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Demoine courier. (Ottumwa, Iowa) 1854-1856, August 23, 1855, Image 1

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JTjjf ilmoinc Courier,
By K. H. U AUDIiHf,
One copy per year, #J $1 60
Four copicS W 5 OP
Ten. «*«-.* 13 00
Ottuunva, April 18th, 1855.
Where payment is not made in adrance, $2
wKhm six months $2 5t within the year and
$3 at U,e expiration of the year.
Business Card:
v O S E I i
cal Estate Agent,
.. yy LAND WARRANTS bought and t«ld.—
COLLECTIONS in all parts of'Southern Iowa
promptly attended to.
O i"c c—N ear the corner of 2nd & Wash
ington streets. 18-yy
Bg* TENDER their professional wrricei
to the ci
tizcn9 of Ottiunwa and vicinity.
Orni L—On Market street, where one or
both can be found ut all hcurs, SKCfpt wriicii
sent on business.
jj a S1 1 Jl S k s u Ii a E O Ar,
llalilouo^a. Iowa,
jQjpvcttbcr 9th,
H. 6. 8 I S S 0 N.
HAVING permanently located
jgw in OUuanv i.o!r»i.-t bis services to
17 the citizens of town and vicinity.
All work warranted. Ladirs waited on at their
residences if desired. Teeth inserted from one
to an entile set, cither by mean* of springs or
atmospheric pressure, lie tnav be found at the
.UNION HOTEL, on the 1st Monday in ihe month.
Dtcembei 15th.lS 3.
.morris William%
mey and Counsellor ut
A I O Ii N Y S A A W
TTCTlLIi practice their profession in tie
VV Coviivs oi V*apcll«5 ojid adjacent coun
J^"Al«o particular attention will he given
to Ui« purchase and sale of ileal Estate, pay
losntcf Tay»*«, &<•.
tXtiunwa, Oct. 12'b—ly.
Mi siry If. FiuU i,«!iotl,
yST WILL attend to bufiueAS iu tbe'Conrb
of ^11 the counties in Southern Iowa, and in
the Supreme Court at Iowa City.
Persons wishing to
Kay 16th, 1851.
VOL. 7.
WILL practu i Mi the Courts of Wap-
,n5~i.nd aiijointiifl: comities. Collections and
business enti usted.^a his carc will be at
tended to promptly.
Will (Cive attention to purchaslnj and
sellincrca! estate and examining titles.
atgr Office in Washburn's building.
HilHiifty & "•3au(uatn i!iHt|f.
s Mrs. fc Eliaa Rcyaoldj
WOULD inform the ladies of Otturn
wa and vicinity, that tlicy work, at the ll.ner
f.nd Mantuainakliij br.slLC^ ?. All woik will
be~dont" in the latest and neatest style.
frjy Kesideucc 1 door above the old Court
*3, lS51.—^)in
or rent land or
town property ai\- uifoj
uied that he has the agen
cy and management of r. \ich gwyl jpc«)icrty,
befh in town und country.
March lflth lS3|.-ly
J. & J. !!tcria,
WILL practice in the Courts.of Wap-
eTlo, Jefferson, Van Buren, Davis, Appanoose,
.Monroe Lucas, Marion and Mahaska.
Having the advantage of a long residence in
the valley they willyive particular attention to
Securing and collecting claims, sale of W iv
rants, Entries of la. oa.tiine. leiyingand sell
ing Heal Estate, Settlement of Titles, paymeat
XitfM, inc.
February ltkli H&&L
O. I\ ray lord
WILL attend to making sale of peapnal
property or Real Estat at auction at any time,
for a reasonable compensation, lie may be
found iu Ottumwa, unless absent on business.
Vtnported CiKai'K, Tobacco and
Sig% of the big India u, 3 "jrt above the P. O.,
Main Street, Keokuk- Iowa.
the Valley aro requ.-'-t-
ed to give ine a call. Dealers through
out the Htate will be supplied every 3 months,
from my wagons, hich are constantly run
uinjr, at manufactory prices.
ymagt 31, fi
mid medtciuci,
tfttmieals, Oils, Paints, Di/C'SluJfs,
Druggist's (iluusware, Surgical
Jnstrumcnta, 4'C
u i n o n I o w a
tj&T'Also—Dealer in Cental Instruments,
6rora and Tin Foil, Pufun.er)-, Window Glass,
a great variety of Fancy Articles, Sporting and
Fishing Tackle, ic., &.O., (p^Agent for Du
pont'a Uun Powder, Sniilh'o ^lachiae
a full supply kept conittunUy on band.
March 8, 1861—4vv
i II. E. U1»I€K & CO-7
42, Main St., Saint Louis, MLrtavri,
K I i 1 0 9
Jlnd all kind« of Sporting Aparalun.
materials constantly on
], WAl IiTLDK,
o o & S o e a k e
Main St., below Spauhlin^s Slutp,
ifir TH E proprietor keeps constantly en
handsa gvod assortment of Leathers, and is al
ways ready to accommodate custoajera with
good work in his line o, business.
November 9th, 1854.yl
bale of Bufi'alo Robes lust received
and for sale by H.
/^IQPAL Tarnish, Costefe. ,4o. Japan do. Lea
f« QH*.[
£l)t lUmoitu Courier.
in rem
three story brick building on Main street
ovt?d mto story of sf. L. u/aiei'
TjuiPlihZtZ^ consequence of the!
port paper mill, for a tina«, we. are c«'in
pelled to iasue a half sheet this week.—
(laving received a supply of paper, ho#
ever, (but at too late a day for this No..)
we shall, hereafter, be regularly forth
coming in aur proper proportion*. We
may also remark, in this connection,
that having been compelled, some time
since, to issue a half sheet, which was
not, at the time counted as a number, we
now poet up IbV bj tailing tliio
issue No. 28,
'j£fo Wednesday ot last week we eot®
menced our tour through the county.—
he?vine the bustling town of Ouumvra
behind us we started forth,and by din
ner time found ourself at the wjell known
stopping place known as the "Kr.^lish
Tavern," kept by Messrs. Hill K Bay
lies After partaking of an excellent
meal (which the ladies of this establish
ment well know how togst up) weaga'n
moun sd horse, and in a couple of hours
ride brought up at the Kirkville House,1
^ept by our old frieud J. Kttkpaliirk,
who is a dafer»e'lly populai landlord.—
We spent the best part of the aiternooo
in visiting our patrons in this vieiniu,
and in the evening in company wuh «ur
kiud host took a tour round town, where
w:e made some additions to our subscrip
lion list. Kirkvtlle has not improwd
much (his e..son, though tlu- farms in i^
vicHuiy are rapidly being br night into a
high state of cultivation. Kiehtand is o
very fine Townthip of laud, psrb^*,aa
good as any iu ih:s county
Frtm Ktrkville we went to E idyvill.
uJcing a route a few milt-s North of the
direct roful, and passing through the low
er fart cf Mahutka county. In ttit
fection there are.tyme of the finest farm"*
we have seen in Lnra, both as reg,iri'
soil and improvements. At Eddyvillt
we met with' reMonable fcuceets. litf
place is improving inptdly, theie being
some 50 or more buildings iu process
of erection, a few of them respectable
siztd bucks, but tht. must(.f iliem cheap
cottages desiytud for rent. 'Hies*, ho*
ever, will ad.l materially to the popultt
lion and trade of the place T'le n er
chants there we learn are doing a large
business, us usual. In pur pengrin*
tiens we called on our friend Melkcu
of tr.e Fret Press, who we found up fo
hi* eyes in bus.ness, and l.iol e the itiv
personification ot "lai^h and grow fat."
Leaving Eddyville lute we arrivitd at
Levi Jenkins* just in tiuie for tupptr,
and os usual found the Match siring
OUA," Mr. Jenkins is one those
whole souled farmers that we delight to
op wiih. In ilj^ Morning we look a
•troll over his f*rm lo look at»thc catile.
corn, &c, and were deltghte
d*W ith a view
we had from a point on bis place, where
we could see way over in to Monroe,
and up and down the river for soote
4 er 5 miles. Mr. Jenkins is not oue
of our fancy formeit, but he i» demon
r.ia'.tcg (lie feet that ets.urviice, tnd a
reasonable amount of "book farming"
go very well together, ilis place con
thins 240 acres, 130 ol which he has in
cultivation 40 acres ol it in timothy and
clovei. Amon£ other things on his place
we most admtreU a field ol some 35
acres ur corn, which we thiuk is as good
as we ever saw, and a part of which
(•tundsor what was once 9 very ugly
lookti.g swamp, winch Mr. J. hae re
duced to a most excellent state culu^a
tion by simple plowing aione. Af'tr
breakfast, and the sun had b*en op long
enough to thaw the frost which ma*!*
it* appearance on Friday morning, we
steered for Cbilltcothe. This is ludeed
a very pretty town site, and troni its
steam law nill hetrg put up at thnt
pUre bv ibe Messrs. Hull. «md one two
ijktle* above by Olney & Hea
0»ek. We also that Mr. D.
I an easy article to obtain and improve-
rn^tits will jio ahead more rapidly
y- On Monday we visited Blakesburg,'
#nd Wer€
suapension of operations by the Uentons.jm)prOVmK 1®
a"rCe!.bIy B"rpr,9t''1
ft |iticun»
•iiuation will become a trading point v's tM-i^-vrird, e^miueucmg Ig.h
importance. There we found numeroua Sep I.ui*iers nud membra
friends, aud with the assisunce of Ur. in iv 4iKeui!*. are cordially
W. Henshaw, and Mr. D. Uenshaw,
formerly of Ottumwa we soon obtained
a large addition to cur subscription list.
miles, within a distance of not more than country upon the fare of the earth is
I twf mills apart lumber will soon bicome
good sizi'd bricks. The 1V1« rchauts and
Mechanics there derive a good share oi
their Uide from Monroe, Appnnoosr
ar.d Davis courtie's. Adam-« township i
a good farming district, and has mad*'
as rapid advancement »fc«n/otKefflown
ship in the county.
We did intend visiting Pt. Isabel but
shall have to defer our Visit there until a
more leisure lime.
fr We have received reports of the
result of the late election, in our State,
from a few counties not noted last week
hut deem thetn loo unsatii-factory to be
worth copyir.g. The I.oeofoco pnper*
generally, and those of K«nktik, F«rt
Madison and Council ull"*, ptrlicular
1v, are deaptrafefy glorious over iheir
irtiimphs in Lee, IVitiawsitamie and a
tt^w kindred counties, and they aiebkelv
never rtf^et don® crowding their columns
wuh congratulatory squibs. All right
jjfntiemeo. Sam is remarkably thnftv
this year, and rsn well aiford to bestow
upon \uu a ifw cheat) luxuries. To
vour river towns, overrun* as they are
ith the lowest grade »f ur niter* popu
la io aivd wi ih »t class ot br keo down
wt«» sr« ever ready to ^wet
ug^le" Wiiti U,t: e^Ui* and fiidi of Ihe
'•ar»h, U thereby. Can gatn offiet.
Sttiu loots tor tfefcaU But. cuoie ou of
y ur d:r') dens. Visit the ni'trior,
wlit(| you can not only freah air, hui
fcvsh and honest noiitnu of political
principle—where intel.igent and candid
tellfciion ligttien the toils of a noble,
ndustrious. vtrtuous and truly patriotic
yeomanry, und ou wi I learn that our
iiijjin). huunts of vice are not exponent*
of Iowa's political faith. The late elec
tion was not generally r' garded as one
of sufficient importance to justify exertion
,^n the part of the Americans, and tha',
here and there, a county should fall a
pray to blood.suckers is not a matter at
which to be as.oniahed, chagrined or
discouraged. Viv* in humbug! Be
merry while you may. FOKKJUN.
OT ''Legator^' from his style, has
evident!) written fo» ihe i'res* before,
and ouphtto know the rules upon which
couiinunicatu'iip are published. When
he gives us his reul name we will insert
his arneLs.
W We gJeeted iaei week toeaH at
tsntion to STUKET 61 GRIFFITH'S advtr
tiseuients. W e now ask our patrous to
give them a reading, at they may make
u profitable to do stn
have their adver­
tisement in today's paper- We need
not say to the public'that their fame at
businessmen is
extensive with the
West. Many of our Merchant* deal
with them and many nore doubtieat will.
Read (heir advertisement.
OT See Cartf of Ik. Ueuahav, of
it wiU be *eeu
by reference to his adventsiu«-n', wflT- r»
for sale a portion of iht* Ac-ncy Farm
LT I'. A il council*, Indiana 1ms
been wppoinied UommissiontT of the
(iet.eral l. ititl Olfice in the plucu of ho
W 11«ou ii-inotrd.
A Camp llet'litig
For AgeCiy 'nctn, will be held
on the in w f»my ground, on Sugar creek,
I ia mil"" .»i i'1 O.oimwa, near Mc
invited 10 attend. Ar'Si'geineuis have
Mr. Sheets is making a large number ui ^rome prepared to hoard themselves. true indica'ion of srisit craiic position and
brick at this plase, of a superior quality, The Iujm 1 tmrsda) (.he 30th da ,) of geuuine merit. Th's class uf mdivid
and lome five or six brick bundings are this month is appointed lor clearing and1 uals is louud most extensively ramified
now in process of erection. The gresi-1 prepati the grounds Alt persons in in the professional und merchanttle pur
est difficulty in the way of Ofcillicothe's tereMed in the meeting will please attend sutis. Lawyers, doctors, and preachers
improving has been the want of lumber, oo'that day. DAVID UlUiiNSON. who, through swindling, quackery and
been in«oe |or e .boarding tent, /or the! wives oiay maintain that elegance of
Mccou«in!jd4uon of ihose who du .not dress, wlu-h, in their esteem, is the only
^wnifjj —Jrbotrt) fii politics, rntfu*05r»f|Mis, Idjiiatltnrf, (ghmtioiv litarhek *£jc.
(io to Hoik, leu Lazy
Z itar» in eie«tmga st+am saw mill **', dustrhil pursuits of.lif in the ngricultu
bout ball a wile above Mr. Jm kin's on ral district* of the reuntry. Here, in
the road to Eddv ulie. With these three Iowa, than whose
Never aithin our recollection, we*
(here a time w hen no rnnny inducements
we re offered to labor in the various in-
|i i
dab. Hour, butler,
that of no other
productive, it is exceedingly diffi-
procure even the commonest nee
essaties of life. Merchants, artisans and
find 0,1 rabbin
of the professions are alike.
housm, a Steam saw and grist mill, three
florts three BIat-k«mith shops, a Saddler
shop &c., 6l. This season some ten or and expeditious transportation between "hat, in turn are my notions of you?
twelve houses will be bnili. enme of them:
lhe dlfferenl 8ec.iotis
try. coupled with the blockade of the
without first advancing the wages of
town life in the west, there is so much
move in the matter would at once find
himself deserted by hi* customers.-—
What occasions this competition? Il the
.abort of the field and those of ihe work
shop differ so widoly in their returns,
why is the one overstocked and the oth
er lu.tdequstely suppli'tf? Well, tiiere
are several reasons, ol which ve have
only time
.it and poorer classes of community
1 he only employees of qu»ck*. The
^migration to lwa has ever been com
posed, iu part, of persons who regard
ihe labor.of making farms as vastly be
ond their abilities or means. The idea
ot building hous«s, b&rus aud fence*, of
br« tki!g prjhte. planting, harvtsttng and
marketing, carries their feebie minds too
tar di.wn the tepulbive vista of a labo
rious future to be tolerated, aud the'y cast
about them for oilier occupations which
will muke quicker returns, and ield for
theduy IU daily bread. Thus the petti
fogger of an older state becomes an attor
ney here? the board dresser cf a New
England town turns master builder in
Iowa, au'- loonn the end of the chap
ter. Those who can make noihiug of
wood, iron or psper can, at least, preach
or paint and the whole class becomes
settled down to a miserable and preoa
rious hand to mouth existence. The gen
uine possessor ot the requisite kuowl
edge for the practice of a profession or a
at chanic an, must here nut only toler
ate the fellowship of those whose pre
tensions and abilities he most heartily
despises, but he most guage his prices by
those established by incompetent, self
conceited blockheads. Suppose a pub
lic building or a fine residence is to be
constructed, who are usually the contrae
tors? Aie they the best mechanics of
the vicinity—:kose who are alone com
petent to estimate the worth of work
well and honestly performed? Not of
lener, perhaps, than once in ten. The
lowest responsible bidder" is always
successful und, if, in the prosecu
011 o! the work, he finds that he has
underestimated the job, he either fudges
up an onortrous bill of extras, or so bot.
ches the work through the employment
of cheap and 1 n competent mechanics, as
to make it a disgr^fc tu the eyes of all
«*ho tre uot, like himself, pretenders
and imposters, is 4 crying fact, aud a
shame to the state, that the best build
wig* in all our towns aud villages are
spoiled by quack carpenters, plasters and
painters. But, euougli of the quacks,
for ihe preseut. v
Another very Urge cla*e of %ir citi
zens are those who regard labor in any
lorinas diagraceful—whoswagger thro'
our streets as the only true "lords of eie
aiior."—•-whocringfe and watch with as
much stealthy solicitude lea n an unHme
ly passer by might catch ihetn 111 the act
ot chopping their own tire wood, as if
bending beneath the weight of a stolen
sheep, and who, almost invariably stiru
their ehi'dren of foot} that they and their
passed the pi ice where B!ak« sburg new it»gly doled out to us by ourfannei'iieiiih- wp«n the_ clothes of the laborer, as dia* of us do not wish to see the beautiful
stands nnd some two or three log Pdbinsibors, Why is this? Is the country jl^ouora4»le? Am I any the less honors domain of our country as checked as an
were all thai the town could boast suffering from famine? Not at til.— j™* benaue* my clothes are besmeared Alabama plantation, we are to be deterr
It now has some twenty pr thirty good Never did nature more abundantly re- I"Wuh paint and printing ink? You and ed from opposing it, by the cry of Aboli
ward the toils of the husbandman. The pMjbabably jour eiily, tawdry female tio.i, while at the same time that class of
constantly increasing facilities lor cheap
room to notice two or tfcrte*
of ihe more obvious,
Quackery is not alone confined to tbe
medical profession nor are the most ig
of our own coun i Do you suppose that the mind of a far-
mer or
grust northern gronety of Europe, how tlirty shirt or, that, when thus dressed
have conspired to so raise the pri h® is any the lesa able to weigh you, in
ces of vegetable productions that the 'eUectually and morally an! through all
home consumer cannot, in justice 10 him- j)"our show of ostentation, as cor
self, compete with the foreign demand
eompeution that he who would dare to drawn, the belter it will be for the wealth
aid ,,f
yeur, a inrre livelihood, with undirotn- no loree'r nfio than January o{ 1854.—
ishtd confidence hope on, hope ever, for At that time tbev became AbolitioM.t»
time coming and. five hun- by undertaking to abolish an ordinance
dred dollars worth of trumpery in the,
«hape of dry *oodi supposed to be years a8o for the parpofe of allaying
sufficient f%r the tnp^ort of two or three public excitement and aecurinif to free
able bodied y oun# men, whose united dom and free labor the vast region o/
capital and energios, properly directed. I country Jyins west of us, aa well as that
would produce annually a thousand dol-
lar*' worth of surplus farm production*, lition they have thrown open the vaal re.
Why is it that theae sons and daugh I gion west of the Missouri to the work
teraof false pride and genuine hypocia ing and rearing o» black mlavos or what
™d •naiching f.»r the little cy will presisi in regarding the grease is atill worse to slaves, black, white, col-
dtc.,-par-| ®""i dirt, which nee^sanly accumulate ored and mixed. And Ibrsooth if anr
relatives, may regard me wiih contempt our fellow citizens, who are supposed to
mechanic is be clouded by his
estimate your true value if you
"e but an ox or a horse?
his own labor. Why not do thin? Be ^ia condition ef Ihings is all wron^,
cause, in almost all the avocatfbns of 1an(^
the encouragements
quackery and pride are wtth-
and prosperity of the State. To employ
an incompetent mechanic, because he
will work cheap, is false economy, and
10 flatter or countenance imposition in
the professions, is "cruelty to animals,"
because you aid iu the starvation of asses.
We have not time to administer the
exhortation to delinquents we con tern
plated in the outset, and must close with
ihe suggestion that geuuine mechanics
throughout the State, follow the lead of
the medical profession, and through the

rify their ranks. FOREMAN.
For the Oemoine Courien
Who are* Abolitionists!
Fer nearly a quorter of a century, nr«
terms of reproach have been used so ex
lensitely aud with so much effect, in tbt
United Stales, as the words Abolition
Abolitionist and Abolitionism. If yoi
would circumscribe one's influence, in
jure his business, or close against hut
most etrec'.ually every avenue 10 the high
er circles of social or political life, ai.
that it was jjecessary to do, was to in
sinuate iu a very bkud and qu:et way,
that possibly he tni^hi be tainted a little
with the doctrines of Abolition. To be
a bankrupt, a defaulter, a swindler, a
gambler or even a common drunkard or
dt bauchee was a small matter compared
with this. In scenes of riot aud mob
violence when the populace became too
much infuriated to utter distinctly such
words as fire, murder or treason, they
could always roar out most lustily Abo
lition! Abolition!!
Verily if the good John Wesley had
lived till our day and had been able to
keep pace with the progress of this en
ligb ened afe-e, lie would 1 e compelled to
make a slight change in his celebrated
declaration that "Slavery is the sum of
all villanies" and to write it »•Abolition
ia the sum of all vilUniea"
Now if Abolition is a word that car
riei so much force with it. one would
suppose that we should be a little cartful
how we use it. And yet many of the
citizens of Wapello Co. were told on
Saturday previoue to the August elec
tion that they were affiliated with Abol
itiouists. They were slso told that the
next tune they were met, it would be as
Abolitionists. This, however, did not
seem very Strang^since in 1851 Gov.
Grimes was called an Abolitionist and all
who voted for him wtyre subject to the
same repioach. It is \ad indeed if a
majority of the voters ofr Iowa and a
bout 300 majority of the voters of Wap
ello Oo. are Abolitionist*. It i* fair at
least to suppose that they are whitt men
and we fancy that if the charge df Abol
ition can be sustained against them at all
it must be solely on ihe ground that they
are iu favor of having ihe tifritories of
the U. States pevpled uith while men.
But why should the cry of Abolition
be raised? Why does the incendiary
raise the cry of fire? Why does the
man with stolen money in hi* pocket cry
•Stop thief! Stop thief!! The reason
ihey can hope to raise themselves to-of* *UC^
fice 10 that way. They are modern Ab«
KKTiT—ii ftiffiflf t0Hm
the government passed more than 30
oo which we live. Dy this act of Abo-
be peculiar friends of the colored race,
are coured by the sqggestion that it will
ameliorate the condition of the slaves and
ultimately lead 10 their ematCIJ«mion.—
If men who deal in this way are 1101 Ab
olitionists of the "Uiaii.n pure *tripe,'
surely it is not because they ire not
treading step by «iep i
the exact foot­
prints of their "Illustrious Predecessor"
and prototype the British ntiitn. This
was her way ol dealing with the negroes.
Now she fercts them upon her colonies
Anu now she haa them :n her arm*
Tell us who are Ab&litionists.
week ago
last Sunday a gang ot men employed on
he Rock Island Railroad wont out on a
limber train some forty miles from the
city. The day was hot, and they drank
a great quantity of water taken from the
tank of the tender, and some twenty of
them indulged freely iu drinking from a
jug of liquor wiih which they had pro
v.Jed themselvis, so that when they re
turned they were beastly drunk. O11
Monday ihe most of ihem were taken
«ick and an informant states, that out of
16 who are known to be of the party,
12 had died, two are despaired of, and
oiie is very sick, while the sixteenth has
••scaped sickne-s entirely. The physi
cutis who hate seen the cases are tn
decided whether the fatality is to be at
iiu ed to the water or the liquor, but
fr II) the fici that the conductor and ihe
engineer, who also drank from the tank,
have not been sick it is probabl* th
s me deleterious substance was in tf e
jug which held die liquor. Five of the
int n died in one house on State street,
»outh of Twelfth.—Chicago Press
ERS-—The Cincinnati Gazette publishes
a statement prepared bv W. W Guthrie,
Esq. Loc»l Inspector, showing the num
ber of steamboats in existence on the
western and south western rivers, and
the number of disaster's for the six
months ending June 30tn, 1855. From
this it appears that 30 bo&ts were totally
lost. The estimated damage to boats
was $573 700, and to cargoes #1.228,
800. Thirty-one lives were lost.—
Twelve steamboats were destroyed by
fire, 7 were damaged by ice, 52 were
sunk or damaged by snags, 5 were dam
aged by explosion, and 7 by collision.
The whole number of steamboats on the
western and south western rivers is put
down at 600. Mr Guthrie ssvs: "It
is worthy of remark that there has been
no explosion or collapse of flue of an\
boiler manufactured since the passage ol
the law by ongress, of August 30th,
1852. and coming unii^r ihe reduction
of steam pressure. In every instance,
ihe dis ister* have been irom boilers made
previous to th.' sar.ge of that lavf/*
itfUBty Seat Quest ion ia Keoktk
We learn thai the county seat ia to re
main at Lancaster.
It appears that from
or other,
the pol! books from two townships in
the north part of the county, were thrown
out by the County Judge, and the book
from Clear Creek township was exclud
ed on account of the judges not having
been sworn according to law.
Our informant also state that Si?our
ney has entered sun against ihe County
Judge for some illegality in his proceed
ings relative to the poll book from the
northern portion ol the eotmly,—
loosa Times.
1 a n
cro lia8
tfaern AD
H** Mr. rawsnn having declined the
office of Governor ofKuusas. Hon.
Wilson Shanon Ex Govtrawr Ohio
has been appointed.
ALBANY, Aug. 13.
4to express train on the Boston
is plain. He is anxious to escape amid
1 be confusion he would create.
Now we apprehend that there is a
class of Aoolitionist* in the cuuntry, and Shoulder'and1aft
a very dangerous one too, who lat$h at
Railroad was passing Chatham depot,! road communication, and not mar#
this p. M, M. D. Taft, of Charleston,1 mouths wi'l elapse before she will havtf
and a person named breaker of AlbanvJ a railroad running her entire breadth
were silting with their arms out of the Council Bluffs, soon to be followed
/•as* winilAcir 'I ka ~i 1 I i- v
of liiibrrtismn.
For one square (12 lines) in insertion,$1,00It
E»ch additional insertion, ... 5J
One column, per year, 40,00
Oi»c half column, per yosir 24,00
One fourth 12,00
Patent mcdicincs, per column,yearly 50,00
Business and Profp»«ional Cards, not making
more than 8 lines, $3 per year.
^AJl advertisements, ly^tied in withouthav
the number of insertions marked thereon, wi
be published till ordered out and charged f«*
A liberal deduction made t* yearly ad-
ven i«ef».
Affrtrnrv Tr^T.T rrsjion -iMc for all legjl
ti!\ci handed in by them.
From the Chicago Democratic Press.
A Young and Rising State#
Netx to Illinois there-is not one of thf
new Slates that gives so much promiso
t'ftr the future as Iowa. We gave somd
figures the other day which illustratef
this point in a very striking manner—*
the amount of public land taken up in tho
State during th* fiscal year 1855, end*
ing with June. The number of acree
purchased in the S'.ate was 3,273,739,
lor which $1,064,911 was paid in the
U. S. Treasury* There were taken up
"n Missouri during the same period 3,
096,525 acres, for which only 91,249,
271 was paid—92,815,640 less than wa*
paid iu Iowa for uearly the same quan
tity ol land. All the lands sold in Iowa
brought tho maximum price of $1,25 per
acre, while those in Missouri, which had!
been many years in the market, brought
on an average but 43 cents per acre.—?
The soil is no doubt as good in Missouri^
as in Iowa, but the incubus which checks!
the progress of the farmer has made thai
difference in the original value of the land
in the two States, In all departments oT
industry there is an equal difference.—t
Iowa, though so many years younger ait
a State than Missouri, is rapidly leaving^
her in the march of improvement. The^
time is not distant when the same dis*
parity of condition, though start^vrhat
nearly equal advantagci, wi!! be obisT?*^
able between Iowa and Missouri if?at
now stiikee one so forcibly when instu
tuting a comparison between Ohio audt
The natural advantages of Iowa aret
extraordinary. W'i.hui her limits arei
50,000 square miles of as rich sot) as is
anywhere to be found in the world iif
the same compass. There can hardlyt
be said to be a waste acre in the Stale—4
"swamp lands" are unknown there.-**
The greater part of i'.s area consists of
succession of small undulating nrairiesi
well watered, and generally well sup*
pliad wi groves of timber. Of miner^
a Is it has an abundarjt tupply of coalk
lead and gypsum, and in agricultural 10#
aoures it is unbounded. Wuh au easterif
water line on the Mississippi, the Stat#
stretches to the Missouri on the West,*
touches Missouri on the South and Mm
nesota on the North. It is intersecte
by some half-dozen streams, flowingthrc
it southeastward into the Mississippi^
furnishing a great amount of water pow
»r, and giving a pleasing diversity to the
natural featuies of the country. Th^
priiK-ipat of these are the Cedar, the Iowa
nd the DJS Moines Rivers, the latter of
*tuch rises in Minnesota, and traverse*
the State diagonally for about four hund
red miles. In this enumeration of natur*
al advantages, we must not omit to ttat«
that no local causes of disease exist i
the State, and that the climate is mildc
than in the States further east betwee
the same parallels of latitude.
In order to afford convenient pointe of
comparison in the career of this youn§
and vigoious State, it will be necessary
to recur to its early history. In 1838—^
only seventeen year* since—Iowa wat
organized under a separate territorial
government, having previous to that iimf
been under the same government afc
Wisconsin. At that time there werQ
oaly about 23,000 inhabited* in the Ter
ritory, which in 1840 had increased 1%
43,000. After eight years of indepenb
dent Existence, (in 1846.) Iowa was adf
milted into the Uuiou as a State, with
greatly increased population, which 1*
1850, as Bhown by the census, had swelk
lad to 193,009." A State census, comft
pleted in June of last year, gave a,popup.
lation of 326,000.
With such resources and *ueh a popu^.
latton, both in number* and. spirit, th|t
progress oflowa t* in the ratio ofgeo^
metrical progression. Up to the beginl
ning of harvest immigrants poured i%
irota the East in a flood tide. Frod|
early spring till that time, a contiaui}
stream of wagons went ever the
sippijat all the croseiug place*, and thf
population of the State must have bee(k
very greatly augmented within the !a*|
six months. We believe it is quito w
I he current of air raised one of about equal length"fu7ther nor*
oy the passage of the train, blew open aj The character of the population ofl£
side door of a freight car standing there, wa is a guarantee that thi'moeal and
keep pace with its material develop
ment. In no other portion ol the Unffifc
6 uv
1 1 v o o o u n 3 o e o v i n i i i A i
ie sane it) compromises, who never THB COTTON CROP—A litrtrthern °,us»
hesitate to disturb the public peace and paper states that since ihe commeuce Education receives the fostering cap
create the wildest popular commotion if
menl of
breaking the arm ol Breaker, and cutting telleciual advancement of the State wiU
the arm ol Mr. clear off, between keep pace with its material
American cotton trade, no
een uown
oluioniite too, ««y mod*** trtfinating h*yond any proceeding year* ward.
in bounds to say that it wiil reach half
a million by next January. We do nc£
th'nk it extravagant to predict that th
census of I860 wtl! show a popuktic
of at least three quarters of a million-
The railroad improvements in ourew
State for the last 4 years have been
almost as much advantage to Iowa as
Illinois, by furnishing easy access (0 itj»
good and cheap lands. Those designing
to settle in the northern portion of th*
State have gone over the Galena an!
Chicago Road. This season, multitude*
have gone over the Rock Is*and KO-H!
and since the opening of the Chicago an
Burlington Road, other multitudes havo
taken that route to the land of ppomii*
These roads, with .the Illinois Centra
and others yet :o eonr.ect our State
City with Iowa, will be of incalculabii
advantage to it hereafter. Iowa tco ii
awake to the importance of internal mil*
ill hat
v BU
guarctuiee mat mc moral and ?n*
8ober nd
intelligent class of people
its importance deserves religion
that flourishes and a beautiful fabrio of
«'OUBd-®ode- awtyJs being bmlt up there.
estimate* placing n 400.000 bale* eeiter oiiowa ia eaward and a*

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