
street lighting system ** rl V
spring, and this, together with the
modern electrical advertising signs on
Main street, will make Maekay s Main
street the best lighted country town
business thoroughfare in the state.
For the first time In 30 years. Cue
ter county experienced many hardships
during the summer of 1919, on account
of the extreme drought conditions, not
only was the water supply Inadequate
for the acreage, which resulted in
much litigation between Carey Act
protects and the users of old decreed
water rights, but also a shortage of
hay, and a very short range season
and livestock were forced, at leaBt 10,
000 head of cattle and 50,000 head of
sheep, to market sooner than they
would otherwise have gone. While
this Is a serious blow to the livestock
Interests of this county, yet It may be a
blessing In disguise as the ranges of
the section have been greatly over
taxed bv the advent of transient
Sheep, and the section with the num
ber of livestock thus diminished, may
have an opportunity to recover Itself
and come back to normal conditions by
the time the men engaged in the live
stock Industry find themselves in a
position to get back to normal.
A big movement is on foot In the
| Lost river valley for an organization
, of an irrigation district and this may
he one of the accomplishments of that
section of the county within the next
you an
___ _______ __________ .
type of citizens of the county makes |
It compare favorable with the most
favored counties of the west. It is a |
new country, a good country, a conn
try that will respond generously to the,
year. _ . ___
The resources of Custer county are
gradually being developed and the high
industry and application of man ln
telllgently applied. If you »ally be-■
»eve I« is. come and Ve one of us If
in doubt, come and be con
(Continued from page seven.)
■ here makes an improvement In the cum
: and thc ncw city lark pur
.........- -----. , „ . ,,
I chased in the fall, has off
Ployment to a t umher of peopl
j are in town Just for -he «..uni
pton . ty *
I ___■
------——- - K,,c
are a lot who like it well enough to buy
their homes Instead of renting.
The hand that bus bc:n organized
past year so that new
timers are not at an expense when
they land. Most of them have gone
encoUrages INFECTION.
Dr. Eric 1'rite-haul suggests In Thc
Practitioner (London) that ciitiug too
much carhohyt date material makes
persons susceptible to infectious dis
ii 0
j eases. This is important to mothers
of voung children, as It means that
they should restrict the quantity of
itarchy and
offspring cat.
Ligafv foods that their
A moderate amount of exercise and
physical training for all stud ants in all
schools and colleges, instead inten
sive training for a few athletes, as ad
vocated by l>r. Kruson, of tiie depart
' mont of public health and charities.
Dairying Come* to Front After
Starting in Small Way—
Fanners' Cooperative Cream
ery Developed.
Market One of Best and Pro
duce Finds Beady Buyers—>
Payette the Oonnty Seat
Very Progressive City.
Payette, Jan. 3.—The wave of pros
perity which favored Payette and Pay
ettes county In 1919 has been second to
none in its entire history. Independ
ent industries have flourished in an en
viable manner and crops of all kinds
have never brought returns more grat
ifying. Markets have continued strong
throughout the entire season and re
turns to fruit growers for last year't
crops have never been previously
| equalled.
A n attempt lias been made to accu
| ra p,|y estimate the volume of fruit
| business In the valley last season. Ap
p r0 ximately 2500 cars of fruit have al
I ready been shipped to eastern markets
beBides som „ 5 00 cars of apples at pres
, cold and. common storage
throughout the valley. The handling
of last season's business hovers around
the $4,000,000 mark for the Payette val
ley alone. The expense of preparing
a car of fruit for the market has been
estimated at $200, making the payroll
the season $.i00,l>00, this covering
I for the season luOO.OOO, this covering
^ harvestlnK expenditures. Labor
..„la __ __ _________
... . . , , , , ,
paid for maintenance of orchards, cul- i
tivation, irrigation, spraying, pruning,
and the like would be additional. !
Some 292 rar« of "shook,'* parkins j
0 f paper and box nails were purchased j
for growers at a cost of approximately ,
$420.000. Four evaporators have been
in operation practically the entire sea
son preparing dried apples for eastern I
markets. They have consumed 40,000
tons of cull apples, netting the growers
$400,000 for fruit for which there oth
erwise could have been no market.
While in operation thc payroll has been
over $2200 weekly.
The year 1919 has been without a
peer in reference to crops and all that
goes to bring prosperity with the han
dicap of a 90 per cent failure in the
prune crop and the apple crop lacking
10 per cent of being normal.
Owing to the stupendous task of car
ing for the fruit harvest building ac
tivities have been at a standstill. How
ever, although definite statements are
not available from those who are plan
ning the erection of buildings it may
•>c said that several business bouses
will be erected in the spring, the in
rcased business of Payette necessi
■ v.
Located Near the City of Coeur d'Alene
tating larger facilities for growing en
terprises. The Masons have com
pleted plans for the erection of their
Masonic temple and building will begin
as soon as the weather will permit.
The excellent new high school build
ing Is still uncompleted because of
weather not permitting further prog
ress. The $21,000 drive for the Y. M.
C. A. at Payette proved successful and
it will not be long until it is reopened.
All in all the year 1919 has been very
gratifying and if Father Time with
1920 is as favorable it will be added
proof that the Payette valley Is the
finest plare for a home this side of
the Rocky mountains.
Seventeen farmers of Payette county
|, „Anri" To'l 5 Completed the organisa- I
P ' 1 21"* Farmers'CooneratWe I
'L^JTnd In June com
Creamery company, and in June com
menced operations in a small frame
building, formerly used us a dentist of
fice. The directors employed- J. R.
Brown, who has been with the com
The first month's output was slightly
, less than 6000 pounds of butter,
i . . ......
krom this very modest start thc
! Farmers Cooperative Creamery com
j made steady progress to the
j Present Lime, increasing its force of
, employe« from one to 15, and shipping
during the .successful mont.i of last
y ftar 05,000 pounds of butter in addition
I to sufficient ice cream to supply many
1 of the surrounding markets. The ice
cream business has been carried on for
the past four years with a, volume
panv since thgt time as manager, and
the first butter was churned In July,
doubling each year over that of the j
At the present time there arc 200
stockholders in the company, every one
of whom is a producing farmer, it be
ing the bylaws of the cooperative com
pany that no one except farmers may
own stock in the concern. In addition
to the 200 farmer stockholders, there
are 800 patrons of the creamery, mak
ing a total of 1000 farmers marketing
tlieir dairy products through their local
farmers' factory.
It became apparent in 1917 that a
larger plant would bo necessary, and
accordingly the directors authorized
the construction of the present cream
cry building, which was thought at that
I above quotations of
I K* Period of opera
close of 1918 the c,
time would care for the Increase in
business for several year«. However,
it is already much too small for the
gradually Increasing business. It
would cost $25,000 to replace the build
The Farmers' Cooperative Creamery
company has a capital of $10,000. The
capitalization, however, will doubtless
be Increased to $50,000 at another date
to make provisions for additional busi
ness. Notwithstanding the necessary
expenses not incident to the rapidly In
creasing business, especially the con
struction of the modern plant, the
creamery company has been able to
keep out of debt, and in addition, pay
prices averaging from 3 to 9 cents
all concerns during
operation. Also at the
company declared a
substantial dividend to all patrons of
the creamery, whether stockholders or
The local creamery is regarded
throughout the entire west as one of
'he best known examples of the suc
ssful farmers' marketing agencies.
The success of the creamery is un
doubtedly due to the business ability
and 'general standing of the farmers,
who have composed its board of di
rectors. and the confidence of the
farmers in general in their leadership.
The creamery company, in addition
to functioning as a highly efficient
marketing agency, pursues a broad
policy in regard to rural development.
The officers believe that diversified
farming is the basis of permanent
prosperity in an agricultural section
j j n the greater the number of
sources of income on the farm, the
greater the total income on the average
conditions. With these points in mind
considerable attention has been given
to increasing dairy business of the
county by improving the dairy stock
through encouragement of better sires
an dthe importation to the county of
thc first class dairy cattle.
The annual meeting of the creamery
company is one of the leading events
of the year in Payette county's agri
cultural eifort. A first class educa
tional program is always presented.
The directors of the creamery com
pany holding office at this time are:
H. Gregory, president; F. B. Suplee,
j God
via* president ; J. Nod le. Mentarr
treasurer; D. B. Coates. B. Whsaldon,
Charles Belte* gad Axel Johnson, di
The publie schools of Fgfxtte are
thoroughly organised and equipped In
all departments to render a« good erev
ice to their constituency as any school
system In the state. The educational
sentiment tn Payette ls good. The
citizens are loyal to the interests of
their public schools and there Is no
lack of educational cordiality tn the
The public school system of Payette
does not rest upon the sole basis that
It provides n proficiency In those
branches ' of study, such as reading,
writing, arithmetic and kindred sub
jects which aro considered the back
bone of the ordinary school course.
The commodious new high school
building which Is now In process of
construction Is evldenoe of the fact that
the citizens of Payette have come to
know and understand that the future
welfare of the children depends largely
upon he environment with which they
are surrounded during the years of
youthful character building, and to
realize that, since the children of to
sary for a right solution of the com
munity and the state. It is essential
that they be educated, not only that
they may have the Intelligence neces
sary for a right solution of the rom
piicated public problems of today and
tomorrow, but also that they may have
developed within them that patriotism
which realizes that to live for one's
country is an even greater test of
allegiance and love than to die for It,
and a devotion to high Ideals which
constitute the only safe foundation of
our national existence.
The facilities and advantages offered
by the new high school for the accom
plishment of these ends will he un
surpassed. The building will he com
plete in every respect. Instead of hav
ing a large number of distinctive
courses, it is the policy of the Payette
high school to consolidate the various
courses into a single flexible course
from which it Is possible, without loss
of standing, to make up as many dif
ferent courses as there are different
natures, varying natural endowments
and distinct needs among the pupils.
The course is designed to discharge a
double function. On the one hand it Is
built upon the assumption that the
high school course must of necessity be
the finishing course for the large ma
jority who go directly into the pursuits
of active life. On the other hand, it is
arranged to meet the entrance require
ments of the colleges and universities.
It Is, therefore, not only a finishing
course for the many, but also a thor
ough college preparatory course. It
neither sacrifices the many to the few
by being strictly college preparatory,
nor does it ignore the admission re
quirements of the universities.
There are 12 buildings in Payette
that were erected as places of wor
ship. One of these has not been so
used within the last ten years. An
other is for the present without ser
vices; two others have services month
ly or semi-monthly, by priest or pastor
living elsewhere. The Methodist Epls
copal, Baptist, Presbyterian, Church of
Disciples, Protestant Episcopal
and Kvarigelieal Lutheran all have
buildings and pastors on the field. The
Nuzarenes have an organization and
pastor hut no building. The Christian
Scientists have a good building but ac
cording to their usage no salaried min
ister. The total membership is ap
proximately 1000, one-third of whom
live outside the town limits, for the
Payette churches serve not only the
town but the community of 3500 to
4000 people.

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