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The Challis messenger. (Challis, Idaho) 1912-current, October 09, 1918, Image 6

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn88056159/1918-10-09/ed-1/seq-6/

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Million and a Quarter Americans In
General Pershing's First Army, All
Eager to Take Their Part In
Big Drive for Berlin.
Washington.—A new drive against
the German positions either In Flan*
pars or between the Oise and 8olasons
Is expected by many army officers here
as a result of the slowing up of the
advance In the Picardy theater.
Outlining tne situation at bis mid
week conference Wednesday, General
March, chief of staff, confined his
statements to pointing out that the
Germans have now been forced back
until they are not within 20 miles of
Paris at any point.
, The bead of the army has previously
laid stress on the fact, however, that
the greatest advantage won by Mar
shal Foch In a military way Is In hav
ing wrested the Initiative from the
The opinion prevailed among other
officers that the present struggle
around Roys and Lasslgny would soon
terminate In the capture of those
points, to be followed by the taking of
Pershing's Army to Take Part.
In the course of his discussion, Gen
eral Marsh said that General Persh
ing now has 1,880,000 American troops
organised Into the first army corps. Pre
sumably the Americans on the British
left flank In Picardy, Identified by the
chief of staff as the 131st Infantry of
the Thirty-third (Illinois national
guard) dlvUrion, are among those still
brigaded for training.
It appeared possible to some officers
that the organisation of the first Am
erican army might be followed by an
all-American attack at some point on
the line which It hblds beyond Verdun,
where there has been no recent ught
The primary purpose of the two
blows Marshal Foch has struck has
been realised. Both In the Alsne
Marne battle and aguln In Picardy the
attacks were defensive measures to
free Paris from the menace of the two
wedges the enemy haS driven In that
direction. The value of the drives In
nils respect was pointed out by Gen
eral March.
Officers here, therefore, anticipate a
complete change In the character of
the fighting In the next phase of the
battle, with Foch's armies assuming
the offensive In the fullest sense of the
word and striking to force the enemy
back ln such manner that he can not
avail himself of his old Hlndenburg
line defenses.
Bolshevik Premier and His Chief
Assistant fieek Refuge with Huns.
London.—Premier Lenlne and his
chief assistant, Leon Trotsky, have
HOB to Kronstadt, the naval base near
Petrograd, according to a dispatch
sent out by the semiofficial Wolff bur
eau of Berlin and printed In Zurich
newspaper«, says n Havas report from
The Bolshevik government will
shortly leave Moscow for Kronstadt,
JJje Berlin Lokal Anselger statcl.
Premier Lenlne and War Minister
Trotsky have already reached there,
the newspaper adds.
t -
1 Berlin Fears Russian Crisis.
The Hague.—In spite of their effort
to underestimate the Importance of the
entente undertaking on the Murinun
coast of Siberia, the Berlin papers nre
unanimous Is pointing out that Helf
ferlch's sudden return to Berlin Is due
to the seriousness of developments in
A Slap at Ball Players.
Philadelphia.—The employment of
professional ball players In shipyards,
"more for the purpose of bolstering up
teams than to expedite the shipbuild
ing program," will no longer be' coun
tenanced by the emergency fleet cor
Rioting In Japan.
Tokio. —Six thousand démonstratifs
against the high price of rice have de
stroyed Btores at Kyoto, forcing the
authorities to call out the troops. Sev
eral members oi tne crowd which was
armed with swords and axes, were
County la Made "Bon* Dry."
St .Paul.—Because it was charged
that Red Lake county was an "oasis"
for dry territory In northern Minnesota,
the Dukotu8 and neighboring Canadian
territory, the state council of defense
has Issued an order making the county
"bone dry.
ommander who Sank Lusitania Dead.
London. — Lieutenant Commander
Schwieger, who conimadfled the sub
marine which sank the Lusk ants, is
dead. His death occurred In September,
1017, but has only now been admitted
by the German admiralty.
Shows Hatred for Germany.
Pekin.—The Chinese government has
declined to receive Monsignor Petrelll.
recently appointed papal nuncio to
China, on the ground that he is * per
With Allied Troops Rapidly Moving
South from Archangel, the Czecho
slovaks Have Taken New Heart
in Fight for Freedom.
Washington.—The landing of Amerl
Can troops at Vladivostok, announced
Thursday by Secretary Baker, marks
the actual beginning of operations
from the Siberian coast to the relief of
the Osecho-Slovaks. British and
French contingents have been at Vlad
ivostok for several days and thsre is
reason to believe that the Japanese
have also landed.
The march of events In Russia from,
news received Thursday seems to be
rapidly assuming the proportion of
route of the Bolshevikl and of a nature
to bring dismay to Germany.
With allied troops rapidly moving
south from Archangel, forces of Brit
ish, French, Japanese and American
troops at Vladivostok and operating to
the westward, and a British force at
Baku, the Czecho-Slovaks have taken
new heart In their heroic fight against
the Germans and Austrians.
Latest dispatches recorded the ad
vance of the allied troops from Arch
angel to Pabereshakala, 100 miles
south, on the road to Vologda. The
Bolshevikl are retreating and were re
ported committing every known atroc
ity upon the civilian population, which
openly has espoused the.cause of the
The Bolshevikl throughout Russia
•re reported not only fleeing the ad
vancing allies, but the newly aroused
Russians, who havb learned that the
allies are not beaten on the western
front, as the Germans and Bolshevikl
have been persistently preaching, are
the great mass of the people,, the men
organising. As the real news reaches
are raported taking up the arms that
they carried home with them when
tffey were disbanded after the debacle
Of Brest-Lltocsk.
Dutch Ships to Bring Supplies.
Washington. — Forty Dutch ships
totalling approximately 100,000 tons,
now Idle In Dutch East Indian ports
are expected to bo released to bring
sugar, tin, quinine and other commodi
ties to the United State* as the result
of an Informal modus vivendi effected
by the war trade board.
Anna Held Is Dead.
New York.—Anna Held, the noted
actress, died August 12 In her apart
ments at the Hotel Savoy. The popu
lar little French actress had made
gallunt fight against death for nearly
six months. She suffered from a rare
bone disease, but finally succumbed to
Canadians Closa In on Roye.
London.—The Canadians have taken
the villages of Dumery and Pnrrlllers,
a short distance northwest of Roye, ac
cording to Field Marshal Haig's offic
ial communication, Issued Thursday
evening. The British line southeast of
Proyart, Just south of the Somme, has
been advanced a short distance.
Dr. Edward Rumley, the vice presi
dent, eeeretary and publisher of the
New York Evening Mall, who hoe
been arreeted by government agente
en chargea of perjury which grew out
ef a statement made by Rumely that
the Mall was an American-owned pa
Kansas Oil Man Drop* Dead.
Neodesha, Kan.—Theodore Johnson,
69, the youngest member of the Neo
desha G. A. R..^ and known as the
"Kansas Oil Man," died at his home
here. The first wells In Kansas were
drilled on his laatf over 20 years ago.
Aima Held Has Fighting Chance.
New York.—Anna Held, the noted
actress, who. contracted pneumonia
after a Ova months' battle for life
against a rare bone disease, still has
I chan ce. It was stated Mon
" -------*•
That American
m wet ««>
17 ,
8lx Men In Coast Guard Station and
Lighthouse Overcome By Gae Dis
charged on Water By German
Washington. — Gas from oil dis
charged on the water by the German
submarine operating off the Middle
Atlantic coast overcame six men in
the coast guard station and lighthouse
on Smith's Island, N. C., the navy de
partment was advised Monday by the
commandant of the sixth naval dis
If the gas attack were deliberate, as
most officials believed, It constitutes
new and ingenious form of "fright
fulness," and so far as has been re
ported, was the first direct effort of
the German raiders to harm persons
or property on American shores.
! his
The gas was said by the command
ant of the coastguard station to have been
much the same effect as the mustard \
gas used by the Germans on the west
ern front. The men were laid out for
more than half an hour, but appar
ently suffered no serious alter effects.
The dispatch relating the gas at
tack was one of a series concerning
German submarine warfare off the At
lantic coast received during the day
by the navy department One told of
an attack on a submarine 100 miles
east of the Virginia coast by an Amer
ican destroyer, which discharged sev
enteen depth charges where the raid
er was seen to submerge. The result |
of the attack was not determined, but
after oil had appeared on the surface
of the water, two bombs were dropped
on the spot and the submarine was not
seen again.
Recommends Advance of $10,000,000
For 8teol end Iron Works.
Chicago.—Secretary McAdoo of the
treasury department has In hand full
plans for the proposed development of
Iron and steel resources of Utah, and Is
ready to put the project squarely up
to the war finance board with the rec
ommendation that the board advance
$10,000,000 for the enterprise, to which
will be added $10,000,000 to be ad
vanced by western capitalists.
The project will also call for the
building of a twenty-mile railroad from
Cedar City Into the Iron fields. The
United States railroad administration
will be asked to make that extension of
Its lines. Erection In Salt Lake of a
steel plant with 1500 tons capacity Is
Included In the gigantic Industrial
plan, and there will also be establish
ed a merchant bar mill and by-prod
ucts plant on the shores of Utah lake,
If the war finance corporation ap
proves the project.
German Prcaa Takes Alarm at Re
verts« Suffered By Hunt.
Amsterdam. — The whole German
press is sending up an urgent prayer
to the government that It should
abandon Its policy of silence regarding
war alms and undertake arranging
propaganda—otherwise a peace offen
sive—throughout the country so the
German people may know definitely
what they are fighting for.
The Hamburger Nachrichten even
pleads for an announcement of ft
change in war alms.
.~ . ., . _
•The two reverses which German
a ""f ^*' e ® uffered - 11 ® a J' s - h ? ve ;
produced a deep emotion In the Ger
man people. There Is no use denying 1
that, nor ought It to be denied."
8uffraglste Arrested.
Washington. — Another Woman's
party demonstration in protest against
the senate's delay In acting on the fed
era j suffrage amendment was broken
U p Monday by the police, 38 women
being arrested.
Plane Falls Into Bay.
Pensacola, Fla.—Three student avl
tors of the United States naval train
ng school were Instantly killed here
ate Monday when a large seaplane In
which they were nuking practice
** L.*. n --at» arils Imy
American Representative Turns Affaire
of Consulate Over to Swedish
Consul and Demands Safe Con.
duct from the Country.
Washington.—Official üispatches re
ceived Wednesday from American
Consul General Poole, In Moscow,
lifted the curtain for a moment and re
vealed an amazing train of events In
that city.
Consul General Poole, after witness
ing the violation of the French and
British consulates and the arrests of
the consuls general and their staffs,
destroyed his code books and papers
and turned the affairs of the American
consulate over to the Swedish consul,
at the same time demanding safe con
duct from the country for himself and
! his associates.
French and British citizens have
been arrested and the Bolshevikl have
\ announced they would hold them as
hostages because of the attack on the
soviet government by British and
French troops at Arehangel.
Members of the French and British
military missions stationed in Moscow
were refused permission to leave the
country in spite of a previous promise
of safe conduct.
It Is possible that since the sending
of Consul General Poole's telegrams,
which began on July 29 and continued
until August 6, the situation may ..ave
changed, because it is reported that
| Lenlne and Trotzky, the Bolshevik
leaders, have fled and the soviet gov
ernment in Moscow may have been
Should the situation be unchanged,
the American consul general's action
in turning his office over to Sweden
will not affect the status of other Am
erican consuls In Russia, as they have
been working with the local govern
ments throughout Russia where pro
ally feeling Is strong.
Cargo Carrier Is Launched.
Bristol, Pa.—The Watonwan, a cargo
carrier of 8800 tons dead weight, was
launched at the Merchants' Shipbuild
ing corporation yard here Wednesday.
W. H. Workman, general manager
of tha Handley-Page company of Eng
land, »who has propoMd to the United
; 8toto* war department a plan to build
10,000 bombing airplanes In this coun
1 try and have American aviators fly in
them acres« the Atlantic next year.
Aliens Die of Typhoid Fovor.
Asheville, N. C.—There have been
eleven deaths from typhoid fever
aman? the German civilians .m«
O« Interned^ atBk* Winva N o i
-• - - — s
are blamed for the Infection.
Formar Congreeemen Dies.
Des Moines, la.—Former Congress
man Edward H. Gillette, who was
prominent in early Iowa politics, died
In t* his home near here Wednesday. He
vas a brother If William Gillette, the
ictor-playwrlght. *
determined TO br'ng 70
Nearly Two Million Men Muet Be Sent
to France in Next Eleven Month*
to Carry Out Preaent Plan of
War Department
Washington.—Four million Ameri
can soldiers can defeat the German
army In the belief of General March,
chief of staff, and present plans of the
war department call for more than that
number under arms next summer, with
some 3 , 200,000 of them, or 80 divisions,
in France by June 30.
These and other Important facts con
cerning the nation's effort In the war
as given to the senate military commit
tee bv General March, Secretary Baker
and Provost Marshal General Crow
der, were revealed by Chairman Cham
berlain In presenting to the senate the
administration man-power bill extend
ing the draft ages to Include all men
between the ages of 18 and 45 years.
President Wilson Is determined to
bring the war to a conclusion by con
centrating all forces on the western
front, Including Italy, Secretary Baker
told the committee, and General March
supplemented this by stating that It
was the purpose to end the great world
struggle quickly and decisively. For
the nation not to put forth its maxi
mum effort at once, the chief of staff
declared, would be but playing Ger
many's game.
Thlrty-on# American divisions, or
approximately 1,300,000 men, now are
In France, with as many more In
camps in this country as a reservoir.
Secretary Baker said that the accele
rated program of troop movements
overseas, which has enabled General
Pershing to organize his first field
array of some 1,250,000 men, will be
continued because of the generous ac
tion of the British government In sup
plying shipping.
To carry out the present program of
80 divisions overseas by June 30.
nearly 2,000,000 men must be sent to
France in the next eleven months.
General March told the committee,
according to the report to the senate,
that he was in favor of young men for
the army and that the youths of 18
registered under the new draft law
would be In France by June 30. He es
timated that some 2,300,000 men quali
fied for full military service would be
secured from the new registrants, and
he outlined the calls for the next year
or more as follows :
August, 250,000 ; September, 200,000 ;
October, 155,000; November, 150,000;
December, 150,000; January, 100,000;
February 200,000, and 300,000 monthly
thereafter until the end of next year.
General Crowder Says Plans are Made
For Registering 13,000,000.
Washington.—Provost Marshal Gen
eral Crowder announced August 15
that plans already have been made for
registering the 13,000,000 additional
men which he estimates will be
brought under the selective service law
when congress enacts the pending bill
extending the age limits to Include men
between 18 and 45 years. From this
number approxiiniately 2,000,000 quail
fled for full military service are expect
ed to be secured.
So urgent Is the need for additional
man-power, General Crowder said, that
the draft machinery Is being put into
shape for the great task ahead without
waiting for final action by congress.
Men of the new draft will be needed by
October 1 and in order to get them
registration day will have to be held
not later than September 15, and, If
possible, September 15 will be fixed
as the day.
When the 13,000,000 men are enroll
ed, nearly 25,000,000 will have been
registered since the United States en
tered the war. There were some 10,000,
000 enrolled on the first registration
day, June 5, 1917 ; another 600,000
last June 5, and several hundred thous
and more are expected to be enrolled
August 24.
Food Prices Advance.
Washington. — Food price figures
made public August 15 by the bureau
of labor statistics show further In
creases In June, the greatest advance
being 32 per cent for potatoes. An
average increase of 7 per cent In food
prices is shown for the year ended
June 15.
Decree In Oil Meets Protest.
Washington.—The United States ami
f!reat Britain have Joined In dlnio
,natl c representations to the Mexican
Kovemment against the oil hind de
-------- 1 de '
créés of President Carranza, which, It
Is contended, amounts practically to
Twenty-two German Plane, Downed
London.—Twenty-two German
planes were destroyed and six driven
____ ""i™ " lul six driven I
i ?,* ° f „ Contro1 Th «"«J a y. according ta
he T Clal con, ™°l«'tton on oerild
s operations. Fifteen British airplanes.
are missing.
Thirty.four Thousand Hun Prisoner«.
London. — According to unofficial
statements here, the Gerinn
nTtim nr " ,,ere \J ne Gennnns captured
He B8ent , nRiv, ' '>> "u- British
the Third HP ") y aml ,I)e French First mi l
f„, mm " 8 î°"" MXM ' "*'<>
> fllr 0f0 guns have been coun : «-.I.
Seventy Thousand Prisoners and Sev
enteen Hundred Ouns Taken by the
Allies 8ince July 18.—Germans
Using Boya to 'Fill Gape.
Paris.—The Huns are not only Iming
driven back, but. are losing heavily in
men and munitions. Our booty in pri>
oners and guns, which now is official
ly reported at 70,000 men and 1700 can
pon since July 18, is recognized as Hi«
biggest haul the allies have made since
the war began, arid there is every rea
son to suppose that the tale of cap
tures Is by no means ended. The <;«n
nan losses since Foch launched hi
»low on July 18 are estimated at 3<!0,
900 men killed, wounded and prisoners.
The belief Is growing that the Ger
mans are much nearer the end of.their
tether than the rest of the world Inis
been allowed to guess. It is known
that to make up for the awful wastage
tu the Aisne-Marne salient and on t In
Somme the Germans have had prac
tically to empty their depots in the In
terior, and that many thousands of
youths belonging to the class of lif.'O,
which still are only in the training
tage, have ulready been drafted inn«
garrison work.
Using Up Man Power.
There Is now little doubt that t in*
Hermans have thrown in every nvail
ible reserve division on the Somme,
loping to avoid thereby a general re
treat along an extensive section of
their line.
So far ns can be seen at present,
heir resistance on the Somme cannot
yosslbiy continue much longer, in
which case their retreat, when it
jomes, will prove all the more costly
from its delay and nil the more dis
tstrous, because they will be still less
«U a position to stand the still heavier
osses It will Involve.
The key to the situation, according
'.o opinion here, lies very probably in
Russia. In his insatiable greed for ex
pansion at other people's expense the
Herman hns, In vulgar but expressive
phrase, bitten off more titan lie cun
twallow, and his boasted "conquests"
,n Russia are bidding fair to prove his
ruin on the western front.
Rum Situation a Mystery.
The entire Russian situation, how
ever, Is for the moment admittedly a
Mystery. Many people here Incline t *»
:he view that the Germans, in view of
their critical shortage of man-power,
»re deliberately seeking a breach with
the Maximalists In order to have a pre
text for seizing Petrograd, which
would give them au excuse to with
draw their troops from the Interior of
Russia and take up a shorter line
(parer home. On the other hand, there
a a great probability that the Germans,
in the face of the opening of the allied
mmpnign In Siberia on (he White sen,
»re preparing to accept the inevitable
\nd fall back, because they are unable,
jtrough sheer luck of men, to under
take a fresh Russian campaign with
uiy chance of success.
Lord Northcliffe Reports 900,000 Men
Killed During War.
London.—Lord Northcliffe on Friday
entertained at luncheon a number of
Canadian, Australian and American
editors and a number of statesmen
ind prominent citizens of the domin
Lord Northcliffe criticised the se
crecy of the British censorship, by rea
son of which, he said, the world baa
sever realized (lie magnitude of *• roa
Britain's silent efforts. The best pro»
}f what has been done, he said. '' xistel
in the casualty lists, which the censor
dhl not permit to become known »
the people of Great Britain or her
allies, but were known by the Ger
mans, to a man. .
"We have had 900,000 men '-die»
during the war," Lord Northcliffe s.i^ •
"Last year our total casualties wer
more than 800,000. These figures are #
sufficient answer to the German I"' 1 ' 1 '' 1
ganda stories that England was rent.
o fight to the last Frenchman. Haim •
American or man from the dominions
Health Board Pute Ban on Kissmfl
New York.—Persons who ' va,,t
avoid the Spanish Influenza. or
common garden variety of tin- s ''
disease, were warned by the N> "
City department of health Friday^
to kiss "except through a la
chief." 1
Dominions to Have Represent
London.—According to Hit
the Imperial war cabinet lias
that each dominion of Great ^
shall he represented by n mini-'- 11 ' 1
tioned permanently In London
Murder Mystery in Ohm
air............. ...... —
caretaker of the Point Breeze ^

I ca rein her or me i uhii
qua grounds at Sittitiiville, near
found the , lower half of .. " »
body In a weighted sack In a
him»I tin» grounds.
Reconsider Skefflngton Cs e ' , )nl „i
lamdnn.—The authorities I" j,-.
have reconsidered the ease •>( ' i(ll „.
Kheeh.v Skefflngton und ha' 1 ' ' ...; |i
mended that the home nth 1
which the decision
I mit to enable her to re
nil'll i> *'*

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