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LEAKE RUSSIt 10
PERCE CONGRESS ALLIED ' POWERS HAVE NO DE SIRE TO INTERFERE WITH RU88 INTERNAL AFFAIR8. Bolshevik! Army Consists of Half Million Men Forced to Join Be cause of Fear of Starvation and a Few Former Prisoners. Washington. — Officials of the American government have expressed the belief thut Stephen Pleholi, the French foreign minister, was voicing his own opinion and not the policy of the French government when he said there would. be no Immediate inter vention in ltussln by the allied govern ments. The Russian situation has been the subject of earnest discussion by the representatives at Paris of the associ ated nations, but so far as is known here none of the governments has put forward any definite plans. The un derstanding here is thut the whole subject will be left to the peace con ference. It was reiterated Friday thut the allied powers have no desire to Inter fere with the Internal affairs of Rus sia und that If any aggressive action Is determined upon the object will tie solely to cure a menace to the peace of the world. Additional reports of the chaotic conditions in Bolshevik-controlled European Russia have reached the stute department. One account suld the loyal mlUtln of Ksthonlu and Livonia, poorly equipped und with little or no training, was In no condition to withstand the attacks of the Bolshevik!. Some of the Bol shevik forces In this section were snid to be well supplied with machine guns, tanks und annored cars. Riga, Reval and Llmbuch were re ported as crowded with refugees from the surrounding country, and officials if the British naval forces In ilie Bal tic have suggested that the aged, the children and the sick be moved to the island of Oesel in the Gulf of Riga, where, It Is suld, 100,000 refugees could be cared for. Advices reaching the state depart ment Friday from Bucharest said the main force of the Bolshevik army In Russia consisted of 500,000 Russian soldiers, forced to Join the Bolshevlki because of fear of starvation; former Austro-Hungarian prisoners of war, 50,000 men from the Balkan provinces and 40,000 Chinese workmen. PRESIDENT AT 8TATE BANQUET Representative Men Summoned to Meet Head of American Government. London.—President Wilson was the honor guest ut u state banquet In Buckingham palace Friday night which was notable not only as a spec tacle such as probably no other court In Europe can provide the setting for, now that the thrones of Russia, Ger many and Austria have disappeared but from the representative character of the men summoned to meet the heud of the American government. Besides the members of the royal family, the official world was repre Heated by the foreign ambassadors to the court of St. James, the heads of the government, present and past chiefs of die army und navy, colonial officials and members of the royal household. There also were presen» dignitaries of the Church of England representatives of universities and men high in the worlds of literature art and Journalism. WILSON IS SIXTY-TWO. President of Celebrates Anniversary London. Washington.—Woodrow \\ llson, tirst citizen of America, was Oil years age on December 28. He was born In a little parsonag In Staunton, Va., on December 28, 1850. He breakfasted amid the splen dors of the most gorgeous suite Buckingham palace. During the da he was tendered a reception by the lord mayor of London In the historic Guildhall, and later discussed pent terms for the world with leading Brit ish statesmen. Thousands of Men Return Home Washington. — Sixty-eight thousand American soldiers had been returned from overseas December 21. and slightly more than 500000 In thi country had been mustered out of set vice, It was announced on Friday. Trouble in Abyssinia. Washington.—A report from Cairo received at the state department say trouble has arisen in Abyssinia. It ' reported that the Abyssinian govern ment Is sending troops to aid the Christians against the Moslems. Wealthy Prisoner 8uicides. San Francisco.—Louis Helblng. aged wealthy property owner, tenced recently to an Indeterminate term of from one to iifteen yfears, for arson, hanged himself to death in the council jail here Friday. Princess Pat to Wed. London.—The court circular makes the following statement: "The king has gladly consented to the betrothnl of Princess Patricia of Connaught to Commander Alexander Ramsey, broth er of the Earl of Dallinusle." of In PRESIDENT HAS BRILLIANT RE CEPTION WHEN HE ARRIVES AT LONDON. The Official Ceremonials Colored With Touches of Medieval Pageantry, | Two Million People Crowd- j ing Streets far Procession. s to of of 28, the and thi set ' the for the makes king to broth 8Y ENGLISH PEOPLE! London.—The great moment of President Wilson's first day in Eng land was when he stood with the king and queen und Mrs. Wilson in the balcony of Buckingham palace on Thursday, December 26, facing u mul titude which stretched down the Mall the admiralty, half u mile distunt, and overflowed St. Jumes' park on one side and Green park on the other. Only u corporal's guard could hear the president's brief speech, but the people, who had demanded that he show himself, gave hint a greeting more clamorous than uuy other guest of the nation has commanded within the memory of the oldest Londoners. The day's events constitute a trib ute to the president und the United States which will be historic. The of ficial ceremonials—u reception by the Dover corporation uud the navy ; the welcome ut the stutlon by the royal family and the chief officials of the empire, and the stute progress through the heart of London—were colored with touches of medieval pag eantry, even to the crimson-coated beef-eaters from the Tower, bearing halberds, which the British people cherisl). That the central figure of the royal procession In quaint stnte carriages, attended by a military escort and household officials, should be a civil ian wearing a black coat and silk hat gave a flavor of novelty to the scene But the assembling of the people was spontaneous. Thut was the chief note of the day. There had been no time to erect stands, and windows were not advertised for rent. The people simply flocked In from all quarters afoot, In motors and other vehicles, carrying flags and their lunches, and standing for hours in the cold for a chunce to get a sight of the president. It was a gathering principally of the plain people; the others were In the country for the holiday. It was a diverse and picturesque throng such as few capitals can muster, with a large element of soldiers, among whom the colonials and Americans seemed conspicuous and popular, a detach ment of wounded from the hospitals, attended by nurses, getting a lurge share of the cheers. It is estimated that 2,000,000 people crowded the two miles of streets through which the state procession passed. These were canopied with flags and bunting and, amid the thun dering of the saluting cannon, the President of the United States receiv ing a popular welcome almost unpre cedented In history. Eleven Troop Ships on Way. Washington.*— Departure from France of eleven transports. Including the Mauretania with more than 3000 men from the Three Hundred Forty seventh Infantry of the Eighty-seventh division, was announced Thursdny. FRIEDRICH EBERT In to of Friedrich Ebert, chanoeltor of th«j new socialist 'government in Germany^ though ho hao not boon a conspicuous figure In publlo affaire, has long been one of the meet highly esteemed mem bers of his party. He Is a native of Heidelberg. Colorado Pootofflco Robbed. Greeley, Colo.—War savings stamps to the value of $36,000, and some cash, uinount unknown, were stolen from the safe in the Greeley pastofftce some time between 6 and 10 o'clock Thurs day evening. Sailors on Leave Are Robbed. New York.—Thirty-five sailors on leave from warships In harbor here were robbed of all their money at re sorts to which they were enticed on Christmas night, according to com plaints received Thursday. Œ | j s Soft Weather ii| [iiiiH"Wi-iuiim 90100 ifllMR WELL HAVE i/myMoa mil IfHK WINTER? PM'T loot ufcfe rrr»w ; CrtR'STMASN ' [O t ill Ut, a ALLIES ARE AGREED UPON PEACE PACT PRESIDENT DECLARES ALL NATIONS CONCERNED HAVE ACCEPTED CONDITIONS. Chief Executive Praise« Soldiers for Faithful Performance of Duty and Predicts Satisfactory Settle ment of Problems. Chaumont. —In an address to the Americuu soldiers on Christmas day, President Wilson said thut he did not lind in the heurts of the greut leaders with whom he was co-operuting any differences of principle or of funda mental purpose. Immediately after a reception at the Hotel De Ville, President Wilson, with General Pershing und party, motored to Humes, where the president re viewed a detachment of the First army of the American expeditionary forces. President Wilson received a most cordial welcome from the people of Chaumont, a town which has been closely associated with the history of the American expeditionary forces in France and is now the headquarters of the commander-in-chief. It is the town from which America's part in t-nlshlng the war wus directed. Iu the course of his address, during which he praised the American sol diers for having performed their duties with glory to themselves and credit to their country, the president spoke of his hopes for permanent peace, and declared : "It happened that It was the privi lege of America to present the chart for peace, and now the process of set tlement hus been rendered compara tively simple by the fact that all the nations concerned have accepted that charge and the application of the principles laid down there will be their pplicatlon. The world will now know that the nations that fought this war, us well as the soldiers who represent ed them, are reudy to make good, muke good not only in the assertion of their own Interests, but muke good Ip the establishment of peace upon the permanent foundation of right and of Justice. Becuuse this is not n war In which the soldiers of the free nations have obeyed musters. You have command ers, but you have no masters. Your very communders represent you in representing the nation of which you constitute so distinguished a part. •And everybody concerned In the set tlement knows that It must be a peo ple's peace nnd that nothing must be doue In the settlement of the issues of the war, which is not as handsome as the great achievements of the armies of the United States and the allies." the war four the year, the of fore now a the the of an WILL KEEP OUT OF RUSSIA Allied Governments Oppose Further Intervention in That Section. Paris.—The allied governments have decided against further Intervention in ltussln, ut least for the present, ac cording to indications from official circles. Greut Britain and the United States, it is represented, while recog nizing that Russia should be assisted in a wuy to permit her to return to normal conditions, point out that mili tary intervention on a large scale would Involve difficulties and danger of all kinds. * th«j been mem of cash, the some on here re on com Lawlessness in Russia. Warsaw.—The flocks of released Russian prisoners who nre making their way homewnrd through Poland, ull of whom appear to be tuLnted with Bolshevism and are recognized as a danger in this respect by the Polish authorities ure In fact alreudy caus ing much trouble by their lawlessness In their search for food. Five Killed in Train Wreck. Chlckusha, Okla.—Five persons lost their lives and twenty-seven were In jured, ten of them seriously, when a St. Louis & San Francisco freight train crashed into a passenger train at Norge, Okla. Motorman Loaoa Life. Ogden, Utah.—Motorman C. V. But ters was Instantly killed when the North Ogden ear which he was driv lag crashed Into a Twenty-first street car on an open switch. Six of the nussefleci-s were Injured WAR TAX MEASURE PASSER BY SENATE WILL RAISE SIX BILLION DOL LARS IN 1919 AND FOUR BILLION IN 1920. in be Revenue Measure Which Has Been Before the Senate Since December 12 Now Goes to Conference, Planned to Begin January 2. Washington.—Without a record vote, the senate on December 23 passed the war revenue bill, reduced to raise about six billion dollnrs in 1919 and four billion in 1920, as compared with sl the levy of $8,200,000,000 for nextl at it to for next year, proposed in the bill passed by the house three months ago. When the final vote wus taken at 10:40 o'clock the senate had been in continuous session for nearly thirteen hours. Immediately nfter the passage of the bill the senate began its holiday vacation under the plan for three-day recesses until January 2. Absence of a quorum In the house, however, had prevented that body from putting a similar program into effect. The revenue bill, which had been be fore the senate since December 12, now goes to conference with forinul meetings of the senate and house man agers, planned to begin January 2 with a view to final enactment of the legis lation next month. In disposing finally of controverted sections, the senate rejected, 55 to 6, the substitute bill of Senator La Fol lette of Wisconsin which proposed higher rates principally on war-excess profits and individual Income sur taxes. Another vote on the second-class postage question also was taken and the senate sustained, 41 to 22, its pre vious action in favor of the amend ment, which will repeal the existing zone rates of publications and substi tute a rate of 1 cent a pound within 150 miles and 1% cents a pound be yond. A change made In the automobile tax section, provided for exemption of trucks, tractors and trailers, reducing the bill's estimated revenue yield by about $30,000,000, but the reinsertion of the luxury tax clause will result In an estimated yield of $80,000,000. HENRY WHITE in to all a lost In a train at But the driv street the 1 V/ Henry White, former American am bassador. to France, io the Republican member of the American délégation at the paaoa conference. Cut Tongue instead of Tonsils. St. Louis, Mo.—Robert D. Hague, 9 years old, son of Albert Hague, was given a verdict for $2t)00 against Dr. Jesse M. Threadglll, for the loss of a piece of his tongue during an oper ation for the removal of his tonsils. Man 81ain on Train. Tucson, Arlz— The man killed on n Isis Angeles train nearing Tucson Wednesday, n'ter he had shot and se riously wounded Conductor John Sea mons. was Identified Thursday ns Bass Junes of Visalia, Cal. SINKING OF SNIPS SECRETARY DANIELS DECLARES HE KNOWS NOTHING OF PROPO SAL TO DESTROY HUN NAVY. First Suggestion of Plan Comes from London as one Possible Way of Settling a Very Vexing Problem. sl °" ne nu ' e reu * u " " position of the surrendered craft Washington.—I'ress dispatches from Parts saying that the American peace delegates, with British support, will urge the sinking of the surrendered German warships as the solution of their disposition, led to Initiation of steps In the senate on Thursday to obtain an official statement of the facts and to wide discussion lu nn\ul circles. At the state and navy depart ments no information was available. Secretary Daniels repeating his pre vious statement that lie had never heard the suggestion officially, while at the state department it was said that so far as known there no such project was Included in the Amerlcun peace program. The first published suggestion that the ships be sunk rame frqiu London several days ago, hut even before that it was learned, this has occurred to some naval authorities here as one pos sible wny of settling a vexing problem. Admiral Benson, chief of naval oper ations, and designated as naval adviser to the American peace delegation, has been in Europe some time. His views, worked out with Vice Admiral Sims and officials of the British admiralty and the French ministry of marine, will have great weight with the Amer ican delegates on naval questions aris ing at the conference, but there is nothing here to indicate what conclu sion he may have reached on the dls of by In There were many Indications that a proposal to sipk the ships would meet strong opposition In congress. JUST LEARNS WAR IS OVER. to Skipper Kept Constant Watch for Sub marines That Failed to Appear. Boston.—When Captain Walcott, the British skipper of the Norwegian hark Skansen I, 141 days out of Sydney, N. S. W., with a valuable cargo of wool, greeted the pilot that boarded him, off Boston Light Tuesday, the first ques tion he asked was for the latest news of the German submarines. A constant watch for German raiders had been kept throughout the voyage. News that the armistice had been signed and that the greater part of the German underwuter fleet had been surrendered, set the crew wild with joy and preparations were at once made for a merry Christmas celebra tion. FRENCH LOSSES OVER MILLION. Fearful Toll as Result of War Waged by Huns. Paris.—Announcement was made in the chamber of deputies Thursday by M. Abraz, under-secretary of state, that France's losses In officers and men killed up to November 1 of the pr sent year aggregated 1,071.300, divided follows : Officers, 31,300, nnd men, 1,040,000. The number of dead prisoners nud men missing was given as 42,600 offi cers, and 1,789,000 men. The men missing aggregate 3000 of ficers and 311,000 men. The prisoners still living total 8300 officers and 438,000 men. Montanan Killed in Street Fight. Livingston, Mont.— O. M. Harvey, Republican state chairman and one of the most prominent attorneys in Mon tana, died Monday night from u frac tured skull sustained in a fall to the sidewalk during u fist fight on the streets here half an hour earlier, with Postmaster J. Swlndlehurst. Swindle hurst gave himself up to the sheriff, and is In the county jail. am at Yanks Set Up Christmas Tree. Coblenz.—This city saw its first il luminated Christmas tree Tuesday night. It was set up In the plaza along the Rhine directly in front of head quarters of the Third army. The tree, which was 40 feet high, was decorated with red, .white and blue ribbons and was trimmed by army nurses. It was pluced in position by members of the Thirty-seventh engineers. German Troops Evacuate Reval. Amsterdam.— Reval, the capital of Esthonln, situated on the Gulf of Fin land, has been evacuated by the Ger mans, according to a telegram from Berlin. German troops are reported to have been engaged In fighting Bolshe vik forces. Near Zhitomir, eighty miles southwest of Kiev, the capital of the Ukraine, the Germans captured fifteen guns from the Bolshevlki. 9 was Dr. a oper n se Sea Bass Mineral Production Increased. Washington.—Under the spur of war, mineral production In the United States reached the unprecedented value of $5,010,948,000 In 1917, exceed ing by 43 per cent the previous record made in 1910. Voice Schwab for President Chicago—Choice of Charles M Schwab for next president of the United States wus voiced at n ban quet given by the Chicago Machinery club to 750 plant superintendents and other representatives of 7.">0 commis 1L is a MILITIA FORCES OF STATES TO BECOME CITIZENS WHEN DIS CHARGED FROM SERVICE. Secretary Baker Declares if Congress Determines to Continue National Guard, Service Will Have to Be Reconstructed From Ground Up. Washington.—If congress determines to continue the national guard as the army reserve of the nation, Secretary Baker suld Wednesday, the guard ser vice will have to be reconstructed from the ground up. Federalization of u le guard for war service, the war depart ment 1ms held on the opinion of lirK Gen. Samuel T. Ancell, acting judge udvocute general, will wipe out of ex lstence the federalized regiments. When the men ure discharged they will return to civilian life without tiny obligation either to the federal or stute governments to continue in na tional guard service. Mr. Baker expressed a belief that the problem of the national guard is bound up closely with the question of what congress may do luter iu fram ing legislation to establish a perma nent military policy. Should some system of universal military training he worked out, army officers said, it probable that the national guard would cease to exist. The war depart ment 1ms not us yet made any recom mendations on the subject. There are many national guard units organized since the war by the vari ous states which ure not affected by the war department's ruling. In some cuses federal recognition lms been ob tained, bringing the units under the federalization sections of the act of 1916. The grent mass of the guard, how ever, wus merged Into the temporary forces of the army of the United States for the wur, thereby completely losing Its Identity. N. of in by nud offi of and GREAT FLEET ON HUDSON. Warships Home From War Ride at Anchor in Harbor. New York.—Biding at anchor in the Hudson Thursday night were twenty one superdreadnoughts, dreadnoughts und ships of the line, which, with cruisers, destroyers and a host of smaller craft, made tin* mightiest American nrinudn ever assembled. Tea of the floating fortresses steamed into the harbor Thursday, after eighteen months of service overseas with Beatty's grand fleet. The others are the flower of the North Atlantic fleet. Grim guardians of a great nation, they symbolized that the United States has become the second naval power of the world. Tlte ships were reviewed by Secre tary Daniels and oilier officials, mil lions of citizens haviitg waited hours in a snowstorm to welcome the re turning fleet. of Mon frac the the with il along head tree, and was the of Fin Ger from to eighty of WALTER HINES PAGE DIES. Former Ambassadpr to Great Britain Answers Summons. Pineliurst, N. C.—Walter Ilines Page, former ambassador to Great Britain, died here December 21, nfter an illness of many weeks. Dr. Page's health be gan to fail nearly a year ago, and he gave up Ills post as American repre sentative at the court of St. J« iues late in the summer. Walter Hines Page was editor of the magazine, The World's Work, and a member of the publishing firm o* Doubleday, Page A Co., of Garden ( d>. L. I„ when in March, 1913. President Wilson appointed him American am bassador to Great Britain. Sounds Like a Movie Plot. Los Angeles.—Burglars attempted to open the safe of the Western Mechan ical company here. Failing to dis lodge the safe door after burning o the hinges, they broke Into the cm pany's garage, took out a truck, hoist the safe through a skylight with t e company's tackle, hauled it to a can yon nnd rifled It of $1->0 ;l ''ttsli •'" Liberty bonds, ufter blowing off t * doors. Ebert Rule Tottering. London.—The Alexander and Trac er regiments have openly Joined t* revolting sailors In Berlin and it predicted in udvlees sent trout l* er late Christinas night that nearly entire Berlin garrison will them, leaving the government wdhoa troops. Wilson Opposes Sinking Hun Ship« Washington. — It may be mat authoritatively that President ' • will oppose lu the most direct of United exceed record proposals from any source to sink til* M the ban and warships surrendered by Germany H ** der the terms of the armistice. Argentina Recalls Mexican Minister Mexico City.—The Argentine govern ment hns recalled Its minister to Me lea. Manuel E. Malbrnn. It was ** nonneed Thursday that the 111 ll _ would leave here not later than l* 4 '» 1 her 21. Foeh and Wilson Meet. Tarls.—President Wilson and • t-hnl Foch conferred for half a" ''' Tuesday night. The subjects >1» ^ discussion were mainly in referett" flu» armistice between the alii Germany. CIlJ"