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HE BOISE CITIZEN
BOISE, IDAHO, FRIDAY, JANUARY 4, I VOL. VII. 1907. NO 32. KINDLY ACT OF SENATOR Presents Weyeriiaeiis m er $3.000.000 SPECIMEN OF LIEU LAND LEGISLATION Idaho Should Profit bu Lesson and Refuse to Elect Corporation Attorney In our last issue we gave a portion of an article from the Cosmopolitan Maga zine for January, in which Chas. P. Nor cross wrote of the methods of the Wey erhaeuser syndicate in securing millions of acres of timber land in exchange for worthless lands in the forest reserves. Although a large area of this land thus "legally grafted" is located in Idaho the daily press of Boise had no mention of Mr Norcross' articles, notwithstanding it is "mighty interesting reading," to quote a favorite expression of Horace Greeley. K It may be that the daily papers of Boise do not wish to call attention to the fact that a Weyerhaeuser attorney ;s been selected by the Republican sses for the next United States sena tor from Idaho; but the interesting fact was also brought out in the article that the Weyerhauesers already have a friend in the senate and, of course, another would be greatly to their liking. Just read the following account of a friendly piece of legislation in the interest of Weyerhaeuser and notice what a good turn a senator can do the lumber syndi pte and then ask yourself if Idaho should be represented in the senate by I Weyerhauser attorney, just because the the Republican bosses at Pocatello treat ed the convention delegates as a lot of fc puppets and brazenly attempted to usurp _B>e constitutional prerogative of the leg islature to choose a United States sen ator. Mr. Norcross concluded his article ' %s follows : 'Another of the methods used by the Weyerhaeuser interests to secure land is of so recent date that there is every possibility that it may yet be officially y vestigated ; in this instance, as in oth ers. it brought about the turning over by the government to the Weyerhaeuser people of an enormous tract of rich and valuable land. Somewhere back in the fifties the state of Oregon granted to the . California and Oregon Land Company a large tract of land lying between Eu gene. Oregon, and Silver City, Cal ifornia. This grant was made for a turn pike road. Much of the land is worth less now, and the road is practically unused : still there are parts of it heavily timbered. The establishment of the Klameth forest reservation bv the gov Irnment took in eight hundred thousand .... . i the .TV" conn ^ non " ltb tlla t ot | l A' C 'f. " °' COn_ y.cted of land frauds, d.ed suddenly), o uce a feso ntion as an amen j ment to the Ind.an appropr.at.on pfr crcs of this land. It may seem strange, |biit by some mysterious means these l&ight hundred thousand acres drifted 3Sinto the hands of one man. He gave fen option on the whole thing to O O jSearle, of Minneapolis, at an upset price ^pf one million dollars, or one dollar and quarter an acre. Searle, who is in ;Jbusiness with A. E. Johnson & Co., of nn eap o lis, entered into negotiations 3J§*ith the Weyerhaeuser syndicate to buy e band ' They held off, and never did ct through Searle, but going behind his ack tlley secure d it in another way. It safe to assume that they did not pay nore than Searle asked. i "It may be merely a coincidence, but soon after this tract of land had passed Into the hands of the crowd, Weyerhaeuser Senator Fulton, of- Oregon whose name has from time to time been uthorizing the land company to ex hange one hundred and eleven thou- ' ; -iand acres of its land inside the Klamath reservation for eighty-sever. thousand -cres in one compact area. Aside from j this, the company was given the right I to construct mills, put up power plants. I build railroads, dams, and reservoirs and other necessary plants. It was a beauti ful scheme. The land exchanged is worthless sage or alkali land, scattered and detached. For it the company gets a compact area of eighty-seven thousand acres, with the rights mentioned. The land exchanged was probably not worth a dollar an acre, while the eighty-seven thousand acres secured are worth prob ably $3,200,000, or a profit of over three millions. Aside from this, the syndicate has nearly seven hundred thousand acres left in the tract, and there stand upon it five billion feet of timber of the finest quality. The land exchanged was the worthless part. "Anyone trying to write of the machi nations of the lumbermen in the North west stands appalled at their magnitude. The facts cited are set forth only as high-lights to illuminate what has been going on. They may in a way tend to prove how these gigantic combinations have been effected, how the syndicate converted to its own use the millions of acres with the billions of value which rightfully belong to the people, and how the colossal Weyerhaeuser fortune was built up. Behind it all stands the old man in St. Paul, quaint in his moods, somewhat broken in speech, kindly in manner, who, fifty years ago, came here from a foreign land to carve out his for tune, an achievement in which he has succeeded far beyond- the dreams of averice." niNGO SAUNDERS Mingo Saunders at 50 is just a negro out of a job, with a dishonorable dis charge against his name on the mili tary records of the United States. Six weeks ago he was first sergeant of Company B, Twenty-fifth infantry. He has served 26 years, half of his life, as a regular under the American flag. His different discharges bore the offi cial remarks : "Faithful service," "re liable soldier," "good man," "character excellent." Now his service stripes have been taken from him. He cannot re enlist. Mingo Saunders was on the firing line all through the Santiago campaign in Cuba as a non-commissioned officer. On June 25, 1898, a volunteer officer named Theodore Roosevelt came to Mingo Saunders not far from Siboney an d begged for some hard-tack for his "ten. The Rough Riders were glad to ff et tbe negroes' rations. Mingo Saunders, as first sergeant, led Company B, Twcnty-fith infantry, on January 5, 1900, in the attack on Ca ntansi, the Filipino stronghold on Arra >' at hill > in north Luzon. In the re P ort on this action Camansi is de scribed as "a veritable Gibraltar in it self - a sort of second Lookout Moun tain " Mingo Saunders was in at the finish > aft er scaling the mountain in the face of a deadly fire. The Filipinos, 1000 stron S< % « ere routed and five wounded American prisoners were res cued - Mingo Saunders, after fighting all Boise cannot always be assured of commercial supremacy in the southern Idaho field. Five years more without direct transcontinental railway connec-lof tion and other places will be rivals to be reckoned with. Hence the necessity for carnest action in thjs mat:e - Ilpon the par t of our people. bill,-with An honest ballot law should be passed through the Cuban and Philippine cam > ,ai 8 ns > never rose above a non-com missioned officer, but he had nothing but credit marks to his account. He was at Brownsville, Texas, last August With at lhc time of the midnight riot. in ] ° minutes after he first heard shots fired he had his men lined up for roll call. He accounted for all of them ex cept four, who were known to be on special detail. He did his full duty in every way. There are no charges against Mingo Saunders as sergeant or private, yet Theodore Roosevelt holds him up as a disgrace to the United States army.— Ne A- York World. at this session. PTf IT i A YTC) YT £ II fj LJlJiil WIJTTI? W 4 OU y V rj I I ft, yy A | f j ] : ! i I , ! j j i | Farcical Trial Held at Galdwell SOLID REPUBLICAN JURY EMPANELLED Judge Smith Directs That a Ver dict of Acquittal Be Rendered in Case The trial and acquittal of Robert Lans don on the charge of embezzling public funds turned out to be a legal farce and was one of those cases, now unfortu nately very common, that bring law yers and courts into disrepute. Mr. Lansdon had no defense and made none. The case was taken out of the hands of the jury by the trial judge, who ordered a verdict of acquitttal. The facts of the case are well known but will bear re peating. A sheep man named Brown paid Lansdon $163.50 taxes on his sheep ; Lansdon on the same day represented to the county commissioners that Brown had paid $40 taxes on the sheep, under the grazing tax law-, in Idaho county and was entitled to a rebate of that amount, which he obtained but never paid to Brown. Brown swore he never asked for this rebate and was not entitled to it and that his sheep never grazed in Idaho county. This statement of facts is undenied by Lansdon save by his plea of not guilty and the statement at the preliminary that there must have been some mistake in the matter. In the trial at Caldwell, according to the press reports Judge Smith sustained a motion to instruct the jury to bring in a verdict of not guilty because it was not shown that Lansdon had not re the prosecution left this loop-hole they can best answer themselves. There is some hint in the daily press, also, that Judge Smith and Lansdon's attorney, A. A. Fraser, construed the proof offered as tending to establish the crime of ob taining money under false pretenses in stead of embezzlement and, therefore, that the latter charge must fail. Mr. Lansdon is to be congratulated upon the ability of his counsel, the lack of perception by the prosecution and the technicalities of the law. He will come to Boise to serve as secretary of state and as a -member of Governor Gooding's land board, instead of tak ing up his residence elsewhere in this city. It is idle for Mr. Lansdon's defenders in the Republican press to speak of his 'vindication." He was sufficiently popu lar in Washington county to be'elected assessor in 1902 and sheriff in 1904, al though bitterly fought in his campaign for the latter position his bondsmen as assessor even asking to be relieved because of his alleged gambling proclivi ties. In 1906 his neighbors who had twice elected him to office refused longer to stand by him on account of this charge upon which he has just escaped and Washington county gavé his op ponent approximately 1000 majority for secretary of state and Mr. Lansdon se cured a change of venue for his trial. Surely his neighbors, who had been his friends and supporters, did not desert him because charges had been "trumped up" against him which they would have resented, but they expressed by their bal lots their verdict as tp his guilt or inno cence. Fortunately for him the Mor tnon vote was sufficiently strong in the state to pull him through lagging be (hind with the governor at the tail end the Republican ticket. ! d be Caldjvell News makes the foi 'owing comment regarding the farcical trial : When the prosecution was through! its teetimony-the attorney for the defense. moved that the court instruct ] the jury to bring in a verdict of ac quittai on the ground that the state had .not proven that the crime of embez zlement had been committed. He ar gued tbat ** le ^ e ^ en<blnt obtained thjs sunt under false pretenses and not by embezzlement. The court took the motion under advisement until the next day. After sleeping over the night on this motion the honorable court gave the instruction to acquit—and the jury did accordingly. A first class coat of whitewash was administered and Lans don goes back to Washington county 'not guilty.' still in his jeans unless he spent it dur ing the last campaign to aid in uphold ing 'law and order' in Idaho. "'Well, who is Lansdon anyway?' asks one of the uninitiated. He was the Re publican candidate ior secretary of state arid was elected to that office during the last campaign. True, he ran behind his ticket in the country where he was best known, but he got there all the same. He is to be sworn into office on the first Monday in January, 1907, and he must go into office vindicated ! A Re publican judge who was defeated in November for re-election and who had decided not to hold another session of court again in Canyon county changed his mind and heard this case in the last hours of his expiring term. A Re publican deputy sheriff summoned a spe cial venire of 24 men from which the jury was to be drawn, and out of this number 21 were Republicans and three Democrats. Of course this was a 'just happened so.' When the jury was be ing selected the three Democrats were promptly excused by the defense and 12 good Republicans tried and true were accepted. Another case of 'just happened so.' "When the court advised said 12 tried and true Republicans to return a verdict of not guilty they very prompt ly did it. And all of this was to up hold 'law and order' in Idaho. "In view of all this the News most heartily congratulates the Seventh Ju dicial district upon having retired his honor, the present incumbent, and elect ing as his successor the Honorable Ed ward Bryan. The News also wishes to congratulate Canyon county upon hav ing elected William Thorp as sheriff of But he has that $40.50 advise our office-holding friends not to be guilty of such offenses as Lansdon's during the term of office to which they have been elected ; for if they do there will be no whitewash administered with their consent and approval. The white wash bucket is now empty and will not, be replenished." LOOSE THINKING The Prineville Review seems to suf fer from confusion of thought upon one or two points, says the Oregonian. It does not seem to realize that the words "American people" and "land thieves" are not synonymous, aggrieved because the Oregonian wishes the govcrnment to retain the mineral and forest Iands Wh,ch the naticm sti11 ° wns ' ft ,hmks th,s wl11 be equivalent t0 ',' taklng the land away from the pe ° p * e ' subst,tute '' Iand thieves," its remark will ^ much more accurate In this coun ' try the government 15 the peopIe - What tbc government owns the people own, on tbe other hand what goes into the pos session of land thieves and grafters the people have lost forever, The Review truly says that the public lands "all belong to the people," but it qualifies this remark by adding that they shoul d be given away to whoever comes fi rst and grabs them, no matter whether ' s a trust or an individual. If the land belongs to the people, then the people as a whole are entitled to the use, value and proceeds of them forever. Ownership by tbe P e °pie does not mean the same as ownership by the Standard Oil company ° r by a senatorial syndicate. The Review thinks it will "be a sorry day" when the government begins to treat the public domain as a public trust r " nr the benefit of the whole nation. So it will ; sorry indeed for the gangs which have thriven heretofore upon the- plun der of the pub i ic doln:iin . But for every honest citizen who desires to own and possess what belongs to him and permit others to do the same it will be a day of rejoicing. The Review is If for "people" the Review will | ROUTE FOR RAILWAY Facts Upon Widen Our People Should flet MATTER DESERVES IMMEDIATE ATTENTION Senator Buller, of Blaine County, Gives Interview on This Im bortant Subject The most important item of informa tion printed relative to Boise and Southern Idahois sandwiched in an in terview with Senator R. F. Buller, of Blaine County, published in Wednes day's Statesman, as follows: "Senator Buller says that there is an unsurveyed route crossing the desert from Idaho Falls to Boise, that would admit of the building of a railroad on practically a water grade until the neighborhood of Dixie is I There would not even be a hill to climb in crossing either of the Wood rivers and the senator thinks that the Boise in terests should take the matter up and appoint a strong committee to investi gate this route and present it to rail way iulerests that are headed this way." To this Thursday morning is added the following: "Representative Thomas C. Stanford of Blaine Codnty says that he desires to emphasize what Senator Buller said in yçsterda_\ 's Statesman in regard to the feasibility of a railway route across the desert fust below the foothills from Idaho Falls to Boise. He says that there size practically no grades on the route and that after it has passed the first 5J miles west from Idaho Falls it will traverse nearly the entire distance through a fertile section of reached. ; that is rapidly being settled and placed under -nltivation. He expects to use his best efforts to get this route placed before the| railway intersts that have their eye on something good for Idaho." N Here then is the work cut out for the people of Boise and it is in direct line with th* suggestions made by the Citizen. Boise must have a direct trans-con tiuental line. All other matters are triv ial in comparison to this, and such a line can be secured by at :ive, earnest work. There was ne-er such activity before in the railroad world and new exten sions are being made in every direc tion. Let the business interests of Boise act quickly along the lines suggested by Senator Buller. Let a strong com mittee be appointed and a company in corporated to locate the proposed route and make the preliminary work for the construction of such a road, is every assurance that one of the great roads now operating in Wyoming and looking coastward could be quickly in duced to take hold of the matter. A transcontinental railway for Boise should be the watchword of every cit izen for the year 1907. The Boise Citizen does not that this matter shall be allowed to drag, but proposes to keep it constantly before the people. There purpose The senatorial candidate who spent * the most money carried the direct pri mary election in Oregon, less than 20 per cent of the Republicans voting. If the people will not vote at the primaries di rect nominations «fill go to the with the longest purse or to the best organizer. man Among the good resolutions for the year a popular one is to lay in sufficient coal next summer for the following win ter. United States Senator Dubois is spending a day or two in Boise.