/U«/' ^Aj-is lf"°r,r'
As*^ yfc£_e_ QsO~t*
Why shouldn't Mary have a
good time now and then with her
friends? John's dinner will be just as
well cooked since a Mother's Oats Fireless
Cooker is in the house it will be just as hot
and steaming. Mary paid nothing for the Cooker
she saved coupons out of
and other Mother's Cereals, and secured a $3.75 Cooker
free. She saves 80% of her fuel bills she hardly goes
into the kitchen at all, and she isn't forced to bend all afternoon
over a hot stove she arises an hour later than usual, and doesn't
have to rush down stairs to prepare Mother's Oats for breakfast.
The coupons are found in:
Mother'* Corn Meal (white or yellow)
Mother'* Wheat Hearts (the cream of
Mother's Hominy Grits
Mother's Corn Flakes (toasted)
Ask your grocer to tell you how to pet a Mother's Oats Fireless
Cooker free. If he doesn't keep Mother's Cereals, write us
today, giving his name and yours, and we'll tell you all about
the free Fireless Cooker and send you a useful souvenir free.
a check account enables YOU to save only
sixty dollars more than you otherwise
would each year it means to you as much
as the income from a one thousand dollar
loan at six per cent, interest.
Isn't that well worth while? Many who are
not now saving anything would find a check
account the means of accumulating more
than sixty dollars a year.
Why don't YOU try this plan of getting
ahead? Let us help you.
II irxtvdw a~S
JL*^^d^_y Xxrt" SLvwC
Mother's Coarse Pearl Hominy
Mother's Old Fashioned Steel Cut
Mother's Old Fashioned Graham
CUT GLASS AND FINE
HAND PAINTED CHINA
We bought a traveling man's sample line of
the above and are able to sell them at
Greatly Reduced Prices. Call and look them
P. A. CLEMMER
THE BANK OF CRESCO
JOHN FARNSWORTH. PR.
TEETH EXTRACTED WITHOUT PAIN
THAN ANY OTHER ONE CONCERN
AKRON BOSTON Nnv II WliN WW YORK 1*1111 ADELI'HIA CHICAGO
pm: uuioi iii ALI. A ,Y sr. LOUIS
SPECIAL IN CHINA
Furniture. Carpets and Mattines
Gold Filling $1.50 up
Silver Filling 75c
Cement Filling 75c
Gold Crowns.... 5.00 up
Porcelain Crowns 5.00
Bridge Work $5 a tooth
Undertaking: in All its Branches
104 Plain Dealers for $1
The Approach °j
Historic Celestial Marvel, With
a Head as Large as the Moon,
Recently Sighted at Heidelberg,
Germany, Will Soon Be Visible to
the Naked Eye the World Over.
By FREDERIC CAMPBELL.
[President of the department of astrono
my, Brooklyn Institute of Arts and Sci
(•FTER an absence of seventy-!
five years that monster of the
sky, Ilalley's cotnet, is close to
its return. Already it is sight
ed and photographed after being
waited for for years and looked for for
months. On Sept. 11 Professor Wolff
of Heidelberg observatory, Germany,
got his great telescope on the wan
dering son of the solar family and,
wired all the principal observatories
to prepare to welcome the prodigal!
They are few who have access to
the great telescopes, but those who do
may now sight this celestial marvel in
advance of the rest of mankind, who
will have to wait till December to
gaze upon the wondrous spectacle.
Even without a telescope it is of in
terest to know just where the comet
now is. Most people who understand
anything about the heavens are famil-1
iar with the curiously shade and bril
liantly studded winter constellation
known as Orion. This now rises soon
after midnight and by 2 o'clock in
the morning is well above those mists
that hang about the horizon. The
bright whitish star at the west of the
rectangular figure is Kigel. The bright
reddish one at the east is Betelgeux.
I.ooking off to the east of Betelgeux
another bright star is seen. This is
I'rocyon, in the constellation Oanis Mi
nor. A brighter star than either is seen
southward that is, Sirius bright
est of all the fixed stars. Draw
imaginary lines connecting Betelgeux,
I'rocyon and Sirius and you have a
great equilateral triangle. One-third
the distance along the line from Be
telgeaux to I'rocyon stands the comet.
It will not remain there, for it is mov-
ing with ever increasing speed as it
nears the sun, but there is where it
Traveled Many Millions of Miles.
Now the question is raised, Where
has this comet been for seventy-live
years, and where does it come from
now! W'e answer that it has been
away beyond the orbit of Neptune, the
and the cold would be so intense that
possibly air itself would freeze into
liquid form. At its nearest approach
to tin sun that luminary would appear
Immensely greater than seen from the
earth, and the heat would dry up all
water courses and destroy all life, both
vegetable and animal.
OlililT OF llALLKl'S COMET.
most distant world of our solar family have been captured by some of the
of which we have any knowledge. We
are staggered by the earth's distance
of 03,000,000 miles from the sun, but
Ilalley's comet has been thirty-five
times as far as that and from that dis
tance is returning to a point only 03,
000,000 miles from the sun, nearer
than the planet Venus. At its great
est distance, known as "aphelion," the ...
., Willi us for the rest of its life. Nen
sun would appear only as a bright star ... ...
tune is credited with capturing sb
Now, although the comet can be ac
tually seen over only a very small
part of its course of thousands of mil
lions of miles, such is the nature of its
curve that the wonderful science of
mathematics enables us to track it per-
train by studying the time table. About
last January the comet crossed the or-
bit of Jupiter and was 450,000,000
miles from us. Next February it will
cross the orbit of Mars and will have
taken 400,000,000 miles from its dis
tance. About the last of March it is
expected to cross the orbit of the earth.
About ten days later it will cross the
orlflt of Venus. It will then swing
about tlie sun, reaching its perihelion,
or point of nearest approach to tlie sun.
May 10, according to one calculation,
though according to another it may be
there some time iu April. It then be
gins to push back into space again,
and in so doing it again crosses the or
bits of tlie planets about as follows:
Venus, May 28 earth, June 10 Mars,
July 28 Jupiter, nearly a year later.
If the comet twice crosses the orbit
of the earth it becomes a question of
the utmost interest whether our globe
Is liable to'be run into. It is reassur
ing to be told that the earth will be at
the two crossing points about Nov. 1
HO, «, -r $)
Has Traveled Thousands of Mil
lions of Miles In Its Journey
Toward the Sun Astronomical
Expert Tells Why There Is No
Collision Possible With It. 0
surrace car and an elevated train on
the one hand or between a surface car
and a subway train on the other. It
has been calculated that the nearest
possible approach of the comet to the
earth would be (i.OOO.UOO miles, but wo
shall be millions of miles farther sep
arated than that even when nearest.
Source of Comets Unknown.
It used to be believed that comets
were entirely irresponsible bodies, not
under the control of the same forces
that control the planets. It was not
perceived that the law of gravitation
has them in its grip, as well as earth,
Jupiter and Saturn, and that they fol
low definite and well known curves.
A comet originally comes from we
know not where. Something has shot
it through infinite space, and it hap
pens to pass within the range of our
sun's gravitating power. At once it Is
attracted toward the sun and compel
led to sweep down out of space and
around the sun before it is released.
Indeed, whether it shall be released Is
altogether a question. If the curve on
which the comet approaches is what is
known as a parabola or a hyperbola
it stands wide open at the farther end,
ami the comet, hjiving paid us a single
visit, sweeps back into space and never
again appears in our sky. But if it be
an ellipse it is closed at both ends, and,
after a certain period of absence, back
it comes as certainly as tomorrow's
Tlie truth is that all the planets,
including the earth, are traveling
about the sun, not on circles, but on
ellipses, but their paths are only
slightly eccentric, while that of the
periodical comet is extremely so. A
boy's round hoop when pressed out
of shape becomes an ellipse, and the
harder the pressure the more ellip
tical it becomes. Such is the pr.tli of
the periodical comet. When the comet
is as near the sun as the earth is, if
its speed bo more than twenty-six
miles a second it will describe a para
noia or a hyperbola and will never
come back. If it be less than the
same it will describe an ellipse and
will return at regular intervals.
How Comets Are Captured.
The periodical comets are believed
planets. A comet comes journeying
through space under the influence of
the sun, intending to pay us but a
single visit. It passes so near great
Jupiter, for example, that its speed
is slowed down below the critical
point. It is thereby compelled to
change its orbit to an ellipse and stays
feetly. Let us therefore follow it in |solnotimes a little less and sometimes
imagination just as we do a rn lway
comets, including Ilalley's Uranus
three. Saturn two, Jupiter about thir
ty. One reason for believing that
there is yet another undiscovered
planet beyond Neptune is that a cer
tain comet shows a curve which reach
es out to a distant point where a
planet ought to be in order to account
for its introduction into our system.
Naming of the Comet.
It has been ascertained that the
.period of Ilalley's comet is iu general
^venty-live years, though it is
|CVL,ra| vo,„.s moro tho (liffoI.cuccs be.
duo ho inllueneo uf hc lanetlj
which it passes in going and comim
This is therefore a historic comet and
by no means an upstart, for it has
recently been traced back to more
than 20.0 years before Clnist.
Considering how young the science
of astronomy is. think of heinjr uble to
Identify appearances of this same com
et in all the following years: 1$. C. 240,
A. D. 4.11, 7i u, KM!. 114.1. 1222, 1301,
1378. 14r(i. 1.131. 1007, 10S2, 17.111, 183.1,
I 11110. In lOtiti William the Conqueror
was terrifying England, and the comet
was looked upon as an omen of terri
bio.disaster. In 14.10 all Europe was
moved to terror by this enormous
I sword of light held aloft nightly in the
sky, and the pope directed that to the
and May 1. It will thus be seen that back according to prediction of the
we make a good escape, though a little great Sir Edmund Ilalley, the friend of
narrow iu the latter case, inasmuch Newton, and it henceforth took upon
as there is a margin of only about a itself his name.
month and a half at that point. But There always has been and still is
even if the earth were at the crossing much of mystery as to the nature of
points at the same time with the comet comets. Where they came from no
nothing could happen for the reason one knows, but they are iu the uni
that tlie two bodies do not travel in verse journeying through space. When
the same plane or on the same lqvol. first sighted a comet looks only like a
At the first crossing the comet goes faint nebula changing its position
over and at the second it goes under among the fixed stars. As it draws
the earth, so that there is no danger nearer the sun it becomes brighter and
of collision at either point any more begins to shoot out a tail. Vet nearer,
than there is of
collision between a
Ave Maria should be added the prayer,
"Lord, save lis from the Turk, the
comet and the devil." It was at this
time that the noonday call to prayer
by the ringing of church bells was in
troduced, which lias never been aban
doned. In 17.10 the comet first came
tUo head cau
recognized as quite
distant from the tail and a bright core
at the center of the head called the
nucleus. Great comets like Ilalley's
are described as presenting a head as
large as the moon, shining with the
brightness of Venus and stretching out
tlie tail over one-third of the sky. Ilal
ley's comet has shown a tail forty-five
degrees long, which is equal to a pro
cession of ninety full moons. As It
does not always appear the same, it is
likely on the present occasion to have
a length either greater or less.
Peril In Its Head.
The head of a comet is the dangerous
part, consisting probably of a mass of
particles like stones, held together by
their mutual gravitation. The increas
ing heat of In? sun as it approaches that
body develops vapors, which envelop
the nucleus and are driven back into
space in the form of the tail. It is note
worthy that the tail always streams
away from the sun, going before tho
head when the sun retires into space.
This, so long a mystery, is now be
lieved to be due to the pressure of light
from the sun. so great a force that not
less than 70.000 tons of it ever rest
upon the earth's surface. The tail Is
extremely thin, so that the faintest
stars can be seen through a million
miles of its thickness. The earth has
once or twice passed through a comet's
tail and suffered no harm. If, how
ever, there should occur a head-on col
lision with the nucleus it would not
only be the end of the comet, but might
seriously damage if not ruin the earth.
If nothing more, it would be likely to
Introduce noxious gases into our at
mosphere, which would as swiftly pro
duce death as the descending fumes of
Mont I'eke. We have already shown
that no collision is possible with Hal
ley's comet, nor as long as we believe
that human history is yet to be con
summated and that a divine plan lies
back of the universe can we indulge in
now antiquated fears. Nothing is less
probable, even astronomically, than a
cometary collision. However, there Is
some ground for believing that in that
strange curiosity of the plains, Coon
Butte, Ariz., we have the evidence that
just once a comet struck tho earth, but
if so, whether before or after the ad
vent of man, we have no means of
Ilalley's comet will not be an appari
tion of a moment, like a meteor, nor
of a week or two, like the moon. Ou
its last appearance it was visible the
larger part of a year, and certainly for
months we shall have our sky, partly
at night and partly in the morning,
transformed by the presence of this
not unwelcome stranger. It will be
seen the world over. Peary at the
north pole and Shaekleton at the south
pole would each bo cheered by its
radiance, and seventy-five years hence
a very few very old men will trem
blingly point to the heavens and say
that in their youth they saw yonder
spectacle once before.
COOK'S POLAR ^BEAR FIGHT.
North Polo Finder's Adventure In the
On one occasion when he was pro
ceeding south after the discovery of
the north pole I)r. Frederick A. Cook
liad an exciting adventure with a po
lar bear, lie had drawn the canvas
boat upon the ice, and the Eskimos had
•,'one in search of game, leaving tho
doctor alone and without weapons or
.imiuuuition. The only food he had
left was tlie shoulder of a seal which
he was keeping for an emergency.
Dr. Cook, who was asleep in the
boat, was suddenly awakened and saw
:i few yards away a bear sniffing
about. Finally it pushed its nose in
inquisitive fashion into the boat where
Dr. Cook was lying. The explorer was
scared, but he seized a runner of a
sled and hit tho bear. This frightened
the animal, but it returned and was
about to attack when Dr. Cclok shout
ed loudly and advanced upon it, flour
ishing the sled runner as he went.
This demonstration so impressed the
animal that it turned tail and fled.
Later it was killed by tho Eskimos.
After this Dr. Cook never remained
Canary Colored Railroad Cars.
Canary yellow has been adopted as
the standard color for the coaches, re
frigerator cars and all other box cars
used iu the passenger service on the
I'auama railroad. Tests to ascertain
the color best suited to withstand the
local climatic conditions, which are
unusually hard on exterior paints,
were made with the result that yellow
was demonstrated a superior lasting
quality over the other colors tried.
A Scalded Boy's Shrieks
horrified his grandmother, Mrs. Maria
Taylor, of Nebo, K'y., who writes that,
when all through he would die, Buck
len's Arnica Salve wholly cured him.
Infallible for Burns, Scalds, Cuts,
Corns, Wounds, Bruises. Cures Fever
Sores, Boils, Skin Eruptions, Chil
blains, Chapped Hands. Soon routs
Piles. at P. A. Cleinmer's.
Cattle for Sale.
2-1 Cows acd Heifers
1 Herd Bull -1 years old
1 Extra Fine Bull Calf, old enough
to serve in March
5 Spring and Summer Calves.
Every one over one year old is
registered and the calves will be when
These Cattle will be sold at private
sale in numbers to suit purchaser. Mr.
Franklin, who has been on my farm
for nearly 15 years, is in poor health
and cannot continue the business, so 1
am going to sell all the stock. This
stock can be seen on my farm i) mill
northeast of Elma and 4* miles west oi
Schley. 1 expect to be at tho farm
personally, from Oct. 20th to Nov. 5th.
Mr. Franklin & Son will always be
here to show the stock. They are well
posted as to price, age, registration,
etc. You can get a bargain in the
purchase of these ^Cattle. Here is a
good chance to start a small herd
cheap. 1 have been raising cattle for
a long time and 1 have selected the
Galloway because of their hardiness
in size am
uciauou ui 1.1H.-II iiaixuness
1 quality they are so uniform
ml color—are excellent cattle.
Look for notice of Public Sale of
Grade Cattle, Horses, and Hogs
GEORGE W, MERRY
MAXIMUM TARIFF FORCE
FRENCH DRESSES AND GOOD
WINE WILL COST MORE.
Agreement of France and America
Came to an End the First of
Paris, Nov. 2.—The government has
begun to apply maximum rates on
American importations. The tariff
agreement between the two govern
ments expired Nov. 1. The intimation
containeu in some special news dis
patches that the L'nited States govern
ment would seek a method of retalia
tion if France offered its maximum
rates on American goods pending a
new tariff agreement, has caused a
painful impression here. If, as inti
mated, Washington threatened to In
voke the sweeping clauses of the
adulterated food and drug act to plare
French wines under the ban, the sit
uation would become forthwith acute.
The negotiations which Ambassador
Jusserand is prepared to undertake
would be seriously prejudiced.
The application of the maximun
rate of the French tariff to American
products now enjoying the benefit ol
minimum rates, will represent an in
crease of from 33 to 212 per cent.
Certain products of France which
have enjoyed the minimum rates o)
the Dingley law, though getting the
benefit of the minimum rales of the
Payne law, will be subjected to in
creased duty ranging from 29 to 6C
The increases on various American
articles substantially are as follows:
Manufactured ami prepared porli
m^ats, 100 per cent.
Tanned moats. 33 per cent.
Lnrd. (»0 ]v?r cent.
Fruits, 200 per cent.
Dried or pressed fruits, 50 per cent
Common woods, 54 per e^nt.
Paving blocks. 43 per cent.
Staves. 07 per r«-nt.
Hops. 50 per cent.
Petroleum, all classes. 100 per cent.
Heavy oils and residues of petroleum
33 per cent.
The increases on French products
In the main are as follohvs:
Brandies, 49 per cent.
Still wines and vermuths. 29 per cent.
Champagne and all other sparkling
wines, 60 per cent.
The imports into the United States
from France of dutiable articles dur
ing the fiscal year of 1908, amounted
to $12,173,481, Including:
I2.822.0S9 for art works.
$1.020.«24 for argols.
$1,977,977 for spirits.
$5,201,230 for champagne and other
sparkling: wines. I
for still wines. 1
The French imports from the Unit
ed States aggregated during the same
period, $20,281,212. These included:
Pork meats. $t25,899.
Tanned meats. $388,702.
dried and pressed,
Common woods, paving blocks and
Mineral oils, $11,018,118.
Heavy ells and residues of pettro
Torturing eczema spreads its burning
area every day. Doan's Ointment!
quickly stops its spreading, instantly
relieves the itching, cures it perma-!
nentiy. At any drug store. I
Sloan's Liniment is the best
remedy for sprains and bruises.
It quiets the pain at once, and
can be applied to the tenderest
part without hurting because it
doesn't need to be rubbed all
you have to do is to lay it on
lightly. It is a powerful prepa
ration and penetrates instantly
relieves any inflammation and con
gestion, and reduces the swelling.
Here's the Proof.
Mr. L. ROLAND, Bishop of Scran
ton. Fa. says:—"On the th of
this present month, as I was leaving
the building at noon for lunch. I
slipped and fell, spraining my wrist.
1 returned in the afternoon, and at
four oVlinik I could not hold a pen
cil in my hand. 1 returned home
later and purchased a bottle of
and used it five or six times before
I went to bed, and the next day I
was able to go to work and use my
hand as usual."
Largest Number of Loaves
Get a Sack and Prove It
How many dollars do you pay
out in a year for flour?
It is one nf the big expenses of
Zephyr Flour will save you at
least ten per cent your usual
outlay for ordinary flour. Fig
ure what thai means to you.
Buy the same amount of
flour. But Zephyr Flour will
make the largest number
of loaves possible to any
flour. This is the reason:
It is ground from specially
(•II 7rMMM«i -.s Stlcttcd KflfiSHS Ildnl h^iit
It is the only flour sold under a money-back
guarantee. It is ground bv clean water power—
thus saving fuel expense. The saving goes into
Zephyr I* lour Quality. Try 24 pounds at our risk.
Order a 48-pound saek from your dealer today.
If you do not find it just as guaranteed after
using 24 pounds send the remaining half back and
get all your money. Any of the follow,ni? will
Alliance Merc. Association, Cresco
H. P. Anderson & Co.,Lime Springs
E. D. Capper Chester
takes up the moisture
and mnkes the most
loaves, and the best bread.
Try it and see.
CMIC.AUO. FIIEE EXHIBIT—AONIC^TVUAL PHO0UGT*
tk ST IMlVL- VIHlTOMtt WKI.COM-IDAHO**WASHINGTON.
This exhibit ear will be at the
ST. PAI RAILWAY
CHICAGO, MILWAUKEE &
Lime Springs, Monday, November 15
Cresco, Tuesday, November 16
You are cordially invited to inspect
the various exhibits of farm products
which it contains. Admission free.
In Montana, along the new line to the Pacific Coast —the CIIICA'C'.O,
MILWAUKEE & PUUET SOUND RAILWAY—are thousands of acres of fer
tile GOVEKNMKNT HOMESTEAD LANDS. Get one of these homesteads
while you can. Descriptive literature free.
K. A. MILLKK. liriirrnl I'usscujfur Ajfunt, (»Ko. It. HAYNKS, IimniKmtioii Agent,
is an excellent anti
killer— heals cuts,
burns, wounds and
contusions, and will
from sting of poi
NIOUII'M liook on
how*, cuttle, nheep
«inl poultry dent
Dr. Earl S. Sloan,
Boston, Mass., U.S.A.
OW yuu can
suite pressed every
week at the rate of
CI I'ER MONTH
a so a
shine every day
Up stairs, tilth door north
of tlie Post Ofliee
Chicago. 7"o Murqut'tti' HMg., Chicago.
Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railway.
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