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» The Willamette valley, between the coast range and the Cascade moun tains, through which the Willamette river courses northward to the Colum bia, from its source south of the Dia mond peak in the Cascades, and unites below the pretty little city of Eugene with the McKenzie river, flowing west ward from the Cascades, is the oldest settled country in the northwestern states. This valley, blessed by a plen tiful supply of moisture and a produc tive soil, attracted thousands of hardy immigrants from the east and an over flow of California miners from the south, and soon became known as the most productive agricultural regions of the west, aud is still known as a land of plenty. When Oregon was admitted as a state into the Union, in 1859, Salem was selected as her capital, and her legislature wisely decided to establish her principal then existing state insti tutions at the same place. Thus Salem became the seat of the law making and executive departments of the state, aud the home, as well, of her great educa tional institution, the Oregon State University, her insane asylum and her state penitentiary. All of these insti tutions were accorded liberal appor tionments of grounds in aud around the city, so planned that each of them presents an attractive and rather an imposing view to visitors. The large, beautiful, and well constructed Btate capital, in the center of the city,, is lo cated in a weil kept park, with lawns, shrubbery and shade on all sides. The U. 8. government building and post office is located on a square next south, while on the square next south of this stands a beautiful white build ing, the court house. They all present the appearance of occupying one and the same beautifully planned aud *ept park. The insane asylum and the peniten tiary are located on the southern bor der of the city, each with their large buildiugs, occupying ample grounds, presenting fine landscape views, with shade trees, lawns and shrubbery. The business portiou of Salem is lo cated on the east side, fronting the park and public buildings and a cross street, further south, running east and west. These streets boast ' of mauy substantial business buildings, aud at least two flue hotels—both to be grate fully remembered by the Idaho press excursionists for the fine dinners they were provided—and the large Salem brewery, where the beer is brewed "which makes Milwaukee jealous." The brewery managers tapped a barrel of—glasses for the crowd, and every one carried away a souvenir. Some of the men found other sorts of barrels on tap and would -have carried away jags had they been allowed to linger long enough about this attractive place. Salem is a city containing about the same number of inhabitants as Boise. Its people whom we met are the same class of big-minded, open-hearted peo ple one meets in so mauy western towns. The city is the center and trading point of a wide and very pro ductive agricultural country, where raising hops aud fruit are leadiug in dustries. The city has a fine electric street car system, leading out to all the state institutions. The residence portious of the city spread out in several directions from the business center, and the houses occupy usually such ample grounds that they have the appearance of coun try homes. The creeks flowing through aud around the city give the place an ample supply of pure water. The Idaho Press Association could not leave Salem without the members carrying with them grateful remem brances for the courtesies the mayor and other prominent citizens showed them. Dr. S. C. Leono.rd. Dr. S. C. Leonard, dentist, scientist, lecturer, archaeologist, patron of the Wisconsin University, explorer of the ancient oliff dwellers' homes iu Arizo na, who has calculated the date of their existence by counting the processious of the equinoxes, breeder ot hunting dogs, hunter, fisherman, a man well up iu the history of mauy things ancieut or curious, has been stopping, with his guu?, dogs aud fishing tackle, at Stan ley and Iledfish lakes ibis summer, bontemplating the woudrous beauties of Nature's wildness and drinking iu inspiration for a book he is writing tell of his travels, observations aud ex periences. Everybody who knows Doc Leonard and not to know him argues one's self uuknown— will want to read that wou (>• derful book, when published, if it be written as well as he talks, for "His talk is like some stream whioh runs With rapid pace from rocks to roses; Is slipped from paradise to puus, Or passed from Mahomet to Moses. Beginning with the laws which keep The planets in their radiant courses, And ending with some precept deep On skinning eels or shoeing horses.'' Seventy-two years old, the doctor can stand flatfooted on the ground and turn a summersault like a lad of twen ty. Hale, hearty, and always in a good humor, Doctor Leonard has kept him self young by always living close to Nature and communing with Nature's God, with, the greater portion of the time, onlv the canopy of his camp wagon or the star studded greater can opy of the cerulean vault above him, and his horses and dogs for compan ions. Once in a while he mingles with the denizens of towns and cities, to let the people absorb a little of his wis dom and the lore which he has gath ered in his travels, but this is seldom. Once actuated by patriotic impulses, he deigned to accept the speakership of the third house of the Idaho legisla ture. True Spirit °f Idahoan. A recent issue of the Portland Tele gram contained the following very complimentary article concerning the Idaho exhibit at tbe fair: If the legislators of Idaho, when making an appropriation for the Idaho eqhibit at the Lewis aud Clark expos ition. haii had in mind solely the bene fits to come to that state in the way of immigration aud inv. stment of capi tal, they could not have outlined a bet ter character of display than the one whith causes so mauy favorable com. parisons when the Gem estate building is visited. In "playing" for the home seeker, if that was really the purpose of the exhibit made, Idaho has singu larly and happily combined grouping with artistic taste and actual quality. As a result, superintendents of var ious exhibits report that quite a few home-huuters from the middle west are going directly from the fair to Ida ho, while it is estimated that directly and indirectly the state's exposition showing will be the means of adding several thousand to its population be fore 1907. No attempt was made by Idaho to have sectioual or county lines drawn, or to have tbe general display show one county up above another. The building aud its contents were designed for the good of tbe state as a whole. Ore was brought iu in such quautities and carrying such values that the min ing man coming to the building is held there in spite of himself. With the educational exhibit, in which a larger portion of the counties is represented than iu any other departmeut except possibly mines, it is a case of serving double purpose—that of showing pos sible settlers that all tue advantages of schooling they had back borne would be available iu the Gem State, and that of encouraging visiting pedagogues to take up their lot iu Idaho. From nine to twelve teachers a day Huger in the educational departmeut, presided over by Miss Gustison, prin cipal of tbe Liucolu school in Boise, aud from the number and nature of the inquiries made, a satisfactory per centage of these seem to have decided to apply for positions iu the slate. A welcome awaits them, as Idaho is not yet overburuened with professional trainers of youth. The Idaho fair commission feels it has attained a great deal in presentiug a compact exhibit. The members say it is time enough to iuject the "local" idea when people are ready to start to look the state over. A middle west farmer, spending an hour iu the agri cultural exhibit, goes away with a clear idea of just what quantity and quality of grains Idaho produces, tue state be ing considered a stronger drawing oard than the locality. The horticultural display is kept con stantly replenished by fresh consign ments of fruit, aud since these pro ducts began to come iu floor space is taxed to the utmost. Iu the past few weeks, flour, mauy varieties of nuts, tobacco, wiues, comb honey, melons, additional school exhibits, several kinds of vegetables, wood aud several other specimens of resources have been brought in. A Negro Millionaire. The only negro millionaire iu Ameri ca atteuded the New York convention of negro business men, which was in session there during last week. He is P. J. Groves of Grovestown, Kansas, aud is known as the "potato kiug." Mr. Groves practically established the town which now bears his name. He owns nearly all the telephone, street railway and banking properties of the town, and besides has thousands of acres of land under cultivation in the surrounding country. The black Rockefeller is a man who dislikes to talk about himself. He at tributes his success as a business man to the fact that he started with a small tract of land, gradually built up an im mense plantation, the whole devoted to the cultivation of potatoes, and man aged the business himself in detail. He profited by his mistakes in early life, and now, at 45, is the richest negro in the world. Mr. Groves says that the conditions of the American negro is improving. He thinks that the black race grows better as the idea of self reliance is im pressed upon it. He favors education and cites cases to show where entire settlements of negroes are improved by the addition of one black doctor or lawyer. Mr. Groves laid the foundation of his fortune in the potato busiuess, and to day is the largest individual shipper of pototoes in America. His shipments last year were in the neighborhood of a thousand car loads, and found buyers all over the United States, Mexico and Canada. Lega.1 Notices. Notice to Creditors. Estate of Christian Baltzer, an incompetent person. Notice is hereby given by the undersigned, guardian of the person and estate of Christian Baltzer, an incompetent person,*to the creditors of, and all persons having claims against the said Christian Baltzer, to exhibit them with the necessary vouchers, within ten months after the first publication of this notice, to the said guardian, at his residence at Bruneau, Idaho, the same being the place for the transaction of the b siness of said estate. Dated July 24, 190.). John Mitchell, Guardian. 10-5t E. M. Wolfe. Attorney for Guardian. Notice for Publication. Department of the Interior, Land Office at Boise, Idaho, July 20,1905. Notice is hereby given that the following named settler has filed notice of his intention ake final that said proo and Receiver, U. 8. Land Office, Boise, on September 5. 1905, viz: JOHN M. MORGAN, H. E. No. 4097, for the NE V 4 SWbi, SE»4 NW*. SV£ NEU, Sec. 4, Tp. 5 S., R. 1 W., Boise Meridian. He names the following witnesses to prove his continuous residence upon aud cultivation of «aid laud, viz: Thomas Penrose, John W. Rowzee. Vernon N. Pool, John Matthews, all of Oreana, Idaho. Harry J. Syms, Register. r roof in support of his claim, and will be made before the Register Idaho. to 10 - Notice to Creditors. Estate of William J. Clegg, deceased. Notice is hereby given by the undersigned, administrator of the estate of William J. Clegg, deceased, to the creditors of, and all persons having claims against the said deceased, to ex hibit them with the necessary vouchers, within ten months after the first publication of this notice, to the said administrator, at his resi dence in Pleasant ' Valley, Owyhee county, Idaho, the same being the place lor the trans action of the business of said estate. Dated August 17, 1905. Philip Clegg, Administrator. J. F. Nugent, Attorney for Admiirstrator. 13-5 3 JUST RECEIVED A New Line of finds ® Gloves and a Fresh Line of Groceries Will M ake the Prices the Lowest Have a full line of AMMUNITION... C. M. Caldwell o t> % The DEWEY DAIRY ser-i *ure Cream and Milk delivered every morniug to Silver City and other camps. Bottle System Adopted. W. W. BARTOW, Proprietor PROFESSIONAL CARDS f THOS. PARKER, M. I). PHYSICIAN & SURGEON Calls answered any hour of the day or nicht. De Lamar. Idaho K. C. Cunniiig-liatn ATTORNEY AND COUNSELOR Office near Idaho Hotel. Prompt and careful attention given to all legal business Silver City, Idaho W. R. HAMILTON, M. I>. PHYSICIAN AND 8URGEON Idaho Silver Citt, DR. F. S. HEER —DENTIST— SILVER CITY, IDAHO JOHN F. NUGENT ATTORN E Y-AT-LAW SILVER CITY IDAHO JOHN LAMB NOTARY PUBLIC SILVER CITY, IDAHO. r George O. Sampson LIVERYMAN -RROPRIETOR OF MURPHY, SILVER CITY, DEWEY and DELAMAR STAGE LINES best facilities for transportation between the railway ter minus to and from Silver City, DeLamar, or other points in Owyhee. Keep good mountain rigs, with good stock aud Careful Drivers. Stables at Silver City and Murphy Proprietor Georg-e O. Sampson J ..The Capitol Hotel.. BOISE CITY , IDAHO FIRST-CLASS THROUGHOUT HEADQUARTERS FOR. OWYHEEITES ^ ^ Ng Manager fUAJVK -BLACKIJVGEK^ THE BEST EQUIPPED HOSTELRY IN OWYHEE COUNTY T5/?e DEWEY HOTEL DEWEY. IDAHO HEATED THROUGHOUT BY STEAM. LIGHTED BY ELECTRICITY. MARK COLBORxV Proprietor S _A_ L O O 1ST Eating House Sc Peed. Barn Is now prepared to furnish first-class meals and lodging for man and beast Wines Liquors cigars L SOCIETY CARDS K nights of pythias, silver city Lodge No. 25, K. of P. Regular meetings every Tuesday evening at 7:80, in Masonic Hall. All brethern in good standing are cordially in vited to attend. August Crete, C. C. John Grete, K. of R. and 8. C YRUS CHAPTER NO 2, R. A. M.—Meets every fourth Wednesday of each months. So journing companions cordially invited to attend R. H. Britt, Ex. H. P. R. H. Leonard, Jr., Secretary. S ILVER CITY LODGE NO. 13. A. F. & A. M Meets the Second Wednesday of each month. Sojourning brethern cordially incited to attend. Frederic Irwin, W. M. J. 8. St. Clair, Secretary. K NIGHTS OF PYTHIA8, DELAMAR LODGE, No. 29. Meetings Tuesday evenings at 7:00 p. m. in Castle Hall. H. 8. Simmons, K. of R. and S. Mike Walls, C. C. U LLA REBEKAH LODGE, NO. 31, meet« the second and fourth Wednesday in each month at Odd Fellow's Hall. Visiting members in good standing cordially invi ted. Dorothy Hklm. Secretary. Mrs. T. D. Farrar, N. G. O WYIIEE LODGE NO. 2, I. O. O. F., Silve City, Idaho. Meets every Friday uight. Sojourning Brethern always welcome. C. G. Breedlove, N. G. R. H. Leonard, Jr., Secretary -~ - F lorida mountain lodge no. 42 k. of P., meets every Wednesday at theii Castle Hall, in Dewey, Idaho. Visiting brothers are cordially invited. William Inglis, K. of R. and S. W. H. Best. O.C.