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ANIMALS FORAGE crop is important Essential for Successful and Econnm ical Production of Pork—Crops for Many Sections. (Prepared by the United States Depart ment of Agriculture.) The successful and economical pro duction of pork depends In a large measure upon good permanent pas tures supplemented by other forage crops. There should be on an average one urre of permanent pasture for euch brood sow kept. Green forage Is lit tle more than a maintenance ration amt If rapid gulns are desired hogs should have a liberal allowance of grain. Growing forage crops and graz ing them off is a good method of Im proving soils lucking In organic mat ter. Kinds of crops: (a) For the cotton belt Bermuda, bur clover, white clover and Lespedeza make good permanent pastures. These should be supple mented by small grains and rape for winter, crimson clover and vetch for spring, cowpeas and aorghum for sum mer, corn with soy beans, velvet beans or peanuts for fall, (b) For the cen tral and middle Atlantic states, Includ ing the blue-grass region, blue grass should be used largely for permanent pasture. It should be supplemented by rye for winter, rape for spring, red clover for spring and summer, corn with soy beans and rape for fall, (c) For the Northern and Eastern states blue gross or redtop provides perma nent pasture. Supplementary g fuzing should be furnished by oats anti peas for spring, rape and red clover for summer, and early field corn for fall (d) for the West grazing Is furnished by alfalfa and corn. Corn should be "hogged down." SHIPPING SWINE IN SUMMER Hot Weather Precautions to Prevent Loss of Important Part of Na tion's Meat Supply. (Prepared by the United States Depart ment of Agriculture.) Every hog that is killed in transit due to overcrowding or mishandling means a loss, at present prices, of prob ably more than $30 to the shipper as well as a waste of meat needed by the nation. Mortality in transit or after arrival at the central market can be lessened greatly In hot weather by the practice of the following simple pre cautions on the part of shippers and dealers : 1. When hogs are very hot, during or after a drive, never pour cold water over their backs. 2 . Before loading, clean out each car •nd bed it with sand which, during dry, hot weather should be wetted down thoroughly. Hogs In transit during the night only are not so likely ta be lost from overhenting its are the animats shipped in the daytUne. With day ship ments In hot weather it is highly ad visable to suspend burlap sacks of ice from the celling In various parts of the 4: a * End °f Their Journey to Mar :"~~ Do Not Run Risks by Over T-Cowding During Any Part of This amt lu . ord '' r to reduce the temperature Imais wi', , ,r' t,,I , ly ' to spr,nk,e the an ' time I. , 001,1 water - The Ice some but th' S *' nco< * ,n sacks on the floor, crow,/' unllnn * a nr e likely to pile and ifco.s,. a . r,nnui thp cakes so that only The i •' T t0 ,,le * ce a rp benefited, the domination. 8Ufflc,ent to last to In ■/!!! U "Î C'erioad. Crowding hogs Prolifi/ lr flur,n ® Warra weather is a 4 Sîj s ° f ur ce of mortality. •ts hciH *" lins of c °m, because of "hlpmèn "in w Ct ' bef ° re nnd dur,ng dneed t' ° hot Wea *hei\ should be re able wi \ a H'tnltnum. Oats are prefer Tlie in." ■' ! * sru * n feed Is necessary, nient ' 1 . xi " uim niaintennnce require °ne rw,„,",' RS ln * rnnslt ^°r 24 hours Is or am ° f Kru * n " hundredweight corn to' " M1 " utely three bushels of of bushel - CU f' 1,1 the past thousands •• 1 s °t corn have been wasted In live-M toek cars. Need The ,° f , Wco1 •"* Mutton. hiftto n * ,fM neec * of Increased pro 1 lh tlu ir » « m » eut and wool> together tain» K1 va lues, has given shçpp g opens ' Cï>l>eal t0 the older farm In fc " P «y» Dividends. }»hl c ,„ V M <n ir y calves cleanliness V«i£jJHlden<fc |„ the health of the - HE CHALLIS MESSE Paris Achieves Lovely Aftern7o7 Gowns 4V Now that women feel it a duty to muke afternoon gowns do service for ' evening wear, the Ingenuity of costutu- ! ers is put to tlie test. From one of ; the great Burls designers comes the j lovely gown pictured above and it is a triumph of french discernment and good taste; for it is quiet enough for daytime wear and distinguished enough for evening. It Is of black satin with embroidery in silver thread, This combination appears also iu French milliner thoritntive sourc >' from the most an but ln hats black frame velvet Is used instead of satin, We may accept this gown as a crlte- 1 rion iu hues and general make up of styles for the coining season. It lias ; an easy girdle terminating in sash ends. The girdle is made of satin | and that portion that encircles the wuist Is embroidered while the sash i ends are plain. The skirt portion of | a narrow, plain underskirt of moderate length and a straight tianging over-gar- ! ment vaguely confined to the figure by Among the Blouses for Fall n A \ s;-, 'A cither slip on over the head or fasten There is really au ent of blouses all ready for women ho look to the blouse more than ever . provide them variety In their ap ,rel. Since we may not have so natty frocks, what with the scarcity of wool and labor and ever}thing, " l must turn to the blouses made of cot tons or those of silk to add the sp.ee of variety to skirts and suits that are rving overtime. Blouses are of two characters— those that arc moderate In pri...... where from about three dollars to " eight or ten—and those that employ lavish or difficult handwork that brings their value up to two or thiee times the outside price of those in the other class. It seems Inconsistent to talk of war-time economy in the same breath with these extravagantly priced affairs, but It Is not always so: sonic of them nre remarkably durable, to blouses that most n '' o " aaa e ,y l prlce d however, are the ---- ,„,i ...„oi't in de models that nre new at sign. French voi.e, fine georgette crepe nre the materials to select—no matter what the 1,1111 It l-s not in the nrnterh '>Mn„the laces nnd other dicorutl • the 15 T.Ä . "ii™ "î» how to do exquisite needleworl the advantage because they can this exacting handwork for themsclv . Fine organdie Is another materia that helps solve the problem of dalntj blouses at moderate prices. Georgette remains a great favorite nnd the two new models shown In the picture for hm are of this délient, and beautiful material. They a.e among the considerable number .hut have do the overdress is ns long as the under skirt at the back nnd considerably shorter in front. Tills is a new de velopruent of the tunic skirt which is destined to reappear ln winter gowns. The embroidered band on the back portion is not so wide as It Is on the front. The sleeves and collar are especial ly interesting because they are both new departures. Both are as plain as possible but each is original. The sleeves are cut full length and flaring but are trimmed away at the wrist un til the upper portion extends only a few inches below the elbow. The up standing collar is of black crepe georg ette and is supported by a few very small, uunoticeable wires. Satin in black nnd in dark colors, promises to be of all fabrics the most used for afternoon gowns. New drap <'d skirts nnd new tunic skirts appear and silver tinsel ln embroidered bands is sure to be followed by silver lace in conjunction with them. cither slip on over the head or fasten along one shoulder. In the blouse at the left two colors are used—a panel at the front in color joined to the white of the blouse by beadwork. Hemstitching is used in voile or other cottons and in silks to introduce a be coming touch of color by joining It to white blouses. This blouse has the round neck finished with a frill and the bands of ribbon laid over the cuffs, which are among new style features. The blouse at the right is of geor tte In a pale color, braided with sou tache iu the same shade. It fastens the shoulder under a collar that'Is j ornamented with two small silk cov ereil balls. i i ( j : oC fancy work nowadays. Knitting \Y. When You Put Lace On are not doing much In the way 1 takes up all our spare time, and to It j we devote our energy. But perhaps you will have occasion to sew some a curving edge—like that of a |>ou centerpiece— nnd If you do. writes a , here Is a llt tle trick ! divulged by a woman who is experl »<* «**■. ; a little r it and tie it with a thread so that it will not unroll. Then dip the straight edge in hot water. Just the edge, nnd about half the width of the lace Wring the wnter out and dry the lace! still In the little roll. When It Is dr y the inside will be slightly shrunk, so that it will measure less than the outside, and so you will have less dif ficulty in fitting It to the curved edges of the centerpiece. • MOTOR (MA S ® TRANSPORTATION FORCE!! Survey Shows That 90 per cent of Automobile Use Is for Bus iness Pur poses /Ml, AND /CHEMICAL. WR 17 AfiUGDlTURE FORESTRY ANIMAL* HUSBANDRY ED By JOHN N. WILLYS. O you know that right now there are 5,000,000 motor vehicles In use, or one to every twenty persons ln the United States? In these cars twenty-five million people, one-fourth SERVICE. MINING ! majujemtcrd* AND CHEMKAL INRUSTKIES VTA as.* ABRJ CUUrU H* forestry animal. TRADE id of the population, could be transported 100 miles or more In a single day. Only the first filling of gasoline would be needed for the Jour ney. Before the war produced unheard of conditions. It la not astonishing that people had paid little attention to these matters and had not analyzed the use fulness of the automobile. The manu facturers themselves believed their splendid sales organizations to have been responsible for their marked sales Increases, when as a matter of fact, the motor car had come to fill f de mand which had existed for centuries. But now we have stopped to analyze lea ln In of In ________________ wtr __________Ice the food we eat, the clothes we wear ! nnd the time we can save. How then does the automobile fit into this big plan? Who uses it? There was only one way to find out definitely and that was to ask the peo ple who owned and operated cars. This was accomplished by getting an expression from every man who pur chased one particular make of car ln 1917, showing the occupation in which he was engaged. This Information has been tabulated ln classifications by trade to conform with the census fig ures: Investigation Proves Usefulness. The result of this Investigation when charted, showed some surprising facts. The first one is that this survey proved j that 90 per cent of automobile use Is 1 for business purposes. The uext great fact, gained at a glance, was that the men whose busi ness depended upon covering a great deal of ground in a short space of time were its largest purchasers. While these figures apply only to the 1917 production of one manufacturer of cars, we may safely assume that ap proximately the same divisions by trades are applicable to automobile ownership in general. We have there fore assumed that to be the case ln our conclusions. Shall we expect to find automobiles ln the city alone? Look at the occupational division of the chart. The great American farm er, representing 33.2 per cent of the population of the country, bought 53.1 By replacing horses ths motor cars 1 on the farms of this country represent j a potential saving of sufficient food- ! stuffs to supply the wants of three | and one-third millions of people an- ! a nually. per cent of the automobiles last year. The farmer Is buying automobiles be cause they have done more to lighten labor and change his entire plane of living and doing business than any other invention since the harvesting machine. The Isolation of the country is gone and ln Its place have come the educa tional and market advantage of the city, more contentment on the part of the farmers' families. Again, the "trade" classification of the chart shows a large percentage of cars owned and again the cause. For this division Is comprised largely of salesmen. This classification, embrac ing 9.5 per cent of the population, owns 18.9 per cent of the automobiles. These men have found that with the aid of the motor car they can make them selves much more effective in their work. Obviously, salesmen ln these days must make themselves more ef ficient. Many a salesman is adding to his territory that of someone in the service. I asked one of the greatest and most important food concerns ln Amer SCRAPS Arbitration awards give new con cessions to London (England) county council tramway employees totaling 450,000 a year. All the school boards of Caithness, Scotland, have adopted a minimum sal ary for assistant teachers, commencing at $400. Oyster shells are being used exten sively In the manufacture of portland cement along the coasi of the Gulf of Mexico. lea what the motor car means to them I ln their business. Time Saver for Big Concerns. ! Their answer was typicakof the sav- j * lng ln time, railroad facilities and man I power that the automobile Is making. J These people told me that the salsa- j man with an automobile could cover from 10 to 20 per cent more ground. In the city the salesman can call on the trade more frequently. In other words, the automobile la the equiva lent of 10 to 20 per cent extra man power. The motor car has been an invalu able aid to men in professional serv cent of the population, 7.3 per cent of the automobiles are owned. Here In this highly important occupational Assuming that every automobile eaves one hour a day, the total time < saved represents an army of 625,000, men at work ev-i ery day. Compare! this with the total number of men In service today. as is shown by the fact that in ! this classification representing 4.4 per j dlvlslon we flnd physlclan called 1 his congregation. Increasing his Sunday attendance and helping ln a thousand ways, taking the place of the "cir cuit rider" but using his automobile in his mission of mercy. Likewise the lawyer, the judge, the college professor all find that *h<* pas senger car helps to conserve tinae in their dutlgs. Another significant fact is that the claBslflcaton, "Public Service" allows that, comprising as It does 1.2 -per cent of the population, It contains 1.6 per cent of the automobile owners. This branch Is composed of city and county offielals, mail carriers and men In the employ of city, state or national gov ernment. Many of these men must cover a wide area in their duties and it is here that the motor ear Is help ing. Helps to Speed Up Industry. The manufacturing industry affords another of our vast resources. This 1 classification covers the factory own j er, contractor, baker, blacksmith, and ! their operatives. This branch repre | sents a total of 27.9 per cent of the ! total population of the country and yet , out In the middle of the night, or speed- , lng to save a life by prompt response ; to an emergency call. We also find j him taking care of more patients over j a wider area to make up for some oth-; er physician wearing the uniform of j the army the navy or the Red Cross, j But what of the country preacher? ; He too, is going about, using his pas- : senger car to minister to the wants of , shows only 10.1 per cent of the auto mobiles owned. Located in the cities. Industry Is not so dependent upon the automobile, and still every motor car in this great branch Is doing Its part In speeding up production. In the business com munity having 1,800 automobiles lt is safe to say that each one in service will save an hour a day. This would mean that such a community is 125 working days ahead every day. Carry these figures to the 5,000,000 registered automobiles in the country and It means that the nation ts 625,000 work ing days ahead every day in time saved. Or commute this into man pow er and it gives America the extra services of an army of 625,000 men at work every day. Under the heading "Transportation" are Included all of the managers, su Thera are 5,000,000 registered that there is one automobile The first short course of agronomy and animal husbandry at the Univer sity of British Columbia is now in full progress. After a controversy that lasted ten years French scientists have decided that the use of old corks ln wine bot tles Is not detrimental to health. Two shoes have been patented to support the arches of their wearer's feet, one with a bracket extending for ward from the heel and the other hav ing a projection from the shank to the ground. perintendents, foremen and employees H of the many public service corpora tlons of the country. Here we find k * ke railroads, telephone and telegraph g companies and many like occupations. ^ ^**1 represent 3.0 per cent of the population and own but 8.9 per cent of the automobiles. The reason tor this small percentage of car owners it at once apparent, aa the bulk of the business of these men is over various carriers of the country and here the automobile is not so much an essential to the conduct of their dudes. Mining Minutes With Motor Car. The next census occupadonal di vision covers the mining, quarry and oil-well Industries; including owners, superintendents, foremen and oper adves. Here we found that while this classification represented 2.5 per cent of the population of the country, it owns 2.1 per cent of the antomo blles. This occupation is not one which must necessarily cover a wide area. Yet every hour and minute must count, for ail of the products are vitally necessary ln the war program. The next two classifications are composed of hotel proprietors, restau rant owners, boarding-house keepers, clerks and employees. Here, if any where, we might expect to find the passenger cars used almost wholly for recreation. But, while these two com blned classifications represent 11.5 per cent 0 f t jj e population, they own only 39 j*,,. cent of automobiles, Thls survey of the automobile and j lt8 many and «j Ive r S ified uses only serve8 t0 stre ngthen the conclusion j tn at lt constitutes the greatest trans j portatlon force In the world. ; Compare the motor cars with the : ra n roa( ]s and we find the automobiles , of thls country traveling 80,000,000,000 miles a year as compared with the 35, 000 , 000,000 passenger miles of the rail roads. These multipliers of energy are traveling 40,000,000 miles a day, the equivalent of 1,600 times around the world. Many a nation has been conquered, not for lack of bravery or The passenger automobile travels 60.000. 000.000 miles annually as against 35.000. 000.000 miles traveled by all railroads. men, but for the lack of transporta tion. We are farther from our bases of supply than any warring nation. This nation must devote every ounce of energy to produce more food, more munitions, but with the enormous In creases must come more transporta tion ; more done In less time. We cannot go bock to the days of the army mule and pack saddle, the prairie schooner nnd the "one hoss shay." Speed, speed and more speed is the cry. And America answers with her 5.000. 000 automobiles—the greatest transportation tool, the greatest aid to personal efficiency in the world. Value of Priming Cups. If the motor has no priming cups it will be hard to stnrt on cold mornings. Get a set of spark plugs with priming cups attached. Remember that ether is tlie best substance for priming. Truck as Well as Auto. The average automobile on the farm is a truck as well. automobiles in America. This means to every twenty persons. Ventilate Coal Piles. Unless coal piles are well ven tilated spontaneous combustion wilt follow. To prevent spontaneous com bustion, the bureuu of mines gives these suggestions: (1) Build a coal bln on dry ground. (2) Store only one size of coal in each pile. (3) Re move fine coal for immediate use If possible. (4) Don't wet and dry the coal alternately while piling. (5) Store the coal In small piles near *lio place where It Is to be used. (0) Us® small bins in storage yards.