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Th* G«m Worker ia receiving the loyal support of the Boise Labor Unions, who regard it as their and the Members of the are very keen to appreciate those who patronize the paper and who invite the trade of organized labor through ita columns. This makes The Gem Worker a most splendid advertising medium. Try it tor a short time and watch the results. The Gem Worker goes to more homes in Idaho than any other labor paper that was ever published • in this State. And it goes to more homes each week than it did the week before. This makes it of in creasing value as an advertising medium, a fact which is becoming more and more recognized by the business men of Boise. paper, Unions À\ BOISE, IDAHO, MARCH 11, 1915 ( $1.00 Per Year. Vol. II. No. 41.) 5c a Copy STRIKES AT WEALTH Chairman Walsh of Industrial Commission Hits Veneration of Wealth A veneration of wealth that has made "concrete wealth superillegal," and which has usurped powers to it self that in the course of generations have been practically recognized as belonging to it, according to Frank P. Walsh, chairman of the federal indus trial relations commission, in a re cent talk before the city club in Chi cago, he said,. is one of chief causes of present political and eco nomic unrest. Chairman Walsh outlined some of the opinions he has drawn from such witnesses as John D. Rockefeller, CHILD LABOR BILL IS URGED BY SOCIAL WORKERS Newark.—At a meeting of social the if workers in this city, Mrs. Wm. S. Cor win urged those present to give per sonal concern to the passage by.the national Congress of the Palmer Owen bill intended to prevent inetr state traffic in the products of child labor. The speaker said: "The present crisis in Europe in clines us to minimize our own prob lems, but the war itself is preparing for us new problems in view of which the Palmer-Owen bill is of especial importance. With the close of the war Europe will loo'- to A ^er'ea ps Unionist Talks to Farmers Springfield, 111.—Prc«iden'. W-'k< ' of the State Federation o' Labor, ad dressed the state convention of the Illinois Farmers and Grain Dealers' association on the question of affiliat ing with the trade union movement. The unionist called attention to meth ods employed by interests opposed to this plan and which consists of poisioning the minds of farm workers and those on the industrial field. Presi dent Walker also discussed the co operative movement as a means of bringing together, thus eliminating the unnecessary middlemen that now bring about unjust prices, too high for consumer and too low for the pro ducer. Making Progress on Law Springfield, 111.—It is reported that the joint commission of employers and employes are making progress in their effort to reach an agreement on proposed amendments to the state compensation law. The workers' representatives on this commission are: President Walker, of the State Federation of Labor; Dun can McDonald, secretary Illinois United Mine Workers; President Fitzpratrick, of the Chicago Federa tion of Labor; President O'Donnell, of the Chicago Building Trades Coun cil, and Robert Fitchie, secretary of the Teamsters' Joint Council. State Convetion of Carpenters Stamford, Conn.—Fraternal dele gates from New York, New Jersey and Massachusetts attended the state convention of carpenters and joiners, held in this city. A resolution was adopted which proposes an amend ment to the workmen's compensation act, whereby the length of the time between disability and beginning of compensation shall be shortened from 17 days to 7 days, and also that the rate to be paid the injured worker dur ing his confinement be increased. Vice-President.: i Boise Operators Take Notice On behalf of all the managers of the Moving picture theatres of Boise Moving Picture Machine operators Local Aux. No. 9 wish to announce to their fellow craftsmen that there is the greatest of harmony between all managers and operators and that union operators are employed in all of Boise's Picture theatres. « ROY MARCROFT, M. P. M. O. Aux. No. 9. STATIONARY FIREMEN AIDED States Washington—The United bureau of mines has issued valuable information to the thousands of sta tionary firemen throughout the coun try telling them the best methods of firing boilers in order to have the least smoke and produce the most heat The report seeks to meet the needs of the men, many without a techinal education, who are employed in small plants where the firing is done by hand. A son was born to Mr. and Mrs. C. P. Edwards at St Alphonsus hos ! pital March 2nd. Motler Jones, Andrew Carnegie and widows of strikers killed in riots. "Tlie first principle of the venera tion in which we hold wealth," said Walsh, "is shown in the law allowing a mat to engage in a business and wrest his profits not from business, but fiom what should be the jus} earn ings of his employes. We look with as much pride and envy on the man of wealth who has literally starved his employes and brought a degen erate and subnormal new generation, as we do on the man who has amass ed a fair competency through pro fessional work." the hope and haven of the podr. The the consumer and too low for the pro checked, will be redoubled, and we must he ready for the people who are cominj; to us. Unless the Palmer Owen bill is passed we shall not be ready. They will come poor in money broker in spirit, and ready to let their children work for a pittance under the condit oils thev lind. They will lower our standards of education arid living if we allow them to, and after they come lie obstacles in the way of pro gressive legislation Hiqn over " ill be greater Lett er From Idaho Falls Idaho, Falls, Idaho, Feb 27. Local Union of Boise, Boise, Idaho. Dear 5ir and Brothers: ee by the Statesman that Idaho las a boom and big buildings going up. It is not true the $90,000 is about !>12,000 job, one story, no base ment. So please notify all Brothers that it s a false statement, i'ours fraternally, CLAY C. BLOUGH We lie Falls li Plenty of Men in Walla Walla The (Valla Walla (Wash.) Building Tradfes Council sends out warning that in spite of the news of building boom in that town there are plenty of men on hand to care for all the work in progress or in prospect, and outside mechanics are likely to rind •deling for the eats if tiiey hit The statement sent the Record by Secretary J. ood of the council is no demand for organized, >r unskilled labor t Walla, but what can be met immediately as there is an overabund ply of all kinds walking the looking for. work at the pres hard si the town. Union Hazlew "There C. v a V - Uiionrauized, skilled in Wall ant -iq streets ent tim r Qualifications Are Opposed Toroi in Onta the pro; to, Ontario—Trade unionists rio province are asking that lerty qualification for holding nicipal office be abolished, 'slice ol this law is apparent is recalled that no any mu The inj when it qualification is necessary for didate or the property a tai lor the provincial legislature lederal parliament. Nine Hour Day for Women Indianapolis—Indiana trade union ists are urging a nine-hour work day for women workers in this state. Two years ago a bill of this character passed by the house of representatives but the senate refused to accept it, and instead, passed a bill to to investigate and report." ATTEMPT TO ADJUST STRIKE City, Okla.—Officials connected with the state labor com mission's office are attempting to ad just the strike of oil tank builders. Nearly 2<KK) men arc involved. State i Labor Commissioner Ashton reports that the conditions which caused the strike are "very bad" was "a create commission ( Iklahoma APPOINT SCALE COMMITTEE Toronto, Ontario—The Typograph ical union has appointed a committee to negotiate question ith their employers the of new-wage scale. Steps a re being taken to reorganize the Gouhi System and the Wall Street Journal is authority that several mil lions of dollars will be negotiated at once for the building of branch lines and feeders. It is believed that some of this money will be used in building the Boise Winnemucca line. EYE STRAIN. X • * - > 3 Z. -3 ' • *//> -j5fisa:Uÿ' Vj X Vt? 'ii III / S&l.rA T:'.™-- <•.;;-<•* —.--T_ . v •/vV A «V75 (NX —Harding In Brooklyn Eagle. FREE SCHOOL TEXT BOOKS FOR NEW YORK STATE Establishment of a Free School Text Book System in New Yorki State will cost Two million ($2,000,00) dol lars. The Department of Efficiency and l Economy of the State of New York, have been conducting investigation for j the past two years as to the cost of j Free School Text Books for the Pub- j lie School children of the State. This j report has just been completed and, filed with the Legislature by Com- j missioner John H. Delaney, who was one time President of Typographical ! Union No. 6 (Big 6) of New York City. This report is the most com-1 plete of its kind that has ever been eompiled in the United States, and no doubt will be used as an authority by the Federal Government and many \ other States, which now contemplate I PRINTERS SAY DOUBLEDAY PAGE COMPANY UNFAIR The Allied Printing Trades Coun-j cil of Greater New York, receives from time to time requests for infor mation as to the attitude of the ! Doubleday Page Co., towards our ! union and requests us to publish this I statement. Through the Labor Press through- j out the country, we desire to make, known to every member of Organiezd j Labor and their friends, the fact that | there has been no change whatever in the antagonistic attitude of the , Doubleday Page Co., toward the mem bers of Trade Union and they will not knowingly employ any member of Or ganized Labor, and they do not the Prevailing Scal£ of Wages in the ' Composing Room, Press Room, Bookbinding, Mailing and Electro Would Protect the Employes Albany, N. Y.—A bill has been in- ! troduced in the state legislature which provides that no contract for [ public work which is of such charact- 1 er that employes engaged on such j work are required to be insured under j the workingmen's compensation law, shall hereafter be executed until the [ successful bidder procures a policy in j compliance with the provisions of such j law j - I I San Francisco-Double pay for er- 1 penters employed on night work at the exposition grounds will be insisted up-1 on by the Bay Counties District Coun cil of Carpenters. It is said that this has always been the rule of the car penters'union and that no exception will be made to this rule for work on the exposition. Extra Pay for Night Work New Home for Hie Unionists San Francisco—Before the end of next month the trade union movement of this city will be housed in its new home in the Lobor temple, a tree-story basement structure which will cost, when completed, $150,000. the establishment of a Free School Book System. The report contains over two hundred pages of text matter and three hundred pages of statistics. Every member of Organized Labor should try ajid procure a copy of this v)Teh no doubt can be done by report writing to Hon. Charles S. Whitman, Governor State of New York, Albany, N. Y., asking him to send you a copy of the report on the cost of Free School Books for the public school children of New York State, The report contains full and authen tic information as to how-the question of Free School Books is being hand ried in other States, and it is very val uable at this time for the reason that taking up this so many States are \ question of providing for Free School I Books for all their school children. type Departments, While we receive numerous coin munications for information on this ! question, there ,is a large number of ! members of Organiezd Labor and their friends, who will not write for I this information, and we therefore j adopt this fnethod of letting the pub lie know and understand that Double j day Page Co., are just as antagonistic | toward Organized Labor as the over a year ago when they endeavored , to have our Unions in'Greater New York punished as violators of the Sherman Law. We have no doubt that your readers will he pleasei pay;know that the Federal Investigation ' found that the New York unions were in no way violating the Sherman Law or any other law. ere to Ohio Unionists Are Active ! Columbus, Ohio—The State Fcder- ation of Labor is actively urging its [ legislative program before the state 1 legislature. The folowing bRIIs are j being given special attention: j To limit the issuing of injunctions in certain case; limiting the hotirs o' [ employment for females: providing j lights on D-rails and switches; per- j tabling to safety devices on street and j electric cars; providing for low water claim on all steam boilers; providing I for prison labor upon public high Iways: payment of wages in cash; ex I amining and licensing of steam en 1 « in ? ers : Kmiting length of freight ' ra,ns . an î 1 >n s » a ' lin K automatic fire < ' OM! ,n locomotives, Will Employ Union Labor Springfield, Mo.—At the request of organized labor, the common council has passed a resolution providing that a clause be placed in all contracts let by the city requiring the employment of union labor The Boise Associated Charities is out of funds and everyone who can, should help the association out as there is a lot of neeefsary work to do. MILLIONS FOR WAR One Hundred and Nine Million Dollars for "Murder" but Not a Celt for Conservation of Life O ne hundred and nine million dol lars appropriated by congress for mili tary purposes while voting to continue the sweat shop system of "stop watches" and other so-called scien tific shop management methods in government plants, was the wonder ful achievement of Congress last Tuesday. Ore hundred and nine million dol lars appropriated for the purpose of "murdering" men outright and the continuance of a system that "murd ers" men piecemeal. Truly "patriot ic" c tizens should be proud of "their" national senate. One hundred and nine million dol lars would furnish a $4,0(K) home to each of 27,260 citizens. Computing the average annual wage for the av erage worker at $600, this appropria tion represents the yearly wages of 181,666 workers. Computing the av erage workers family to be five mem bers, this appropriation means the istcnee wages for one year for 908, 330 people. Thi: of the the C ex ! : appropriation is only a part total military appropriations of nited States. The $109,000,000 represented here applies only to the army and coast fortifications. There remains to he made a larger appro priaticn for the maintenance and in- ; of the navy. crease SENATOR ROCKWELL STANDS BY COMPENATION ACT Boise, Idaho, March lü, 191S. [ that the field of battle is be-I ginning to clear of the smoke and is verbal debris surrounding the strenu | mis work of the 13th Legislature, as ! one of the members who endeavored j at all times to contribute an honest Ian effort toward justice, decency and fair I play, I now refer to your editorial of I the 4tk inst. anent the Compensation act. You have fallen into a manifest j Editor Now Gem Worker: error iki your comment as follows: "That there is to lie no compem id to the families of aliens, if it imilies are living without the States in our opinion will tend : employment of this class of ins(cad of American citizens, >int was fully explained in the I debate but did not deter Mr. | Conner from his original pttrpo put Tu bill through practically as hi had drawn it." This non p; ,uch f United to the aliens This p House to j s your "opinion." You have the gn.it American right to express this opinion et out in the article, but may I well as the other op I ; nions that it might be fair to try Sllg r both sides of the question. 't believe anything tangible < is can be gained by rabid par conside I doi righ tco tisan denunciation and helping to keej the feri lentation of human passioi at at, arraying man against man, while dealing with problems that arc [ admittelly complex and when we fever In all I GIRLS SHOULD JOIN UNION FOR THEIR PROTECTION "In the ranks of the army of labor; ral million young working ihom falls most heavily Upon I their vision, upon their knowledge and fortitude, depends the hope of a whole great people." Here they are, these young girls, 1 the bud and flower of the workers' families. They are too young to un dentand the world. They must be helped. The help need not be to pre- [ vent them from working, but to the end that they may conserve and de velop tl Work are sevi girls u( oil the burdens of the battle. emselves while they work. does not hurt girls. Work is rather a benefit and means of the fin est charteter building. Any man or woman is better and of more value in the world for having worked. But, arid this is of paramount importance, [ the worl should be done under sani tary conditions and for shorter per-i iods. Long hours and unhealthful, mention unsafe) conditions the body, deaden the nerves, j desire for the finer enjoy- j life, and also spoil the call ted years of work. Hence for of the girls as individuals, (not to wear out kill the nients ol for entin the good for their higher development and en joyment pf life they should have good working conditions and fewer hours to work. For the good of society the health ard vigor of the girls should be guarded. To this end they must unite; they must organize into unions. We do not wish to be understood as taking a maudlin stand against ap propriations for the defense of the nation. We do not want to be rank ed with those who are crying out against the "horrors or war" regard less of conditions confronting us. We by no means stand in favor of to tal disarmament under the existing state of society. We do want to be counted among those, however, who protest against the actions of Congress in re fusing to consider the detrimental ef fects of the so-called efficiency sys- terns on the workers employed in the government shops. We stand up to be counted among those who protest against the actions of those senators and representatives who refuse to free the child slaves of this country and refuse to heed the cries of the men and women who are being ground down in the sweated and unorganized industries of the na tion. These are the senators and rep resentatives who talk the loudest and longest for "our dear people, the flag and the nation," and at the first bugle call are found marching towards the rear. One hundred and ninc^million dot lars for "murder" but not a cent for the conservation of life.—Wisconsin Labor News. agree that nothing but actual experi ence will disclose the workable plan Nobody claims the Compensation act is a perfect instrument, but it is a start in the right direction. Its de fects will develop during its adminis tration and these will lie cured. As Ian employer of labor, I deny your de claration that this hill "keeps the promise in letter and breaks it in spirit." I deny the allegation that the Alien labor clause will tend to their employment over that of American citizens. I will go further and say that it is absolutely untrue, and that the effect of this clause will be as Sen ator Day stated in the debate in the Senate, to increase the earlier citizen ship of aliens. I Now, Mr. Editor, if you haven't yet | learned, you must before you are j equipped to do your fullest duty to labor, that there is only one practical rule that will bring us together and harmonize the elements of human dis cor< j an ,j selfishness and that is the Golden Rule Let me add this final word; Re member that only true and just will endure, at I right, no clar sion, whether exp or on the bloody field ; the end prevail against it. Sincerely your friend, : IRVIN E. ROCKWELL ght and IS id if it be an and pas iscd in the forum if war, will in ir of op: [ I Ocgasionallv there are parents who hesitate to see their young daughters' form a union, with the possibility] ahead of sometime going on a strike and enduring, the rigors that they themselves ,have endured. But let it be remebered that it is not a choice of staying at home by your own fireside or of going out to work. Fathers and mothers of a family of girls know that the girls must go to work. The only question is whether they will continue to work, as now, for soul killing pay, or whether they unite and, being united, be in a position to say how and under what conditions they will work. To do this latter they must have a union, The union is an educator for the girls; the local meetings and the bus ness of carrying on the union work gives the very trainig the girls needs, The union is a strength for girls; tl\e mutual association for a common purpose makes them stronger a hun d redfold, The union makes possible the that will keep the girls in ever more and more comfortable conditio'h^ k ^ that they may have long, happy and^8 useful lives. The labor union for girls is the starting point from which they will acquire the knowledge, gain the forti- tude and see the ble«sed social vision that will inspire and reconstruct the institutions of the whole human - race.