VOLUME 27. NUMBER 3.
COTTONWOOD, IDAHO, FRIDAY, JANUARY 17, 1919.
$2.00 PER YEAR
HAVE HARD TASK
Perplexities and Responsi
bilities o! the Idaho
By W. B. Hussman
The present legislature has or
ganized with a dispatch and is
ready for business th at bespeaks
confidence in its ability to cope
with the many important prob
lems with which it will have to
deal. Partizanship is at a low
ebb, a fortunate condition that
no doubt will lend a spirit of de
liberation and consultation in leg
islative matters such as we may
never see again, at least let us
hope that such may be the case.
True of course, they still call
themselves democrats and re
publicans and here and there we
may find one that is willing to
avow his faith in the Non Parti
zan League, and if so, surely he
will not boast of his partizanship.
Not in the last fifty years have
party lines been so completely ob
literated and reconstructed as dur
ing the war. The man who calls
himself a democrat today may be
a republican tomorrow, and vice
versa, or he may be neither. The
two great parties, republican and
democratic, have for fifty years
had their division upon the ques
tion of state sovereignty and the
protective tariff, fostered by the
New England and Southern dem
ocrats, and National sovereignty
fostered by the western and
northern republicans. State's
rights as an issue was killed be
yond resurrection by the demo
crats of the south in their demand
for national prohibition, govern
ment ownership of public utilities
and the distribution of the nation
al credit over the states. Our
own distinguished Senator Borah,
although a republican whose par
ty is pledged to National women
suffrage, opposed the Federal Suf
frage Amendment. And so on
down the line numerous instances
can be cited pointing to the ob
literation of the old lines of pol
But no need of worrying be
cause of this, there will be plenty
of new ones and just as momen
tous and material upon which the
people will divide and to which
party leaders can appeal to fealty
and support. It is too early yet
to state with certainty just what
the issues will be since the world
is now standing upon a new
threshold and so much depends
upon the peace treaty and devel
opments that will take place dur
FIRST NATIONAL BANK
The Bank of Service
O. M. Collins, Pres. F. L. Parker, Vice-Pres., Geo. M. Robert
son, Cashier, W. W. Flint, Asst. Cash.
O. M. Collins
F. L. Parker
Geo. M. Robertson
W. W. Flint
'We will be glad to help you with
your income tax report or in any
other way that we can be of service
ing the next few years. At this
time we find republican leaders of
the imperialistic and reactionary
stripe such as lodge, Knox, Pen- 1
rose, Poindexter et cetera, doing
all in their power to thwart the
president in his object of estab
lishingaleagueof nations. This.
imperialistic bunch have no use
for a league of nations based on
the reign of law backed on the
consent of the governed and sus
tained by the organized opinion
of mankind. They ''are not con
cerned about the security and
protection of national existence
and equality of economic oppor
tunity of small nations. They
want this country free to pursue
a policy of a grasping commercial
expansion and would prefer to re
ly on a preponderance of naval
and military armaments rather
than on a league of nations. In
all this maelstrom of agitation
for and against, the individual is
so confused that he knows not to
what side he should anchor his
faith. Nor is this division as to
the league of nations strictly
alctfig party lines. With president
TTT-,__, ,. n ,
Wilson at the Peace Conference
advocating its creation, the con
sumation of which would forbid a
preponderance of naval and mili
tary strength to every nation—be
yond a defined limit-and yet one
of his cabinet officers, Sec. of the
Navy Daniels advocating anaval
programme that would give us
the largest navy in the world, we
admit that we are confused, and
it would appear that the presi
dent is playing a lone hand.
President Wilson is made the
object of sinister ridicule by a
powerful and unseen element.
whose fountain head is the inter
ests and traditions represented by
of the republican party. But cn .
ough, and be that as it may. The :
liberal and progressive thought of
the world is backing the presi-;
dent and every liberal in our own !
land should give him unqualified
support. Unless a League of Na
tions is organized such as he pro- ;
poses we shall have destroyed j
Prussia only to perpetuate Pi'us
cor,, j T C !
sianism and ourselves to emulate
.... , .... .
national egoism and militarism
of which Prussianism was the or
ganized conscious expression.
These matters of course are out
side of the province of a state leg
islature yet it can give its en
dorsement or denunciation of con
templated policies of congress or
the president, and thereby com
mit the state, at least morally
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and politically. Now more than
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ever does the president need our
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support. But we are too long get
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ting down to the subject matter
that we started out to discuss.
Governor Davis' message, while
lacking in definite' reccommend
a tions as to the extent to which
the state should stimulate indus
try and labor in tiding us over
cruc ^ P er i°d of unemploy
" ent th ? t . we may »ithout <m
due . pcsslm,sm "■«'.n the
n " tyt ? r ' ? nevertheless ; very
»'«factory;m that it outlines a
general policy for the legislature
to pursue. Until a budget is pre-1
pared showing the state's finan
cial condition and the margin
bonding, and taxation capacity
determined it is useless to outline 1
a definite programme. This he
himself proposes to do and before
this is in the hands of Chronicle
readers may have been submitted
recogonizes the necessity of com
bating unemployment by provid
ing for the immediate construc
.T ot necessary pub
lie improvements so far as it is
within the financial ability of the
state to do so. It is regretable
that congress or to be more defi
nite the administration could not
it 7he~l*eidslat7irp Thp povprnnri
tothe legislature. The governor^
see any" necë^itVfor T^erafpüb-^
lie works to combat unemploy
ment. We do not desire to crit
icise or to hold our humble opin-* x
ion against that of the president,
but would subscribe our view to
those members of congress who
. .. ,
alan ? ^ediate n <*essity for
have continually sounded the
constructive legislation to the end
that there might be abundant op
portunity for labor to adjust it
self to the new peace condition.
Unfortunately Pres. Wilson in
his message to congress had noth
ing to offer to assure the country
that our economic equilibrium
will be maintained while this re
,. , , . . . ,
adjustment »going on, mfact he
commlts . al ' u the d,fflcult , le f ot . a
h,riswsm»th-and; »fM« &
: natur8 th . at ' P rom,se f t0 oulrun
a " y ,n , qu,ry 7' 1 may be "! stlt 7
ad and a " y . a,d ,' ha ' may b = <f
! ' ered ; and ll W ' U „77 ea f 10
777 "?',, 7 "*.. * 7 " J
direct itself." So we need not
look to congress for relief in th's
matter. Congress cannot * be
blamed. It cannot by its own
! force unify the administrative de
, , ,
ipartmentsto any common pur
. x . x ,
pose in time to provide a unified
system of public works when it
is most needed.
Sui'ely it cannot be thought
that this utter neglect of public
responsibility for the public wel
fare is genuinely desired by eith
er capital or labor.
Our object in holding to light
... .... . , , ,,
this condition is not prompted by
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a desire merely to offer cntizism,
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but to call attention to the state
, „ .
of affairs as we see
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P 01 " 1 out the pla,n duty ot the
state to assume so far as is with-!
in its ability to so do, the respon-l
, sibility of the state for the public !
i welfare and especially of our re-1
turning soldier boys and those i
that have to earn their daily bread
by the sweat of their brow. What
to do? Build roads.
Scarciiy off Suitable Cars
for Grain Shipments
There is considerable complaint
about scarcity of the proper cars
for heavy shipments, such as grain
or flour. There are enough cars
but a great many are in such a
dilapidated condition that they
are unfit for flour or grain. Many
cars that are unfit are sidetracked
where they remain indefinitely
sometimes before they can be
sent in for repairs. War condi
| tions and the scarcity of labor has
had much to do with this condi
tion and it is hoped now that it
is hoped now that it is hoped now
that it may be remedied since la
bor is more plentiful. Few do
mestic cars are reaching the inter
ior points now, more S. P., N. P.
and New York Central cars be
ing in use than any other.
Good Roads Ouestion Up
for Discussion; all Mem
bers not Present.
The Cottonwood Commercial
j;Club met Monday in session at a
luncheon held at the Cottonwood
Hotel. About twenty members
were present representing nearly !
ever ^ dne °f business and indus
Qf ^ ^ ^ y . The
most important subject up for dis
cussion at the meeting was good 1
roads, although other matters
were given attention. W. B. in
Hussman discussed at length the
matter of the Grave Creek road,
stating the difficulties the people
of that section have in getting in
and j out and the need of , a 8 ood
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telk along thesame lines and sug-1
road to connect with the road,
leading to Cottonwood.
John Hoene also made a short
gested that the Commercial Club
get together on this matter and
come to some definite conclusion.
John Meyers brought Up the
supject of power and water, and
frankly declared the service had
not been of the best for some
time. He said the lack of power
had necessitated the shutting
down of their mill for a week.
The Farmer's Union Co. also had
been shut down from the same,
cause. This mill, however, start
ed up again Sunday. A repre
sentative of the power company ji
was present and stated his com- j
P ari y had done and were doing
— —— •"
^_______ Be d eclared
ice and lack of water was among
the principal causes of the lack of
power, and that as soon as the
Clearwater dam was completed
there would be first-class service.
This dam is of crescent formation,
750 feet in length, 60 feet high
and 27 feet through at base. He
declared there was no discrimin-,
ation in the service and at Grange
ville and other places the service
was the same as at Cottonwood.
Last Thursday the service was es
pecially bad but he said it was
the same ut Grangeville. Mr.
Meyers also rapped the city water
service and intimated that it was
a matter for the club to take up
and try to remedy. Felix Mart
zen was present and upon being
asked stated that the city reser
voir was almost full and there
was now an adequate supply of
water for a11 rec J uirement *
Other matters of minor import- j
ance ca meup at the meeting änd
were dis P osed of and was evi
dent that at the next th *
members would go more thorough
^ into the a ll- in >P° rtant Question
—■— «>— -
M> g. p as | or will Remain
Rev. and Mrs. Taber made a j
trip to Lewiston last week. They I
were expecting to leave Cotton
wood on account of Mrs. Taber's
1 health. The coveted location did
j not develop, so they are back,
among their friends again, for
some indefinite time.
Services will be held in the
Methodist church Sun. 11 a. m.
Subject: "Biblical Dynamite."
We invite the public.
The Dog Poisoner Again
About a dozen dogs in Cotton- j
wood and vicinity have met their'
death from poisoning during the
past two days including the valu- j
able bird dog of George Grosshoff, j
for which it is said he paid $154.
Some person must have a grudge
against the whole canine tribe and I
is taking this cowardly method to
[By Wm. A. Lusliel
Ne v Students
2d. grade: Evelyn Bennett,
Alice Bennett, and Richard
3d. grade: Helen Hensley.
4th. grade: Kenneth Hensley
and Beth Bennett.
5th grade: Harold Me Cully.
7th grade: John Me Cully,
Hildagarde Oldham, Donald and
H.S. students: Marie McCully,
sabelle and Margaret Nath"
T ,, , ,, . , _
In the gra^ the school attend
ance 1S a 0U cen °
bef ^ e the Flu closed the
scbo ° ls ' In the . H, « h Sch()o1 lfc 18
aboUt 72 percent
Miss Jessie Wardrobe is teach
in 8 the 5th and 6th grades instead
°t ^d and 4th., and Miss Martha
Lehmann of Spokane the 3d and
"Back to school is today the
government's watch word because
when theyshould be in school fore
the government knows that illit
eraey is a personal and national
loss and that children at work
cast stunted, under-educated men
Does education pay in actual
dollars and cents? The follow
ing study of the earnings of pu
pils in the New York City schools
answers the question.
Earnings per week of children
who left school at 14, the end of
$4.00 . Age
Earnings per week of children
who lefc school at 18, the end of
Married, Monday morning at
eight a. m. at the Catholic church
in this city, Father F. Willibrord
officiating, Mr. Paul Steiger of
Ferdinand and Miss Clara Rad
of Cottonwood. The contracting
j parties are both well known young
peophî of this vicinity. They
will make their home at Ferdin
COTTONWOOD STATE BANK
E. M. EHRHARDT, Pres. H. C. MATTHIESEN, Cashier
M. M. BELKNAP, Vice-Pres.
Condition, December 31, 1918
Loans and discounts..........................
Stocks, bonds and warrants...............
Liberty bonds owned.........................
U. S. Treasury certificates..................
Banking house, furniture and fixtures.
CASH AND DUE FROM BANKS......
Deposits subject to check...................
Time certificates ........................
Surplus and undivided profits.............
10 , 000.00
$ 301 , 559.45
of Red Crois
It is very uigent that all mem
bers of the Cottonwood Red Cross
be present at the work room on
Sat Jan 18th at 3 ( o'clock for the
purpose of electing a chairman to
fill the present vacancy.
All ladies who have unfinished
knitted articles at home will please
complete same as soon as possible
and return to the chapter. We
have orders to "cease knitting"
C. McMahon, Sec.
Dr. Alcorn in Chicago
Dr. R. J. Alcorn of Ferdinand
has gone to Chicago to attend a
meeting of medical men which
has for its purpose a more thor
ough investigation of the so called
Spanish influenza. Dr. Alcorn
expects to be absent about four
weeks, during which time he will
have a competent physician in
charge of his hospital.
The shareholders of the First
National Bank met last Tuesday
and considered the profits and
losses of the year just ended. All
present were well pleased with
the success of the past and felt
very hopeful for the future. Af
ter approving the completed work
of the officers and directors, it
was decided to elect seven direct
ors for the ensuing year and the
following were chosen: O. M.
Collins, E. !.. Parker, August
Schroeder, Adolph Hinkleman,
Felix Martzen, W. W. Flint and
Geo. M. Robertson. Mr. Collins
could not be present on account
of the illness of his wife and
daughter and Mr. Schroeder is at
tending the legislature at Boise
of which he is a member, but they
are fully advised as to the condi
tions obtaining in bankingmat
Mrs. Albert Nau.
Mrs. Albert Nau who died at
the Alcorn hospital in Ferdinand
Sunday morning at 5:30 was 29
years of age and vws born near
Keuterville. She was ill only four
days, death resulting from pneu
monia following an attack of in
fluenza. She was a sister-in-law
of A. H. Nau of this city. Inter
ment was made at Ferdinand
Wednesday. Besides her hus
band she leaves four children.
A very impressivé memorial
service was held at the Knights
of Columbus hall Tuesday night
in honor of Julius Holthaus whose
death occurred in France on Oct.
1, while fighting with the Ameri
can Expeditionary forces.
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