LEAVE RUSSIA TO
ALLIED POWERS HAVE NO DE
SIRE TO INTERFERE WITH
RU8S INTERNAL AFFAIRS.
Bolshevlki Army Consist* of Half
Million Men Forced to. Join Be
cause of Fear of Starvation
and a Few Former Prisoners.
Washington. — Officiais of the
American government huve expressed
the belief that 'Stephen Plchon, Hie
French foreign minister, was voicing
his own opinion and not the policy of
the French government when he said
there would be no Immediate inter
vention in Russia by the allied govern
The Russian situation has been the
subject of earnest discussion by the
representatives at Paris of the associ
ated nations, but so far ns is known
here none of the governments has put
forward any definite plans. The un
derstanding here is that the whole
subject will be left to the peace con
It was reiterated Friday that the
allied powers have no desire to inter
fere with the Internui affairs of Rus
sia und that if any uggresslve action
is determined upon the object will be
solely to cure u menuce to the pence
of the world.
Additional reports of the chaotic
conditions in Bolshevik-controlled
European Russia have reached the
One account suld the loyal militln of
Esthonla und Livonia, poorly equipped
und with little or no training, wus in
no condition to withstand the attacks
of the Bolshevlki. Some of the Bol
shevik forces in this section were said
to be well supplied with machine
guns, tanks and urmored cars.
Riga, Reval and Llmbach were re
ported as crowded with refugees from
the surrounding country, and officials
>f. thfc British naval forces in the Bul
tlc have suggested that the aged, the
children and the sick be moved to the
island of Oesel in the Gulf of Riga,
where, it is said, 100,000 refugees Vould
be cared for.
Advices reaching the state depart
ment Friday from Bucharest said the
main force of the Bolshevik army in
Russia consisted of 500,000 Russian
soldiers, forced to Join the Bolshevlki
because of fear of starvation ; former
Austro-Hungarian prisoners . of war,
50,000 men from the Bulkun provinces
and 40,000 Chinese workmen.
PRESIDENT AT 8TATE BANQUET
Representative Men Summoned to
Meet Head of American Government.
London.—President Wilson was the
honor guest at a state banquet in
Buckingham palace Friday night,
which was notable not only as a spec
tacle such as probably no other court
in Europe can provide the setting for,
now that the thrones of Russiu, Ger
many and Austria have disappeared,
but from the representative character
of the men summoned to meet the head
of the American government.
Besides the members of the royui
family, the official world was repre
sented by the foreign ambassadors to
the court of St. Juraes, the heuds of
the government, present and past
chiefs of die army and navy, colonial
officials and members of the royal
household. There also were present
dignitaries of the Church of England,
representatives of universities and
men high in the worlds of literature,
art and Journalism.
WIL80N 18 SIXTY-TWO. ,
President Celebrates Anniversary In
Washington.—Woodrow Wilson, first
citizen of Ainerlea, was 62 years of
age on December 28.
He was born in a little parsonage
in Staunton, Va., on December 28,
1856. He breakfasted amid the splen
dors of the most gorgeous suite in
Buckingham palace. During the day
he was tendered a reception by the
lord mayor of London in the historic
Gulldhull, and later dismissed peace
terms for the world with leading Brit
Thousands of Men Return Home.
Washington. — Sixty-eight thousand
American soldiers had been returned
from oversens December 21, and
slightly more than 500(XX) 'in this
country had been mustered out of ser
vice, it was announced on Friday.
Trouble in Abyssinia.
Washington.—A report from Cairo
received at the state department says
trouble has arisen in Abyssinia. It Is
reported that the Abyssinian govern
ment Is sending troops to uid the
Christians against the Moslems.
Wealthy Prisoner 8uieldes.
San Francisco.—Louis Helblng, an
aged wealthy property owner, sen
tenced recently to an indeterminate
term of from one to fifteen years, for
arson, hanged himself to death in the
council jail here Friday.
Princess Pat to Wed.
London.—The court circular makes
the following statement: "The king
has gladly consented to the betrothal
of Princess Patricia of Connnught to
Commander Alexander Ramsey, broth
er of the Earl of Dalhousie."
BT ENGLISH PEOPLE
PRESIDENT HAS BRILLIANT RE
CEPTION-WHEN HE ARRIVES
The Official Ceremonials Colored With
Touches of Medieval Pageantry,
Two Million People Crowd
ing Streets for Procession.
London.—The great moment of
President Wilson's first day in Eng
land was when he stood with the king
and queen and Mrs. Wilson in tlm
balcony of Buckingham palace on
Thursday, December 26, facing a mul
titude which stretched down the Mall
to the admiralty, half a mile distant,
and overflowed St. James' park on one
side and Green park on the other.
Only a corporal's guard could hear
the president's brief speech, but the
people, who hud demanded thut he
show himself, gave him a greeting
more clamorous than any other guest
of the nation has commanded within
the memory of the oldest Londoners.
The day's events constitute a trib
ute to the president and the United
States which will be historic. The of
ficial ceremonials—u reception by the
Dover corporation and the navy ; the
welcome at the stutlon by the royal
family and the chief officials of the
empire, and the stute progress
through the heart of London—were
colored with touches of medieval pag
eantry, even to the crimson-coated
beef-eaters from the Tower, bearing
halberds, which ' the British people
That the central figure of the royal
procession in quaint state carriages,
attended by a military escort and
household officials, should be a civil
ian wearing a black coat and silk hat
gave a flavor of novelty to the scene.
But the assembling of the people
was spontaneous. That was the chief
note of the day. There had been no
time to erect stands, and windows
were not advertised for rent. The
people simply flocked in from all
quarters afoot, in motors and other
vehicles, carrying flags and their
lunches, and standing for hours in the
cold for a chance to get a sight of the
It was a gathering principally of
the plain people; the others were in
the country for the holiday. It was a
diverse and picturesque throng such
as few capitals can muster, with a
large element of soldiers, among whom
the colonials and Americans seemed
conspicuous and popular, a detach
ment of wounded from the hospitals,
attended by nurses, getting a large
share of the cheers.
It is estimated that 2,000,000 people
crowded the two miles of streets
through which the state procession
passed. These were canopied with
flags and bunting aqd, amid the thun
dering of the saluting cunnon, the
President of the United States receiv
ing a popular welcome almost unpre
cedented in history.
Eleven Treop Ships on Way.
Washington. — Departure from
France of eleven transports, including
the Mauretania with more than 3000
men from the Three Hundred Forty
seventh Infantry of the Eighty-seventh
division, was announced Thursday.
Friedrich Ebert, chancellor of the
new socialist government In Germany^
though he haa not been a conspicuous
figure In public affairs, has long been!
one of the moat highly esteemed mem
ber* of hie party. He le a native of
Colorado Poetoffloe Robbed.
Greeley, Colo.—War savings stamps
to the value of $36,000, and some cash,
nmount unknown, were stolen from the
safe in the Greeley pisstoffice some
time between 6 and 10 o'clock Thurs
Sailors on Leave Are Robbed.
New York.—Thirty-five sailors on
leave from warships In harbor here
were robbed of all their money at re
sorts to which they were enticed on
Christmas night, according to com
plaints received Thursday.
mimt siwh I
!|É- PREsem? I
ALUES ARE AGREED
UPON PEACE PACT
PRESIDENT DECLARES ALL
NATIONS CONCERNED HAVE
Chief Executive Praises Soldiers for
Faithful Performance of Duty and
Predicts Satisfactory Settle
ment of Problems.
Chaupiont.—In an address to the
American soldiers on Christinas day.
President Wilson said that he did not
find in the hearts of the great leaders
with whom he was co-operating any
differences of principle or of funda
Immediately after a reception at the
Hotel De Ville, President Wilson, with
General Pershing and party, motored
to Humes, where the president re
viewed a detachment of the First army
of the American expeditionary forces.
President Wilson received a most
cordial welcome from the people of
Chaumont, a town which has been
closely associated with the history of
the American expeditionary forces in
France and is now the headquarters of
the commander-in-chief. It is the
town from which America's part in
L-ishing the war was directed.
In the course of ills address, during
which he praised the American sol
diers for having performed their
duties with glory to themselves and
credit to their country, the president
spoke of his hopes for permanent
peace, and declared :
"It happened that it was the privi
lege of America to present the chart
for peace, and now the process of set
tlement has been rendered compara
tively simple by the fact that all the
nations concerned have accepted that
charge and the application of the
principles laid down there will be their
application. The world will now know
that the nations thut fought this wur,
us well as the soldiers \Vho represent
ed them, are reudy to make good,
make good not only in the assertion
of their own Interests, but make good
ip the establishment of pence upon the
permanent foundation of right and of
"Because this is not q war in which
the soldiers of the free nations have
obeyed masters. You have command
ers, but you have no musters. Your
very commanders represent you in
representing the nutlon of which you
constitute so distinguished a part.
"And everybody concerned in the set
tlement knows that it must be a peo
ple's peace and that nothing must be
done in the settlement of the issues
of the war, which is not as handsome
as the great achievements of the
armies of the Ünlted States and the
WILL KEEP OUT OF RUSSIA
Allied Governments Oppose Further
Intervention In That Section.
Paris.—The allied governments have
decided against further Intervention in
Russia, at least for the present, ac
cording to indications from official
circles. Great Britain and the United
States, it is represented, while recog
nizing that Russia should be assisted
in a way to permit her to return to
normal conditions, point out thut mili
tary intervention on a large scale would
involve difficulties and danger of all
Lawlessness In Russia.
Warsaw.—The flocks of released
Russian prisoners who are making
their way homeward through Poland,
all of whom appear to be tainted with
Bolshevism and are recognized as a
danger in this respect by the Polish
authorities are in fact already caus
ing much trouble by their lawlessness
In their search for food.
Fivs Killed In Train Wreck.
Chlckasha, Okla.—Five persons lost
their lives and twenty-seven were in
jured, ten of them seriously, when a
St Louis A San Francisco freight train
crashed into a passenger train at
Motorman Loses Life.
Ogden, Utah.—Motorman C. V. But
ters was Instantly killed when the
North Ogden car which he was driv
ing crashed into a Twenty-first street
car on an open switch. Six of the
vir.sseTv.-ers were injured
WAG TAX MEASURE
PASSED BY SENATE
WILL RAISE SIX BILLION DOL
LARS IN 1919 AND FOUR
BILLION IN 1920.
Revenue Measure Which Has Been
Before the Senate Since December
12 Now Goes to Conference,
Planned to Begin January 2.
Washington.—Without a record vote,
the senate on December 23 passed the
wur revenue bill, reduced to raise
about six billion dollurs In 1919 and
four billion in 1920, us compared with
the levy of $8,200,000,000 for next
year, proposed in the bill passed by
the house three months ago.
When the flnnl vote was taken at
10:40 o'clock the senate had been in
continuous session for nearly thirteen
hours. Immediately ufter the passage
of the bill the senate begun its holiday
vacation under the plan for three-day
recesses until January 2. Absence of a
quorum in the house, however, had
prevented that body from putting u
similar program into effect.
The revenue bill, which had been be
fore the senate since December 12,
now goes to conference with formal
meetings of the senate and house man
agers, planned to begin January 2 with
a view to flnnl enactment of the legis
lation next month.
In disposing finally of controverted
sections, the senate rejected, 55 to 6,
the substitute bill of Senator La Fol
lette of Wisconsin which proposed
higher rates principally on war-excess
profits and Individual income sur
Another vote on the second-class
postage question also was taken and
the senate sustained, 41 to 22, its pre
vious action in favor of the amend
ment, which will repeal the existing
zone rates of publications and substi
tute a rate of 1 cent a pound within
150 miles and 1% cents a pound be
A change made in the automobile
tax section, provided for exemption of
trucks, tractors and trailers, reducing
the bill's estimated revenue yield by
abcut $30,000,000, but the reinsertion
of the luxury tax clause will result in
an estimated yield of $80,000,000.
Henry White, fermer Americ
bassador to France, is the Ref
member of the American delegi
the peace conference.
Cut Tongue Instead of Tot
St. Louis,,Mo.—Robert D. K
years old, son of Albert Hag
given a verdict for $2000 aga
Jesse M. Threadglll, for the 1<
piece of his tongue during a
atlon for the removal of his toi
Man Slain on Train.
Tucson, Ariz,—The man kill
Los Angeles train nenring
Wednesday, a'ter he had shot
r'.ously wounded Conductor J<
mons, was Identified Thursday
■Tones of Visalia. Cal.
SINKING OF SHIPS
NOT ON PROGRAM
SECRETARY DANIELS DECLARES
HE KNOWS NOTHING OF PROPO
SAL TO DESTROY HUN NAVY.
First Suggestion of Plan Comes fron -
London as one Possible Way of
Settling a Very Vexing
Washington.—Press dispatches from
Paris saying that the American petite
delegates, with British support, will
urge the sinking of the surrendered
German warships us the solution of
their disposition, led to initiation of
steps in the senate on Thursday to
obtain an official statement of the
fucts and to wide discussion In naval
circles. At the state and navy depart
ments no information was available,
Secretary Daniels repeating his pre
vious statement that he had never
heurd the suggestion officially, while
at the state department It was said
that so far ns known there no such
project was Included in the Amerleun
The first published suggestion that
the ships be sunk came from London
several days ago, hut even before that
It was learned, this has occurred to
some naval authorities here as one pos
sible way of settling a vexing problem.
Admiral Benson, chief of naval oper
ations, and designated as naval adviser
to the American peace delegation, lias
been in Europe some time. His views,
worked out with Vice Admiral Sims
and officials of the British admiralty
and the French ministry of marine,
will have great weight with the Amer
ican delegates on naval questions aris
ing at the conference, but there is
nothing here to indicate what conclu
sion he may have reached on the dis
position of the surrendered craft.
There were mnuy indications that n
proposal to sink the ships would meet
strong opposition In congress.
JUST LEARNS WAR IS OVER.
Skipper Kept Constant Watch for Sub
marines That Failed to Appear.
Boston.—When Captain Walcott, the
British skipper of the Norwegian bark
Skansen I, 141 days out of Sydney, N.
S. W., with n valuable cargo of wool,
greeted the pilot that boarded him, off
Bostou Light Tuesday, the first ques
tion he asked was for the latest news
of the German submarines. A constant
watch for German raiders had been
kept throughout the voyage.
News that the armistice had been
signed and that the greater part of
the German underwater fleet had been
surrendered, set the crew wild with
joy and preparations were at once
made for a merry Christmas celebra
FRENCH LOSSES OVER MILLION.
Fearful Toll as Result of War Waged
Paris.—Announcement was made in
the chamber of deputies Thursday by
M. Abraz, under-secretary of state, that
France's losses in officers and men
killed up to November 1 of the pri sent
year aggregated 1,071,300, divided as
follows: Officers, 31,300, and men,
The number of dead prisoners aud
men missing was given as 42,000 offi
cers, and 1,789,000 men.
The men missing aggregate 3000 of
ficers and 311,000 men. The prisoners
still living total 8300 officers and
Montanan Killed in Street Fight.
Livingston, Mont.— O. M. Harvey,
Republican state chairman and one of
the most prominent attorneys in Mon
tana, died Monday night from a frac
tured skull sustained in a full to the
sidewalk during a fist fight on the
streets here half an hour-earlier, with
Postmaster J. Swindlehufst. Swindle
hurst gave himself up to (lie sheriff,
and Is in the county jail.
Yanks Set Up Christmas Tree.
Coblenz.—This city saw it» first Il
luminated Christmas tree Tuesdny
night. It was set up In the plaza along
the Rhine directly in front of head
quarters of the Third army. The tree,
which was 40 feet high, was decorated
with red, white and blue ribbons and
wus trimmed by army nurses. It was
placed In position by members of the
German Troops Evacuate Reval.
Amsterdam.—ltevul, the capital of
Ksthonlu, situated on the Gulf of Fin
land, has been evacuated by the Ger
mans, according to n telegram from
Berlin. German troops are reported to
have been engaged In fighting Bolshe
vik forces. Near Zhitomir, eighty
miles southwest of Kiev, the capital of
the Ukraine, the # Germans cuptured
fifteen guns from the Bolshevlki.
Mineral Production Increased.
Washington.—Under the spur of
war, mineral production In the United
States reached the unprecedented
value of $5,010,948,000 in 1017, exceed
ing by 43 per cent the previous record
made in 1916.
Voice 8chwab for PreeidenL
Chicago.—Choice of Charles M.
Schwab for next president of the
United States was voiced nt a ban
quet given by the Chicago Machinery
club to 750 plant superintendents anil
other representatives of 750 concerns
STATUS OF NATIONAL
MILITIA FORCES OF STATES TO
BECOME CITIZENS WHEN DIS
CHARGED FROM SERVICE
Secretary Baker Declares If Congress
Determines to Continue National
Guard, Service Will Have to Be
Reconstructed From Ground Up.
Washington.—If congress determines
(o continue the national guard ns u, e
army reserve of (he nation, Secretary
Baker said Wednesday, the guard ser
vice will have to be reconstructed from
the ground up. Federalization of the
guard for war service, the wur depart
ment 1ms held on the opinion of ij r i g
Gen. Su mu el T. Ancel 1, acting judge
udvocate general, will wipe out of ilx
istence the federalized regiments.
When the tuen are discharged they
will return to civilian life without any
obligation either to tile federal or
stute governments to continue in na
tional guard service.
Mr. Buker expressed a belief that
the problem of the national guard j s
bound up closely with the question of
wliut congress may do later in fram
ing legislation to establish a perma
nent militury policy. Should some
system of universal military training
be worked out, army officers said, u
is probable thut the national guard
would cease to exist. The war depart
ment hus uot ns yet made any recom
mendations on the subject.
There are many national guard units
orguulzed since the war by the vari
ous stutes which ure not affected by
the wur department's ruling. In some
cases federal recognition lias been ob
tained, bringing the units under the
federalizutioii sections of the act of
The great mass of the guard, how
ever, wus merged into the temporary
forces of the army of the United
States for the war, thereby completely
losing Its Identity.
GREAT FLEET ON HUDSON.
Warships Home From War Ride at
Anchor in Harbor.
New York.—Biding ut anchor in the
Hudson Thursday night were twenty
one superdreadnoughts, dreadnoughts
nnd ships of the line, which, with
cruisers, destroyers and a host of
smaller cruft, made the mightiest
American nrniada ever assembled. Tea
of the floating fortresses steamed int«
the harbor Thursday, after eighteen
months of service overseas with
Beatty's grand fleet. The others are
the flower of the North Atlantic fleet
Grim guardians of u great nation, they
symbolized thut the United States has
become the second naval power of the
The ships wore reviewed by Secre
tary Daniels nnd other officials, mil
lions of citizens having waited hour»
in u snowstorm to welcome the re
WALTER HINES PAGE DIES.
Former Ambassador to Great Britain
Pinehurst, N. C.—Walter lllnes Paye,
former ambassador to Great Britain,
died here December 21, after an lllnesi
of ninny weeks. Dr. Page's health he
gan to fail nearly a year ago, and he
gave up his post ns American repre
sentative at the court of St. Jainee
late In the summer.
Walter Hines I'nge was editor nf the
magazine, The World's Work, nnd a
member- of the publishing firm of
Doubleday, Page b Co., of Garden City.
L. I., when in March, 1913. President
Wilson appointed him American a® -
bassador to Great Britain.
Sounds Like a Movie Plot.
Los Angeles.— Burglars attempted te
open the safe of the Western Mechan
ical company here. Falling !»
lodge the safe door after bunr.ng o"
the hinges, they broke into the
puny's garage, took out a truck, hoisted
the safe through a skylight with the
company's tackle, hauled it to il <,an '
yon and rifled it of 81509 cash
Liberty bonds, after blowing »If
Ebert Rule Tottering.
London.—The Alexander and Km»
er regiments huve openly joined u*
revolting sailors in Berlin and it
predicted in advices sent from " e
late Christinas night that nearly
entire Berlin garrison will SU W*\
them, leuving the government "9
Wilton Opposes Sinking Hun Shif»
Washington. — It may he **
authoritatively that President »
will oppose in the most direct fa* ^
proposals' from any source to sin "
worships surrendered by Germany
der the terms of the armistice.
Argentina Recalls Mexican Ml"!*«*
Mexico City.—The Argentine F*"?
ment has recalled Its minister to
lco, Manuel E. Malbran. R
nounced Thursday that the "J"
w-ould leave here not later than I e
F-ocb and Wilson Meet.
Paris.—President Wilson aw
slutl Foch conferred for half 11,1 ^
Tuesday night. The subject* ^
discussion were mainly In refe:"^ ^
the armistice between the
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