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f" 9. •t- 'ir. %v r: ,»A' #54-' *ak§~ S M*'V^ SiSsf nV '"If? "'V is/ *i & OPERATING ^~cs AAsvutdL, /U«/' ^Aj-is lf"°r,r' As*^ yfc£_e_ QsO~t* Why shouldn't Mary have a good time now and then with her friends? John's dinner will be just as well cooked since a Mother's Oats Fireless Cooker is in the house it will be just as hot and steaming. Mary paid nothing for the Cooker she saved coupons out of Mother's Oats and other Mother's Cereals, and secured a $3.75 Cooker free. She saves 80% of her fuel bills she hardly goes into the kitchen at all, and she isn't forced to bend all afternoon over a hot stove she arises an hour later than usual, and doesn't have to rush down stairs to prepare Mother's Oats for breakfast. The coupons are found in: Mother'* Oats Mother'* Corn Meal (white or yellow) Mother'* Wheat Hearts (the cream of the wheat) Mother's Hominy Grits Mother's Corn Flakes (toasted) Ask your grocer to tell you how to pet a Mother's Oats Fireless Cooker free. If he doesn't keep Mother's Cereals, write us today, giving his name and yours, and we'll tell you all about the free Fireless Cooker and send you a useful souvenir free. THE GREAT MORE I a check account enables YOU to save only sixty dollars more than you otherwise would each year it means to you as much as the income from a one thousand dollar loan at six per cent, interest. Isn't that well worth while? Many who are not now saving anything would find a check account the means of accumulating more than sixty dollars a year. Why don't YOU try this plan of getting ahead? Let us help you. J^UULS ASLJL^S II irxtvdw a~S JL*^^d^_y Xxrt" SLvwC Mother's Coarse Pearl Hominy Mother's Old Fashioned Steel Cut Oatmeal Mother's Old Fashioned Graham Flour WESTERN OATMEAL AIILLS CUT GLASS AND FINE HAND PAINTED CHINA We bought a traveling man's sample line of the above and are able to sell them at Greatly Reduced Prices. Call and look them over. P. A. CLEMMER THE BANK OF CRESCO JOHN FARNSWORTH. PR. Dr. JohnJ.CIemmer DENTIST Martin Building TEETH EXTRACTED WITHOUT PAIN CEREAL COMPANY THAN ANY OTHER ONE CONCERN AKRON BOSTON Nnv II WliN WW YORK 1*1111 ADELI'HIA CHICAGO pm: uuioi iii ALI. A ,Y sr. LOUIS SPECIAL IN CHINA -L'KICKS- .Dealer in. Furniture. Carpets and Mattines Gold Filling $1.50 up Silver Filling 75c Cement Filling 75c Gold Crowns.... 5.00 up Porcelain Crowns 5.00 Bridge Work $5 a tooth l-'lates 7.50 MEVERDEN Undertaking: in All its Branches 104 Plain Dealers for $1 AKi. .v. **2* n'' The Approach °j Historic Celestial Marvel, With a Head as Large as the Moon, Recently Sighted at Heidelberg, Germany, Will Soon Be Visible to the Naked Eye the World Over. By FREDERIC CAMPBELL. [President of the department of astrono my, Brooklyn Institute of Arts and Sci ences.] (•FTER an absence of seventy-! five years that monster of the sky, Ilalley's cotnet, is close to its return. Already it is sight ed and photographed after being waited for for years and looked for for months. On Sept. 11 Professor Wolff of Heidelberg observatory, Germany, got his great telescope on the wan dering son of the solar family and, wired all the principal observatories to prepare to welcome the prodigal! home. They are few who have access to the great telescopes, but those who do may now sight this celestial marvel in advance of the rest of mankind, who will have to wait till December to gaze upon the wondrous spectacle. Even without a telescope it is of in terest to know just where the comet now is. Most people who understand anything about the heavens are famil-1 iar with the curiously shade and bril liantly studded winter constellation known as Orion. This now rises soon after midnight and by 2 o'clock in the morning is well above those mists that hang about the horizon. The bright whitish star at the west of the rectangular figure is Kigel. The bright reddish one at the east is Betelgeux. I.ooking off to the east of Betelgeux another bright star is seen. This is I'rocyon, in the constellation Oanis Mi nor. A brighter star than either is seen southward that is, Sirius bright est of all the fixed stars. Draw imaginary lines connecting Betelgeux, I'rocyon and Sirius and you have a great equilateral triangle. One-third the distance along the line from Be telgeaux to I'rocyon stands the comet. It will not remain there, for it is mov- A ME'JTVNg -T"~7 \l I Jv 7 ing with ever increasing speed as it nears the sun, but there is where it is now. Traveled Many Millions of Miles. Now the question is raised, Where has this comet been for seventy-live years, and where does it come from now! W'e answer that it has been away beyond the orbit of Neptune, the and the cold would be so intense that possibly air itself would freeze into liquid form. At its nearest approach to tin sun that luminary would appear Immensely greater than seen from the earth, and the heat would dry up all water courses and destroy all life, both vegetable and animal. OlililT OF llALLKl'S COMET. most distant world of our solar family have been captured by some of the of which we have any knowledge. We are staggered by the earth's distance of 03,000,000 miles from the sun, but Ilalley's comet has been thirty-five times as far as that and from that dis tance is returning to a point only 03, 000,000 miles from the sun, nearer than the planet Venus. At its great est distance, known as "aphelion," the ... ., Willi us for the rest of its life. Nen sun would appear only as a bright star ... ... tune is credited with capturing sb Now, although the comet can be ac tually seen over only a very small part of its course of thousands of mil lions of miles, such is the nature of its curve that the wonderful science of mathematics enables us to track it per- train by studying the time table. About last January the comet crossed the or- bit of Jupiter and was 450,000,000 miles from us. Next February it will cross the orbit of Mars and will have taken 400,000,000 miles from its dis tance. About the last of March it is expected to cross the orbit of the earth. About ten days later it will cross the orlflt of Venus. It will then swing about tlie sun, reaching its perihelion, or point of nearest approach to tlie sun. May 10, according to one calculation, though according to another it may be there some time iu April. It then be gins to push back into space again, and in so doing it again crosses the or bits of tlie planets about as follows: Venus, May 28 earth, June 10 Mars, July 28 Jupiter, nearly a year later. If the comet twice crosses the orbit of the earth it becomes a question of the utmost interest whether our globe Is liable to'be run into. It is reassur ing to be told that the earth will be at the two crossing points about Nov. 1 HO, «, -r $) *1 HalSey's Comet Has Traveled Thousands of Mil lions of Miles In Its Journey Toward the Sun Astronomical Expert Tells Why There Is No Collision Possible With It. 0 surrace car and an elevated train on the one hand or between a surface car and a subway train on the other. It has been calculated that the nearest possible approach of the comet to the earth would be (i.OOO.UOO miles, but wo shall be millions of miles farther sep arated than that even when nearest. Source of Comets Unknown. It used to be believed that comets were entirely irresponsible bodies, not under the control of the same forces that control the planets. It was not perceived that the law of gravitation has them in its grip, as well as earth, Jupiter and Saturn, and that they fol low definite and well known curves. A comet originally comes from we know not where. Something has shot it through infinite space, and it hap pens to pass within the range of our sun's gravitating power. At once it Is attracted toward the sun and compel led to sweep down out of space and around the sun before it is released. Indeed, whether it shall be released Is altogether a question. If the curve on which the comet approaches is what is known as a parabola or a hyperbola it stands wide open at the farther end, ami the comet, hjiving paid us a single visit, sweeps back into space and never again appears in our sky. But if it be an ellipse it is closed at both ends, and, after a certain period of absence, back it comes as certainly as tomorrow's sunrise. Tlie truth is that all the planets, including the earth, are traveling about the sun, not on circles, but on ellipses, but their paths are only slightly eccentric, while that of the periodical comet is extremely so. A boy's round hoop when pressed out of shape becomes an ellipse, and the harder the pressure the more ellip tical it becomes. Such is the pr.tli of V- -S3 the periodical comet. When the comet is as near the sun as the earth is, if its speed bo more than twenty-six miles a second it will describe a para noia or a hyperbola and will never come back. If it be less than the same it will describe an ellipse and will return at regular intervals. How Comets Are Captured. The periodical comets are believed planets. A comet comes journeying through space under the influence of the sun, intending to pay us but a single visit. It passes so near great Jupiter, for example, that its speed is slowed down below the critical point. It is thereby compelled to change its orbit to an ellipse and stays nl)ullt feetly. Let us therefore follow it in |solnotimes a little less and sometimes imagination just as we do a rn lway ipturing six comets, including Ilalley's Uranus three. Saturn two, Jupiter about thir ty. One reason for believing that there is yet another undiscovered planet beyond Neptune is that a cer tain comet shows a curve which reach es out to a distant point where a planet ought to be in order to account for its introduction into our system. Naming of the Comet. It has been ascertained that the .period of Ilalley's comet is iu general ^venty-live years, though it is |CVL,ra| vo,„.s moro tho (liffoI.cuccs be. duo ho inllueneo uf hc lanetlj which it passes in going and comim This is therefore a historic comet and by no means an upstart, for it has recently been traced back to more than 20.0 years before Clnist. Considering how young the science of astronomy is. think of heinjr uble to Identify appearances of this same com et in all the following years: 1$. C. 240, A. D. 4.11, 7i u, KM!. 114.1. 1222, 1301, 1378. 14r(i. 1.131. 1007, 10S2, 17.111, 183.1, I 11110. In lOtiti William the Conqueror was terrifying England, and the comet was looked upon as an omen of terri bio.disaster. In 14.10 all Europe was moved to terror by this enormous I sword of light held aloft nightly in the sky, and the pope directed that to the and May 1. It will thus be seen that back according to prediction of the we make a good escape, though a little great Sir Edmund Ilalley, the friend of narrow iu the latter case, inasmuch Newton, and it henceforth took upon as there is a margin of only about a itself his name. month and a half at that point. But There always has been and still is even if the earth were at the crossing much of mystery as to the nature of points at the same time with the comet comets. Where they came from no nothing could happen for the reason one knows, but they are iu the uni that tlie two bodies do not travel in verse journeying through space. When the same plane or on the same lqvol. first sighted a comet looks only like a At the first crossing the comet goes faint nebula changing its position over and at the second it goes under among the fixed stars. As it draws the earth, so that there is no danger nearer the sun it becomes brighter and of collision at either point any more begins to shoot out a tail. Vet nearer, than there is of collision between a Ave Maria should be added the prayer, "Lord, save lis from the Turk, the comet and the devil." It was at this time that the noonday call to prayer by the ringing of church bells was in troduced, which lias never been aban doned. In 17.10 the comet first came 1 tUo head cau be a recognized as quite distant from the tail and a bright core at the center of the head called the nucleus. Great comets like Ilalley's are described as presenting a head as large as the moon, shining with the brightness of Venus and stretching out tlie tail over one-third of the sky. Ilal ley's comet has shown a tail forty-five degrees long, which is equal to a pro cession of ninety full moons. As It does not always appear the same, it is likely on the present occasion to have a length either greater or less. Peril In Its Head. The head of a comet is the dangerous part, consisting probably of a mass of particles like stones, held together by their mutual gravitation. The increas ing heat of In? sun as it approaches that body develops vapors, which envelop the nucleus and are driven back into space in the form of the tail. It is note worthy that the tail always streams away from the sun, going before tho head when the sun retires into space. This, so long a mystery, is now be lieved to be due to the pressure of light from the sun. so great a force that not less than 70.000 tons of it ever rest upon the earth's surface. The tail Is extremely thin, so that the faintest stars can be seen through a million miles of its thickness. The earth has once or twice passed through a comet's tail and suffered no harm. If, how ever, there should occur a head-on col lision with the nucleus it would not only be the end of the comet, but might seriously damage if not ruin the earth. If nothing more, it would be likely to Introduce noxious gases into our at mosphere, which would as swiftly pro duce death as the descending fumes of Mont I'eke. We have already shown that no collision is possible with Hal ley's comet, nor as long as we believe that human history is yet to be con summated and that a divine plan lies back of the universe can we indulge in now antiquated fears. Nothing is less probable, even astronomically, than a cometary collision. However, there Is some ground for believing that in that strange curiosity of the plains, Coon Butte, Ariz., we have the evidence that just once a comet struck tho earth, but if so, whether before or after the ad vent of man, we have no means of knowing. Ilalley's comet will not be an appari tion of a moment, like a meteor, nor of a week or two, like the moon. Ou its last appearance it was visible the larger part of a year, and certainly for months we shall have our sky, partly at night and partly in the morning, transformed by the presence of this not unwelcome stranger. It will be seen the world over. Peary at the north pole and Shaekleton at the south pole would each bo cheered by its radiance, and seventy-five years hence a very few very old men will trem blingly point to the heavens and say that in their youth they saw yonder spectacle once before. COOK'S POLAR ^BEAR FIGHT. North Polo Finder's Adventure In the Arctic Regions. On one occasion when he was pro ceeding south after the discovery of the north pole I)r. Frederick A. Cook liad an exciting adventure with a po lar bear, lie had drawn the canvas boat upon the ice, and the Eskimos had •,'one in search of game, leaving tho doctor alone and without weapons or .imiuuuition. The only food he had left was tlie shoulder of a seal which he was keeping for an emergency. Dr. Cook, who was asleep in the boat, was suddenly awakened and saw :i few yards away a bear sniffing about. Finally it pushed its nose in inquisitive fashion into the boat where Dr. Cook was lying. The explorer was scared, but he seized a runner of a sled and hit tho bear. This frightened the animal, but it returned and was about to attack when Dr. Cclok shout ed loudly and advanced upon it, flour ishing the sled runner as he went. This demonstration so impressed the animal that it turned tail and fled. Later it was killed by tho Eskimos. After this Dr. Cook never remained alone. Canary Colored Railroad Cars. Canary yellow has been adopted as the standard color for the coaches, re frigerator cars and all other box cars used iu the passenger service on the I'auama railroad. Tests to ascertain the color best suited to withstand the local climatic conditions, which are unusually hard on exterior paints, were made with the result that yellow was demonstrated a superior lasting quality over the other colors tried. A Scalded Boy's Shrieks horrified his grandmother, Mrs. Maria Taylor, of Nebo, K'y., who writes that, when all through he would die, Buck len's Arnica Salve wholly cured him. Infallible for Burns, Scalds, Cuts, Corns, Wounds, Bruises. Cures Fever Sores, Boils, Skin Eruptions, Chil blains, Chapped Hands. Soon routs Piles. at P. A. Cleinmer's. Registered Galloway Cattle for Sale. 2-1 Cows acd Heifers Yearling Bulls 1 Herd Bull -1 years old 1 Extra Fine Bull Calf, old enough to serve in March 5 Spring and Summer Calves. Every one over one year old is registered and the calves will be when sold. These Cattle will be sold at private sale in numbers to suit purchaser. Mr. Franklin, who has been on my farm for nearly 15 years, is in poor health and cannot continue the business, so 1 am going to sell all the stock. This stock can be seen on my farm i) mill northeast of Elma and 4* miles west oi Schley. 1 expect to be at tho farm personally, from Oct. 20th to Nov. 5th. Mr. Franklin & Son will always be here to show the stock. They are well posted as to price, age, registration, etc. You can get a bargain in the purchase of these ^Cattle. Here is a good chance to start a small herd cheap. 1 have been raising cattle for a long time and 1 have selected the Galloway because of their hardiness and good in size am uciauou ui 1.1H.-II iiaixuness 1 quality they are so uniform ml color—are excellent cattle. Look for notice of Public Sale of Grade Cattle, Horses, and Hogs November. in Yours respectfully, GEORGE W, MERRY MAXIMUM TARIFF FORCE FRENCH DRESSES AND GOOD WINE WILL COST MORE. Agreement of France and America Came to an End the First of the Month. Paris, Nov. 2.—The government has begun to apply maximum rates on American importations. The tariff agreement between the two govern ments expired Nov. 1. The intimation containeu in some special news dis patches that the L'nited States govern ment would seek a method of retalia tion if France offered its maximum rates on American goods pending a new tariff agreement, has caused a painful impression here. If, as inti mated, Washington threatened to In voke the sweeping clauses of the adulterated food and drug act to plare French wines under the ban, the sit uation would become forthwith acute. The negotiations which Ambassador Jusserand is prepared to undertake would be seriously prejudiced. The application of the maximun rate of the French tariff to American products now enjoying the benefit ol minimum rates, will represent an in crease of from 33 to 212 per cent. Certain products of France which have enjoyed the minimum rates o) the Dingley law, though getting the benefit of the minimum rales of the Payne law, will be subjected to in creased duty ranging from 29 to 6C per cent. The increases on various American articles substantially are as follows: Manufactured ami prepared porli m^ats, 100 per cent. Tanned moats. 33 per cent. Lnrd. (»0 ]v?r cent. Fruits, 200 per cent. Dried or pressed fruits, 50 per cent Common woods, 54 per e^nt. Paving blocks. 43 per cent. Staves. 07 per r«-nt. Hops. 50 per cent. Petroleum, all classes. 100 per cent. Heavy oils and residues of petroleum 33 per cent. The increases on French products In the main are as follohvs: Brandies, 49 per cent. Still wines and vermuths. 29 per cent. Champagne and all other sparkling wines, 60 per cent. The imports into the United States from France of dutiable articles dur ing the fiscal year of 1908, amounted to $12,173,481, Including: I2.822.0S9 for art works. $1.020.«24 for argols. $1,977,977 for spirits. $5,201,230 for champagne and other sparkling: wines. I for still wines. 1 The French imports from the Unit ed States aggregated during the same period, $20,281,212. These included: Pork meats. $t25,899. Tanned meats. $388,702. I/ird. $2,N40.r7-t. dried and pressed, Common woods, paving blocks and staves. $4.94R.(9.r. Coffee. $312,467. Mineral oils, $11,018,118. Heavy ells and residues of pettro 'eum, $l,Slio.l52. Torturing eczema spreads its burning area every day. Doan's Ointment! quickly stops its spreading, instantly relieves the itching, cures it perma-! nentiy. At any drug store. I 'tp ''vf- Sprains Sloan's Liniment is the best remedy for sprains and bruises. It quiets the pain at once, and can be applied to the tenderest part without hurting because it doesn't need to be rubbed all you have to do is to lay it on lightly. It is a powerful prepa ration and penetrates instantly relieves any inflammation and con gestion, and reduces the swelling. Here's the Proof. Mr. L. ROLAND, Bishop of Scran ton. Fa. says:—"On the th of this present month, as I was leaving the building at noon for lunch. I slipped and fell, spraining my wrist. 1 returned in the afternoon, and at four oVlinik I could not hold a pen cil in my hand. 1 returned home later and purchased a bottle of Sloan's Liniment and used it five or six times before I went to bed, and the next day I was able to go to work and use my hand as usual." N JjliUU Largest Number of Loaves Get a Sack and Prove It How many dollars do you pay out in a year for flour? It is one nf the big expenses of the household. Zephyr Flour will save you at least ten per cent your usual outlay for ordinary flour. Fig ure what thai means to you. Buy the same amount of flour. But Zephyr Flour will make the largest number of loaves possible to any flour. This is the reason: It is ground from specially (•II 7rMMM«i -.s Stlcttcd KflfiSHS Ildnl h^iit cx.tr/1 rich ia It is the only flour sold under a money-back guarantee. It is ground bv clean water power— thus saving fuel expense. The saving goes into Zephyr I* lour Quality. Try 24 pounds at our risk. Order a 48-pound saek from your dealer today. If you do not find it just as guaranteed after using 24 pounds send the remaining half back and get all your money. Any of the follow,ni? will supply you: Alliance Merc. Association, Cresco H. P. Anderson & Co.,Lime Springs E. D. Capper Chester Klnten,which takes up the moisture and mnkes the most loaves, and the best bread. Try it and see. una jfft Zephyr Flour V"W CMIC.AUO. FIIEE EXHIBIT—AONIC^TVUAL PHO0UGT* DAKOTAS.MONTANA, tk ST IMlVL- VIHlTOMtt WKI.COM-IDAHO**WASHINGTON. This exhibit ear will be at the ST. PAI RAILWAY Chester, Station at Saturday, CHICAGO, MILWAUKEE & November Lime Springs, Monday, November 15 Cresco, Tuesday, November 16 You are cordially invited to inspect the various exhibits of farm products which it contains. Admission free. In Montana, along the new line to the Pacific Coast —the CIIICA'C'.O, MILWAUKEE & PUUET SOUND RAILWAY—are thousands of acres of fer tile GOVEKNMKNT HOMESTEAD LANDS. Get one of these homesteads while you can. Descriptive literature free. K. A. MILLKK. liriirrnl I'usscujfur Ajfunt, (»Ko. It. HAYNKS, IimniKmtioii Agent, Is- VM? Sloan's Liniment is an excellent anti a killer— heals cuts, burns, wounds and contusions, and will a is from sting of poi sonous insects. 26c.,50c. and$1.00 $ NIOUII'M liook on how*, cuttle, nheep «inl poultry dent five* Dr. Earl S. Sloan, Boston, Mass., U.S.A. tUlOHl PANTORIUM get vour OW yuu can suite pressed every week at the rate of CI I'ER MONTH a so a shine every day Up stairs, tilth door north of tlie Post Ofliee clyde~lTayne PROPRIETOR 13 Chicago. 7"o Murqut'tti' HMg., Chicago. Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railway. WM •1 fji a?