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CLAI1KSYILLE, TEIVN., FKIDAY, MAY 10, 1801.
Printed Weekly, on a double-medium sheet ever,
Friday morning, bv
NEBLETT & GRANT,
I'ublithrm and Proprietor .
TJtHS: $2 rATf AAn'UM IX ADVANCE
TERMS OF ADVERTISING,
roa oNt guRt or twklvk likes or leu.
J. P. WILLIAMS,
(Successor to C. H. Smith.)
Receiving, Forwarding and Coramis
' tslon Merchant,
CORKER OF FRONT & MAIN STS.
Clarksville, - - Tennessee.
I'rompt attention paid to the Storage and Sale of
Tobacco and all kinds of produce.
Nor. 2, '00-ly
Southern Express Company,
OfTlC" Same buililiny occupied by him at an
Jnturanct Office, North- Went Comer of
Public Square, near Uoort'i Hotel.
Goods, Packages, Money and Valuables forwarded
to and from all parts of the United States and Eu
rope. e. S. WILLIAMS, Agent.
' Oct. 19, IPo.-t j-inr.
' WHUf.HALt AND RETAIL rC.VI.KHa IN
Ciiioltoiiiii, Cigar. Ac., Ac.
VLAlth S V7 L I. E , TU V.V.
ALL orilcr from n distance (accompanied with
the cash) will be met punctually and upon very
ttnotuih!e trra. ,
No 27, '58-1 T
J. H. JOHNSON,
A tto r ii yy at 3 'j a w ,
or riot O BTIlAtVUKItHY ali.iy,
Jkdj.miiiijf the Court-house, CLARKSVILLE. TE.
(li t 5, '60-ly
OFFICE and lesidence, corner .M:iii and Fourth
Streets, opposite Cumburlund Presbyterian Church.
February 1, 13C1--I.V.
B. A, ROGERS,
on Franklin Street,
Will attend promptly to the collection of all
la'iins entrusted to his care.
Feb 17, letiO-tr
J. J. CrTSMAM. ('. MlTCHtI.1..
CRUSMAN & MITCHELL,
CRUSMAN & JOHNSON,
WUOLLSALE and RETAIL (JKOfEKS,
And Cornmission Merchants,
Franklin Strct, Clarksville, Tennessee.
F'rb. 22, 1900 tf.
Tobacco Factor, and General
NO. UtS COMMON STREET,
The molt particular and I'nreful attention will be
(tiven to the sale of all dccriptijn of WrsUrn
Produce, to filling orders, and forwarding merchan
dise. All property consigned to ine will he covered by
my open policy oi' insurance, unless picificd oth
erwise in the bill of lading nccotnpani ing it.
Nov. 9, (W-ly
Fino Tablo Cutlery, &c.
n AVISO recently relumed from the E.i tern cii
ics w ith a full and ell selected stock, pur. -h.i-e.l on
first hands, thereby saving the Jobbers' profit, we are
uab'cd to offer our Goods nt
WIIOMALK AND 11GTAII.
it XevVork Prlro I
I&rn. Our PLATED WAKE we sell at Manufac
turer List Prices.
Jobbing promptly attended to.
fail at the sign of the Big Watch, Public Square
o. i:. cooke.
Clnrksville. Tenn.. Oct. 19, IstM-tl'
The present sctrsloaef tiiiilloui ishiug Institution
w ill end the Clli day of June, and the m xt be
t,iu ou the lirsl Monday ot September, t ii 1 .
The charges are from $rito$j p r sc-mou of
i'o wt.k:', wttli ii t tvfeiou as ivuti.'cnt cn u-
Hoarding, including lodging, washing, rucl urn)
lights can be hud In private families for $ii." per
The uce ol t tie College has been and is very
!ccii!cd ami llaiuii ig, and its prospects in future
atrv vei v i.ioiuisin. I
For further particulars inquirv iu.iv li irui of
Vh Pu-.i.U-iit. U. !r. McW-thi '
i 1 U "V '. M'l I V .
For the Chronicle,
To Miss Mary .
On receiving from her a Blue Cockade..
IT i VOLfNTKER.
"In hoc tiyno wmcei,"
Was the old Crusader' cry.
As he sped him to the battle,
With his banner waiving high.
And his heart was nerved with strength
By the cross, his battle-sign,
So shall this work, of thy fair baud
This Blue Cockade nerve mine I
And in a holier conflict
Than Crusader ever knew,
I'll strike for Home and Southern Rights
For Glory, and for Tot? I
And should I live to win and wear
A soldier's well-earned fame,
But let my "bounty" be thy smile
TU all that I would claim.
But if I fall, Ot strive my soul
With thy fond tear and prayer;
Then feck this emblem next my heart
, You'll find it treasured there!
Camp Founts, May lit 1801.
Delegates from a large number of counties in the
Slates, appointed by the people heretofore compo
sing the Union party, met in this city at two P. XI
ou the 2d hist., pursuant to previous notice.
At a preliminary meeting held in the morning, a
committee was appointed to report permanent offi
cers, consisting of C. T. Trigg, Esq., of Knox ; Jno-
S. Brien, of Davidson ; R. P. Cnldwell of Gibson ;
W. II. Cherry, of Hardin, and Wru. J. Kelly, o'
Iluu. Josiah M. Anderson, of Seqtiutchee, being
temporary Chairman, called the Convention to or
' Col. Trigg, from the above Committee, reported
and recommended the following permanent offices
of the Couveulion, which report was unanimously
rretident. Col. WM. H. POLK, of Maury.
Vice PrtfiJents. Hon. Jouk Haxtkr, of Knox;
Jons St'UMKim, Esq., of Weakley.
Sccrctanee. John M. Fleming, Esq., of Knox,
and II. K. Walker, of Davidson.
The Convention being organized. Hon John S.
Brieu proposed the following preauihl? and resolu
Wiikkeas, The Union party of the State of Ten
nessee did heretofore appoint delegates from each
county in the State, to meet in the city of Nashville
on this day for the pui pose of nominating a candi
date lor Governor;
Axn Wiikkkas, Since suid npKintmeuts, the as
pect of ull'airs, both civil and military, in the Gen
eral nud Stale Uovcrnmei.ty, has undergone u most
alarming change; that now, instead of peace and
harmony, the whole peopleof the United Slates (so
to speak ) are arrayed in hostile demonstrations of
fraternal strife ;
We, the delegates here assembled, representing
tho three grand divisions of the State, deem it prop
er fur us to express our opinion as to who would be
the bi.it man to be made ll.c Governor of the State
ot 'lYuiies-ce. suriouiided ns we now are.
Under the difliculiics which now surround us,
and the perils w hich uie plainly before us. involving
all unit i.4 dear to us as a people and ns a IM.ttc, it
is. in our estimation, a matter of the greatest mo
ment to each and every mau, wanian uud cUild iu
the State of Tennessee, that we have as Commander
and Chief of the Army mid Navy of Tennessee, a
military chieftain and civilian of large experience in
both departments ; a man of" known courage and
honesty, integrity, firmness, prudence, humanity,
and n well balanced and sagacious, informed mind ;
so that our sons, brothers and ourselves may lie pro
tqpted in the trials, hardships, and dangers of the
Itciolccd, That in our opinion, not intending to
disparage any one, all the above characteristics are
concentrated more fully in the Hon. Williaiii B.
Campbell, of Wilson county, than any other mau
iu the State, uud we do therefore mo3t respectfully
recommend him to the people of Tennessee as their
candidate for Governor, believing as we do that he
is the very man tor the occasion.
The preamble and resolutions were adopted with
out a diluting voice.
On motion of Mr. Baxter, the Secretaries were
requested to furnish copies of the proceedings to the
Nashville press, and the press throughout the State
wee requested to copy the same.
Hon. Horace Maynani, of Knox, then moved that
the Convention adjourn tine die, which motion pre
vailed. And the Convention adj.iurned.
WM. II. POLK, J'reudent.
Jno. M. Fleming, 1 P ,
11. lv. Walk tit, j
Tho Blockade of Southern Ports.
A correspondent of the Sew York Day Dvok
stales the following facts:
The Prc:ideut of the United Slates has declared
all the pons lu the feceded Slates in a state of
blork.ule. I have taken the trouble of carefully
naming the statute laws of the United States, and
niu unable to tiud any law of the Federul Union
whkh authorizes him to act in the manner stated.
: On the contrary, the Constitution of tic.' United
' Stales ixprcssly stales that ' Congress has no power
tj maUe rules concerning capture on taint mi, I tra
iler." This clause prohibits the President from ex
lercising such a prerogative, as you an I every fou-
' s.hle man w ill perceive ; an I iu my mind when
the President attempts by force of anus to enforce
the laws, he ought to refrain at the same time
from violating them. I notice that the war jour
nals of the metropolis advocate the chartering of
aruii'd merchant vessels by the 1'resi '.cut to aid iu
blockadlmr the Southern ports. If he possesses
such authority,, then "hy is it that Congress
deemed i: necessary and w ithin the scope of its
powers to nulhoriie the President, at the opening
of the Mexican war, to purchase or charier and
e 1 1 1 1 1 and man such merchant vessels and steam
boats as upon examination may bo found lit, or
easily (ouerii'd into armed vessels lit for public
service? S-e U. S. Statutes ut I.nrge, t, p. 10.
This Act expired l v its own proN isious. lu con
clusion, permit im to say that 1 dare any individual '
to prove that Lincoln is authorized by the Fedeial ;
Constitution, or any law passed ill pursuance there-1
of to '
1st, Derlare uny port or ports of the Union in a
state of blockade, u.id
'Jnd, Tochaiter, buy, arm aud equip merchant i
mssiU for public service ns he already bus done, j
Gtx. F. K. ZoLLicwriiB. We lielicve that the
.. ' . . ' . ... . ...
rnen.ls N.ulliern Itighls, III lennesMe, are rtia-
lo har, no,-e ou any good Southern i...... for
!io ,or, w iiLoutlhe formalities of I ouveia,.,,,.
and we know of no ...an in the Stale that would be
im.... acceptable lo Ihe people thau Gen. V. K. Zol-
llcollcr. lie is well and favorably kuown lo ih.
State. s good and true man. We would I gl id
hi me proper tune, lo see nil. iiniugiil loiwuru lor
1 i.. ..;... 11 .. -n .... .... u-i
.. .1 ... ....- i .
P .- ..-. j.
' C Mli '..
h is lb
e bet w ay of rfuor . .
hoi reluming llu in
oiuaii . i
ExitruTiva Dkpartmknt. 1
Nashville, April 25th, 18C1.
Gentlemen of the Senate
and Houte of Reprctcntativei :
The President of the United States elected ac
cording to the forms of the Constitution, but upon
principles openly hostile to its provisions having
wantonly inaugurated an internecine war between
the people of the slave and non-slavcholding States
of this Union, I have convened you again at the
seat of Government, for tho puriiose of enabling
you to take such action as will most likely contrib
safety of our people ; all of which nre now in im
mincnt peril by the usurpations of the authorities
at Washington, and the unscrupulous fanaticism
which runs riot throughout the Northern States.
The war thus inaugurated is likely to assume an
importance nearly, if not equal, to the struggle of
our revolutionary fathers, in their patriotic elforts
,o resist the usurpations and throw oil the tyrannic-
al yoke of the English Government; a Var the tlleir unholy hauds in the innocent blood of our
duration of which and the good or evil that must I people, from no worthier motive than a desire to
result from it, depends entirely, in my judgment, j destroy our equality and subvert our liberties,
upon the readiness with which the citiiens of the Therefore. I resiieetfully recommend the perfect
South harmonize as one people, and the alacrity lnK of " Ordinance by the General Assembly, for
with which tbey respond to the demands of patri-1 "'""y declaring the independence of the State of
otjsm ITenncssee of the Federal Union, renouncing its nn-
I do not think it necessary to recapitulate, at this j
late hour, the long train of abuses to which the
people of Tennessee, nnl our sister Mutes 01 tne
South, have been subjected by the anti-republicnn
spirit that has for many years been manifesting
itself in that section, and which has at last declar
ed itself our open and avowed enemy. In the
Message which I addressed to you at your called
session in January last, these things were some
what elaborately referred to, as constituting in my
judgment, the amplest reason for considering our
selves in imminent danger nod as requiring sucn
action on the part of the Legislature as would place
the' State in an attitude for defence, whenever Jhe
momentous crisis should be forced upon us; and,
also as presenting to the North the strongest argu
ment for peace, and if possible, securing a recon
struction of the Uuion, thus already dissolved by
the most authoritative, formal and matured action
of a portion of the slaveuolding States. Minor
differences upon abstract questions the ardent de
votion of our people to the preservation of the
Union, originating with their great loyalty to the
Government and a more hopeful view of the sub
ject than I had been able to take, coupled with the
supposed peacef'al intentions of the authorities at
Washington, have resulted in leaving the State
poorly prepared for the sad realities which are nov
But unfortunate as this may be, I am neverthe
less, encouraged with the belief that we are at lost,
practically, a united people. hatever dillerciices
may have heretofore existed among us, growing
out of party divisions ns to the right of Secession
as a Constitutional remedy against Federal usurpa
tion, all admit the moral right asserted by our fath
ers, of each and every people to resist wrong, and
to maintain their liberties by whatever means may
be uecessary ; "that Governments derive their just
powers from the consent of the govcred, and that
whenever any form of government becomes des
tructive of the ends for which it was created, it is
the right of the people to alter or abolish it, and to
institute a new government, laying its foundation
on such principles and organizing its powers in such
form as to them shall seem most likely to ellect
their safety and happiness." Standing by this
common sentiment; with the bloody und tyrannic
al policy of the Presidential usurper fully before us;
iu the face of his hordes of armed soldiery, inarch
ing to the work of Sou'heru subjugation ; the peo
ple of the proud Commonwealth of Tennessee
true to their honor, true to the great principles of
free institutions, true to the lessons of their fath
ers, and true to their brethren of the South, the
subjects ot a common oppression hae united,
almost with one voice, in declaring their tixed re
solve to resist the tyrant; nud in pledging their
lives, their fortunes, uud their sacred honor to the
niuiiitainiince of their rights, aud the rights of their
sislcr States of the South.
It cannot be overlooked that, in assuming an at
titude of this character forced upon us by tha re
markable exigency of the times we are, in effect,
dissolving our connection with the Federal Union.
As established by our fathers, that Lnion no longer
exists. However nr-ch we may have cherished it
heretofore, no intelligent and candid man can deny
that it has ceased to be a blessing, and has liecoine
a curse; that it is no longer a hii.h and sacred
means of protection, but an engine of oppression ;
that it has ceased to be a bond of brotherhood, and
has hecomu a hateful connection between commu
nities nt war. It would be idle, therefore, to speak
of ourselves any longer as meuiliers of the Federal
In ion; and while it is believed bj many, whose
opinions are entitled to the highest respect, that, bv
reason of the subversion of the Constitution by Ike
authorities iu power, inaugurating a revolution be
tween the States thereof, each and every individu
al is already released from his former obligations to
that government, yet, as comporting with the dig
nity of tho subject, and also from a due regard to
those who may hold n different opinion and far
ther still, that all the world may be advised of our
actio1! I respectfully suggest that our connection
with the Federal Union be formally annulled iu
such manner as shall involve the highest exercise
of sovereign authority by the people of the State,
and best at cure that harmony, so much to l de
sired, in times like the present, upon questions even
of mere detail. Until this is done many conscien
tious citizens may feel embarrassed in their action
from Iheir supposed relation lo the General Gov
ernment, lu emergencies like the pieseut, while it
is our duty to act with due deliberation ami pru
dence, unbiased us far as possible by excitement or
prejudice, it ij nevertheless of the highest iiupol t
amc that we should act with promptitude and de
cision. Whatever grounds of hope may have been sup
posed to exist heretofore for an adjustment of the
difficulties betweeu the two sections of Hie Federal
Uuiou; however anxious we may have been to con
tinue members of the same common family with
the people of the North, such hope and expectation
no longer exist in the mind ot any rational mm.
who deiires to maintain the honor ami equality ol
the Slate, and Ihc inviolability of her peculiur in
stitutions. The present Administration, elected uihjii avowed
purposes of hostility lo tho South puiHies w hich
all knew then, ns well as now, could hot be carried
iuto effect, w ilhout nil internecine war and a disso
lution of the Union has exerted eery energy, re
sorted to every strategy, and disreg.rded every con
stitutional barrier, iu order to hasten the accom
plishment of the unholy mission for w hich the peo
ple of the Northern sectiou hud elevated it to power.
They have lost no time they have neither hesita
ted nor faltered. The low duplicity iu which their
adniinis'ration was inaugurated trusting, while
conceding nothing, to lull ihe South into a fata) se
curity, furnishing ground for divisions iu the ilorder
Slave States, while constant though secret prepara
tion for the work of subjugation was going on, is
now exposed and leaves us no alternative but inde
pendence out of the Union or subjugation in it.
The dishonorable and treacherous pr n iiics w hich
have so far characterized the authorities nt Wash
ington adiiioni-h us, that iu the inipcmlnv struggle
we are scarcely to expect the rules of honorable
warfare. Having its origin in a disordered moral
sentiment of the North not finding the ordinary
restraints of patriotism among their people deriv-
iug its power from a usurjiation and perversion of
Ulia functions ol Government having no middle
tfe'round shurt ot 'positive subjugation ot the South,
. ... .. .l..Li u lti..li .viun. il. ilidirruf... In 1 1ll. ei v i !
V". . '
, '"'d or..t-l fear t ne time lias pos-eu wi.cn peace
'"'' ld by the mere moral force
united South, without a trial of arms. I iv ing
.-oulusing and dividing .he border
(Slave States, they have had ample time for .miliary
I l-lMt.os. The veil which concealed ..r re-
cent iiinvi'tm.nT-i n.iu i...ii iiiri.u-n Mtfeirc I iim iiiiih
; ........ - -- ... -
of war U.u been souuded. and in the imntr.ul li.i-
I ....,.,,; ,,...,. .... ..,.1 .a" .,...
i federate Mates and all who ymitbif wuh them
- ' are iieaie i as reocis, as'i twenty UAia aiiowcn uicui i
lo "di-j irsf'' ami return In Iheir allegiance Hi tl.e
authorities at Washington. Without waiting for
the expiration of the twenty days, in addition to
the regular army and uaval forces, a militia lorcc
of seventy-five thousand hits been cal'ed into the
field to execute this edict, by the .power of arm,
As if purposely intended to add additional insult to
the people of Tennessee, 1 have been called upon,
ns their Governor, to furnish a portion of these
troops. I have answered that demand ns in my
judgment became the honor of the State, and leave
I lie people to pass npun my action.
The Federal Union of the States, thus practically
dissolved, can never be restored; or if ever thus
of free and independent States, such s our fathers;
established. It will beconu. acon.solida.ed, central-
bted government .without lilrty or quality, in
which some will reign and others serve-tl.c few
tyrannize nnd the ninny sufler. It would be the
nmnioci rii ... c.,r ii.o nf m
peaceful Union, ui.on terms of fraternity and caual-1
ity, nt the end of an internecine war. There, can
be no desirable Union without fraternity. And if
we could not have that, before the unholy crusade
which is now being waged against us, we cannot
have it alter they shall have wantonly imbrued
"loruy, ana re-assuming eacn ana every function
(belonging to a sepcrute sovereignty ; and that said '
. ,uu., yv.n.n.-u
b)' tuc Legislature, shall, at the earliest practicable
time; be submitted to a vote of tho people, to be
oy tiieni adopted or rejected.
When the people of the State shall formally de
clare their connection w ith the remaining States of
the Union dissolved, it will be a matter of the
highest expediency, I might almost say of unavoid
able political necessity that we shall at the same
time, or as soon thereafter ns may be, connect our
selves with those with whom a common interest, a
common sympathy, and a common destiny identify,
us, for weal or for woe. That ench of the Southern
Stales, as they throw oft" their connection with the
Federal Government, should take an independent
position in tho contest, without that concert ol ac
tion which can alone be secured by political unity,
is a proposition which surely no one will assent to,
who anticipates the dangers of the hour and the
necessity for perfect harmony iu the work of our
Such a political Union with the people of the
Confederate States is rendered essential; by the fact
that we have made no provision for arming, organ
izing, provisioning and embodying our military
forces, while the Government of the Confederate
Stales, foreseeing this invasion, has had an eye to
the necessities of tho emergency and stands pre
pared generously to lend us its assisiance iu this un
provoked and cruel struggle. If wo accept that
assistance, we should do it in a spirit of mutual
trust and confidence, prepared to share its burdens
equally, while we avail ourselves of its advantages.
A Government thus perfectly organized can more
thoroughly command the resources and aggregate
the revenues of the country than isoluicd States,
fighting without unity, and moving without a
common and rcsjionsible head. These resources,
being thus concentrated, because it is natural intui
tion to rally around such a Government, in such an
emergency, for self-preservation and defence, can
be disbursed with more efficiency, and with less
eoRt to tie t.0,i0 t,an w10 ie revenues, neressa-
ry to support the war, are stuttered by divided
counsels and not controlled by a common bureau.
The same may be said with regard to military ope
rations. Unify of movement, to secure unity of
purpose in attack or defence, is absolutely necessary
to succeSK. The people of the whole South, thus
united by a firm political compact, moving under
the direction of one Government, and animated by
the sense of common perils and by a unanimous
determination to maintain their rights, liberties and
institutions, are invincible, and must speedily con
quer an honorable eace. The war must neccssa.
rily bo protracted or brief in proportion to the
Lniou among themselves.
I, therefore, further recommend Unit you peifcct
un ordinance, with a view to our admission as a
member of the Southern Confederacy, (which, it is
evident, must soon embrace the entire Bluveholding
States of the South,) to be submitted in like man
ner, and at the some time, hut stparately, for ndo
lion or rejection by the M'ople; so that they may
have the opportunity to approve the former und re
ject the latter, or adopt both, as in their wisdom
may seem most consistent with the future welfare
of the Suite. However fully satisfied tho Execu
tive and Legislature may be, as to the urgent ne
cessity for the speedy adoption of U,th these prop
ositions, it is our duty to furnish tho amplest
menus tor a fair and lull expression of the popular
In the opening of a revolution, fraught with such
consequences, and the close of which no one can
foresee, it is n matter of the highest moment that
we determine, ns speedily as possible, our future po
litical relations, delaying only long enough to reach
the will and voice of the people. Under existing
circumstances, 1 can see no propriety lor cncuni
boring )he people of the State with tho election of
delegates, to do that which it is in your power to
enable tlictn to do directly for themselves. The
most direct as well ns the highest act of sovereignty,
according to our theory, is that by which the peo
ple vote, not merely for men, but for measures
submitted for their approval or rejection. Since it
is only the voice of the people that is to be heard.
tlKie is no reason why they may not as readily and
effectively express themselves upon an ordinance
framed and suhimited to them by the Legislature,
as if submitted to them by a Convention. Tho
.Southern Slates, all of whom are now engaged in
resistance to the cii'Toachinent of Abolition power,
will necessarily encounter embarrassments, arising
from a wunt of unity of action, until such time us
tucy shall ull be united under a common govern
The mode of action suggested, in addition to the
advantage of its being the speediest ot all others,
will be attended with less expense to the Slate,
w hich is of far greater importance now thau at any
former period of our history, owing to the general
embarrassment of the people, which must continue
ut least during these troubles, aud lo the heavy n
proprialioiis that you ill have necessarily to make,
lo defray the expense of our defences,
If, however, it should be deemed advisable that u
convention, representing thesovereiguly of the peo
ple, should be called by the General Assembly, in
preference to submitting an ordinance of independ
ence directly to them, though I deem the latter
measure more expedient, under the circumstances, I
am not prepared to say that harmony and uiianuui
tv will not thus be effected. The Sciiatiw and
Representatives, coming, as they do, directly from
their constituents, are the best judges of this meas
ure. It cannot be regarded other than a question
of detail, ina'tiiuch as a very luio majority ol
the peuplo regard themsolves as being forever ab
solved from all obedience to a Government Unit has
developed the coldest and most deliberate purpose
lo inaugurate, a civil and sauguiuary war among
I deem it pitijKT to remark in this connection
that the Constitution of the Coufedorale States,
while it retains nil that isvuluable of tho Constitu
tion of the former United Slates, is an improve
ment in many essential poiuts iini that instru
ment, as conceded by those even who were un
friendly to thu mode and manner in which it
The only additional matter In which 1 shall call
your attention and first in nniiortaiice is the lie-
j cessity of such legislation as will put the Stale upon
' 1 1 f. i n .r i it, nieil iu lei if I hill n,.l intuit Viinr
r "" "
intelligence or ques.ion your r. uriousm so ,ar us .
resort to argument to prove the uoossity of th s
I measure, but content myself by recommending the
; passage of a law regalaliiig the raising and thol-
(.gh organ,,.aioi, o. an efiicieiit volunWer force ba-
imuied.a.e Service, ... any emergency which may
; , - - - - - --. r . , ,
Itie luihl.a. so that lu r o! nmvssity the whole
ur mm M intiruue I mill i.eii.'.L uii'Hni.'n o I .11
lP,, ,,.sui. I- k,,.1,I. lanuehl ii.l.. ,.
In toy n.eKsnge to your rxtr Msior in January
t laid l.n.vi. vou the rrje.i of Ih- Ketper of
public Arras, showing the number", character, and'
'condition of the arms of the Stole, to which I refer I
I you for information on that subject. Since that re-1
mrt was made, I have ordered and received at the !
i arsenal, fourteen hundred ritle mu.A-ets. If unon
this subject further or more accurate information is
desired, it shnll he laid before you by the report of
me proper umccr.
It requires no argument from me to prove the ab
solute necessity of an immediate appropriation of a
sum sullieient to thoroughly arm and equip such
nilitnry force a. the State may proUbly need in
"uuiiiT mm aim eiiinp jura
the prospective difficulties which lie before us. U
addition to which. I respectfully recommend tlml,
vou appropriate a sum suflicicnt to proviMon and
Liu. i n m- L
mple contingent military fund, to be subject to
the order and disbursement of a Military Board.
under such restrictions as you may see proper to
The tnh1Uh,n,t f . Milit.,. n..rA m ..i.i 1
of at least three persons, and invested with power
to make all needful rules and regulations for organ-
ization and mainenmico, t regard as indispensably
ncecswy to a pen'e'-t niiliutry orgauizution and
equipment in the State, mid the fact that the Legis
lature cannot foresee and provide for the various
contingent expenses, necessarily incidental to a
state of war, justifies and makes necessary the con
tingent military fund referred to.
I trust, gentlemen, that I have not so far mistaken
your intelligence and patriotism, as to render it
necessary that I should invoke you in the name of
all that is sacred and dear to us as a people even
the sanctity of our domestic firesides to forget
past differences, and whatever may tend in the least
to distract your counsels in the present momentous
crisis, in which we have been involved by the un
provoked and tyrannical usurpation of a people
who, forgetting the lessons of their fathers, have
overthrown the fairest Government upon earth, in
the mere wantonness of an unnatural sectional
prejudice amounting to a sectional hate and a dis
regard of those great principles of justice and
equality upon which the Federal Union was based.
I trust that to-day there are in Tennessee no Whigs,
no Democrats; but that wo are one people all
patriots; all brothers, recognizing a common interest
and a common destiny ; and that we will stand as
one man in defence of our honor and of our rights.
1 pray you to cultivate a feeling of this kind, and
to disseminate it amongst your constituents. It is
only by such united and determined action, on the
part of the people of the whole South, that we can
hope to avoid the calamities of the bloodiest and
most devastating civil war that has afflicted any
nation in the history of the civilized world.
I trust that a few days will bo amply tnflieient
to dispose of the business which I have laid before
you. Your presence may soon be needed in the
held, and if not, will be required at home for coun
sel among your constituents.
Trusting that an All W ise Providence may watch
over your deliberations and direct you in the ado
tion of such measures, as may must subserve the
maintenance ot the rights aud liberties of the peo
ple, I submit the determination of these matters to
ISHAM U. HARRIS.
Denies the Soft Impeachment.
One of our native poets, tickled at a little cir
cumstance that happened in his family, in a senti
mental fit rushed out with it and attempted to
father it upon tho carelessness of St. Peter ; but
that old custodian, it will be seen, denies the soft
impeachment. The two "jiius" are among the
current litcrajuro of the day :
my child's oniom.
One uight as old St. Peter slept,
lie left thu door of Heaven ajar,
When through a little angel crept,
And came down with a falling star.
Oue summer, as the blessed beams
Of uioru approached, my blessed brido
Awakened from some pleasant dreams,
Aud found that ungel by her side.
God grant but this I ask no more
That when he leaves this world of sin,
He 11 wing his way to that blessed shore,
And find the door of Heaven again.
ST. PETEIIS UE1LY.
Full eighteen hundred years or mora
I've kept my door securely tied;
There is uo "little angel" strayed,
Nor lias been missing all the while.
I did not sleep, as you supposed,
Nor leave the door of Heaven ajar;
Sor has a '-little angel" left,
. And gone down with a falling star.
Go ask that " blushing bride," and Seo
If she wont frunkly own nud say,
That when she found that angel babe,
She found it by the good old way.
God grant but this I ask no more
That should your number be enlarged,
You won t do ns you did before,
Aud lay it to old Peter's cburge.
Tho Position of Delaware-
Wo find tho following proclamation of the Gov
ernor of Delaware in one of our Philadelphia ex
changes which vouches for its authenticity:
To the Cititent of the Stall of Delaware :
Whereas, a requisition has been made upon the
undersigned, as the Executive of the said State of
Delaw are, by the hecrelnry oi Vt ar, for oue regiment,
conf isting of 6even hundred and. eighty mea, to lie
immediately delinked from the nithtia of this State,
'to serve as infantry or riflemen, for the period of
three months, unless sooner discharged.' And
w hereas, the laws of "his State do uot confer tipoa
the executively authority enabling hi in to comply
with such requisition, there being no organized mi
litia, nor any law requiring such orgunUalion: And
whereas it is the duty of all good and h.w-abiding
citizens to preserve the peace and Bti-tain the laws
ami government under which we livo,and by which
our citizens are protected :
Therefore; I, William liurton, Gunrrnor of the
said Stale of Delaware, recommend fhe formation of
volunteer companies, for the protection of the lives
and properly of tho people of this Stat against vi
olence of any sort to which they may be cxsed.
ror ihese purposes, such companies, when loruien,
w ill be under Ihe control ot the Suite authorities,
though not subject lo bu ordered by the Executive
into tho United States' service, the luw not vesting
in him such authority. They will, however, have
the option of offering their services to the general
government for tho det'enie of its Capital, and ihe
su'Hmrt of the Constitution and laws of the country
In witness whereof, i.e., Ac. April 23th, Itftil. j
WILLIAM BURTON. :
By the Governor :
Secretary of Stale.
n TZ i."- V ,; V l.wi nMiTulsilav
olibii, he saw a purtNf gemen, dusty with
BjY-The Richmond Dispatch of Wednesday ays
travel and panting with hot basle. l.icse weic uie
I 'rtn ureet Jjaukers, on their way to the White
I .. L .1... V...u V.., L I Im ,.1.1 rr-ltfll'K MM ll lir.
I Housr. " " " " " T- ..-
rviuK to Washington lo oner . ,e,r . '
imminent. They we hurr,.. there. tol; hJ-
,lirI,e,, for . very d.lh rcnt purpose, .,, : fo
i)V1,u lUimn Heaven .name, o stop h.s pro-
,mlin,,,, lo. , present at Wt till some , iu.
,ellt ,,,, interfere, or New ork ould be ruined.
r'i lit tttir r.ii ir.kiti 1 ru HULiii.riir.
I "" r n "
Th Boston Herald f one hundred young men
have lelttu.t riiv f'oi the South withir a few da).,tri those, b Ihey f'nv i,r many,
recruit, f.r ! srnij r Ihe fonl'cd.i.t. K'Kn
Plans for tho Campaign
The South to be overrun The Southern .
J tojde to be u!,j united St. Louie, Lou-j
itville, Mcmjjhii, liultiviore, die, to be ta
ken and held.
Frwm Harper's Weekly.
With such support, and such resources, If this
war be not bnmgut to a speedy close, and the su- j
hlwll.1,..,riK c . . - :ii .1.1 . i
,V ' . V J .u T , VVBU"
nco ln " ' " ' nu"""u
... .' . . . . . I
., "A? .. pT" ,08," , ', ' , C(n'U7 Wh'CU lv Rl a( 7, I . ""' V'"
has already incurred at the.ly tl 50) to lay on the KrouUd or throw
th'ln ina"?uw twilM , b ' A , gurd duty
'T'""' in tn" ' "ur1 L'1. tnUc tuoa .during a rain stovm. ,Mot of the CMtent
Z, thni tl.iV . Z iYm r rtriHi J
oer mat tins is no lime tor inning.
i'l'l''. o the sword, and by the iwoi-d they must
Baltimore should instant'r be seized and occupi
ed. Governor Hicks and Mayor lirown mean very
well no doubt. But it is evident they cannot coi.t vl
the blackguards w ho are kuown as "Uiood-Tub
and "Plug-uglies," and it is necessary that RiUti- j
more should be held y people who run. Two col
umns one from Sew York and Philadelphia, Ihe
other from Harrisburg should move on lialtiniore,
and hold it under martial law, In'cesc of resist
ance, the city should be shelled. The more severe
the methods the surer aud mure humane the regi
men. Mr. Lincjln must remember that if we can
not hold Baltimore we must evacuate Washington.
Baltimore secured EITHER AS A CITY OR
ASA RUIN the Government should oiwrute on
Virginia, on a base line from Fort Monroe to Wash
ington City. Both shores of the Potomac must be
secured; and this done, a column should move on
Richmond. Richmond is important, first as the cap
ital of Virginia, and secondly as the greatest depot
of arms and Hour in the Soutlicrn States. The en
tire rebel force is armed aud fed, al this moment, by
Richmond. It snould be iu possession of the Gov
ernment before 1st June.
A similar course should be pursued iu the West.
St. Louis, Missouri, Louisville, Kentucky, and Mem-
nl.ln T .l.,...l.l l.u 1.. V-.l
I'tiiD . ciiiicxi.., duuuiu .'v ut.iuoivu ojf .,oiiuerii
troops, and the strong points on the river fortified.
At least fifty thousand men should be scattered
along the shore of the Mississippi, south of St. Louis,
with a homo reserve of an equal number to fill va
cancies after battles. Kentucky and .Missouri, we
uotice, evince a tardy sense of their national obli
gations. This is very good, as far as it goes. BUT
KENTUCKY MAY AS WELL UNDERSTAND
Al UME THATSliK CAN NUT UCCLPY AN
ATTITUDE OF NEUTRALITY IN THE PRES
ENT CONTEST. IF SHE IS NOT FOR US, SHE
IS AGAINST US ; aud, really, in the present tem
per of the North, people don t seem to care much
which waysbo goes. IF SHE IS FOR' US. WE
EXPECT HER RIFLEMEN IN OUR RANKS. If
she is against us, in a few months Ohio will proba
bly be arming 50,00" negroes who will have fled
from slavery in Kentucky. It is hard lo say which
event would be best for tne North.
It will probably take the whole, summer to con
summate these operations. But they can be con
summated, if Mr. Lincon and his advisers have en
ergy enough, by tue 1st ot November. Ana by that
time, the North, holding the continent from Rich
mond, Virginia, to Memphis, lennessee, will be
ready to commence operations against tho Gulf re
These should not be begun before November. It
would be fatal to send troops South in the summer.
A few frigates should cruise all summer iu Southern
waters to pick up privateers, and compel the South
ern rebels to keep their forts fully garrisoned. Iu
case of neglect, landings might tie effected ou healthy
points, and fortifications erected. Hut the main op
erations should be deferred till November.
Then two armies should move one in transports
from New York, the other down the Mississippi.
The oue should retake every fort, arsenal, custom
house, and post office in the Sou. hern States on ihe
Atlantic; the other suuuld move directly on Baton
Rouge aud New Orleans. With proper energy and
suitable commanders, both armies would perform
their woik by New Year. The woik would be
sharp, but it could and should be done.
IVo desire, iu conclusion, to present three consid
1. That w ar has now begun, and the trade of the
vear is as thoroughly ruined as it can be. We shall
do no mischief by prosecuting the war vigorously.
By prosecuting the war vigorously we shall secure
peace and a fair trade next year. By pursuing a
lax, half-and-half policy, we shall probably involvo
the country iu a ten years' war. Furthermore, this
war, which wise mc-n have foreseen for three or
four years, should be settled nuw, tor two reasons:
first, because, it-it is tint, weol the .Norlli arcstami
ed cowards beyond redemption ; and, secondly, be
cause we owe it to cur children not to bequeath to
them a quarrel which we hud a chance to adjust.
2. As to slavery. This is a matter which con
ceros the southern Suites exclusively. W e of the
North hare never liked slavery. But te bulk of
us have believed that it wns not our busings to in
terfere with it where it existed. The Government
troops will not march into the Southern States under
an abolition banner. But if the South expect that
our gallant vo.uutcers are going to hunt the slaves
who may run away as they approach, they labor
under a delusion. If they expect that we in going
lo assist bloodhounds ta catch runaway slaves, they
are mistaken. Wherever tha United States Army
goes, local, municipal, aud Slate laws will be super
seded by martial law; and the Fugitive Slave Act
is not to be found in the Army regulations. V hat
ever may be the intentions Government, the prac
tical effect of a war in the Southern States, wage"
by Northern against Southern men, must be to lib
eral e the slaves, l his should be well nnflcrstooii.
Si. Lastly, we desire to caution Northern people
against the fatal error of underrating Southerners.
The Southern States, combined, constitute a power
ful nation' Southern men ere accustomed to the
use of arms. Tha Sjuih is ablo to raise a great
Krcutariny; the men will ull bo found brave, aud
at least as highly skilled iu military tactics as uur
Northern men; they have olliccrs fully ns able ns
we can muster. 1 hey have as mnch money as the v
need for tho present. There nre twenty-live mil
lion of dollars at least iu specie in the South in
States, and in case of need, Southern troops would
take jiov in bonds fir elniiplnslers, however depreci
ated. They cau raise pleniy of coi n, pork aud veg-
eiuhles lor their subsistence. They commence the
war with a capital ol thirty or forty millions or re
pudiated Norilieru debts. They aro thoroughly
persuaded that thev are right, mid that their cause
is the cause of Cod and of IudcaudeiicC. Some
Northern people suppose that lie 'To slavery is a
source of weaknes lo the South. This i only con
ditionally true. A grate, scientifically filled with
puor, dry kindling-wood, nud good coal, is quite
likely to bla.e into a name it a iiin'cn be applied
beneath. But net.! the match is applied it it as dead
as a wet log. ho n as asked tba .Southern stave
lo look out fur theui 'elves?
Invasion The Mississippi.
It is given out iijion as good amhnrity as any
counug Ironi the Lincoln swinrl.e. luat Ihc '..Iluu
in counexton with its niiliiia General.- are forming
a plau of military invasion 01' tho Souili. Oue ul I
their renters of operations, we are lo'.d, will h
i Cairo, Illinois. Some of the Northern papers an;
I boasting that bom Cairo they will descend the
j Mirtissippi river to Iheir blockadiug fleet ul it
I moo ih.
, ' . . 1
. M ipviss urn river to llleir Mocha I11117 I1irt 11L 1 1 1
Any one ucqri linlcd with the Mississippi river
"" ili swamp, and knows the character ef the
'r "V '-'7 r,,h"
I .. ... .,.,." , '.,,.
IbertiMtigrouiid 01 .-link in ihe channel, and all Ihe
I voluntevia i.ceidr.n ciild rui-o would 1 d.isin.v
, , " " . . are be,W
". ' " nwat ,o3 .Tee t'5
1 n nl o!' l
han.. I ,,Xm Xe. T
' " ' ;
, "ft ,T ?
-------- . . .....
Tll(T tAn w,iu' come bv laud or Wale
1 . 7 . . .
W I' kCill.esS U.l.l .i!y Ot luvui.nf the .'jjl.l
'chilly by Ihe Mi.-i.si pi river, wi'l inl iu disajirrl
This it w. -V:.iriy A. .Vjl
Advics to Volunteer. Row yu I'm
PAhsJ I'OK THR Can PA KIM -A writer, who
j,,l)8 himself "An Old Soldi,'1 K'Vv ten
fallowing advice to young soldiers ; i
t. Avctueuiner mat in a campaign more
men die from tiiekncss than bv tho bullet.
2. Line your bluukcu with one thirl
uess of brown drilling. ThU add but
l,our 0U1CC9 " weight, knl doubles the
. . . . . . .
't 1!n .mull Tnrlln mU.. 1. 1. ..-
are provided with those. Straw to
i on itt not always to he hud.
4. The bout military hut in use Is the light,
colored Bol't felt, the crown being nuffioiotit
ly high to allow spuce for air over the bruin.
Vou can fasten it up as a continental in
lHlr WOalher, or turu Jt down wheo it ta tret
or very gunny.
5. Let your beard grow, bo as to protect
the throat and lungs.
6. Keep jour entire person clean; this
prevents levers nd bowel complaints in
warm climates. Wah your body each day,
if possible. Avoid strong coffee and oily
meat. Gen. Scott paid that the too free use
of these (together with neglect in keeping
the skin clean) cost many a soldier bis lite
7. A udden check of perspiration by
chilly or night air often causes fever and
death. When thus exposed do cot forget
Gov. Desnison Requests a Mzhtino
of tug Governors or New York, Penn-
STLVANIA. INDIANA. AND ILLINOIS. AT Cot.
umbus, for Consultation. The Harris
burg correspondent of tho .Philadelphia
Bulletin writes aa follows: ,
A communication has been received by
Gov. Curtin, per the hand of the gentle
man nbove referred to, from Gov. Dcnnison,
of Ohio, requesting Governors Curtin, aud
Morgan of Acw York, to meet himself and
the Governors of Indiana and Illinois, in
council, at Columbus on next Monday ev
ening, to compare plans of the campaign.
The proposition of Gov. Curtia to the Gov
ernor of Ohio to inarch the volunteers of
Pennsylvania, in connection with tho tronns
of tho Northwest, to the Federal city by
any route decided upon, was at first, as I
informed you by telecraph, received very
favorably. But since that time there have
been reasons to suppose that the first battle
would not be fought at the Crpitol, and
hence the change. The plan of JJeuntson
is to march an army of eighty thousand
men to Kichmoud, and there await the at
tack of the Southern army; as it is getter
ally believed that Jefferson Davis is making
toward that point; the Ohio volunteers, now
at Lancaster, to be reinforced from time to
time, and they, in connection with the I'euu
sylvania volunteers, prepared to cut off any
invasion from this side of Maryland. Iu
consequence of the meeting of the Legis
lature on this day, it will be impossible for
Gov. Curtin to be present, although it may
be convenient for Gov. Morgan to, accede
the request. Outside of the reason assign
ed, it is tho desire of Gov. Dennison not to
draw his troops too far away from homo at
the present time, until something definite aa
regards the movements of the Southern
army is ascertained. Another point of the
Governor's communication is that lie hat
issued orders that no further communica
tion be held with Baltimore, via the Balti
more and Ohio Ilailroad: while in this Stato
no more provisions will be allowed to leave
here by way of the Susquehauna and Tide
Condition or Washington. A Wash,
ington letter says:
Tho condition of Wasbingtion financial"
ly is terrible. Nolos of the city banks can
not be passed except at a discount of from
tweuty to twenty-five per cent. The stores
are ull being closed, and lifo ia now the on
ly consideration, tho ull absorbing topic
Every possible means is being adopted for
the departure of citizens.
Business is entirely suspended. Gold ia
at an immense premium. The hotels will
all close by tho early part of next week.
Every one ia anxious to fly, but many
have not tho means to depart. Catriaget
are in great demand, the prico being more
thuu one dollar per mile. People I'm inrlj
rich arc now bankrupt, and leave with what
they can. This is not the cao in Washing
ton alotio. Parties from the Southern Sutos
are continually pusuing through here to the
North, ninny in private conveyances, but
most on foot. The terrible inconveuiencoa
of civil w.tr aro Lehur felt in earneit.
Good news from Illinois The Jones,
hoto (iuzeUe, in Illinois, t-uys that lire news
of the MiiTondcr of Fort Sumter was re
ceived in that pine ''with becoming fea
ture and ex previous of joy by almost ev
ery ono in Joncsboio." It u!bo onyx:
The Ni:w8 at Vik.nna. We kain that
the now of the surrender of Sumter waa
received with great rejoicing by tho people
of Vienna, in our neighboring untyf
Johnson. The ftnnnoii wan Li unybt out
aud fifteen shots fired in honor of a united
South. Johnson ia one ft' iho uiont Dem
ocratic counties in the I'liion, and her peo-
v I pie arc a unit jniwst the iul''iuaiid dauiU'
e"i j tug treachery of Linco'.a.
To he RetaUen by Lincoln1
Geo. Seott, on Tuesday luat, to J a ilia.
I . . . ' . . ..V '
tiu.uoittlied ntucn of Virginia, rtroei Une
quivocally, that tho Lincoln GrAVfliUieut
inll'h.W to re-take ILirt'OV B FtrrV, tho
Nvy Yard, aud, Intfced, Jli fhe
. peat now in . W
! hand Ol the 'TOhcU, thu
hut they ntty lU'Ai
TYfonitAr'nL Ab L'NfoNrj. A Chicago
dispaU.il, dntvil let inhl , says; "In. Cuusu
qiic.n'e of the dillicuUy iu ottainin a full
alien JtiiiLO fioiu Miliordu.s! union. rf tho
r. 'ibclnutiot'nl tvpur;raphi''al VOton. Alt. r'ariua.
h, c-h- jijii-j pieiclf i.: lu coiicuieJ.iQ iupoicpoiie-
'."iwonl. A un-uUfwa, BjM w',11 bo
. ivn 1 ntxt Wek