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For More Carey Act Land.
Senator Heyburn has introduced a joint resolution which provides that a million acres of land be granted to Idaho subject to the terms of the Carey act. The Carey act itself was an amendment to the sundry civil appropriation bill. It may be the Senator has introduced a bill grant ing to the State one million acres, subject to the provisions of the Carey act. No matter what method has been taken in the form of legislation his effort is most commendable and should be successful. Under the terms of the Carey act, which was passed in 1894, one million acres of public lands were given to each arid and semi-arid State and territory, pro vided each arid and semi-arid State and territory would reclaim them under the rules and regulations prescribed in the act. Idaho quickly took advan tage of this law and has made a great success of it. It is the only subdivision of the country which has made a complete and successful demonstration of the efficacy of this legislation. The Scimitar pointed out in detail in its first issue —November 2nd—what had been accomplished, giv ing the names of the companies, the location of the lands, the number of acres reclaimed in each segre gation, the price of land and other information. By the enterprise of its people Idaho has reclaimed 950,000 acres, or is now reclaiming this vast amount. We have reached our limit. No other arid or semi arid State or territory has approached the limit. There should be no objection to the granting of the additional 1,000,000 acres. The demonstration already made makes it certain that capitalists will readily come forward to reclaim the additional million acres, and we have the added millions to be reclaimed. Senator Heyburn is now a member of the public lands committee, the argument is with him, he be longs to the dominant party and should not fail. Legislation such as this is what counts in our up building, and the accomplishment of such legisla tion will add greatly to the Senator's prestige. There is little land remaining in Idaho which can be homesteaded or taken under the desert land act. Under the National irrigation act the Minidoka and Boise-Payette projects will be all the Government can undertake for some years. The Boise-Payette project will require many million dollars more than has been appropriated, and if the south side of the Minidoka project is completed as it should be, and as was originally intended, more millions will be re quired. For sentimental reasons The Scimitar would like to have the National accepted plan in the upper Snake River Valley completed, which contemplates the reclamation of about 700,000 acres in the Dubois project. It is a magnificent country, and we wish the Government, could reclaim it, but we have that land in view, or a portion of it, as well as the coun try between Nampa and Glenns Ferry, and other smaller sections, which would surely and quickly be prepared to furnish homes for thousands if oppor tunity is given capital to reclaim another million acres under the wise provisions of the Carey act. The accomplishment of the proposed legislation is worthy the constant and united effort of the entire Idaho delegation. The Row In the Ring. It is an uninteresting week in which something does not transpire at the State House to remind the of Idaho that their servants are fiercely sovereigns engaged in conflict more personal than public in its character. The developments of the current week relate to the family of the State Auditor, which has been cur tailed by the State Examining Board in some of the pecuniary privileges it has heretofore enjoyed. It is related in the story of the troubles of the State Auditor that his wife has been drawing $100 per month as compensation as clerk to the Auditor and that his son was drawing $135 per month for services in a like capacity. That the board of exam iners cut off the income of the auditor's wife entirely and reduced the pay of the son to $75 per month. Thus there was a shrinkage of $160 per month in the cash receipts of the auditorial family, most every body being out of work but father. In the hour of his distress the Auditor has peti tioned the Supreme Court for a writ of prohibition against the examining board, commanding its mem bers to quit interfering with his domestic affairs and with his business as an official. The Auditor contends that the State allows him $12,000 with which to pay assistants and clerks dur ing his term and that he has not gone beyond the appropriation. He states that the clerks he has em ployed are competent and worthy of their hire and intimates that their partial withdrawal from the to the State. He alleges that flagrant usurpation of service is an injury the action of the board authority,' and that "it emanates from personal, sel fish, pernicious and malicious motives on the part of the Board of Examiners." The plaintiff in the case, which is the Auditor, therefore asks the court to restrain the board from *. : is a interfering with the conduct of his office and to com mand it to allow the claims of his clerks. Possibly the Auditor is within his rights under the law and will be able to worst his opponents in the end. It is not illegal for a public officer to fill the subordinate positions of his office with members of his family, though it is considered an act of execrable taste and an unfair division of the spoils of political success. The members of the Board of Examiners have not thus far in their warlike demonstrations been actuated by a regard for the welfare of the public They are indulging in petty revenge, the service. Auditor having refused to obey the orders of the machine they represent. It is a matter of proverb that when a certain class of men fall out, a certain other class of men receive their just dues. There is, therefore, a silver lining to the cloud that hangs over the Idaho State House and the misused public might as well cheer up. Guaranteeing Bank Deposits. The recent law passed by the new State of Okla homa, guaranteeing the depositor in the State banks of that commonwealth, is disturbing the National banks of that promising young State. The State banks are getting the funds of the thrifty and pru dent, and the National banks are seeking the advice and consent of the Washington authorities to take advantage of the State law. The Kansas folks who have surplus cash are going over the border and depositing in the Oklahoma banks, where their money is guaranteed, and the Governor of Kansas is contemplating the calling of the Legislature to enact a similar law for that State. One argument advanced against the guarantee by the Government of funds deposited in National banks was that it would operate disastrously to State banks, because the people would deposit in the Na tional banks where their deposits were guaranteed. That argument was absurd on its face, because the State banks would immediately force the different States to enact similar laws for the protection of their depositors. Now that Oklahoma has taken the initiative for the protection of depositors, perhaps the Government will be compelled to legislate to protect depositors in National banks. There doesn't appear to be anything very anar chistic or awful in guaranteeing the people that when they put money in banks they can get it out again. If it is a most desirable and necessary thing that the people should have confidence and that they should not withdraw their money from circulation in order to hide it away somewhere, why not pro vide that their money will be returned to them if they entrust it to banks? Statistics show that there are comparatively very few bank failures, and that even when a bank does collapse it pays some per centage of their deposits to each bank customer. If the losses due to failures of banks were borne by all the banks the amount assessed against each one would be trifling. Should all the banks be compelled to provide a guarantee reserve fund out of which the losses to depositors through the failure of any of the banks would be paid, the tax on each bank would be a mere trifle. The Government could provide by law for the is of additional currency in time of actual need, suance making the banks pay so heavily for it that they themselves would hasten to retire this additional money when the real need for its use had passed. These are simple remedies and Congress is ex pected by the people to pass some plain and safe and helpful legislation. The Aldrich asset currency bill is vicious, and if passed will add to existing evils. Its purpose and effect will be to give to the banks the power to increase or contract the cur rency as they may see fit. It will make it easier for the banks to precipitate a panic, if they so de sire. The bill does not provide at all for the safety of his money to the depositor. There is nothing in the bill to create or maintain confidence. It is a bankers' bill drawn solely in their interests, and not only that but in the interest entirely of the big banks. Wall street will be the beneficiary of this legisla tion and that is the design. Nothing else could rea sonably be expected from a measure emanating from Aldrich. The people are not considered in this piece of legislation, and it does not seem possible the Republican party will dare pass it, at this time, when the country is in financial distress through the ma nipulations of these very interests, who will be the only beneficiaries of this legislation. It is the absolute duty of every Democrat to op pose the passage of the Aldrich bill to the extreme limit. The Upper Berth. Senator LaFollette officiated as sponsör for a mem ber of the Minnesota Shippers' Association who filed with the Interstate Commerce Commission a peti tion asking for a reduction of twenty-five per cent in the charges for berths on Pullman cars, with the upper berth rate reduced to one-half the lower berth rate. The Pullman monopoly has not been interfered with by law during the long course of its public serv ice and it is a fit subject for judicious regulation. The traveling public has borne without much bling the imposition of the lowered upper berth, which is seldom occupied and when unoccupied could be closed into its receptacle and give added com fort to the lower berth patron without disturbing in any way the happiness of the monopoly or impair ing its dividends. , Sick or well ,the occupant of the lower berth must submit to the unreasonable exactions of the grum com pany, unless he will consent to pay for the upper berth he does not use, along with the lower berth he does use. It is generally understood that this rule of the monopoly is enforced for the purpose of exacting unearned tribute from the traveling pub lic. The Minnesota Shippers' Association is exactly right in its plea to the Interstate Commerce Com mission for a reduction of Pullman charges, and Senator LaFollette, though belonging to another State, is doing his duty to the country at large in sustaining the efforts of the association. A riatrimonial Event. Married— J. G. Kelly and Miss Anna Lawler were married on Sunday afternoon at the residence of Stillman E. Kelly, 510 South Fifteenth street. Elder Heber Q. Hale, of the Latter Day Saints' church, officiated.—Statesman. The Statesman might have added, to give more eclat, that Elder Hale is also assistant State im migration commissioner, and' as such is paying ten per cent of $2,000 a year of the Idaho taxpayers' money to the polygamous Joseph F. Smith. were