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IDAHO LEGISLATURE REPUBLICANS will have forty MEMBERS OF SENATE AND FIFTY-TWO IN HOUSE. Only One Woman Will Be Seated In the Legislature—New Legislative Wings to State Capitol to Be Opened by New Members. Boise, I<lu.—The Republican party will be in complete control of the next Idaho legislature, the sixteenth ses sion, which convenes next January. Out of a total membership of ninety eight in the senate and house, the Re publicans gained ninety-two seats, forty In the senute and fifty-two in the house. The Democrats elected only two representatives and four senators and tlie Nonpartisans failed to get » «eut. The Sixteenth Idaho legislature will have the distinction of opening the new legislative wings to the state capi tol, for which the legislature made a $900,000 appropriation and which will be ready for occupancy when the legis lature convenes. The house is located in the east wing of the capitol and the senate In the west wing. Roth are fin ished in marble and mahogany and heavily carpeted. They are among the finest legislative chambers to be found in the west. Lieutenant Governor O. C. Moora having been re-elected, he will, by vir tue of the office he holds, preside over the senate. E. W. Whitehead of Lemhi county, re-elected, will probably be president pro tern. He held that post during the last session. While theu will be a number of old members back at the next session, it is being predicted that It will be Peter G. Johnston, representative from Ring ham county and dean of the lower houM In point of service, who will be the next speaker. Rertha V. Irwin, representative-elect from Twin Falls county, is the only woman who will be seated in the leg islature. She takes the place of Carrie Harper White, who was a member from that county In the last session. One other woman was a candidate In Ada county, but she wns defeated. Membership In the two houses Is as follows : Senate—Republicans, Ada county, C. S. Hunter; Bannock, William H. Witty ; Boundary, C. W. King ; Bear Lake, W. W. Clark; Benewah, O. E. Hailey ; Bingham, L. R. Thomas ; Blaine, E. P. Armstrong; Boise, R. E. Whitten ; Bonner, Andrew Christen sen ; Bonneville, M. B. Yeaman ; Butte, R. L. Sutcliffe ; Canyon, J. E. Kerrlck : Caribou, E. D. Whitman ; Cas sia, John McMurray; Clark, S. K. Clark ; Clearwater, U. S. Mix ; Custer, Charles F. Baker; Elmore, George W. Howarth ; Franklin, Ezra P. Monson ; Fremont, S. W. Orms ; Gooding, W. M. Smith ; Idaho, Seth D. Jones : Jeffer son, Robert Gilchrist ; Jerome, O. R. Burky ; Kootenni, E. V. Broughton ; Latah, E. W. Porter ; Lewis, F. H. Ron berg ; Lemhi, E. W. Whitcomb ; Lin coln, Frank T. Disney ; Madison, R. S. Hunt ; Minidoka, W. W. Thompson ; Nez Perce, A. R. Johnson ; Owyhee, James R. Keith ; Power, P. T. Fisher ; Payette, John H. McKinney ; Shoshone, Albert H. Featherstone ; Teton, Victor Hagsted ; Twin Falls, Joseph H. Sea ver; Valley, C. E. Noggle; Washington, E. A. Paddock. Democrats, Ada county, D. W. Van Hossen ; Camas, W. T. Sonner ; Gem, J. Leo Reed ; Oneida, Senator Har ding. House—Republicans, , Ada county, Jay Parrish, D. L. Young, Alfred An derson, Charles D. Storey; Adams, M. P. Gifford; Bannock, J. T. Bourne, L. Sumner Bond ; Boundary, O. H. Camp bell ; Bear Lake, ri. B. Hall ; Benewah, George O'Dwyer; Bingham, Peter G. Johnston ; Blaine, Carl H. Crayson ; Boise, W. A. Galbreath ; Bonner, H. P. Benedict : Bonneville, A. E. Stanger ; Kutte, C. A. Bottolfsen ; Canyon, George H. Van de Steeg, Cecil Weeks ; Caribou, J. D. Lou ; Cassia, Irel J. Gudmunson: Clark, H. F. Felt; Clear water, R. H. Bailey ; Custer, J. A. Harrington ; Franklin, Thomas Pres ton ; Fremont. J. H. Egbert ; Gem, C. C. Stinson : Gooding, John S. Sanborn ; Idaho, Lloyd A. Fenn; Jefferson, Hy rum Seversen : Jerome, E. C. Mont gomery ; Kootenai, C. A. McDonald, A. W. Burleigh: Latah, Alfred S. Ander son, C. .T. Hugo : Lemhi, John W. Snook; Lewis. M. L. Jarnagln; Lin coln, Fred W. Gwln ; Nez Perce, N. B. Carpenter : Oneida, W. S. Hall ; Owyhee. Robert J. Goodwin ; Power, Andrew May; Payette, H. R. Boomer; Shoshone, Donald A. Gallahan ; Twin Falls, Carl J. Miller, Bertha V. Irwin, J. A. Walters; Valley, L. L. Moore; Washington, J. P. Welker. Democrats, Camas county, W. H. Peck ; Elmore, O. E. Connon. Prisoner Leaps From Train. Broken Bow. Neb.—Dennis Chester, being taken from Great Falls, Mont., to Kansas City for the murder of Flor ence Barton, escaped from three de tectives on a Burlington passenger train near here and is still at large. Reduce Working Hours. Springfield, Mnss.—The Westing house Electric & Manufacturing com pany has put into effect a cut from fifty-four to forty-eight hours a week In Its working schedule, affecting 1800 employees. T ny Litt Figuring Events gNfjJ* Socw PISA: AN OLD CURIOSITY SHOP OF HISTORY A city of 10,000 skyscrapers before Peter Minuit bought Manhattan Island for the present price of a supper at a Broadway cabaret. A city that warred and traded with empires, yet plunged Into a disastrous struggle with a rival city over the rights to a lapdog. A city which was seized after a Florentine Hobson "bottled up" Its harbor entrance with sunken boats six centuries before the battle off San tiago bay. Such is Pisa, whose leaning tower was endangered by recent earthquake tremors in Italy. Pisa's record abounds In Incidents as freakish as Its famous tower; yet it possesses a history necessarily more significant than any British or Amer ican city. Indicative of Pisa's Importance In the thirteenth century was her send ing an ambassador to Rome. There by hangs the story of the lapdog. Dur ing the coronation ceremonies of l rederick II the Florentine emissary admired the lapdog of a certain car dinal, so that dignitary promised to give the tiny animal to Its admirer. Next day the Pisan ambassador said a few kind words about the same dog. and the cardinal just as readily prom ised It to him. The Florentine sent for his gift, and got It; the Pisan sent, and received an apology. Florentines began joking the Pisans about this In cident, and fights ensued on the Ro man streets. When the Pisan home folks heard this It gave them an ex cellent chance to pick a quarrel that had long been simmering. A sort of medieval Boston tea party was staged by the Pisans, who seized all the en emy merchandise within their reach, and thus precipitated the first of a series of wars with Florence which culminated in the subjection of Pisa by her long-time rival. The lapdog story seems trivial, yet characteristic of a certain childish quality noticeable among the juvenile civic nationalities that preceded na tional Italy. As further proof one might recall the occasion when the victorious army of Lifcca hung upon a Pisan tower a mirror with the In scription "Oh women of Pisa, use these to look at yourselves." No oth er challenge was needed for the Pisans to march to the gate of Lucca, and there to plant poles, topped with mir rors, bearing retaliatory comment Were a super Rip Van Winkle of medieval Pisa to come with his latter day compatriots to Ellis island in 1920, not only the national bird of his adopted land, but the skyscraper line of New York might make him feel at home. Towers they were called, these Pisa skyscrapers, huddled together for all the world like groups of tall apartment houses. Two reasons are assigned for this method of building, common to Italian towns of the twelfth century. One was that the wall permitted only vertical expansion when population pressure Increased. Another, believ able in view of the constant factional fights and family feuds, attributed them to the necessity for protection. Bridges that could be thrown from tower to tower further suggested the skyscraper likeness. On these precur sors of the modern fire escape, many a community battle has raged. The Leaning Tower of Pisa served humanity well, aside from becoming the most effective bit of city adver tising yet devised, for It permitted Galileo, a native of Pisa, to carry on his experiments with the laws govern ing the pendulum. THE FLAMINGO, A BIRD OF BEAUTY AND MYSTERY, IS SAVED FROM EXTINCTION Assurance that the flamingo, bird of beauty and mystery, will escape ex tinction Is contained In a letter from H. E. W. Grant, colonial governor of the Bahamas, which says: "You will be gKid to hear that an order In council has been passed giv ing complete protection to the flamin go. This glory of our marshes owes the expedition a debt of gratitude." The action of the Bahamas council was taken following an expedition, which trailed the flamingo, the most beautiful of the world's larger birds, to Its last stand, took motion pictures of the timorous creatures; and brought about a realization of how near they were to becoming extinct In the new world through annihilation by native sponge fishermen. These fishermen hunted them down for food purposes at the nesting and molting season. The first American naturalist to lo cate and study the gorgeous flamingo was Dr. Frank M. Chapman In 1901. when he estimated that some 20,000 flamingoes were to be found on one of the little known Islands of the Bahamas group. Since then It Is be lieved that fully two-thirds of the colonies have perished. The expedition that spent ten days In the abysmal salt swamps of Andros Island, filming the flamingo and study In* his habitat for scientific pur poses, was sent oat by the Miami Aquarium association. A yacht was the mother ship of the expedition and an express cruiser was used as a scout boat Canvas canoes were taken along to get Into the shal low salt creeks, and nose into the la goonp for deep entrances to the murky swamps where the flamingo bides. A Bahama guide, Peter Bannister, who had aided Doctor Chapman's party 19 years ago, also went with the party. After penetrating to the utmost navigable points with the canoes It was necessary to traverse miles of the "swash" or tidal marl marshes, carry ing the heavy cameras and motion pic ture machines, In search for the birds. Wading In water up to the waist, knee deep in the marl mud, was the dally program, while blinding swarms of mosquitoes compelled nightly retreats to the yacht, anchored several miles off shore. But the hardships found a worthy reward when the party came upon col onies of several hundred birds, de scribed by a member of the party as "a flaming mass of brilliant scarlet bodies, jet black beneath the huge wings, with their long, slender necks gracefully lowering and raising their Roman-nosed heads as they sought be neath the water the tiny spiral shell known to scientists as 'Cerlthlum.' up on which the flamingo lives exclusively In its native habitaL" SARDINIA: THE ISLAND OF PYGMIES AND WOLFRAM A traveler of fine Imagination sug gests that travel involves a double journey—"one forward through space, the other backward through time." Your steamboat ticket from Civi tavecchia, the port of Rome, entitles you to an eight-hour voyage to Sar dinia, but affords a premium of sev eral thousand years backward to Eu rope's earliest traceable history. Sardinia has a double Interest Just now because of the reported native demand for home rule, and because Americans have found tracts contain ing wolfram, highly prized as a source of tungsten. Second only to Sicily among Medi terranean Islands, Sardinia has been referred to as the lost Isle of that sea. Geographically It has been said to turn Its back on Italy, for Its east coast Is mountainous. This isolation has a compensation In preserving the homogeneity of a people who have a -a* Sardinian Minera. special Interest for students of racial history. Sardinians are small of stature. Even their soldiers have an average height a fraction under five feet four inches. But the most conspicuous curiosities of Sardinia are Its nuraghl, great round towers, relics of the bronze age. which served as fortified dwellings for some prehistoric people. There are 5,000 or more of these towers, some 60 feet high, usually about 30 feet in di ameter at the base, made of stone blocks and smeared with clay on the inside. Stairways lead to upper cham bers and platforms. Interesting as are these relics of un known Inhabitants, even more fasci nating are the traces of ancient civili zations to be found In the daily life of Sardinians of today. One may find oxen plowing as they did in the days of the Roman empire, implements which were Introduced by the succes sive occupants, one Catalan town (Alghero) where there Is no Jarring note In the illusion of old Spain, and dances of the classic Greek period at the mountain feste. Only in Sardinia and Corsica Is the mufloni, predecessor of our sheep, to be found. Wild deer and wild boar are plentiful In the mountain districts. Tunny fishing Is a major industry. In area Sardinia Is comparable to Vermont, but has more than twice the population of that state. The island lies directly south of Corsica, and is separated therefrom by the narrow straits of Bonifacio. In shape It has been compared to a human footprint. AIRPLANES TO WHIR OVER THUNDEROUS FALLS While Niagara Falls will continue to hold their own as a mecca for hon ey-mooners and other travelers, they must henceforth submit to comparison with another natural wonder, the Vic toria Falls of the Zambesi, as Africa becomes frequented by tourists. From being a place of mystery, so feared that Livingstone, who discov ered the falls In 1855, had great diffi culty In persuading bis followers to accompany him, the falls now are vis ible from a railway that crosses the river half-mile below them, and they lie ander the route of the proposed Cape to Cairo aerial service. Louis Livingston Seaman, in a com munication to the National Geographic society, describes a visit to Victoria Falls and contrasts them with Ni agara, as follows: "Early in the morning of the third day, we were suddenly awakened by the guard and treated to a scene of beauty never to be forgotten. Some ten miles distant five enormous col umns of vapor were shooting their roseate-tinted shafts hundreds of feet heavenward, while the faint roar of the falls told us tlie Mosioa-Tunga— the smoke that sounds—was no longer a mystery. "Each moment Increased the beauty and vividness of the scene. With the first rays of the rising sun came a picture of color of wondrous loveliness. Delicate tints of violet, crimson, Bnd beryl played through the mounting spray as It shot higher and higher, ultimately disappearing as virgin clouds In heaven, while the ever-in creasing thunders of the waters lent an added solemnity to the view. "Hardly could we wait to reach our destination, so great was our enthusi asm. But our hopes were doomed to momentary disappointment, only to be more than realized after a study of the environment ; for, notwithstanding their magnitude, the first view of Vic toria Falls Is decidedly disappointing., "Although nearly a mile In width and 400 feet In height, the grandeur of their proportions Is eclipsed by the sudden disappearance of the river, as it plunges into a narrow, rocky fissure extending across Its entire width. Only at a single central point Is there a breach In this fissure through which the falls can be seen and appreciated In their full proportions, where the converging waters rush madly to the zigzag canyon below. So restricted Is this view that there is an entire ab sence of that awe-inspiring and most paralyzing effect which strikes the vis itor dumb with wonder and amazement when Niagara bursts on his near vision. "On first sight of the Victoria Falls one involuntarily exclaims, 'Oh, how beautiful !' but they lack the majesty of our grand Niagara.' "No single visit can adequately re veal the fullness of their charms, but repeated excursions must be made to their islands and precipices, their grot tos and palm gardens, their rain for ests and projecting crags, their rain bows and catara-cts and many-sided views of their exquisite setting In the emerald framework of tropic forests, before their indescribable beauty can be appreciated. "Had the falls been In America, the Indians would surely have named them Minnehaha, Laughing Waters." THE MARSHALL ISLANDS The Marshall islands, along with the Carolines, were seized by Japan soon after the outburst of the war, and their permanent disposition has been under discussion. Their proximity to the Philippines has been referred to in this connection. The two chains of curiously-shaped atolls, or coral islands consisting of low-lying coral reefs encircling la goons, known as the Marshall group, lie a little south of the center of an Imaginary line between the Philippines and Hawaii. Guam, Samoa and Honolulu form a triangle of trade routes, with its sides not penetrated by important steamship lines. Near the center of this Isolated Pacific zone are the Marshall islands. Before the war Sydney was reached by steamer, a voyage of more than 3000 miles. The only other egress is a steamer to Ponape which connects with the French line to Singapore. Like two loosely-strung chains of Jewels, the Islands stretch from north west to southeast, each with Its la goon setting encased by a strangely shaped circlet of coral, some like tri angles. harps and stirrups, and one outlining a bull's head with Its horns. •Straight-haired, dark-brown natives, still preserving the religious signifi cance of tattoo and taboo, are to be found. Woman was given a higher position than among most savages because suc cession was through the female line. But the chiefs power was absolute, to the point of life and death. One am bitlous ruler learned an alphabet and Is said to have beheaded all his sub jects who seemed likely to acquire more knowledge than he had. In some Islands the mother was allowed to keep only the first three children. She had to bury the-fourth. Skillful and fearless navigators, the natives used bread-tree wood to make sailing canoes In which they would voyage for months. They devised charts, made of sticks, showing the lo cations of islands and the directions 6f prevailing winds. Ancestor worship was their predomi nant religious sentiment With pe titions and gifts they worshiped the departed whose spirits were supposed to return to earth In certain palm trees which they set off In stone tnclosurea Birds and fishes sometimes embodied these spirits, they believed, and thus certain species became taboo. Homes of the natives were not pre tentious. Floors were raised above the ground to escape the rats, and thatched roofs covered the combination house and storage room. The two island groups are known as the Ratak and Rallk chains. Their entire area is not more than 100 square miles; their native population 15.000, with fewer than 300 foreigners. The seat of German government was on Jalnit and the most populous island Is Majeru, with but 1,600 persona. Contents 15Thiid mu AtCOHOL'S W OHW AVfefriAbte ftip infi gfr *» sisiilatin^tbelboA fln8theSesmto«adB**£ TherrtTPianott^^S Cheerfulness *ad Be*, (add* rrnrn<Hin**etfhcmrnmm NEVr YORg CAST0M« For Infants and Children. Mothers Know That Genuine Castoria Bean the Signature of IB use Exact Copy of Wrapper. For Over Thirty Years CASTORIA ÇOH/Ç cQ g» DOn IB THAT OOUaH COSTOTTE! SPOrorS DISTEMPER COMPOUND WiU knack it la vary short tim«. At the Int sien of s coach or cold In Tour hors«, civs I few doses of - y w u| tat on the elands, eliminate the disease term, and prevent farther destruction of body by disease. "BPOHN'ff* has been the étend ard remedy for Distemper, Inflnense, Pink-Eye. Catarrhal P av e r. Concha and Colds for a quarter of i century. M cents and II.IS per bottle at your drnc store. STÖHN MEDICAL COUPANT. HONORED AS GREAT TEACHER Works of Euclid, Ancient Mathemati cian, the Foundation of the Science of Geometry. Euclid was an ancient mathemati cian, who is said by some to have flourished in the third centry before the Christian era. It is generally held that he was a Greek, but the date and place of his birth are unknown. It is generally held that much of his work was done at Alexandria, Egypt which in those ancient times was a famous seat of learning and the cen ter of extensive commerce. The most famous work of Euclid that has come down to us is the Elements of Geom etry in 13 books. The first six are the most valuable. They contain the foundation of geometry, on which is based several branches of higher mathematics. These books are still used In schools and colleges. The next three books deal with the prop erties of numbers but they are super seded by modern arithmetic. Euclid also left other works.' such as treatises on harmony and optics. Where He Belonged. "Hiram," said Mrs. Comtossel, "what band wagon are you going to ride on 7" "Mehltable," was the reply, "I know how I am goin' to vote, bat I won't be flourish in' on any band wagon. I am not sufficiently prominent to have a seat and be examined by the admirin' populace. Tm only one of the fellers that are supposed to be proud and happy if they are Invited to climb down every now and then and crank up the car." A Healthful Drink With No After Regrets . You are sure of satis faction 'when you make your table beverage Instant Postum Coffee drinkers delight in the change because of greater comfort, and tiie price is attractive because so moderate. All the famify will like the flavor of Postum At Grocers Everywhere Made by Postum Cereal Co., Inc. Battle Creek-Mich. REALLY NOTHING MUCH DOING Lige Par-eon* Was Not Actually on the Warpath, but It Seemed There Were Casualties. "Everybody expects a Kentuckian to tell a fend story," stated Governor Morrow of Kentucky recently. "The thing has really been much overdone, but the story of Llge Parsons may be worth telling. Like dropped Into the courthouse to see his friend, the pro bate judge. "•Howdy, Lige!' greeted the judge. "'Howdy, judge!' " 'What's doin' down your way. Lige? " 'Nuthln', judge, nuthin'.' "T'other evenin' I was a-settin', a readln' of my Bible, judge,' spoke up Lige, Vhen some shoo tin' begun. On« of my gals said 'twas the Harris boys down by the middle pasture. Now, judge, I didn't mind them Harris boys ' a-shootin', bat I wss afraid s stray bullet might hit a calf er one of the kids, so I picked np my rille and dropped a few shots down that way and went back a-readin' of my Bible. Next mornln' I went down that way an' they was all gone 'cept four.' "— Harper's Magazine. New Style er Ignorance. Mary had a new "fellow" and at the breakfast table members of the fam ily who had given him the once over the evening before, were not backward about making comments. Father said: "Mary, why doea the young man wear his hair so long" Mary replied: "To tell the truth I don't know ; It may be a new style or It may be just plain Ignorance."