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Demoine courier. (Ottumwa, Iowa) 1854-1856, June 22, 1854, Image 1

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gtmoint CLoucin,
By n. H. WAKDO.
I mm
OM copy per year, $1 BO
o o o i e s 5 0 0
December 15th, 1863.
If 00
Twenty" 84 00
Where payment is not made in advance, $2
within eix month* $2 50 within the year and
$) at tlie expiration of the year.
For one square (12 lines) in insertion, fl,00
Each additional insertion, 50
One column, per year, 40,00
One half column, per year- 24,00
One fourth 12,00
Patent Medicines, per column,yearly 50,00
lusinsss and Professional Cards, not making
than 8 lines, $5 per year.
1 advertisements, handed in without having
lumber of insertions marked thereon, will
iblishf-d till ordered out and charged for
Business Cards,
boy of industrious and moral habits, who
cat read and write well, and who is from 16
18 years of age, is wanted at this Office, to
learn the Printing Business. Apply immediate
ly, if you want a good situation.
We have added to our Office a large supply
of Job Type of the latest and neatest styles,
and are now prepared to print Handbills, Cir
culars, Blanks, and Business Cards, in the neat
est style, and most expeditious manner.
WILL commence on Monday, August 2nd,
.1854, for the Term of sixteen weeks.
The Board of Trustees have divided the year
into three equal sessions.
Terms of Tuititmptr Sittion:
Spelling, Reading &. Writing, $3 00
Arithmetic, Geography and F-ngliah
Grammar, ... 4 00
Higher branches—Mathematics Lan
guages, &c., &c., 6 00
One half to be paid ny the middle and the
balance at the expiration of the term.
LEWIS DWIGIiT,Principal.
•'ISRAEL YOUNG, Treasurer.
JOHN BUTLER, Secretary.
Ashland, Wapello Co., June 15,1854.t4
Taylor & Williamson,
CO-PARTNERS in the practice of
Medicine. Office and Residences on Second
^trcM-t. Ottumwa. Jan. 5lli,
HAVING permanently located
in Ottumwa, offers his services to
the citizens of town and vicinity.
All work warranted. Ladies waited on at their
residences if desired. Teeth inserted from one
to an entire set, either by means of springs or
atmospheric pressure. If*' nifv be found at the
I N ION HOTEL, on the 1st Monday in the month.
G3TWE would respectfully inform the in
liaoiiants of Ottumwa and vicinity that WOOD
& HAWKINS have formed a co-partnership in
the practice of medicine and Surgery, and are
prepared to attend all calls in the line of their
Punctual attendance and reasona-
^One or both may be found at iheir office, or at
liieir residences when not absent on business.—
Dr. Hawkin's residence—in the house formerly
«.: upied by aiiies Baker.
November 24
th, 1853.
Henry B. llciilir«iiott,
Cy WILL attend to business in the Courts
of ail the counties in Southern Iowa, and in
the Supreme Court at Iowa City.
Persons wishing lo purchase or rent land or
town property are informed that he has the agen
cy and management of Bitch goed property,
«'both in town and country.
March 16th, 1854.-ly
Sc 111.
/jy WILL practice in the Courts of Wap
ello, Jefferson, Van Huren, Davis, Appanoose,
'.Monroe Lucas, Marion and Mahaska.
Having the advantage of a long residence in
the valley they will give particular attention to
Securing and collecting claims, sale of War
rants, Entries of land on time, buying and sell
ing Real Estate, Settlement of Titles, payment
of Taxes, &.c. February l(tb 1854.
D. F. Gaylord
(^TTILL attend to making sale of personal
iroperty or Real Estate, at auction at any time,
or a reasonable compensation. He may be
...found in Ottumwa, unless absent on business.
,V May 16th, 1851.
Friendship Division, No. 39.
MEBTS Monday evenings, at the Hall
i\iain street, at 7 o'clock P. M. Brethren
other Divisions, who are in good standing,
i invited to attend. W. J. ROSS, W. P.
Estray Notice.
TAKEN UP, befwre Hugh Con
nelly, Esq., a Justice of the Peace
in and for said County, on he 5th
•day of May, A. D. 1&54, by John
I. Carter, of Pleasant Township, at his resi
lence therein, Estray property of the following
Jescription, to-wit: A bay horse, about 10 years
bid, saddle marked on either side of thg blK'k
yiazein the face—lume in the right forefoot—
sme white hairs on both sides of the neek—
apposed that he will not work—about fourteen
lands high, and appraised at forty-five dollars,
Samuel Robertson and Willliam A. Mace.
JOSEPH HAYNE, County Clerk,
Ottumwa, May 31, ls54.2im3 W. C. loa.
THE UNDERSIGNED, will be at Ottuna
va on the 22d of uly, prepared to do any kind
repairing in the watch maker line. Persons
fishing Watches or Clocks repaired will leave
|»cm with JOHN J. ADAMS,Ottumwa, Iowa.
airfield, une 2d,
1854. tf
JUSTICES NOTICES, Constable's Sales,
"4 Blank Notes neatly printed, for sale at the
ourier Office. June 22d, 1863.
iek Wmk mbcripttf*
Herrick is cue of the most gspuint of our
poets, and the quairifneps of his expressions of
ten lends an interest and even a grace to his
verses. Like atl th-» poets of his era, that gol
den age of English poetry, he overflows with
love for Nature, and revels in description of her
charms. Ilow beautiful are these stanzas:
Fair pledges of a fruitful tree,
Why do ye fall so fast?
Your date is not so past,
But you may stay here yet awhile,
To blush and gently aaile,
And go at last
What! were ye born to be
An hoar or half's delight,
And so to bid good night?
'Tis pity nature brought ye forth
Merely to show yuux worth,
And lose you quite.
But you are lovely lea ve?, where we
May read how soon things have
Their end, though ne'er so brave:
And after they hare shown their pride
Like you awhile they glide
Into the grave.
Beneath this stone, in sweet repose,
Is laid a mother's dearest pridej
A flower tliat scarce had waked to life,
And light and beauty, ere it died.
Cod in his wisdom has recalled
The precious boon his love had given:
And though the casket moulders here,
The Gem is sparkling now in Heaven.
Lfqaor Prohibition la 1774
The resolution, that follows, will show
the public sentiment of statesmen, be
fore the declaration of American Inde
IitsGlved, That it be recommended
to the several Legislatures of the United
States immediately to pass laws, the
most effectual, for putting an immediate
stop to the pernicious practice of dis
tilling, by which the most extensive-e
vils are likely to he derived, if not quick
ly prevented. Journal of the first Con
tinental Congress.
This strikes nt tho root of the evil.—
As early as 1774, in the first Continental
Congress of America, the "practice of
distilling" is called '••pernicious
What would one of the sages of that day,
it alive, now say, when whiskey, in
some larjje markets in the Union, is as
reguhtrly quoted as any article of mer
chandize,— as 'easy* or ••heavy" in the
sale? Jr. Cincinnati, Louisville and St.
Louis, it is next to money, and bread
stall's, in the quotation of the market.
Hut the point of this Congressional
resolution i* PitomnrrioN, the very doc
trine now so extensively advocated, and
adopted in live or six States. And for it,
these States have the recommendation
of the Kevoiutionary worthies of 1774
and 1776. It is no novelty, then, but an
old doctrine of Congress, and of the
country. Would that it had been every
wheie in the colonies (afterward States.)
thus early approveiland adopted as Stale
policy, to prohibit the manufacture, as
well as the sale of alcoholic liquors, as
a beverage! Here, in Iowa, distilleries
are few, and the soonet their fires are ex
tinguished, the better it will b*. Not
long since, the show bill (an old one) of
a distillety at JLchestcr, Cedar County,
was sent hither, doubtless, for comment,
it being lodged in the post office.
Now, the only comment needed is, to
sUte the fact, that where distilleries
exist, temperance does not prosper. At
Rochester, the Sons have gone down,
(or had lately,) in their division, dtbt
for their temperance papers, which last
circumstance, (their $4,00 indebtedness,)
is a mutter of less moment than the de
prt ssion of the temperance cause, EH a
consequence. The same is true at Mont
rose —the Sons are prostrated and in
dtbt. Let the menot temperance, there
fore, $t Hoehester and Montrose, in
boasted "OidJ Cedar," and "Empire
Lee" county nwuke to their duly, and
the fiies oi the distillery will die out,
by a resolution of Iowa Legislature like
that of the Congress of 1774 provided
abo, that other counties, where distiller
ies exist, and ail throughout this Slate,
likewise arise in the majesty of freemen,
resolved to assert the liberty ol legisla
tion for the good of the commonwealth.
—Iowa Stale Journal,
A CDRIOSITY.-—The Yarmouth Reg
ister states that a gentleainn of that
place, recently attempted to pick a dead
gull on the fiats in the harbor, but found
the bill to be firm!} fixed in the sand.—
On digging down, it was found to be
held last by a large sea clam. The vic
tim of misplaced confidence probably at
tempted lo gull the shelly gentleman
out of a dinner, end after having "intro
duced his bill," had "leave to withdraw"
refused him.
BP*A. C. Dodge has been oa» vieit to
Burlington, for the purpose of taking
his family on to Washington City so
says the t»azeUe. Perhaps he has a
notion of abandoning Iowa altogether
and going.South. His southern friends,
doubtless, would rather have him remain
a citizen of Iowa, if he could hold on to
a seat in the Senate. He would be of
more service to them.-—-Fairfield Led
Mr. II v n n i oia jl»i
dca Treaty.
The Secret motive for the Ne
braska Pressure.
[Trom the Congressional reports of the Wash
ing on Globe, May 20,1851.]
Mr. Knox was assigned the floor.
Mr. Wright, of Pennsylvania—If the
gentleman from Illinois will give way
for a moment, I will move that the com
mittee take a recess until seven o'clock.
Mr. Benton—If no gentleman want*
the floor now, I wish to occupy it for
about 'en n inutes.
mittec will be willing that the gentleman
from Missouri (Mr. Benton) may pro
ceed, he Kay do so.
The gentleman from llliooie yielded
the floor, and general assent was given
to the gentleman froiu Missouri to pro
Mr. Benton said: Mr. Chairman, I
have nothing more to say to this bill on
account of its interference with the Mis
souri Compromise. On that point 1
have spoken my share, and shall not re
eurto it again. I pass on to a new point
—one significantly revealed to us some
ten days ago by a representative from
Georgia, the member from the first Con
gressional District of that State, (Mr.
Seward.) Thai gentleman spoke a
gainst the bill in a way entirely accord
ant to my own opinions: but came to
the conclusion that he would vote for it,
and gave his reason# for doing so reas
ons which hail not been mentioned bv
any oilier speaker, and which struck
me as momentous, and worthy to arrest
the attention of the House and of the
He objects to the bill becauso it is un
founded and contradictory in its state
ments and assumptions—inconsistent
with itself, with the act of 1820, and
with acts of 1830—because it was man
ufactured for a particular purpose, and
is of no value in itself to the slave
States but which commands his support,
ag a Southern man, on account of its ul
terior operations, as containing a princi
ple to be asserted in future, and which
was put into the bill to bccomc the basis
of some grand movement in this coun
try. I will read what he said, as the
proper way of doing justicn to his clear
and well expressed opinions—to his mo
mentous rerelations—and as the best
way of availing invselt of his important
declarations. I find thfm thus in the
official copy of the speech:
"1 oppose the details of thic-bill, be
cause they are not consistent with them
selves or with the transactions to which
they relate and the biii itself shows
that it was manufactured for a particular
purpose. Some ol the clauses embra
ced in it, conflicting as they are, were in
troduced for the purpose, in my opinion,
of setting up a principlato be asserted in
future, and which the aits of 1850 nev
er contained. Now, sir, let us see.-—
We are called upon here now to vote
for this biit, which is not drafted in the
ordinary shape of legislation. But the
trainers of this bill, have furnished the
reason, wiihin the bill itself, and which
they call upon us to subscribe to. What
is it? They tell us that the law of 1820,
being inconsistent with the legislation of
1850, therefore that the act of 1820 is
inoperative snd void. I lake issye with
them nnd, for myself, occupying my po
sition as a Southern nan, I never have
subscribed, never will, and never can
subscribe to the doctrines contained in
the aeis of 1850. Mj objections to the
acts of 1850 are known at home. They
are recorded in the proceedings oi the
convention which took place in Georgia
in 1850. I was a member of that con
vention. 1 voted ngainsl the Georgia
platform on principle. And now, when
The Chairman—^Tb« gentleman trom
Illinois (Mr. Knox) is entitled to the
floor the Chair having recognized him.
If the gemJeonn from Illinois %ill yield! county alone but the holder of slaves
the floor for ten minutes, and if the com
that portion of the South, having feel- I
ings in common with me on this ques
tion, have waived their objections to it
for the purpose of uniting with the
South, and harmonizing public feeling
on this ureal question, it is put in here
as the babis of some grand movement
in this country. 1 know not what that
movement is."
I concur in the truth and justice of
everything which the member from
Georgia has here saiil, but differ Irom
him in the conclusion to which he ar
rives—that t»f voting for the biil and
find in bis reasons for that vote, addi
tional reasons for mv own vote against
it but he votes cs a southern man, and
voles sectiotially. 1 also ain a South
ern man, but vote nationally on national
questions. He sees in it a principle set
up which is fa'se and useless in its ap-
plication to Nebraska, but which is to which the member Iroin Georgia gave
be asserted in future, and which is put
into the bill as the basis of some grand denied. According to him, and accord
impending movement in this country.—
Of the nature ol this movement, which i** only an entering wedge to future en
is to be so grand, and at the same time I terprises—a thing manufactured for a
sectional, ihe member declares himself particular purpose a stepping stone to a
to be ignorant and that ignorance, I i grand movement which is to develop it
would suppose, should be a reason for
^amilii |trtuspapar--"-Sfliciteff to ^Jolittrs, \£fntral ftelus, Agriculture, (timnttioit, Hturluts, fcc.
VOL, 6. NO. 23, OTTUMWA, IOWA, THURSDAY, JUNE 22, 1854. WHOLE NO. 283.
i.i'l ri.erM.'in!, an,! which 11 -«'iv wiii
I explain to uie, and winch, according to
my own short anti dubious iigh'j, is
(dangerous to the peace aod honor of the
'country. 1 believe in the futility of this
Kill—its absolute futility to the slave
holding States—ami that not a single
slave will ever be held in Kansas or Ne
braska under it, (even admitting it to be
passed.) Though adapted to slave la
bor in two cf its great staples, (hemp
and tobacco.) 1 do not bnlieve that slaves
will ever be held there. The popular
vote will expel ibem.
Kansas is contiguous to middle and
Southern Missouri, where slave trade is
profitable, and slaves held in great num
bers—a single owner, wiihin two hours'
ride of the line, holding one hundred
more than the fire hundred of Randolph
of Roanoke: and five thousand in his
1 ave
but one vote, am! wili be beat at
the polls by the many who hare none.
In relation to Kanst* and Nebraska,
then, 1 hold the bill to be a deception
and a cheat—what gamesters call gam
mon, congressmen call buncocrbe, and
•eamcn u tub to the whale that is to
say, an ambidextrous operation upon the
senses of confiding people, by which
they are made to see what is not, and
•ot to see what is. This is what I be
lieve and not being obliging enough to
join in a scheme of self deception, or lo
suffer a gaiuc of deception to be played
upon me, I must now turn my back tip
on the illusions of this Nebraska bill, and
took out for its real object—the particu
lar purpose for which it was manufac
tured, and the grand movement of which
it is to be the basis.
In this Kearcii I naturally look about
into the signs and rumors of the times,
and into the contemporaneous events
which may conncct themselves with the
grand movement in question and think
I find in them two diplomatic missions,
of which the country has heard much—
but not all. 1 speak upon rumor, but
neither tell, nor believe the half of what
1 hear: but believe enough to excite ap
prehension, and to justify inquiry
What is a state secret in the Washing
ton City is street talk in the city of Mon
First. The mission of Mr. Gadsden
to Santa Anna. It mu3t have been con
ceived about the time that this bill was
and, according to transpiring accounts,
must have been a grand movement in
itself—$5,000,000 for as much Mexi
can territory as would make five or six
states of the first class. The area of
the acquisition, 1 understand it, was
to extend from.sea to sea, on a line that
would give us Santander, Monterey, Sal
tillo, Parras, Sonera and nil Lower Cali
fornia. This was certainly a large
movement, both in point of money and
of territory, and also large in political
consequence and clearly furnishing a
theatre for the doctrine of non interven
tion, if there should be any defi!ii to
couvert-ihe newly-acquired tetriloiy from
free soil, that is, into slave to.l, that it
might be desired to be. Here, then, 1
believe I have found one branch of the
grand movement and although Mr.
Gadsden returned froin his mission, with
a small slice of the desired terrttory, yet
he has returned to his post and may
have better luck on a second trial—if
Santa Anna escapes from tho speckled
Indians (Los lndios Pintos) who have
hun at bay in the Sierra. 1 say nothing
on the merits of this new acquisition,
only that it is an old acquaintance with
me having first heard of it in November,
1840, a"d afterwards in March, 1848—
at which latter time it was proposed in
the Senate, (oy Ur. Davis of .Mississip
pi,) or. the ratification of the Guadalupe
Hidalgo treaty an.d rejected by the Sen
ate. 1 voted against the Santander and
Monterey line then, and have not seen
ciuse to change my opiuion. [llere
Mr. Benton read the article proposed by
Mf. Davis for the utw line.J
Secondly. The mission of Mr.
Soule to Madrid—also u grand move
ment in itself, if reports be true-—two
hundred and fifty millions for Cuba and
i rum us kicked up if the island is not
got. Here again might be found a case
for lha
non intervention principle but of
that I say nothing, because 1 know noth
ing and wish to know something. Of
the acquisition itself, I say nothing now,
but did say something about forty-four
years ago in n Nashville newspaper'
published by Thomas Eastin. called the
Impartial Review in which I discussed
Cuba as the geographical appurtenance]
of the valley ol the Mississippi, and*
eventually to become its political appur
tenance but to begot with honor when
ever it was got and in all that faith 1 re
main firm. No dishonor! no sta^n on
the bright aud spotless fame left us by
our fathers!
Mr. Chairman, I discuss nothing in
relation to those rumored acquisitions of
the Uland of Cuba and a broad side of
Mexico I oidy call attention to thetn as
probable indexes \o the grand movement
the revelation, and wl iclt no one has
'k' n oiii c' tti" h'f,r u!i(i'.',t' to the gen
tlemen irom Illinois?
Tin Chairin tn -The gentleman from
Missouri occupied wenty minutes. As
a matter ot course, that timo must be
taken out of the hour allowed to the gen
tleman ffom lilinoM. It is distinctly un
•ierstood that the chair did not authorize
the gentleman from Missouri to take the
floor from the gentleman from Illinois.
Mr. Knox.—I am very happy in hav
ing yielded to the Gentleman froin Mis
potiii so much o! my t!me,,-oet?atiso what
he may have said is of far greater inter
est and of far mora importance to the
country, than any poor remarks of mipe
would have been.
[This declaration was greeted with
warm applause.]
manufacture of II. K. Irofe
The extent to which Rail Road Iron
is manufactured in the United States, is
hardly understood. There arc now 10
manufactories, asfollowc
Montour Iron Wark« Danvillr,
Rough mad Ready, Danville,
Lackawana, Scranton, Pa.,
Phonnix Iron Works, PhccniK*
ville. Pa.,
Safe Harbor, Safe Harbor, Pa.»
Great W es'ern, Brady's Bend*
New Works, Pittsburgh, Pa.»
Potts ville Iron Works, Pott**
ville. Pa
Cambria Iron Works, Cambria,
Trenton Works,Trenton,N.J.
Massachusetts Iron Work*»
Boston, Mass.,
Mt. Savago Iron Works, M*
Richmond Mill, Richmond, Va.
Washington Mill, Wheeling,
Crescent Works, Wheeling,V4.
New Mill, Portsmouth, Ohio,
PoMsville, at Pottsville, Pa.
y beiief, tnis Nebraska bill
holding back from a bill which commits know, to enable me to discharge my du
its supporter* to great unknown things.
That is the way it works with ine.
1 am also ignorant, that is to.say, un
informed of this grand movement which
is to be in this country but 1 believe in
nnd so believing am the more against
country of ours. I wish to
ties understt'.ndingly and I respectfully
crave the information from those who
have the conducting of the bill.
Mr. Smith of Virginia.—I would like
to know, Mr. Chairman, how much of
this time consumed in the remarks of
MHr agatoei anyUiuif tktii fcntleiftc* Mwewui trf three keadred poende.
6,000 I
Total, 100,000
These worka require of raw material,
213,333 tons of pig iron, 840,000 tons
of coal, 550,000^ tons of iron ore, and
513,333 tons ot limestone. The sev
eral companies have a capital of S10,
000,000, support a population of U2,
500 persons, and consume in breadstuff*
alone 6i,G2r\000. Tho most extensive
of these works is the Phcenix, at PhtE
nixville. Pa., and the least.•$* fc
The Lou is ville Journal regrets the
passage of the Nebraska Bill, because
it will increase the anti-slavery strength
of the North, and will lead vo the form
ation of a party which will oppose the
admission of any more slave States,
and will apply the Wilmot Proviso to
all new Territory. The Journal says,
that if a party intent on such purposes
shall so far succeed at the North as to
obtain the power of control in Congress
at any future time, the Union will be
Whereupon, the editor of the Cleve
land Herald brings his fiat down on the
table, and says:
The South may dissolve the Union
just as soon as they please. The North
can stand it just as long as the South
can, and we believe a little longer. We
tell the Louisville Journal that "no more
slave territory" is the fighting motto of
tho North that to accomplish this we
will bury party lines deeper than plum
met ever souuded and if the South in
tended to withdraw when we have the
power to accomplish the purposes we
seek, they \vi save time by going now.
Belore they start, however, it will be
weil for them to peer into the future, and
see where tbey will land. Threats of
disunion have lost their virtue it is a
com we have done taking at the North
the Souiii have yelled "bear" too many
times. The North is neither to be coax
ed or frightened it has been shamefully
betrayed and stricken down, and it is
determined to right the wrong and abide
"You say you have confidence in the
plaintiff, Mr. Smith?"
"Yes, sir."
"State to the Court, if you please,
what caused this feeling of confidence."
"Why, you see, sir there's allers re
ports'bout eatin' house njen, an' 1 used
to kinder think-—"
"Never mind what yoa thought—tell
us what you know."
"Well, sir, one day I goes down to
Cooken's shop, an' sez to the waiter,
waiter sez 1, give's a weal pie."
"Well, sir,proceed."
"Well, just then Mr. Gooken comes
up, an' m.z he, how du, Smith, what ye
going to htv?"
"Weal pie, sez I.**
"Good," sez he, "I'll take one tu,M«•
he sets down an* eitu one of his own
weal pies right aforo me."
"Did ihut cause your confidence in
"Yceiodeed sir, when an eatm' house
keeper seta down afore his customers
an' deliberately eats oneofhis own weal
pies, uo tnau can t-efi|se to feel confidence
—it shows him to be an hone»t man."
t3T"I have not loved lightly," the
man thought when he married a widow
Utuiii utitl Iitiri-.il ol (tie Missouri
The final b'.o.v w s inflicted on the
venerable Missouri Compromise on last
Thursday night, and this ancient Pacifi
cator of the country, this healer «.Jf dis
cord, this friend of the Union, was dis
patched in the Senate lIou«e a little after
midnight by a majority of almost three
to one. This ancient pact had fulfilled,
i is true, in all substantial ends, its mis
sion of peace. But we should have
been glad, for the good it had done, had
it been permitted to live until an old age
had closed its blameless life. Feeling
thus, how could we, without gtief and
repugnance, see it hurried out of the
world by ihe hand of violence? Grati
tude to the service it had done the State,
and respect for the memory of Ihe pat
riotic and virtuous men who gave it be
ing, to say nothing of the sanctions of
honor by which it was surrounded, had
inspired us wi a veneration for this old
compromise, the earliest and most im
portant since that of the Constitution.—
We witnessed its birth with joy, and re
member the universal content it spread
through the land but we little thought
we should live to witness its death, still
less to tee it strangled in the place of
its birth. All for what? Cun any man
tell? Do not those—many of them at
least—who have given their voices for
its repeal, deny that it is demanded by
any essential or practical object? Were
its repeal justified by one high consid
eration of Slate or public good, or had it
been demanded by any singie section,
public meeiinir, association, county, town
or hamlet in the whole country, the sac
rifice might be at least extenuated. On
the contrary, it is admitted to have been
alike unnecessary and uncalled for.—
Nothing then is gained by i: nothing, at
leai', that should weigh as the dust of
the balance. But how much, alas, is
lost! Who.can penetrate the future to
tell the distant consequences of this
week's work in Congress? We speak
now to those who love the Union of the
States. To the men of passion, lo sec
tional patriot's, to those who are ever
"calculating the value of the Union,"
who reason by imputations, and whose
highest flight of argument reaches only
the le^el of impeachment of motives
to such we should deem it a waste of time
and of courtesy to address a word on
this occasion. But to the gentlemen of
the South who think that there is some
thing to respect and esteem beyond Ala
son aud Dixon's Une who have some
veneration for ihe glories of Lexington
and Saratoga as weil as those of King's
Mountain and Eutaw who look at the
Stars and Stripes with alTection, ar.d
think there is something in this Union to
be proud of and to staud by—to such,
we say, a monstrous mistake has been
commuted not a fatal, we hope and trust,
but a fearful one. Ah! hud you, when
this deceitful boon was tendered you,
only said, "No the compromise may
'have been unsanctioned by the Consti
'tulion it may have beeu unjust to the
•South, but was the only mode of accom
'modaling a most threatening difficulty
was adopted by the joint counsels of
uhe North and South it was a compact
'of mutual concession it was agreed to
'by men as wise, as firm, and patriotic
'as ourselves it has stood long it has
'performed its benign office and ahho'
'it mt^hl have beeu unjust to us, we will
'not umhonor those wtio framed and rat
ified it there is nothing now to be gain
'td or lost by it a bargain is a bargain
'let it stand." Gentlemen, had you an
swered thus, instead of breaking the seal
of that old compact, you would have
riveted the North to you, not with hooks
oi steel, but links of iron cable, and the
forms of Abolitionism and Free
soilisin would never more have reared
their heads high enough to disturb for a
moment the public councils of the coun
try. It would have been the death knell
of both. You would have made one
country and one people, indissolubly nnd
forever. But you have won a victory
and one hundred cannon were fired in
the dead of the night in honor of it!—
hands might doubtless have been found
quite as ready to apply the match to cel
ebrate the defeat of the bill, had it been
given out that the administration was
opposed to it instead of being in its fa
vor. "The king's name is a tower of
strength." Gentlemen, you have won a
rtctcry it was the pride of victory prob
ably which hurried many of you for
ward in the fight, and, instead of re
counting the blessed fruits which it will
bring to the victors, it will be fortunate
for tho«e who are to come after us if hi*
tory shall give as innocent an aecount of
it as is found in the stu^fvuof the poet
which follows:
It was a summer's eveaiag,
Old Gasper's work was done,
And be belore his cottage door
Was sitting in the sun
Anil by him sported on the green
His litlle grand-child Wiltu lmine.
She saw her brother Peterkin
Rolling something large and round,
That he bes'ule the rivulet
In playing there had found
She came to know what he had founil
That was so light, and large, and ro
Old Gasper took it from the boy,
W ho stood expectant by,
And tlitu the old man shook his head,
And with a aat'ral *igh,
some poor fellow's skull"said be,
"Who fell iu the great victory.
"I find ihem in the garden, for
There's many hereabout
And often when I go to plough,
The ploughshare turns them out:
For many thousand men," said he,
"Were"slain in the great victory."
tell us what twas all abort,"
Young l'eterkin he cries:
J«t litR* Wllheloaine looks op,
With woiidor-'A ailing eyes:
"Now tell us all about the war,
And what they kill'd each other
"It was the English." Gasper cried,
''That put the French to rout
But what they killVl each other for
I could not. well make out
But every body said," quoth he,
'•It was a famous victory!
''They say it was a shocking sight
After the field was won
For many thousand bodies here
Lav rotting in the sun
But things like these you know must be
After a famous victory.
"Great praise the Duke of Marlbro' won
And our good prince Eugene
"iVliv. 'twas a very wicked thing!"
Said little Wilhclmine.
"Nay, nay, my littl« girl," quoth he,
"It was a famous victory.
"And every body prais'd the Oaks
Who such a fight did win."
"But what good came of it at last?**
Quoth Little Peterkin.
that I cannot tell," quoth he
"Bat 'twas a famous victory P*
Brighao. Young, in his addreee tehis
people, speaks ihus of his authority:
"I have no feais whatever of Franklij
Pierce excusing me from office, and sa^
ing that another man shall be gove
of this territory.
We have not got a territorial govern
ment, and I am end will be governor,
and no power can hinder it, until (lit
Lard Almighty says: Brigham, yol$
need not be governor any longer, anil
then I am willing to yield to another. 1
have told you the truth about that."
The Mormon manner of electing
delegate to Congress is, to say the leaUf
ofit, quite unique. Young-, as presiding
Elder, is preaching, when he says
"It came into my mind when brother
Bernhtfcl was speaking, and the saini
thing strikes me now, viz: inasmuch a#
he does first rate as our delegate in Wash
ington, I was going to move that we send
hun next season, though it is the Sab
baih day.
I understand these things, and say as
other people say," 'We are Mormons.'
We do things that are necessary to be
done when the titnc comes for us to d«»
them. If vve wish to make politic^
speeches, and it is necessary for the be|K^
interests and kingdom of God, to maljfr
them on the Sabbath, we do it. BrotheNr
Kimball has seconded the motion th#
I)r. IJertihisel bo sent to Washington a#*
our delegate all who are in fwor of ihff
raise yotir right hand." [More than tw*
{thousand hands were at once seen abovif
Ithe heads of the congregation "It li
jail ri^ht. I would never call for an ori|M
posite vote. 1 wtfl try it, however."—
Not a single hand was raised in opposi
The sad scute.
A bill lias been introduced into Con
gress, providing for the admission ot Or
egon into the Union as a State and th#
legislalure of Oregon are taking the pr|»
liminary steps for calling a convention ifer
form a Constitution. In the year I85(j*
Oregon will probably be the thirty-se£*~'
ond State of the Union. Its population
i already exceeds forty thousand, and the
|emigration toil is likely to be very larfff
this year. Accounts fiom the territorj*
represent the people as prospering valti*
i uable gold mines and other minerals are
discovered. As a farming region it ie
unsurpassed by auy of the old Statei,,
even rivaling in wealth its Southed
neighbor, California. In 1850, the po^»
ulawon was only 13,294. It is no*
40,000. In two years more it will cotk*
taiu eullicient number of inhabitant#*
doubtless, to entitle it to admission as
tW The Buffalo Republic relates a
cow hiding case in that city, in which a
gentleman temporarily residing there,
but having a family at the Falls, wmft.
flogged in a restaurant by a "lady," wh^,-,
accompanied the chastisement with
"piece of her mind"—charging hitt
with making disturbances in her family
promising to marry divers and sundry
young ladies, he being a married man aft
the while, and sbe would teach him be|
ter than thai. On leaving she gave this
victim of her vengcance due notice th«ft
if she ever caught hioi in the street h*
might expect another instalment of tlfr
"hide," with interest.
67*Mrs. Partington was busy lookiqg
over the collection of inusic entitled
'The Dulcimer,' when Mr. Prim, a near
neighbor, entered. 'Lai' exclaims the
kind old lady raising up her large eyea
beaming full of earnestness to meet hi*
friendly glance.
I'm so glad you've come. Now w*
can sing one of these do its. You cafe
sing base, (paac will do the terrible, and
I'll breathe the air, and sbe fell to wiping
her specs with the corner of her apro*.
Prim looked sober and bit his lips, while
1 commenced the 'terrible
the kitten's extremity.
EST Young mechanics who woul|.
prosper iu business, have only two plai|j|i
rules to live up to, to insure success.-^
First do you work as your customers
wishes it to be dooe the other is to d|k
it by the time you promised to have ft'
done. These two rules complied witlt,
and there it little chance of failucto
CP* •'What are political platforms?**
said an old lady. "Oh," said her worfi
half, "they nre platform scales wheijH
they weigh Presidents.*'
EJTHOW can I come to know myseljpl
Not by contemplation by actions onl)|*
l)o you* duly aad ou vnil kjiQ^ your
t3^Tf you want to hate a man, do hiqi
«*n injury. It is ever more efficacious
than to have him injure you.
%3T Henry Ward Beeechet saye:-—i
"Dress doesn't make the man, but whqpt
a man is made he looks a great deal be$
ter dressed up."
CVThe office of ttoe Louisville Cour*
ier was destroyed by fire on the 5th,—w
the work of an incendiary. Insured.
Cf*It is estimated that the cost of try*
ing the Fugitive Slave ease at Bostogy)
vUi iomibiHO,^

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