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Tin line r If.'toHJ XmpOrdt, reftjffMdr , 11 kit. 30 xo 11 mo 1 Bqar. IJViuaro.... IMIM 1.1 00 WOP IT, 00 'WOO JH00 aw M Inn tt) uo 4W It w 1 enlli : It Wjl X) li 110117 Oil' II amir, on Obi a ma, M Oil 2iw if. UOiVi 00 J J Column...,.. i rnlumti......... V' 'Aluinti ho mi:i ni i miw oo ..' .; .To Advertisers.; : ' Parti. adveH l.lHnr nf".t ffj", Itlron limn, will b. con fi ned VXTlW: au.te buKlnwwi anything putalda of I til. will beiUmrard for wparat.ly. . . Advertisers, ftw ?Rf,Bd.i.,mV eocdln threa montUn. will hnveth prtvi Iihm or r.newlna their edvrliiMwiU jnarterlyt allt ohauaes wlU be 'awi'ltouo'le-coltimn advertisement, will he charged one-third mora than regular riti for .ingle columns. , - f umn-Hl Nollcea, Obltuarle. or any other mutter subserving; private lntemt, will be charged fur. -. . - Notice la local and .portal eolura. are mailer, oi i)im contract, i I 1 11 , J IlUHINEMM OAllD. GEO. F. HILL & CO., Tobacco and General Oom- mission Merchants. NO. 4J, BROAD STIIIET, NBW YORK, Soi.trrr roNHtnWMRSTf of clarks vlllo or K.ntnrky Laaf Tooacoo forwlv In the New Vock Market, plwlalng oar teat riTbrln In wiling to plne all who may eon fl.K'tliflr.hlpiiienutona. . W. would rfrtlioi! who may be Inrtln rd to lil p Toliaceoor othor nrorttHWtoaa.lo t.ur friend., Mr. U. H. WlWwM and Mr. Au- L.T.H JOHNHOM, m ' , The nirnal advanrea mad ou aonalgn- lnont. when rrqulrad. 4 ' t - I,. , P. U. Box d7U, New ork. ?Cov. 7), M8-!hn. VM. llnoAimfa. JoaM. M. Kk-b, Ao'T. 111,1. BROW & CO. Vholeaale and Itotall Doalan In , Htuple and Fancy Dry Goods HITS, CAPS, BOOTS. SHOES, TRUNKS, VAttCKS, HOSIERY, NOTIONS, ETC., No. , South .IdM of KrnnklliiHtrwt.algnor lllg Trunk. Call uud we them. ifrmr. R. H. PiCKKamn.R.K. Hboad ra, Joit.i .1. Maimie, U, W. Asuun. Hep 18. IHBH-tf W. A. UUAU1.EI, Clark.vlllt'. lirXTKH WOOD, llopklnmllln. QUARLE3&VOOD, Attornoya at Law HOPKINSVILLE, K7, T A. Ut'AHl'KI WIM. ATTKNP W , regulnrlv ihfConrtaol t'hrl.tlau eo. OctobHr HI, IxdiHtni P. H. PORTER, Agent, Mb.M.EU IN' F JRWITURE, AVixll Paper, HOl'SE FURNISHING GOODS, & 1BIXKUX MTKKKT, CLIRKSVIUE, . -TEXNF.SSEK, 1 I AHJCMTIlKr i'lVKn A LARIIIV-OTO" llwAI.I. r il'tR ami UOHDCIM of Ihu Inli-Nt i !. April 17, IMUa-tf. DR. H. M. AC2EE, IDoiitril Bnrffeon, CLARKSVIU.K, TENS., ( iflli at bin tirw residincc on Frnnktiii .ireel, two Jouri Ka'l of llie" Kiilwonal fhunh. tJnn- 1 I""-". J. G. ROBINS, Attorney at Law, MRKKVIUK, TENNESSEE. -orKICKONKTK.VWIIKUKYAI.I.KY. Hnr-Hiil attontlon pnJd to I he collection of April 10, imi tf. A. K. Hmitii, Into of Hinllh & Turnlvy. 1i. H.llfTiiu.Niia,lnUMif Hutching (Irlnti'r K. W, WK.iTilcna, Into of Ttmiloy eV - Wi-athen. SMITH S HUTCHIXGS, TOBACCO FACTORS AND t'OMHISSION MERCHANTS, " Cl'Xhr.RlVND WARF.HIUSK," riARKSVIUK TKSSES8EI. Nov. 1HI17-1T. W. H. & D. M. DORRIS, MAI.EaS IM Ftovcs, Tinware, Casllngs, Grates, and House Fur nishing (Joods. F.rerr denriptinn of 'J"i u V It ro pi.d. p in good ityl. KOtiFINU ad UnERIXfl prompll) nttemlt'd to. r"ll. P. UOnniS will uprinlenj tlir work and mlefrooin. Sept. a, mm-tf JimN K, HMITII. J. F. SMITH JOHN K. SMITH & SON, COTTON St TOBACCO FACTORS -ASII- Genernl Commission Merrliants XI). U BR0IU STREET, MJW YOHK CITY. W. C. SMlTII will at Mnr Ajent In winking advance, nn roniijiiiurntf. Feb. JI, IHil.-ly. ('LAIIUH VIKIl'S FEMALE ACADEMY. lltHE FAM. HFKHlON OK TIU" 1NKTI I tlllllMI IK-glll. Oil 111 ilM W i'l licit. THUMB: Fi lmary teuartuteul.... I'n puralory " (t.lleulutii " If. OO ... i i"' ff. im EXTHAHl MM t .u of lii.irumriit - l mi I leiieti nml licriiiMii, iachH - tu iiwk and I .Ml III I" llonldllig ' ' M nllllikt. per Uo.ell.. OI' Mi.irlculituou - 1 IA Jiim. it. A':nT. 1'r.Vl. t'lurkavllle, Jul) .'I, 'ilf. avanti:d! HIDES! HIDES!! HIDES!! airK WILL fY 1IIK HIi 111 VST M Alt - Y k.t pi ee for all llidc.l liver.-.! at our I'liiti'Ty uB I rout lr l li V Hie, T u- . ll MM i.l .. A I o a x 7 0BAMK8VILLE the; st, tours ii;'''iJ'i IIFE , IWII1ME Hi! a llim COM PA NT, SO rXTENWVEIV , natronlred throughout iim West and Um.il. I,...H.UI llinlf.ld.il . 1 ....1 aUUili.liediu claim to their steam and eniindcnce. Ita poml-annnat report and statement to the 1st or July, lstis, .how. an Inrmmn highly satisfactory to Ita officer, and txillrr holdi-mand ilium the lion. Kllrur Wiiiiht, ma jiikiiput nuiiuiriiy on iiin inHiininno in A. I cl.4i Knd llnblltm Maroli Dint, MUM, ha my. il im. company I ' in a uorieeiiy mind, and tndeoa nlgliiy pronparou. con dltlon." . ' r Nolo Ita progrea alnea January lt. 1MM i Aawu Junuary lit, 2l.r7 1IWV. , ., IW., IWUI.. 7;XI,IM I.,lti2 iuly .l.- l,lW,010 Of 'all the financial linnltullon of onr tlmea. I.lfe Inmirfincat'oinpunica have the moat Intimate and rnr-reachlug, If not the in out exummvo, reunion wlin iiumnn horjeaand hannlneM. and the mnal nd Ixiih of arlenoa and prewbnce (or thi'lr nconamlandMifemanngenienr, T1m.Ikt. niwokafor lmelf in behalf of thai ompany, : , , f K lULIfKI.! Agenb (HBoe os FranaJlu MVrevt,i Oct (. 'OtMUn. - , . , . . First national Bank; Owntdbj IndiVldiialiDf this dtj nd Vicinity . vo; ii :if" i.l i. i ) i.; f . mrnosrr, ! ' Ot. w UlLlKA, iso. a. iw.iriUD, w. mciAg,' ji 4. o. .nokiiRuaw, l Issues no Notes of its own. AVOIDS THAT RISK. BKf RIVER DEPOSITS, tlKH.H II EI- CM 4 NO K, liOLB AMI filLTKR X5 l.MTKD STATES BONDS, KKUS i SInT B BAFTS OS NEW - . 10UK, I.OUHVII.I.K, " AMD OTHER CITIES. u 1' ' C01LECT10XN HADE AYB PB0MPTLT UKXITTKU. V . B. i1. BKH'IOXT, Pre.'!, i W. P. HI MR, i'ukler. ?,!.. November 10, IH08 )y. UUITLOt K, McKlSNEV & CO.. Commission Merchants. TRICE'S 1AXDI5Q, TKJi.X. Nprelal attentlaii Rlveav I Ibo In- NMNUn ad Hatla TOAXO. (VinA rft ffnffrtl on 7b6etceo iSYorc. J. B. TAPSGOTT CIVIL ENGINEER, ARCHITECT, V1NI SUnVJSYOU. Pinna nml unecificalioni of Rililpei fur- nislicd, also of ISuiMiiiKf anil (IniHinenlal (IniuinU. Work of every ilrwription con nected wild liiiililinR incufurrd ami calviilv ted. Alu, M.niifnt'lnrers A (rent lor steam Knginci and Machinery of every description, Imu Vcraii'luli., Unilinp, Marbelizrd Iron Mimilc.. Cinteii, Window Cnp, elo, Terr. Cotl. OriinmeiiLl Work, Chimney Topj, nd nil kimln of IlniMlnp M.terinl, finislicd and iihtinisliwl, euihraced In cnrpenler. work; U.lrnnirrd Iton, Cupper, Zinc, Tin, Blnte and roinpraiiiou Rnoliiifr. All buiiiiets intru.ted to in. will be at tended to promptly. fttf Oflic, on Hatt tide of Puhlir Sqintre, ClnrkMille, T. nn. Jan. 3, 18(l8-tf a. n. an at. . r. ikiwmno. 8EAT& BOWLING. Commission Merchants, COR. FRONT Ji MAIN STREETS. Clarksville, - - Tennessee. Kollrll ronalvnmenta far Rampling; ana Nriiing T.Darea, Oetoher 1U. ItttM-U' U. KINCANNUN. J. J. II AMLKTT D. KINOANNON & CO., ARK NOW 1UXK1V1NU T11K1R KIOCK of Tlu, Wood And Willow Ware, u.UI.il Lata luu.tt aalaw.tawl wltti mr vt tA llitt w.iiti uf ll iMilUr. wliti'h lliry wlli Htftl ClltlMIl Kit III Cllt!AHl. I UI1 tlll tt. " i v. - a -v- v j v; . a v Hep l, lftM4lm It. 0. VKATMAX, H. TtATMAM, Natrllle, Trnn. Urleani. YEATIYTAlVfi CO C0TT0X AND TOBACCO FACTORS, AKU tlCMIAL Oommlatatioii IcrhBn ri CAUONIOI-KT r?T, 71 NEW OHIJ'UKH. Jrtn. 10, Oe-lf. Confectionery, Bakery, ASP ICE CREAM SALOON. rlllOX A Kl.Y HAVE IX fTORF i Inrgo mid varhl nKMirtmcnt ul Coiu'ectlonrrles, Notions, etr. Tin y hiivv attached a MJMKM lto their CKtikhllthiiH'iil. hihI linvlng na ttr the 1mi lUikci. In Hi. tt. Ihcy at. prepare! In rnriili.il etisii,nier ll h everv deM'ilntloii of rAKimid iiHKAii, t the bent quality, l'nr tlimiil wediltiiiiM nupplliHl at luirt iiiiIIim. Thev llilVi' filled up 11 liilne.ntl il, )llt .t I, where the IMtfl rnmm will Im' ,IIm iivh1 toiill w ho u nut it, fioiu urly liioin till llio'elork ul iiliiht. Our fnnle'tloiii'iU, I like. Ilraad and loe (! nm are the uet all mii.I try tlu iu. I.1UOX Kl.Y. Friinkiiii U Mny , IsiiMf. Mj Flag ia Nailod to the Mast t ThTmallory, AIICT1 IN li 15 1 1 , Ojjtrr with C If. Jmr, ou the Square HKTl'ltNH hln thniika to llie nun Hi unity tor llielr klioliiesM In the piwt. end l h H ifully announce Hint he loii'inia in 101 tlnuo .Vuelloiieeriiig in Hie i ll; . AH pur lieu uUlilug to ilioK' of l'iy tliunla, liol uol'l and kitchen Ktirull ui, iH.oud halol gool ot evei v ilwripllou.nl Hiwtlou, uic IiiIoiiuihI ihnl lit ih tiviiid lo riMvlve mid kioiv Ho in. nli'l .1 iilhiU" time, irth-r (or Mile at the M.irket-liNaM'. lie will alao uinke n unliir Auction Hale. .1 Hi .tiiri.H-me. eveiy lilliAY and MtiritHVY. iloiMw, Mul.. Winn 1 Himil.. IwrlmM, vnd ! uihcr aiilul. i til. li may lie wanted .old .1 anetlaw. W lit ioW niH'tlon wben d.olxr.1, o'i ill llo t'll uli'l ,!.- 1-7 ;. : I m i ! - ' I' : . A. i art aft. m. o. h. kobtoh, e.noBToM. STUART, NORTON A CO 'O (ftoeeeaaon to fiewltt. Norton t"o.J ' Commission Merchants, I ranaiaa MreM,' NEW OllLEANS. ropalgnmenta of Tobareo, Flour. Drain, rniTUHiin. lira uwar prauiw. OTiiiuiiru 'ReptlMWa.Iy '; - .( ' W. II. TrawLVT, Boa WoOLnjunoa, flartuvllle, Tonn. ' 4 Trigg County X.J. vTurnley &'W661drldge,'. H-ri-.i1. ' '!('' ? ':.... i 1 l.li; filIBAl rMlI8SI0X MBRCA1KT8, ' n JOtphont Ftrt-Pwf jrcm-ftov. , - . H a.l ltrv'? 1 IpAii., a Hon. O. A. JIiEwnT. ITonAm II. Lfbton. HENRY & LTJRT0N, ATTORNEYS AT LAW, CLARKSVILLE, TKS5. We have thl. day formed a co-partner- ahlp lor the Practice of Law In all lu uranenca. uniouen oirawucrrjr Aiivy.. NOV. 0, TRl-eiii CLARKSVILLE roiiM m e shop, MANUFACTURE Planter's Prize Screws, Shingle Machines, Sugar Hills, . Brass and Iron , .. Castings. IJROMPT ATTENTION OIVKN TO OR 1 der. for ranalr. on aiieaa. Knarlnaa. Haw M Ilia, ami all kind, of Mavtiliiery. nMMfl nf.r.Mui.f.ff' niuiuy auu prouijHly done. . ... . , Mny S, MJS-lv. j COMB TO STAY! M.L. JOSLIN, MANUFACTURF.R OF Saddles Bridles, Harness, etc., (AT J. M. KEDLKTT'a OLD HTAMP) Franklin St., Uarksvlllf, Tcnnmsff. have lorntcd jiermanently In nark-llle, nml lnii iul to put up work that will compare with uny. Ulva uie a call and ex amine .lock and price. HeftiMJCIItury, ' ai. I.. JOBI.1N. April 10, lft-ly. The Best Fitting: Drawers in the World 1 Are the Patent Pantaloon Drawers ! None gi'onln.wlthotil thU trade maxk. 1ENTLKMKN M'HO C'OXHl'I.T THFIR 1 own eomfnrt and convenience, will find thee celebrated Drawer, conform to the figure In their grocelul onllliii'., and ccure In the wenror the greatest MMllilr rmv. The ntv inanufuctnreal fmm the tliiwt innlerinl., and In grcul variety, .ultu- bl for all .'uinniiil ciimnu'.. rnaaALCtK ci abkhvm.i.e, JiT POLLOCK Ac O O . -war, vummm initio, fm White m reel. New Yuik. Nov. 13, lA-in. Patentee'. Man ila. CITY DRUG STORE. OX FRAN RUN HTRKFT. l.'EEPS, AT A I.I. TIMFH. A I.AROE IV and vnrliil awortnieut uf IIMIfcfM, 3Iliinoi ClicmionlH. TVotioitH. All Medicines kept are War' rooted Pure and Fresh I t do nnt deem It nrcewnry tu particular lie ai'tiofc, but the puhliu will Hud all they nmy want, at auy time. rA frwrirtua JrjMrfmaf 1. .till under Hi. .upcrvUhm uf Mr. I- R. (HM)l'Klt, aim I. well known a. a en refill and accurate, enmponnder of nicdlcliiea. rrc-rltlun. tilled pruiuplly day or uUihL un.a, IxuH-ir Coal Tar and Coke! ror Sale at tbt CAS WORKS, CtiirkMrill,, IV i m. CLARKSVILLE, TENN:, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 18, 1863. PRESIDENT'S MESSAGE. FeUow-cittenu ff th 8enat, and tf tne Jioute or jceprettntaurtut ' Upon thercawiembllrjifof tfltiirrva. It again beconia my duty to call your attention to the Htato of thtUn- ion and Ita -disorganized condition tinder the varlotM lawa which have been pamed nnon the subject of re- construtlon. It may be safely aaaumed M an axiom In the Oovernment of the Btatee that the greateat wrong In- flic ted upon a neoDle Is canned bv un- jimi arm arouniry legiHiauon, orny unrelenting tiecreea orueapoiic rtiie!', and that the rnd of Injurious and op - preaslve measnrea la the greateat good ym after tho war It l.etdlmated they that can be conferred on a nation. will be three hundred and seven ty The legislator or tho ruler who has two millions an Increase of fotirhun the wisdom and magnanimity to re idred and eightv-nine per centum, trace his ateu M hen convinced of pr-' for the name period. Thtwe statistic ror, -will, aooncr or later, be rewarded wun tne respect ana grauiuite or an . uanuuai expense comparea wun me : uic paar year oi afi.H'iijiuj. The ilobt Intelligent and patriotic people. I population were little more than one ion the Brut day of November lat Is Our own history, although embrae! dollar per capita, and In 1880 but two stated to have lieen $2,527,12fl,6.'i2. It Ing a period of less than a century, 1 dollars per capita, while in 1809 they Is estimated by the Secretary that the affords abundant proof that most, if , will reach the extravagant sura of returns for the past month will add to not all, our domestic troubles are dl- j nine dollars and seventy-eight cents our IlnbUities the further sum of $11, rectly traceable to violations of the : lT capita, 000.000. tnaklmr a total Increase dur- organlc laws and excessive legislation, i ne most siriKing iiiuHiraiiousoi mis fact are furnlslied by the enactments or the last three years on the ques- expenaitures orwree war periods, tlonof reconstruction. ' After a fair tho war with Groat Britain, the Mex trial, they have substantially failed, lean war and the war of the rebellion, and proved nernlcious In the results. In 1814 the annual expenditure inci- and there seems to be no good reason. why they should lontrer remain upon the statute book. States to which the Constitution guarantees renubll can form of Government have .been reduced to military dependencies, In each of which the people have been made subject to the arbitrary will of me commanding ueneraj. ' Althouirh the Constitution reoulres that each State shall be represented in Congress, Virginia, Mlselasippl and Texas are yet excluded from the Houses; and contrary to the expressed revisions of that instrument, were enied participation in the recent election for President and Vice Pres ident of the United States. The at tempt to place tho whole population under the dominion of persons of col or In the South, has impaired, if not destroyed, the kindly relations that uao previously exiHten between them, and mutual distrust has rendered the feeling of animosity which, leading, in some Instances to collUou and bloodshed, bus prevented that co-operation between the two races so tia- sentlal to the success of industrial en terprise in the Southern States. " ISor have the inhabitants of thexe States alone sulfered from the dis turbed condition of affairs, growing out of Congressional enactments. The entire Union has been agitated by grave apprehensions of troubles, which might involve the pence of the nation., lis interests have been Inju riously afl'oeted by the derangements of buHiiiess and labor, and the conse quent want of prosperity throughout the country. The Federal Constitu tion, the magna charter of American rights, under whose wiseund salutarv provisions we have Biicccssfully con aTreterf art Titrr" dnmesllo ftriffTftriftiirri affairs ourselves, in peace aud in war, and become a great nation among the powers of the earth, most assuredly can now be adequate to the settle ment, or the question growing out of the civil war waged for Jts vindica tion. ThU great fact is mode most manifest by tho condition of the country. When Congress assembled in the month of December, 18(15, civil strife had ceased: the spirit of rebellion had sficnt its entire force in the Southern t-'tates; thu people had warmed Into inniiuiim me aim turougnout, uie whole country a healthy reaction in Bubllo sentiment had tnken place. V the application of tli terrible vet effective provisions of tho Constitu tion, the liXecutivc Department with the voluntary aid of the States had brought the work of restoration as near completion as was within the scope of authority, and the nation was encouraged by the prospect of an early and faUnfactory ailjustment of all its difficulties. Congress, how ever, interfered, and refusing to per fect tue worK so uenriy tlone, declined to admit members from certain States, adopted a course of measures which arrested tho progress of restoration, frustrated what hud been done, and after three yearsif agitation unci strife has lea me country rurtlier fmm the attainment of union and fraternal feeling than at the inception of Uie Congressional plun of reconstruction. It needs no argument to show that legislation which has produced such consequences should be abrogated, or else made to conform to tho irenulne principles of Republican Govern ment, under tno influence of partv pnsbion anil sectional prejudice, other acts nave oecn paused not warrauleu by the Constitution. Congress has already lieen mode familiar with my views respecting I no tenure or otnee inn. I'.xiierlence has proved that its repeal Is demand ed by the best interest, of the country anu tnai wnue it reinuius in force the President can not enjoin the rigid ac countability of public officers so es sential to an honest and efficient ex ecution of thclaws. it reenl would enable the Executive Department to exerclsothe power of apKlnttuents ana removal in accordance with the original design of the Federal Const I tution. Tin1 act or Jlnrcii is7, tnak Ing an appropriation for the Mipportofi the army for tho year ending June .toiKoT, ami lor oilier purposes con taining a provision which Interferes with the President's Constitutional function osCommaiidcr-lu Chief of tho army and navy. It Is believed that the repeal of all auch luws would be accepted by the American people as at least a partial return to the fundamental principles of the Government, nnd an Indication lhat hereafter the Constitution Is to be made a safe and unerring guide, while they can be productive of no permanent beneflttotho country, and should not be permitted to stand as so many monuments of the deficient wisdom which has characterized our recent legislation. The condition of our finnnce. de mands the earnest consideration of Con if rcss. Compart d with the growth of our Mipulation, the public expendi tures have reached an nnpreiiilciited amount. The Hipulatiou of the Uni ted State In 17frl wu. nearly four millions of Miple, Increasing each decade "Unit 30 per cent., it reached IHtm, thirty-one millions, an Increase of 700 per cent, on tho population in 1790. lit 1800 it is estimated that It will reach thirty-eight millions, r an increase of H08 per cent. In 70 years, ...... The annual expenditure of the Fedetal Oovernment In I7iil weref I,--,.ir.i i, I -ii win s.i mm p, vi, e $1.,000; In ISOO; 63,onri,000; In 18rW, ty ...v. .. . ,j; D rvutr; ui mo jrew v lliry, In hla last atintiul report, that inatetl bv the Hccrctary of tlio Trea - urj,in m, iai ttimiui report, that there will be $372,000.(100. It will be aecn that tho Incrcnse of oxpenal war with Mexico, we found cxpt iuilturt; aiuce the bcplniiiiis of rKirnelvta involved In a debt of WV the Uoverument, hits been eight 000,(iu(K and thin wao tliu amount thouaandaix hundred and eighteen i owed by the OovMninent In 1800, Juat ler centum, while thelncrcnuu of tboj'rlor to the outbreak of the rebellion, ppulatlon for the game period was In the anrinir of 1801 oui civil war only clfrbt hundred and nlxty-elxht p"r CMUum. Again, the expenaes of he Oovernment In lSffl). the year of. ii; luimwimiciT prweoing me . wr, ere onir aixiy-one minions, 1 while In 18fl0 the year of peace, three further show that In 1791, the annual j It will be oWrvcd that all of theso iiMicnis are or peace periods, it : my Uiereforcbeof Interest to compare ; dent to the war of 1812, reached their highest amount, about thlrtv-one minions, whiieour population "light ly exceed eight millions, showing an expenditure of only three dollars and eighty centa per capita. In 1849 the expenditures growing out of the war with Mexico, reached fifty-four millions, anil the popula tion about, twenty-one millions, giv ing only two dollars and sixty cents pur capita for the war expenses of that year, in jaoa ineexpcnuitures called for by the rebellion reached the vast amount of twelve hundred and nine ty millions, which, compared with the population of thirt v-four millions. gives thirty-eight dollars and twenty cento per capita. From the fourth day of March, 178S lo the 80th of J uiip. 1861, the entire expenditures of uie uoverument were seventeen hun dred millions of dollars. During that period we were en gaged In wars with great Britain and Mexico, and were involved in hostili ties with powerful Indian tribes. Lnulsana was purchased from France at a cost of $15,000,000. Florida was ceded to the United States by Spain nirTii.iiiiif.iJW(iiiii uie lerriuiryoi new Mexico was obtained for the sum of $10,000,000. Early In 1SC1 the war of the rebellion commenced, aud from the 1st of July, of that year, to the SOt h of June, 1803, the pulilio expend itures reached the enormous aggre gate of $330,000,000. 'inree years .oi peace nave inter vened, and during that time the dis bursements of the Government has successively been Ave hundred and twenty millions, three hundred and forty-six millions anil three hundred ami seventy-three millions, adding to thv-w amounts three hundred and seventy-two millions esuinaieu as necessary ror tno nscai year ending the 30th of Jnne, 18(19, we obtain a to tal expenditure of sixteen hundred millions of dollars during the four years succeeding the war, or nearly as much as was expended during the seventy-two years that proceeded the the rebel lion, and embracing the ex traordinary expenditures already named. These facts clearly Illustrate the necessity of retrenchment lu all branches of the public service. Abuses which were tolerated dur ing the war for the preservation of the nation will not be endured by the people now that profound peaco pre vails. The receipt from Internal revenues and customs during the past three years gradually diminished, and the continuance of useless and extrava gant expenditures, will involve us lu national bankruptcy, oreise mane inevitable an increase of taxes already too enormous, or In many respect obnoxious on account of Uieir charac ter. One hundred millions annually are expended for the military force, a largo portion of which Is employed In the execution of laws both un necessary and unconstitutional. One hundred and fifty millions are mnnireil oiieh venr to nn v the Interest on the public debt. An army of tax gatherers impoverishes the nation and public, agents, placed iy congress oc yond tho control of the Executive, divert from their legitimate purmo largo sums of money which they col lect from the people in the lisiue of tho government. Judicious legisla tion and prudent economy cau alone remedy the defects and avert the evils which, if suffered to exist, can not fail to diminish confidence la the public councils and weaken tho con fidence and respect of the peoplo to ward their political Institutions. Without proper care the small bal ance which it Is estimated will re main In tho Treasury at the close of the present ftenl year, win noi na re alized, and additional millions ill lie added to a debt which is now euu inerntcd by billions. It Is shown by tho comprehensive report of the Secretary of the Treas ury that, the receipts for the fiscal year, ending June 80, 1808, were $406,038, 088, and thut the expendlt tires for tho same period were $377,840,t, leaving In the Treasury a surplus of i8,27, 798. It Is estimated that the receipt during the present fiscal year,-ending June 30. lsOo. will lie f341.S!2.8oX and the expenditures tt.'UI,152,470, showing a small balance of $5:2,403 08, in favor or the government. For the fiscal vearrndlntr June SO, 1870, It Is estimated that the receipts will amount to fTJ7,ouo,(Mm, and the expenditure to .103,000,000, leaving our estimated surplus a24,iKKl,uuo. It becomes pros'r. In this connec tion, to make a brief reference to our public Indebtedness, which has accu mulated witiisuciiaiariningrupniiiy, and assumed such colossal proportions In 17t, when tho Government com menced operations under the federal Constitution, It was burdened with an Ihdctitcducs or ?75,Wi,wsi, cn-ateo during the war of the Involution. This amount hud Is-en reduced to$4V 000,000 w hen ill 1N12 a war was de clared ntralnst Great Britain. The three years stnigifle that fol lowed largely Increased tho National obligation, and in 1H.VI they bad at tained the sum of rl:27,ooo,oon. Wise and eciiimmlcHl liMrlslatloii. however. enabled the Government to ly the .... "S entire amount within a period of twenty years, and thee xtinKiilMhment of tho National debt filled tho land with rejoicing, and was one of the ariwteat vnt. nf Prealilent Jackson's administration.. AfteTtlsredeiupUon lill'e -llipVunalliedl'l ill'. 1 V l-'lrv, HR0NICEE. 'which wa rlppoaltcd toraafi?keoplnr'bfKHMtonlncTwnLlncHr in.i ii auimiu in rvkurum w ueu rr , quired by th ntiblio wuuU. In 1849, 'that It ahould be rt'turueil beu rr , Quiroii uy m puDiio tvauu. In 1849, the year after tho termination of an oomraeiMwJ. Each year of ita eon- tlnuatieo made an eivirmouM atlditlou to the debt, and when. In the- snrlinr oi 1000, me nation auccensiuuy emerg. ed from the conflict, the obligations of the Uoverument had reached the lmm.linjl mm. rt U7U QOV OJUj T!... Secretary of the Treamiry aimw. that on me nrataay or jNovember;. IWI7, this amount had been reduced to- $2, 491,504,45.1, but at the same time his report exhibited an Increase during Ing three months of forty-six and a half millions. In my message to Congress, of De cember 4, 1805, it was suggested that a policy tie devised, which, without being oppressive to the people, would at once begin to effect a reduction of the debt, and if pursued, would dis charge It fully within a definite period of years. The Secretary of the Treas ury forcibly recommends legislation of this character, and. justly urges that the longer it is deferred Uiomoro difficult must become Its accomplish ment. Wo should follow tho wise precedent established in 1789 to 1816, and without further delay, make pro vision for the tmyment of our obliga tions at as early a period as may be practicable. The fruits of their labors should he enjoyed by our citizens, rather than nscd to build up and sus tain moneyed monopolies in, our own and other lands. Our forelirn debt Is already comput ed by the Secretary of the Treasury at $830,000,000. Citizens of foreign coun tries receive Interest upon a large por tion or our securities, ana American tax payers are mado to contribute large sums for their support. Theldoa mat sucn a debt is to become jierma nent should be discarded as involving taxation too heavy to be' borne, and a payment once In every sixteen years, at the present rate of Interest, of an amount equal to tho original sum. This vast debt. If permitted to become permanent in increasing, must eventually he gathered Into the hands of a few, and enable them to exert a dangerous and controlling power In the affairs of tho Govern ment. The borrower would becomo ser vants to the lenders, and the lenders tne masters or the people. Ave now pride ourselves upon having given freedom to four millions of the color ed race. Yet. It will be our shame that forty millions of people, hy their own tolerance of usurpation and prof ligacy, havo sn tiered themselves to change the slave owners for new task masters lu the shape of bond-holders and tax-gatherers. Besides, perm a nent debt pertains to monarohinl gov ernments. Monopolies, perpetuities and class legislation are totally irrec oncilable with free Institutions. In- ttoduccd Into our republican system, they would graduully, but surely, sap its foundation, eventually subvert our frovemmental fabric and erect upon Is ruins a money aristocracy. It Is our sacred duty to transmit un impaired toour posterity the blesslnirs of the liberty which wu bequeathed to us by the founders of tho republic, and by our example to teach those who are to follow us carefully to avoid the dangers which threaten a free and Independent people. Various plans have been proposed for the payment of the public debt. However, thev have varied as to the time and mode In which it should be redeemed, there seems to lw a general consciousness as to the propriety and Justness of a reduction In the present rate of Interest. Tue Hecroiary or tne Treasury, In his report, recommends flvo per cent. Congress, In a bill passed prior to its adjournment on the 27th of August, agreed upon four and a hair per cent., wnue ny many three per cent, has been held to bo an am ply sufficient return for the invest ment. The srencral Impression as to the exorbitance of the existing rate of In terest has led to an inquiry in the public mind respecting the considera tion which tho Government has ac tually received for Its bonds and the conclusion is becoming prevalent thut tne amount which it ontamed was in real money three or four hundred per cent, lest than the obligation which is paid In return. It can not lo de nied that wears paying an extrava gant per centage for the money lior rowcii. which was paper currency greatly depreciated below the value of coin. This fact la made apparent when wo consider that bond-holders receive from the Treasury upon each dollar they owi upon government securities six percent. Ill gold, which la quite or nearly equal to nine Per cent, in cur rency : that tho bonds are then con vertcdluto capital for National Banks, ii pop which these institutions issue their circulation Iwaring six percent. Interest; that they are exempt from taxatlou by the Oovernment and States, aud thereby enhanced two per cent, in the hands of the holders. We thus havo an aggregate of sev. enteen percent, which mny be re ceived Usin each dollur by theowner or government securities. An asylum that produce such results ia Justly re tarded as fitvoriiur a few at tho ex- pen of the many, and has led to the rurtlier inquiry whether our tumu li older., In view of tho large profits which they have enjoyed, would themselves bo averse to a settlement of our indebtedness on a plan which would yield them a fair remuneration and at the same time be just to the tux-navers or the nation. iur lis tiolutl credit should bo sacredly "b- aerved. but ill inukliiif provisions for our creditors w should not forget what is due thu masses of tho peoplo. It may he aaaiiuiod that tho holders of ourseouritlos have already received unm their bonds a larger amount than their original investment. MoaaiireU by a uM standard uimn this statemant of fuels, it would bo Just and quIUble thut tho six per ... 1... . ....... ....1.1 I... .1... ... cut- lnljrit now luiid bv tho ( i.iv eruineut should bo applied to th re duction of the priiiciiml. in semi-an nual instalment., wiiliiu, III alxleeu year, and fluht mouths, would liqul- Idato tliaetiMra national do St. 'eer t't w-l. I l' J ' Nix ncr r.1 ,.ir WHOLE K0. 481. , aniottiit In m rrnctiotrlc. than mun ! vem. TIiIk. In conneotlr. im. .ii , 1 - . .. v..i.i.v iiv.:,- Willi 1 1 the other advantage derived from uieir investment, would afford the puoiic creditor, a mir aniruboriu com pensation for the use of their rnnitnl and with this they should boaatlsflod. The lessons of the past admonish the lender that It is not well to be over anxious In exactlm? from tlm 1 . a. . . oorrower ngur compliance with the bond, if provision lie mado for the payment of the Indebtetliiess of the Movcrnmeut in the manner suggest ed, our country will' rapidly recover its wonted prosperity. ' Km rwtorests require that some meniiuresshiMihl ii taken to release the lartre amount r capital invested in securities of Gov. eminent. It is not now merefv oiv productive, but In taxation, annunllc consumes $160,000,(KK)- which woul'd otherwise boused bv ourentpnirlsiiiir people Irr adding to the wealth of the nation. w... v.'.uivi v-c. niiivurmun, umv, successfully rivaled that of the a-reat lunruuuia powers, nas rapidly tiiinlu- 'i. nuu uui iiiiiusirmi inreresia are in a depressed and languishing condi tion. The development of our inex haustible resources is checked and the fertile neids of the South are beoom Ing waste for want of means to till them. With th release of capital now life would be Infused Into the naralvzprl fIIArirloa nf roil. iuiii.ln mnA activity and vigor imparted to every branch of Industry. Ouriienple should receive encouragement in their efforts to recover from the effect of the re bellion, and of injudicious legislation, and it should be the aim of the Gov ernment to stimulate them by the prospect of an early release from the bunions which impede their prosper ity. If we cau not take the burden from their shoulders, wo should at least manifest a willingness to hel to bear them. ' In referring to the condition of the circulstlnit medium I shall merely re iterate substantially that portion of my last annual message which relates to that subject. The proportion which the currency of any country should bear to the whole value of the annual produce circulated by its means is a question on which political econo mists have not agreed ; nor can It be controlled by legislation, but must be left to the Irrevocable lawa which ev erywhere regulate commerce aud trade. The circulating medium will ever Irresistibly flow to those point where it is In greatest demand. The law of demand and supply is as uner ring as that which regulates thetides of tho ocean, and, Indeed, currency, like the tides, has its ebbs and flows throughout the commercial world. At the beffinninar of tbn rolmlllnn the bank note circulation of the coun try amounted to not much more than $00,000,000. Now, tho circulation of tne rational Hunk note and those known as legal tenders Is nearly $700, 000,000. While it Is urged by some that this amount should be Increased, others contend that a decided reduc tion is absolutely essential to the best Intoen th.iwnntnr In v'aw of these diverse opinions, It may be well to ascertain tho real value of our paper issues, when compared with a mctulic or convertible currency. For this purpose let us inquire how much gold and silver could lie purchased by the if 700.000,000 of paper money uow in circulation. Trobably not more than half the amount of the latter, showing that when our paper curreneyAs com pared with gold and silver, its commercial value is compressed Into three hun dred and fifty millions. This striking fact makes it the duty or tho Govern ment, as early as way be consistent with the principles of sound imlltlcal economy, to tuko such measure as will euublo tho holder of its notes, and those of tho National Bunks, to eouvert them without loss In to specie or Its equivalent. A reduction of our paier circulating medium may not necessarily follow. This, however, would depend upon tho law of de mand and supply, though it should be borne in mind that by making le gal tender and bank notes convertible Into coin or Its equivalent, their pres ent siecle vulue in the hands of iliolr holders would lie enhnnoed one hun dred per cent. Ijcgislatlon for the ac complishment of a result so dostrublo la demanded by the highest public considerations. The Constitution contemplates that tho circulating medium of tho country shall lw uni form in quality and value. At the time of tho formation of that Instru ment tho country hud just cmorirud from the war of tho Revolution, and was suffering from the effect of a re dundant and worthless paper curren cy. The people of that period were anxious Ui protect their posterity from the evil in which they themselves had experienced. Hence, In providing a circulating medium they conferred upon Congress the power to coin money and regulate the value thereof, at the same tiino prohibiting the States from makiiiu anything but gold and silver a tender In payment of debt. The anomalous condition of our currency 1. in striking contrast with thut which was originally designed. Our circulation now embrace: First. The notes of tho National Bunks, which aro made receivable for all dues to tho Government, ex cepting imports, aud by all Its condi tion. exucptinK in payment of inter est upon its bonds aud the securities themselves. Second, Ths legal tender notes Is sued hy the United States, and which tho law requires shall be received as well in payment of all debt between cltir.eiia, a of all ports due. exception: luiKrts and gold and .liver coin, jiy the operation of our present system ot finances, however, (he metal It cur rency, wben collected, . reserved only for one class of Government creditors, who, holding it bonds, seroi-auuually receive their Interest In cash from the National Treasury. There is no reason which will lie ac cepted as satisfactory by the people, why tlioso who ilclend. ns on the land aud protects us on the sea, thu tcnsoner upon the gratltuc of the nation, U'liriug the scars and wounds received while In its service, the pub lic servants In tho various depart ments of the Government, the for mer who supplies the soldier of th army and th sailors of the navy, the artisan who toils In tho natlou's workshop, or the mechanics u labor- era who DUIhl Its edinee and coll in omul lis umninta riiii umi- Its irU and vemcls of war. I struct sliimlil. Iii iiBvnienlnf thMr In.t aui bard oumed due, naclve depreciated paper, while another da of their countrymen. ) more dcMrvtug, are rvald tu coin. ' I tod l-ZlH. V that tilth creditor of the Oovrr.' mr ttt should be paid' In' a currency possessing an uniform raluo. This can only be aecom)lishel by the res torathri of Uie currency to the stand ard established by tho Copstvitloii, and by this means wo would rrmovi a discrimination which mny, !lit ha not already done an, ereatn a preju dice that may beeuuio lec-rootcd and widespread, and imperil thu Na tional credit". The fewdblllly of making out rur reney oorretmt! with the ConatHu tlonul standard may Ik" art rrby a re ference to a few facts dil l front our commercial statitic.. The se gregate product of preelous rhrtst iti tho Tnlhtl States from 1S49 to 1807 amounted to SI. 174,000,000, while frr thu- same perhid tho ntt export of specto Were 741,000,000. This shoWa an excess of product orei net cximrts of $4M,fJO0,odo; There Is In tllu Tn as--ury' In coin,, hi circnlatlon In thri' States on the raclllccoast(.nnd In tho' National and rthurbnnkai. le Uiam $l0,000;(K10e Titklnir Info" cYinM'dcrtofRm tlic do In the country prion 1f lfniid' since 1807, we have more Uiau $300, (WjOOO not- accounted for' by esiHirta-. tion or i iy me returns proimniy ro malnlnir In tho cotinrrv.. These arer important facts and ehow how oonv nletelv the Inferior enrrariev will an- petwiM the better, f ireinir It frons circnlatlon' among the masses and causing it to bo exported: as merely an article of trade, to add to the moil ey capital of foreign lands. Thev show the necessity retiring our paper, money, that the return of rold amf silver to a-vennes of trade mny Vm In-1' vitea ana a demand created widen l will causo tho retention at hmne of at least so much of the croductlons of our. rich and Inexhaustible gold bearing field as may be sufficient for the purpose of circulation; :. It is impossible to effect a; return -to a sound currency so Jong as tho.' Government and batiks, by cnntlnu Inirto rssno Irredeemable notes, fill - the channels of cirmilatiorr with do- preoiated paper. Natwlthstnndlnu a coinage by our mints siqco 1840, of $874,000,000, the people aro now stran- ' gers to tho currency which was do-" signed for their use and boneflt, and specimens of tho precious ntctaW bearing the National device aro sel dom seen except when produced tf gratify the? interest excited by their novelty, jr depreciated paper Is to Ikj continued as the permanent cur rency of the country, and all our crln is to become a mere artlcio of traffic and speculation, to tho enhancement .' of the price of all that is Indispensa ble to the comfort of the people, it will lio a wise economy to abolish our mints, thus saving the Nnt Ion tho care and expense Incident to such cs tablishincnts, and to let our prcclmis, roetais ue rxoruo in minion, 'flic time lias come when the Gov-' ernmcnt ami National Banks should lie required to take ths most. nicU-ut steps and make ail nocessary arrange-' menu ror tue resumption or specif payments. Let specie payments raj once earnestly inaugurated bv tho unvcrnmeni ami luinks, anil tho value of tho paper circulation would directly approximate to the proin-r standard. Specie payments having been resumed by tho Government and Bonks, nil notes or bills of paper issued by fit tier, or a iiws denomina tion than $20, should, by law. I ex cluded from circulation. So that the peoplo may have the benefit and con-' venience of a gold and silver cur- .t . rcucy, which lu all their buslnei)' transactions, will bo uniform Inli ne at home aud abroad. Evesy man 1 who desires to pitsstTveTwhui lie Kiui", cstly possosnxs or tooh'j&lu what ho can honestly earn, has a direct Inter est In malntalng n safe circular! tur.o' medium such a medinm as.rhuli hn real and substantial, ijoVt'iVhle to vl--brato with opinhilMl'hot subjiet to ho blown in,i.it" blown down by the breeze of speculation : but to bo made secure. A disordered currency is one of the greatest political evils. It un der minus tho virtues necessary for the support of the social system ami encourages propensities destructive of its Happiness, it wars against indus try, frugality and economy, and ros ters the evil spirit of extravagance and speculation. ' It ha been asserted by one of our profound andirlftcdstatesmou that of' all contrivances for. cheating man kind, none has been so ull'ectuul as that which deludes them with paper money. This U tho most effectual of inventions to fertilizo tho rich man's fluid by tho sweat of tho Kor. man's brow. Ordinary tyranny, op pression, oxocasIvo taxation tneso' bearlltfhtly on the happiness of tho community, compared with a fraud ulent currency and tho robbery com mitted by depreciated paper. Our own history ha recorded for onr in-' struct ion enough, and more than enough of Its demoralising tctnlciicy. This injustice and intolerable oppres sion on tho virtuous and well disinct . of a degraded paper currency, author ised uy taw or in any way oounM. nanced by the Government Is one of the most successful devious iu times . of pooco or war, of expansion or rev-' olutlons, to accomplish the transfer of all tho precious metals from tho Krtmt Uioss of tho people Into tho hands of tho few, where they aro hoarded In secret plan's or deiswdti'd under holts und bars, while the peoplo ' are left to onduro all tho ineonvenl- , eiiccs, sacrifices and demoralization resulting from the lino of a depre ciated and worthless paper. . a ANDREW JOHNSON. Washi.nuto.v, Due. 0, 1808. . Tenuemee Orpbaa A ay I am at C'larhs. villa. We call the attention of our rmwlers to the following mxtruct from a letter from tho Secretary- of thl InUtu.; tloii i Clirlslmns will soon liehcrc. Will you not try to aond a little box con taining for thu children some Hills token of reiiiomliraiieeT We Intend having a (.'brUma tree, w it li all tho presents and names of donor on it, for each child. "We aro gratified to find thatao lllsrul a charity in behalf uf th or Phans of our dead soldiers la being IsMtowod thmtiKh the hauiU of suen kind and oniisiiloratcluilirs, and arn-' estly urge our friends and thu frklid. ofthesuduad lieriH'. to send sonic littio , tokens of "Is Ing reineinUrcU at home," for their lonely orpliittui, who have no one to baik to for the ehlld-i isli ehuor which gladdens our own liiiidicii'a liearU at Christ maa, but Ihu pooplu for whom their fathers died on tho field of buttle." 'lids apical is liiteixp d not only for llis omm-r. and agents of th Av ws,lalloii In tin. county, but forevrry onii who feel an Interest In and a wtllingnesatoerintriUite sumo thing ti help forward I his praiseworthy eo-. tcrprliie, and ws trust will meet wltl ivinwr, .wi v . . ..-v . .... v. a cheerful rrfiou.se. tuat'iKe 3aa. KX'f. Mr. DorUvj tho New York put. Usher, ha a fruit rui at Aik.U, r . IV., "TOIW "rou rrv w m ' .',1'. -