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FRED FLOED'S PAPER" VOL X NO 26 BOISE. IDAHO. MAY 28, 1909 ROOSEVELT INAUGURATED A POLICY OF RECK LESS EXPENDITURE OF FUNDS The reckless extravagance that marked the administration of Presi dent Roosevelt is thus shown by Hon. James A. Tawney, Chairman of the committee of Appropriation of the National House of Repre sentatives, in an able article contributed to Van Norden's Magazine: It is time for the people of the United States to pause and consider the alarming increase in the annual expenditures of the Government and the necessity of checking a growing tendency toward excess. In the past eight years militarism and the relinquishment of certain and rights by the states to the Federal Government have powers forced Congress to appriate billions where hundreds of millions less should have sufficed; and yet the estimates of the executive branch of the Government for that period were pared down $433.000,000. Those who talk recklessly of thousands of miles of exposed coast line and predict a Japanese invasion from the West or a European invasion from the East doubtless care little for cold facts and figures. Let them have their way and it will not be many days until we are spending three-fourths of our available revenues on wars past and anticipated. As it is, our expenditures for military purposes or as the result of wars, are greater than those of any other nation in the world, though our army is far smaller than that of either Great Britain, France. Germany, Japan or Russia. Appropriations for public expenditures are made upon estimates submitted by the executive departments of the Government at the begining of each session of Congress. The aggregate amount of these estimates during the past eight years, including the fiscal year 1910, equals the enormous sum of $7.291,341,800.29. Upon them Congress appropriated $7,007,839,183.46. 000 for river and harbor improvements not estimated. The rapidity with which our national expenditures have been increasing during this period is shown by comparing the total appropriations for the fiscal year 1903, which were $796,633,864.79, with the total appro priations at the last session of the Sixtieth Congress for the fiscal year 1910, $1,044,014,298.23; the difference between the amount requird for the public service seven years ago and the amount required now being $247,380,433.44, or more than three times the total expendi tures of the Federal Government for the fiscal year 1861. This includes $150,000 that the two primary leading to this result have lieen the popular and executive demands upon Congress for appropriations from the Federal 1 reas ury for the exercise of rights and functions belonging exclusively lo the states and the abnormal and unnecessary war expenditures in Let me emphasize what I stated above : causes time of peace. Fixing responsibility for this state of affairs may be like closing the barn door after the horse has fled, but it is only just that it be not charged to Congress. If the estimates submitted during the past eight years had been appropriated for, and if the amounts proposed in bills introduced and demanded by public sentiment had passed, the treasury deficit at the end of the present fiscal year woul he up ward of $500.000,000 instead of about $100.000,000. Had it not been for the conservative element in Congress, we would have long since lieen meeting these enormously increased expnditurs with th proceeds from the sale of bonds. During the eight years pie\iou> to March 4, last, no effort or recommendation of the executive bianch of the Government was the cause of the people being saved from that unfortunate situation. The evil of this practice of asking for more than is actually needed is manifest. It entails upon Congress the burden, with little, if am aid from the Executive, of threshing out the good from the Kid. of necessary and the de It encourages, if of the differentiating between the indispensable, the sirable expenditures that should be provided for. i' has not in fact, begotten, a disposition departments to send in estimates for all manner of expenditim. ithout reference to their merit the Treasury, thus m many may be pressed upon their attention, or to the fact that the sum total of drafts upon made through Congress, enormously exceeds the annual leienues. April 15. 1908, wi In a speech in the House of Representatives ^ I had occasion to call attention to what I believed to be a d' u K build four battleships a year i both sides of signal in the form of a proposition to instead of one. There was much talk by members on nation, but with some foreign branch of the Government noble fleet of the chamber of the danger of a war if such a danger existed, the legislative ha:; not been apprised of the fact, sixteen battleships, w away from San Francisco for a trip ai the Atlantic and Pacific coasts absolutely unprotected. account of the Navy foi Instead, our rith foreign auxiliary ships, wa- atout t ' -ound the world leaving both Yet we were the fiscal year similar purpose by ?sked to appropriate on 1908 more money than ever was expended for a s an y other nation in a single year. f I had carefully analyzed the Army and Na\> nu .-W I nited States. Great Britain, France, German} and Japan, a s ble, by a comparison of the expenditures for these purpose - ' country named, to show that in proportion to the size ofourzn } Pnd Navy we were expending for that year mote than 1 . inexcess of the expenditures of any other nation in d' e that no nation approached our expenditures on account , , and wars to come. The House was treated to vivid pictures <> w would happen if the Yellow Man were to land his armies m a ' «'a, Oregon and Washington and was warned in ringing p ' ' that the United States would have to build battleships apace ith I the other great nations of the world or patiently await her fate— invasion and partition by foreign powers. How ridiculous ! The transport service of no European na tion' is sufficient, even without opposition, to land upon American soil an army of 100,000 men at a given time. There is no country in the Orient that has a naval base within striking distance of our Pacific coast, and no Oriental nation would be so reckless of its own intrests as to risk the loss of its Navy or its fleet by attempting to send it past the Hawaiian Islands for the purpose of attacking us upon the Pacific coast. Not a ship of such an expedition would ever return. Men talk atout the thousands of miles of American coast line and the danger which threatens us in consequence of its .extent, as though that coast line were marked by an old fence and our enemies in time of war would occupy the opposite side and invade American soil with all the ease with which the cows of one farmer break into the pasture of another. As a matter of fact, our geo grahpical isolation is an asset far more valuable as a means of nation al defense than all the navies it would ever be possible for us to build. The cruise around the world demonstrated that we have pursued an inexcusable, bungling naval policy in the past. Notwithstanding the hundreds of millions of dollars we have expended during the last decade, in the construction of a powerful fleet of warships, we know that because of a lack of auxiliary vessels our navy is woefully de ficient as a practical fighting organization. \\ e seem to have pro ceeded upon the theory that all our nation demands or expects is the building of the biggest battleships in order to gratify a boyish ambition to have something other nations do not possess, or we have proceeded upon the theory that the mere building of these great fighting machines would have the effect of affording pfotection by scaring the other fellow. A more disgraceful national spectacle than navy department having to summon twenty-eight foreign vessels to aid our sixteen battleships on their trip around the globe has never been witnessed by the American people. It was the result of our pursuing the policy in respect to the upbuilding of our Navy, of giv ing almost exclusive attention to the construction of battleships and and entirely ignoring the fact that in time of war they are our cruisers valueless unless they have a full complement of auxiliary vessels to accompany them with the means absolutely essential to their existence and their effectiveness as engines of war. This oversight may be due to the fact that these necessary vessels do not involve the expenditure of so much money and would not have afforded so good an opportunity as battleships for a pyrotechnic display upon the ocean or at some Summer resorts along our coasts in the past several years. NEW INTERSTATE LIQUOR LAW During the last days of the preceding congress additional sec tions were inserted in the new penal code for the purpose of checking interstate traffic in liquors in prohibition States or in "dry" counties where local option prevails. It is difficult to make such legislation effective without running counter to the decisions of the United States Supreme Court, declaring that congress has not authority to forbid common carriers to deliver to the citizen of a State liquors consigned to him and actually his property. Whether the new- sections of the penal code will stand the tests it unlawful for of the courts any officer, agent or employe of any railroad company, express company or other common carrier to deliver any intoxicating liquor to any person except upon a written order from such per result of shipment from one State to another. The pen fine of not more than $5,000 son, as a alty for violating this provision is a imprisonment for not more than two years, or both. Another section forbids any common carrier, in connection with the transportation of intoxicating liquors, to collect the purchase price of such liquors or in any manner act as agent of the buyer seller of such liquors. This provision, if carried out, will break up a practice that has been largely and profitably indulged in by express companies in prohibition States. Violations are to be punished by a fine of not more than $5,000. A third section with a similar penalty makes it unlawfud for any person to ship from one State to another a package of intox icating liquor which does not show the name of the consignee, the nature of the contents and the quantity contained therein. The duty of enforcing the foreging provisions has been imposed upon the Interstate Commerce Commission—a body already largely overburdened with work. Why was not the enforcement of the new law committed to the Department of Justice with its force of United States District Attorneys? or It seems inevitble that Joseph Simon will be elected mayor of Port are three candidates to divide the opposition, vote. land, as there Under the circumstances Simon will doubtless get a majority over all [> incentive to the opponents of his ring methods to get full vote, judge Munly. the Democratic candidate is a reput »f fair standing, but has no particular element of Kelliher. the two independent candidates would as there is n< out a able lawyer Albe or strength. , be formidable if either would withdraw in favor ot the other, but a , it is the reform vote will be hoplessly divided and the old-time political toss will secure the election. Mr. Simon is a capable man. | >ut his abilities in the past have always been used for his own and never for the commn weal. That the Oregon aggrandizement . , metropolis should turn to him is somewhat on a par with the people to toss rule after a herculean attempt of Philadelphia returning to overthrow the same. Front street is to be paved from Tenth to Sixteenth, and Six from Front to Main, and Fifteenth for half- a block The material used will be a concrete mixture and teentli street north of Front. . t , n the total expense of this improvement will reach approximately $40. OOffi | , | WHY JAPS ARE HATED MAGAZINE WRITER SHOWS UP SOME REASONS FOR CALIFORNIA'S ANTIPATHY Will Irwin contributes an article to the current Pearson's under the title "Why the Pacific Slope Hates the Japanese," which gives some interesting facts regarding the invasion of California by the Nipponese. After an introductory dealing briefly with the anti Chinese agitation, the article proceeds in part as follows : And then the Japanese came. As they also were people of a yellow skin, as they also were begging for common labor, the farmers of California welcomed them as the togical substitute for the Chinese, and set them to work. The farmers were only a few seasons in learning their mistake. As much as the Chinese is honest, just so much is the Japanese dishonest. As much as the Chinese is contented, unambitious and un stable. just so much is the Japanese discontented, ambitious and un stable. From their own point of view .there is no comparison to tween the efficiency of the Japanese and the Chinese: because they are ambitious, dis contented and unstable, they have made a modern state out of a medieval kindgom in fifty years. But the Califorian was looking at them from his point of view, weighing their qualities as serfs. The Japanese began by underbidding the Chinese on prices— which suited the farmer, though it brought a justifiable howl from the Causasian latoring men. That did not last long. It became plain that the Japanese were working together with the cohesion of a lator union against the Chinese. Invading a district which the Chinese held as their own, they would offer to work for a half a dollar a day cheaper. The Chinese, thus underbid, would pack up and They did not have to look far for work, so high is their move on reputation in California; they preferred to get out rather than com Those who lingered were usually abused by the'Japanese, who pete. are fighters by instinct while the Chinamen are men of peace. Then, when the Japanese had the territory to themselves, they A gang would go to work in the would make a change of front, picking season at the regular market price for help. In the middle of the season, and when help was hard to get. they would suddenly— and entirely in disregard of their agreements—strike for higher wages—all "the wages that the traffic would !>ear. The farmer, with the prospect of a ruined crop before him. usually yielded. A season or two of this, and then the Japanese would adopt new tactics. Cer tain Chinese had made small fortunes by buying fruit on the trees— whole crops—and harvesting it on speculation. A good gambler, the Chinaman would stay by the results of his speculation, picking and paying just as faithfully if a turn in the weather brought a reduced crop as he would if the crop came up to expectations, ese, when they had control of the district, would announce the adop tion of this plan: owner after owner, upon going to the "head Jap" for hrs season's help, would be told that the Japanese wanted to lease his orchard for a three or five year term. If he refused, he The japan In manv districts. would find no Japanese would work for him. the whites, by getting such other labor as they could, kept up the fight In others, tht Japanese took over the land. against this system. The most conspicuous example of this tendency, the one most often quoted in condemnation of the Japanese .is the \ aca \ alley, about fifty miles inland from San Francisco. produce more deciduous fruit than any other land in Cali The Japanese marked it for their own, and they practically Acre for acre, this little dis trict can tornia. got it. Ten years ago, Vacaville was a lively American town. Now the white residents are an island in the midst of the Japanese, their impermanence, their haste to get everything out of the land that they can, the Japanese are ruining the Vacaville orchards which they have leased—since an orchard can be ruined in a few years if the primers and pickers do not take care of the upkeep, ether generation of trees to bring \ aca ville back to the production which was once her boast. With It will take an And the latest news from Vacaville is that the Japanese whose three and five year leases have run out are Vacaville is the most conspicu moving on to skin another district. example; but the Japanese have adopted the same policy in parts of the rich Santa Clara Valle}' and of the Fresno grape country. which furnishes half the American sweet ous In that grape country and nearly all the American raisins—Oriental laborers are The grapes grow on ground vines, near the No Caucasian assumes that attitude wines almost a necessity. earth; the picker must stoop, naturally, while ft is native to the Oriental, anese picker can harvest three times as many grapes in a day as the l>est laborer of European stock. The Chinaman, in the old days, had A good Chinese or Jap The rather indolent Californian This that grape harvest for his own. rancher took to farming out his crop to Chinese head men. system worked beautifully, owing to the honesty their willingness to stick by a contract w hether it turned out well or When the Japanese came .they acted as they did at Vacaville— first they underbid, and then they reached out for leases and con But usually they did not stick to losing agreements, when those agreements were secured by bond, the only laborers available, what with the thinning out the Chinese, the Fresno farmers had to get along w ith them as best they could and there followed several years of industrial trouble. It was im possible for the Japanese to tie up Fresno as they did Vacaville, for the Fresno country is too wide and rich and the whites are too well intrenched in their property; but they did reduce production and profits. Within the past two years, they have started to buy valuable (Continued on Page 4.) >f the Chinese, not. even Because thev were tracts.