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This Paper is the Official Organ of the Idaho State Federation of Labor and Boise Trades and Labor Council
The Gem Worker is one of the solid and substantial publications of Idaho, and has a standing in the field never before To the extent that the loborera support a labor paper by their sub* scriptions is it a valuable medium for advertisers. The Gem Work er is most loyally supported by the organized labor of Idaho and of Boise in particular. To this fact is due the splendid advertising pat ronage which the paper receives, as the business men feel that they are given through its columns a special ami individual invitation to every wage earner in the city and state. 71 newspaper achieved by a labor paper in this State. With the splendid news service of the Federation's Wash ington bureau and with an ex change list of the leading papers of the Nation. The Gem Worker is enabled to bring all the news of the world of labor to your door. Every union member in the State of Idaho should be a subscriber. J ,.À Ills. A\ Â tfc hmnlfi BOISE, IDAHO, THURSDAY, AUGUST 24, 1916 ($1.00 Per Year. Vol. 4. No.JL3.) 5c a Copy ■ MR. GOMPERS' REPLY Sherman, of Takes a Fall Ont of Senator Illinois for Attack you vote who ate. but who of the now er or with the Samuel Gompers replied to the at tack of Senator Lawrence Y. Sher man in a letter which has been given to the labor press and which is as follows: August 17, 1916. Hon. Lawrence Y. Sherman, Senator from Illinois. Dear Sir: A few days ago, among a number of things that you took occasion to discuss in addressing the United States Senate when the Merchant Marine bill was under consideration, you made a violent attack upon me personally. 1 shall not undertake here to make answer to your misrepresentation of me; your wilful, malicious, false and unwarrantable accusations and insin uations, they may cussion at some other time, there is not a word 1 have uttered, nor an action 1 have taken, but which has been directed and approved by the American and its great rank and file, ly inference of your attack, therefore, is not upon me personally or offic ially, but upon the policy, principles and activity of the A. F. of L. and the whole body of the the to not me can a to of I ed veil be left for dis Hut Federation of Labor The on ake earners who striving in an have been and are American fashion and lawful manner J1 better standard of life, | and equal rights and concepts these rights with every other citizen to secure a of our Republic. After assuring, the president of the that Senate that you would not occupy I the floor so long as the last time you indulged in some comment on the shipping bill, you then, by way of ex plaining your position upon that bill, declared "Mr. Gompers is a public nuisance." It is a necessary inference that the portion of your remarks im mediately following constitute the grounds for your judgment, natural interpretation of your various, assertions is that the political policy and in as as The of the American Federation of Labor is displeasing to you, and inevitably the question whether or not raises you would have stigmatized the Pres ident of the American Federation of Labor as a public nuisance, if he had publicly endorsed the members of th^ United States Senate, including your self, had you voted in favor of ex cluding associations of wage earners from the application, of anti-trust leg islation. And I am again constrained to won der if you would have stigmatized me public nuisance had you found pliant and usable in furthering your political aspirations, or if you thought my personal influence, or the . influence of my office, could be se cured by offer of reward, whether money or office. From both the tone and the con text of your remarks upon the Mer as a me The Red Cross is furnishing free medicine to be placed in forest re serve camps containing first aid med icines in order that tourists and campers may use them in case of sickness or accident. I sickness or accident. Link's Business College The School that get results Fall Term Begins Tuesday, Sept. 5th Many students have already enrolled. Others arc enrolling every day. Call, w'rite or telephone and let us explain to you the many splendid opportunities a course in Link's Business College will bring to you. Positions Guaranteed to Graduates The demand for young-men bookkeepers and stenographers cannot be supplied. Because of the improved business conditions and the scarcity of young men, we are unable to supply the demand for competent young women. Recently a young lady accepted a position at an initial salary of $60 a month, an other at $70. and within the last week we have had a dozen calls we could not fill. The demand upon us is increasing and we must have at least four hundred young men and women begin their course with September 5th in order to supply the demand. US Write for Illustrated Catalogue ' H. H. COPPEDGt Manager 1015 Idaho Street Boise, Idaho Phone 10SS-J i;3 uliil Lite £1C. chant Marine hill, it is evident that you are addressing all those who shall vote at the polls in the November election, rather than the lawmakers who constitute the United States Sen ate. The insinuations you make are calculated to appeal to the prejudiced, but they are repugnant to honest men who have regard for the good name of a man who for years has con tributed the best that is in him to the cause of humanity. 1 have never attempted and do not now attempt, as~f have not the pow er to deliver the vote of any man or group of men. with the affairs of the American labor movement as guided and decided by the rank and file of the workers of America. i I ] I j ! I am entrusted If the truth which I state as to j the antagonism toward labor and la- ! bor's interests and the interests of the people generally, is intolerable to you, or to any other man, that is not my fault. It is impossible for me to be either tyrannical or arbi trary, for there are no such powers vested in the President of the Ameri can Federation of Labor. As an of- j ? licer in the labor movement, and as a citizen, it is my right and my duty ' to advise my fellow citizens ami fel- j vv workers. j I am thankful that I was not indict- I I ed either with the "Indianapolis dyn or with any others. I im agine that you ought to be thankful I 1 J1 | lamiters" j ! jagme tfiat you ought to lie thank,,.. | that you w V e not indicted with bank ! I defaulters, trust speculators and other ! buccaneers in the industrial and com- j mercial field; simply because you be lieved in their innocence is no good grounds for your indictment, no more than for mine when the "Indianapolis dynamiters' 'declared their innocence and I believed them to he innocent. It comes with bad grace from you, Senator Sherman, to make so unwar rantable an attack upon one who at least can hold up his head equally with you before his fellow citizens in anj* assembly or before the bar of public opinion of America. You have endeavored to call me be fore your partisan political tribunal and to convict me of diverse crimes, even without trial. You then advo cate pitiless publicity and challenge me to answer you "like a man." accept your challenge and will meet you in any public forum that you may designate, whether in Washington or in the metropolis of the state you represent, in order that the people "may be given a chance" to judge as to the justice of your attack, and as to the wisdom of the political pdt* icy of the American Federation of Labor. I Yours, etc., (Signed) SAMUEL GOMPERS, President, American Federation of Labor. Gov. Alexander has requested the treasury department to take into con sideration the advantages which Boise presents in the location of one of the 12 farm land banks soon to be es tablished. re of ■ Raiboads Will Yield to Demands (By Marcus How the financial crooks who die- | täte to business would rejoice if they j I had Mr. Hughes and a Hughes cab- ! inet in Washington during this strug gle between railroad owners and era ployees over wages and hours? What j rage must be suppressed when they [ > s look toward Washington for govern- be mental assistance in strangulation of of the brotherhoods. They have lost the key to victory and you can wager that a temporary settlement to the controversy is certain. The interests are not going, to commit suicide by a rule or ruin policy at this stage of the game in politics. Their hope of defeating the universal recognition of the eight-hour day in train-service wi Il 1 >c based upon their expectant success at the polis in November. Watch the lesult of negotiations be tween the managers and employees concerning the length of time any new agreements are to run. It won't be hard to fathom a railroad desire i to coax a short contract only. The I magnates are already beaten as re gards temporary compliance with most of the demands but they will be stubborn to the last degree upon the question of signing up agreements for more than six months. It will be noticed that the Republican press is pussyfooting very softly right now ion the merits of this controversy and ] is attempting, to appear fearful of I disaster to the country from a strike, j About the only public-opinion form ing articles are paid for and labeled ! advertisements. Should Mr. Hughes as j ! j ? ' j j I I 1 ' j be elected open hostility to the ei^ht hour day will be sung as good* Re ! publican doctrine and the transporta | wil , use governmental of ! fice . hoIders to bacU them up. There ! is nothing more certain than that he will select a plutocratic cabinet in case of election. He could not get any other kind confirmed hy a Senate made up of reactionaries. The long delayed ripening of pub ic ownership sentiment is certain to j ( SOCIETY NOTES «■ J MISS MARNN ANT 1 SEU.. EAU't». ftwe 1946 * Showers for the lovely brides-to-be have been numerous this week. A few dinner parties and motor trips 'have prevented the time from abso lutely hanging, heavily on hand. Hikers Entertain The party who are hiking from Portland to New York gave a most interesting program at the Baptist Church Tuesday evening. The little reader, Geneve Norris was greatly en joyed in the selections she gave. Mu sic, both instrumental and vocal were interesting features of the evening. * * * ed of Miscellaneous Shower Miss Beatrice Friedline entertained in honor of Miss Margaret Gould, Wednesday afternoon. The party was in the nature of a miscellaneous Miss Gould received many shower, pretty presents. # * * Pleasant Motor Trip One of the pleasantest motor trips of the week was the one taken by Mr. Dean Perkins, his daughter. Miss Ed na Perkins, and Mr. and Mrs. Harry Shellworth. They motored to Smith's F'erry, Cascade, Payette Lakes and returned to Boise Tuesday. * * * Week End Party One of the pleasant affairs of the week was the week-end party at Falk Store, at the home of Mrs.O. Miller when a party from Boise composed of her mother, Mrs. Lucina Shipman, Mr. Clarence Anderson, Mrs. Glenn Berry, and Mr. E. Solemnberger made the trip in an automobile anil return ed home Sunday evening. » * * Miss Loraine Selby returned Wed nesday from Emmett, where she has been visiting her sister, Mrs. Cartee Wood. A. O. Christopher assesor of Can yon county has been arrested on a second charge in which the shortage in his accounts in addition to the first charge is $10,333.50 and the bond for his appearance has been fixed at $ 1000 . Marcus Day) | be hastened by this crisis, strike or j no strike, but an open break and a I tiertip of transportation would at once ! launch an array of prominent and able spokesmen in favor of govern ment purchase who are now only j quiet because they understand that it [ > s useless to attempt a forcing of pub be sentiment on such questions. They prefer to let the greed-blind kings of transportation unconsciously take the initiative in such matters. Re publicanism is the logical apologist for railroad finance and management as it now' exists and indications point directly toward the issue keeping Re publicanism in a minority for another generation. The w'riter hopes that the issue will b<*a means of eliminating many reactionary Democrats from that party's policy formation. The time is rapidly advancing to a point when there will be a parting of the ways between the two factions of Democracy and such questions as this one of public purchase of the trans portation lines is one of the most important rocks upon which utterly hostile forces must cleave assunder. When government purchase seems in evitable the forces of reaction in both vill attempt a sweeping cam parties paign of education in order to mould public sentiment into accepting highly There will be bil involved in the settlement as well, as a precedent for further gov ernment purchase. Upon the one hand will the looters of today screaming "confiscation" to all who advocate dollar for a dollar of value and in the meantime every effort will be made to corral again a "safe and sane" majority in botfi branches of congress. The fact that this process of whole sale robbery thru stock-watering went on unhampered by government in the past is proof that it will be defended as a "natural right" by the tories of Privilege both in politics and behind it. The future promises many storms on the sea of politics. fictitious values, lions but Pretty Doll Party Mrs. C. T. Miller entertained Wed nesday evening in honor of her little guest, Florence Hill of Mountain Home. The little folks brought their dolls and played games all evening. One doll was older than her solici us, the ver W. tous mama, having attained the dig nity of her twelvth summer. When the dainty luncheon was serv ed it was received with happy ripples of laughter and delight by the little It was strictly a doll lim guests. chcon, served in doll style and in doll dishes. The tiny guests were Winifred Wardell, David Gill, Lsicile Baryl, Wallace Wardell, Charles Gill, David Gray, John Finsley, King Kaiser, Valentine Kelly. Jane Finsley, Robert Miller and Joe Miller. Sweet peas decorated the rooms and the luncheon table. * * * for Pretty Party Mrs. Swanson of Ustick entertain ed about 70 guests Tuesday afternoon in honor of Miss Anna Gustasson who is soon to be married to Mr. Victor Dahlberg. most artistically decorated in a gold and white color scheme. After the guests had all assembled. Miss Gus tasson was requested to pull a streamer that was connected to an umbrella, suspended in the archway. As she touched the ribbon the um brella tipped and a shower of pres ents fell over and around her. Before leaving the guests all wrote in a little friendship book and pre sented it to her. The house was * * * Enjoyable Dinner Party Mrs. Lucina Shipman entertained at dinner Tuesday evening in honor of Mr. and Mrs. Taylor. A prettily set table with a centerpiece of sweet peas held covers for 14. The fire department was called out Sunday by a fire caused from a de fective fiue in the residence of Mrs. Smith at the corner of Walnut a ud East Bannock streets. The fire w»| soon placed under control and but little .damage was done. ? a at A FRIEND OF LABOR Ail Workers Should Rally to the Support of Congressman McCracken The editor of The Gem Worker, with others who take an interest in the welfare of the laboring man and the farmer, has been making tigation of the records of the and up l be be can an tnves sever al candidates who are up for re-nom ination at the primaries to be held September 5th and on ush to call at tention to one official who is heart and soul with the rank and file of the working found at all times supporting measure that is proposed for the ben efit of the common people. We speak of Hon. Robt. McCracken, the junior Congressman from Idaho, been tried and not found wanting. masses, and who will be the ly a nett it bill, any He has Ilf; for be HON. R. M. McCRACKEN He* has been on the right side of every question affecting the rights and welfare of the wage-earner and has done this utterly regardless of any party ties. He has supported ev ery measure endorsed by organized labor and he has done even more, being, found voting right upon those ,ho, which have arisen from time |to en. issues to time affecting the interests of la- by borers and farmers, but which had not received sufficient prominence to j He is with to not for any reason of expediency, us but because he is fundamentally for right and justice and has been a stu lent of modern complex conditions 'receive our endorsement. us, I Mr. Berg has closed his deal for the sale of the Berg mines located at Rooster Comb 8 miles north of Sib ver City to John M. and Hamilton j W. Baker of Denver for the sum of it is said to be a fine prop $55.000. erty but has not been worked for sev eral years on account of pending liti gation which has been finally cleared away. C. E. Thum, well and favorably known in Boise circles, is a candidate for county commissioner in the first district, on the Republican ticket. Mr. Thum is well qualified for the posi tion to which he aspires and is a genial and accomodating gentleman with whom it is a pleasure to deal, The public would get a square deal and courteous treatment from Mr. ] Thum as a public official and no mis take would be made in his election. Fall Hats Brand New Up-To-Date Line Just Arrived All the latest styles-Prices within the reach of à 11 It on our shelves We still have some summer gi which we have no regard foij price—They must or your gain H Austin Fur & go regardless of our try Company Streets [•1 Eighth and Jeff« S3 and ha sa tl orough grasp of the sit uation. Mr. forefront of trship of t up from the McCracken is in the very the real progressive lead te times. Having come ranks himself—being in every way a self-made man—Robt. McCracken l or can ale be returned be kept tht can grow and become national in its is a man upon whom la ays depend. He should to Congress and should re so that his influence scope. Mr. McCracken has been in tensely loyal to every true interest of the people of Idaho, and has faith fully fulfilled every pledge which he made at tin time of his election two It is our duty then to give McCracken our undivided sup port for the re-election which is just ly due, and thus show to the world that the laborer and the farmer apre ciatc a loyal representative of the people. We should renominate him a two-fold majority demonstrating that a true representative can always count upon loyal support. •acken supported the Bur nett Immigration bill, the Rural Cred it bill, the bill, and tli years ago. Mr. Mr M re Employees Compensation le Child Labor bill. He also showed his loyalty in fighting against and being instrumental in de feating the ''Stop Watch" system of "efficiency" as used upon govern ment employees. It will be reinem-' bered that Senator Borah denounced this system in vigorous language when it was proposed in the Senate some years ago. Mr. McCracken will always be found with us and in return is mtitled to the unanimofis support of the citizens for whom he has been liyall orking at Washington for the past two years, and he should be retaine 1. There is not one mark ,ho, has in |to make pjood for his head is guided irt and his heart is in the "Bob" McCrack against hi$ record. en. as he s familiarly known in Ida ade good and will continue by his he right plac j It is out duty, let use repeat then, to stand ly McCracken, and those of us who enter the Republican primar ies should cast our ballots for the re nomination of a tried and faithful rep resentativt— Robert M. McCracken. I Secretary Flannagan of the federal jfarni loanl board has sent out the fol lowing warning to farmers and oth j ers interested. "Representations by any person that any organization is now offering to make loans Bjr auth ority of the farm loan board under the federal farm loan act is false." Ray Cunningham has been out among the voters for the past week and experts to cover the whole coun ty in hil campaign for the Republi ination for county assessor. can nom Mr. Cunningham is a consistent union man, having been a member of the Printer's Local for the past ten years or! so. No one questions his qualifications for the office which he seeks and his friends are backing ] him with enthusiasm. Cast your hal lot for Ray Cunningham and it will be for a worthy man.