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THE PRESIDENT OF THE U NITED STATES Every day the great principles for which we are fighting take fresh hold «pou our thought and purpose and Juake it clearer what the end must be and what we must do to achieve It. We now know more certainly than we ever knew before why free men brought the great nation and govern ment we love Into existence, because Jt grows cleurer and clearer what su preme service It is to be America's privilege to render to the world. The anniversary of the discovery of Amer ica must therefore have for us In this fateful year a peculiar and thrilling significance. We should make it a day •of ardent rededlcatlon to the ideals upon which our government Is founded .and by which our present heroic tusks are inspired. Now, therefore, I, Woodrow Wilson, Président of the United States of America, do appoint Saturday, the 12th day of October, 1918, as Liberty day. On that day I request the citizens of every community of the United States, city, town und countryside, to cele brate the discovery of our country in order to stimulate a generous response to the Fourth Liberty Loan. Commem orative addresses, pageants, harvest home festivals, or other demonstra tions should be arranged for In every neighborhood under the general direc tion of the secretary of the treasury and the immediate direction of the Liberty Loan committee, in co-opera tion with the United States bureau of education and the public school au thorities. Let the people's response to the Fourth Liberty Lonn express the measure of their devotion to the ideals which have guided the country from its discovery until now, and of their determined purpose to defend them and guarantee their triumph. For the purpose of participating in Liberty day celebrations all employees of tile federal government throughout the country whose services can be spared may be excused on Saturday, the 12th day of October, for the entire day. In witness whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed. Done in the District of Columbia this 19th day of September in the year of Our Lord One Thousand Nine Hun dred and Eighteen, and of the Inde pendence of the United States of America the One Hundred and Forty third. WOODROW WILSON. By the President: ROBERT LANSING. Secretary of State. HOW GERMANS ARE DELUDED Ridiculous Statements Made by Kai ser's Government Prove How Real Is Fear of America. A poster recently Issued by the im perial German government in an effort to belittle the participation of America In the war and thus strengthen the morale of her people form the text of one of the most striking pieces of litera ture that the bureau of publicity of tlie war loan organization has prepared for use in the forthcoming Fourth Lib erty loan. The title of the poster is "Can America's Entry Make a decision of the War?" Integral sections of it attempt to convince the reader that America's army cannot take the place of Rus sia's withdrawn forces; that the Unit ed States cannot build enough ships to have any effect on the result of the war, and that the U-boats will destroy virtually ail the ships that America can build when those ships at tempt to cross the ocean. A French poster ulso is reproduced In the Ger man poster and the meaning so twisted as to make it appeur that France is very budly in need of food. Two millions of the booklets have been printed and will be distributed in various parts of the country, par ticularly in theaters where Liberty Loan speakers tuke the book as their text. The enormous figure of a Russian soldier is the first object on the poster to strike the eye. He stands with hands in his overcoat pockets, indica tive of the fact that he is through fighting. Beside him stands Uncle Sam holding a small figure, designed to represent the United States army, In his right hand. In his left hand Uncle Sum carries a banner which bears the inscription, "America threatens to send transport of one-half million men. Rut it cannot ship them !" Below Lucie Sam are these words: "It is impossible for America to train and fit out in time for the European war a suitable and sufficiently large army and provide it with the necessary re enforcements." The catchline of tills section of the poster is "Russia's army of millions could not down Germany," and on the skirt of the Russian sol dier's overcoat are printed these words: "Russia used up altogether fifteen million men in vain!" HOW LOAN IS APPORTIONED Minimum Amount of Money Which E*ch Federal Reserve District Is Ashed to Raise. Six billion dollars is the minimum amount which the people of the United States are asked to subscribe for the fourth Lthhrty loan, according to an an uouiiceuieut by Willtum G. McAdoo, secretary of the treusury. Following are the quotas and pel* tentages of the total by federal r» On tlie opposite side of tlfe poster is bis eutchilne: "England's sea power and England's merchant marine bave not decided tlie war!" Below this line appears a huge figure intended to represent tlie English shipping faeiu ties at tlie outbreak of the war, which tears these words: "England went into the war with twenty million gross registered tons of freight space." Alongside this figure of a ship is a drawing designed to show Uncle Hum tarrying the United States tonnage un der his left arm. The caption above I ncle Sum reads: "Cun America re place England on sea?" On the ship which Uncle Sain carries is printed this Inscription: "Three million gross registry tons," and below that is an other inscription which says: "At the beginning of the war America had on ly a tonnage of three million gross reg istered tons." Commenting on these statements, the poster further declares "America cannot increase her gross registered tons for 1918 by more than two to two and a half million tons. Our U-boats sink twice as quickly as England and America can build 1" The answer of the publicity bureau to the two sections of the poster refer ring to the transportation of men and tlie building of ships follows: "At the moment the bulletin boards of Ger many scoffed the possibility of Amer ica sending a force to France, there were already more than a million fight ing men overseas, and transports, walled about by the American navy de fying tlie cowardly submarines, were bearing every month hundreds of thousands more. The gauge is set and the summer of 1919 will see 4,000,000 fighting American men in France. Nor will there be a lack of ships to trans port and sustain them. The Liberty Bond buyer is fast giving to America a merchant marine that will be the peer of any in tlie world. America launched in July alone 635,011 tons. Losses to allied and neutral shipping combined, from every cause, for the last six months, amounted to 2,089,393 tons. "The distance from New York to Kugland, the Boche points out," com ments the bureau of publicity publi cation, "is two hundred times greater titan that from England to France, front which he spells 'Opportunity for the German U-boats.' I'itiful is this boast in face of the facts. Instead of tlie U-boat being an unconquerable engine of war, as the Hun confidently expected, it has become tlie slinking foe of filing smacks and other iso lated craft. The vast army of Liberty Bond buyers, thirty millions strong, has built an unbroken bridge over the Atlantic ocean into the heart of the enemy's strongholds. Across this bridge there are streaming our mil lions of fighting men, as good as the world has ever known, munitions and equipment that have been wrought by those back home, whose determination is that the American fighting man shall lack nothing that he needs." As a back-handed slap at the French, the German propagandists have repro duced a French poster which pleads with French people to eut less in or der that the United States may send over more man power. The French poster pointed out thut if every per son in France would save a hundred grants of food a day that the American reinforcements could be increased a division a month. The French cateh îlne on this poster was "Doe? France want wheat or men?" ami the German poster remarks "Also the allies are now beginning to have their doubts!" In a further effort to convince the German people that it will be impos sible for the United States to trans port troops to France, the German section of the poster snys that ten tons of freiglit space are required for every soldier in crossing the water. The truth is that a soldier requires less than one-half this amount of space. » Summing up all the falsehoods which the German poster contains, the book let says: "The War Lord of Ger many may have the futile hope that his people will devour in the place of food, such statements ns the forego ing. Falsehoods, however, are poor substitutes and are likely to aggra vate rather than appease when tlie de luded people of Germany learn that every requirement of tlie American soldier will be met by his patriotic and unqualified support back home. If a single soldier required ten tons of freight space, it would be given hint But tlie truth is he requires less than one-half of that. "As for Germany's statement that even if the United States built from two and n half million gross regis tered tons in 1918, it would not mean deliverance for the allies, no further comment ts needed than that by July of this year the 2,000,000-ton mark has been passed. If further refu tation of the Hun boast of his U-boat prowess were needed. it might be stated that less than " Ht American soldiers have lost their lives 'n the present war as a result of U-boat at tacks." Closing the booklet is this striking quotation from Secretary McAdoo: "The Fourth Liberty loan is ttie bar rage which will precede the victorious thrust of our army." serve districts: . District. Percentage. Amount. New York 30 $ 1,800 000,000 Chicago U'/z 870 . 000,000 Cleveland 10 603 030.000 Boston 8 1-3 500 000 Philadelphia 81-3 503.000 000 San Francisco 6 7-10 40 " 030,000 Richmond 4-2-3 280.000 000 8t. Louis. 41-3 260 . 000,000 Kansas City 41-3 260 . 000,000 Minneapolis V/t 210 , 000,000 Atlanta SI-5 192 , 000.000 Dsl 1st SI-10 126,000,000 ARMOR /or FIGHTERS ERN ■ Lunettes -/7ajQue cfoint Protector Many Models Halte Been Made and Are Now Being Tried Out by Americans at the Front M ANY a visitor wandering through the labyrinthlan de lights of the Metropolitan Museum in New York and coming upon the collection of arms and armor In the main gallery has re incarnated a past of tall knights and gentle ladles, has fancied himself a Launcelot or Guinevere, In the dty*a splendid collection of mall and plate, of decorative trapping, battle axe, spear and broad or long sword. And many, no doubt, have stood in fascination before the medieval armor er's workshop set In a paneled recess of carved oak to the left of the gallery, a miniature bit of Old World charm, worn anvils, hammers whose stroke has rung through centuries of steel on steel, modeled knights in the gay pan oply of the Middle Ages, and the ac coutrements of a warfare when com batants clashed to the sound of trum pets. But only a few of the visitors to the museum have been fortunate enough to get lost in the cool, corridored base ment and find, tucked away in an in conspicuous corner, a complete practi cal armorer's shop, where a master armorer plies his inherited art with a skill that puts him on a level with some of the great master armorers of the Middle Ages, writes N. H. McClos key in New York Tribune. This artisan is M. Daniel Tachaux, and those few who have been permitted to swing open his shop door—a door quite like many another along the corridor —may well count themselves among the fortunate blessed, for they have seen a shop like no other in this coun try—a show now closed to the public and guarded by all the impassable and invulnerable barriers of government regulation. For here. In a Wbrkroom originally established for the purpose of clean ing, repairing and. in some rare cases, restoring pieces of defective armor. M. Tachaux and his young French assist ant, Sergeant Bartel of the ordnance department, are carefully working out designs and models of defensive armor that can be worn by the allied soldiers, and which it is expected will result In cutting down to a very great degree, as the helmets have already done, the percentage of killed and wounded in this present war. Forty Models Now at the Front. When the war broke out Mr. Robin son. director of the Metropolitan Mu seum, learning that the government was in need of models for the prepara tion of armor, obtained the sanction of tlie trustees in placing the department of armor at the disposition of Secre tary of War Baker. Bashford Dean, curator of the department and a man who has given his life to the study of the subject, was commissioned as a major and immediately sent abroad to report on the status of armor—what was already in use and what additions might feasibly be made. He returned to the United States late In January of the present year, and has since kept the armor workshop of the museum busy, on holidays and weekdays, turn ing our models in accordance with the suggestions of General Pershing and the ordnance department. After careful and patient experimentation by experts forty models have been made, and are even now being tried out on the fighting front. Here In the little workshop where the sun comes in through miniature panes nnd is deflected in myriad col ors by small tools, age old ; bits of brass and bronze, steel bright from pounding and armored suits wrought with the intricate traceries of medie val decoration. M. Tachaux plies with deft skill and the ease of long prac tice the very tools used by his ances tors and handed down from father to son through hundreds of years. The museum has collected from all parts of the world the implements used in the fabrication of ancient armor, com prising some ninety kinds of nnvils and "stakes." several hundred differ ent types of hammers, curious shears and instruments whose use would be quite unknown were It not tlint six armorers—heirs of a past skill — are living today. One of these is in Dres den. one in Switzerland, two in Japan, one in London and the other America lias in the person of M. Tachant», who lias collected about him the dusty ro mance of an almost forgotten art and Fishing With a Shove! Fishing with n shovel Is the latest fad to develop in Milwaukee—and right in the heart of the city. too. Faul Ihrig, proprietor of the saloon nt the east end of the Oneida street bridge, which closed one day, started the new sport the next. While looking over his former pince of business he saw a number of fish swimming near the surface of the Mil waukee river, next to his saloon. Gorge "Cuiraö39 Jbuberje Knee. Protector- L The armor of a modern soldier — if he wore a/l that has been Provided In this corner of an ultramodern city has labored to preserve the relics of those storied centuries when knights were bold and ladies passing fair. Now. thanks to him who has kept alive'an art long considered dead, this country is able to benefit by the ad vice of an expert in metals, and no longer does M. Tachaux labor over an cient pieces, but bends all his efforts, all his cunning and all his knowledge, to the making of armor that can be worn by the modern soldier — armor heavy enough to be invulnerable, light enough to carry. Revive Work of Old Masters. This question of weight and there fore practicability of armor for the man on foot—the man who makes a charge—reverts to the time of Louis XV of France, when the use of defen sive protection had practically disap peared and an attempt was made to revive the steel helmet. Indeed, the develo-jrnent of armor from the time of side- arms until the use of firearms is one of exceeding Interest at this time, in that the government Js re viewing the work of some of the greatest of the old masters in armor making, with a view to reinstating the best nnd most feasible of the old meth ods of defensive protection. The use of armor dates back to the ninth century B. C. and became more elaborate and complex until the Intro duction of gunpowder. The helmet was the first body protection to nppear and was followed hy the cuirass—the lat ter being used by the Greeks nnd Ro mans and reappearing at the time of Charlemagne In the form of a waist coat made of overlapping metal scales and of rather Imperfect execution. What Norman Warrior Wore. In the eleventh century, according to the Bnyenux tapestries as well as the seal of Richard Coeur de Lion, we find the coat of mail assuming first the shape of a redingote and Inter that of a bathing suit, completed by a hel met conical at the nose. This, together with the use of leather plates on the feet and hands, constituted the equip ment of a Norman warrior. A study of the sculptures of the Reims cathedral and the evangelia rium of St. Louis (National library) points to the development, in the twelfth century, of n perfected coat of mail, a metal combination united with the helmet by a pnsse-montngne of steel links ; the whole, constituting a hauberk, protected the warrior with the hnube—a cylindrical helmet made of pieces of forged metal adjusted hy rivets and pierced by two peepholes. At the beginning of the fourteenth century the desire to protect the ioints caused the placing of metal plates at shoulder and knee. The haube disap peared and was replaced by a helmet of a type called Bassinet, with a mov able visor pierced by holes to permit sight and'ventilation. By the middle of the fourteenth century chain armor had disappeared to a considerable de gree. and plate armor was taking its place, the plates at the joints being Ihrig went into the basement of the place and nmong the rubbish found a long-handled coal shovel. With this he pried open a window facing the river and climbed onto the two-foot dock. By stooping and lean ing over he wns able to land six suck ers, each a foot long, with the'shovel. He lost a nice bullhend. No Restriction on Ostrich Fi.sh. Ostrich flesh is meat which is not very popular at the present time, but It was once considered -one of the extended to the interartlcular portions in such a way as to Inclose the limbs In metal greaves; the hands were pro tected by an articulated gauntlet and the foot by an Iron shoe or solleret The body was still covered by a short ened coat about the length of a waist coat—called the hanbergeon—and the whole outfit was known as a "har ness," to which was soon added a steel corselet, prolonged over the abdomen by a sort of skirt of Interwoven metal lic rings—the "tasselles." Invulnerable But Helpless. Finally, in the reign of Charles VU the complete cnirass appears, aug mented by shoulder pieces and the gorget, which united the armor to the round helmet. The-knight was now practically invulnerable, but weighted down and so awkward of movement that once dismounted he was at the complete mercy of his foe. To lessen his chances of being dis mounted, therefore, his horse was equipped with armor, the tout en semble being a sort of medieval tank. The man on foot, however, needed greater freedom of movement, and so wore considerably lighter equipment, namely, helmet, shoulder pieces, shield, arm and thigh pieces, knee pieces and a short coat of mail—or hanbergeon—to which was added, in ninny cases, an abdominal demlcuir ass. This equipment may appear again on the modern soldier practical ly as worn by the foot soldier in the reign of Charles VII. The elaborate armor of the knight —which, in its completion, had meant the patient acquisition of centuries— was made useless in the space of some ten years by the introduction of gun powder. As early as the beginning of the fourteenth century, projectiles nad become capable of piercing the armor in use at the time, and little by little the use of such defense disappeared, the tendency being to substitute fab ric for metal protection. This gave birth to the epaulet, horse-tail plume, the shako and the bearskin cap. With modern wars, a new device sprang up —namely, individual protection by means of the invisibility of units and scattered formations. From this orig inated the idea of the service uni form. Such methods of individual defense were quite satisfactory for combat at great distances; but in stationary fighting or in trench warfare It Is quite another matter, and once again the question of individual armor has arisen, and already we see Its use In the shape of the steel helmet the heavy brenstplate worn by the Ger man soldier, the lighter breastplate worn by the English, the armored waistcoats of the Italians and the trench shields used by all armies. The idea of the new armor is not, like that of the Middle Ages, to give complete protection. It is rather to deflect than to stop missiles, and it does this with a sheet of metal that would be easily niereed by a bullet striking It at right nngies. finest dishes ever made. The meat Is rather hard to digest, though even If this were not the case it is doubtful If it would ever lay claim to rivalry with ham anil eggs or pork and beans. At any rate It has one big advan tage In that it Is in no wise affected by food regulations, and the lover of this dish may consume It to his heart's content without fearing the wrath of the food administrator or having his conscience smite him for 'devour ing something that the soldiers conld use or need. Reliable Goods What makes 70 a fcnyT A clever «Miras, a facile pea. and the rift af p- res eaten aif all be aecompHalnaents of a reed aalaa ■««• Bat there Is nothin« qaite sa effec tive as reliable merchandise. We hare ballt and maintained ear re p a tation with reliable reeds Oar modest prices make boyinr eaar. BOYD_PARK MAKERS OF JEWELRY MO MAIN STREET SAU LAKE COT BARGAINS IN USED CARS 90 aplcnëid Med ears—Baicks. Oldsraobiles. Ns tiontlt—9250 to SHOO. Guaranteed Hr* deal ranninc condition-easy terms if wanted by right parties. Write for detailed list and desert^ don. Used Car Dept.. Baadan-Dodd Ante Cos Salt Lake Cltr EXPERT KODAK Finishing Have oar professional photographers do year flnlsblnfC U | pi CDC 144 Sooth Main Box 791. amriXRa Salt Lake City HELP WAITED "f™ w« »•«" '««3 ««Bl tu barber trade- Many email towns need barbers; rood opportunities open lor men over draft are. Barbers In army have rood aa officers commission- Get prepared In few weeks. Call or write. M o l a r Barbar College, 43 8 . West Temple 8 t.. Salt Lake City. CHURCHES NOT HARD TO FILL Religious Edifices in England Where the Congre gatiene Are of Neces sity Rather Email. There are many churches that at tract attention By their sire and grand eur. There are a few that are remark able by reason of their smallness and simplicity. One of these is at Lulling -1 ton, Sussex, England. It la a primitive and quaint stone > building with a roof of red tiles and a tiny weatherboarded turret at Its west : end. This miniature church la only 16 i feet square. Its pulpit is a pew with paneled' Bides and door and the furniture is of! the plainest. Five narrow, diamond- ! paned windows give light to the Inte rior. When the church Is full 90 per sons are gathered together. Only a little larger la the meeting house at Crawahawbooth, a village, near Burnley. It la known aa the! Friends' meeting house and la covered: with ivy and surrounded by a well-, cared-for burial ground. Inside may; be seen half a dosen oak benches that! could. If necessary, accommodate 00 j persons. The attendance la rarely mors, than six. Somewhat smaller than this chapel la one that has been called Hie shrine of Quakerism. It Is In the hamlet of' Jordans, In Buckinghamshire. Thither In June of «aoh year come Quakers from all parts, for here Ho the remains of William Penn. If this were not enough to make the place Interesting. It has the further attraction of be ing the neighborhood In which Milton lived after writing "Paradise Lost," a cottage In the vicinity affording him a resting place. EVIDENCE OF LITTLE WORTH Illegibility of Shakespeare's Signature Does Not Prove Ho Did Met Write the Immortal Playa. Some years ago, when the Shakes peare controversy was at Its height, one of the contentions of the party who declared that the bard not only had not written the immortal plays but conld not even write his own name, gave as evidence the existing signatures that are of undoubted au thenticity. On the same grounds It might bo argued that Richard m was unable to write. If one decided the matter from the signa tare to a trusty of peace with Francis, Duke of Brittany, which Is reproduced In a London deal er's catalogue just received. It is a mystery how the cataloguer managed to make "Richard Rex" ont of the shaky scribble which la there reproduced. It would be quite as like ly to stand for Will Shakespeare, were it not that the smaller word stands second and the longer one first Hypodermic Syringe In Crime. Du Chaillon, who Invented the hy podermic syringe, seems to have been a sort of Fagln. He established In Paris a school of crime from which euch youngsters as "Charley Bates" and the "Artful Dodger" graduated. Stimulated by an injection of mor phine or some other drug, they went out to do great deeds In the criminal line. When Hie "school" was raided the principal escaped, but evidence was found to show his part in some daring crimes. Physicians attached to the criminal bureau saw the greet advantage of the hypodermic syringe, and It has ever since been a recogs nlzed agency in medical practice. Quit four Spattering. - To prevent an automobile spatte lng mud uptta pedestrians there hi been invented a flexible metal ring 1 bé attached close to a tire. Catching Turtle. ▲ curious mode of catching turtle Is practiced In the West Indies. It con sists In attaching a ring and a line to the tall of a species of suckerfish known ns the remora. The live fish la then thrown overboard, and Immedi ately makes for the first turtle it can spy, to which It attaches Itself very firmly by means of a sucking appara tus arranged on the top of the head. Once attached to the turtle, so Urn Is its grip that the fishermen on drawing the line brings hums both turtle und the sucker.