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During its brief career as a molder of opinion, The Scimitar has endeavored to impress upon the voting public the importance of making the ballot count against the control of the Mormon church in politics and in government and'has urged the voters to pass over party considerations and unite for the common good. It has held that people of every political faith owed it to themselves and to their State to destroy polygamy, that the defense of that institution might no longer render it necessary for the organized Mor mon church, holding the balance of power, to ally itself with the Republican party, or any other party, that it might dictate terms of government to all the governed. Especially has The Scimitar addressed its appeals to those members of the Republican party who are free from the dominating influence of the machine, urging them to exercise conscience first and attend to party matters afterwards, to remove an infamy from their State and then settle the question of its governing influences upon a legitimate party basis. It has found the machine-controlled press of the Republican party to be arrayed in opposition to the reform it has suggested, found it everywhere in al liance with the Mormon church, openly denying that the church is an influence for evil and that its sup pression as a political and governing factor is some thing to be desired. It is with a sense of pleasure that The Scimitar takes notice of the fact that the machine-controlled press of the State was not always under the corrupt ing influence of Mormonism, that it was once honest with the people whom it addressed as the advocate of the right side of a high moral question. It takes pleasure in reproducing an editorial extract from the Boise Statesman of June 8, 1904, in which that paper, the leading representative of the Mormonized Repub lican machine of today, said : To this end the Republican party should adopt resolutions at its coming convention similar to those adopted by the Democrats. It should go a little far ther, demanding that our emasculated election laws be amended to harmonize with the constitution on the subject of the exercise of the right of franchise by polygamists. Republican citizens should take this matter in hand, make themselves heard in every way possible, in cluding primary action, and see to it that the reso lutions adopted by the State convention of the party shall ring true on this great question. Let it go forth this fall that the people of Idaho are preparing to force the Mormon church to keep its promises ; that they have taken the control of political and legislative action out of the hands of the agents of the Mormon church and, as one peo ple, though differing on party questions, are deter mined to bring the church to a realization of the duty it owes to the general public and to its own people. If this is to be accomplished, nothing can be taken for granted. Nothing but persistent agitation and tireless work can accomplish the result. Had the Republican party followed the advice of the newspaper that then so strongly proclaimed the right, the people of Idaho would not now be con fronted by the menace that threatens to destroy their citizenship rights. The question would have been settled and the Mormon church would have been forced out of politics and out of government. The resolutions referred to in the opening para graph of the foregoing extract from the Boise States man were the resolutions of the Democratic party of the State. They referred to polygamy and the constitutional denial of the suffrage right to polyga mists. One of the resolutions said: We demand the extermination of polygamy and un lawful cohabitation within the State of Idaho and the complete separation of church and State in political affairs. Such was the declaration of the Democratic party that the newspaper organ of the Republican party advised the convention of that party to adopt, with certain additions that would more strongly empha size the opposition of Republicanism to Mormon in terference with the governing affairs of the people. Had the Republican party at that time joined with the Democratic party for the suppression of church control the question that is today as much alive as it then was would not now be an issue. But an alliance between the Republican machine and the Mormon church ensued and the church was so strengthened that it will be more difficult to dislodge it in 1908 than it was in 1904. In addressing itself to voters within the Republi can organization, The Scimitar takes pleasure in em ploying their own party argument of less than four years ago, asking them to remember that the Mor mon menace is no exclusive invention of its own— that the doctrine it espouses was good Republican doctrine three and a half years ago and would now be good Republican doctrine but for a trade made by a few party leaders, through which the honor of every Republican voter was bartered away. Contrary to its own belief, the party was commit ted to a vice that is a standing disgrace to the man hood and womanhood of the State. It was sold by its managers, that they might attain their own sel fish ends, and the voters, with singular docility, con firmed the iniquitous bargain. It was upon that bargain and sale that Governor Gooding and his associates built the machine that is leading the State into complication after complication and making a scandal of the name of government. It was not worth while for the party to consort with a sin it had so eloquently declared against that it might achieve triumph for the individuals who now sit upon the throne of control. The party itself has not received even the mess of pottage that was the consideration in an old-time disreputable trans action over a birthright. That the Republican party permitted its bosses to barter away a principle dear to its heart and con science, The Scimitar is able to demonstrate through the language of its newspaper representative, ut tered before its defilement—before the enemy of man had taken it upon the high mountain of corruption. Dry Farming Congress, ^ ë> • On the 23d, 24th, 25th and 26th days of the cur represented, Wherever irrigation is practicable, irrigation will be employed as speedily as water can be placed on the rent month there will be held at Salt Lake City a dry farming congress. There is already widespread interest in the meeting and many men of experience will relate their experiences to the congress. They will attend from far away and from near by and scientific societies and expert organizations will be What the future has in store for the vast semi-arid domain of the far West under a fully developed sys etm of dry farming is beyond present calculation. land. But wherever irrigation cannot be employed, the land will remain idle unless it can be subjected to dry farming processes. It is promised by experts that, wherever the rain fall aggregates from twelve to fifteen inches in a year, profitable crops can be grown every season by following newly found processes for conserving the moisture that is in the soil. That quantity of mois ture is enough to develop and mature the ordinary farm crops of the temperate zone if its escape through evaporation is prevented. Those in attendance on the Salt Lake will be told how to do it, and of course there is great interest among the occupants of the semi-arid belt in so fruitful a topic. Although Idaho is magnificently equipped for the irrigation of the plains on a grand scale, it possesses vast tracts of land that cannot be touched in the dis tribution of the water of the rivers that flow down from the mountains. The obstacle of natural for mation is ever present. But if this waste land can be rendered fruitful through the operation of the genius of man, a general reclamation of the State will ensue and the dry tracts will be made to pro duce along with the irrigated tracts—not so pro fusely, but in abundance sufficient to make their cul tivation profitable. The importance of the Salt Lake gathering of the current month cannot be overstated, discussion of methods for conserving the deposited moisture, the congress will deal with the selection of food plants best adapted to the region of partial aridity. The National Department of Agriculture has cov ered the earth with its experts in a search for plants of that character and it has found something for al most every condition within the wide range of the United States. The results of these researches will form a portion of the information given out by the congress. Besides the For Coast Defense. Military representatives of the general Govern ment have in their intentions the instruction of the militia of California, Oregon and Washington coast defense tactics. The Adjutants General of the three States have been called to Washington to fer with the War Department on the subject. The general Government has been viewing with apprehension the defenseless condition of the Pacific coast, especially since Japan became a power to be reckoned with, and the general Government finds it difficult to procure men enough to carry out the full scheme of the Federal army establishment, especially in the department of coast defenses. The service is almost entirely in the heavy artillery in con line, in which the instruction differs from that of the infantry, the usual arm of the State militia. It is the plan of the War Department to drill the militia organizations of the west coast States in the tactics of thè heavy artillery arm and the consultation it has asked with the Adjutants General of the three States named will be devoted to a discussion of that sub ject. j The War Department has asked the Governors of California, Oregon and Washington to assign the companies of the several militia organizations per manently to designated coast positions. If this is not practicable, it asks the Governors to interest the citizens of fortified cities in the organization of panies for home service. com These preparations seem to.involve a possibility of attack beyond the rumors that come and go of the hostile intentions of the brown men of the island empire. During the drill period of last summer a portion of the National guard of the Pacific States structed in coast defense maneuvers and the ment was deemed so much of a success that the department feels warranted in extending practice in the defense service. was m experi A Small Johnson Boom. A relic of the Cleveland administration, F. C. Robertson, of Spokane, has started a little Presiden tial boom for Governor Johnson, of Minnesota, in his neck of the woods. Being a Cleveland Democrat, the Spokane boomer cannot well be a Bryan Demo crat, but that does not explain how he can be a Johnson Democrat, when the latter belongs to the radical school. The fact that Mr. Johnson, as a Democrat, can carry the strong Republican State of Minnesota does not make him logically a winner in the country at large. Minnesota is controlled politically by the Scandinavian element and, while it is generally Re publican, it can be led into almost any political camp by the candidacy of a popular countryman. Mr. Johnson stands high in the esteem of the Scandinavians of Minnesota and is probably in the Spokane sphere of political influence, where Norse men abound. But in the United States at large, racial prejudices do not open the doorway to success. Harry Thaw is again in the public eye, his second trial for the murder of Stanford White having opened in New York on Monday. The ground of the defense is that Thaw was legally insane at the time of the commission of the crime, though he is now sane.