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DEATH MASK OF PRESIDENT McKinley ), '/ J 7 /V Hi ' V J The death mask of President Mc iKlnloy, taken soon after death at Buf jfalo has been-sent to Washington, where it will be preserved among the most sacred mementoes which are kept in the capital city. A duplicate of the mask will be made and sent to Prince ton University, to be added to the cel THE WEDDING RING Attached to the use of the ring in wedding and other ceremonies from the earliest times there have been mys tic meanings. Whether the plain band or the motto-inscribed article which the changing times brought into fash ion, the ring has retained the signifi cance attached to it as a sacred em blem or an emblem typifying sacred ceremonies. To the devoutly religious or the careless scoffer at religion the little circlet has its charm. From the earliest period mystic sig nificance has been associated with the ring. In its circular continuity it was accepted as a type of eternity and of the stability of affection. Jnake it an important feature of the betrothal in the marriage The rings used in the Jewish marriage rite were sometimes of large sire and pnuch elaboration of workmanship. It Is necessary, according to the Jewish law, that me rings be of a certain val ue. It is examined and certified by the officiating rabbi and chief officers of the synagogue when it is received from the bridegroom, whose absolute property it must be, and not obtained by credit or gift. When this is prop erly certified the ring is returned to him and he places it on the bride's finger, calling attention to the fact that phe is, by means of this ring, conse crated to him, and so completely bind ing is this action that, should the mar riage not be further consecrated, no other could be contracted by either party without a legal divorce. Solemn betrothal by means of the ring often preceded matrimony in the middle ages and was sometimes adopt ed between lovers who were about to separate for long periods. Shakespeare has more than once alluded to the cus tom, which is absolutely enacted in his The Jews ceremony. ranmnerma CLEPTOSCOPE FOR SVBMARINE VESSELS. .•4 5? § SMjj * ' 7 ' »J11 «il :,v im i v 5 ,'7 Bill m ; : ... v . K5*.! . ' 1 ,, ' _ ,'*y3 * y' t it*.'t;;; 1 • : »; f«•* HH 1 ■ ■ I . V. •V f "■ 1% - ! §mWMi (SS I- ' T ' i A Roman engineer, M. Triulzl, has Invented a tube with crystal prisms, whereby those in a submarine boat can see what is going on at the surface of the water. The Instrument is called the cleptoscope. . The experiments have been entirely ebrated collection presented to that in stitution some years ago by Lawrence Hutton of New York. In this collection are the death masks of Cromwell, Na poleon, George Washington, Lincoln, Edwin Booth, Lawrence Barrett, Rich ard Brinsley Sheridan, and many other famous men. "Two Gentlemen of Verona," where Julia gives Proteus a ring, saying; "Keep you this remembrance for thy Julia's sake," and he replies: "Why, then, we'll make exchange. Here, take you this." The fourth finger of the left hand has from long usage been consecrated to the wedding ring, from an ancient belief that from this finger went direct to the heart. So complete ly was this fanciful piece of physiology confided in by the Greeks and Romans that their physicians term this the medical or healing finger and used it to stir their mixtures, from a notion that nothing noxious could communi cate with it without its giving imme diate warning by a palpitation of the heart. This superstition is retained in full force in some country places, not ably in Europe, where all the fingers of the hand are thought to be injurious except the ring finger, which is thought to have the power of curing any sore or wou*d which is stroked by it. a nerve P«tato«i in Washington. An immense potato crop has been raised this season by irrigation in the Yakima Indian reservation in the state of Washington. The quantity for export is 2,000 carloads, and one farmer will clear 210,000. It is esti mated that ' the crop will be 40,000 tons, worth $1,000,000. Alcohol Product in Germany. The production of alcohol in Ger many in the year 1897 was 95,532,300 gallons, two-thirds of which was de rived from potatoes of domestic origin. It was produced in country distilleries, which number about 12,500, of which 5,226 produce only from 264 to 2,642 gallons. I Words may shake a man's convic tions but seldom shatter them. ranmnerma successful, and photography of ob jects on the water is possible thereby from a vessel beneath. The experiments were made on board the submarine II Delphina, and In the presence of Sig. Morin, the Minister of Marine. BEAGONSFIELD AT 22 This Is a picture of Lord Beacons field at the age of 22. He was thei plain Benjamin Disraeli, and had juc published his famous novel, "Vlvlac, Grey," which won high favor In lit erary London. The picture was sim ply published as "the author of 'Vivian Grey,' " and for a time was 7 4 ' I the talk of the town. Lord Beacon* field was born in 1804 and died i& 18V: 1 - ALASKA IS FERTILE Alaska .Is not as barren a land * people generally regard it. The cam monly received opinion is that It is c, region of snow and ice, of chilly blasts and utter desolation. Governor Brady, however, thinks there is much to en joy there, if one may judge by his Thanksgiving proclamation, in which he sets forth many reasons for grati-t tude. Here are some of them: "We iq Alaska in comparing our blessing^ with those which our friends enjoy in othef places find that we have much for which to be thankful. We have an abundance of grass, and where meq have attempted to till the earth it has yielded many fold and those who have tried it are satisfied that greater things are in store for them. The sea has not failed to yield of its abundance and our fishermen have been handsomely rewarded for their toil. The mineral wealth of Alaska is mare promising to day than in the past. It is hers, and when otbained will represent human effort. We have not been visited by destructive disturbances of the at mosphere, earth or sea. While we re count our manifold blessings thoughts will be tempered by the ca lamity which overwhelmed so many people on the steamship Islander and by the humiliation which we feel in the manner of the death of President Mc Kinley." our Apparatuses for Making Coffee. Thousands of apparatuses for mak ing coffee have been invented. The Patent Office is packed with pots, etc., some of which cost $25 apiece. Some experts say boil the coffee; some say don't boil it. Some foreigners prefer to make it in a saucepan, and they have it as .clear as crystal and as strong as alcohol. While I was in Su matra, several years ago, I drank cof fee made of the dried leaves of the cof fee tree instead of the beans. At first I supposed they were brewing tea. But it was as fine coffee as I have ever tasted. T EXrELLED HtOrE&*OÄ M. Edouard Harvo, tka French pro fessor who has been dismissed from his chair in Paris tar writing anti-mil itary artioles. is ome of the most dis tinguished scholars la Francs, and kas been an eminent figure in the educa 1*64, whan he won tha first prize in tional and literary life of Paris since philosophy at the Normal College. Ha is a member of the French Academy, a knight of the Legion of Honor and has been several times honored by many of the learned societies of Europe. M. Herve was professor of mathematics at the University of the City of Paris. ESf IfT h 1 \j r < "I 'i offense was alleged to Incite insubor dination in the army and to prejudice citizens against military service. M. Herve is 65 years old, but age does not seem to have dampened the fires of his youth, which was masked by that almost defiant spirit with which he opposes his enemies in hie present severe trouble. His article and its results are the foremost topic la political circles in the Frenzy «xjfttek DEA D MEJSTS SECTIOJSf. BY J. PERCY BARNITZ. (Copyright, 1901, by Daily atory Pub. Co.) Section Four was the longest section on the Third Division of the C. and J. Railroad. It was so long and so many fatalities had occurred on that stretch of road, that the management decided to call It the Middle Division, think ing thereby to escape the odious name of "Dead Men's Section," which It was called by railroad men the country over. But call it what they would, the management could not free that par ticular portion of their line from the gruesome appellation. The sections on the C. and J. are not eight or ten-mile stretches of track, as is the case on Eastern lines, but Instead a hundred and fifty-mile Stretch is the usual section on this Important link in the "Great Trans continental Route," and which tra verses the Lone Star State from the fled River to the Rio Grande. Henry Fortune was made division superintendent at Folger, the terminus Df Section Three, and the headquar ters for the new Middle Division. And he said always, that it was anything but good fortune when he was pro moted to that position, for until his appointment at Folger he had never known that the cup of life could be so full of trouble. Freight brakemen only—with few exceptions—were the ones whom Death teemed to single out as his victims. And the majority of those who were hilled met their deaths by falling be neath the cars while the trains were running eastward between Gregson's and Warm Springs. Because of the "hoodoo," which rail road men said was on "Dead Men's ßectlon," it was almost impossible to secure reputable employes for the freight service of the operating de partment of the Middle Division. As a consequence the personnel of the freight trainmen on that division was composed literally of the scum of the earth. And, therefore, it is not to be wondered at that the life of Henry Fortune, superintendent, was not a happy one. The difficulties he experi enced in handling the polygenous freight crews were legion; but they were as nothing compared to the de pressing fact that in spite of all pre cautions Death held the Middle Divi sion in a firmer grasp than ever. Although the Middle Division passed through a land of weary desolation, which, with its flint-like soil; its boundless, unbroken monotony of plains, was enough in itself to depress the spirits of almost any man, yet the superintendent never for a moment supposed that any of his men com mitted suicide. There were but few men in his em ploy that did not use liquor. But liquor could hardly be held account able for the strange fatalities on "Dead Men's Section." Other trainmen em ployed on the division besides freight brakemen drank just as hard, and yet there were no more accidents among them than usually occur on the ordi them than usually occur on the ordi nary railroad. One night in early January the "Mexican Flyer" was wrecked between Warm Springs and Gregson's. The superintendent accompanied wrecking train to the scene of the dis aster. It was a wretched night. A heavy storm of sleet and rain beat down with chilling force on that bar ren waste of land, ahd Henry Fortune made it his first duty to see that the passengers were taken to Gregson's, and there made as comfortable as possible in the miserable adobe building bearing the name of "The Ranger's Rest." The proprietor of this squalid hos telry of the Texas plains was a singu lar individual. He was a tall, lank, sinister-looking half-breed, ' whose beady eyes seemed to glow with a malignant passion. A semi-mute, he was enable to articulate intelligibly, but eould understand perfectly all that was said to him. There was something about the man that fascinated Henry Fcrtune, as he watched his shifty, cat like movements, while dispensing the vile, yellow-looking whisky over his bar to the motley crowd of cowboys gathered in the foul-smelling, earth the il ® f JÛ % [(? E & "Dummy Carlos." floored barroom. Why it was the su perintendent could never tell, but In tuitively the conviction was suddenly forced upon him, that In some way this evidently treacherous man vas connected with the mystery of "Dead Men's Section." This opinion, once formed, grew stronger in the mind of the superin tendent as time passed, and when, some weeks after the wreck of the "Mexican Flyer," a brakeman tumbled between the cars of his train a few miles east of Gregson's, and by good luck was but slightly hurt, he set about to investigate the accident, on the assumption that "Dummy Carlos," the proprietor of "The Ranger's Reät, at the bottom of it. The injured man was taken to the hospital at Templeton, where he interviewed by Henry Fortune. "Yes, Mr. Fortune." said the brake man, "1 did have a drink at Carlos' place just before we pulled out o' Gregson's—-the whole drink, for that matter. But I don't think it was the whisky that affected me—leastways It never did other times. It was just like this can remember. 1 was walking along the top o' a lot o' box cars towards the front o' the train, when all at once everything seemed to shine like gold. Then it changed to white, and I felt that I must run—run as fast as I could. Felt frightened like. And then I couldn't help myself anymore, and ran till I fell from the train." But Henry Fortune was obdurate in his belief that the sinister-looking mute was to blame for the mortality among his brakemen, despite the fact that he had not one scintilla of proof to that effect, and employed a private detective agency in Chicago to work on the case. The detective sent by the agency to the Middle Division assumed the role of a freight brakeman. For two weeks he reported "no progress," and then one night he, too, fell a victim to the "Dead Men's Section," much to the was was crew had a near as I wm y 4 y I 1 P~ "I couldn't help myself, and ran." disgust, mortification and disappoint ment of When the detective agency was in formed of the death of their operative, and learned that he had met the pe culiar and mysterious fate of so many brakemen, they became more deter mined than ever to sift the occurrence to the bottom, and sent several of their best men to the section of the country between Gregson's and Warm Springs. In the latter part of February a man claiming to be a buyer of cattle for a Chicago packing house, put up at "The Ranger's Rest," and, on the pretext of awaiting the arrival of im portant letters remained for several days at the little hotel. He saw that whenever a crew of freight trainmen patronized the bar, Carlos would in variably place two bottles- cf liquor upon the eounter, pushing a square bottle in front of where one or more brakemen stood. One day when the opportunity of fered, the pseudo-stockman filled sev eral flasks from the bottles of liquor standing on the shelves beneath the bar. These were "sent to Chicago for analysis, and a few weeks later "Dum my Carlos" was awaiting trial in the jail at Templeton on a charge of poi soning, and the mystery of "Dead Men's Section" had been solved. A curious story was brought out at the trial of the vindictive half-breed; a story too long to here tell in detail, but which was substantially as fol lows: The analysis of the liquor In the several flasks showed that it was all of the same cheap brand of whisky, but the oontents of one flask was found to have been heavily steeped with the woolly loco weed, commonly called crazy weed, a plant native to the Great Plains region,and which causes much damage to the stock of ranch men. The action of this poison on man in small doses is to cause a short period of hallucination or mania, ac companied by defective eyesight, dur ing which the affected person is seiz ed with an irresistible desire to run. It was the administration of this de coction to the brakemen of the Mid dle Division that had caused them to run along the cars of their train and, being unable to see where they were their stepping, invariably fall to deaths. Carlos admitted the fact that eight years back, when the C. and J. was first built through that region, he was beating his way on a freight train from Gregson's to Warm Springs, when he was discovered by two brake men who threw him from the train. Until that time he had been possessed of his full powers of speech, but ho was so severely injured about the head that the portion of the brain controll ing the vocal cords became in time af fected, and he finally lost the power to articulate plainly. The Indian in his nature became aroused, and after he opened "The Ranger's Rest" near the railway station at Gregson's, he determined to become revenged on all freight brakemen running eastward from that point. His devilish, savage cunning led him to use the loco weed as the best means to secure that re venge, as he was familiar with it* ef fect upon the cattle and horses which roamed the plains of Texas. He was declared insane by the Jury whloh tried him, and he was sent to the state asylum for insane oriminals for life. UNDER TWO FLAGS "The man without a country" Is generally regarded as an anomaly, but there Is something far stranger—a poRtofflce that does business under two flags. It Is located at Beebe Plain,, a town that is half In the state of f Vermont and half in the province of Quebec. The building was erected some seventy-five years ago exactly on the line between the United States ani Canada, so that it stands in two countries and serves the postal serv ice of two nations. The cellar of the building connects the two countries, and some years ago when the postofflce was a general store, whisky was known to be sold in one country and delivered in an other without ever having gone out from ander the roof of the old struc ture. This combination postofflce is now being run by parent and child, the father being postmaster for Can adian Quebec and the daughter post mistress for Vermont. Standing in front of this strange postofflce is a large post which marks the boundary line, and it is said that at one time a man who wanted to get a roadway to his premises moved this post, and many thousands of dollars and no little time was spent in es tablishing the exact line again. SINGERS HONORED MJbs Mary McFarland and Miss Marie McFarland, twin sisters of Den r: l! /: 1 ly Û i Z' Hi» Mary Mi-Kwlaud. ver, Colo., who are well known as much for their beauty as for their tal ent as songsters, have been chosen to sing at the coronation ceremonies of King Edward VII. to be held next sum mer. The Misses McFarland have been great travelers and it was upon one of their journeys through Europe that they met the present king of England, fa mmk I Wm f r : L A Mis. Marls McFarland. at that time prince of Wales. It 1* stated that the royal command to sing at the ceremonies proceeds dlrectljf from the king and is not the outcome uf the plans of the committee which has this matter In hand. THE SUCCESSFUL EYE There are two classes of human eyes says Professor J. M. Simon, the em inent occulist. First, the cold and in different eye, which falls upon you with the same interest that It would fall upon some large building or any thing else. Then there is the warm' flattering eye that indicates human in« terest. ! The gray is the strong one. I have observed in the majority of cases of people who have risen to that the eye has been eminence gray, although I am inclined to believe that the eye is weaker than any other. gray| A gray! eye can charm, and in every instance 1 I give a man with that color of eye! more consideration than if his eyesi are of another color. I.Iked the Frock. An English soldier's wife v ,, x, , , once took; her little girl to see her father wh? was on sentry duty. The soldier who' was in a Scottish regiment, wore the orthodox tartan and kilt. The little; girl, not having seen her father before in such a garb, could not understand! it, and looking up at her mother ex claimed: "Mother, when father' found the man who stole his may I have that little frock?" hast trouser* Voio« CarrlM Eight MUm Eighteen miles Is said to be the longest distance on record at which a man's voice has been heard occurred in the grand Colorado, where one name "Bob, Thisi canyon of thtf man shouting the ... at one end - his voice was plainly heard at the other which is eighteen miles en^ away.