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The Boise citizen. (Boise, Idaho) 1906-1910, December 28, 1906, Image 1

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THE BOISE CITIZEN
BOISE, IDAHO, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 28, 1906.
VOL. VII.
NO 31.
BIG GRAFT
IN TIMBER
Weyerhaeuser Richest
Man in World
PEOPLE DESPOILED
OF NATIONAL WEALTH
Methods By Which Vast Forests
Passed to Railroads bu
Stroke ot Pen
Charles P. Norcross presents an arti
cle in the January Cosmopolitan which
asserts that Frederick Weyerhauser, the
timber king, is a richer man than John
D. Rockefeller, and is, therefore, the
richest man in the world. After tracing
Weyerhauser's advent in America as a
poor German emigrant and his modest
rise as a lumberman, Norcross goes
on to describe what he terms a stu
pendous legal steal, by which the public
domain was looted :
"With the recent revelations as to
graft and the illegal methods used by
various "captains of industry" to achieve
their eminence in the world of com
merce, one naturally wants to know
whether Weyerhaeuser and his associ
ates have created this giant industry, or
ganized this great trust, and builded this
monumental fortune with clean hands.
Unfortunately not. Weyerhauser and
associates have done their part, just
as Mitchell and many other menrin the
Northwest did their part, in securing
lands fraudulently. The game of home
steading and getting government land
by fraud was just as familiar to the
Weyerheauser interests as to others.
Possibly Weyerhaeuser never personally
conducted any of these illegal opera
tions, but hundreds of thousands of
acres taken in by his companies for tim
ber purposes were stolen under the old
and well-known formula. It is hardly
worth while discussing this, since the
same practices for which Francis J.
Heney is securing convictions in Ore
gon w ere practiced by the Weyerheauser
clique. It is necessary to record, how
ever, one of the most stupendous steals
ever engineered in this country. It was
done legally; there is no redress. It was
the looting of the United States gov
ernment of lands worth fully $1,00,000,000.
The scheme was engineered for the ben
efit of the Weyerhaeuser companies, and
while otfiers made millions the Weyer
haeuser interests probably benefited more
than any one else."
Here is given in detail in the article
facts showing the near exhaustion of
the timber of the middle west and the
covetous eyes turned to the great fields
of Oregon, Washington and Idaho, and
the passage by congress in 1897 of a bill
creating forest reserves, which contained
the following joker :
That in cases in which a tract covered
by an unperfected bona fide claim or
by a patent is included within the limits
of a public forest reserve, the settler or
owner thereof may, if he desires to do
so, relinquish the tract to the govern
ment and in lieu thereof select a tract
of vacant land open to settlement, not
exceeding in area the tract covered by
the claim or patent, and no charge shall
be made in these cases for the making
of the entry of record or issuing the
patent to cover the tract selected."
every alternate section of 640 acres on
both sides of the tracks for a distance
° f i«Q 7 ty ,h m, t eS ^ PaS5C ^
m 1897 > the >and which had been used
to finance the railroads had largely
passed out of their hands and there
were however (and here the whole
were, however (and here the wtole
srhpmf» ctinrlc M > cnmAu.'h->f
. - / -- —-ters,
*■«««
Under this innocent looking provis
ion to favor some honest homesteaders,
the land grant railroads came to the
front as their grants carried with them
millions of acres, taking in as they did
or denuded lands owned by the com
panies in the year 1897, which had been
caught within the confines of govern
ment forest reserves. As soon as the
law passed, the railroads proceeded
promptly to exchange out these worth
less lands for the finest timber lands the
government owned. The total amount
owned within forest reservations by the
land-grant road.': was :
Santa Fe .
Southern Pacific
Northern Pacific
1,368,960
543,000!
1,401,000
Smaller grants made a total of nearly
4,000,000 acres.
"This process of exchanging worth-1
less or denuded lands lying within for
est reserves for valuable lands, heavily
timbered, involved Mount Ranier, the
majestic and snow-caped mountain that
towers over Tacoma. This is perhaps
the most picturesque and superb peak
in America. It was included in the
original grant to the Northern Pacific.
When the chance to exchange it came
along, the railroad men and their timber
allies were not actuated by any love for
the beautiful. In a mater-of-fact man
ner, with a sordid commercialism char
acteristic of all their operations, they
handed over beautiful Mount Ranier and
took in its place an equal area of tim
ber land which they could cut into and
"It was the Northern Pacific that
turned the trick, but it was Weyerhaeu
ser who was to benefit.
turn into dollars.
For the last
thirty years Weyerhaeuser has been
practically the timber agent of the
Northern Pacific, and also of the Great
Northern. A whole story might be
written about the deals by which the
spoilers, in the guise of the railroads,
secured these valuable lands from the
government. Then a sequel might be
written showing the spoliation of the
spoilers. The officers of the Northern
Pacific, working through the Weyer
haeuser timber companies, sold great
tracts of these rich lands to the Weyer
haeuser syndicate for a song. Six dol
lars an. acre is said to have been the
ruling price. R. L. McCormick, the
Weyerhaeuser agent in Tacoma, Wash.,
admits that that is what the company
paid for 1,000,000 acres of Northern Pa
cific land lying west of the Cascades. It
was one quarter-section out of this lot
that sold for $76,000—a profit of 2000
per cent in a few short years.
"This shrewd deal, whereby Weyer
haeuser got the richest timber lands in
the world at practically no cost and
without the slightest danger to anyone,
turned 1 the" attention "of^the^svndicäte
to the Northwest, and having gobbled
up everything in the Mississippi river
worked ^e^-eh^h^-a]"»«^
operation in thT v4t For some P timei
YVeyerhaeuser had been buying, trading,
and by other means taking over lands
m the Northwest. It was in 1900 that
a big splurge was made. AU of the
Northern Pacific land west of the Cas
cades, something over 1,000,000 acres,
was taken at a flat rate of $6 an acre,
According to well informed men deal
ä£.*5» "ÄS
deal. Weyerhaeuser opened headquar
ters in Tacoma. Wash. Here, as was
the case in the Mississippi river dis
trict, unostentation was the rule. An
office was secured in a quiet little red
brick house down town, overlooking the
Sound, and R. L. McCormick, a partner
of many years standing, and the man
Weyerhaeuser trusts probably more than
anyone else, was sent to the coast to
handle the business. McCormick is a
big, impressive looking man, with weight
and dignity. He is the dynamo of the
Weyerhaeuser machine. Suave, cool
imposing, he is the polished politician of
that group of land-grabbing, forest-de-|
stroying, dollar-hunters. He poses as a
philanthropist and public-spirited citizen
He ran for ma>or of Tacoma, and. if
current gossip is true, was beaten be
cause he was so close to James J. Hill.
of the Great Northern, and Weyerhaeu
ser. Harriman is said to have feared
for his interests if McCormick won in
Tacoma, and at the last hour he went
in and defeated him. Whether this is
true or not, McCormick is there in
charge of the Weyerhaeuser interests,;,.
and he is the keenest lumberman in the
West. He has been quietlv for the la*t
five yearsAshaping^up^the Weyerhaeuser i
j interests, and todav the dominion is as !
^ > cars «>»
The article should be read in full by
every citjzen> who desires know l ed g e
of the ways of graft that for years have
dominated the national legislation, de
privln S the People of their heritage in
U. of a ffiw , utocrats and sch 5
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wno scck ana ootain special pnvi- •
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OF MIS PARTY
I

Infamous Baryain of Bosses With
INDEPENDENT
FILES BILL
PauGUG Paper Shows
Up Hunt
VIOLATES PLEDGES
the Mormon Leaders Boldly
UenOUnCCd
- i
The Payette Independent having
been called to time by the Rexburg
Standard for opposing the candidacy
of Mormon Bishop J. Frank Hunt for
speaker of the house comes back with
the following bill of particulars : !
"In the campaign of 1904 the Re
publican party of Idaho, recognizing
the fact that our laws were lamentably
weak on the polygamy question, and
that the Democrats were making cap
ital out of this condition of affairs, !
pledged the Republican legislature, if 1
elected, to provide a remedy. The leg-}
islature was elected. J. Frank Hunt,
a Mormon, was chosen speaker, with
out protest from the Independent or
any other Republican paper, as it was
supposed that the intention on all
sides was to be honest with the voters,
and in due time the subject of legis
lation on the polygamy question came
up for settlement. Several bills bear
ing on it were presented. One of them,
known as the "Polygamy" bill, made
polygamy—that is, the act of plural
marriage—a crime, and provided pen
alties therefor ; another
as the "Unlawful Cohabitation" bill,
was directed against unlawful cohabita
tion, and was generally conceded to be
as strong as was needed along that line ;
while a third, known as a "Change of
Venue" bill, provided for a change of
ing to make it possible for the pros
tion to obtain readily a change of
known
measure
venue when required, the intention be
whenever it seemed probable that jus
tiee rti S ht not had in any court be
cause o fimproper influences.
-'^U of these bills were presented bv
R cpublicans-the "Unlawful Cohabita
tion" bill, in particular, being fathered
by one of the most prominent and con-!
sistent of the party's workers in the
. . , <.p . .... ,
b ' U ' "
sequent ly developed, was presented by
a Republican who had no intention of
having his partv deal honestly with the
.
1 . i,
was pointed out that there was but lit
t i e , any . new polygamy in Idaho, and
. ,u- -o 1 7, .... ,, ,
that the Polygamy bill would be prac
öca "y useless if passed, whereas prose
cutions might be brought with good ef-1
feet under the "Unlawful Cohabitation"
bjI j . . -Uj , v „
• , , -, , p ena J\
DIU was ükewise needed it the Republi
can party was to make good its pledges
to the voters with the strictness that
.
5 '
And wbat dld Mr Hunt do then,
with the great power of his position be-!
hind him and the full knowledge of just
what he ' shou , d do jn order . e h; .
P arty ln a "g ht that could not be ques
tided? Did he, like a good Republi-!
can, with his partv's best interests at
1 ,,, ,, , - , . ■ ,
""J"™* tbe e Älif Cvh^'
ln ,avor ot the L lawful Cohabita -
tion" bill and the "Change of Venue"
bill which he knew would be effective •
i . } 1 , • ■ , ., ,. '
° r A' d hî ' hke a tnckster - wlth hls
ends 10 serve > throw hls g rea t influence.
given him by his party, into the contest.
in favor of -P„kw k:ti .u.
enactment of which, wuhout tlTother
blUs ' he kne ' v would a «arce, and
which the whole sute knew would be
a farce 5
- But ' these oue , tioil ,
vv , .. , 1 . are "seless.
What Mr. Hunt did is a matter of
.
ivr > "'in which an are acquainted.
"He helpej ,1,™^ ,he ,„r,h
ecu
enue
less "Polygamy" bill and his friends
boasted that the Republican party of
Idaho had fulfilled its pledges to the
letter, while he oposed the other two
bills with all the influence that he
could command, and at one time
jumped down upon the floor of the
house and delivered an impassioned
tirade against them, claiming that they
were an insult to his people. For po
litical reasons it might be considered
policy to keep these things hidden, if it
could be done, but such a thing is im
possible, and it is better for Republi
cans to bring the matter up now and
settle it in the right way than to wait
for the Democrats to usé it again with
deadly effect in the next campaign as
they did in the last
did? co U i d SUC h buis as he opposed
hurt the innocent ? Could prosecutions
be brought against the formons under
the "Unlawful Cohabitation" bill any
more than against the non-Mormons, if
the former were not more guilty than
the latter? And should not Mormons
and non-Mormons alike be prosecuted
if they were guilty of unlawful cohab
itation, and shouldn't we have a law
covering such an offense that is really
effective ? All of these questions must
have occurred to Mr. Hunt : for no one
has charged that he lacks perspicacity ;
and in taking the stand he did, there
fore, no one can doubt that he. did so
with his eyes open and fully determined
to abide by the consequences,
Now we are not going to charge that
Mr Hunt fought the "Unlawful Cohabi
tation" bill and the "Change of Venue"
bill at the dictation of his church to
protect its members in unlawful prac
tices ; for we have no means of know
> n 8 whether he did or did not, and
would require proof to believe that Such
a shameful condition existed. We sim
ply charge that he did fight them with
all the power that he possessed, that in
so doing he violated the pledges of his
Party, and that any man who violates
the pledges of hi sparty, be he Mormon
honored by that party with a responsible
position, much less with one of such im
portance as that of speaker of the
house.
-
or non-Mormon, should never again be
"So much for Mr. Hunt and our "bill
°f particulars" against him, which we
tirely satisfactory to the Standard ; and
now we return to certain other state
ments made b y that Journal which we
deera 50 ill-advised that we are willing
t0 CTedit tbem to ' ts bitterness of spirit
^ "°î *? its J sober iudgment ' II
oi *\ Inde P endent:
. Let enem > tra ® c ,n dlegit
imate argument if il wants to - but for
any member of the Republican party,
which has been so substantially bene
- . . . . .
fited * j Mormo " '' otes - » d ° so ' is
,ngratltued of the basest kmd - Mor-,
mon votes must have looked pretty
me ' 3 "A U 1 becomes tbat paper to
tUni " P " 5 n0Se nOW '
. .. a
P^ ndent furn > sh , an - v we ask
any astute Politician. It is right there
in cold type. The Mormons have de
livered the goods, a Mormon paper savs
, ... , . ,
an A "° W the -'' dema f u ü,e!r reward,
and that revvard IS the se P akerih ip
To refuse them this small favor is in
gratitude.
. „ . , _ , .. . ,
u V ' el tha * ^ g °° d P° ltICS ' but
tllC In< ^ e f >en ^ ent ' * or onc ' wants none of
it Bad politics, treason to the party,'
call it what you like, if this paper be -1
.. , . . , r _ .
be ' ed that A* -' e P akersh, P ,or / Frank
Hunt WaS the pnce ° f Republican suc '
.cess in this state, it would rather that
not a the Republican state
. , , , , , , _ ■ ,
!'A h d ™ A , " do< ' not
***** *** W,U never beheve ,n spite
of the Standard's insinuations, unless
A nex , ^ f repreientatives com .
. " " ' re P r "»entatives co ™
m " S , th *. S *?"*?*** which Repubh-j
cans «cueevmg m nonest politics op -1
^_"d\ETSf
In the Gooding-Sheridan controversy
thr .nthaTln" ' ^
.' C P^op . are in the happy position ot
the woman whose husband was engaged
m a tlg ht with a bear.
his-_I
Heir —u . c the 50 00 0 rlub Do it
trust are stated with a frankness en
"How will that do for Democratic
campaign thunder? Could the Inde
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Senatorial Candidate Alone Bene
fittrd bu the Attacks on
Goodino and Bradu
IS GOODING
AFTER BORAII
Latter Backer ol the
Capital News
INTERESTING FACTS
IN LIBEL SUIT
;
The criminal libel charge which Gov
! ernor Frank R. Gooding has brought
against R. S. Sheridan, of the Capital
News, may be fraught with great possi
j bilities. If it is Governor Gooding's
: purpose to attempt to drive into the
opening the men who inspired the as
saults of the Capital News upon him
! since Mr. Sheridan drove Mr. Fisher
j from the editorial chair in April, 1903,
! then all is not harmony
among the
bosses of the Republican party in Idaho
and there are breakers just ahead.
In the evidence brought out in the
! Sheridian-Brady trial for the control
j of the Capital News it was shown that
W. E. Borah was the man who deposit
ed the $6,000 or $7,000 necesary to hold
Sheridan's option on the Fisher-D'Arcy
: stock. Thus it was a fight for control
i of the paper really between Brady and
Borah, and Borah won, Mr. Sheridan
retaining the management by the help
of Borah's money. It was also brought
out in that trial that Calvin Cobb
the Statesman held 23,000 of the 70,000
j shares of the stock of the Capital News ;
balance of the power between Sheridan
and the Fisher interests. Mr. Cobb
could have combined with Mr. Brady,
holding the Fisher stock and forced a
cessation of the paper's attacks
r
1 so that Mr. Cobb at all times held the
upon
j Governor Gooding; but this was not
i done and the reason is plain.
The attacks upon Governor Gooding
I redounded to the benefit of W E.
j Borah ! To bring the Brady-Gooding
machine into disrepute was the political
salvation of Borah. It rallied to his
standard all those who desired to free
I * e Repub ' ican party from the domjna -
; of the who use ,t tor
J their own purpose*. So the Capital
Xews ' ^ ht on Governor Gooding
: not stoped bv either Calvin Cobb,
could have co-ooerated with Brad- and
„ , 1 - ana
controlled a majority of the stock;
was it stopped by W. E. Borah, whose
! money alone made it posible for Mr
" hi, r ,,„„
1 . Thus it will be seen that the
liu * it
Here is a pretty kettle of nsh? And
j Mr. bheridan pleads in the columns of
j the Capital News that he is and has
; been only the business manager of the
, . *
paper and never its ed.tor
| Abator to its columns,
wrote the alleged libelous article that
. , ,
j SauIt upon ,he g^mor.
query the governor seeks to have
sewered in the suit?
the author to be the man who finan
- „ , , , , , ' ,
«--.ally backed the paper and who bene
htted b >' ^ attacks? If so, there are
breakers just ahead !
And what of Borah, who is really
. , c , ., . , ., *
itruck ever bhendan s head ?
1 °L '^ k ' hat °° mb ! ned
weak en the Brad>-G^Kiing machine and
7> ad « the. benenciary of the
torces ot opposition until he could
make terms with the bosses and leave
"*• supponers ana
™ m^Vhc^ the
Po ^ tell ° conventK)n . and divided its
f-' even so tar as to usurp the
tunctions ot the legislature by claiming
^ nptto havca Lmted Mates sena
Î ' * Republicans were victorious,
L not all harmony between the b<
irui »C tn«' .3n sn^-nL
• » • >> ~ —
was
who
nor
one
j man who was benefitted by the attacks
upon Governor Gooding was VV. E.
! Borah the financial backer of the
paper.
nor a con
Who, then,
j was only one in practically a daily as
Is this the
nt
Does he suspect
It was
set
Kij
The im-

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