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Advertising is what makes a paper pay and our readers can aid us greatly in the upbuilding of a loyal labor paper in Boise by read ing our advertising columns, and when making purchases, saying "I saw your advertisement in The Gem Worker, and realized you Ig&lwanted the trade of the working "people." The Gem Worker is proving to be a winner—both with the Labor Unions and with the Boise busi ness men. is growing rapidly and is covering the entire State of Idaho; and Boise's business men are quick to show their esteem for labor's cause by using labor's paper an advertising medium. Our subscription list r ; If. 1 J i |i; LI. j i; L lil Ith^njlullmnil Vol. II. No. 37.) BOISE, IDAHO, FEBRUARY 11, 1915 ( $1.00 Per Year. 5c a Copy ( $1.00 Per Year. 5c a Copy ADA COUNTY GRANGE ASKS FOR JUSTICE FINES FOR GUMSHOES :jS0 Resolutions Adopted at Ada County Pomona Grange, February 4, 1915. Resolved, That the Ada County Grange urges upon the State Legisla ture the creation of a State Depart ment of Agriculture and that Horti cultureral, Fish and Game, Pure Food, Veterinary and Health Departments be merged into the Department of Agriculture. If we fail to have the Agricultural Department establishment as herein asked for, we ask for the following amendments to the Law. Whereas, the Horticultural Laws of Idaho at present on the statute books are .unsatisfactory to the fruit growers of the state though possibly satis factory to the state board of horti culture; and Whereas, Section 16 discriminates in favor of the man with money and therefore unjust; and Whereas, Section 17 is not enforced in the case of big shippers inasmuch as it is a notorious fact that they have been shipping infected fruit; and Whereas, it is a notorious fact that sttch fruit is sold in many orchards; and Horticulture j I Whereas, said Section 17 is con trary to the 14th amendment to the Constitution of the United States in as much as it "abridges the privileges of citizens of the United States" and virtually "deprives them of property without due process of law;" there fore It is resolved by the Ada County Pomona Grange assembled in Merid ian this 4th day of February, 1915, that our Legislative Committee take steps to have the law amended with the following amendments. Horticultural Laws of Idaho. Section 1. And in making said ap pointments the Governor shall give due consideration "to the recommen dations of the State Horticultural As ^gpation (then strike out "as the proper persons to be appointed.") Section 3. The Governor of the State and Board shall appoint a State Horticultural Inspector "who must have passed a strict examination in theory and practice as to insect pests, plant and tree diseases and their pective remedies conducted under the Commissioner of Education in con junction with the members of the Idaho .College of Agriculture." He shall receive a salary of Fifteen Hun dred dollars ($1500.) p<r annum (here "at the discretion of the board) * and be allowed actual travel ing expenses. The board shall also divided the state into districts and res strike out powers to such a board. LABOR GETS FRUIT OF TOIL Chicago.—In an address in this city, Speaker Champ Clark, of the House of Representatives, expressed the hope that the statecraft, humanitar ianism, and religion of the twentieth century will devise a scheme whereby every man and woman shall enjoy the fruits of their own labor and prevent any one from monopolizing the toil of thousands. ''In 113 years our total wealth multi plied 125-fold, and is now rated at the TO CARE FOR CHILDREN Jefferson City, Mo.—A bill has been introduced in both houses of the state legislature authorizing school offici als in cities of 50,000 or over to pro vide clothing, and shoes for children between the ages of six and twenty, when parents are unable to provide these necessities. Only two cities will be effected if the bill becomes a law, St. Louis and Kansas City. It is pro posed, however, to extend the plan to smaller cities, once the law is in op eration. CONTRACTORS ARE FINED Austin, Tex.—The Topeka Bridge and Steel company pleaded guilty to three charges of violating the state eight-hour law. Fines that totaled $450 were imposed. ' the State Horticulture Inspector shall appoint subject to the continuation of the board "and of the Governor, a Deputy State Horticultural Inspec tor or Inspectors for each district so established, if necessary" (Then strike out "The person or persons so ap pointed"-to to" and substitute the following) The person or persons so appointed must previous to appointment pass an ex amination similar to, and conducted in the same manner as, that taken by the State Inspector. Their jurisdic tion shall be limited to their respec tive districts. State and district in spectors shall hold their office" (Strike out "during, ^he pleasure of the board" and sub ^ate) as long as their work is satisfactorily performed. (Let rest of section stand as at pres ent.) incident there Section 4. (Strike out "to six dol lars" and "at the discretion of the board." (Rest of section to remain.) Section 5. About the middle of section "The Inspector shall require such person or persons" (here strike out "to eradicate or destroy" and sub stitute "to take such measures ap proved by horticultural experts shall destroy and keep in control" said injurious pests and insects, etc. j In paragraph — "after having noti I lied as above to" (here strike out "eradicate and destroy" and insert take such approved measures as shall destroy and keep in control the same. Section 16. Strike out entirely; Section 17. Strike out entirely. Section 23. Strike out entirely. And change number of succeeding sections to suit. as Whereas the depredations of pre datory animals among our flocks and herds has become a serious menace to the animal and poultry industry of the state.; Be it therefore Resolved that Ada County Pomona Grange our legislature the passage of a law providing for a bounty of Two and one-half dollars ($2.50) each tes and proportionate amounts on all predatory animals. urge upon on coyo Resolved, That Ada County Grange objects not only to Senate Bill No. 21 amending the Peddlers' Act, but reservedly denounces, and asks for the repeal of the law now on the statute books as it prevents men in the city who are willing to work from making a living by agency work by selling farm products. Resolved, by Ada County Pomona Grange that we are absolutely opos ed the so called County Unit to trol the Rural Schools by a County Board of Education. We are opposed to taking from the people the right to vote on a school levy and giving such authocratic powers to such a board. nn or con enormous sum of $140,000,000,000," he declared. ed, would give $1,312 to every woman and child between the oceans. But there is the rub, for while a few are rich beyond the dreams of avarice, many have not the wherewithal to feed and clothe them selves. "The "This, if equally distribut man, two signs of the times indicate, however, that the hope of better dirions is not too fantastic for tainment." con enter (PROTECT FREE SPEECH Wheeling, W. Va.— Through the in fluence of organized labor, the build ers of a new city charter have strick en out the section which would give the common council the right to ordinances regulating street parades, demonstrations, public meetings, etc. The unionists insisted that the police power now in force was sufficient, and that legislation on this subject could be easily twisted to infringe on the right of free speech and free assembl age. pass NO CHANGE IN WAGES Toronto, Ontario.—Through the tivities of Toronto trade unionists the common council has refused to reduce the wages and shorten the hours qf casual workers employed by the city. ac FOR LOSS OF LIMBS .. #; ; ; ■> : ■■ ■ ■ . JOHN R. DERNIER I ficial limbs that would be serviceable, While engaged in working up on Idaho's State Capital build ing on March 5th, 1912, John R. Dernier, a stone cutter, was in jured by a failing stone weigh ing about four tons which other employes were attempting to move, and both legs were crush ed and the injured man removed to a hospital where ten separate operations were made in a fur tile effort to save the limbs, but amputation of both legs found necessary before he could leave the hospital on July 19th, 1913, a period of more than 16 months. The contractors, James Stewart ft Co., of New York, never paid one cent of damages nor in anywise contributed to the relief of the injured man. Mr. Dernier was advised by at torneys that as the Company was a New York concern and had no statutory agent in Idaho upon whom service could be se cured that he could not tue for damages.. The local stonecut ters' Union and the Boise Trades' Council alone have con tributed to Mr. Dernier's assist ance, but their resources were very limited, which has been all the help which he has received. His aged mother came to Boise in July, 1913, and took him to her humble home in Vermont, from which place he appeals to the citizens of Idaho for justice. I was Such in brief is the story of this unfortunate man in his appeal to the people of Idaho. A strong, robust man of 31 years stricken, through no fault of his own into helpless helplesness. In a letter to a friend in Boise Mr. Dernier states if he^had the money to visit the fac tory he might be fitted out with arti MUST CARE FOR INJURED Oklahoma, City, Okla.—The house of representatives of this state has passed a bill requiring all railroads operating in Oklahoma to maintain hospital facilities within the state. The bill is now before the senate. A similar provision was passed by both branches of the state legislature at its fourth session, but was vetoed by the governor. I ficial limbs that would be serviceable, j but he has not got it. His hospital and physician bills in Boise, aggregating a large are unpaid, and he sees ever amount no way of earning the money to pay them. It would seem that the great State I of Idaho should come to the relief I of Mr. Dernier as he was working j for a contractor for the State when 1 injured. An apprpriation should be j made that would set Mr. Dernier up I in some little business, if there be j such, that a man in his crippled j dition could attend to, or else an an nuity during his life time of a few hundred dollars should be granted I him to secure for him any Con a living. Who in all Idaho would exchange places with this patient sufferer in exchange for any pittance that the State may grant? There is justice in the claim which this man presents to the tives of the people of Idaho, for he is in this pitiful condition through fault of his own, and the State per mitted the contractors to undertake and complete the great work of build ing the State Capitol, without provision for the protection of in jured workmen. Doubtless it was an oversight upon the part of the State officials, but surely want one unfortunate laborer to suf fer for the lapse of the chosen officials of all of the people of the State. Members of labor unions especially should be active in behalf of Mr. Der nier, for - he représenta any no one would was a member in good standing of one of the unions and what befall any of our members at any time. Justici -plain, every day justice be tween man and man demands that the State of Idaho should come to the assistance of this patient, suffering man, whose whole life has been dark en«^ and whose helpless condition must last until death claims him. Justice! Gentleman of the Idaho Legislature. Do by this man as ye would be done by. ESTIMATE OF ROCKEFELLER Neijf York—"Mr. Rockefeller, who appears to the world in the relief af forded the Belgians a liberal bene factor, stands convicted before the workers of Colorado as a narrowly biased and visionless moneymaker," said Edward P. Costigan, counsel for the United Mine Workers, before the United States industrial relations commission. Olympia, Wash.—Senator John E. Campbell, the labor member from Snohomish county has introduced bid making those who engage in the work as privete detectives in this state felons, and liable to a fine of not less than $1,000 and imprisonment for a term of not less than two Campbell was particularly prompt ed to urge the enactment of a law at this time because of the presence of a number of Burns detectives who have been hovering about the capitol since the opening of the legislative session. years. These detectives ticularly active during the week that the Washington State Federation of Labor convention was in session here, although so far as that convention were par was concerned all its meetings, well as the committee meetings and caucuses, were wide open to the pub lic and there as was no opportunity for sleuthing. TYPOGRAPHICAL Indianopqdis.—The Typographical union International pays a mortuary benefit of $400 to members who have been in the union five years One hundred members who live in Canada were sent to Europe with the first contingent of soldiers which left Canada. The question of whether the or more. TELEGRAPHERS St. Louis, Mo.—The Order of Rail road Telegraphers continues negotiat ing wage scale increases. It began the new year by securing wage in creases and improved working con ditions on the Northern Pacific rail WANT LABOR Little Rock, Ark.—The new child labor law of this state, placed on the statute books mainly through the ef forts of organized labor, will be re pealed, if the exploiters of these little ones have their effect but sixteen days when the bill way. The law was in TO FIGHT DISEASE New York.—In the fight against the white plague, the National As sociation for the Study and Preven tion of Tuberculosis has inaugurated a movement with labor unions. On the committee is President Gompers, President Per kins, of the Cigarmakers' Internation al union; Grand Chief Garretson, of the Order of Railway Conductors, and John Mitchell. for closer co-operation SIGN CONTRACT The Typographical union has sign ed a three years' contract with the Rocky Mountain News, the Times, and the Post. It is the first time a contract was ever signed with the lat ter paper. While not a party to the conference, the Denver Express has concurred in the terms. REJECT BID Frankfort, Ky.—State authorities have rejected the bid of the Hoke Montgomery company for the labor 500 prisoners in the reformatory this place. The bids carried an op tion of renewal, and are as follows: One year, 45 cents per day; two years, cents; three years, 65 cents, and four years, 75 cents. as to ing BLAME LAX LAWS San Francisco.—A coroner's jury has exonerated the owners of a build ing which an elevator plunged eight stories to a basement, killing one of occupants and wounding nine others. The jury says: "The real cause of the accident is the lack of properly constituted authority to com the owners of buildings to replace cables after they have been notified the inspector that the cables are unsafe." K'S are MAIL ORDER BUSINESS PAYS Directors of the mail order busi ness corporation of Sears, Roebuck & have recommended the payment a $20,000,000 stock dividend. During the hearing on the full law last Thursday night, Senator Campbell was made the object of veillance by one of the Burns and every time he tried touch with one of the men of the railroad brotherhoods for the crew sur men to get into purpose of consultation, he would find this fellow hanging close around to hear what being said. This made Campbell pretty hot, and he decided to have a bill drawn at once to be introduced on the following morning If this bill can be enacted into law and private detectives put out of busi ness, it will serve society a good pur pose. Detective work should be done by the regular and legally Constituted police forces of the country, and by criminal and irresponsible sleuths in the employ of special interests. This danger is already too known from late actual Campbell's bill should become a law. was not well experience. UNION BENEFITS International would assume the lia bilities of death in the war recently came before the general executive board of the union, and it was de cided that the benefits would be paid provided that the good standing of the member his enlistment. was maintained during MAKING GAINS road. This was followed by better ments on the Georgia & Florida rail road, and the third advance last month was when the Minneapolis & St. Louis railroad signed an agreement carry ing a wage increase of 5 per cent. LAW REPEALED was introduced. Discussing this pro posal, the Ünion Labor Bulletion of this city says: "We imagine that the chief objec tions urged against the present law are formed by selfish employers of la bor who are hiding themselveü.r*ehind 'the widow and the orphan.* •iff LABOR FORWARD St. Louis, Mo.—A commhtee has been appointed by the Central Trades and Labor Union to begin the pre liminary work for a "labor forward" movement, to be helâ in this city dur ing May, June, and July. The popula tion of this city is close to 75,000, and while there is a strong and effective labor movement here, there wage earners unorganized, posed to make this campaign the most vigorous yet conducted. The Build ing Trades Council will act with the central body. are many It is pro UNEMPLOYMENT Among the plans to be considered by the United States industrial lations re commission, according to Chairman Walsh, "is a scheme of so cial insurance, administered by and federal governments, to meet the problem created by unemployment, occupational diseases and other evils incidental to our industrial organiza tion." state A NEW RULE Harrisburg. Pa.-_I t i s stat ed that as a result of studies made by inspectors, orders are being prepared to withdraw all certificates state pennitt ing boys and birls under sixteen to work in Pennsylvania tobacco factor K'S OPPOSE BILL Columbus, O.—Railroad companies are sending delegations to the state capital to oppose a bill providing day's rest in one seven for all Ohio in dustrial workers. The bill is being supported by organized workers. WORKERS MEET Austin, Tex—A call for the 18th annual convention of the Texas State Federation of Labor, to be held in this city, has been issued.