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■ r~ V We are greeted every day with the remark-that The Gem Worker ia the best labor paper ever publish ed in Idaho, and we appreciate the compliment. It ia the purpose of the management to make The Gem Worker a recognized factor in the journalism of Idaho, a worthy ex ponent of union principles and as advocate of all those measures that will tend to the uplift of our com mon humanity. The Gem Worker speaks to and for the prcatiired labor member ship of Idaho. It baa a loyal and progressive constituency —the workers of the State. It stands for progress and achievement; for the rights and brotherhood of «nan ; for the development of Idaho and for the prosperity of all. There can be no better advertising medium and we solicit the patronage of pro gressive business firms. £7/, Â OnJ » •stlllm. J dll» ,<sil BOISE, IDAHO, THURSDAY, JULY 15, 1915 ( $i;00 Per Year. 5c a Oopy No. 7.) Vol. HI PLUNDERBUND TRICKS Advocate Peace-Oppose Seaman's Bill and Use Corrupt Press to Hoodwink People There never has been anything hz.i- labor from the oppression of a com There never has been anything hz.i be tant in ly is and an ers the a of are it the in of of T of pen in the last generation that has annoyed the Plunderbuftd as the fact that labor has at last recognition by the National Government. Chair Walsh of the Industrial Com mission has become the target of the publicity bureau, erroneously called newspepers throughout the East. But Chairman Walsh need not be at all downhearted because he is not high with the organs of plutoc He gains a hundred friends throughout the countrly every time he gains an opponent among the edi torial Cossacks among the pluto cratic pen pushing mercenaries While John D. Rockefeller, Sr., has un doubtedly added to his ill-gotten gains by the result of the labor dis pute in Colorado he also shortened his career as a dictator of American business several years, business is being shown up so com pletely that it takes considerable effronterv for any qjic to stand up and apologize for it* nowadays and every time one of his whitewashes attempt to put a coat of sufficient thickness to cover up the leopard spots it only Succeeds >in (making transparent the animal nature beneath the varnish. When the elder Rockefeller shuffles off and his sim pering son takes up the burden of responsibility of maintaining the earning power of the world's greatest fortune it is more than likely that the Rockefeller class of business will be thoroughly classified and blacklisted by the moral weight of the country. John D. Sr. is only important as the exponent of a type. His fortune and his individual destiny is of no con sequence one way or another in the future of the race. Once the exploit ing power of monopolistic control of industry is removed, once the pub lic are aroused to the point where ( r fhev see the "nigger in the wood pile" r and free industry from exploitation y / the sissy-boy simpleton who inherits ( the Rockefeller millions will spend his time patronizing Sunday-schools, endowing colleges and playing for newspaper space in order to keep himsef in the limelight. The greed of the Plunderbund has helped to hasten the day of their un doing. They were c#ught (napping when labor received recognition in high places and their stupid politics brought about by their silly over confidence in public miscreants who overplayed their hands, has made it impossible for them to ever again elect a traitor in the public interests. Plunderbund support is now enough of itself to destroy the last vestige of hope of a Presidential candidate. man ace racy. His class of more It' There could be nothing more ridic ulous and inconsistent than the cam paign now beinnp waged for the re peal of the LaFollettc Seaman's Bill. It is in effect based upon the assump tion that in order to operate success- _ fully it is necessary to make slaves of in sea workmen and pay them much less than a living wage. But the war upon such a just measure as is the Seaman's Bill offers an interesting Ktudy both to members of labor unions and outside public and the effect of the law on business of ship ping intersts of the country should be watched cljosdy,. By doing so, it will be an educational campaign worth much more to labor as a whole than just the material effect upon sea men employed by commercial ship ping interests to compete for work men, which of course will better liv ing conditions among the workers and raise wages. One of the most important gains from'close scrutinity of the people who are boldly championing the cause of repeal will be the knowledge of the class of people who can be de * pended upon to oppose morally and financially other just a* necessary measures. The power of our large monopolistic employing classes (I say large in the sense of the power which they yield, not large in num- a ber. Tjhejy are in 'fact very small numerically and are distinctly sepa rate in purpose from many of those who are under the impression that they must surrender to the monopo liitic influences), is so great and their purpose to hold every trench to the last ditch against the effort of labor to increase its' power so unfaltering that after a bill is made a law, if its' effect is such that labor gains inde pendence thereby, these powerful people will still continue the fight, Very often labor unions have made the mistake in the past of laying down to sleep after the passage of a piece of Congressional legislation in favor of justice. This is a very ser ious mistake on the part of those who oppose the schemes of our money mad monopolists." Eternal vigilance is the price of liberty" said Jefferson. and this is.just as true to-day as it was in his time. In order to free cal labor from the oppression of a com mercial despotism it is necessary to be alert and always fighting. One of the most tiresome and bla tant defenders of dishonest privilege in this country is an illustrated week ly known as Leslie's Weekly. This contemptible sheet is nothing but the spokeman for men who have only been able to save themselves from imprisonment by the use of tens of thousands of dollars and the employ ment of the best legal talent in thé United States. Whenever an attempt is made to correct glaring business abuses the editor of this sheet ad monishes'caution. His leather lungs and horse voice are raised every time I f', an investigation seems to be reaching deep enough to expose any and all of those who dictate the words he puts into black and white. Bjut such pap ers as Leslie's serve a good purpose unconsciously, whenever they oppose anything vehemently you can be sure there is something virtiuo-us about the thing it is fighting, because the time has long since elhpfced when such as thev have bad any prestige with the initiated. Their whole ap peal is to thé credulous, I have ques tioned at least a dozen people around barher shops where Leslie's circu lates most freelv and have yet to find a man who could not see through the poliev of its news accounts and edi torials. Tf it were not for the pictures and illustratiins Leslie's would create about as much smoke as a moulder of public opinion as a bunch of fire crackers in front of Warsaw. Its appeal is to the past, not the present, its' transparency is so thinly veiled that even the unsophisticated are beginning to tumble to the fact it is only an advertising effort to up hold bad economic policies. The Plun derbund are fast losing ability to play the newspaper end of their campaign successfulllv. They would do much better if they were more conserva tive in their language concerning those who advocate reforms of which they are the enemies. It is only those who seem to fall in line with public opinion that in the end are formidable because when they oppose a reform many people are led to believe it is because the reform is impracticable, but when Les lie's Weekly opposes this only signi fies! that the Plulidebund is afraid of the proposed measure because they know it will be effective. If I -was in doubt about the efficacy of a proposed remedy the first thing T would do would be to find how Leslie's Weekly regarded the mea sure and if it was fighting the mea sure that would be enough for me to form an opinion regarding the motive of the bill and the worth of it as a measure of reform. is in it _ What the Rockefellers consumated in Colorado should give the public a good idea of what thev would do in everv state in the union if a large standing artny was organized and they succeeded in naming the Presi dent and Cabinet of the .United States. But they wish to go further if allowed; the Plunderbund expect to name the nominations- of both parties, if possible, and then select the one which suits them best and change the form of voting in the mean time. If the Rockefellers are successful' at the next election in elding their Presidential candidate as thev so often have been in the past both union and organized labor will be removed from any representation on the boards of authoritv. The ap pointment of Walsh as Chairman of the Industrial Commission was a body blow to the Plunderbund's pttr pose of keeping tabor from gaining anv prestige in high places The howl of the editorial scavengers of the plutocratic press proves this but there is one great satisfaction to be gained bv the konwledge that without a tool of monopolistic piraev in the White House and in the Cabinet olu tocracy cannot be arrogant. There never a greater fallacy than the belief current among a great many People that monopoly had the Gov ernment and the people at its' mercy, The Plunderbund exist solely by suf ference and because there is yet a considerable number of people mis takenlv wedded to the opinion that the Government has to comply with the wishes of the plutocrats in order to keep the big business pirates from starving the country into submission, Monopoly never shows any spunk ex a cept when the White House is occu in pied with a mao who falls in line with its purpose. It is down on its knees begging and mud-slinging be hind the cover of plutocratic publicity bureaus. Labor needs to watch closely at it the next election to see that it is not seduced into the support of some one even 9 GOMPERS FOR SUFFRAGE Washington—In the American Federationist, July issue, Presi dent Gompers calls workers to join the trade union movement, to depend on themselves, and not allow their organizations to be weak ened and stifled by the furtile efforts of so-called "uplifters." He also (•eclares it is absolutely necessary for women to be accorded the right of suffrage. On this subject he says: "Whenever opportunity and development are restricted, there influence and power are also restricted. Women cannot assume equal rights with free men in the industrial struggle while classified with idols and irresponsibles in political affairs. "As a matter of justice, working women demand the ballot. They demand the right to participate in the determinations of politi cal affairs because they are affected by those determinations. The ballot cannot long be denied them. The ballot will bring power, be cause it will bring full citizenship." President Gompers gives these reasons for organization of women Workers : „ I f', e ],] But industrial freedom must be fought out on tire industrial It will be achieved when wage-earning women hold in their own hands the right and the power to participate in determining the conditions under which they shall work and the wages they shall receive. They can delegate this power and responsibility to no out side authority if they wish industrial freedom. "There is no easy way—but if anything in life is worth while it is the beautiful ideal of a rational individual ordering his own life in full acceptation of thç opportunities and the limitations of freedom. Protection and regulation may offer immediate relief—but they are not freedom. "Industrial freedom is not a sex problem—it is a human prob lem. The same principles apply to men apd women alike. "The women's movement for freedom must be real and candid it must not allow itself to be suffocated or deviatalized by frivolities and pink-tea imitations that have so long kept women from healthy, sane living. Those who profit by the exploitation of women will offer substitutes for the trade union movement—welfare work, vocational associations, and other charitable or semi-cha.ritable institutions. The fight of women for industrial freedom is made doubly difficult by the usable tradition of the «Conomic dependence of women, by pat ronizing social workers and by those who would protect women in order to keep her from exercising her own will power and becoming a member of society upon equality with all. N "The trade union movement is the movement that offers women .the opportunity to secure freedom as well as industrial protection. who receives the plutocratic approv al. Whoever the pirates recommend through the newspapers as a safe can didate for the people will be one who has granted them a promise of im munity for past crimes and a.guar antee of non-intereference for others being hatched. "The League to Enforce Peace, American 'Branch," the new peace or ganization started at Independence Hall Philadelphia^ has the support of too many people who still think war the ony practical solution of settlement of great questions arising betweent nations. There really could be nothing more absurd than a Lea gue to enforce peace, because when ever a dispute between several nations occurred, the oress of the different nations would tak up the cry that the Peace Court was manned by enemies of justice, was partial to one side or the other, and that force was the only solution. Each nation would take sides, as in the present war, and the governments, still desiring something that did not belong to them would raise the cry "We.are being attacked by mi enemy who desires to destroy In looking over the prominent names mentioned in the new Leagiue to Enforce Peace, I see the well known people who wished to "bust" the trusts by appointing trust attor neys to enforce the law, who wished to regulate the tafjff downward by ap pointing men to a commission who wanted higher tariffs, who loved the laborer as long as he was quiet, con tented and satisfied with a weekly skinning, who are in favor of justice in spots and under certain conditions and are probably in favor of peace if it does not interfere with t(}e profits of war munition manufacturers. Peace is a long way off and it will only come permanently when irre sponsible governments are replaced by democratic ones, when poverty, hunger and misery have taught the credulous victims of monarchies and despotisms that their enemies art within theier own frontiers and when they hurl royalty from power. The friends of war are the rich, aristocrat ic and arrogant and we have them right here in the United States as well as anywhere else. They have a fellow feeling. They profess hope in future peace but are not ready to believe in it now, they talk arbitration but they think 42-centimeters and submarines, they do not wish American intervention in Mexico, provided the Mexicans be have themselves and if we are forced to send an army there they jwili be in favor of it»' withdrawal at a time when the Mexicans are fitted for self government (Which they hope will a at ui fl be a long distance in the future) they are willing to promise anything, to say anything but to do nothing but, skim the cream off the profits of in* dustry and coo the producer into a state of slumber with pretty phrases and sweet luutibys of hope for re ward beyond the grave. As long as the beneficiaries of in justice are placed where they can con tinue it we will get empty promises and excess verbiage but no action. The fat, the smug and the contented never want a change. Improvement comes from the efforts of the serious the oppressed andthe militant. The man who has gained a swag, from preying upon industry does not feel any necessity of changing the order of things: -he wants to "let well enough alone," he is more than willing to stand-pat. When the victims of op pression have gained sufficient self respect to discard all his wishes and laugj) at his preachments there will be a new deal all around. It is to be hoped that the destitution starvation, bankruptcy and beggar dom that is the certain aftermath of the present world convulsion will be sufficiently impressive to wake up the people of Europe to see through the scum of benighted hero-worship that has befogged their vision and that they will turn upon their oppressors, the men whô have ruled them from within, and drag them from power and into oblivion. By MARCUS DAY. And any real movement for perma nent peace will not come in the United States thru the efforts of men who sympathize and stand close to our large monopolistic property in terests. Without fore.e the latter would be certain to go down. The money mad plutocrats! of the United States will give no real encouragement to any movement that would make im possible the creation of a large stand ing army because it is only a stand ing army that could prevent the peo ple from becoming masters of the wealth they have created. Monopoly, militarism and autocratic government are all the same in purpose, the op pression of the producing class and the suppression of the latter by force, after persuasion fails. There is no way that it can con tinue without force because educa tion and enlightenment are menacing the predatory classes with overthrow by the ballot. The American monop olist* intend to remove the ballot if they can because if they do not they are doomed. No sincere effort for a continuance of our present state of non-compul sory military service will come from those who believe in the present eco nomic injustices practiced by our mul ti-millionaire bandits of industry and finance. fl FIGHT WHITE PLAGUE Special Article Dealing With Best Methods of Preventing Tuberculosis Workingmen are, always aroused when an employer or a group of em ployers suggest a reduction in wages. How many of them who read this article ever stop to think of the enor mous sums of money they are losing wages every year due to one pre ventable disease, tuberculosis. A careful study of 500 Boston men who had consumption, and most of whom died with it, has revealed the fact that these men alone lost over $425,000 in wages as a result of this disease. The investigators in this study were not guessing; they actually look ed up the wages that the various nren had been getting when they were sick the length of time they were sick, and thus the amount of money they lost could be easily figured up. Each of these men lost on an average in hard cash nearly $1,000 in wages alone to say nothing of the enormous loss to his family and the community suf fering that this disease caused. It was found that out of the 500 men, 495 had to give up their work because of tuberculosis, and that the average number of weeks of complete disabil ity when they could do nothing, rang ed from 58 to 89, depending on whether the men were living or dead at the time of investigation!. The average rate of wages was about $11.50 and the total loss amounted to $426,039. moit conservative estimate would place the number of deaths of work ingmen from tuberculosis last year at 50,000. If, on an average, every one of them lost $1,000 in wages, the total loss would amount to $50,000, of as a wage 000 in one year. The actual loss is probably considerable larger than the number of writers placing it sum a as high as $150,000,000. It will be plain, however, to every workingman from these figures that an attack of tuberculosis means a serious loss in How T" Just' a few suggestions may save you mon ey. Read them carefully. 1. Live in the fresh air as much as you can. You may have to work in side, but by keeping a window open and by getting a few deep breaths of out door air at frequent intervals, you can help to insure your health. If you are at home, keep the windows open, and always sleep with plenty of fresh air circulating through the Outdoor play exercises are to money, happiness, and htajtfi. can this disease be warded off room. be preferred. , . , . 2. Eat all the good, plain food you Average Wage Defined \ Free Speech General of ly of Philadelphia, Pa.—The North Am erican of this city, in a leading edi torial, opposes views of George Wharton Pepper, who believes that free speech should not difer from the ethical sense of the community," and should not injure the "sensibilities, "of those holding diffierent views. ' The viewpoint of Mr. Pepper is taken as a defense of the dismissal of Prof. Scott Nearing by the University of Pensylvania trustees, and the Nortlh American comments as fol lows: "If the sanctity of sensibilities had been a bar to free speech, there would have been no exposure of the New Haven railroad scandal, grundyism would be exploiting the labor of chil dren unchecked, railroad rebating and food adulteration would still be im mune from opposition; the venal poli tician, the promoter of special privi lege, the violator of health and safety laws the corruptor of public servants, the faithless official, the unjust judge _all y Would be able to pursue their il legitimate ends without fear. "It is because of free speech, be there have been men fitted and willing to arouse public opinion against these subtle workers of in iquity, that the standards of public morality have become more exacting and the protection of society from crimes of cunning has been made more secure. "The'ethical sense of the commu nity' was bitterly outraged by the Declaration of Independence, and if if had prevailed the men who dared to draft that document would have been silenced. The far-seeing patriots who launched the agitation against human slavery were denounced as wicked as sailants of a divinely ordered institu tion, and their views were so discord ant' with prevailing opinion that in many sections of the country they went in dange of their lives.' NEW AGREEMENT SIGNED Newburg, N. Y.—The Typographi cal union reports that a new five-year agreement, with betterments, has been signed with employers. The Bakers' union has reduced working hours from nine to eight arid secured a agreement. A contract has also been entered into between the Street Car Men's union and the local company. cause can digest comfortably. Egt a variety of foods, not all meats or all vege tables, but some of various kinds, such as fruit, meats, fish, vegetables, milk, eggs, etc. Your stomach, bowels, liver and other digestive organs re quire three tilings primarily, nourish ing foods, liquids, particularly water and bulk. Many things you'eat, such as some vegetables, do not nourish the body but they are needed for bulk in your intestines to prevent constipa- » tion. What you eat will determine to a large extent your ability to resist attacks of tuberculosis and other dis eases. 3.. Rest is as necessary to health as is food or air. Some people re quire more rest than others; but every working man or woman should try to get at least 8 hours of rest every night or day in bed. Besides this, every one should find opportunity to rest and relax while at work or between periods of work. One may relax without stopping work, simply by changing or shifting one's position or task. If you work hard with your hands during the day, a certain amount pf mental work at night may be a recreation. It is monotony of work, doing the same thing over and over, day in and day out in the same way that kills. Anyone can break monotony if he tries. 4. This leads us to suggest recrea tion or play or exercise as a part of your daily life. Don't play so that you become all tired out, for then the play is dangerous. Everyone needs some play, but not too much. You can't work all day and dance and carouse all night and keep your health. Sooner or later the strong est constitution will break and the re sistance to disease will become po low that the onset of tuberculosis or other diseaes cannqt be avoided. 5. A hundred more rules and sug gestion» might be given, but enough has been said to show that the safe guarding of yonr health against tu berculosis depends to a large extent upon you. If you live a clean, regu lar life, your chances of escaping tu berculosis are far better than those of the man who bums the candle of his life at both ends and who pays no attention to his greatest wealth, his own health. This article has been prepared for the Gem Worker by the National Association for the Study and the Pre vention of Tuberculosis. Helena, Mont.—'Attorney General Poindexter has upheld the miners in their point that compensation awards should be based on weekly earnings, computed as follows; The total wages earned during a certain period, say a year, should be divided by the exact number of days of actual employment. This sum, multiplied by six, would be the week ly wage. Coal miners work on the piece, or ton, scale and they do not work con tinnosly for a year. At a conference of mine operators, miners and mem bers of the state accident board the question of "what is a weekly wage" was discussed. The new compensa tion law is vague on the subject AH parties to the conference agreed that the working vear of the coal miner averaged 240 days. On this basis the operators insisted that the average weekly wage should be determined by the following process: Ascertain the total earnings capac ity of a miner for 240 days and then divide it by 52. Attorney General Poindexter reject ed this claim and stmnorted the min ers' position. He r.uled: "There are a number of cases at tending the mining^ of coal where a fixed daily wage is paid. In such it would be manifestly idle, if not ridiculous, to contend, because the employment is not continuous throughout the year, that the daily wage received at the time of the in jury is not the fixed amount actually paid the workman per dav, hut the average per diem earned in a calen dar vear, based tfpon 240 working davs." , After quoting the different plans of compensation, the official con cludes: "I am, therefore, nf the opinion that a construction of the law such as is contended for by the ooerators would he unjust to the employes and inequitable hi its consequences." vases PLUMBERS STRIKE Portland. Me.—Plumbers and steam fltters are on strike to enforce an av erage wage of $4.40 per day of eight hours. Employers refused to accept the new rates, despite numerous ef forts of the workers to settle the ques tino. '