REPUBLICANS will have forty
MEMBERS OF SENATE AND
FIFTY-TWO IN HOUSE.
Only One Woman Will Be Seated In
the Legislature—New Legislative
Wings to State Capitol to Be
Opened by New Members.
Boise, I<lu.—The Republican party
will be in complete control of the next
Idaho legislature, the sixteenth ses
sion, which convenes next January.
Out of a total membership of ninety
eight in the senate and house, the Re
publicans gained ninety-two seats,
forty In the senute and fifty-two in
the house. The Democrats elected only
two representatives and four senators
and tlie Nonpartisans failed to get »
The Sixteenth Idaho legislature will
have the distinction of opening the
new legislative wings to the state capi
tol, for which the legislature made a
$900,000 appropriation and which will
be ready for occupancy when the legis
lature convenes. The house is located
in the east wing of the capitol and the
senate In the west wing. Roth are fin
ished in marble and mahogany and
heavily carpeted. They are among the
finest legislative chambers to be found
in the west.
Lieutenant Governor O. C. Moora
having been re-elected, he will, by vir
tue of the office he holds, preside over
the senate. E. W. Whitehead of Lemhi
county, re-elected, will probably be
president pro tern. He held that post
during the last session.
While theu will be a number of old
members back at the next session, it
is being predicted that It will be Peter
G. Johnston, representative from Ring
ham county and dean of the lower
houM In point of service, who will be
the next speaker.
Rertha V. Irwin, representative-elect
from Twin Falls county, is the only
woman who will be seated in the leg
islature. She takes the place of Carrie
Harper White, who was a member
from that county In the last session.
One other woman was a candidate In
Ada county, but she wns defeated.
Membership In the two houses Is as
Senate—Republicans, Ada county, C.
S. Hunter; Bannock, William H.
Witty ; Boundary, C. W. King ; Bear
Lake, W. W. Clark; Benewah, O. E.
Hailey ; Bingham, L. R. Thomas ;
Blaine, E. P. Armstrong; Boise, R. E.
Whitten ; Bonner, Andrew Christen
sen ; Bonneville, M. B. Yeaman ;
Butte, R. L. Sutcliffe ; Canyon, J. E.
Kerrlck : Caribou, E. D. Whitman ; Cas
sia, John McMurray; Clark, S. K.
Clark ; Clearwater, U. S. Mix ; Custer,
Charles F. Baker; Elmore, George W.
Howarth ; Franklin, Ezra P. Monson ;
Fremont, S. W. Orms ; Gooding, W. M.
Smith ; Idaho, Seth D. Jones : Jeffer
son, Robert Gilchrist ; Jerome, O. R.
Burky ; Kootenni, E. V. Broughton ;
Latah, E. W. Porter ; Lewis, F. H. Ron
berg ; Lemhi, E. W. Whitcomb ; Lin
coln, Frank T. Disney ; Madison, R.
S. Hunt ; Minidoka, W. W. Thompson ;
Nez Perce, A. R. Johnson ; Owyhee,
James R. Keith ; Power, P. T. Fisher ;
Payette, John H. McKinney ; Shoshone,
Albert H. Featherstone ; Teton, Victor
Hagsted ; Twin Falls, Joseph H. Sea
ver; Valley, C. E. Noggle; Washington,
E. A. Paddock.
Democrats, Ada county, D. W. Van
Hossen ; Camas, W. T. Sonner ; Gem,
J. Leo Reed ; Oneida, Senator Har
House—Republicans, , Ada county,
Jay Parrish, D. L. Young, Alfred An
derson, Charles D. Storey; Adams, M.
P. Gifford; Bannock, J. T. Bourne, L.
Sumner Bond ; Boundary, O. H. Camp
bell ; Bear Lake, ri. B. Hall ; Benewah,
George O'Dwyer; Bingham, Peter G.
Johnston ; Blaine, Carl H. Crayson ;
Boise, W. A. Galbreath ; Bonner, H. P.
Benedict : Bonneville, A. E. Stanger ;
Kutte, C. A. Bottolfsen ; Canyon,
George H. Van de Steeg, Cecil Weeks ;
Caribou, J. D. Lou ; Cassia, Irel J.
Gudmunson: Clark, H. F. Felt; Clear
water, R. H. Bailey ; Custer, J. A.
Harrington ; Franklin, Thomas Pres
ton ; Fremont. J. H. Egbert ; Gem, C. C.
Stinson : Gooding, John S. Sanborn ;
Idaho, Lloyd A. Fenn; Jefferson, Hy
rum Seversen : Jerome, E. C. Mont
gomery ; Kootenai, C. A. McDonald, A.
W. Burleigh: Latah, Alfred S. Ander
son, C. .T. Hugo : Lemhi, John W.
Snook; Lewis. M. L. Jarnagln; Lin
coln, Fred W. Gwln ; Nez Perce, N. B.
Carpenter : Oneida, W. S. Hall ;
Owyhee. Robert J. Goodwin ; Power,
Andrew May; Payette, H. R. Boomer;
Shoshone, Donald A. Gallahan ; Twin
Falls, Carl J. Miller, Bertha V. Irwin,
J. A. Walters; Valley, L. L. Moore;
Washington, J. P. Welker.
Democrats, Camas county, W. H.
Peck ; Elmore, O. E. Connon.
Prisoner Leaps From Train.
Broken Bow. Neb.—Dennis Chester,
being taken from Great Falls, Mont.,
to Kansas City for the murder of Flor
ence Barton, escaped from three de
tectives on a Burlington passenger
train near here and is still at large.
Reduce Working Hours.
Springfield, Mnss.—The Westing
house Electric & Manufacturing com
pany has put into effect a cut from
fifty-four to forty-eight hours a week
In Its working schedule, affecting 1800
PISA: AN OLD CURIOSITY
SHOP OF HISTORY
A city of 10,000 skyscrapers before
Peter Minuit bought Manhattan Island
for the present price of a supper at
a Broadway cabaret.
A city that warred and traded with
empires, yet plunged Into a disastrous
struggle with a rival city over the
rights to a lapdog.
A city which was seized after a
Florentine Hobson "bottled up" Its
harbor entrance with sunken boats
six centuries before the battle off San
Such is Pisa, whose leaning tower
was endangered by recent earthquake
tremors in Italy.
Pisa's record abounds In Incidents as
freakish as Its famous tower; yet it
possesses a history necessarily more
significant than any British or Amer
Indicative of Pisa's Importance In
the thirteenth century was her send
ing an ambassador to Rome. There
by hangs the story of the lapdog. Dur
ing the coronation ceremonies of
l rederick II the Florentine emissary
admired the lapdog of a certain car
dinal, so that dignitary promised to
give the tiny animal to Its admirer.
Next day the Pisan ambassador said a
few kind words about the same dog.
and the cardinal just as readily prom
ised It to him. The Florentine sent
for his gift, and got It; the Pisan sent,
and received an apology. Florentines
began joking the Pisans about this In
cident, and fights ensued on the Ro
man streets. When the Pisan home
folks heard this It gave them an ex
cellent chance to pick a quarrel that
had long been simmering. A sort of
medieval Boston tea party was staged
by the Pisans, who seized all the en
emy merchandise within their reach,
and thus precipitated the first of a
series of wars with Florence which
culminated in the subjection of Pisa
by her long-time rival.
The lapdog story seems trivial, yet
characteristic of a certain childish
quality noticeable among the juvenile
civic nationalities that preceded na
tional Italy. As further proof one
might recall the occasion when the
victorious army of Lifcca hung upon
a Pisan tower a mirror with the In
scription "Oh women of Pisa, use
these to look at yourselves." No oth
er challenge was needed for the Pisans
to march to the gate of Lucca, and
there to plant poles, topped with mir
rors, bearing retaliatory comment
Were a super Rip Van Winkle of
medieval Pisa to come with his latter
day compatriots to Ellis island in 1920,
not only the national bird of his
adopted land, but the skyscraper line
of New York might make him feel at
Towers they were called, these Pisa
skyscrapers, huddled together for all
the world like groups of tall apartment
houses. Two reasons are assigned for
this method of building, common to
Italian towns of the twelfth century.
One was that the wall permitted only
vertical expansion when population
pressure Increased. Another, believ
able in view of the constant factional
fights and family feuds, attributed
them to the necessity for protection.
Bridges that could be thrown from
tower to tower further suggested the
skyscraper likeness. On these precur
sors of the modern fire escape, many
a community battle has raged.
The Leaning Tower of Pisa served
humanity well, aside from becoming
the most effective bit of city adver
tising yet devised, for It permitted
Galileo, a native of Pisa, to carry on
his experiments with the laws govern
ing the pendulum.
THE FLAMINGO, A BIRD OF
BEAUTY AND MYSTERY,
IS SAVED FROM
Assurance that the flamingo, bird of
beauty and mystery, will escape ex
tinction Is contained In a letter from
H. E. W. Grant, colonial governor of
the Bahamas, which says:
"You will be gKid to hear that an
order In council has been passed giv
ing complete protection to the flamin
go. This glory of our marshes owes
the expedition a debt of gratitude."
The action of the Bahamas council
was taken following an expedition,
which trailed the flamingo, the most
beautiful of the world's larger birds,
to Its last stand, took motion pictures
of the timorous creatures; and brought
about a realization of how near they
were to becoming extinct In the new
world through annihilation by native
sponge fishermen. These fishermen
hunted them down for food purposes
at the nesting and molting season.
The first American naturalist to lo
cate and study the gorgeous flamingo
was Dr. Frank M. Chapman In 1901.
when he estimated that some 20,000
flamingoes were to be found on one
of the little known Islands of the
Bahamas group. Since then It Is be
lieved that fully two-thirds of the
colonies have perished.
The expedition that spent ten days
In the abysmal salt swamps of Andros
Island, filming the flamingo and study
In* his habitat for scientific pur
poses, was sent oat by the Miami
A yacht was the mother ship of the
expedition and an express cruiser was
used as a scout boat Canvas canoes
were taken along to get Into the shal
low salt creeks, and nose into the la
goonp for deep entrances to the murky
swamps where the flamingo bides. A
Bahama guide, Peter Bannister, who
had aided Doctor Chapman's party 19
years ago, also went with the party.
After penetrating to the utmost
navigable points with the canoes It
was necessary to traverse miles of the
"swash" or tidal marl marshes, carry
ing the heavy cameras and motion pic
ture machines, In search for the birds.
Wading In water up to the waist, knee
deep in the marl mud, was the dally
program, while blinding swarms of
mosquitoes compelled nightly retreats
to the yacht, anchored several miles
But the hardships found a worthy
reward when the party came upon col
onies of several hundred birds, de
scribed by a member of the party as
"a flaming mass of brilliant scarlet
bodies, jet black beneath the huge
wings, with their long, slender necks
gracefully lowering and raising their
Roman-nosed heads as they sought be
neath the water the tiny spiral shell
known to scientists as 'Cerlthlum.' up
on which the flamingo lives exclusively
In its native habitaL"
SARDINIA: THE ISLAND OF
PYGMIES AND WOLFRAM
A traveler of fine Imagination sug
gests that travel involves a double
journey—"one forward through space,
the other backward through time."
Your steamboat ticket from Civi
tavecchia, the port of Rome, entitles
you to an eight-hour voyage to Sar
dinia, but affords a premium of sev
eral thousand years backward to Eu
rope's earliest traceable history.
Sardinia has a double Interest Just
now because of the reported native
demand for home rule, and because
Americans have found tracts contain
ing wolfram, highly prized as a source
Second only to Sicily among Medi
terranean Islands, Sardinia has been
referred to as the lost Isle of that
sea. Geographically It has been said
to turn Its back on Italy, for Its east
coast Is mountainous. This isolation
has a compensation In preserving the
homogeneity of a people who have a
special Interest for students of racial
history. Sardinians are small of
stature. Even their soldiers have an
average height a fraction under five
feet four inches.
But the most conspicuous curiosities
of Sardinia are Its nuraghl, great
round towers, relics of the bronze age.
which served as fortified dwellings for
some prehistoric people. There are
5,000 or more of these towers, some 60
feet high, usually about 30 feet in di
ameter at the base, made of stone
blocks and smeared with clay on the
inside. Stairways lead to upper cham
bers and platforms.
Interesting as are these relics of un
known Inhabitants, even more fasci
nating are the traces of ancient civili
zations to be found In the daily life
of Sardinians of today. One may find
oxen plowing as they did in the days
of the Roman empire, implements
which were Introduced by the succes
sive occupants, one Catalan town
(Alghero) where there Is no Jarring
note In the illusion of old Spain, and
dances of the classic Greek period at
the mountain feste.
Only in Sardinia and Corsica Is the
mufloni, predecessor of our sheep, to
be found. Wild deer and wild boar
are plentiful In the mountain districts.
Tunny fishing Is a major industry.
In area Sardinia Is comparable to
Vermont, but has more than twice the
population of that state. The island
lies directly south of Corsica, and is
separated therefrom by the narrow
straits of Bonifacio. In shape It has
been compared to a human footprint.
AIRPLANES TO WHIR OVER
While Niagara Falls will continue
to hold their own as a mecca for hon
ey-mooners and other travelers, they
must henceforth submit to comparison
with another natural wonder, the Vic
toria Falls of the Zambesi, as Africa
becomes frequented by tourists.
From being a place of mystery, so
feared that Livingstone, who discov
ered the falls In 1855, had great diffi
culty In persuading bis followers to
accompany him, the falls now are vis
ible from a railway that crosses the
river half-mile below them, and they
lie ander the route of the proposed
Cape to Cairo aerial service.
Louis Livingston Seaman, in a com
munication to the National Geographic
society, describes a visit to Victoria
Falls and contrasts them with Ni
agara, as follows:
"Early in the morning of the third
day, we were suddenly awakened by
the guard and treated to a scene of
beauty never to be forgotten. Some
ten miles distant five enormous col
umns of vapor were shooting their
roseate-tinted shafts hundreds of feet
heavenward, while the faint roar of
the falls told us tlie Mosioa-Tunga—
the smoke that sounds—was no longer
"Each moment Increased the beauty
and vividness of the scene. With the
first rays of the rising sun came a
picture of color of wondrous loveliness.
Delicate tints of violet, crimson, Bnd
beryl played through the mounting
spray as It shot higher and higher,
ultimately disappearing as virgin
clouds In heaven, while the ever-in
creasing thunders of the waters lent
an added solemnity to the view.
"Hardly could we wait to reach our
destination, so great was our enthusi
asm. But our hopes were doomed to
momentary disappointment, only to be
more than realized after a study of
the environment ; for, notwithstanding
their magnitude, the first view of Vic
toria Falls Is decidedly disappointing.,
"Although nearly a mile In width
and 400 feet In height, the grandeur
of their proportions Is eclipsed by the
sudden disappearance of the river, as
it plunges into a narrow, rocky fissure
extending across Its entire width. Only
at a single central point Is there a
breach In this fissure through which
the falls can be seen and appreciated
In their full proportions, where the
converging waters rush madly to the
zigzag canyon below. So restricted Is
this view that there is an entire ab
sence of that awe-inspiring and most
paralyzing effect which strikes the vis
itor dumb with wonder and amazement
when Niagara bursts on his near
"On first sight of the Victoria Falls
one involuntarily exclaims, 'Oh, how
beautiful !' but they lack the majesty
of our grand Niagara.'
"No single visit can adequately re
veal the fullness of their charms, but
repeated excursions must be made to
their islands and precipices, their grot
tos and palm gardens, their rain for
ests and projecting crags, their rain
bows and catara-cts and many-sided
views of their exquisite setting In the
emerald framework of tropic forests,
before their indescribable beauty can
"Had the falls been In America, the
Indians would surely have named
them Minnehaha, Laughing Waters."
THE MARSHALL ISLANDS
The Marshall islands, along with the
Carolines, were seized by Japan soon
after the outburst of the war, and their
permanent disposition has been under
discussion. Their proximity to the
Philippines has been referred to in
The two chains of curiously-shaped
atolls, or coral islands consisting of
low-lying coral reefs encircling la
goons, known as the Marshall group,
lie a little south of the center of an
Imaginary line between the Philippines
Guam, Samoa and Honolulu form a
triangle of trade routes, with its sides
not penetrated by important steamship
lines. Near the center of this Isolated
Pacific zone are the Marshall islands.
Before the war Sydney was reached
by steamer, a voyage of more than
3000 miles. The only other egress is
a steamer to Ponape which connects
with the French line to Singapore.
Like two loosely-strung chains of
Jewels, the Islands stretch from north
west to southeast, each with Its la
goon setting encased by a strangely
shaped circlet of coral, some like tri
angles. harps and stirrups, and one
outlining a bull's head with Its horns.
•Straight-haired, dark-brown natives,
still preserving the religious signifi
cance of tattoo and taboo, are to be
Woman was given a higher position
than among most savages because suc
cession was through the female line.
But the chiefs power was absolute, to
the point of life and death. One am
bitlous ruler learned an alphabet and
Is said to have beheaded all his sub
jects who seemed likely to acquire
more knowledge than he had. In some
Islands the mother was allowed to
keep only the first three children. She
had to bury the-fourth.
Skillful and fearless navigators, the
natives used bread-tree wood to make
sailing canoes In which they would
voyage for months. They devised
charts, made of sticks, showing the lo
cations of islands and the directions
6f prevailing winds.
Ancestor worship was their predomi
nant religious sentiment With pe
titions and gifts they worshiped the
departed whose spirits were supposed
to return to earth In certain palm trees
which they set off In stone tnclosurea
Birds and fishes sometimes embodied
these spirits, they believed, and thus
certain species became taboo.
Homes of the natives were not pre
tentious. Floors were raised above
the ground to escape the rats, and
thatched roofs covered the combination
house and storage room.
The two island groups are known
as the Ratak and Rallk chains. Their
entire area is not more than 100 square
miles; their native population 15.000,
with fewer than 300 foreigners. The
seat of German government was on
Jalnit and the most populous island
Is Majeru, with but 1,600 persona.
AtCOHOL'S W OHW
AVfefriAbte ftip infi gfr *»
Cheerfulness *ad Be*, (add*
For Infants and Children.
Mothers Know That
Exact Copy of Wrapper.
DOn IB THAT OOUaH COSTOTTE!
SPOrorS DISTEMPER COMPOUND
WiU knack it la vary short tim«. At the Int sien of s coach
or cold In Tour hors«, civs I few doses of - y w u|
tat on the elands, eliminate the disease term, and prevent farther
destruction of body by disease. "BPOHN'ff* has been the étend
ard remedy for Distemper, Inflnense, Pink-Eye. Catarrhal P av e r.
Concha and Colds for a quarter of i century. M cents and II.IS
per bottle at your drnc store.
STÖHN MEDICAL COUPANT.
HONORED AS GREAT TEACHER
Works of Euclid, Ancient Mathemati
cian, the Foundation of the
Science of Geometry.
Euclid was an ancient mathemati
cian, who is said by some to have
flourished in the third centry before
the Christian era. It is generally
held that he was a Greek, but the date
and place of his birth are unknown.
It is generally held that much of his
work was done at Alexandria, Egypt
which in those ancient times was a
famous seat of learning and the cen
ter of extensive commerce. The most
famous work of Euclid that has come
down to us is the Elements of Geom
etry in 13 books. The first six are the
most valuable. They contain the
foundation of geometry, on which is
based several branches of higher
mathematics. These books are still
used In schools and colleges. The
next three books deal with the prop
erties of numbers but they are super
seded by modern arithmetic. Euclid
also left other works.' such as treatises
on harmony and optics.
Where He Belonged.
"Hiram," said Mrs. Comtossel, "what
band wagon are you going to ride
"Mehltable," was the reply, "I know
how I am goin' to vote, bat I won't
be flourish in' on any band wagon. I am
not sufficiently prominent to have a
seat and be examined by the admirin'
populace. Tm only one of the fellers
that are supposed to be proud and
happy if they are Invited to climb
down every now and then and crank
up the car."
A Healthful Drink
No After Regrets
. You are sure of satis
faction 'when you make
your table beverage
Coffee drinkers delight
in the change because
of greater comfort, and
tiie price is attractive
because so moderate.
All the famify will like
the flavor of Postum
At Grocers Everywhere
Made by Postum Cereal Co., Inc.
REALLY NOTHING MUCH DOING
Lige Par-eon* Was Not Actually on
the Warpath, but It Seemed There
"Everybody expects a Kentuckian to
tell a fend story," stated Governor
Morrow of Kentucky recently. "The
thing has really been much overdone,
but the story of Llge Parsons may be
worth telling. Like dropped Into the
courthouse to see his friend, the pro
"•Howdy, Lige!' greeted the judge.
" 'What's doin' down your way.
" 'Nuthln', judge, nuthin'.'
"T'other evenin' I was a-settin', a
readln' of my Bible, judge,' spoke up
Lige, Vhen some shoo tin' begun. On«
of my gals said 'twas the Harris boys
down by the middle pasture. Now,
judge, I didn't mind them Harris boys '
a-shootin', bat I wss afraid s stray
bullet might hit a calf er one of the
kids, so I picked np my rille and
dropped a few shots down that way
and went back a-readin' of my Bible.
Next mornln' I went down that way
an' they was all gone 'cept four.' "—
New Style er Ignorance.
Mary had a new "fellow" and at the
breakfast table members of the fam
ily who had given him the once over
the evening before, were not backward
about making comments.
Father said: "Mary, why doea the
young man wear his hair so long"
Mary replied: "To tell the truth I
don't know ; It may be a new style or
It may be just plain Ignorance."
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