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TUM PAPER Um inliited In the eereice of TUK 00 VERMISST for the period ' OF THE WAR! EVERTUAS S PLKDfMt America Shalt Win!hit Hïr Therefore. I trill troth, / trill tare, l trill ear rife*. I Will < 'hire, I uill Jhjht—cheer!ullg anil to tat) ntnioit-at if the trhole ieiae of the tlniggle depended on me alone. * ESTABLISHED 1881. VOLUME 38. LE VDlNCi, OFFICIAL AND OLDEST NEWSPAPER OF CUSTER COUNTY, IDAHO. 82.50 PER YEAR CHALLIS, IDAHO. WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 16. 1918 NO 17 UNCLE SAM'S ADVICEON FLU U. S. Publio Health Service Issues Official Health Bulletin on Influenza. LATEST WORD ON SUBJECT. Epidemic Probably Not Spanish In Origin—Germ Still Unknown—Peo ple Should Guard Against "Droplet Infection"—Surgeon General Blue Makes Authoritative Statement. Washington, D. C.—(Special)—Al though King Alfonso of Spain was one of tho victims of the Influenza epi demic In 1803 and again this summer, Spanish authorities repudiate any claim to Influenza as a "Spanish" dis ease. If the people of this country do not take care the epidemic will be come so widespread throughout the United St&teB that soon wo shall hear the disease called "Amerlcnu" Influ enza. In response to a request for definite Information concerning Spanish Influ enza, Surgeon General Rupert Blue of the U. S. Public Health Service has authorized the following official inter view : What Is Spanish Inf!uenza7 It It something new? Does It come from Spain? "The disease now occurring In this country and called 'Spanish Influen za' resembles a very contagious kind of 'cold,' accompanied by fever, pains Coughs and Sneezes Spread Diseases As Dangerous as Poison Cas Shells In the head, eyes, ears, back or other parts of the body and a feeling of se vere sickness. In most of the cases the symptoms disappear after three or four days, tho patient then rapidly recover ing. Some of the patients, however, develop pneumonia, uor Inflammation of the ear, or meningitis, and many of these complicated cases die. Whether this so-called 'Spanish' influenza Is Identical with tho epidemics of Influen za of earlier years is not yet known. "Epidemics of Influenza have visited this country since 1647. It Is interest ing to know that this first epidemic wns brought hero from Valencia, kpaln. ' Since that time there have been numerous epidemics of the dis pose. In 18S9 hnd 1800 an epidemic of Influenza, starting somewhere In the Orient, spread first to Russia and thence over practically the entire civ ilized world. Three years later there was another flare-up of the disease. Both times (he epidemic spread wide ly over the United States. Although the present epidemic Is called 'Spanish Influenza,' there is no reason to believe that it originated in bpaln. Some writers who have studied the question believe that the epidemic came from the Orient and they call at tention to the fact that the Germans nention Ule disease as occurring along o eastern front in the summer and U of 1017," How can "Spanish Influenza" bs roc gnlzed? There Is as yet no ccrtnln way In nieh a single case of 'Spanish Influ za can be recognized. On the oth V in nd, recognition is easy where ere Is n group of coses. In contrast he outbreaks of ordinary coughs ... colds, which usually occur In the d months, epidemics of Influenza h, 3 L U M CUr nt any season of the year, nus the present epidemic raged most tensely t n Europe in May, June and ;■ moreover, in the case of ordi C0 " 8 ' tlle General symptoms » pain, depression) are by no ans as severe or as Budden In their * " they are In Influenza. Final -inrh n ,? ry cold ® do not .spread Jf" t . he , community so rapidly or extensively as does influenza. in«* 1 ca,es n P* r «on taken sick influenza feels sick rather sud- Ue 'eels weak, has pains In the ears, head or back, and may be an over. Many patients feel Ï! " me , »»«nit Most of tbe pa- »complain of feeling chilly, and J~'. 8 ComM a f *»er-in which tho Perature rises to 100 to 104. In coses the pulse remains relattve- - «ppenriançe_onâ la. Struck,by the fact that the patient' looks slckT His eyes and the inner side of his eyelids may be slightly 'bloodshot.* or 'con gested, as the doctors say. Thera may be running from the nose, or thero may be some cough. These signs of a cold may not be marked; never theless the patient looks and feels very sick. "In addition to the appearance and the symptoms as already described examination of the patient's blood may aid the physician In recognizing 'Span ish Influenza, 1 for It lias beeu found that In this disease the number of white corpuscles shows little or no in crease above the normal. It is possi ble that tlie laboratory Investigations now being made through the National Research Council nnd the United States Hygienic Laboratory will fur nish a more certain way in which Indi vidual cuses of this disease can be recognized." What Is the course of the disease? Do people die of It? "Ordinarily, the fever lasts from three to four days and the patient re covers. But while tho proportion of deaths in the present epidemic has generally been low, In some places the outbreak has been severe and deaths have been numerous. When death oc curs It Is usually the result of a com plication." What causes the diseaae and how la it spread? "Bacteriologists who have studied In fluenza epidemics in the past have found In many of the cases a very Small rod-shaped germ called, after its discoverer, Pfeiffer's bacillus. In other cases of apparently the same kind of disease there were found pneumococci, the germs of lobar pneumonia. Still others have been caused by strepto cocci, and by others germs with long names. "No matter what particular kind of germ causes tho epidemic, It is now .b.elleved that. Influenza is always spread from person to person, the germs being carried with tbe atr along with the very small droplets of mucus, expelled by coughing or sneezing, forceful talking, and the like by one who already has the germs of the dis ease. They may also be carried about in the air in the form of dust coming from dried mucus, from coughing nnd sneezing, or from careless people who spit on tho floor and on the sidewalk. As tn most other catcbiug diseases, a person who has only a mild attack of the disease himself may give a very severe attack to others." What should be done by those who catch the disease? "It is very important that every per son who becomes sick with Influenza should go home at once nnd go to bed. This will help keep away dangerous complications and will, nt the same time, keep the patient from scattering the disease far and wide. It is highly desirable that no one be allowed to sleep in tho same room with the pa tient. In fact, no one but the nurse should be allowed in the room. "If there Is cough and sputum or running of the eyes and nose, care should be taken that all such dis charges are collected on bits of gauze or rag or paper nnpklns and burned. If the patient complains of fever and headache, he should be given water to drink, a cold compress to the forehead and a light sponge. Only such medi cine should be given as is prescribed by the doctor. It is foolish to ask the druggist lo prescribe nnd may be dan gerous to take tlie so-called 'safe, sure nnd harmless' remedies advertised by patent medicine manufacturers. "If the patient Is so situated that he can bo attended only by some one who must also look after others in tho fam ily, it is advisable that such attendant wear n wrapper, apron or gown over the ordinary house clothes while in the sick room and slip this off when leav ing to look after the others. "Nurses and attendants will do well to guard against breathing in danger ous disease germs by wearing a simple fold of gauss or mask while near the patient." Will s person who has had Influenza before catch the disease again? "It Is well known that an attack of measles or scarlet fever or smallpox usually protects a person ngainst an other attack of the same disease. This appears not to bo true of 'Spanish In fluenza.' According to newspaper re ports the King of Spain suffered an nttnek of influenza during tho epi demic thirty years ngo, and was again stricken during the recent outbreak In Spain." How can one guard against Influ enza? "In guarding against disease of all kinds, It is Important that the body be kept strong and able to light off dis ease germs. This can be done by hav ing a proper proportion of work, play and rest, by keeping the body well clothed, and by eating sufficient whole some and properly selected food. In connection with diet, it Is well to re member that milk Is one of the best all-around foods obtainable for adults os well as children. So far as a dis ease like Influenza Is concerned, health authorities everywhere recognize the very doso relation between Its spread and overcrowded homes. While it Is not always possible, especially In limes like the present, to avoid, auch HARRY BOLLOCK MES AT ». $. IRAHIN6 CAMP Harry A. Bullock, bro ther of Mrs. M. A. Dill ingham, died last Sun- ' day evening at Camp Fremont, California, af ter an illness of but two days from Spanish Influ enza. The remains will be brought to his home at Salmon and are ex pected to arrive there Friday. The young man saw his duty to his country and enlisted in its ser vice some three months ago and while not being stricken by a Hun bul let, he nevertheless died in his country's service —made the last Supreme Sacrifice. The military ritual will be used ia the burial service which will be conducted by the Sal mon Council of Defense. Harry will be remem bered by many of our citizens, he having visit ed here several weeks in the past year. Sympathy is extended the aged parents. Piano and Player lor Sale We offer for immediate sale at a substantial reduction in price a new piano and player which we have in the vicinity of Ohal lis- Quality guaranteed. Lib eral terms to a responsible par ty. For particulars write Con solidated Music Company, Salt Lake City, Utah. See Hudlow & Baxter for the best in the hardware line. We handle nothing but hardware, implements, etc-—it is our spec ialty, not a 'side line" with us— we are therefore able to save j ou money on guaranteed goods Election Ban TUESDAY November 5th, 1918 Supper by the ladiee . . ' * Returns flashed on screen at both show and dance Arrangements made [for outside returns .... Old Fashioned waltzes and two-steps . ... ^ overcrowJing, people should consider tho health danger and make every effort to reduce the home overcrowd ing to a minimum. The value of fresh nlr through open windows cannot be over emphasized. "When crowding Is unavoidable, ns in street cars, care should be taken to keep tho face so turned as not to In hale directly the air breathed out by another person. "It Is especially Important to be ware of the person who coughs or sneezes without covering his mouth and nose. It also follows that one should keep out of crowds and stuffy places as much as possible, keep homes, offices and workshops well aired, spend some time out of doors each day, walk to work If at all prac ticable—In short, make every possible effort to breathe as much pure air as possible. "In all health matters follow the ad vice of your doctor and obey the regu lations of your local and state health officers." "Cover up each cough and sneeze, If you don't you'll spread disease." , PERCE DORGAN WRITES AGAIN In France Dear Mother; Certain events have made it impossible for me to write sooner and I suppose you will think the worst has happened. Everything has been on the go here night and day. Was in one big battle not' long ago. Sure Avas a lively time and work ed night and day. The bar rage firing of the great guns was one continual roar, sha king everything around. The roads were filled with traffic ahd Red Cross ambu lances. It was a great sight at night, the sky a continu al flash of red and great search lights searching for aircraft. We arrived a few days ago on another battle line. Enough to say these are sights one will never for get. I saw trees over two feet through shot off by the great shells. Also the vil lages a ruin of stones, more goods scattered around than the homes and stores of Mac kay and Challis have on hand. Ruined and deserted small cities; big fields of ri pened grain with no one bar A*esting them. They do not have the great fields we have in the States, but the grain beats any for size and thickness I have eVer seen. I do not know when you will receive this, those who are not here do not under stand. We move any time night or day and sometimes in a great rush. Have eaten and slept with all the odors of the battlefield days old near by. The bo}*s of the U. S. A. hav'e gi\*en them hell. The U. S. soldier has proven that he is as good as he used to lie when they fought in '7(5 and under Lee and Grant They have had the Hun on the run for several days. We made a trip not long ago— two days of many long miles and two days of box car rides. We had the rolling kitchen on the big flat car and cooked and served meals We saw great numbers of soldiers and many long trains of Red Cross hospital cars, fine U. S. made cars. Was within a mile of Par is. It was quite a treat J.o me. Although very weary from marching and work, it was good to be away from the front for a short time. Say hello to your friends and mine. Please God a short time until we fix our enemies— then home. Your loving son, Pierce. Those wishing to have meats cured should place their order with the City Meat Market not later than the first of November. ■nil MES HOME Camp F'remont, Cal. Dear Folks: How are all of you? I am feeling fine. I am in the big Y. M. C. A. at Palo Alto writing. I guess that we will leave for overseas before long. We have our heavj' clothing. Tomorrow we are going out to target range to see if we could shoot a Hun. I don't think I'll ever get a chance but would sure like to be able to sa}*, "Well, I got one, anyway." I was to a show at Menlo Park last night and all of a sudden bells began to ring and people to shout that Austria had quit the \\-ar and Germany had. come to Wilson's peace terms. If so7 I'll be home by spring any way. This is a fine place. Moun tains all around like at home only the timber is oak. Peo ple are planting gardens, grain is coming up. Seems funny to me. Well, I like the army pret ty well now and I have done everything from being on K. P. and making garden (be fore being assigned to a Co) guarding headquarters to drilling new men. I'm glad I am here. I'll have a lot to tell you when I get home. I won't be like those.who stay at home and be 6orry after ward. We get all we want to eat EA*erj*thing is put on the ta ble like at home. There are hundreds of men drilling on It '* pf* „</ i A bank account not only pro* j tects your money against theft r and loss, but also protects it * against temptation to spend. Every man owes himself and his family the protection of a savings account in a good sub- * stantial bank like this one. Why not start in a small way and save eveiy pay day? Great Oaks from Little Acorns Grow & L REECE, Preat. E. W. HOVEY, Cashier E. J. MICHAEL, V.Preat. H. E. HAWORTH. Azat. Cash THE FIRST STATE BANK CHADL.IS 1 IDAHO the same field we are on. All read\* for France. They look great marching with their gas masks on. We have our guns and bayonets. I am in the company John Ackerman is in. There are 200 men in the company and are all about the same size. The officers say it is the best company in camp. We drill eight hours a day. We walk out to the field—sev.en miles out, and ride bac):. There are 40,000 men here! Guess we are for the spring drive. My officers told me today that I am the best man in my company and I guess they think so when they let me drill new men. I felt pretty proud, I could be a corporal but don't care to. A first-class private is good enough for me. There are all kinds of men here. Some don't care what they do so they get the day in. That kind are in the guard house much of the time. If we are here I expect to spend Sunday Avith Mr. Drake's folks. My, they are nice people, There is going to be a par ade here Saturday by all the trained soldiers. Verne Jvie and I Avere sure glad to see The Messenger. While I was doing my AA-ashing one of the boys came and told AA*e there was a packrge in the Y for me. I nearly broke my neck going to see. Sure enough there Avas. The eats Avere sure fine, best I've had since I've been nere. I'll be glad to hear from anyone I know* who cares to write. Love to all. Homer 62nd Inf., Co. L.