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LEAVE RUSSIA TO
PEACE CONGRESS ALLIED POWERS HAVE NO DE SIRE TO INTERFERE WITH RU8S INTERNAL AFFAIRS. Bolshevlki Army Consist* of Half Million Men Forced to. Join Be cause of Fear of Starvation and a Few Former Prisoners. Washington. — Officiais of the American government huve expressed the belief that 'Stephen Plchon, Hie French foreign minister, was voicing his own opinion and not the policy of the French government when he said there would be no Immediate inter vention in Russia by the allied govern ments. The Russian situation has been the subject of earnest discussion by the representatives at Paris of the associ ated nations, but so far ns is known here none of the governments has put forward any definite plans. The un derstanding here is that the whole subject will be left to the peace con ference. It was reiterated Friday that the allied powers have no desire to inter fere with the Internui affairs of Rus sia und that if any uggresslve action is determined upon the object will be solely to cure u menuce to the pence of the world. Additional reports of the chaotic conditions in Bolshevik-controlled European Russia have reached the state department. One account suld the loyal militln of Esthonla und Livonia, poorly equipped und with little or no training, wus in no condition to withstand the attacks of the Bolshevlki. Some of the Bol shevik forces in this section were said to be well supplied with machine guns, tanks and urmored cars. Riga, Reval and Llmbach were re ported as crowded with refugees from the surrounding country, and officials >f. thfc British naval forces in the Bul tlc have suggested that the aged, the children and the sick be moved to the island of Oesel in the Gulf of Riga, where, it is said, 100,000 refugees Vould be cared for. Advices reaching the state depart ment Friday from Bucharest said the main force of the Bolshevik army in Russia consisted of 500,000 Russian soldiers, forced to Join the Bolshevlki because of fear of starvation ; former Austro-Hungarian prisoners . of war, 50,000 men from the Bulkun provinces and 40,000 Chinese workmen. PRESIDENT AT 8TATE BANQUET Representative Men Summoned to Meet Head of American Government. London.—President Wilson was the honor guest at a state banquet in Buckingham palace Friday night, which was notable not only as a spec tacle such as probably no other court in Europe can provide the setting for, now that the thrones of Russiu, Ger many and Austria have disappeared, but from the representative character of the men summoned to meet the head of the American government. Besides the members of the royui family, the official world was repre sented by the foreign ambassadors to the court of St. Juraes, the heuds of the government, present and past chiefs of die army and navy, colonial officials and members of the royal household. There also were present dignitaries of the Church of England, representatives of universities and men high in the worlds of literature, art and Journalism. WIL80N 18 SIXTY-TWO. , President Celebrates Anniversary In London. Washington.—Woodrow Wilson, first citizen of Ainerlea, was 62 years of age on December 28. He was born in a little parsonage in Staunton, Va., on December 28, 1856. He breakfasted amid the splen dors of the most gorgeous suite in Buckingham palace. During the day he was tendered a reception by the lord mayor of London in the historic Gulldhull, and later dismissed peace terms for the world with leading Brit ish statesmen. Thousands of Men Return Home. Washington. — Sixty-eight thousand American soldiers had been returned from oversens December 21, and slightly more than 500(XX) 'in this country had been mustered out of ser vice, it was announced on Friday. Trouble in Abyssinia. Washington.—A report from Cairo received at the state department says trouble has arisen in Abyssinia. It Is reported that the Abyssinian govern ment Is sending troops to uid the Christians against the Moslems. Wealthy Prisoner 8uieldes. San Francisco.—Louis Helblng, an aged wealthy property owner, sen tenced recently to an indeterminate term of from one to fifteen years, for arson, hanged himself to death in the council jail here Friday. Princess Pat to Wed. London.—The court circular makes the following statement: "The king has gladly consented to the betrothal of Princess Patricia of Connnught to Commander Alexander Ramsey, broth er of the Earl of Dalhousie." BT ENGLISH PEOPLE PRESIDENT HAS BRILLIANT RE CEPTION-WHEN HE ARRIVES AT LONDON. The Official Ceremonials Colored With Touches of Medieval Pageantry, Two Million People Crowd ing Streets for Procession. London.—The great moment of President Wilson's first day in Eng land was when he stood with the king and queen and Mrs. Wilson in tlm balcony of Buckingham palace on Thursday, December 26, facing a mul titude which stretched down the Mall to the admiralty, half a mile distant, and overflowed St. James' park on one side and Green park on the other. Only a corporal's guard could hear the president's brief speech, but the people, who hud demanded thut he show himself, gave him a greeting more clamorous than any other guest of the nation has commanded within the memory of the oldest Londoners. The day's events constitute a trib ute to the president and the United States which will be historic. The of ficial ceremonials—u reception by the Dover corporation and the navy ; the welcome at the stutlon by the royal family and the chief officials of the empire, and the stute progress through the heart of London—were colored with touches of medieval pag eantry, even to the crimson-coated beef-eaters from the Tower, bearing halberds, which ' the British people cherish. That the central figure of the royal procession in quaint state carriages, attended by a military escort and household officials, should be a civil ian wearing a black coat and silk hat gave a flavor of novelty to the scene. But the assembling of the people was spontaneous. That was the chief note of the day. There had been no time to erect stands, and windows were not advertised for rent. The people simply flocked in from all quarters afoot, in motors and other vehicles, carrying flags and their lunches, and standing for hours in the cold for a chance to get a sight of the president. , It was a gathering principally of the plain people; the others were in the country for the holiday. It was a diverse and picturesque throng such as few capitals can muster, with a large element of soldiers, among whom the colonials and Americans seemed conspicuous and popular, a detach ment of wounded from the hospitals, attended by nurses, getting a large share of the cheers. It is estimated that 2,000,000 people crowded the two miles of streets through which the state procession passed. These were canopied with flags and bunting aqd, amid the thun dering of the saluting cunnon, the President of the United States receiv ing a popular welcome almost unpre cedented in history. Eleven Treop Ships on Way. Washington. — Departure from France of eleven transports, including the Mauretania with more than 3000 men from the Three Hundred Forty seventh Infantry of the Eighty-seventh division, was announced Thursday. FRIEDRICH EBERT Friedrich Ebert, chancellor of the new socialist government In Germany^ though he haa not been a conspicuous figure In public affairs, has long been! one of the moat highly esteemed mem ber* of hie party. He le a native of Heidelberg. Colorado Poetoffloe Robbed. Greeley, Colo.—War savings stamps to the value of $36,000, and some cash, nmount unknown, were stolen from the safe in the Greeley pisstoffice some time between 6 and 10 o'clock Thurs day evening. Sailors on Leave Are Robbed. New York.—Thirty-five sailors on leave from warships In harbor here were robbed of all their money at re sorts to which they were enticed on Christmas night, according to com plaints received Thursday. Soft Weather iWMJimuurt] (G0U.V IT. POWO WELL HWE mimt siwh I m wwre«? m'1 uit irr»W 1 .<4 !|É- PREsem? I ! !•!% *//.,*%* % h. A'' ALUES ARE AGREED UPON PEACE PACT PRESIDENT DECLARES ALL NATIONS CONCERNED HAVE ACCEPTED CONDITIONS. Chief Executive Praises Soldiers for Faithful Performance of Duty and Predicts Satisfactory Settle ment of Problems. Chaupiont.—In an address to the American soldiers on Christinas day. President Wilson said that he did not find in the hearts of the great leaders with whom he was co-operating any differences of principle or of funda mental purpose. Immediately after a reception at the Hotel De Ville, President Wilson, with General Pershing and party, motored to Humes, where the president re viewed a detachment of the First army of the American expeditionary forces. President Wilson received a most cordial welcome from the people of Chaumont, a town which has been closely associated with the history of the American expeditionary forces in France and is now the headquarters of the commander-in-chief. It is the town from which America's part in L-ishing the war was directed. In the course of ills address, during which he praised the American sol diers for having performed their duties with glory to themselves and credit to their country, the president spoke of his hopes for permanent peace, and declared : "It happened that it was the privi lege of America to present the chart for peace, and now the process of set tlement has been rendered compara tively simple by the fact that all the nations concerned have accepted that charge and the application of the principles laid down there will be their application. The world will now know that the nations thut fought this wur, us well as the soldiers \Vho represent ed them, are reudy to make good, make good not only in the assertion of their own Interests, but make good ip the establishment of pence upon the permanent foundation of right and of j'jztice. "Because this is not q war in which the soldiers of the free nations have obeyed masters. You have command ers, but you have no musters. Your very commanders represent you in representing the nutlon of which you constitute so distinguished a part. "And everybody concerned in the set tlement knows that it must be a peo ple's peace and that nothing must be done in the settlement of the issues of the war, which is not as handsome as the great achievements of the armies of the Ünlted States and the allies." WILL KEEP OUT OF RUSSIA Allied Governments Oppose Further Intervention In That Section. Paris.—The allied governments have decided against further Intervention in Russia, at least for the present, ac cording to indications from official circles. Great Britain and the United States, it is represented, while recog nizing that Russia should be assisted in a way to permit her to return to normal conditions, point out thut mili tary intervention on a large scale would involve difficulties and danger of all kinds. Lawlessness In Russia. Warsaw.—The flocks of released Russian prisoners who are making their way homeward through Poland, all of whom appear to be tainted with Bolshevism and are recognized as a danger in this respect by the Polish authorities are in fact already caus ing much trouble by their lawlessness In their search for food. Fivs Killed In Train Wreck. Chlckasha, Okla.—Five persons lost their lives and twenty-seven were in jured, ten of them seriously, when a St Louis A San Francisco freight train crashed into a passenger train at Norge, Okla. Motorman Loses Life. Ogden, Utah.—Motorman C. V. But ters was Instantly killed when the North Ogden car which he was driv ing crashed into a Twenty-first street car on an open switch. Six of the vir.sseTv.-ers were injured WAG TAX MEASURE PASSED BY SENATE WILL RAISE SIX BILLION DOL LARS IN 1919 AND FOUR BILLION IN 1920. Revenue Measure Which Has Been Before the Senate Since December 12 Now Goes to Conference, Planned to Begin January 2. Washington.—Without a record vote, the senate on December 23 passed the wur revenue bill, reduced to raise about six billion dollurs In 1919 and four billion in 1920, us compared with the levy of $8,200,000,000 for next year, proposed in the bill passed by the house three months ago. When the flnnl vote was taken at 10:40 o'clock the senate had been in continuous session for nearly thirteen hours. Immediately ufter the passage of the bill the senate begun its holiday vacation under the plan for three-day recesses until January 2. Absence of a quorum in the house, however, had prevented that body from putting u similar program into effect. The revenue bill, which had been be fore the senate since December 12, now goes to conference with formal meetings of the senate and house man agers, planned to begin January 2 with a view to flnnl enactment of the legis lation next month. In disposing finally of controverted sections, the senate rejected, 55 to 6, the substitute bill of Senator La Fol lette of Wisconsin which proposed higher rates principally on war-excess profits and Individual income sur taxes. Another vote on the second-class postage question also was taken and the senate sustained, 41 to 22, its pre vious action in favor of the amend ment, which will repeal the existing zone rates of publications and substi tute a rate of 1 cent a pound within 150 miles and 1% cents a pound be yond. A change made in the automobile tax section, provided for exemption of trucks, tractors and trailers, reducing the bill's estimated revenue yield by abcut $30,000,000, but the reinsertion of the luxury tax clause will result in an estimated yield of $80,000,000. HENRY WHITE lift* »/ f/ Henry White, fermer Americ bassador to France, is the Ref member of the American delegi the peace conference. Cut Tongue Instead of Tot St. Louis,,Mo.—Robert D. K years old, son of Albert Hag given a verdict for $2000 aga Jesse M. Threadglll, for the 1< piece of his tongue during a atlon for the removal of his toi Man Slain on Train. Tucson, Ariz,—The man kill Los Angeles train nenring Wednesday, a'ter he had shot r'.ously wounded Conductor J< mons, was Identified Thursday ■Tones of Visalia. Cal. SINKING OF SHIPS NOT ON PROGRAM SECRETARY DANIELS DECLARES HE KNOWS NOTHING OF PROPO SAL TO DESTROY HUN NAVY. First Suggestion of Plan Comes fron - London as one Possible Way of Settling a Very Vexing Problem. Washington.—Press dispatches from Paris saying that the American petite delegates, with British support, will urge the sinking of the surrendered German warships us the solution of their disposition, led to initiation of steps in the senate on Thursday to obtain an official statement of the fucts and to wide discussion In naval circles. At the state and navy depart ments no information was available, Secretary Daniels repeating his pre vious statement that he had never heurd the suggestion officially, while at the state department It was said that so far ns known there no such project was Included in the Amerleun peace program. The first published suggestion that the ships be sunk came from London several days ago, hut even before that It was learned, this has occurred to some naval authorities here as one pos sible way of settling a vexing problem. Admiral Benson, chief of naval oper ations, and designated as naval adviser to the American peace delegation, lias been in Europe some time. His views, worked out with Vice Admiral Sims and officials of the British admiralty and the French ministry of marine, will have great weight with the Amer ican delegates on naval questions aris ing at the conference, but there is nothing here to indicate what conclu sion he may have reached on the dis position of the surrendered craft. There were mnuy indications that n proposal to sink the ships would meet strong opposition In congress. JUST LEARNS WAR IS OVER. Skipper Kept Constant Watch for Sub marines That Failed to Appear. Boston.—When Captain Walcott, the British skipper of the Norwegian bark Skansen I, 141 days out of Sydney, N. S. W., with n valuable cargo of wool, greeted the pilot that boarded him, off Bostou Light Tuesday, the first ques tion he asked was for the latest news of the German submarines. A constant watch for German raiders had been kept throughout the voyage. News that the armistice had been signed and that the greater part of the German underwater fleet had been surrendered, set the crew wild with joy and preparations were at once made for a merry Christmas celebra tion. FRENCH LOSSES OVER MILLION. Fearful Toll as Result of War Waged by Huns. Paris.—Announcement was made in the chamber of deputies Thursday by M. Abraz, under-secretary of state, that France's losses in officers and men killed up to November 1 of the pri sent year aggregated 1,071,300, divided as follows: Officers, 31,300, and men, 1,040,000. The number of dead prisoners aud men missing was given as 42,000 offi cers, and 1,789,000 men. The men missing aggregate 3000 of ficers and 311,000 men. The prisoners still living total 8300 officers and 438,000 men. Montanan Killed in Street Fight. Livingston, Mont.— O. M. Harvey, Republican state chairman and one of the most prominent attorneys in Mon tana, died Monday night from a frac tured skull sustained in a full to the sidewalk during a fist fight on the streets here half an hour-earlier, with Postmaster J. Swindlehufst. Swindle hurst gave himself up to (lie sheriff, and Is in the county jail. Yanks Set Up Christmas Tree. Coblenz.—This city saw it» first Il luminated Christmas tree Tuesdny night. It was set up In the plaza along the Rhine directly in front of head quarters of the Third army. The tree, which was 40 feet high, was decorated with red, white and blue ribbons and wus trimmed by army nurses. It was placed In position by members of the Thirty-seventh engineers. German Troops Evacuate Reval. Amsterdam.—ltevul, the capital of Ksthonlu, situated on the Gulf of Fin land, has been evacuated by the Ger mans, according to n telegram from Berlin. German troops are reported to have been engaged In fighting Bolshe vik forces. Near Zhitomir, eighty miles southwest of Kiev, the capital of the Ukraine, the # Germans cuptured fifteen guns from the Bolshevlki. Mineral Production Increased. Washington.—Under the spur of war, mineral production In the United States reached the unprecedented value of $5,010,948,000 in 1017, exceed ing by 43 per cent the previous record made in 1916. Voice 8chwab for PreeidenL Chicago.—Choice of Charles M. Schwab for next president of the United States was voiced nt a ban quet given by the Chicago Machinery club to 750 plant superintendents anil other representatives of 750 concerns STATUS OF NATIONAL 6UARUSMEN LOST MILITIA FORCES OF STATES TO BECOME CITIZENS WHEN DIS CHARGED FROM SERVICE Secretary Baker Declares If Congress Determines to Continue National Guard, Service Will Have to Be Reconstructed From Ground Up. Washington.—If congress determines (o continue the national guard ns u, e army reserve of (he nation, Secretary Baker said Wednesday, the guard ser vice will have to be reconstructed from the ground up. Federalization of the guard for war service, the wur depart ment 1ms held on the opinion of ij r i g Gen. Su mu el T. Ancel 1, acting judge udvocate general, will wipe out of ilx istence the federalized regiments. When the tuen are discharged they will return to civilian life without any obligation either to tile federal or stute governments to continue in na tional guard service. Mr. Buker expressed a belief that the problem of the national guard j s bound up closely with the question of wliut congress may do later in fram ing legislation to establish a perma nent militury policy. Should some system of universal military training be worked out, army officers said, u is probable thut the national guard would cease to exist. The war depart ment hus uot ns yet made any recom mendations on the subject. There are many national guard units orguulzed since the war by the vari ous stutes which ure not affected by the wur department's ruling. In some cases federal recognition lias been ob tained, bringing the units under the federalizutioii sections of the act of 1,916. The great mass of the guard, how ever, wus merged into the temporary forces of the army of the United States for the war, thereby completely losing Its Identity. GREAT FLEET ON HUDSON. Warships Home From War Ride at Anchor in Harbor. New York.—Biding ut anchor in the Hudson Thursday night were twenty one superdreadnoughts, dreadnoughts nnd ships of the line, which, with cruisers, destroyers and a host of smaller cruft, made the mightiest American nrniada ever assembled. Tea of the floating fortresses steamed int« the harbor Thursday, after eighteen months of service overseas with Beatty's grand fleet. The others are the flower of the North Atlantic fleet Grim guardians of u great nation, they symbolized thut the United States has become the second naval power of the world. The ships wore reviewed by Secre tary Daniels nnd other officials, mil lions of citizens having waited hour» in u snowstorm to welcome the re turning fleet. WALTER HINES PAGE DIES. Former Ambassador to Great Britain Answers Summons. Pinehurst, N. C.—Walter lllnes Paye, former ambassador to Great Britain, died here December 21, after an lllnesi of ninny weeks. Dr. Page's health he gan to fail nearly a year ago, and he gave up his post ns American repre sentative at the court of St. Jainee late In the summer. Walter Hines I'nge was editor nf the magazine, The World's Work, nnd a member- of the publishing firm of Doubleday, Page b Co., of Garden City. L. I., when in March, 1913. President Wilson appointed him American a® - bassador to Great Britain. Sounds Like a Movie Plot. Los Angeles.— Burglars attempted te open the safe of the Western Mechan ical company here. Falling !» lodge the safe door after bunr.ng o" the hinges, they broke into the puny's garage, took out a truck, hoisted the safe through a skylight with the company's tackle, hauled it to il <,an ' yon and rifled it of 81509 cash Liberty bonds, after blowing »If doors. Ebert Rule Tottering. London.—The Alexander and Km» er regiments huve openly joined u* revolting sailors in Berlin and it predicted in advices sent from " e late Christinas night that nearly entire Berlin garrison will SU W*\ them, leuving the government "9 troops. Wilton Opposes Sinking Hun Shif» Washington. — It may he ** authoritatively that President » will oppose in the most direct fa* ^ proposals' from any source to sin " worships surrendered by Germany der the terms of the armistice. Argentina Recalls Mexican Ml"!*«* Mexico City.—The Argentine F*"? ment has recalled Its minister to lco, Manuel E. Malbran. R nounced Thursday that the "J" w-ould leave here not later than I e ber 21. F-ocb and Wilson Meet. Paris.—President Wilson aw slutl Foch conferred for half 11,1 ^ Tuesday night. The subject* ^ discussion were mainly In refe:"^ ^ the armistice between the Genmany.