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U PUBLISHED EVERT THURSDAY A.' OTTUMWA, WAPELLO CO., 10 B. 0. W4ROEA, E S ^VARIABLY IN ADVAXC& One eopy per year, our copies Ten 1'2 00 Twenty" 24 00 Where payment is net made i* ftdrtncc, $2 within six months !H) within Ilia year? and $ 3 at t..* Expiration of the year. Business Cards. r. O S E S I ATTORNEY AT LAW AlfD Heal Edtatc Agt'tit, UTTUMWA, IOWA, FFY LAND WARRANTS bought and sold.— COLLKCTIOMS in all parts of Southern Iowa promptly attended to. O i c—Near the corner of 2nd H. 6. S I S S 0 V E N I S HAVING permanently locattd in Ottumwa. offers his services to _. the citizens of town and vicinity. AH work warranted. Ladies waited on at their residences if desired. Teetli inserted from one to an entire set, cither by means of springs or atmospheric pressure. He may be found at the UNI&N Horn., on the 1st r-ther Monday in the month. Efeeembei 15th, 1S53. fflorrie J. Williams, Attorney and Counsellor at Lett), OTTUMWA, IOWA* (EHT ^ILL practice in the Courts of Wap fllo and adjoining? counties. Collections and business entrusted te his care will be at tended to promptly. Will mso give attention to purchasing and 5 llincrenl estate and examining title*. Otfice in Washburn's building. Nov-, 30th, 1854. ly jlitlHaery A Itlaiituauiakiuff. Mrs. fe Miss Reynolds WOULD inform the ladies of OthHR- «a and vicinity, that they work at the lliner and JNlantuainaking busmess. All woik w.ll be done in the latest aiul neatest ilvle. firST Resideucs 1 door above the old Court Huusr. Nov. 23, 1851.—-Gin AWG. II. HAMILTON. KHW. T. HAMILTON. A. B. fc E. T. HAMILTON, A O K Y S A A W Ottumwa, Iowa. vv tl-* I-LL practice their profession in the Courts of Wapello and adjacent roun- (^yAlso particular attention will bo given to Uic pnrcliase ami uale of Real E^ta'.c, pay- meiit of Tux«*«, A t:. Ottumwa. Oct. 1-th—lv. Henry 11. Ifcu(Icrslioll, ATTORNEY AT LAW, OTTUMWA, IOWA. .DIR., WILL attend'to bu.-ine.'s in the Court* of all the counties in Southern Iowa, and in 1the Supreme Court at Iowa City. Persons wishing tb purchase or rent land or town property arc informed that he has tht agen cy and management of much good property, doth in town and country. March Kith 1KK-Iy SO. V. DF.V1N. '*1 y- tn.n1." W 5 00 Wash ington streets. 18-yy a. 9. Woon, M. s. F. J. DOUGLASS,*. B. WOOD k DOUGLASS, PIIYSICUSS JtSD SURGEONS, ipy TENDER their professional services to ttie citizens of Ottumwa and vicinity. OFFICE—On Market street, where one or both can be found at all hours, vxcept when ab sent OH business. Ottumwa, April 18th, 1855. A J. C. HINSEY, Y S I I A N 4- S U E O N Wall Ionian. Iowa. IHewnbertUh. 1854.tf j\s. v. rttfifi: J. Sc J. Deviu, A O N E Y S A A W OTTUMWA, -.IOWA. rar WILL practice in the Courts of Wap ello, Jefl«rson, van Huron, Davis, Appanoose, Monroe Lucas, Marion and Mahaska. Having the advantage of along residence in the valley they will give particular attention to Securing and collecting claims, sale of War rants, Entries of land on time buying and sell ing Real Estate, Settlement of Titles, payment of Taxes, fitc. February ltith 1834. D. F. CSaylord A U I O N E E OTTUMWA, IOWA. (BT WILL attend to making sale of personal property or Real Estate, at auction at auy time, for a reasonable compensatiau. He may be found in Ottumwa, unless absent on business. May 16th, 1851. e. VAN WEEKDEN, MiNVFACTERER & WHOLESALE DKAI.KK IN Imported Cigars. Tobacco and SuufT, Signof the big Indian, 3 Joort above the P. 0.t main street, Keokuk. Iowa. MERCHANTSfrom the Valley are request ed to give me a call. Dealers through out the State will be supplied every 3 months, from my w agons, which are constantly run ning, at manufactory prices. aug. 31, *64» E K 6 A Y March 8, 1854—Iw i WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DLALXR IV Bruges and medicines, Chemicals, Oils, Paints, Dye-Stuff*, ikxiggisC s Glassware, Surg fail Instruments, $c., 4'c* u n o n I o w a Also—Dealer in Dental Instruments, Cola and Tin Foil, Perfumerj, Window Chws, a great variety of Fancy Article-s, Sporting and Fishing Tackle, &,c.,&c., gy Agent for J)u pont's Gun Powder, Smith's Machine Caids— a full supply kept constantly on hand. II. E. DINICK & CO., Jfc. 42, Main St., &iint Louis, Missoprif IVPOBTERS AND MANUFACTURERS DP" WNS, R1FLE8, PISTOLS, And all kinds of Sporting Aparatut, ffS* Giuunakers materials constantly on hand. [n31—lyr.j J¥. W A Oil TLE K o & 8 o e a k e Main St., below Spaulding'i Stop. OTTUMWA, IOWA. THE proprietor keeps constantly oo hands a good assortment of Leathers, and is al ways ready to accommodate customers with &»od work in his line of business. November 0 th, 1854.yi ONE bale of Buffalo Robes nut received and for sale by HAWLEY. C^OPAL Varnish, Coach do. Japan do. Lea- O E I A THE t'LOSIftG SCENE. ST T. BUCHANAN fRiW^RrTti British Review prflnfttfnees this poem the best fliat has ever been written by an American author: Within this sober realm of leafless trees. The russet year inhaled the dreamy air, Like some tanned reaper in his hour of ease. When all the fields are lying brown and bare. The gray barns looked from their hazy hiWs O'er the dim waters widening in the vales, Sent down the air a greeting to the mills, On the dull thunder of alternate flails. All sighs wer* Mlevcd, and «B aoaada sab* dued, The hills seemed farther, and, the streams sang low. As in a dream the distant woodman faew'd His winter's log with many a muffled brow. The embattled forests erewhile armed in gold. Their banners bright with ev'ery martial hue, Now stood, like some sad beaten host of old, Withdrawn afar in Time's remotest bio*. On slumblrous wings the vulture tried his flight The dove scarce heard his singing mate's complaint And like a stai slow drowning in the light, The village church vane seemed to pale and faint The sentinel «ock upon the hill side crew, Crew twice and all was stiller than before* Silent till some replying warder blew llis alien horn, and thon was heard no flterc. Where earst the jay frilhin the elm's tall crest Made garrulous trouble round1the unfledged young And1 Where the oriole hung her swayihg nest By every figftt Wind like a censor muBf. Where fang the noisy masons of the caw, The isy swallows sing ever near, Foreboding, as the rustic mind believes, And early haivest and a plenteous year. When every bird which charmed the vernal feast •book the sweot slumber froa its wings at morn To warn the reapers of the rosy east, All now was sotigless, empty and forlorn. Alone, from out the stubble, piped the quail, And croaked the crow, through all the drea ry gloom Alone, the pheasant drumming in the valis, Made echo to the siant cottage loom. There w?s no bud, no bloom upon the lowers) 'Aw spidery wove their thin shrouds night by night, Hie thistle down, the only ghost of flowers, bailed slowly by-~pa*sed noiseless out of sight. And all this—in this most cheerless air, And where the woodbine sheds upon the porc?H Its crimson leaves, as if the year stood there Firing the flower with his inverted toffjjfc Amid all this, the centre of the scene, The white haired matron, whh monotonous tread, Plied'the swift wheel and with her joyless mein Sat like a fate, and watched the dying thread. She had no sorrow. He had walked with her Oft supped—and broke with her the ashen crust, And, in the dead leaves, still she heard the stir Of is black mantle trailing in the dust. While yet her cheek woe bright with summer bloom, Her country summoned and she gave her all And twice war bowed to h?r sable plume, Re-gave the sword, to rust upon the wall. Re-gave the sword—but not the hand that drew And struck for Liberty the dying bloW} Not him, who to his sire and country trM, Fell 'mid the ranks of the invading foe. Long, but not loud, the droning wheel went on, Like the low murmurs of a hive at noon Long, but not loud, the memory of the gone Breathe* through her ^4 MMl tcwiMt loustune. v *. At last the thread was snapped, her head was bowed Life dropped the distaff through her hands serene, Aol loving neighlms smoothed b«r careful shroud, While death and winter closed ttie Autumn Scene. Paecocrn? or THIS Ye GO AHEAD AOI. never read accounts of extreme ad vance in life, without thinking of the remarkable progress the present age is making, and to tulpii alon^r, the preco city 0 modern youihhood—as illus trated: Grandfather," said seuey imp the other day, "how old are you 7 "The old gentJfeman, who had been a soldier in the war of the revolution, and was much under the ordinary size, took the child between his knees, and patting him on the head with all the fondness of a second child of life, said: "My dear boy, 1 am ninety-five yenrs old and then commenced :o amuse the lad with some of the incidents in the story of his life, at the conelusiou of which he addressed the youngster, "But my fon wly did you ask the question —when the little rascal, with all the iin porlanceof a Napoleon, strutted off, and hitching up the tirst pair of pantaloons ever wore, after approved sailor's fash ion, rc plied: "Well, it appears to me you art darn ed small of your age." There is none of the right kind of bireh thai grows round in sufficient quan tiiits where sutfa teoye aw rabed. nntimtimi iTHMllNllUliHli^ SPEECH OK VOL. 7. OTTUMWA, IOWA, JULY 19, 1855: TII0JHS II. FORI), Of Ohio, delivered June I9f/i. 1855, at the Assembly Buildings, Phi ladtlphia. Mr. President—1 feel much embarras sed when 1 reflect that 1 arise to repres ent the views of the mighty West on this vexed question of Slavery, now ander discussion. 1 would to God that some gentlemtn more competent to that la«k had undertaken it. Gentlemen of other States have shown a strong diepositon to discuns party politics in the debate.— With th*- dirty details of party politics we have nothing to do, in Ohio. Our principlts are pa rio»ic and pure, our pur poses high and holy. The gentlemen who prsoeeded me have all mistaken the policy of the found ers of the Republic They never intend eel to tolerate Slavery, or even be respon sible for its existence. With the framers of the Constitution, Freedom was the rule. Slavery the exception Freedom, national Slavery, sectional. But those We, on the other hand, are desirous of sustaining the policy of our forefathers— ers tor the thousands of human beings were clank ing the chains of abject Slavery there.— Those men who wero in Congress from 'he North and voted for this Compiomise !iv forgotten somewhere—their memories having perished wiih them. So have we sent those who voted for its repeal to their political graves, to be remembered no nure by us, except in the long living annals of infamy. The gentleman over the way asks me to reconcile that positi on. I will, Sir. The territory the South scquired by virtue of that contract is already niggered—yes. niggercd all over. The cracjt of the driver's lash (to the disgrace of humanity be it said) is this day heard on its every acre. 'The voice of freedom is not heard there, but Slavery, dark and damning, curses'that otherwise beautiful country, liavihg ter ritory sufficient to make an empire of freemen. That is the reason we oppos ed its repeal and now ask for it* res'or a tion. We cannot recuM Slavery there now—'tis loo late! If we could place that territory in the same situation il was in 1820, there would be no trouble from our Slate about the repeal ol the Missouri restriction. No wc would, like men, enter the arena and fight manfully the battles of Freedom, our inheritance, was not turned to strangers and our homes to aliens, and Liberty left desolate in 'lie land of our forefathers. But the dark utid damning deed is done and regarding the rights of the States under the Constitution, we cannot change it now. patriotic gentlemen from the South are i antly, "Keep cool, gentlemen we are desirous of changing the rule, so as to! going to have an interesting class meet make Slavery national and Freedom sec tional to extend over territory now free, the soul withering God dishonoring curse of human sluvery. a Bible bated, law loving, liberty-built soul and he hoped the gentlemen policy. And here we tuke issue. The would learn another truism The only Hon. gentleman from North L'arolina, way to get rid of guilt is "to repent and pointing tome, tauntingly says: You sin nevtnore." All we ask of you gentle of the Nor.h refused to extend the Mis i men, is the light, remembtring that there souri Compromise line to the Pacific,! are eternai and unchangeable principles wheo ve offered it to you." To this I And now, after our submission for thirty-four years to that inqoity, ^ou come forward and inflict this renewed outrage upon us. You tay, It is true, north of that line wai Be' apart by solemn fompsci to Freedom but the contract was unconstitutional, and consequently nulland void.' I care not from wh&t point you view it you have taken under that contract and of course are bound by it. You now Rome to us wliiningly and say. "'This contract is void, do not attempt to enforce it." Suppose you give your note for one bundled dollars borrowed on the Sabbath and afterwards, to avoid the payment, set up for defence that the note was given on Sunday and oonsequenily void and you would not pay it. In what light do jcu tufpoe a'l honorable men would view it? In no other light as consummato villains, unworthy the con fidence of all honorable men. In this light Ohio and ihe teeming millions of the mighty West, whom I feebly repres ent here, view you, Gentlemen, in rela tion to the Kansas Nebraska inquity! 1 appeal to Representatives from the South in the name of all that is honorable,—in the name of God, to be this once influ enced by the pure promptings of right and justice, and restore this comuromise line, or from this day hide your defonn ed heads and make your appearance no more among intelligent beings. But I am resolved to place the gentle men,— those chivalrous Southern gentle men,—right on the record. Many of them do say that the repeal of that time honored line. was wrorg. repl we did to refuse, and ior this rea- vary, and whicb God' himeclf may nol son w» arc desinus of extending the disturb. area of Freedom, instead of the curse of Bv your confessions this day, couplied human bondage. The honorable gentHmen from Tan- the condition of a thief who having brok nessee and Alabama have said that we, Jen into your house and got possession at the orth, were generally opposed to of your money, you detect and arrest.— the establishment of that Missouii Com-[Yoi» say to him, "You villain! what promise line at the time the compact was 'are you doing, thus invading my most entered ioto, in 1820. mOD and tnat it ought to be restored. I say son, a Seward, a Summer and a Chase many of you have said so to me and men who knowing the right, have the inasmuch as every gentleman from the nerve to contend for iu men of undoubt North bee been challenged to fi*e the o4 tyegrity and ability, whoee patent ol & #aintlg '^Irtosjiajifr——Jlrbolfll fo $oIifirs, gifrrafurt, 05rncral pus, ^rtnilfurt, arbitration, Starhfts, *r. name of any Southern man who h^s dared to even breath tne word in favor of 1'iefcdoin, therefore, \o avoid being ask ed so to do, come up to the confessional, or 1 shall without hesitation r.ome the gentlemen to this convention. [Cheers and laughter, [A't length Hon. Kenneth Raynor, of North-Carolina,f arose and stated that he hud so snid, and took this occasion to say that he considered the repeal of th« Missouri Compromise a wrong and outrage, to which the North oujjhtnot to submit. He said if he had been a mem ber of Congress he would have had hii right hand severed ,'rom his body before he would have consented to lb« iniqui ty.* d»v. n rown, of Tennessee, paid lie had stale*! that it w?8 wrong ard unjust to repeal that act but inasmuch as it was passed, he was opposed to agitatioa on the subject by reinstating it. Four or five more, at this point, took the floor at once, Ford remarking pleas ing here but come up to the confession al one at the time?" (Liugliter lonj. and loud.) A number of gentlemen confes sed iu substance what Gov. Brown did.] Mr. Fotd proceeded by saying that "an open confession" was "good for the of right, which no circumstances can w 1 o u acth»n, you place yourself in *'hat pre sacred rights!" 'The thief comes up to text uan you base your opposition to its the confessional as our friends have this lepeal?" In answer to the gentleman, 1 day, sa ing, "1 know i have invaded say that the people of the North were your most sabred lights I confess 1 have opposed to the establishment at that time,' committed an outrage and inflicted and for this obvious reason rt was a base 'great injury upon you. 1 have broken surrender of territory to Slavery that into your house and stolen your money, had been by the God ol Nature and our I have done this mean thing. 1 regret laws consecrated to Freedom. That si' it, I deplore it, but inannuch, noluith this moment, instea I of the toice of Free- standing nevertheless, us I have, gut in dom ascending to llfaven in ardent pray now, let there be no disturbance between perpetuity of this Union, me and thee. I both ^fear and di*liKe agitation- Let us just settle this diffi culty. You sif out and let me keep your house and the money too!" (Loud cheering and laughter.) This is the ridiculous light in which we view you Southern gentlemen in Ohio. (Here a Mississippian interrupts by saying. This line was worth noth ing, of co t'alue to an person.") Ford proceeded by saying: That is beautiful! i you will steal our property and /or excust S say "it is valuless." Return the stolen goods, and let the owner fix-the value. If it was but sri old jack knife, 'tis nol yours. Come up like men and do this great thing. Confess your wrong and do right—always remembering that to do right and avoid the wrong is the great end of our being. Don't you, gentlemen ol the South shrink away from this con tract with truth don't I entrrat you, through falsehood or hypocrisy, mean ness or fraud, attempt to hide yourselres from the open eye oflofty Honor. (Long continued applause.) Y"ou southerngen tleinen have said many pretty ihing* a bout the Union. We, too. are devoted to ibis Union first, last, and all the time and we do nol make Slavery a condition precedent to our attachment to this Uni on, either. Can you say aa much?— I'hank God, we of the west have higher, holier and more pnttiotic motives. We are devoted to this Uuion, because ere long, by its perpetuity and advancement, we expect to become an empire of Free Jem everywhere! (Cheers long and loud.) Every public demonstration I have attended here patriotic gentle have attempted 'n turn into a Union saving machine—until I am sick of ihe endless prating about the Uuion—being fullv satisfied that they say Union once stid mean Negro threo times, (Laughter.) This Union, rest assured, is in n 'lar ger. Wo of Ohio do not intend to go out of the Union, plea«e take i retro spective view of yourpast lives, and you will find that this is not the first lime you have been kicked out of ihe traces. And if you makt the trial, it will not be the first time you are kicked back! Re member Old By the Eternal!" brought you tip standing once, and we of th? Central Northern States and Western States have determined to do so when ever necessary. (Apphuse.) 'The genllemin from Virginia asks, if if we are so devoted to the Union at ihe North, how comco il to pass that we re turn such men as Hale, Wilson and Chase, to the Senate? 1 will answer him fully and fairly. Il is the South that brought such incn into notice, politically. At the North, the continual agitation of the peace of the Union for the purpose of extending sluvery, brings into notice the men at the Nnrih of giant intellect and moral force. Does he understand? A mote, like the gentleman or myself, floats, very comfortably in a still and quiet Rtraosphert but it take* the wik tornado to move the imbedded rock.— 'Thai political tornado has been raited bv yourselves, by your determintion to ex lend, by fraudulent and unconstitutional means the arena of human chattledom. (to use their own words) Do you understand me sir? Yes we an injury and an outrage, thank God we have such men as a W il nobility coines from heaven. And mark ye, gentlemen of the South, the days of flunkeyi«m at the North aro numbered, i'be Northern flunkeys are ail dead and damned! and if another one appears to your vision, rest well assured he is il legitimate. We have clected twenty one Representatives from Ohio, all pled ged for ihe repeal of this Nebraska ini quity and you will find, when they ar rive there, you will have an ascension of twenty one Hales and Wilsons on that question, with not a Jlunkty among them. We in Ohi« did not threaten them with political death only but have rcjolved that if they do not stand up for the right, in opposition to the encroach ments of the Slavery propagandists, we will hang them as high as Hainan! (Lonq continued applat.se A gentleman from Alabama cried out, "Douglas wts from the North!" Ford replied: So was Benedict Arnold! The British took the traitor and we retained the territory. Our Southern Brethern have taken the territory and left Us the traitor. They ought to protect, if they do despise him! (Applause aud iaught er.) Now, Mr, President, we of Ohio pro test against this plank in your platform as un|ust and unrighteous. The niajoii ty of oor delegation are from Virginia, the Bons of her soil and Virginia in the purer days of her commonweal1!), taught us the lessons of liberty. You will re member by ths cession your State made to ihe General Government of the North west territory, you Virginians expressly stipulated that neither Slavery or invol un'.ary servitude shculd ever exist therein except for the punishment of crime. We llien, under the ordinance of '87 aie the first born, in the cause of freedom and in Ohio, your children have resolved to carry out your will by seeing to it that Slavery never does exist there and we are prepared and determined to resisl tts encroachments upon soil consecrated to Freedom. Yes, Virginians! remember this that with warm hearts and strong arms, your sons will stand up for Liber ty and the Hight, end Ohio, cemented as she is with the mighty West, is irre sistible as the armies of Israel. Strik ing for the faiih once delivered to the Saints, we strike for Human Freedom and Human Rights! (Cheers and crics of "go on (A voice in crowd.) **You had better come to Virginia and see our condition Ford answered: We have been in your Slate and all over it. We know the situation of your population, both white and blaek. We know that Virginia, in this age of advancement, ha6 retrograded that the white and black race both buffer under the scourge of Slavery. I have been on some plantations, from one to two hundred n^gros were worked, who in the course of the year, like the locusts of Egypt, eat up everything, and ihe owner was compelled, so as io make the two ends of the year meet, to send a few human chatties Southward. In addition to this ignorance and superstition, migh ty Monsters brood over our land shroud ing it in darkness indescribable. We, of Ohio, have no wi6h to return to your Stale. 'I'ha« white headed old gentle man before you spent half his days in Virginia. He has known your peculiar institution long, and he knows that the genius of Liberty having been driven out from among you. has come to take her abode in the wilds of the western world, where she may build up for her self institutions and laws based upon ihe immutable principles of right. ^Trem endous applause.) Much has been said about N. York and Sewardism and iuasmuch as her delegates arc here 1 will say nothing a bout that State. Sewardism, gentlemen, at this moment has its heel on "Sam's" neck in Ohio and unlets you give us a liberty-loving justice like looking plat form, the Ides of October next, will find Sewardism standing with both feet on the political grave of every "Sam" in ihit land. Already the voices of Freemen artf heard! marshalling their forces for ihe contest the fires of Liberty are now burning on every hill top and in every valley throughout ihe length and breadth of ihe land, and may they contiuue to burn UNTIL LIBERTY BIRTHRIGHT OF EVKRV WE HAVE A ASD AM THE MIND AND THE the foe. A SHALL BK THK AMLRICAN NOVEL RACK.—The UNTIL GOVERNMENT DESPOTISM A WITHOUT A RELIGION WITHOUT A EMPIRE POPE, WITHOUT A SLAVS! PERSONAL. We cut the following from tba N. Y. Evening Post: Charles Masonf, the Com missioner of Patens at Washington, has resigned his office, private affairs having called him back to Iowa. Mr. Mason's retirement will leave a vacancy, which will not be easily filled. The post he filled is becom .ig more important, and requires qualifications as high as are pos essed by any of ihe heads of ihe depart ments. Nol to speak of legal attain ments and an adequate knowledge of mechanics, Mr. Mason's practical good sense, conciliatory (banners, and method aud dispatch in business, made the dis charge of its functions eary to hitn. and satisfactory evtn to that ticklish class of persons the inventors. His patent office Reports are a great improvement on those of his predecessor. Tbey are clear admirably arranged, and contain nothing which is not of practical value. race at Gnleaburf between the locomotive and the horse on the 4ih did not :otue off. But the O quawka Spectator, says il was run at Onida 18 irlies beyond. One horse flow the irack and his rii'tr, and the other wee badly beatcc. Distance one mile. mmm IMiWlH 3 NO. 23 Why titles grow W'estwardly. The Academy of Science in Paris have been investigating the causes which al most invariably makes the west end of a city grow more, and become more fash ionable than the east. "It atites from ihe atmosphere," answers the Academy of Science. The wind wh:ch causes the greatest ascension of ihe barometric col umn is that of the east, and that which lowers i» rtSost is ihe Weil. When the Utter blows, it has the convenience of carrying with it to the eastern parts of a town all the dclctrious gases which it meets in its passage over tfie Western parts, and the inhabitants of the east ern pari ol a town have to support not only their own smoke and miasma, but those of ihe western part of the town, brought to them by west winds. When, on the contrary, the east wind blows, it purifies the air, by causing to ascend the pernieious emanations which it cannot drive to ihe west. The deduction from thitf law is, that the western part of a city is the best place of residence for persons of delicate health, and that all establishments from which emanate per nicious vapors andgases,should be placed to the east. 'There seems to be good philosophy in these conclusions. CLOCK.—In a moment of excitement, the mind is most apt to have most exaggerated notions of time. "How long* was I gono, do yon sup post?" asked a young hasbauJ, who at ihe nine of a railroad acsident, had found himself obliged to leave his bride for a few minutes in an ^unprotected" situa tion. -Why it was all of an hour," replied the trembling creature* You seriously think that 1 was from you an hour?" said he. She declared Her Estimate fell short of the time, if anything when he inform e-1 her that, having looked at his watch —nut being alarmed at what had given her much n fright, he knew thai his ab sence had been protracted to ihe extent of just eleven mtnuies and a half. A few yeartf ago, a rtlari Whom we wil^ e?ll Mr. had a leg broken in some machinery about a saw mill. The limb was mangled in a shocking manner, and a surgeon being called, il was de cided thai immediate amputation was necessary. A uumber of wimesses, be side ihe assistants, were present when the operation was performed and of course it was in ihe midst of consider able excitenicht that iho surgeon went ihrough with his work. Alterward, Mr. B. oo recovery, not only refused to pay the sorgeon, but sued him for damages on the ground that his leg had been taken off in a bungling manner. When the case came to trial, one witness testified that the operation had occupied, in his esiimation, half an hour while professional men stated that it should nol have occupied more than five minutes at least a third Was posi live of ihree quarters of an hour, ane oth ers testified »o a similar lapse of time.— Only one witness, however, called by the defence, professed to be exact. An upright, intelligent, cool headed old farm er, when questioned, said he held his watch in his hand during the operation, which occupied precisely rour GOOD JOKE minutes and three quar'ers, not a second more.— On the strength of his evidence ihe sur geon made a successful defence, and the plaintiff wae compelled to 17* The Jack tars al Balaklava much dislike carrying up provivisions to the camp on their backs, which all are ob •iged to do and there is a very good story told of one who was overtaken by a general officer on the road. Jack was dressed i.. an old soldier's red co*t, and had a bag of biscuit on his back, when the General made up to a point of the road where it was very narrow. The General called out, "Soldier, allow me to pass you." Jack—"I am not a sol dier." General—"Well, then what are you?" Jack—"Why, a com missariat mule." The General laughed heartily, and gave Jack haif a crown. A gentleman o( Long Island has succeeded in growing the best old Java Collee on his ground. He sowed the dry berry in drills, having first soaked them in ashes aud water for an hour.— When the pli.nl* were an inch above the surface he stuck a row of oak scrags for ihern to climb on. Favortsd by al ternate heat ana rains, they come on finely, aud the berrier tie nearly ttady to be gathered. t3T "Mother" said Gemina Spry, to her venerable relative, "Sam Flint w%nla to come courting me to-night." »*Well you jade what did you tell him?" *'Oh, 1 tolu him he might come. 1 wanted to aee how the fool would %et." |jUffs of cPberiisinj. For one square (121ines) in insertion,fl,W Each additional insertion, 6* One column, per year, 40jM One half column, par jrt&f M,00 One fourth 4 19,00 Patent medicines, per column, yearTy 60,00 Business and Professional Cards, not mAkiof fcaore than 8 lines, $5 per year. All advertisements, handed in without having the number of insertions marked therecn, will be published till ohlered out and charged far accordingly. A liberal deduction nfadc te yearly ad vert isc^rs. Ify Attorneys held responsible for all legal advertisements handed in by them. Story of a Highwayman* Not many years ago, an Irishman, whose finances did not keep pace with' the demands made on his pocket, and whose scorn of honest labor wae im.ni* ncntly unfavorable lo their being legiti mately filled, borrowed an old pistol one day, when poverty had driven him to ex tremity, and took ihe highway mott eon* venient where he wae likely to fi'nd a' heavy purse. A jnily old farmer came jogging along and Pal put him dowo instantly as a par* ty who possessed those requisites ha so much stood in need of himself. Pre senting the pistol he demanded him to stand and dglivef." The poor fellow forked over some fif* ty dollars, but finding Pat somewhat oi a greenhorn, begged a five to take him home, a distance of about half a mile.— 'The request was complied with, accom panied with the most patronizing air.— Old Acres and Roods was a knowing one. Eyeing the pistol, he asked Pal if be would sell ft. "Is it to sell the pieiolf Sowl, a»d it's that same thing 11 be after doing." "What ve be after giving for it?" "I'll give vou the five dollar bill for it." "Don*! an' don«*e enough bat "ONLY —A distinguished Dem ocrat living in the neighboring city of Covington, day before yesierday war blustering very !ond against the new plat form adopted by the Know-Nothings at Philadelphia, and was particularly se vere upon that part which relates to sla* very. He was interrupted by a gentle man whwwasa delegate to t'.e Conven tion, who said to him, that he had nol rfad the right one. "Now," said he, "there is the real simon pure." and took out of his pocicet the Deinocratie plat form adopted at Baltimore in 1844, when Polk was nomifiated. The gentleman read it, and handed it back. "Why," sfcid he, that is worse and' worse. Its more abolition than the other.''—Tin cinnati Gazette. IN «fork over" ween two gentlemen." Down wiih the duel, and here's the tool for you." The bargain was made by immediate transfer. The moment the farmer got the weapon he ordered Pat to thell out and pointing 1I14 pistol threatened to blow his brains out if he refused. Pat looked at his wiih a comical leer, and buttoning his breeches pockets sung out. "Blow away, ould boyf d-—l take the bit of powder's in it." We believe the old man never told the last part of the story but once, and that was by the purest accident. OrlglB of Mason and Dixoa's UM, Many persons, says the Charleston Standard, are ignorant of the origin of "Mason and Dixou's Line," and think it was established as a separation between the free and slave Slates, ft originated by tbe arrangement of a dispute between William Ptfnn and Lord Baltimore, ba gun as early as 1681 with reference to ihe boundaries of their respective grantfr of land, now forming the States of J*enn sylvania, Delaware and Maryland,1 Lont Baltimore claiming to and including the 40ih degree of north latitude. The eaee was brought into the English Court of Chanccry, and in 175C was decided a gainst Lord Baltimore. But tbe com* missioners appointed to mark the boun* daries failed to agree and after further litigation and delay the maker was settled by mutual agreement between the eur* viving heirs of the original litigants, and in 1771, Mr. Charles Mn*on, of the Royal Observatory, was seat to Penn* sylvania to measure the degree of lati tude. This duty, in connection with Mr. Jeremiah Dixon, he accomplished establishing the famous Masou's and Dixon's Line between the present Stato of Pennsylvania on the North and Mary land on the South—and aaking hia re port to the Royal Society of Loui'.on' itt ike year 1777. FUN."—At a baptism in tho Western part of the State, a few weeks since, a girl of a shy disposition, about* to be immersed, very naturally resistedt the attempts of the minister to lead her to the water, and after a short struggle began to sob and crV with grfeat violence. At this moment, while a crotvd of spec* tators were anxiously watching the re« suit, a younger brother cf the girl step ped up lo her'and exclaimed, in an un. der tone—"Don't be seared, Sal, they're only in fun!" AAILHOADS.—At a meeting hitldin ^. Pleasant on the 20th ult., it was resolietf that the County Judge of Henry Co.,-btf requested to issue a proclamation, au thorizing a vote to be taken at the next August election, for or against the'Coun ty's taking $100,000 stock, in'thb'Keo* kuk, Mt. Pleasant and Muscatinb Rail* road. QT A story ia related in the Chirlee ton Courier of a Shanghai hen Who left her setting nest for a litter of kittens near it. The old hen seemed more fond ol the little felines than they of her. But the old cat was particularly pleased wiih the domestic arrangement, and «t laei accounts it remained undisturbed. 17* Contract has been made wiih the Illinois central Railroad t6 phnt three rows of locust treer on each side o! iheir road for ih'fr distance of 120 miles" sonth of Chisago. The rows are to be'' set five feet apart and the Irees'threefeet4 fiom each other. NOT A BAD vtea.—During anniwere- ary time itt New York, a boy asked his companion what was the reason for ma ny Ministers meeting together' e'very year? The other confidently answered, "To.exchange sermons, to be sure." QT It ia said there are eighty thousand troopa nader anna in tbe Itland of-C* ba. ty A carriage has been invented for the movement that ia on foot/ OT A space-filling individual |i.. body a time filling individual ia a BT Ex Gov. Boukwell, of Ma»s., kao* entered himself se a student of Uw