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% Worte« to one of the _ «ad substantial of Idaho, *nd ha« « at tiona To the extent that the loborers their sub le medteat - In the field never before support a labor paper by jcriptions is it a valuabl ■_ for advertisers. The Gem Work er is most loyally supported by the organized labor of Idaho and of Boise in particular. To this fact is due the splendid advertising pat ronage which the paper receive», aa the buainese men feel that they are given through its columns a special and individual invitation to every wage earner in the city and state. • achieved*!» Ä » labor paper in this the splendid news Stata. hatten ohaags list of the isading papers of the Netion. Ute Gem Worker la enabled to bring all the nows of the world of labor to your door. Evsry union member fat the State of Idaho should be a subscriber. and with 4M«Jm » to. Fhis Paper is the Official Orga n of the Idaho State Federati on of Labor and Boise Trades and Labo r Council $1.00 Per Year, vot.4. No. 31. BOISE . IDAHO, THURSDAY, DECEMBER 38,1916 5c a Cotty SEAMEN TO WILSON International Union of America Sends Greetings to the President (From Committee on Industrial Re lations.) At last, in America, Jack is every inch a sailor, and «0 longer a .chattel •lave. The Twentieth Annual Con vention of the international .'Seamen's Union «of America, which has just closed an historical session in New Tori? 0%, celebrated this fact by sending to President Wilson, as its Erst ^official -act, the following iele gram of congratulation: "The international .Seamen's Union of America, in twentieth annual Kentian assembled, sends .best wishes and heartiest congratulations your réélection. ' "Bor ti»e firm time in history the seamen of America are now meeting as freemen. With your good self at the helm for flour years more we feel confident of our ability to .demon strate .to all America that the Sea men VAct, to which yon affixed your signature, stands firm for human i freedom, second for greater safety of iife at sea, and last but not least for equality of opportunity for .the Ameri can ship and the American ship owner. Andrew Furuaeth." President Wilson's answering letter of thanks and best wishes was read te a convention of forty-five delegates representing 190 per cent maze anion teamen than there were jn the aervice of American ships one year ago and before the new law went into effect. The prophecy of Andrew Furusetb, president of the union, Able Seaman, and a survival of the old Vikings, is coming true» The American Sailor to going back to the sea and he to go tog back a free man." Just what that means, in its many ways, to tiie United States and to the: internationalism of the Seven Seas was briefly indicated in statements made to the committee on Industrial Relations by Paul Scharrenberg, edi ter of the Coast Seamen's Journal of San Francisco and a delegate -to the convention, and was set forth in the report of T. A, Hanson, International Secretary of the Seamen. "Everybody connected with the sea trades has been benefited immensely already," said Mr. Scharranberg, "ex cept the American investor in foreign ships, whose interest was to drive American ships and sailors from the seas and to keep all sailors in every world port staves, subject to be run down and captured and turned over to slave chains if they dared to exercise the-right of every free man and quit their jobs. These same investors in foreign ships, and members of the international shipping trust, have been the same ones, by the way, who have talked no loudly about the American flag* and yet have hired Orientals at indecent wages to the practical ex clusion of the American seamen. "The American flag is being restor ed 10 the sea, along with the American sailor, by the Seamen's Act. Just con sider one side advantage which this means. Hie merchantman sailor is the recruit for the nalion's navy. Of the MDjOBD or mort union sailors in the -British merchant fleets, more than 16,000 arc now serving on the British man-if war. growing navy will have the reserve force for time of need of the young men trained ia the ways of the sea on her merchant vesaela and having the fins spirit and strength that be con upen America's necessarily Von«, only to free men. "The Americaif Seamen's Act is benefiting •seamen all the world over," emtintted Mr. Scharrenberg. "As it appiks to the sartors and ships of all nations that touch American ports, its New Ships for U. S. Federal Postal Washington—The bureau of naviga Washington—In his annual report Postmaster General Burleson recom mends that early action be taken by congress declaring a government mo nopoly over all utilities for the public transmission of intelligence and that as mom as possible the telephone and telegraph facHRtts of the United States be incorporated into the postal sols, on ship part of everybody connected with the i -ship. It is certain that after the Sea men's Act has been in operation an other year or two, that not even the ship owners will want to repeal it. Instead, we will find thaï ali other maritime nations will follow the lead set by the United States." The internationalism of the con vention was strongly emphasized by the pretence and active participation in it of delegates fsom Great Britian and from Japan. Delegates B. Suzuki, of the latter country, and J. Hansen of Great Britian and Ireland, as well as Richard McGhee, Member of Parii ment, and Harry Gosling, who had been delegates from Great Britian to the conventioqof the American Fed eration of Labor, told of the efforts not only for their respective coun tries but cd all the foreign countries to have similar seamen's laws enacted there. A special bulletin and an at tempt to value the message of these foreign delegates to the seamen and to the trade union movement in general will be issued soon by the Committee Relations, result is to make all ship owners ot all nations pay the same good wages and maintain the same good conditions for health and safety on the vessels. This equalization rc Hevea the American ship owners of competition of for eign low wages and of fugitive slave Jaws for seamen and of unsafe ves Condensing the benefits of the law, .Secretary Hanson's report asserted: "The change has been not alone in' improved safety, in tiie worioing con ditions and to some extent in the Of tiie men, hat Che whole life been improved, and instead of the old spirit of bitterness and hatred, inevitable under the slave laws that held the men, there is an air of freedom and a growing recogntion of rights and responsibilities on the As showing what the merchant sail ors of Europe thought of the American Seamen's Act, the visiting delegates told of the appropriation by the union of Great Britian of more than $400 to help the American International to resist efforts to repeal the law. They told also of that union's purpose to contribute consistently if need be for the upholding of real manhood liberty on the sea. Now to have the Seamen's Act so administered, through the Department of Commerce, that its full spirit and leter shall be put into effect is the great aim of the International as it was of the convention. The worse of fense against the law and against the seamen is the slack and truly unlaw ful way in which the Department of Commerce, under its present direc tion, "softens" the language tests for the crews and thus still in many cases permits vessels to be manned by coot ies and by ignorant, incompetent per sons who do not understand the un interpreted, emergency orders of then officers. Delegates to the convention condemned Eugene T. Chamberlain, Gommisisoncr of Navigation, and George C. Uhler, Chief of the Steam boat Inspection Bureau, in the Com as being responsi merce ble directly, and blamed Secretary as beàsg responsible at least indirectly, for his violation and par tial negation of the beneficent law. Hie fast growing strength of the fast growing International Seamen's Union of America was pledged for the fight against these administrative non Washington—The bureau of naviga tion, department of commerce, reports that up to November 1, 1,066 sailing, steam, « as and unrigged ships, a total mouths of last year 1,216 ships, a gross tonnage of 215,602 were con structed. These figures are of especial interest when the dismal prophecies of sea men's law opponents are recalled. « ree Insurance For Railroad Men "The board of .directors of the Un ion Pacific, at a special meeting held recently, approved, effective January 1, 1917, a plan that has been long tin der consideration whereby every em ploye of the Union Pacific Railroad Company, Oregon Short Line Rail road Company, and Oregon-Washing ton Railroad and Navigation Com pany, who has been, or shall be year in the service, and whose pensation does not exceed $4,000,00 per annum, regardless of age or con dition of health, and without any dis crimination, shall be provided at the expense of the company and free of coat to the .employe, the-following in surance so long as he remains in the service, subject to the definite regula tions to be issued, viz: "First, ,Ufe insurance to the amount of one year's full wages with a mini mum of $500.00,and a maximum of $2, 500,000 the benefits of this insurance to include those retired after January 1, 1917, upon pension. "Second, accident insurance cover ing total disability resulting :from in juries in the performance* of the ployes occupation, consisting of half pay during disability with a minimum of $5.00 per week, and a majcim)um period of two years, and for certain permanent injuries resulting from such occupational accidents, such as loss of leg or arm, the half pay in demnity to continue in any event for periods definitely fixed, the maximum indemnity for any accident to be $2, 500.00. one cotn "Third, sickness insurance covering both illness of at least one weeks, duration and also injuries resulting from accidents not occuring in the performance of the duties of the em ployes occupation, consisting of half pay while the "employe is disabled and confined at home with a minimum of $5.00 per week, and a maximum period of fifty two weeks and with an additional indemnity of half wages for a further period of 52 weeks if it ap pears that the employe has become Chariman Executive Committee. pears that the employe has become Idaho Needs Direct Legislation (By Marcus Day) Idaho can use the instrument of di rect legislation to do much in the way of aiding internal development that could not under any condition be ex pected of legislatures. The people as a whole are much more stable in their demands than are their representa tives. Where a legislature is elected every two years and meets only once before it either goes before the peo ple for re-election or, as is usually the case, is superceded by many new nominees, there is a switch back and fourth from representation which is progressive to that which is reaction ary, according to the various changes in national politics. Under the legis lative system the element of national issues often injects itself into state affairs to the disadvantage of rational discussion. Many bad state legisla tures ride into office on the wave of some popular idol for the presidency. There is no way to rationally settle a public problem except by concentra tion upon it. Under the initiative, , S IN TRIANQLErtNE ARTS FLAY, "AMERI CAN ARISTOCRACY." iTIC, FRIDAY AND SATURDAY DOUGLAS FAII - _ w* totally and permanently disabled for life, subject to a maximum disburse ment of $2,500.00 on account of any one illness or any one accident ' AH the foregoing insurance and benefits will be paid in monthly installments. "The life insurance will be payable to benificiartes designated by the ployes. The plan contemplates an arrangement with a responsible in surance company to issue life and ac cident policies called for by this plan, until and unless the railroad compan ies shall hereafter conclude to issue certificates of insurance themselves to their employes. Circulars giving full particulars with forms for names, age, beneficiaries, etc., will be issued for the information of all employes as soon as the necessary details can be worked out, but in the meantime, the insurance will become effective January , 1917, whether the individual policies can be issued by that date or not, and the life insttrace will be pay able to legal representatives, if death should occur before the beneficiaries are designated by the employes. While the power to amend or annul entirely the insurance pian is neces sarily reserved by the board of di rectors, since it is a new departure, yet. we are confident in the opinion that it will never be necessary to dis continue it "The object which the directors ex pect and hope to accomplish by this insurance is to afford employes of the Union Pacific System the satisfaction 1 of knowing that, so long as they are in the service, some financial provision, although comparatively small in some cases, has been made for them and their families against the misfortune of death, injury and illness. It is a measure prompted by good will to ward the employes and their families whose welfare is borne constantly in mind, and whose co-operation in es tablishing the success of these prop erties is greatly appreciated." (Signed) R. S. Lovett, Chariman Executive Committee. em referendum and recall this concentra tion and discussion is positive. The friends of a measure and its oppo nents give their views with much less of partisan bias and the merits of any measure can be set forth with less befuddlement. There is nothing in the above state ment of its merits which overdraws its advantages and the proof can be commanded by any one interested, if he will secure a copy of the laws of any state having the I & R and then compare them with atty adjoining state's best efforts under the decad ent legislative system. It is in fact the open sesame to pro gress and the enemy of every form of political and business reaction. Big Business is more directly hostile to it than anything of a state nature and our very worst newspapers are the most loud-spoken in denunciation and spite of this fact plutocracy has fail ed to unseat it in any state where it has been established. IN COURT AT EVERETT Free Speech Prisoners in Washington City Are Arraigned on Murder Charge 1 The arraignment of the 74 men charged with murder by the Prose cution of Snohomish County, Wash., took place on Wednesday, Dec. 20th! All morning was taken up in the read! ing of the information. These were passengers on the "Verona" Sunday, Nov. 5th,—Bloody Sunday, it is more often termed—and part of a number of working men be longing to the Industrial Workers of the World, the Longshoremen, the Seamen and other organizations, who were going from Seattle to Everett in order to hold an afternoon meeting to maintain their constitu tional rights of Free Speech. The men men on as were street were met at the dock by a Sheriff and an armed body of mem bers of the Commercial Club and oth ers,and were not allowed to land, al though every man had regularly paid his passage. A volley was poured in to. the hapless boat from the high power rifllcs of the posse and, at the. same time, a similar rain of lead from a pier and. a tug-boat on the oth er .side of the steamer. This murder ous cross-fire killed at least five of the workers and wounded over thirty. The cross-fire probably did harm than that, for, passing over the law bows of the boat, it brought de struction to some of the Sheriff's posse, according to some beholders. Two deputies were killed in this af fray. and now 74 workingmen are in jail charged with their murder! The slayers of the five workers, however, are still at large and proudly walk the streets of Everett helping in every way the railroading of those victims they did mot succeed in killing. The men entered no plea. Time for plea was continued until the 26th. On this day they will plead "Not Guil ty," unless attorneys decide to move to quash the indictment or present de cam« more murrers. Tax Payers and Trades Council Kicking The various towns of Snohomish County are being plastered with pos ters calling the citizens' attention to the enormous amount of public mon ey being expended on the mainte nance of gunmen in Everett and on the prosecution of the 74 men charg ed with murder. -The general feel ing of the taxpayers is that, as they have but little sympathy with the Commercial Club, they don't see why they should be called upon to finance their scheme of private revenge. One would think the Lumber interests would have enough to pay their thugs without making the farmers of Sno homish County foot the bill. The Trades Council of Everett was so arf gered at the repeated insults to work ingmen by the imported gunmen in Everett, that, after several requests to the Sheriff for their removal had been Press Suspicious of Peace Offer (By Marcus The British newspapers of Tory thought and influence do not take the President's parliminary feeler for Peace terms between European bellig erents kindly. A straightforward an swer might expose real intentions wholly at variance with the expressed determination to "wipe out German militarism" by leaving some other sort The Presidents inquiry was both shrewd and courteous. There is not a warring nation in Europe that can refuse an answer in specific terms without arousing suspicion and there is not one of them can answer speci fically without letting the neutral world know either the possibility impossibility of peace until battles yet to be fought and won change the bal ance of military strength one way or another. In saying that a positive an swer is required of all of them, I mean Germany and Austria as well as their enemies. Turkey and the Balkan states need not be considered because or refuaed, the Council in full «e rtion passed a resolution instructing their secretary to ascertain the prices of FTVE HUNDRED RIFLES AND TEN THOUSAND ROUNDS OF AMMUNITION! This was a pretty strong hint from the organized work ing men of Everett that they wanted no hired Commercial Club thugs in their city! . The Press Ghng on the Job The interests inEverett which sre trying to put the 74 boys behind the bars for life on a trumped-up .murder charge, are playing the old, old ..._ ... ... I mfQ* to inflame local prejudice against the prisoners. It appears as though fhe local capitalist papers of Everett have instructed the news service to send them all the anti-labor dope they rake up out of the journalistic garbage heaps. Stories of strikes, from the bosses' point of view, stories of wick ed labor men and terrible Industrial Workers are beginning to fill thé col umns of the Everett Herald. All this is obviously done at the behest of the powers that are determined to impris on these workingmen, not because they have violated any particular part of the penal code—which is not true— but because they have .had the age and manhood to insist that La bor's voice be heard, campaign, financed by the employing class, to stimulate hatred in prospec tive jurors and other citizens against the prisoners. can ceur Hence this What WÜ1 You Do? These men, workingclass brothers of yours who have risked their lib erty to obtain Free Speech for La bor, are in peril of their lives. What can you do to save them? You can do many things. First you can send in a personal contribution to the De fense fund; then you can take the matter up at a meeting of your or ganization. You can send letters to your congressmen and senators, de manding an investigation by Congress into the Everett massacre of Nov. 5th. You can arrange protest meetings to pass resolutions and raise funds. You can give the case as much publicity as possible in many ways. All these things you can do, fellow working men, and the liberties of 74 are at stake. WILL YOU HELP? Only the workers can save the workers! It's up to YOP! Send all contributions to Herbert Mahler, Sec'y-Treas., Everett Pris oners* Defense Committee, Box 1878, Seattle, Wash. Protests and resolutions should be sent to President Wilson and to Gov ernor Lister, Olympia, Wash. Send demands to your congressmen and senators for a congregational probe into the murders of Everett, Nov. 5th, 1916. By Charles Ashleigh Saturday, December 23, 1916. Marcus Day) it seems to he recognized by Teuton, Englishman and Russian that the little fellows are to get only what is pedient to terms that take into sidération the ambitions of the great er nations at war. ex ■ OB In all justice it must be admitted that Russia has no more right to offer a slice of Rumanian territory to the Teutons than has Germany to "al low" Russia economic control of Tur key. When one nation offers a piece of land not legally its own it is really a national bandit. Without in any way letting the wish become father to the thought I do not believe that there is a nation in Eur ope deserves a retention of recognized respect by their own peo ple and I further believe that the present ■p war must go on indefinitely until there springs from the masses in Europe a new leadership of international spirit, bent upon amalgamating Europe into a great association of states, some thing like our own.