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Demoine courier. (Ottumwa, Iowa) 1854-1856, October 11, 1855, Image 1

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ttbctlfmoint (Courier,
,. O* II. W akdjj\
mi. ,^i^' »wp E Jf¥
fourcopio* -", yiiVH*, .t.
ty« 21 W
'Where faymailt not made im jdrance, $2
Vriiiiin six monUi« $? 5b within the year and
9 3 at t.ie expiration of the year.
business CardC
-ft i
AT I.J11V AXft
Real CMlatc Affcut,
4. p. WOOD, M. O
tMrt on buaine«». i
Otlamwa, April 18th, 1855.
.r. c. iiinsey,
J' S1 A A' S- S (J U X,
ll: liloete^n. I«w^
*cvCloser 9th. W U
W Hi
jiai'tiff th-ir prof--io|t In tlic
Coup's -f \T. lio and adjacelit
Otttmnva, Oct. 121b—»fy.
VOL. 7.
t) i n
&M I
I .'v^
HAVING permanently locatrd
in Oft imva.ofTtis his service* to
the citizens of town and ricUilty.
All work warranted. Indies waited on at their
residences if desired. Teeth inserted from one
lo an entire M-t, either by means of springs or
atmoniberic pressure, lie mny be found at tho
UNION HOTKI..'II tbo 1st Monday in Abe month
"ceinbef 15th. ISoil.
jtoiTix WllliaiM^
.jM'ie-rn'y Counsellor at JLutc,
o W A I O W A
|y WILL pi-acti^-f in the Courts of Wap
eltouiid ud oin!n£ counties. Collcctiojis and
'.•?b«'r bmiiiefx i-:-tiuste«l te his care will be at
i i'»-d to protiir'.l v.
[.,ij.nH|i.'ill a*»i» |r|v« aMenlioti to pwrcliaaif #ltd
8r!fi rent e.«iitf a:.d i.-xaiuiliinir titles.
OlHee VVa»Wlr«rn"4 balding./
3UUi»ery A
ISrs. k Kiss Reynoldi
jOZf WOULD inform the1nd.es of Ottwi
HCSmd vieln'.tf. tti-it'ijwy tvorkattlie dim
iid i-usiness. All woik w.ll
e dxie in the lut«-Sl neatest -iyfe.
Uciidc.ice 1 4ooi" "hove the old Ccurt
Aov. i!3,
-ar'j a .i iit.
*C«. H. IT A r.TOSf
j^AHo parti#ular attention \yill be given
to uie pun base an(^5ale- of Ileal Estate, ]ay
mAt of Taxe«, &c.
|Icui y K. Ketidcrshott,
Al'lOKNFA AT law,
KSF WILL attend to buVme.'s in the Courts
©f at! the counties in Southern Iowa,,and ill
'"the Siii'iTtne Court at Iowa City.
Pc rsons wishing to irc!iase or rent land or
fovrn property "jr- informed that he has the ti^en
*y and management of .vj^ll gQt4 j^rwKrr^''
loth in town and country
Narch Hitb 1S3l.-ly
br.viN*. JAS. n. UKVIS.
o k n e y s A A W
Ci -fa orrrjttvA, IOWA.
ussr WfLL praetice in the Courts of Wap
ello, Jetierson, Van linren, Davis, Appanoose,
Monroe Lucas, Marion and Mah»ska.
lli.vi: ihe It'dviiniage ef a loi'g re.-idencc in
tbie jralU v^hevtwill ivf partyenlar attention to
Spcpr'uuj" ®ul' (^lleetin^ tiaras, saii of War
rants, iTTitri.-s of la...1 on time, buyincand'sell
ing Koal Kitatfj.jjlKtlcmeii) uf T»Ue.
of Tatcs. te. lhrtiftry Wiil
f\ tiny for 1
a U 10 N K"K H,
gT WJ LL attend to making sale of personal
••erty or Heal Estate,at auction at itrtytiine^
a rcrivonable eonijK-iHoU#!!. lie may be
found in Ottninwa, uulf»s absent on business.
A4t*y Ititlij
m: \i.v-H
Iptporlcd ligai^. Tobucvo und
Sign of tht big Indian, i .5r$ above the P. O.,
Plain Street, Keokuk. Iow«,
ANTSfror: 1H* Valley are request
ed to tne a enll. Dealers through*
out the State will be supplied every 3 months,
,j| from my xi'n^ori-j, i^ hteh are constantly run
*i liing, at man tTaelory friees.
aug.' 31, '&1.
ff ,• ,»«.i k.. i •—•--?—r: :"r,
9 li Ihi« U A t. "ii-
wrtttr I S.VI.K AND RKTAU. llKAI.V.lfT#4"'
DiHgi nnd Ulcdiclncis,
"US'' i
MSmmicais, Oils. l\iin(3t Dye-Stvjfs^
rusrgist's (Uuijtware, Surgical
Instrument.* ^r., fyc.
u i n o n I o w a
—Dealer in Tlcatal Instruments,
ami'l'in Foil, Ptrfun.ery, Window Glass, I
a great vaiiety of Fancy Articles, Sporting and
Vi-shing Tn.-kle,i.c.,!tc.. A^ent for l)u
n^ot'S.Gtt:: Foj)f(Jcr,atuU^f iVfAchuu jqauLi—
a full supjily kept constmfly on Uana.F
Murcn 8, 18u4—Iw ff s
xtiL ~WL E. 1)D1U U A CO.r
jTwJt'o. 42,
St., Sain.
Jioveuibtiryth, 1854.yI
u i s i O $
Jlnd all kind* uf Sporting ^jun atus,
fST Guiunakers materials constantly on
haml. Qn31—4yr.j
oo & Shoe ra a kr,
Main St., belutc Sutiulilin^t Shop,
'TilK proprietor keeps constantly on
fa a good assortuwnt «t' Leathsrs, and is al
ways ready to accoinatodate customers with
good work in his line o, business.
MEREBV tender my thunks to'mycratftm
for the liberal patronatje hitherto giwn
oi« and ask a continuance of ihe same, and as 1
need money 1 wish all who are indebted to me
to come forward and square up their accounts
without delay. D. 8ANDS,
Anwl .1 1
WARRANTS bought and sold.— rsqu&at was »ranied and the strangfr
ftlvu-Tiowa in nil parte of Southern loWa vm
mntly sttondfd-to. -vy early to bed, requesting *hat he might be
T. J. nouci.ASs, M. D. wakened at an early tour thu tiex'
Tl-.NDKlt their professional services bim entered ihe mom for tlial purpose,
to The citizens of Othimwa and vicinity. lie was foUDtj in hisjbeil perl^clly uead
On-ii r—On Mark «rcct, whore one or Q., ^janiining liia body, nn marks ol
ran br found at all hcuis, vxropt vvhenab-
i A. H. & II. T. HAiSilL^rON,
N Ottua^jva, Ic^a.
.(Dan by lite same of Henry Thorn
failed al tU« house of Mr. J. Smi'h,
jsesi'lenl HI a retired part «.f England.
»®tl rcqufauU a night's lodgiivg. This
es:sn thai foul rreans had lia».eued the
#tr^ii».er d. atlt. W'hupers to thai tl
f»ct uere expressci!, and iu the licarte
of in any, Smiih was couaiderotl as the
gtjiltv man.
The fermi dwuw ai Snuib had
not )»««rn good, lie l»aJ lived a loose,
•so iriei»iihr life, involved fnmstll in
dt-bt by hi* extravngance, ond al leogih,
being aospected ol having ohuuned mo
ney wronyfu.ly, he suddenly fljti Irunfi"
ihe town.
More than ten |ears, owerrr, had
now tlapted »iuce hi* teturn, duriug
«bi"h he k"d lived at his prestn. rem
«leuce, appuieutly in good ciruunt*tttuc«v,
and »i n an improved oharacter. II:e
Jonuer life, biwever, was remi inhered,
a4«i suspicion, upan
At the expiration "two tnoathra
gentle in«n «me day stopped in the place
Itir ttw purpose 4»f making inquires re
spectint,' the stranger who Ina been found
deid in his bed. He 'euppo^td himself
o be ihe trroiber ol thii mia. Tht horse
ami clothe# of tb« unfortunate man still
r. waining. and were immediately known
He now kUaoihoriitedto^ert^lu, il
pi«»sil'!i', lhe uiunner uf In* (it Jth. He
,rnceedfd. iliertfore, to in*oa iga'e ih
rircunistancea r.« well as he was able
At length lie made known to the mag is
irate* withe district tlitf iitfoi iBatiyji lie
had collected, and upon the strengili of
this. Smith WH» taken to j» I to e tiied
I'oj the wilful murder of Henry Thouip
I'bo celebrated Lord Mansfield wa*
then on the beuch. lie rharge.d the
irraitil jury to be cautious as linding a
11 o»inst the prisoner. TUe evidence
of Ins gwiit, il guilty, might be small
At a i.tmre Hum I' might b? greater
«vre inloriuatt'n might be obtained.—
Should the jury t^ow find a bill against
htm, and bhould he be acquitted, he
cou not e molctled ag^in. wlnttever
ttetimnr.y hliuuld r.ae up ^"^"i jlyu#
ceased wa« supposed to have about him
gold and jewels lo a large amouut but
the prisoner wa# not ao much in want ol
founds as to be under a strorg teinpta
lion to commit murder. And besides if
th prisoner had obtained the pWJjPftyt
h^i had aflectually. concenl^d it* Not a
trace of it could be found.
Why then, waa the prisoner suspect
ad? He would state the gtounds ol sus
pieion. The deceased, ll*nry Thomp
son was a jeweler, residing in London,
and a inan of wealth. He hud left home
for the purpose el meeting a trader at
Hull, of whom he expcctcd to ui*ke s
large purchase. That trader he did meet
and uiier th# departure ol the latter, Mr
Th milpsoti was ktiown to have in his
poa#e*«MNt^ and iftltL Ao.»large
With therein his possession h# left
Hull on his return to London, li was
not known that he stepped until he
reached Smith'a and the ttext inoiuing
was found dead iu his bed. lie djetl
I" •"S-ON-
»e house wlu re he 4-aine to hia end.~—
A id then, as the manner ol his dei«!,
at lntle ronlil.be dmcoverAd ih:*t ihe j'i
ry which was suimnoiietl to investigate j^-'epei
ihe cau'e, retufneii a varOict thai he I« *rnultl b* t\m aboW three
a xwnatioii Irotn God."— h""" after thtdntght, mi the nf^tfi of
W f« i this waa doue, U»e stranger was Thompson'# deaih, a light had b. en seen
o IIIMK* V .•
hawing belonged to l.io bioliier. Tin-* a-itattd or distressed,—and equally un
hodv, also waa token up, and, though
cwnsiiitrably cjjiii^faU uron^ re
-WU1 Ul.Ctt io itllfl. ,»:• i
l'hc grand jury, however, Ui.( tiad
but a tuaj-r»ty of outy one. 4 •tobld prove.il. IU tvouij call the
At iength the time of trial arrived Ilioust keeper, who would vonfirm a statu*
Sau ti was brot.gUt into court a id plau
at the bar. A great crowd thronged the
roriu. eager aid anxious to see the priso
ner and hear the trial. He h°ms If ap
peared Arm aad rnllected. Nothing in
siaamyc or appearance indicated gutji
and when ihe question was put '.o him by and stuttd a* the reason, not th^t he h'ajt
then in Smiths house, ami il it coulti be The stopper of a vial had been found—
shown that he came to his death iu an but of this he could only say, he had no
annatural way, it would inciraie the kno« ltdfic, and had not seso it before it
was produced ir. eourl. ..
suspicion that the pmonetf WM connect
ed with the n u'der.
Now, then, continued the counsel, iijone. That he would explain, and his
will be proved beyond the poaiWlity of housekeeper would confirm the stale
IVliat' w«# thai poison? It was a r#
tJent discovery of «nme German chem
A little more than filly years o*o, a MM to he jrf winced from distilling
ps«n We sred of 'he wil«* cherry tree. It was
a poison more powerful then any other
known, and deprived of lif# ao riifrtHdu
refreshment, njiinjd
When the servant appointed to ad
,ipeurt-d, htil hw cciintt'inupe
hi* «3ea.ti »onn aj
tely a to leave no marks of
lotted extifinely natural. The ry of "iirtn? tbe kiml of poison which he d«B
ihu dea.h fctx.n spread among the neigh cribeH. lint, then, wa# th*t poison »d
bora and inquiries were made a* to who ministered by Smith or at bis msiig*
he Wt. ami by what iiwan* hv had co i»e i «ton? Who were the prisoner'- family?
to I i- dea'h jconaisted only ol hiinst li, u honae-
have belot'gf-d to n (iorrnan vial, enn-
Nothing cir air., howevrr, was k:»owti. keeper, undone rnsti aervatit. The man
Ik had airned on horseback,, and was #ervant slept in an ouhou#e, adjoining' present doubted hi# entire innocence*
•eeu pas King thro«iglt a ueigiiboting vil the stable, and did so on the mgbt ol'| The housekeeper was now introduced,
4^1 about nn hour before ho reached Thompson's-^en'h. The prisoner slept. and examined by
tin* appearance hia bed wus in a dtf
ferent pan avid there wa# neither eup
board nor prcos in the room, which, but
for the btu was entirely empty, the
room iu which he dressed being at a
di««anee bp) ond h.
The eouiMril for ifH? ^r##eention here
concluded what h« had to s.iy. Durtng
his address Nmith apc-eare^l not to be
moved was he wlnle the witness testified
in snbstmce what the (tpening speech ol
the counsel led the court bad the |«r)
to expect. -v
Lord Manf-ftetd nbXv addrrsfed the jir
ry. He said that in hia opinion the
evidence was not flnf?ici» nt to condemn
the prisoner, and that if the jury agreed
with him in opinion, lie-would discbarge
him. Without having their sent«, they
agreed that the evidence was not «utii
At il.is moment, when they were a
bout to render a verdict of acquiuti, tht'
prisoner rose iw4 aildreused the urt,
i He said that be had been accused of a
foul crime and the jury had said there
was not snllicient evidence lo condemn
him* Did the jury ii^eau to "ay there
was any evidenca agaiuiH bia{ VVnt
he to go out of court with au*piciMti»
resting upon him, al'er ulli
'i'hts tie was unwitiiag tv do., lie
was an innocent man, and il jctliie
wo»ld grant h» tiw Opp'M-lUHlly Jle
tiKut which lie would uour mulie.
'i lia hous* ii^ept-r had jivit apy^rejl jn
court. She hail concealed herself, or
badif#ff hy. Sini h.( r'l^hts w^ c«»w
cieped a d«?!t »gu be.ore him. Hut he
now oflercd lo bring her l^.-vya/d
not willing that she ahould icoiiJ'y but,
knowing the cxci'eiuent, he was iprfiil
.hat siie wptild be bribed to give testirvo
ny coulrary to the fact. Hut he wa«,
now ready to reUteall tin1 circuinstances
the clerk "Are you guilty or not gusl
ty? he answered »uh nn uufaiteiing
tongue, aud tvi«b a countenanae ptrlcc'
ly unchanged, "Notguilty." The coun
cil for tViC proR*cutkn now »j.eutd the
case, list it was apparent that ho had that he knew she might then be called was requested to
little expectation, cl bein^ able to prove and
the prisoner guUty. 'lie stiteu to the not confirip
Jury that the case was involved in great] demnsd.
mystery. The priaoaer wa# a man of' The r"quest of the prianner appBartd
respectability and property. The de reasonable and f4ord Mansfield, contrary
in onto end t»f the house, and the house- prisoner. fHie had not heard any pan
keeper at iheoiher, and the decensed had of the statement of ^mith, no a single
been put in room adjoining tlie house word of ihe trial. Her story confirmed
'*.'1 l»e h^.d said.
Du\s and weeks pwaed on**n.'» little holding the l.ght WHS seen to go Iron while the prisoner nid the keeper
farther was knowu. The public wind, rtie room in which the prisoner t.'ept toi in the room of ihe forn»er, aomwhing like
however, was not 'at r«#'. Su^piciouf »be bout" keeper's room the now I a door had obstiucted if.e li^ht of the
di«aj prated for a minute, wfien tw.» per candle so that the witness lestiti, to the
sons Mere seen, but wheiher they went fact but could not aee it- What was the TO BE t\I LRiflLIK-A WAR
to Smiths room, into which th«!y enter-! something Itke a door did fur a moment1
ed, and in about five tumult* the lighi come between the window and the can
was i xtinguished. die. This needed explanation. The
The witness would further 1hati housekeeper was the only person that
after the person had returned with the could give it. Designing io probe this
light into Smith's room, and before it! mailer in the end to the bottom, hut not
cxRcrtued If her testimony dots
my stotyj, let ihe con
io his usual practice granteil it.
The prisoner went on with his stato
msnt. He said he wis lied to go out ol
the court relieved from the suspicions
which were resting upon him. As to
the poison by means of which 'he stran
ger was said to have died, be knew
neither ihe name of it' nor even the ex
istence oT it, until made known by con
usel, lie could call God to witness the
truth of what he said.
And then as to Mr. Thompsoo, lie
was a perfect stranger to him. How
should he know what articles ol value he
had? He did not know. If he hpd such
articles al ilull, he might have left .them
on the road, or what was more probable,
have otherwise disposed bf thetn. Ar.d
if he died by means of the fatal drug, he
must have administered it himself
He brgwed the jury to remember that
his premises had been repeatedly and
minutely searched, aud not the most tri
fling article that belonged to the dcceasod
had been discovered in his possession.—
One fact had been protfdi and paly
one Iml COR# in ihe bed room of ihe
houcekeeper OB the nitfht in que«iion.«
He wni ready to admit that it w:i* he
himself, lit hrrrl been suhjert, for mueh
of hia life fo auJJen fita of iHneae he
hat! been »cized with one on lliat occn
autiering,! aioo. and had gone to procure b« aa-
and no ontortions of the features. niataitce iti lighunf a fira. ihe had re
Bnfthett, the question, waa by whom UurDel with liim to hia mom for that
wns it atiininistrnted? OK« circurn^tanee, ptir rwe he lra»iot» waited for a minute
u small one, indeed, and yet upon it tn the pnsaa£I, wfitie KIIK put on her
mis.'ht lianj» a horrid tale, waa tfiat the clothes. This would nccoiuti tor the
Hopper of u small bottle of n very tin momentary iHsap,ienrance of tht light,
enhrdelrrlption hal been found in the Alter remaining a 4a w inn tea in hia
prisoner'* liou^e. The stopper had bt'en room, and finding himself better he had
examined, and kaii! hy mw^ical moil, to dismiaeed her, and retired to bed, from
Itvered in a very tirm and
tnmner, end from tiieaimple and a rile#*
manr.era of iha man, perhaps not one
To this succeeded her eroea »iw
tinn by :ha counsel for the prnfecnttwi'.
One circumstance bad made a deep im
'be bou-e, arwl that a figure pression on his mind—that wnt
in:o Tbompaon's room, ihe witnees could ebwtruciion? There was no do^ir— noth- j.
hot swear, but shortly a l«f, ihey wen- ing IH the room which could account lor #j,r^*n 7
nb^erved to puss qi^iiie tlifoti^h the* entry this, but the witnea* waa po-tti»e that
was extinguished, he had twice pcrcei»-1 wishing to excite l»er Ire began bv ask
ed seme dark object to intervene betweeu ing her a few unfmportunt questions, and
he light and the window, almost as »unn» others, where the candle stood
large as the surface ol the window, itseM',1 while she WM in Mr. Smith'* room.
a n w i e e s i e y s a y i n i a I n e e n e o e o o s e
prared as if a door had been placed be pl'ed. ••Well, was the closet, or Clip* f-
fore the light. Now, in Smith's rooaij board or whatever you call it opened***** V 'b® Comminee, d«cli»w^
there was nothing thui cnt»ld :a*eount for
once or twice, while it stood there?"
8he made no reply.
will help yon» recffiiectiiM^^satd
the counsel
the medicine out of the closet, did he
after Mr. Smith h*d taken
shut the ior or did it remain epcu!"
••lie ahnt it."
••And when he aforwarte replaeed
the bottle in the cloecfc tar opened afaid
did hel" j:
Hedid." *...^*
"And how lo^ wa* 4t Isft af««p
last time?"
»*Not abov« a minute.'*
left hand side of the window
••On the right hand s-ide." ft
•'Would the dour ol'ke_ciai*l
any noise in ope»ia|fl' i
•'Nmip," A 09
"Are you certain!** --.xm
I am." ••. u*-.:
only seen Mr. Snmh open itrVii :*i
I never op-'tirtl it myself."/ nu
'••Did yon e«ei la^ep «litt.hca
••Never.'' j-^ri9**eu# .»l§
••Who didP"
"Mr. Smith, always
At this moment ti.ehnutfekeepnr chaftc
ed to ea»t her ey^ towards M.'. Smith,
toe prisoner. A cold, dump sweat stood
upon his brow, and bis face had lostall
ttx eolor hu appearei! a living uuage of
She WHS obliged t3 l»e ukjcu from the
court, and a physician whp was present
mmtm liiiiiliifi i imff liftiMiiitirri
^oWic%^ c*at»f^^ ii#«Ikff/ fait«*/J^f»cts/
»55: NO. 35.
mHrm m«*
which lie had not risen when ha wa# in- important concealment. Their search
formed ol the death of the guest. I
ISuch warthe prisoner's address wkioll |,donging to Mr. Thompson was found
produced n powerful elTcct. If war de- here, amounting in value lo some thojs.
very tirm and imprensive and pounds and, to have no room for
doubt,- n bottle was disci.vered, which
the medical mtnjtistantlv pronounced to
contain the very identical pui«on which
lud caused the deaih of the upf'oriunate
the counsel for the
"Wkll, and when open vooMthe door
Window?" {. o, OF KANSAS
••It would.»i vo potlioit .uf Miseumi whieh hard
"I forgot," «aid the counsel, "whether i
JH)II said the closet was on the right or SI"
attend her
for the prosecution
time, the solicitor
(ti»w#nng to our Suite's A'toineO, left
the Court, but no one knew for whit
purpose. 2'resently the ph)s:cian came
into court, aud stated that it would be
impossible lor the Koust kut^er lo resume
her #«ait,j%th« h^ur^r
li was n'most twelve in the day.—
Lord M-Millieid. having directed that the
jury should be accommodated with a
room, where they couli be kepi by
U^iusebno, adjoururd tho court two
hours. The prisoner ii. the meantime
was reninnded to yatl.
It was between four and five o'clock
wheu th# judge resumed hia seal upon
tlie bench. The prisoner waa agaiu
placed al the bar, and the housekeeper
biougl.i in and led to the box. The
CQtv" mom was crowded lo excess, and
an awful silence pervaded the place.
The cross-examining counsel again
addrcs»«d the housekeeper. Said be:
'•I have bui a few more questions to ask
you, ta-ke heed how you answer, for.
your own life hangs on a thread.
Do you know this stopper?"
"ido." y.
••To whom doesi ft 2^
in'itii" ilfi^iBiMgiwli
1- inilftt'r ff
ihq stopper, una hnving a cork in it
I'l e truy was placed on the table, in siglji
of the piisoner ind the wiinrss, nn from
that moment not a doubt remained in the
mind of any man of lb* guilt of the pel
.toner ei li'ie twt.
A few word will britvg tikis tnelanc(io
ly tale to its close. Tho house w here ihe
murder was committed was between nine
and ten niilea distant. The soht ftof, rfk
§«on as the cross ezaminaMon ol' the
housekeeper had discov: ret? the exi^teiiee
of the closet and situation, and had set
off on horseback wi two sheriff# ofii
cers, and ^fter pulling down a part ol
wr a wti
Thompson. The rerult was too obvious
to need explanation.
It scarcely necd9 to be added, that
Smith w.-M convicted and executed, end
brought to this awful punishment by his
own means, llad he said nodiiug—
had he not persisted in calling a witne*#
to prove his innocence, he might have
escaped. But God harf evidently left
him to work his own ruin, a#* jtts*
ward i »r hi* uv»!ul crimeti*
Q/ihe Prr Slatiry C^fntm7iff}\
of Missouri, held at' Lexington, Juty
JO/A—Xttmi* and Character &/ its
l, n
,•«« •'•}'£-•'ft i
i"g» ale Governor of Mtssou
'f *'l^,kaiure
'be Address but
ttj6c re38
r" •»,.nui given. It is
possible that Gov. King w.fl hereafter
6el oul
o!, cfi0il
out of the closet, did HP "gntngthe address are well known to
crs 0,1
u w
Have von ever n^mstl ISffMNiiiaf ^eighteen counties bordermg )n Kansas,
^the greater portion of whieh W separated
4Vom that territory by no natural bound
drath She no sooner saw him thar. jority of her cttrzen#, ready and anxious
*h« shrieked and rtiired. T/ie cause
"»'be gentlemen
the pe» le of the State. Mr. Napton
I wus for iH^ny year# op the liench ol the
I Supreme Court. Sterling Piice is the
present Governor. Mr. Oliver is a
member of Congress. Mr. Woodson is
la lawyer of distinction. And these gen
liunen represeut a large aud respectable
i.Cunven.ion which assembled at Lexing
[ton oil 13 July last.
VTfi -tt:
*t contains, neaily as
ascertained, a population ol
rif y thousand slaves, and their estimated
value, al the prices prevailing here, is
about twenty-live millions of dollars
fh-e whole State contains but about
%ne huntired thousand slaves, it will be
Iseen that one-hnlf of the en'ire slave po
pulation bf Missouri, is located in the
Wy'i an# rr within a daf'V rtdtr oftha
».• •'s
if-- i 'Wi. AQ.J «»,•
lmsouKt—sr. L^tnsL-*
'£*fci*-idca bus in some extertt pre#*+ftd
abroad, that Missouri contained but a
very small slave population, ant} that the
permanence of ihis institution here, w^s
threatened by al least a respectable ma-
quince of her auswet fl ished across her ('ternal pressure was necessary to aceom
mind. She had been so thoroughly de
ceiwd by the mutitier ol '.hu advocate,
ami by the little statements, lint he had
been led on by one que»iion4o another,
till staHiAtt uifd hiJQ ail he wauted lo
abolish it, and that only a slight ex
piish tins ptfrpose: We regret that this
opinion has to some extent received
countenance from the publication and
patronage of journals in otir commercial
metropolis, evidently aiming at such a
result. Without, however, going into
an explanation of poli
which would be entire
At thts4l'utl0*e
"To Mr. fWuh
"W beu did you last see itT"
"On the night of Mr. Thpmpson'#
At thai moment tw rolicitpr ehtered
the court, bringing uUTt hiin upon a tray,
will be proved beyond the poaiutlity ol housekeeper would conbrm tne state a watcti, two money uags, a jewel-case, ooruer, anu yei iortn oi u»e geographic' presume, throughout the
tbink it propel to slate, that
the idea above al-Iudfcd to is unfounded
and that no respectable party can be
found HI this State, on-tside cf Si. Louis,
prepared to in bark in any su schemes.
In that city, constituting the great outlet
of our commerce, as well as that of i»ever
al other Slates ai^Terriipries, it wilUtot
seem surprising that itl heterogeneous
population sfiould furnish a foothold fur
the wildest and most visionary project.
The probabilities of change# her# i»
i'rfSitnce to'slavery, are not essentially
•Jifferent Irom whnt they are in Tenncs
see, Virginia, or Kentucky. In relation
to numbers, a reference to the census
shows that Missouri contains'double the
number of Arkansas, nearly double the
number of Texas, and about an equal
uuai^er with Maryland.
These facta aie staled with a new to
a proper understanding of o«r position
^|iii reference so the settlement cf Kansas,
And the legitimate and necessary ii-teresi
if fell in ilie progress and character of that
seuiemeni- I'ret iuua to the repeal of
tlie Congressional restriction of 1820,
by which Missouri was thrown into an
isolated position in reference lo the ques
lion of sjavery, and made a solitary ex
cep'.ion to a general rul«, her condition
in regard to the territory we&t of her
watch, two money bags, a jewel-case, border, and yet North of the geographic-
ta^ifC^ .or *ict*:b n*t TT & "J1"*
ff.'i aili mm
teriuiitus 1 Southern TiutliuYiuiia
truly unenviable.
rhe wall of the house, had detected this ready and willing to protec* and defend
i 'ii ihem. No alternative was left fr that
body bot to repeal the restriction, and
thus leave to the Constitution and the
j| rewarded. The whole pmperiy
fi «M1
States on "iipr JNmVhern and
E intern border, in many portions of
which ihe Constitution "of the (J^itP,]
States, and the Fugitive Shve Liw, pan
sed in purbuauce ilrtreof, wrre known
to be as ineflicarious for ihe p/tfteciiou of
ot»r #rght8. as they \tould have been in
F/onr.on or Canada, it was left to the
will of Couirre*s, by enforcing ihe res
triction of IH-JO, io cut Missouri off al
most euiirrly?trum all territorinf Connec
tioff with State# h3ving institutions con
genial to her own, and with population#
The address argue# thra point, illus
rotes how the Mrs*o#ri Com[romise
would prove a virtual act of emancipa
Mon, aod how its repeal cstabiishid and
extended slavery as«ai!s the Kansas Aid
The St. Louis Intcliigtncer of ihe i Societies and the Emigrauts, and savs^'be rest in* similar quantities. Eac!
22d, sej We gtv# up a large spac# of i That such a population would be death I prisoner (having his hand# tied behin
our paper, to day, to the AdUiusa ol the i to the peace and security of the neigh I bis back, and labeled on the tail) sppea
Committee appointed by the late Con- boring ^tate of Missouri, and immediate
mention a: Luxington. It is stated that desuuc.ioii ol such owners of slaves, as basket, oter which ht# chained legs dap
had a)Jr.t :idy moved to the Territory of
Kon »i, is io- cles to »dinit of argmnen'.
A liorde of our Western savages, with
avowed purposes of destruction to the
whi'e race, would be less formidable
Inwa of nature, the settlement of our
territori**, or, by retaining ihe restric
tiou, indirectly to abolish slaver'* jn Mis
otiri If ihe latter alternative had to be
selected*, it would have been an act of
charity and mercy to ttie slave holder*
of Missiuri, to v?arn them in time, of!
the necessity of abandoning their homes
or manumitting or se'ling their slaves-—
lo give them ample time to determine be
tween the s.icrifice of fifty millions of
slave property or seventy millions of
fanded estate Direct legislation would
have been preferable to indirect legisla
tioo, leading to the same resulf, and the
enforcement of the restriction in ihe set
tlemeni of Kansas, was virtually the ab
olifion of slavery in Missouri. Bu» Con
gres* acted more wisely, as we think, ol whom, altogether, there may hav(
and wit!i grealer fiJelity tot&W U6fi»tHr-1 been o»e hundred and fi.'ty. The da#
•ion and the Union.
If Kansas could be thus abolitionist'
every additional part of the present pub
lie domain hereafter opened to settlement,
and every fature accession of the territo
ry, would be ihe subject of similar ex
periment, ar.d an exploded Wilmot Pro
viso thus virtually endorsed throughout
at: extended domain still bearing on its
military ensigns th^tftars and stripes of
the Union.**-
MS W,.,
Now the institutions of Ksnsas ar»M
much fixed and as solemnly gtiaraaleed
by statute, as those of Delaware or Tex
as. The laws of Kansas Territory may
be abrogated by succeeding Legislatures
but so also may the laws, and even the
cot.?millions,of Texas and Delaware.—
Kansas only Offers from their condition
iu her limited resource*, her small pepu
lath11, at:d her large amount of market
able lands. There is no difference in
principle between the case supposed if
justifiable in one, it is equally so in the
I other. They differ only in point of
practicability and expediency the one
would bo an outrage, easily pcrceiveil,
promptly met, and speedily repelled the
other r# disguised under the forms of
i emigration, and meets with no populous
i and organized community lo resent it,
With her everything is at stakffTfce
security of a large slave property, the
prosperity of her citizens, and their e:
Pfrpeiu*! agitation and bor
der feuds whilst the
pursuing a
itical'pariies here" be productive of decided injury
e!v font nj to our
ers ar vetl eaph
emisaries of abo
phantom—'an ab-
lition, are
nothing !o their possession and happiness
stractton, which, if realized, could add
to ,he raee for whtfte benefi,J
w HAT oj|oett^?f TO fvkWnr
If Slavery is an evil, and k F# conced with a man and wocMm the latterj it
ed tbaCongres8 cannot interfere with it
in the States, it is most manifest, that its
diffusion through the new territory, where
laud is valueless, and labor produiAive,
tends greully tu ameliorate the condition
of slaves. Opposition- to the extension
of slavery is not, then, founded upon any
philanthropic views, or upon any love for
the slave. It is a mere grasp for politi
cal power, beyond what the Constitution
of the United stales concedes and it is
so understood bj ihe leaders of the
movement. And this sddtiiimal power
is not desired for constitutional purposes
—for the advancement ol the general
welfare or the national reputation. For
such puiposes the majority in the North
i# already »ufiicieni, and uo fntureevents
are likely to diminish it.
If indeed it be true, as public men at
the North have declared, and political
assemblages have endorsed, that n deter
mination has been reached in that quar
ter, to refuse admission to any more
Sta'.es, there is an end to allargument on
the subject. To reject Kausas, or any
other Territory from the Union, simply,
because slavery is recognized wi.hin her
iimits, would be regarded here, and, we
thronghout the eouih-west, as
of ^.trticrtbiug.
For one square (12 lines) in insertion,$1,00
.Jfacb additional insertion, bJ
One column, per year, 400O
One half column, per /ear 24,0®
One fourth 12,0®
Patent nredicines,per column,yearly 5(),(K.
Business ant Professional Cards,not maklbf
more than lines, $5 per )'car.
All advertisements, handediawftheathaviM
fte number of insertions marked therecn, wffl
be published till ontaed out and charged fisr
(£gT A liberal deducflon Blade to ylbrfy
vert.-. is. ...
Attorneys field responsHjIe for all le^U
advertisements iiandetl in tiv them.
a tfisimci and unequivocal step towards^
dissolution of ihe Union. We pre*ua||
tt would he so regarded everywhere
North and South. T&ken in connectioik
with the abrogation of that provisional
the Constitution which enforces thi
rights of the owners of Slaves in all thft
8i?ies of the UuitJn, inio which theft
might escape, which baa been effe:tejf
practically throughout nearly all the frew
States, and more formally, by soleml
legislative enactments, in a portion df
them, the rej ction of Kansas on account
of slavery would be disunion in a
of grossest iosu't to the sixteen slat
States now comprehended in the
It vrould be a declaration that
was incompatible with republics!
emmem, in the face of at leaM two fuflb
mal recognitions of its legality, ia ternu^
by the Federal Constitution.
Signed tgr W*- W- NAPTOM, Ch'f
•j m,
8. H. WOOD#OM^ .|(|.
following from the "Friend of China,
of March 14:
The execution had been tiaed fof
noon. At 11 12 half a-dozsa men
rived with knives preceded by boarei
of rough deal wood boxes, decorate^
with bloody aides. These were the cof
fins. Unconcern with the general ap|
pearance of the soldiers and spectator
-dull, a fresh breze from the eastwaix
earn rng the atench away from foreign*
ers, who to ihe number of a dozen, ha£
obtained admittance to the top of on#
of the bouses on the far side of the sti
passing thfe entrance of this 'field
blood.' At llf the first batch of teJ
prisoners arrived, speedily followed b]
to have 5*ee0 thrust duwn in a wick
led loosely, the body ridiag uncomforta*^
bly, and markeu with a long paper laity
pasted on a slip of bamboo thrust bet
iwcen the prisoner's jacket and hia bad
These 'man baskets,' slung with small
cords, were carried on bamboos on thP*'
shoulders of two men. As the prison!
e to kneel witf
his faee to the south. In a spaee op
about 20 feet by 12 we counted aa man£
as 70, ranged in half a dozen rows.
5 minutes to twelve a white button mac
dsrrin arrived, and the two to be first ct
in pieces were tied to the erosae#.*4»
While looking at this frightening process
the executiua commenced, aud 20 or 3#
most have been headless before we werlt
aware of it. The only sound to bit
heard was a horrid ch#ep, eheep, cheeps
as the knives fell« One blow was suffif*
cient for cach-ths head tumbling betwee||
the legs ol the victim before it. As th#
sword falls, the blood-gushing trunl
springs forward, falls on the breast, anj
Is stilt forecer* ••in four artnules the def^
captation was complete, and then oa thjh
other victim# eoaamenced the barbaritj
which^o think ol is sufficiently barbaric
With a short, sharp knife a slice was ci
off from under each arm. A low, #upp*
pressed, fearful groan from each followed
the operation of the weapou. Dexle%
ous as butchcrs, a slice was taken #u
eessively by the operators from the calv«
rhe thighs, and then from each breast.
We may suppose—we mny hope—th^t
by this lime the sufferers were io#en#|i
ble to pain but they were not dead.-sir
I he knile was then struck into the alj|
domen, which was ripped up to tbttf
breastbone, and the blade twisted roucd
and round as the heart waa sep«rate4
from its holding. Up to this momen(hi.
having once set eyes on the victim undfjft
torture, they had become fixed as by fa*
oination but they could be riveted therit
no longer. A whirling sensation
through the 'brain and il was with dtf
culty we could keep ourselves from fa
ing. But thi# was not all the lashir
were then eut, and the head, being tie4
*y the tail to a limb of the cro#t, WM
severed from the body, which was the*
dimemhered of hands and arms, feet ihii
legs separately. After this the oftin'd**
*ri#s left the ground to- return, how%tej&
said, the wife of one of the rebel chisfe
—the man a leader of some rank Th#
woman was cut up in the way we havii
described for the man a fflrtre horribljjl
punishment was decreed. He was flay*
ed alive. We did not see this, but ft
was witnessed by ih« sergeant of marines,
of he United States, J. P. P. Kennedjf
—the cry at she first insertion of th*
knife across the forehead, and th^ pulfc
ing of the flesh over the eyes, beitw
most horrible."
—From California papers receive&by th*
last steamer, we learn that a cargo of sa||
taken from the beds in lower 6aliforni#v
situated about ft-ve milfts in the interior^
wesi from Foint San Quaniin, had beep
received in Sanfranciaco. The bed, $
lake, as it is termed, from which the eaf#
go of salt was procured, extends overojl
area of about one mile in tength by ihret
quarters of a mrie in width. It# depth
average* about four inches solid crystal
salt. Adjacent to this hed is another tftf
much greater dimensions, and it is est!?
mated that, at the centre of this deposit^
the aaliUcs full sixteen leet.
XST It 1# said the Rev. Edward Beech*
er is io be settled as the pastor of a ne|
Congregational society to be formed

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