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VOLUME 27. NUMBER 3. COTTONWOOD, IDAHO, FRIDAY, JANUARY 17, 1919. $2.00 PER YEAR IDAHO SO« HAVE HARD TASK Perplexities and Responsi bilities o! the Idaho Legislature. By W. B. Hussman The present legislature has or ganized with a dispatch and is ready for business th at bespeaks confidence in its ability to cope with the many important prob lems with which it will have to deal. Partizanship is at a low ebb, a fortunate condition that no doubt will lend a spirit of de liberation and consultation in leg islative matters such as we may never see again, at least let us hope that such may be the case. True of course, they still call themselves democrats and re publicans and here and there we may find one that is willing to avow his faith in the Non Parti zan League, and if so, surely he will not boast of his partizanship. Not in the last fifty years have party lines been so completely ob literated and reconstructed as dur ing the war. The man who calls himself a democrat today may be a republican tomorrow, and vice versa, or he may be neither. The two great parties, republican and democratic, have for fifty years had their division upon the ques tion of state sovereignty and the protective tariff, fostered by the New England and Southern dem ocrats, and National sovereignty fostered by the western and northern republicans. State's rights as an issue was killed be yond resurrection by the demo crats of the south in their demand for national prohibition, govern ment ownership of public utilities and the distribution of the nation al credit over the states. Our own distinguished Senator Borah, although a republican whose par ty is pledged to National women suffrage, opposed the Federal Suf frage Amendment. And so on down the line numerous instances can be cited pointing to the ob literation of the old lines of pol itical division. But no need of worrying be cause of this, there will be plenty of new ones and just as momen tous and material upon which the people will divide and to which party leaders can appeal to fealty and support. It is too early yet to state with certainty just what the issues will be since the world is now standing upon a new threshold and so much depends upon the peace treaty and devel opments that will take place dur THE FIRST NATIONAL BANK COTTONWOOD, IDAHO The Bank of Service O. M. Collins, Pres. F. L. Parker, Vice-Pres., Geo. M. Robert son, Cashier, W. W. Flint, Asst. Cash. O. M. Collins F. L. Parker DIRECTORS August Schroeder Adolph Hinkelman Felix Martzen Geo. M. Robertson W. W. Flint 'We will be glad to help you with your income tax report or in any other way that we can be of service MEMBER .FEDERAL RESERVE , i ing the next few years. At this time we find republican leaders of the imperialistic and reactionary stripe such as lodge, Knox, Pen- 1 rose, Poindexter et cetera, doing all in their power to thwart the president in his object of estab lishingaleagueof nations. This. imperialistic bunch have no use for a league of nations based on the reign of law backed on the consent of the governed and sus tained by the organized opinion of mankind. They ''are not con cerned about the security and protection of national existence and equality of economic oppor tunity of small nations. They want this country free to pursue a policy of a grasping commercial expansion and would prefer to re ly on a preponderance of naval and military armaments rather than on a league of nations. In all this maelstrom of agitation for and against, the individual is so confused that he knows not to what side he should anchor his faith. Nor is this division as to the league of nations strictly alctfig party lines. With president TTT-,__, ,. n , Wilson at the Peace Conference advocating its creation, the con sumation of which would forbid a preponderance of naval and mili tary strength to every nation—be yond a defined limit-and yet one of his cabinet officers, Sec. of the Navy Daniels advocating anaval programme that would give us the largest navy in the world, we admit that we are confused, and it would appear that the presi dent is playing a lone hand. President Wilson is made the object of sinister ridicule by a powerful and unseen element. whose fountain head is the inter ests and traditions represented by of the republican party. But cn . ough, and be that as it may. The : liberal and progressive thought of the world is backing the presi-; dent and every liberal in our own ! land should give him unqualified support. Unless a League of Na tions is organized such as he pro- ; poses we shall have destroyed j Prussia only to perpetuate Pi'us cor,, j T C ! sianism and ourselves to emulate .... , .... . national egoism and militarism of which Prussianism was the or ganized conscious expression. These matters of course are out side of the province of a state leg islature yet it can give its en dorsement or denunciation of con templated policies of congress or the president, and thereby com mit the state, at least morally , .... „ XT ,, and politically. Now more than j ,, . , , , ever does the president need our , D , , , , support. But we are too long get ,. j , ,, , . , 7, ting down to the subject matter that we started out to discuss. Governor Davis' message, while lacking in definite' reccommend a tions as to the extent to which the state should stimulate indus try and labor in tiding us over cruc ^ P er i°d of unemploy " ent th ? t . we may »ithout <m due . pcsslm,sm "■«'.n the n " tyt ? r ' ? nevertheless ; very »'«factory;m that it outlines a general policy for the legislature to pursue. Until a budget is pre-1 pared showing the state's finan cial condition and the margin bonding, and taxation capacity determined it is useless to outline 1 a definite programme. This he himself proposes to do and before this is in the hands of Chronicle readers may have been submitted recogonizes the necessity of com bating unemployment by provid ing for the immediate construc , .T ot necessary pub lie improvements so far as it is within the financial ability of the state to do so. It is regretable that congress or to be more defi nite the administration could not it 7he~l*eidslat7irp Thp povprnnri tothe legislature. The governor^ see any" necë^itVfor T^erafpüb-^ lie works to combat unemploy ment. We do not desire to crit icise or to hold our humble opin-* x ion against that of the president, but would subscribe our view to those members of congress who . .. , alan ? ^ediate n <*essity for have continually sounded the constructive legislation to the end that there might be abundant op portunity for labor to adjust it self to the new peace condition. Unfortunately Pres. Wilson in his message to congress had noth ing to offer to assure the country that our economic equilibrium will be maintained while this re ,. , , . . . , adjustment »going on, mfact he commlts . al ' u the d,fflcult , le f ot . a 77177«. -The '7 77 h,riswsm»th-and; »fM« & : natur8 th . at ' P rom,se f t0 oulrun a " y ,n , qu,ry 7' 1 may be "! stlt 7 ad and a " y . a,d ,' ha ' may b = <f ! ' ered ; and ll W ' U „77 ea f 10 777 "?',, 7 "*.. * 7 " J ; j direct itself." So we need not look to congress for relief in th's matter. Congress cannot * be blamed. It cannot by its own ! force unify the administrative de , , , ipartmentsto any common pur . x . x , pose in time to provide a unified system of public works when it is most needed. Sui'ely it cannot be thought that this utter neglect of public responsibility for the public wel fare is genuinely desired by eith er capital or labor. Our object in holding to light ... .... . , , ,, this condition is not prompted by j . , A „ ... . J a desire merely to offer cntizism, , , , „ J , but to call attention to the state , „ . of affairs as we see . , , ., . . , . , P 01 " 1 out the pla,n duty ot the them'and'to ! state to assume so far as is with-! in its ability to so do, the respon-l , sibility of the state for the public ! i welfare and especially of our re-1 turning soldier boys and those i that have to earn their daily bread by the sweat of their brow. What to do? Build roads. Scarciiy off Suitable Cars for Grain Shipments There is considerable complaint about scarcity of the proper cars for heavy shipments, such as grain or flour. There are enough cars but a great many are in such a dilapidated condition that they are unfit for flour or grain. Many cars that are unfit are sidetracked where they remain indefinitely sometimes before they can be sent in for repairs. War condi | tions and the scarcity of labor has had much to do with this condi tion and it is hoped now that it is hoped now that it is hoped now that it may be remedied since la bor is more plentiful. Few do mestic cars are reaching the inter ior points now, more S. P., N. P. and New York Central cars be ing in use than any other. 1 j COMMERCIAL CLUB HOLDS LUNCHEON Good Roads Ouestion Up for Discussion; all Mem bers not Present. The Cottonwood Commercial j;Club met Monday in session at a luncheon held at the Cottonwood Hotel. About twenty members were present representing nearly ! ever ^ dne °f business and indus Qf ^ ^ ^ y . The most important subject up for dis cussion at the meeting was good 1 roads, although other matters were given attention. W. B. in Hussman discussed at length the matter of the Grave Creek road, stating the difficulties the people of that section have in getting in and j out and the need of , a 8 ood x „ , 2I , telk along thesame lines and sug-1 road to connect with the road, leading to Cottonwood. John Hoene also made a short gested that the Commercial Club get together on this matter and come to some definite conclusion. John Meyers brought Up the supject of power and water, and frankly declared the service had not been of the best for some time. He said the lack of power had necessitated the shutting down of their mill for a week. The Farmer's Union Co. also had been shut down from the same, cause. This mill, however, start ed up again Sunday. A repre sentative of the power company ji was present and stated his com- j P ari y had done and were doing — —— •" ^_______ Be d eclared ice and lack of water was among the principal causes of the lack of power, and that as soon as the Clearwater dam was completed there would be first-class service. This dam is of crescent formation, 750 feet in length, 60 feet high and 27 feet through at base. He declared there was no discrimin-, ation in the service and at Grange ville and other places the service was the same as at Cottonwood. Last Thursday the service was es pecially bad but he said it was the same ut Grangeville. Mr. Meyers also rapped the city water service and intimated that it was a matter for the club to take up and try to remedy. Felix Mart zen was present and upon being asked stated that the city reser voir was almost full and there was now an adequate supply of water for a11 rec J uirement * Other matters of minor import- j ance ca meup at the meeting änd were dis P osed of and was evi dent that at the next th * members would go more thorough ^ into the a ll- in >P° rtant Question good roads, —■— «>— - M> g. p as | or will Remain Rev. and Mrs. Taber made a j trip to Lewiston last week. They I were expecting to leave Cotton wood on account of Mrs. Taber's 1 health. The coveted location did j not develop, so they are back, among their friends again, for some indefinite time. Services will be held in the Methodist church Sun. 11 a. m. Subject: "Biblical Dynamite." We invite the public. The Dog Poisoner Again About a dozen dogs in Cotton- j wood and vicinity have met their' death from poisoning during the past two days including the valu- j able bird dog of George Grosshoff, j for which it is said he paid $154. Some person must have a grudge against the whole canine tribe and I is taking this cowardly method to get vengeance. School Notes [By Wm. A. Lusliel Ne v Students 2d. grade: Evelyn Bennett, Alice Bennett, and Richard Amos. 3d. grade: Helen Hensley. 4th. grade: Kenneth Hensley and Beth Bennett. 5th grade: Harold Me Cully. 7th grade: John Me Cully, Hildagarde Oldham, Donald and Nellie Bennett. H.S. students: Marie McCully, sabelle and Margaret Nath" T ,, , ,, . , _ In the gra^ the school attend ance 1S a 0U cen ° bef ^ e the Flu closed the scbo ° ls ' In the . H, « h Sch()o1 lfc 18 aboUt 72 percent Miss Jessie Wardrobe is teach in 8 the 5th and 6th grades instead °t ^d and 4th., and Miss Martha Lehmann of Spokane the 3d and ^h grades. "Back to school is today the government's watch word because , when theyshould be in school fore the government knows that illit eraey is a personal and national loss and that children at work cast stunted, under-educated men and women, ji j Does education pay in actual dollars and cents? The follow ing study of the earnings of pu pils in the New York City schools answers the question. Earnings per week of children who left school at 14, the end of grammar school. $4.00 . Age 4.50 * 5.00 6.00 7.00 8.50 9.50 9.50 11.75 11.75 12.00 12.75 Earnings per week of children who lefc school at 18, the end of high school. $10.00 18 10.76 19 15.00 20 16.00 21 20.00 22 21.00 23 23.00 24 31.00 25 Sfeiger-Rad Married, Monday morning at eight a. m. at the Catholic church in this city, Father F. Willibrord officiating, Mr. Paul Steiger of Ferdinand and Miss Clara Rad of Cottonwood. The contracting j parties are both well known young peophî of this vicinity. They will make their home at Ferdin and - - - COTTONWOOD STATE BANK Cottonwood, Idaho E. M. EHRHARDT, Pres. H. C. MATTHIESEN, Cashier M. M. BELKNAP, Vice-Pres. Condition, December 31, 1918 RESOURCES Loans and discounts.......................... Stocks, bonds and warrants............... Liberty bonds owned......................... U. S. Treasury certificates.................. Banking house, furniture and fixtures. CASH AND DUE FROM BANKS...... LIABILITIES Deposits subject to check................... Time certificates ........................ Cashier check.................................. TOTAL DEPOSITS................... Capital stock.................................. Surplus and undivided profits............. $220,153.90 12,907.35 10 , 000.00 15,000.00 6,660.57 $69,131.82 $333,853.64 $215,840.57 79,519.46 6,199.42 $ 301 , 559.45 25,000.00 7,294.19 $333,853.64 Jt* ■ Important Meeting of Red Crois It is very uigent that all mem bers of the Cottonwood Red Cross be present at the work room on Sat Jan 18th at 3 ( o'clock for the purpose of electing a chairman to fill the present vacancy. All ladies who have unfinished knitted articles at home will please complete same as soon as possible and return to the chapter. We have orders to "cease knitting" C. McMahon, Sec. Dr. Alcorn in Chicago Dr. R. J. Alcorn of Ferdinand has gone to Chicago to attend a meeting of medical men which has for its purpose a more thor ough investigation of the so called Spanish influenza. Dr. Alcorn expects to be absent about four weeks, during which time he will have a competent physician in charge of his hospital. Shareholders meeting The shareholders of the First National Bank met last Tuesday and considered the profits and losses of the year just ended. All present were well pleased with the success of the past and felt very hopeful for the future. Af ter approving the completed work of the officers and directors, it was decided to elect seven direct ors for the ensuing year and the following were chosen: O. M. Collins, E. !.. Parker, August Schroeder, Adolph Hinkleman, Felix Martzen, W. W. Flint and Geo. M. Robertson. Mr. Collins could not be present on account of the illness of his wife and daughter and Mr. Schroeder is at tending the legislature at Boise of which he is a member, but they are fully advised as to the condi tions obtaining in bankingmat tar*. Mrs. Albert Nau. Mrs. Albert Nau who died at the Alcorn hospital in Ferdinand Sunday morning at 5:30 was 29 years of age and vws born near Keuterville. She was ill only four days, death resulting from pneu monia following an attack of in fluenza. She was a sister-in-law of A. H. Nau of this city. Inter ment was made at Ferdinand Wednesday. Besides her hus band she leaves four children. A very impressivé memorial service was held at the Knights of Columbus hall Tuesday night in honor of Julius Holthaus whose death occurred in France on Oct. 1, while fighting with the Ameri can Expeditionary forces.