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The Gem worker and the Idaho labor herald. (Boise, Idaho) 1914-1917, April 22, 1915, Image 1

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Th« Gem Worker ie receiving the
loyal support of the Boise Labor -
Unions, who regard it as their
paper, and the Members of the
Unions are very keen tc appreciate
those who patronise the paper and
who invite the trade of organized
labor through its columns. This
makes The Gem Worker a most
splendid advertising medium. Try
it for a short time and watch the
results.
The Gem Worker
goes to more
homes in Idaho than any other
labor paper that was ever published
in this State. And it goes to more
homes each week than it did the
week before. This makes it of in
creasing value as an advertising
medium, a fact which is becoming
more and more recognized by the
business men of Boise.
Vol. II. No. 47.)
BOISE, IDAHO, APRIL 22, 1915
( $1.00 Pef Year.
5o a Copy
THE ANNIVERSARY OF LUDLOW
As we write, there is' before us a
pamphlet, bearing date of September
21, 1914, and published by a committee
of Colorado mine managers. The
first paraghaph of the introduction
says: ;
It is of the utmost importanct that
every American citizen should under
stand what has really been going on
in Colorado."
is
And the closing sentence reads:
"It is to be hoped that a knowledge
by the American people of the FACTS
may promote permanent and hearty
industrial peace throughout the United
States.
Since these paragraphs were written
every American citizen understands
what took place in Colorado, because
|he TRUE FACTS have been given
to the world, every one of which pro
claims the Colorado mine owners and
msyiagers who desired a diffusion of
such knowledge to be as cruel a band
of tyrants as history records.
Whether, "a knowledge by the
American people of the FACTS" will
"promote permanent and hearty in
dustrial peace throughout the Unetid
States" or not, no one can say. We
don't believe it will. There may be
truce, but there can be no peace where
justice does not prevail. And there is
no justice to be had from men who
proclaim, as did these Colorado mine
managers, that, "In our judgment
question of the rights of organized
labor is now involved."
It was Madam Roland, (hiring the
dark days of the French Revolution,
who complained of the crimes
mitted in the name of liberty.
We must raise a protesting voice
against the crimes committed by op
pressive corporation managers and
heartless, corrupt, subservient Colo
rado officials in the name of "law and
order" and "property rights." And
there is no difference between the
guillotine of Danton, Robespierre and
Marat and the rifles and machine
A
a
n..
com
old
It
en,
ful
of the hired assassins of the Colorado
mine owners of Ludlow. The Jacobin
military and civil tyrants of Colorado
used the latter as mercilessly as did
the puppets of the organized
Abal, the former. Tbe svsl
French
The system and
it< result under the Terror in Paris in
1797 is equalled by the Terror
Ludlow in 1914.
The two most vehement champions
of the mine owners were General
Chase of the Colorado militia and
Congressman George Kindel of that
state.
House of Representatives on June 13.
1914, essayed to champion the
the mine owners. ■■pÉÉHl
self because he was a member of a La
bor Union, but the quality of his
unionism is best described by his
words:
"The necessity for the maintenance
of the open shop," said he, "for which
the mine owners of Colorado are
fighting, Involves a principle far from
local in its character. If this country
is to endure, at least in its present
form, the constitutional right of every
man to work for whom, when, and
upon such terms as he sees fit must
be preserved."
General Chase, not content with his
part in the military opperations
against the .miners, in his report to the
Governor of Colorado spews his ve
nom upon "Mother" Jones in these
words, referring to her speeches:
"These speeches are couched in coarse,
vulgar, and profane language, and ad
dress themselves to the lowest pas
sions of mankind."
But notwithstanding^ the falsehood
and the bias thrown about the Ludlow
massacre, the world knows the truth,
and so long as the tvorld endures it
will stand out as the most cruel specie
of oppression and rapine in recorded
history, and the men who had the
minds to conceive and the hearts to
do the execrable deed will "go down
to the tongueless silence of the dream
less dust" despised by all mankind.'
The men. women and children who
died in defense of their loved ones and
for a glorious cause, should never be
forgotten. And they will never be.
Generations unborn will revere their
memory, and repeat the tale of horror
to their offspring, and they in turn in
hand it down to their children «o in
spire them with a deisre for noble
deeds.
Let us no longer raise our voice in
protest against the Muscovite and the
Tnrk. We have had our Homestead,
our Calumet, and our Ludlow. And it
were enongh. There must be
such deeds, or else men will cease to
«
at
Kindel, in a speech in the
the
cause
He prided him
own
ing.
the
as
and
two
all
the
the
ed.
no more
They Have Made Good! Vote For Them
JOHN A. DAVIS and EDWIN HERRINGTON
April 27th » the date set for the general city election. AU laboring people should be out to vote on that
a e and rally to the support of these gentlemen who have been tried and have proven themselves true and
genume fnends of the worker,. In retaining Mr. Davis and Mr. Herrington on the job a continuIbW effi
ciency, economy and good management wiU be assured. J conunua w°n ot etti
mmÊWiittwianÊm miHÈmmÊmm
1

if
ÜRKS
■Ï- - *
k-,
m
a
The
that
on
swear allegiance to a country that
boasts of a bastard freedom.
And on this twentieth day of April,
and each succeeding one, let us re
memeber with loving spirit the living
and the dead within the shadow of
Ludlow—the dead for the noble sacri
fice they made that those who come
after them may attain the measure of
life's hopes and desires; the living,
because in them survive the spirit of
great souls. When they, too, shall
pass beyond the veil that hides the
mysteries of the infinite from the eyes
of the finite, they will know that God
is good. And when the angel that up
holsters the heavens comes at even*
tide, he will unbar the jasper gates,
and they will enter and find a wel
a welcome to that country
where flowers never fade nor rivers
fail; a country where the green turf
does not hide a single grave; where
the clatter of the pale horse, Death,
is never heard upon the sapphire pave
ments, and of whose King it is writ
ten, "He shall wipe away all tears
from their eyes."—Bakersfield Jour
nal.
and
of
the
in
is
the
comi
A TRIBUTE TO A SMALL. BUT
HEROIC AND MIGHTY BAND
_____ (By - Samuel Lewis)
They did not wear the scarlet coat.
For blood and fire are red.
And Arson's blood was on their hands
When they found them with their
dead—
And poor dead people that they
burned
And murdered in their bed.
—Paraphrased from "The Ballad of
Reading Goal."
a
n..
The Twenty of the Mighty Soul
arose in the morning and looked to
ward the coal-ribbed hills.
The April sun—the rising sun, the
warming sun—shone full in their wan,
tired and harassed faces.
It was a sun that smoothed the
care-lines from the foreheads of the
old and weary. It softened the work
worn, sweat-creased c|ieeks of the
middle-aged. It caressed the happy,
laughing faces of little children.
It was the glorious sun of a
day—-April 20, 1914. — peeping its
promise over the hills of Ludlow
town.
It played among the weather beat
en, winter scarred tents that these
people for seven months had called
home. It warmed the bodies of ol<j
and young. It sent ambition and the
thrill of new life into aged and youth
ful hearts. It breathed of
ed
er
in
-
ed
be
20,
in
13.
it
to
it
new
at
coming
flowers: of summer's green vigor, of
the spring's beauties and pleasures.
God was good! He had sent His
best to his children. It was for man
and man only, to mar the heavenly
splendor.
Before the day was done, all ordi
nary things would be changed. Bright
day would be turned to darkest night.
Sunshine
would
become
gloom.
Beauty would be sadness. Laughter
would drown in tears. The bugle
blown "reveille" would be changed to
"taps" for this
courageous score.
The funeral dirge of eventide would
replace the joyful music of the morn
ing. The sun rising in promise for
the living would go down in benedic
tion for the dead!
A dull, reverberating sound is heard
from a nearbv hillside. The report
catapults against mountain and is
thrown off in echoes, which only die
as they race up canyons and against
sheer rocksides.
There come another startling explo
sion, to be disrupted and scattered
into the echoes that din on eardrum
and appal the spirit.
Two bombs! The signal for attack!
Down, then, came the troopers—
two score of them left to guard where
guards were needed—left to goad,'
harrass, badger and browbeat where
all should have been peace—left to
scheme and plan for a deluge of
smoke and death where all should
have been happiness! Left to turn
the jovs of life-giving spring into the
drum beats of untimely destrhetion.
It came as suddenly as the flashing
sword of death.
Rifles
the
—a
rattle hideously. Sabres
swished frightfully in the yellow of
the morning. Machine guns sputter
ed. choked, vomited their leaden hail.
Disaster! Cataclysm!
«word !
The story has been told. It gains
nothing but sorrow and horror in the
repetition. Forty fully arme'd,
caparisoned, strong, strutting
IFire and
on
war
men
against a thousand huddling, running,
weeping pleading, crazed and terror
ized human beings. And twenty men,
women and children-strikers and their
loved ones—fell in that horrid storm
of lead and flame. Fell by gunshot,
bludgeoning from rifle butt, by olow
from sabre, by burning in the fired
tents, by smothering in the black
holes beneath those tents to which
they had fled to escape Arson's awful
clutch.
They slew them as the beast is slain;
They did not even toll
A requiem that might have brought
Rest to the startled soul,
But suddenly they mowed them dow
And hid them in a hole.
re
of
of
of
n
All day the one-sided battle con
tinued. All that day thrrySgh
dropped in their tracks; mothers sob
bed over the dying babe on their bos
oms, only to be stricken themselves;
children were stifled, bullet-riddled,
asphyxiated!
And when kindly night descended—
when the golden sun of the morning,
set blood-red in the west, changing, his
.promise to the living to the benedic
tions for the dead—those rifles, ma
chine guns and torches had sounded
"taps" for a score of workers of God's
world.
Here, then, is the grim picture of
Ludlow—the smoky,
blackened painting that must
men
blurred and
mar the
galleries of the twentieth century!
And what is that?
Just this. That score died in their
own cause. They perished for what
they thought was right. They laid
down their all—their lives!—that oth
ers might live and work in peace.
Their greatest sin was that they held
out against capital's greed. Hungry
themselves, they asked only the bread
that was refused. Sick, thev pleaded
only for the necessary medicines 0 f !
.
life. Downcast, thev begged only for !
the barest crumbs of happiness.
All honor to the Twenty of thé
Mighty Soul!
Like Another long before, who had
given his life to bring solace and com
fort to the hearts of men. so did that
twenty die to insure industrial peace,
betterment and greater reward to the
sweating,
the earth.
For Ludlow is the .beginning and
the end!
Some sporadic assaults on other
striking bands followed; a few scatter
ed acts of reprisal were noted on its
dark wings. But Ludlow stands out
from all these as the climax, the cul
mination, the final stand of Courage,
Heroism, and Self-Sacrifice.
Ludlow carried home to the nation
the horror, wantonness and futility of
the very things which had created
Ludlow!
Ludlow aroused the people to the
realization that capitalistic rapacity
had over-reached itself in producing
Ludlowy
Ludlow sounded the emphatic notice
that there must never again be anoth
er Ludlow!
The Twenty of the Mighty Soul
brought these things to pass. As they
stood upon those brown hilltops and
watched their canvass homes go up
in smoke and flame waiting for the
next bullet to single them out as vic-
tims, had they been gifted with pro-
phetic eye they might have seen a
kindlier, more indulgent spirit of the
future rising from the gray and sombre
ashes of the present!
- Dying, if gifted with the same pro
phetic eye, they might have been a
friendlier, easier better employer tak
ing the place of the old greed—obsess
ed taskmaster—a future employer who
would listen to the decently framed
and fairly presented complaints of his
workers.
Going to their reward, they might
have realized that there would never
be a repetition of the scenes of April
20, 191,4, but that the
starving, toiling hosts ofj
<t
hhh coming years
would bring an industrial peace to
make for happier homes, greater edu
cation, more advancement among
the workers, and ; by doing that very
thing, bring more profit, more humane
feeling and wider vision to the' em
ployer.
Perishing from the earth they might
have foretold that the day had closed
privately hired guards, gunmen,
wandering soldiers of fortune and
those men who live by coercing,
threatening and killing their fellows
—a closing of the day on intimidation,
browbeating, harrassment and
on
starv
April the 20th, 1915
ing by those who do such things for
unholy wage.
Departing into the shadows, they
might have seen all the publicity, the
investigations, the condemnation of
the monstrous system responsible for
Ludlow; the wrath of an aroused peo
ple, the action of an indignant
gress and the moves of a president—
all these things and more growing out
of their valorous death at Ludlow, but
all bringing the emphatic word thtt
there must be no other Ludlow.
They might hare seen a stauncher
unionism—grown mightier because of
their own courage and hardships—
moving forward and onward and up
ward, until it had proved to all the
world that in it, and in it alone, lay the
common man's hope of the future.
They might have seen that unionism
winning its peaceful battles of the fu
ture, because the Mighty Score of Lud
low had shown to capital that it is
better to treat and confer and
than it is to slay and maim and burn!
These men and women and children
of the hard life, the grinding toil, the
sweating days, the many tears and
few joys—this People of the Great
Sorrow and Great Spirit—might have
seen all this. They might have under
stood that their tremendous suffering
would help the strugglers of all time
to come—that their names on each
succeeding April 20th would be honor
ed and their memories revered as the
Saviors and the Rebukers of Greed,,
the Heralds of Peace.
And standing on the summit of life,
with the depths of eternity at their
feet and the setting sun shining
golden in their faces, they might have
cried out to all the world:
"Behold! The Great Martyrs!
"It is far, far better thing that we do
than we have ever done! It is far, far
better rest that we go to than we
have ever known!"
con
reason
LUDLOW: FIRST ANNIVERSARY
(By Frank J. Hayes)
One year ago—and yet it seem not
long,
So deep the hurt, so monstrous was
the wrong,
That still I see the shambles seared
and red.
for
by
the
the
this
and
ing
The
400
no
... ,
And hear the motilers crying for their
dead,
One year ago—and now we come to
lay
Those flowers upon their graves—turn
not away;
Nor hide the tears—nor think that you
are weak
Who feel within what tongue can
never speak.
IN MEMORIAM
(By Mother Jones)
To you, fair babes of Ludlow, who
gave up your lives on the alatr of in
dustrial freedom :
Ludlow has become the synonym
for tragedy. On the 20th of April,
1914, more than 20 women and chil
dren, went down to death among the
flames of fire and smoke while the
whiz of the leaden rain belched from
the machine guns of murder, chanted
the awful requiem over the dead bod
ies of human beings that were sacri
ficed to appease the hatred of insati
able greed. They did not die in vain,
for all over the bosom of the contin
ent the story of the brutal slaughter
has been written into the memory of
every man and woman whose hearts
beat for liberty, and the story of the
Ludlow massacre will remain indeli
bly engraved on the memory of labor
until the solidity of the working class
shall purple the horizon of the not
far distant future with the rosy dawn
of that coming civilizationwhere
woman and child shall breathe the
breath of freedom and no master shall
dictate the amount.
As I passed those Ludlow graves, I
heard a voice which said:
"Papa, where is Mamma?" a little girl
<t cried o'er its mother's grave.
"I am so lonesome without her; tell
me why she went away?
You don't know how much 1 am long
ing for her good-night kiss."
Papa placed his arms around her, as
she softly whispered this:
"Down in the city where there are no
sighs and tears, where the white
tombstone glares;
Down in the city of wasted years, you
r will find your Mamma there.
Wandering along where each smiling
face hides its story of lost cares,
Perhaps she is dreaming of you to
night, in that city where there
are no sighs and tears."
of
the
and
the
man,
sion
vides
or
when
the
of
for
when
14
child
ceed
child
other
are
Our Fight Is Your Fight
T J e Gtm . Worker purposes to take the lead if, the advo
hnn^ 0f K, mUn,C,pa ownersh, P of pubhc utilities and to use all
honorable argument to further the cause. We recognize that
such a course may bring us the active antagonism of the corpo
rate interests which would be affected by such a policy, but
•while we disclaim any personal feeling in the matter, ie are
thoroughly convinced that municipal ownership is the best pol
icy for the people at large and, therefore, will advocate it. We
would not put a straw in the way of any individual in the pur
suit of lus own business, but look upon this question as mere
y one of public policy and are thoroughly convinced that pub
lic utilities should be monopolistic in their character, and as is
universally recognized a privately controlled monopoly is in
tolerable m a free government—the government, alone, being
entitle to own, control and conduct a monopoly in the interest
of all the people, as it has conducted the post office monopoly
since the foundation of the government.
1 he Ciem Worker may lose some good advertising patron
age by the course which it is determined to follow, as few
monopolists believe in patronizing a paper which is opposed to
their aims and puropses, and we must ask the people at large
to stand with us and give us their patronage for our fight is
their fight. We are indeed proud of the support which we
receiving at the hands of organized labor and from the fair
business men of Boise who show their friendship for labor by
placing their advertising in a labor paper.
Now for a united and determined effort for public
ership of public utilities in Boise. We are gathering
nal of facts for the contest.
.He
own
an arse
Some Immigration Figures
Washington.—Immigration figures
for the monthof February, just issued
by the Federal department of labor,
shows there were but 18,704 immi
grants admitted during this period,
against 57,115 during the month of
February, 1914, an)d 108,963 during
March of the same year.
During the month of January, this
year, the admissions were 20,684, and
the latest rigufies (18,704, February,
1915) indicate an effect of the Eu
ropean war.
Hungary shows the greatest drop in
the number of immigrants admitted
during February, 1915. But eleven of
this nationality came to this country,
while 6,696 were admitted during Feb
ruary, last year. The Russian empire
and Finland are next, the report show
ing that during February, 1914, 9,697
were admitted, while but 159 arrived
during February, 1915. *
Italian maintains....m,r BN etaoin sh
Italy maintains an even proportion,
during February, 1914, the number
being 7,540; in February, 1915, 2,732.
The last report shows that 678 Jap
anese and 158 Chinese were admitted.
Of the 18,704 admitted during Feb
ruary, 1915, there were 1,544 laborers,
1,139 servants. 897 farm laborers and
400 farmers, and 5,287 listed as having
no occupation. Among the latter were
women and children.
Are Fighting For Freedom
Portland, Ore.—"Fighting for free
dom" is the reason the firm of Lipman,
Wolfe & Co. gives unionists for not
recognizing organized labor. The
workers ask this concern to
living wage, and the claims of "free
dom" are punctured by the publication
of rules governing the Association of
the Lipman, Wolfe & Co. employes,
which provides: All employes shall
belong to the association; all dues
and assessments shall be deducted in
the office from the salary of each
member, and that only heads ofde
partments shall hold office in the as
sociation.
pay a
WILL PENSION MOTHERS
Oklahoma City.—A mothers 1
sion law was one of the last acts of the
Oklahoma legislature. The bill pro
vides for the partial support of women
whose husbands are dead, or prisoners
or in a state institution for the insane,
when such women are poor ■and are
the mothers of children under the age
of 14 years. The allowance provided
for shall not exceed $10 per month
when she has but one child the age of
14 years, and if she has more than one
child under such age, it shall not ex
ceed $10 per month for the first
child and $5 per month for each of the
other children. Only certain counties
are included in the law.
pen
For Government Ownership
of
in
of
sh
Lincoln, Nebraska.——Evidence given
at the western railroad rate,hearing
in Chicago shows, that the well
aged roads are doing very well, and
are making good returns upon their
capitalization., It is the poorly man
aged roads and the roads that have
been looted and bled to death, that
are in financial straits. Yet the demand
is for a blanket increase in rates that
would affect all roads alike, both the
weak and the strong. In justice, any
increase granted should be only to the
weak roads, the ones that are in bad
financial condition. But that raises
this further question: Should the peo
ple be called upon to guarantee returns
to railroads that have been looted. If
the people through
agency must guarantee profits to rail
roads regardless of what their man
agement has been, it seems to us that
the people through the government
should have something to say about
who should manage the railroads.
This regulation business
deeper and deeper.
-man
a government
gets us in
. , Stireiy it must
end ultimately in government owner
ship.
The Lucky Life Savers Gain
W ashington.—Because a provision
in the new law creating the coast
guard escaped the eagle eye of con
gressmen and senators, all surfmen of
the old life-service will be retired on
a three-quarter pay basis, which will
give them more money than they drew
while in active service. The comptrol
ler of the treasury has ruled that the
three- quarter retirement pay must be
calculated on a yearly basis. The
surfmen ordinarily worked but six to
eight months a year and were paid on
a monthly basis only when they
worked. The comptroller says that
their retirement pay cannot be cal
culated under the law on the basis of
a part of the year but must be paid
on full 12 months.
of
in
a
Oppose Convict-Made Books
Springfield.—A bill before the state
legislature providing fo-- the printing
and oinding of school books by the
inmates of Joliet penitentiary is op
posed by the joint labor legislative
board consisting of the State Federa
tion of Labor, Railroad brotherhoods.
Women s. Trade Union leafeue, State
I eachers association and Farmers'
Educational and Co-operative union,
1 hese workers declare there is more
involved than the effect upon free la
bor bv the competition of convict la
bor. I hey insist there is a moral is
sue. and declare that the children of
Illinois must not be made dependent
upon convicts for their education.

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