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The Business men who puts his advertisement in The Gem Worker shows his good will towards or ganised labor—and is entitled to the patronage of all union men and women desirous of building up a labor paper of influence and high standing in the community. Keep this fact in mind and watch us , grow. Ç V I The reader can do more than any one else to build up The Gem Worker. Just say to the dealer "I saw your advertisement in paper." Then he will know that organized labor is back of the movement to give Boise a labor paper that will merit the patronage and good will of every business man in the community. *** ***** » » -i-r^rifVu v V Lnni-ü-ü- u- u our 0 i Successor to the IDAHO LABOR HERALD BOISE, IDAHO, DECEMBER 31, 1914 Vol. II. No. 31.) ( $1.00 Per Year. 5c a Copy D. S. Commission Defines Various Causes For Industrial Unrest Examine More Than Five Hundred Witnesses of all Classes and Creeds, From New York to San Francisco—Finds Deplorable Distrust of the Law, the Courts and the Officers The wisdom is questioned of an investigation to be conducted by the United States commission on indus trial relations into the motives that •prompted men like Rockefeller and Carnegie to engage in gigantic philan throphy. The proposed New York hearing, however, is but a lateral vein to the larger lead into which the com mission has been drilling for more than a year. Congress created this commission two years ago and appropriated a fund that became available 1913. In an endeavor to find the of industrial discontent, the October 22, causes commission lias conducted hearings in many cities, from New York to San ^Francisco, and taken testimony of more than 500 witnesses. It has in vited the views of employers, work economists, men, trades unionists, public officials and social and civic workers, and the results of its extend ed investigations are now embodied in its first and preliminary report. It finds subtsantial agreement on the following causes: A world-wide movement arising from a desire for better living con ditions; advanced by representa tives of labor, socialists and em ployers and generally indorsed. A protest against Low wages, long hours and improper working con ditions in many industries advanced by practically all labor representa tives and assented to by many cm Tloyers. A desire on the part of the work ers for a voice in the determination of conditions under which they la bor, and a revolt against arbitrary treatment of individual workers and a suppression bf organization; y almost uniformaly approved by la bor witnesses. Unemployment and the insecurity of employment; generally advanced. Unjust distribution of the pro ducts of industry; advanced by most labor representatives and agreed to by most employers. Misunderstanding and prejudice; agreed to by employers and em ployes. Agitation and agitators; advanced l>y employers, defended by labor re representing and others as a neces sary means of education. The rapid rise in prices as com pared with wages. The rapidly growing feeling that redress for injuries and oppression can not be secured through existing institutions. Agreement General That Unions are Necessary. In large part nothing new is reveal ed in these conclusinos. Two points, however, stand out in clearer relief than they have ever been revealed be fore, The first is that the general principle of collective bargaining by unions and employers' associations was approved by nearly every witness. Only the representatives of the I. W, W. dissented, and they advanced the untenable contention that while it is desirable to conduct negotiations with employers to secure the best terms for the workers, resulting agreements need not be respected by the contract ing workers when they appeared con ^trary to their interests. ■■ Only chaos come out of that doc- | trine, for the right of one side to ! violate its agreements would carry I a like right to the other side, and agreements made in that spirit would better be left unmade. Industral chaos, however, is the avowed goal of the 1. W. W., a fact that is bringing that organization into increasing dis favor with reputable trades unionists. Finds Deplorable Lack of Confidence in the Law. The grave feature of the report is the conclusion that there is a "rapidly growing feeling that redress for in juries and oppression can not be se cured through existing institutions"— that is through the law and the agen cies of the law. says the report j ''are equally insistent that the law, j the police and the courts have ceased of "Many employers,' to give them a proper measure protection in their property interests, I The law, they say, is being rapidly ! shaped to serve the selfish interest of j the working class; the police, under the alleged domination of the unions, j refuse to arrest strikers, even when they openly commit crimes, and the courts, moreover, are becoming more and more subservient to the workers." i is On this point the commission itself seems not clear, for it asks the ques-j tion whether or not the legal machin ery is no longer applicable to eco nomic conditions, or whether the trou uVzJ",2 meaning of inalienable rights. The report is signed by Frank P. Walsh of Kansas City, chairman; Pro fessor John R. Cummons of Madison, Wis., Mrs. J. Borden Harriman of New York city; Harris Weinstock of San Francisco; S. Thurston Ballard of Louisville, John B. Lennon of Bloomington, 111., James O'Connell of Washington, D. C., and Austin B. Gar retson of Cedar Rapids, Iowa. Final judgments and recommenda ■tions are reserved for a concluding report which, under the law, must be made in congress before next August. Public Slow to Study Reports of Com mission. A discouraging fact about these ex tended investigations is the public's disinclination to study the published reports and conclusions. Ex-Presi dent Taft drew attention to this weak ness in an address last week. There is before congress, always, he said, an amazing bulk of official reports which even congressmen will not read or study. Committees and commissions are passing constantly from one in quiry to another. Their hearings are usually attended by insignificant audi ences; the press reports are necessa rily limited and read only by a por tion of the readers in the local field, before the reports can be put into printed form, public interest has gone trailing off after something more nov el and of fresher general interest. It is easy to understand how the soldiers might get cold feet in the trenches under such a severe dom bardment. There is every indication that,a lctf of people will g,et on skates on New Years day. DAME EUROPE NEEDS THE DOCTOR BADLY. W'A t. if \ v bJL &/ ) ft \ \ \ 1/ ST r ► J 5 —Barclay in Baltimore 8un BURLEY SUGAR FACTORY CLOSES A GOOD SEASON The sugar factory shut down after a 72 day run of the most successful season in its history. Owing to the j frozen condition of the last beets run j the factory had to continue a few j^sys longer than was thought neces sary a week ago. I 1 ° tl'' s community the factory has ! proven a great benefit and it will be j greater benefit in the years to fol j heen run this season, an increase over y* ar °f from 520 to 640 tons per ' It is estimated that next season i w '" 80 to 70,000 tons for the season. The production of sugar for the low. Nearly 50,(XX) tons of beets have seaso1 * over 100,000 sacks, . ___ _. „ _ _ _ _ _ WAGES NOT TO BE reduced says gary| New York.—There will be no gen eral reduction in wages by the United States Steel corporation at the pres ent time, according to an announce ment made today by Judge Elbert H, Gary, chairman of the corporation, after a meeting of the corporation's finance committee. There will, how ever, be some readjustments in the pay of skilledwork on a lower basis. Judge Gary issued the following statement: .. After giving careful considera tion to the subject, it has been de cided to make no general reduc tion in the wages of employees of the United States Steel cor poration at this time. There will probably be some readjustments in the amounts paid for skilled labor or piece work, depending upon special conditions. In view of the general depres sion in business which has been experienced for some time, de creases in the general wage scale have seemed ienvitable and im minent, but it has been determin ed to continue the existing scale for the present, at least, with the hope that the improvement in business will be realized. Already there are some evid ences of a change for the better. Although the statement does not explicitly say that the readjustments in the pay of skilled labor or piece work will be on a lower basis, it was explained in behalf of the cor poration that such was a natural as sumption. The skilled laborers on the rolls of the corporation number about 10 per cent of the more than 200,000 employees and are among the highest paid. ; 1 he farmers have received for their beets laborers in the field have ed large amount in wages front the receiv sugar company. The factory has employed about 2<X) men at an average salary of $3.00 per day, which means for 73 days pay roll of $43.800, mostly spent in Burley. There is a steady force, dur ing the year of 40 men. All this, together with the enor a mous number of cattle, hogs, and sheep that are annually shipped in and fed here on tjje bi-products of the factory, is doing much to help build up Burley and to enrich our far mers. TRUCE IN LABOR WAR AT STOCKTON | j e( j The labor war which has been 4 wag at Stockton, Cal., for the past four months was ended Monday night ac cording to press dispatches, both the uniong and the M erchant9i Manufac | turers an(J Employers' Association | unanimously ratilk . (1 the work of thdr respective committees. It is agreed that all business houses | in the city be declared fair by the | unions. It is further agreed that no changes will be made by any of the employers in matters pertaining to wages and hours and that the schcedules in effect before the trouble shall remain in ef fect. it ; 1 % Such men as have been employed by the firms whose union men left them will be retained by the employ ers, but as fast as vacancies occur the former union employes will be re employed. For the handling of all future dif ferences between the employes and the employers a committee of six has been appointed. Baltimore.—The Baltimore Ameri can comments as follows on future immigration to this country: ''Immigration officials and others who are in a position to obtain ad vance information are of the opinion that at the close of the European war, or before the close, if it is possible to get over to this side before the war ends, there will be a rush of Europeans to the United States pass ing by far all previous records. From Russia. Poland. Austria. Belgium, and even from Germany, this peaceful in vasion will be coming, say those who undertake to speak with some degree of authority upon this matter." Ten Dollars—Minimum Wage for Boys and Girls 16 to 18 Years The Minimum Wage Commission at Olpmpia, Washington has Established $10 as the Weekly Minimum Wa^e f for Girls and Women Law to Become Effective February 20 Olympia.—The minifnum wage com mission has established $10 as the weekly minimum wage for women and girls employed in offices in any kind of clerical work, effective February 20. Eight dollars was established as a minimum for office boys, and girls over 16 years, but under 18, and $6 for both sexes ttnder 16. The minor regulations were adopted on the strength of argument present ed at the recent office help wage con ference that boys and girls needed the protection of an adequate wage dur DAMNABLE PLAN WOULD BE BEHER TO DESTROY Organized labor of New York is vigorously protesting against cata loguing employes by means of the j Bertillion finger-print system for the ; use of industrial insurance companies. ! The cards issued by the New York insurance companies require employes j to fill out blanks, giving the color of j their hair and eyes, their height and j weight, and a definite space is pro vided on the cards for the prints of j the first three fingers, similar to the cards used by police headquarters. At vigorous protest is also being made | against the requirement that women shall undergo a physical examination after being laid off for, tw'o weeks. This is a damnable plan and work ing men and women should not sub mit to it at all. It is better to de stroy it at once and forever. Along with this system .of identification should go the private insurance coih panies, jös 'yell. The state industrial insurance should supersede all others. MINERS SHOULD STAY AWAY FROM COLORADO | | Six thousand striking' coal miners, who for fifteen months have fought losing in the conflict, 34 inçn, women and children, murdered by the tools of corporate greed, have ended their strike and are applying for their old places in the mines. If the laboring men of the country | will stay away from Colorado, most of these strikers will be able to se cure work. These coal miners have I , , ,, , j « , , . fought the battle of the laboring class I j I 1 of the nation against Standard Oil. Most of you have aided splendidly, both morally and financially. The biggest thing you can do for them now is to stay away from Colorado I and let them secure their old jobs. Walter H. Fink, director of publicity. * EXPOSITION WILL BE KEPT _ OPEN SUNDAYS ._ San Francisco.—There will be no Sunday closing at the Panama-Pacific exposition. President C. C. Moore has announced that the gates to the grounds and the doors of all exhibit places will be open every day from Feb. 20 to Dec. 4. AH exhibit places except those of Fine Arts and Horti culture, however, will be closed at sunset every day. » A hearing of hotel employees on the a chambermaid wage regulation pro posed by the recent conference ing the period from the time they pass out from the school law until they come under the adult minimum wage law. was held on December 28. It appears probable that the mendations that women be barred from employment as cigar clerks in hotels will be ignored, though such a ruling may be made applicable to minor girls. recont IMPORTANT MAHER BEFORE COMMISSION Early in January at Boise the Public Utilities Commission will hold a hear j ing and pass upon laws governing ; overhead construction of power and ! telephone lines. The American Telegraph and Tele j phone Company, The Oregon Short j Line Railway Company, the Idaho j Bower & Light Men's Association have submitted rules and regulations, j Idaho will be present to see that the interests of the small utility company | in struggling communities are protect A strong, representation from North ed against the passage of rules favor able to the wealthy foreign corpora tions. Electricity has done more for the development of North Idaho than any other single factor and to curtail its use by needless expensive construc tion would be a step backward in stead of forward. The forthcoming hearing before Public Utilities Commission regard ing the promulgation of a set of rules governing overhead Construction of power and telephone lines is a matter of vital importance to the citizens of North Idaho as well as to the differ ent utilities affected. Once a set of rules are past ups ön they become laws and if hurredly passed without due consideration of the rights of alk parties concerned may work an unnecessary hardship and expense upon. the utilities and eventually upon the consumer. -t | I , , , , . . , electricity should not be lost sight of, I , , , . . and the cost of construction kept as low as possible. j Rules tilgt will adequately protêt^ I the public and employes should be in sisted upon, but the enormous devel opment of the country in the farming 1 and mining communities by the use of I The Wealthy foreign corporations should not be permitted to benefit at the cost of local struggling communi ties.— Coeur d'Alene. Review, ATTEND LABOR CONFERENCE Officials of Railway Engineers Goes to Chicago Meeting to attend con ferences relative to a settlement of the arbitration on working conditions and wages of engineers and firemen of the western railroads, G. Ö. Barnhart, head of the engineers for the Oregon Washington Railroad & Navigation company, passed through the city yes terday en route for Chicago. The con ferences of the arbitrators are to be resumed January 4, when more testi mony will be taken.