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The Challis messenger. (Challis, Idaho) 1912-current, October 09, 1918, Image 7

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn88056159/1918-10-09/ed-1/seq-7/

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FARM
ANIMALS
FORAGE crop is important
Essential for Successful and Econnm
ical Production of Pork—Crops
for Many Sections.
(Prepared by the United States Depart
ment of Agriculture.)
The successful and economical pro
duction of pork depends In a large
measure upon good permanent pas
tures supplemented by other forage
crops. There should be on an average
one urre of permanent pasture for euch
brood sow kept. Green forage Is lit
tle more than a maintenance ration
amt If rapid gulns are desired hogs
should have a liberal allowance of
grain. Growing forage crops and graz
ing them off is a good method of Im
proving soils lucking In organic mat
ter.
Kinds of crops: (a) For the cotton
belt Bermuda, bur clover, white clover
and Lespedeza make good permanent
pastures. These should be supple
mented by small grains and rape for
winter, crimson clover and vetch for
spring, cowpeas and aorghum for sum
mer, corn with soy beans, velvet beans
or peanuts for fall, (b) For the cen
tral and middle Atlantic states, Includ
ing the blue-grass region, blue grass
should be used largely for permanent
pasture. It should be supplemented
by rye for winter, rape for spring, red
clover for spring and summer, corn
with soy beans and rape for fall, (c)
For the Northern and Eastern states
blue gross or redtop provides perma
nent pasture. Supplementary g fuzing
should be furnished by oats anti peas
for spring, rape and red clover for
summer, and early field corn for fall
(d) for the West grazing Is furnished
by alfalfa and corn. Corn should be
"hogged down."
SHIPPING SWINE IN SUMMER
Hot Weather Precautions to Prevent
Loss of Important Part of Na
tion's Meat Supply.
(Prepared by the United States Depart
ment of Agriculture.)
Every hog that is killed in transit
due to overcrowding or mishandling
means a loss, at present prices, of prob
ably more than $30 to the shipper as
well as a waste of meat needed by the
nation. Mortality in transit or after
arrival at the central market can be
lessened greatly In hot weather by the
practice of the following simple pre
cautions on the part of shippers and
dealers :
1. When hogs are very hot, during
or after a drive, never pour cold water
over their backs.
2 . Before loading, clean out each car
•nd bed it with sand which, during dry,
hot weather should be wetted down
thoroughly. Hogs In transit during the
night only are not so likely ta be lost
from overhenting its are the animats
shipped in the daytUne. With day ship
ments In hot weather it is highly ad
visable to suspend burlap sacks of ice
from the celling In various parts of the
4:
a * End °f Their Journey to Mar
:"~~ Do Not Run Risks by Over
T-Cowding During Any Part of This
amt lu . ord '' r to reduce the temperature
Imais wi', , ,r' t,,I , ly ' to spr,nk,e the an '
time I. , 001,1 water - The Ice some
but th' S *' nco< * ,n sacks on the floor,
crow,/' unllnn * a nr e likely to pile and
ifco.s,. a . r,nnui thp cakes so that only
The i •' T t0 ,,le * ce a rp benefited,
the domination. 8Ufflc,ent to last to
In ■/!!! U "Î C'erioad. Crowding hogs
Prolifi/ lr flur,n ® Warra weather is a
4 Sîj s ° f ur ce of mortality.
•ts hciH *" lins of c °m, because of
"hlpmèn "in w Ct ' bef ° re nnd dur,ng
dneed t' ° hot Wea *hei\ should be re
able wi \ a H'tnltnum. Oats are prefer
Tlie in." ■' ! * sru * n feed Is necessary,
nient ' 1 . xi " uim niaintennnce require
°ne rw,„,",' RS ln * rnnslt ^°r 24 hours Is
or am ° f Kru * n " hundredweight
corn to' " M1 " utely three bushels of
of bushel - CU f' 1,1 the past thousands
•• 1 s °t corn have been wasted
In live-M
toek cars.
Need
The ,° f , Wco1 •"* Mutton.
hiftto n * ,fM neec * of Increased pro
1 lh tlu ir » « m » eut and wool> together
tain» K1 va lues, has given shçpp
g opens ' Cï>l>eal t0 the older farm
In fc " P «y» Dividends.
}»hl c ,„ V M <n ir y calves cleanliness
V«i£jJHlden<fc |„ the health of the
- HE CHALLIS MESSE
Paris Achieves Lovely Aftern7o7 Gowns
4V
Now that women feel it a duty to
muke afternoon gowns do service for '
evening wear, the Ingenuity of costutu- !
ers is put to tlie test. From one of ;
the great Burls designers comes the j
lovely gown pictured above and it is
a triumph of french discernment and
good taste; for it is quiet enough for
daytime wear and distinguished
enough for evening. It Is of black
satin with embroidery in silver thread,
This combination appears also iu
French milliner
thoritntive sourc
>' from the most an
but ln hats black
frame velvet Is used instead of satin,
We may accept this gown as a crlte- 1
rion iu hues and general make up of
styles for the coining season. It lias ;
an easy girdle terminating in sash
ends. The girdle is made of satin |
and that portion that encircles the
wuist Is embroidered while the sash i
ends are plain. The skirt portion of |
a narrow, plain underskirt of moderate
length and a straight tianging over-gar- !
ment vaguely confined to the figure by
Among the Blouses for Fall
n
A
\
s;-, 'A
cither slip on over the head or fasten
There is really au
ent of blouses all ready for women
ho look to the blouse more than ever
. provide them variety In their ap
,rel. Since we may not have so
natty frocks, what with the scarcity
of wool and labor and ever}thing, " l
must turn to the blouses made of cot
tons or those of silk to add the sp.ee
of variety to skirts and suits that are
rving overtime.
Blouses are of two characters—
those that arc moderate In pri......
where from about three dollars to
"
eight or ten—and those that employ
lavish or difficult
handwork that
brings their value up to two or thiee
times the outside price of those in the
other class. It seems Inconsistent to
talk of war-time economy in the same
breath with these extravagantly priced
affairs, but It Is not always so: sonic
of them nre remarkably durable, to
blouses that most n '' o " aaa e ,y l prlce d
however, are
the
---- ,„,i ...„oi't in de
models that nre new at
sign. French voi.e, fine
georgette crepe nre the materials to
select—no matter what the 1,1111
It l-s not in the nrnterh '>Mn„the
laces nnd other dicorutl • the
15 T.Ä . "ii™ "î»
how to do exquisite needleworl
the advantage because they can
this exacting handwork for themsclv .
Fine organdie Is another materia that
helps solve the problem of dalntj
blouses at moderate prices.
Georgette remains a great favorite
nnd the two new models shown In the
picture for hm are of this délient,
and beautiful material. They a.e
among the considerable number .hut
have
do
the overdress is ns long as the under
skirt at the back nnd considerably
shorter in front. Tills is a new de
velopruent of the tunic skirt which
is destined to reappear ln winter
gowns. The embroidered band on the
back portion is not so wide as It Is on
the front.
The sleeves and collar are especial
ly interesting because they are both
new departures. Both are as plain as
possible but each is original. The
sleeves are cut full length and flaring
but are trimmed away at the wrist un
til the upper portion extends only a
few inches below the elbow. The up
standing collar is of black crepe georg
ette and is supported by a few very
small, uunoticeable wires.
Satin in black nnd in dark colors,
promises to be of all fabrics the most
used for afternoon gowns. New drap
<'d skirts nnd new tunic skirts appear
and silver tinsel ln embroidered bands
is sure to be followed by silver lace
in conjunction with them.
cither slip on over the head or fasten
along one shoulder. In the blouse at
the left two colors are used—a panel
at the front in color joined to the
white of the blouse by beadwork.
Hemstitching is used in voile or other
cottons and in silks to introduce a be
coming touch of color by joining It to
white blouses. This blouse has the
round neck finished with a frill and the
bands of ribbon laid over the cuffs,
which are among new style features.
The blouse at the right is of geor
tte In a pale color, braided with sou
tache iu the same shade. It fastens
the shoulder under a collar that'Is
j ornamented with two small silk cov
ereil balls.
i
i
(
j
: oC fancy work nowadays. Knitting
\Y.
When You Put Lace On
are not doing much In the way
1 takes up all our spare time, and to It
j we devote our energy. But perhaps
you will have occasion to sew some
a curving edge—like that of a
|>ou
centerpiece— nnd If you do. writes a
, here Is a llt tle trick
! divulged by a woman who is experl
»<* «**■. ;
a little r it and tie it with a thread so
that it will not unroll. Then dip the
straight edge in hot water. Just the
edge, nnd about half the width of the
lace Wring the wnter out and dry the
lace! still In the little roll. When It Is
dr y the inside will be slightly shrunk,
so that it will measure less than the
outside, and so you will have less dif
ficulty in fitting It to the curved edges
of the centerpiece.
• MOTOR (MA S ®
TRANSPORTATION FORCE!!
Survey Shows
That 90 per cent
of Automobile
Use Is for Bus
iness Pur
poses
/Ml,
AND
/CHEMICAL.
WR
17
AfiUGDlTURE
FORESTRY
ANIMAL*
HUSBANDRY
ED
By JOHN N. WILLYS.
O you know that right now
there are 5,000,000 motor
vehicles In use, or one to
every twenty persons ln
the United States?
In these cars twenty-five
million people, one-fourth
SERVICE.
MINING !
majujemtcrd*
AND
CHEMKAL
INRUSTKIES
VTA
as.*
ABRJ CUUrU H*
forestry
animal.
TRADE
id
of the population, could be
transported 100 miles or more In a
single day. Only the first filling of
gasoline would be needed for the Jour
ney.
Before the war produced unheard
of conditions. It la not astonishing that
people had paid little attention to these
matters and had not analyzed the use
fulness of the automobile. The manu
facturers themselves believed their
splendid sales organizations to have
been responsible for their marked sales
Increases, when as a matter of fact,
the motor car had come to fill f de
mand which had existed for centuries.
But now we have stopped to analyze
lea
ln
In
of
In
________________ wtr __________Ice
the food we eat, the clothes we wear !
nnd the time we can save.
How then does the automobile fit
into this big plan? Who uses it?
There was only one way to find out
definitely and that was to ask the peo
ple who owned and operated cars.
This was accomplished by getting an
expression from every man who pur
chased one particular make of car ln
1917, showing the occupation in which
he was engaged. This Information has
been tabulated ln classifications by
trade to conform with the census fig
ures:
Investigation Proves Usefulness.
The result of this Investigation when
charted, showed some surprising facts.
The first one is that this survey proved j
that 90 per cent of automobile use Is 1
for business purposes.
The uext great fact, gained at a
glance, was that the men whose busi
ness depended upon covering a great
deal of ground in a short space of time
were its largest purchasers. While
these figures apply only to the 1917
production of one manufacturer of
cars, we may safely assume that ap
proximately the same divisions by
trades are applicable to automobile
ownership in general. We have there
fore assumed that to be the case ln
our conclusions.
Shall we expect to find automobiles
ln the city alone?
Look at the occupational division of
the chart. The great American farm
er, representing 33.2 per cent of the
population of the country, bought 53.1
By replacing horses ths motor cars 1
on the farms of this country represent j
a potential saving of sufficient food- !
stuffs to supply the wants of three |
and one-third millions of people an- !
a
nually.
per cent of the automobiles last year.
The farmer Is buying automobiles be
cause they have done more to lighten
labor and change his entire plane of
living and doing business than any
other invention since the harvesting
machine.
The Isolation of the country is gone
and ln Its place have come the educa
tional and market advantage of the
city, more contentment on the part
of the farmers' families.
Again, the "trade" classification of
the chart shows a large percentage of
cars owned and again the cause. For
this division Is comprised largely of
salesmen. This classification, embrac
ing 9.5 per cent of the population, owns
18.9 per cent of the automobiles. These
men have found that with the aid of
the motor car they can make them
selves much more effective in their
work. Obviously, salesmen ln these
days must make themselves more ef
ficient. Many a salesman is adding to
his territory that of someone in the
service.
I asked one of the greatest and
most important food concerns ln Amer
SCRAPS
Arbitration awards give new con
cessions to London (England) county
council tramway employees totaling
450,000 a year.
All the school boards of Caithness,
Scotland, have adopted a minimum sal
ary for assistant teachers, commencing
at $400.
Oyster shells are being used exten
sively In the manufacture of portland
cement along the coasi of the Gulf of
Mexico.
lea what the motor car means to them I
ln their business.
Time Saver for Big Concerns.
!
Their answer was typicakof the sav- j *
lng ln time, railroad facilities and man I
power that the automobile Is making. J
These people told me that the salsa- j
man with an automobile could cover
from 10 to 20 per cent more ground.
In the city the salesman can call on
the trade more frequently. In other
words, the automobile la the equiva
lent of 10 to 20 per cent extra man
power.
The motor car has been an invalu
able aid to men in professional serv
cent of the population, 7.3 per cent
of the automobiles are owned. Here
In this highly important occupational
Assuming that
every automobile
eaves one hour a
day, the total time <
saved represents an
army of 625,000,
men at work ev-i
ery day. Compare!
this with the total
number of men In
service today.
as is shown by the fact that in
! this classification representing 4.4 per
j dlvlslon we flnd physlclan called
1
his congregation. Increasing his Sunday
attendance and helping ln a thousand
ways, taking the place of the "cir
cuit rider" but using his automobile in
his mission of mercy.
Likewise the lawyer, the judge, the
college professor all find that *h<* pas
senger car helps to conserve tinae in
their dutlgs.
Another significant fact is that the
claBslflcaton, "Public Service" allows
that, comprising as It does 1.2 -per cent
of the population, It contains 1.6 per
cent of the automobile owners. This
branch Is composed of city and county
offielals, mail carriers and men In the
employ of city, state or national gov
ernment. Many of these men must
cover a wide area in their duties and
it is here that the motor ear Is help
ing.
Helps to Speed Up Industry.
The manufacturing industry affords
another of our vast resources. This
1 classification covers the factory own
j er, contractor, baker, blacksmith, and
! their operatives. This branch repre
| sents a total of 27.9 per cent of the
! total population of the country and yet
,
out In the middle of the night, or speed- ,
lng to save a life by prompt response ;
to an emergency call. We also find j
him taking care of more patients over j
a wider area to make up for some oth-;
er physician wearing the uniform of j
the army the navy or the Red Cross, j
But what of the country preacher? ;
He too, is going about, using his pas- :
senger car to minister to the wants of ,
shows only 10.1 per cent of the auto
mobiles owned.
Located in the cities. Industry Is not
so dependent upon the automobile, and
still every motor car in this great
branch Is doing Its part In speeding
up production. In the business com
munity having 1,800 automobiles lt is
safe to say that each one in service
will save an hour a day. This would
mean that such a community is 125
working days ahead every day. Carry
these figures to the 5,000,000 registered
automobiles in the country and It
means that the nation ts 625,000 work
ing days ahead every day in time
saved. Or commute this into man pow
er and it gives America the extra
services of an army of 625,000 men at
work every day.
Under the heading "Transportation"
are Included all of the managers, su
Thera are 5,000,000 registered
that there is one automobile
The first short course of agronomy
and animal husbandry at the Univer
sity of British Columbia is now in full
progress.
After a controversy that lasted ten
years French scientists have decided
that the use of old corks ln wine bot
tles Is not detrimental to health.
Two shoes have been patented to
support the arches of their wearer's
feet, one with a bracket extending for
ward from the heel and the other hav
ing a projection from the shank to the
ground.
perintendents, foremen and employees H
of the many public service corpora
tlons of the country. Here we find
k
* ke railroads, telephone and telegraph g
companies and many like occupations. ^
^**1 represent 3.0 per cent of the
population and own but 8.9 per cent
of the automobiles. The reason tor
this small percentage of car owners
it at once apparent, aa the bulk of
the business of these men is over
various carriers of the country and
here the automobile is not so much
an essential to the conduct of their
dudes.
Mining Minutes With Motor Car.
The next census occupadonal di
vision covers the mining, quarry and
oil-well Industries; including owners,
superintendents, foremen and oper
adves. Here we found that while
this classification represented 2.5 per
cent of the population of the country,
it owns 2.1 per cent of the antomo
blles. This occupation is not one
which must necessarily cover a wide
area. Yet every hour and minute
must count, for ail of the products are
vitally necessary ln the war program.
The next two classifications are
composed of hotel proprietors, restau
rant owners, boarding-house keepers,
clerks and employees. Here, if any
where, we might expect to find the
passenger cars used almost wholly for
recreation. But, while these two com
blned classifications represent 11.5 per
cent 0 f t jj e population, they own only
39 j*,,. cent of automobiles,
Thls survey of the automobile and
j lt8 many and «j Ive r S ified uses only
serve8 t0 stre ngthen the conclusion
j tn at lt constitutes the greatest trans
j portatlon force In the world.
; Compare the motor cars with the
: ra n roa( ]s and we find the automobiles
, of thls country traveling 80,000,000,000
miles a year as compared with the 35,
000 , 000,000 passenger miles of the rail
roads. These multipliers of energy
are traveling 40,000,000 miles a day,
the equivalent of 1,600 times around
the world. Many a nation has been
conquered, not for lack of bravery or
The passenger automobile travels
60.000. 000.000 miles annually as against
35.000. 000.000 miles traveled by all
railroads.
men, but for the lack of transporta
tion. We are farther from our bases
of supply than any warring nation.
This nation must devote every ounce
of energy to produce more food, more
munitions, but with the enormous In
creases must come more transporta
tion ; more done In less time. We
cannot go bock to the days of the army
mule and pack saddle, the prairie
schooner nnd the "one hoss shay."
Speed, speed and more speed is the
cry. And America answers with her
5.000. 000 automobiles—the greatest
transportation tool, the greatest aid to
personal efficiency in the world.
Value of Priming Cups.
If the motor has no priming cups it
will be hard to stnrt on cold mornings.
Get a set of spark plugs with priming
cups attached. Remember that ether
is tlie best substance for priming.
Truck as Well as Auto.
The average automobile on the farm
is a truck as well.
automobiles in America. This means
to every twenty persons.
Ventilate Coal Piles.
Unless coal piles are well ven
tilated spontaneous combustion wilt
follow. To prevent spontaneous com
bustion, the bureuu of mines gives
these suggestions: (1) Build a coal
bln on dry ground. (2) Store only
one size of coal in each pile. (3) Re
move fine coal for immediate use If
possible. (4) Don't wet and dry the
coal alternately while piling. (5)
Store the coal In small piles near *lio
place where It Is to be used. (0) Us®
small bins in storage yards.

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