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The Gem Worker is receiving the loyal support of the Boise Labor Unions, who regard it as their paper, -and the Members of the Unions are very keen to appreciate those who patronise the paper and who invite the trade of organised labor through its columns. This makes The Gem Worker a most splendid advertising medium. Try it for a short time and watch the results. The Gem Worker goes to homes in Idaho than any other labor paper that was ever published in this State. And it goes to more homes each week than it did the week before. This makes it of in creasing value as an advertising medium, a fact which is becoming more and more recognized by the business men of Boise. i 1 1 ^ jnittu. ( $1.00 Per Year. BOISE, IDAHO, MARCH 4, 1915 5c a Copy Vol. H. No. 40.) Bill For'Relief of This Unfortunate Young Man Hasfossèd the House And Every Union Man and friend of Hmnamty Should Urge |ls Passage hy the Senate at Once Lost BoA limbs on Idaho State Capitol Work The House of Representatives have passed the bill appropriating $4,000 for the relief of John R. Dernier. The bill should be pushed through the Senate without delay and should receive the Governor's signature. The Gem Worker ajone of the press of Boise, championed the cause of Mr. Dernier and has been persistent in its demand that justice be done this injured workman—who lost both his legs in being crushed by a rock, while employed on the Idhho State Capitol. The sum to be appropriated will be ! sufficient to pay Mr. Dernier's hospital | and doctor bills and leave a balance j sufficient to set him up in some little j business in which he can make a liv- I I mg. The labor unions of Boise have been j instrumental in securing the introdu tion and passage of th the House and should now get bvr- • with the Senate as the Lcg'-lr.ture will doubtless adjourn this week. The bill should not be permitted to die in the rush and crash of the last week of the session, and it is up to every friend of humanity, every lover of justice to take a little time off from the daily occupation in order to give this measure a push. Lest we forget! We reprint here with a picture of Mr. Derqier in his wheeled cart, showing the loss of both legs. Justice, gentlemen of the Legis lature, for this crippled workingman. measure :n FljBUC FAYS TP BILLS Washington—At least forty-three states authorize the transportation of pupils to public shcools at the ex pense of the shcool districts, accord ing to a bulletin issued by the United States bureau of education. In cer tain states transportation at public ex pense is permissable only, in others obligatory. Ohio, for example, re quires transportation for children two or more from the school, while other states require transportation when > the distance is one and pne-half miles or more. In several states the school author ities may pay parents or guardians a fixed amount per day for transpor tation, while Maine, Vermont, Minn esota, South Dakota and Oregon per mit payment for room and board for pupils in homes convenient to the schools where the cost of so doing does not exceed the cost of trans portation. NULLIFY THE LABOR LAW Boston, Mass.—Efforts are being mado to nullify the anti-injunction law, passed last year by the legisla ture, and a bill to this effect has been introduced in the state law-mak ing body. This bill is serving as a model for federations of labor in oth er states, which are urging its adop tion by their respective legislatures. The law provides that no judge can issue an injuction in industrial dis putes except where irreparable in jury is threatened, and then only in cases where there in nd adequate rem edy at law. Tl\e law also contains this clear cut declaration: "In- construing this act, the right to enter into the rela tion of employer and employe, and to assume and create a new relation for employer and employe, and to per form and carry on business in such ! relation with any person in any place, <j)r to do work and labor as an em i, ploye, shall be held and constred to |! be a personal and not a' property •I right." ■' ['"Mr *m $ $ BgpS . : Ü i $n -, m X : M ;■ :: !■ *t . ■ . * ' 4 ' 1 PI: ■ • mm. ;■ ' JOHN R. DERNIER. COMPENSATION IS URGED Jefferson City—"Why did you fail to bring those 5,000 or more crippled wage workers of your district to this city to object to this bill; those thousands, most of whom have never received a cent of compensation for their injuries?" asked Secretary Treasurer Smith, of the Missouri Fed eration of Labor, of Joplin mine own ers who were opposing a compensa tion bill at an open hearing in the state capitol. The unionist showed the legisla tors that every reform has been met by the same opposition. He said: "When twenty-five or more years ago we demanded the eigh-hour workday we were met with the same argument which you present today. Then, as now, you claimed that it could not be done. Then, as now, you claimed that business would be ruined if certain improvements for the working people would be secured. Then, as now, you were opposed to any and all kinds of reform and im provements . of labor's condition. Then we had to fight for the eight hour day, as we are compelled to fight for the compensation act to day. You are opposed to a good com pensation act and you are opposed to a commission to enforce the act." a to PAPERMAKERS AREACTIVE Fitchburg. Mass.—Officers of the International Brotherhood of Paper makers are assisting, their local in this city in an organizing campaign. At a mass'meeting International Pres ident Carey protested against a so called "dividend system" and wage scale in one of the mills. Owing to the deajh of former Sena tor Jacob L. Goodnight, the Legisla ture out of respect of the former: mem ber did not (hold a meeting last nigljt. Many Boise housewives are getting wise and arc using corn meal- instead ojf flour for making bread atjd| bthjprj - I « pacing. ['"Mr 1 "'''niHr^TTrirïïni m mm . . MINE FAIALTIES DECREASE Washington—Albert H. Fay, min ing, engineer of the United States bu reau oY mines, reports that one life every day during the last year has been saved because of decreased fatal ities in coat mines, which totaled 2,-. 785 in 1913, against 2,451 last year. The principal causes of accidents that show a material decrease were: Coal dust explosions. 96 per cent; haulage, II per cent; falls of roof and pillar coal, 10.6 per cent. The net decrease in underground fataiities was 365, or 14 per cent. It is nqt possible to attribute these lower rates to any one particular in fluence, contiues the report. They may, however, be assigned in part to any one of the following agencies or to a combiriatiion of all of them; Closer and more careful inspectors, better enforcement of laws and regu lations by the operators, a realization of the dangers attendant upon the miner in his daily work and his ef forts to reduce accidents due to the educational campaign conducted in his behalf, the extended use of safety lamps in doubtful mines, the use of permissible explosives, humidifying dusty mines, first-aid and rescue train ing which saves lives that might otherwise be lost by reason of injur ies received, the enactment of indus trial' accident compensation laws, and last, but not least, the spriit of co-op eration on the part of all concerned. CONVICT LABOR LABEL House Bill No. 305 providing that labels at least two inches square be placed on all convict made goods has passed the House and will boudtless pass the Senate and become the law. At the present writing it is in the hands of the Judiciary committee of the Senate, This Bill was drawn by the Legis lative committee of the Idaho Tradçs 1 and Labor Council and is one of the measures being advocated by organtz ed labor'in At! the states of the union, ? Measure and I argument jgajnst the, Its adoptiion by all of fjthe states is merely a matter of time. There is no Printers' Stand Indorsed New Orleans—Printers on strike against three daily' papers in this city are standing firm, despite the refusal of publishers to accept the offer of the federal department of labor to ar bitrate differences, which arose over the attempt of the printers to enforce a five day law, without cost to the publishers, to relive their out-of-work memebers. The union has started a daily pap-j er, which is proving a success. Offi cers of the International Typograph ical union have been asking promi nent citizens throughout the country to assist them in creating a sentiment for arbitration, and in response to this request Congressman Reilly of Connecticut wrote Robert Ewing, publisher of the Daily States, to this effect. The eastern lannvaker said: "From what little I know of the case, it would appear to me the proper thing to do." The publishers replied: "As you ad mit you know little about the case of the publishers of New Orleans, it is rather surprising to me that you should pass on the matter and proffer your advice and suggestions about a controversy that we consider vital to the very existence of the newspapers of this city. In order that you may bet ter inform yourself than you have been able to do * * * * * I am inclos ing you statement of both the printers and the publishers on the matter, pub lished in the New Orleans Press." In answer to the above. Congress man Reilly said: "After a careful reading of both statements, I am more convinced than ever that the suggestion in my first letter recommending arbitration is v/ell advised. I am frank to say that I know considerable more now of jhe situation, thanks to your information, than 1 did when I wrote you first. The particular thing that 1 under stand better is that, without expense to the newspaper publishers of New Orleans, the Typographical Union desired to get employment two days a week for the unemployed members of their craft. "As a newspaper man of thirty years' experience, as secretary for ov er twenty-five years of a newspaper publishing company employing Ty pographical union printers and oper ators. I am surprised at the stand tak en in this matter by the New Orleans publishers it would appear to me that any effort especially one as fair as the one under consideration, to give work to unemployed, should receive the heartiest support instead of opposi tion of newspaper owners. "The other minor differences be tween you and your printers, in my opinion amount to very little. The supreme issue in this case being t the desire of the union to help their un employed brothers, I am sure that public- opinion will be greatly in favor Of the union in this matter." the his of or in to or ef in of A GOOD BILL MADE LAW Sentaor Bowman's bill for the emer gency employment of labor by the county commissioners and which was printed in full in a recent number of of The Gem Worker has been signed by the Governor and is the law of the State of Idaho. This measure assures employment 1 for a period of 60 days in a year to every unemployed able-bodied man who seeks employment. We believe this measure is the most advanced step yet taken by anyone of the American States in the solution of the problem of unemployment. Its working will be watched with great interest and we trust the meas ure will be proved so beneficial as to be a fore runner in a new legislative program dealing with 'this great mo mentous and urgent question. be has the of the PRESSMEN AND ASSISTANTS' UNION The Boise Printing Pressmen and Assistants' Union held their regular monthly meeting, Monday evening with a good attendance. Mr, John Alden of The Gem Worker visited the union and prevailed upon tbe body furnish a correspondent. Mr. ; A. E. ■Swartz, one of the members was elected to fill the position.», A good live column will be expected from the to the, of Pressmen* '•' 4 ' F. J. McKENNA BURIED Large Concourse of People fay Respects to Monory of Well Known Citizen The funeral of Frank J. McKenna was held from the family home, 409 Myrtle street, Sunday at 2 o'clock and was one of the largest ever held in the city showing the "high esteem in which the deceased was held by all classes of our citizens. Rev. Arthur J. Sullens, of the Con gregational Church read the burial service and E. F. Caton, on behalf of the Typographical union paid a brief but heartfelt tribute to the memory of his old friend. The Turn Verein chorus sang ap propriate hymns at the home and at the grave, Mrs. Robert M. Adams and Mrs. Fred Rosene playing the ac WILL EXTEND CLAYTON LAW Chicago—At the request of the It is straightforward Chicago—At the request of the owners of buildings, Judge Sullivan of the Superior court of Cook county, has issued a sweeping injunction against members of the Chicago Flat Janitor's union. The order is also directed against members of the Milk wagon drivers' union, against all per sons assisting them, and all person? having any knowledge of the injunc tion. All are commanded to "desist and refrain" from "picketing or patroling or maintaining any picket or pickets"-' in the vicinity of the strike bound buildings; from boycotting; "from calling, inducing, engaging in or maintaining, any strike or strikers" for the purpose of enforcing the union shop, or because nonunion janitors are employed; and from exhibiting or distributing any printed matter, characterizing the owner of the build ings as unfair to union labor. The usual subterfuge of assuming that the men may commit violence or that they may make use of threats or intimidation is not resorted to in this injunction. LONG WORK HOURS HARMFUL Fort Worth—President Boyd, of the State Medical Association of Tex as, has issued a signed statement on the effect of long hours on working women which could be read with profit by those who oppose organi zation and legislation intended to remedy this evil. Dr. Boyd insists that women forced to work long hours "are absolutely unfitted both physically and mentally, to become mothers, and to have the, care and training of future genera tions." In discussing the penalty nature ex acts for violating its laws that the hu man body needs sufficient rest, the medical man says: "This is especially true with regard to wSmen, owing to their peculiar physical structure and the nature of the functions which pertain to them as females. Physically weaker than the male, with a corresponding lack of power to resist fatigue and the de structive influence of physical toil up on the body tissues and nervous sys tem, the effect of excessive hours of toil is much sooner apparent, and the ultimate result much more disastrous than in the male. "In the case of a strong, well-devel oped woman, the effect of the strain incident to over work may not be no ticeable at once. Nature's workshop may for a time be able to temporally repair the damage, but the effects are cumulative. 1 mo PAYS THE UNION WAGE SCALE St. Louis—The ordinance recently departments for officially certified St. Louis—The ordinance recently passed by the city council directing the various employes wages based up on the scales maintained by St. Louis trade unions, is being put into success ful operation. Since the passage of the ordinance the great bulk of city employes have become members of the unions to which they are eligible. The ordinance provides that those in charge of directing the labor of the city shall from time to time call upon the executive officers of the various compaments at the home. Besides the large concourse of citi zens who assembled to pay their last respects to the deceased, the mem bers of the Masonic lodge, the Knights of Pythias, the Turn Verein and the Typographical union attend ed in a body. The active pall bearers were W. S. Perkins, Charles Caesar, Paul Span genberg, W. E. Jefferson, Fay D. Young and Foster Thompson, while the honary pall bearers were Guy Flenner, Robert Bacon, Edward Fin negan, Luther Straight, Earl Adams and H. W. Fulton. Interment was at Morris Hill. It is a very straightforward denial of the right of personal liberty, for bidding in effect, the exercise of per sonal rights bf a nature common to all citizens and universally used in the ordinary course of competitive busi ness, because such liberty and rights are in this case being used by work ingmen ir. an effort to. establish condi tions that will enable them to bring about improved standards of living. Organized labor of Illinois will not remain silent while the courts continue to usurp to themselves powers of per sonal government utterly at variance with the modern idea of government by law# An anti-injunctiohrbill , with provi sions similar to thoàe of the Clayton bill recently enacted by Congress to restrain the federal courts, will be in troduced during, the present session of the Illinois legislature, and the mem bers of the assembly will be given an opportunity to show to the people whether they stand for personal gov ernment by judges of for government by law. . I "When nature is no longer able to meet the demands upon her to rid the body of excessive waste matter accu mulating from overwork, and to re place worn out material the break down is usually very rapid. The ap petite becomes poor, the digestion is interfered with, constipation is the rule, the person loses flesh, the blood is poisoned by retained waste matter, and is impoverished by lack of prop nutrition due to the deranged er digestion. The person becomes pale and anaemic, and in most cases " de velops an irritable, moody and de spondent disposition, frequently as suming a reckless attitude, with a lowering of her moral tone. A cravx: ing is often acquired for stimulant» or excitement to offset the depres sion resulting from her mental condi tion. "Such a person is, in common par lance, run down, and becomes a ready prey to diseases of all kinds. All the communicable diseases, such as tuber culosis, typhoid, measles, scarlet fev er, and a host of others, may find! ready lodgmcnj in the system of such a subvitalized person. This is espec ially true with reference to tuberculo sis, the germs of which are so univer sally distributed that it is said that every person comes into contact with them many times during their lives, and only their powers of resistance, dependent upon their physical condi tion prevent tuberculosis from devel oping in their systems." departments for officially certified scales of wages, to the end that the ordinance shall be uniformly enforced. Eight hours is the work day. The Central Labor union has had a copy of the ordinance engrossed, with the pen used by the mayor, mounted upon its face, and the whole inclosed in an elaborate frame. A suggestion made that it be sent to San Francisco to be come a part of the American Federa tion of Labor's exhibit at the exposi tion this year will likely be carried out.