Newspaper Page Text
NICLE. VOL. 47--NO. 10. OLiARKSYILIjE, TEOT., SATURDAY, AUGUST 23, 1879. WHOLE NO. 2,283. w CHRO i 1 mm aaa ioliefa Clarksville, Tenn. Constantly on hand a full supply of School Hooks, Miscellaneous Books, Sunday School Books, Writing Taper, Envelopes, Pens, Pencils, Slates, Inks, Copy Books, Blank Books, And everything pertaining to Office Stationery. Our Entire Stock is Fresh. CALL AXD Li GAUOHAT, 57 Franklin Street, DEALER IN Fine Watches, Jewelry, Clocks and Silverware. Spectacles a Specialty. New, well selected and full stock. "Will open new goods daily for the olidays. Prices the lowest. Particular attention paid to repairing fine Watches, Clocks, Jewelry and Fancy Goods in the most jerfcct manner. All work warranted. Nov. 3t"), 1878-1 y S. B STEWART, DEALER IN Drugs and Medicines, Paints, Oils, Toilet Articles, Stationery, School Books, Etc. (Stand formerly occupied by McCauley A Co.) Clarlisville , T'enii- I cordially invite my friends and amine stKk and prices. August 10, 1878 tf DOR1TY. OLDHAM. POINDEXTER. Dorlty Wholesale Clarksville, The customers of this house may rely on getting full value for their money. Our stock is entirely fresh", and was bought for CASH. Orders by mail will receive the most careful attention. . Respectfully, DORITY, OLDH October 20, 178-tf XXcw Firm ! .1. F. WARFIFLD. vVARFIELD & (OPPOSITF. FOX If you want Stuffs, Perfumery, Toilci Articles, Spices,, ' (Jive us a rail. We keep a full lino Of the above at I The Peoples Proscription icrurately January 4, ISTS-ly DRUGS and PAINTS TOILET ARTICLES, SCHOOL BOOKS AND STATIONERY, Tobacco, Cigars and Liquors, AT 7 1JY WHOLESALE OK RFTA1L. en & Moore. Pure Drugs, Patent Medicines, Dye-Stuffs, Paints, Oils, Varnishes, Teas, Spices, Perfumery, Toilet Articles, Cigars and Tobacco, Pure Wines and Liquors for Medi cinal Purposes. EXAMINE. Clarksville, Tenn. former patrons to come and ex- and Retail Tenn. New Goods! J. B. REYNOLDS. REYNOLDS, A SMITH'S) bargains in Drug- Store ! compounded night or day, 01dliam& Co., Al & 00. To go to V. L. Williams popular Low Priced Shoe Store for bargains in Boots Shoes, Hats, Caps, people do daily testify that he now has the best goods for the house in Clarksville. the test, and prove Room, on the Corner, No. 25 Franklin and First-Cross streets. May 31, 1879 tf THE OlarOTille wagons At Reduced Prices ! AS LOW AS THE LOWEST! The Clarksville Wagon Co. makes the very best Wagons known to the trade, uses none but thoroughly other materials of the Reduced as low as distant factories. We sold. We offer A No. I Wagons, strog and substantial, at very low figures. All our worK is warranted, an at factory, or on Fox & Smith, Agents, and examine our Wagons before buying. J. P. Y. WHITFIELD, President. B. W. MACRAE, Treasurer. June 21, 1879-6m NEW Our buyer, V. F. Coulter, lias returned from second trip East, and we are now prepared to show the trade MANY NEW NOVELTIES IN Dress Goods. Lace Buntings, Plain (all wool) Buntings, black and Colored. Splendid Stock of Black Cashmeres at from 50c. to $1 50 per yard. Silk and wool and all wool Tamise, and the prettiest stock of Lawns and Linen Lawns Ever offered on this Market. We have great bargains in These Goods were bought late, and 25 to 50 per cent, lower than the early purchases, and it will pay you to see them. Ladies' Linen Handkerchiefs, In great Variety, very Cheap. largest stock of Goods to our 50. COUNTER! We Ever Had. 100 doz. Splendid Cotton Hose, for Ladies, 100 doz. Fancy Hose for Children, 100 doz. Men's Half-hose, all at 5 cents per pair. Call and see them. We can show you the best Stock of CARPETINGS, BUGS, White and Fancv Straw MATTINGS, LaceCiirtiiins & Oil Shades In the City. BEAUTIFUL DRUGGETS. Our stock of Bleached and Brown Cottons, and 1C-4 Sheetings, is full ; bought before the rise, and will be sold very Cheap. Remember, it is no trouble to show our Good?, but a pleasure. Respectfully, Coulter, June 14, 1S79. FORGET ! Notions, Etc. The least money of any Reader, put us to JL what we say. Store BEST seasoned timber and best quality. Prices the inferior work of will not be under We have also aciaeu tne - -m- -r -m 1 1 -1 1 . Bro. & Strutton. Franklin Bank, FRANKLIN STEEET, CLARKSVILLE, TENN. STOCKHOLBEE3. Virgil A. Garnett, Mrs. T. F. Pettus, J. M. Anderson, Alf. Darnall, W. T. Mc Reynolds. Geo. Snadon. Stephen Pettus H. J. Wilder, W. H. Green, D. Kincaonon. J. G. Joseph. P. C. HAMBAUGH, President. R. D. MOSEL.EY, Vice-Pres't W. 8. Poindkxteb, Cashier. tiT Prompt Attention to Collections. Nov. 24. 1877-tf Nickel. Counter AT e. Guars, Xo. 13 Franklin Street, Clarks ville, leun. Lieut.-General N.B.Forrest and His Campaigns. Aa Addresn Delivered Before tbe Southern Historical Society at White Snlphnr Spring's, Va., August lath, 18TJJ, JIV HON. JAS. II. CIIALIEItS. I have selected as my subject on this occasion the campaigns of Lieu-tenant-General N. B. Forrest, who was my immediate commander dur ing the last year and a half of the war, and who, if not the greatest military genius, was certainly the greatest revolutionary leader on our side. He was restrained by no knowledge of law or constitution. He was embarrassed by no precon ceived ideas of military science. His favorite maxim was,' "war means fighting, and fighting means killing." Without the slightest knowledge of them, he seemed by instinct to adopt the tactics of the great master of the military art, if there be any such art. Hamley says "nothing is more common than to find in writings on military matters reference to 'the rules of war,' and assertions such as some general 'owed his success to knowing when to dispense with the rules of war.' It would be aiincult to say what these roles are or in what code they are embodied." Colonel T. W. White, a clear-head ed officer of my command, express ing the same idea more quaintly. said ; "It all consists in two words luck and pluck." Forrest pos sessed both of these in an eminent degree j and his successes, many of which were achieved with men who naq never been drilled one hour together, illustrated what might have been accomplished by untrained southern soldiers. HIS LIFE BEFOKE THE WAR. in .February, 1841, when 1 was but ten years of age, I remember well a small company of volunteers who marched out of the town of Hol ly Springs, Mississippi, for the re lief of Texas, then threatened by invasion from Mexico. In that lit tle band stood Bedford Forrest, a tall, black haired, gray eyed, ath letic youth, scarce twenty years of age, who then gave the first evi dence of the military ardor he pos sessed. The company saw no fights ing, for the danger was over before it arrived, and the men received no pay. Finding himself in a strange country without friends or money, l'orrest, with the characteristic en ergy that distinguished him in after life, split rails at fifty cents per hun dred and made the money neces sary to bring him back to his fam ily and home. Without tracing him through the steps by which he accumulated a fortune, it is enough to say that at sixteen years of age he was left fath erless, with rt mother and large fam ily to support on a small leased farm, and at forty years of age he was the owner of a large cotton plantation and slaves, making about one thousand bait of cotton per an num, and engaged In a prosperous business in Memphis, the largest city of his native State. His per sonal courage had been severely tested on several occasions j nota bly aj: IJernando, Mississippi, where he was assaulted in the streets by three Matlock brothers and their overseer Bp.- PtetoJ and bowie knives were freely used, and after a terrible fight, in wheh thirteen shots were fired, the three Matlocks and Forrest all wounded, his assail ant3 Sed and left him master of the field. LIEUTENANT-COLONEL. OF A CAV ALRY BATTALION. On the 14th of June, 1861, Nathan Bedford Forrest was enrolled as a private in a Confederate cavalry company, and went into camp near Randolph, Tennessee. About the 10th of July, 1861, Hon. Isham G. Harris, the great WftF governor of Tennessee, Knowing Forrest wol and having a high regard for the man, telegraphed him to come to Memphis, and there, through the aid of General Polk, procured au thority for him to raise a regiment of cavalry for Confederate service. This was somewhat difficult author ity to obtain at that time, for in the beginning of the war neither side regarded cavalry as of much value for fighting purposes ; and it is, per haps, more due to Forrest than to any other man, that the cavalry was subsequently so largely in creased and" played such an impor tant part on both sfdes, But For rests men were not properly called cavalrythey more nearly resem bled the, dragoons of the sixteenth century, who are described aa "mounted foot soldiers." Jackson's corps were called "web-footed cav alry," and Forrest's troopers might well be called "winged infantry." On the 20th of July, Forrest mus tered his first company into service, and about the same time smuggled out of Louisville, Ky., though close ly watched, pistols and saddles to equip them. "During the second week of October. UH, hp organised a battalion fif eight companies, of which he was elected Lieutenant Colonel, and the day after its organ ization moved for Fort Donelson, and commenced his active and bril liant career, which knew no cessa tion until the armies of the South were surrendered. I shall not in this address undertake to follow in detail his successful and marvellous career, nor shall 1 indulge in any flowpra of rhetoro to adorn my to ry. I will attempt by a plain and simple recital of his most promir nent deeds, to raise up the monu ment he hewed out for himself, and leave to other hands to polish its surface and crown it with appropri ate wreaths of beauty, HIS FIRST BATTLE.. After having seen some service in marching and scouting, but with little time. or inclination for drill, on the 28th of December, 1861, For rest, with three hundred men, met the enemy for the first time, about four hundred and fifty strong, near Sacramento, Kentucky. This fight deserves especial notice, not only because of I N sum ano; thp ppnfi denee inspired in the raw Confederr ate cavalryi Rut because it displayed at once the characteristics and nat 0G ural tactics which were subsequent ly more iuny developed and made Forrest famous as a cavalry leader lie had marched his. ommand twenty miles that day, when he found a fresh trail where the ene my's cavalry had passed. Putting his command at a gallop, he trav eled ten miles further before he struck the rear guard. His own command was badly scattered, not nair up with him ; but without haulting, he rushed headlong at them, leading the charge himself. When he had driven the rearguard on to the main body, and they turned c" r.isj with superior force, he quickly dismounted his men. and held the enemy in check until his command came up, and ordered them to attack flank and rear. This movement was successful, and the retreat of the Federals soon beeran. Quickly mounting his men, he com menced one or his terrible pursuits. fighting hand-to-hand with pistol and sword killing one and wound ing two himself continuing the chase for many miles, and leaving the road dotted with wounded and dead. His Major, a celebrated preacher and subsequently an equally cele brated Confederate Colonel, D. C. Kelly, saw him then for the first time under fire, and thus vividly describes the change that always took piace in nis appearance in a fight : "His face flushed till It bore a striking resemblance to a painted Indian warrior's, and his eyes, usu any so mud. in their expression, Diazed with the intense glare of panther's about to spring on his prey. In fact, he looked as little like the Forrest of our mess table as the storm rf December resembles the quiet of June." Those who saw him when his brother Jeffrey fell, who was born after the death of his father, and who was educated and almost idol ized by his brother, say that the blaze of his face and the glare of his eyes wfere fearful to behold, and that he rushed like a madman on the foe, dealing out death with pis tol and sword to all around him like Hector fighting over the body ot I'atroclus : "Yet, fearless in his strength, now rushing on, He dashed amid the prey ; now shouting ioua, Stood firm : but backward not a step re- Urea." This first fight, as I have said, il lustrated the military characteris tics of the man, and justified the re mark of General Dick Taylor, that "he employed the tactics of Fred erick at Leuthen and Zorndorf, without even having heard these names." First, his reckless courage in making the attack a rule which he invariably followed and which tended always to intimidate his ad versary. Second, his quick dis mounting of his men to fight, show ing that he regarded horses mainly as a rapid means of transportation for his troops. Third, his intuitive adoption oi the flank attack, so suc cessfully used by Alexander, Han nibal and Tamerlane? so demoral izing to an enemy even in an open field, and so much more so when made, as Forrest often did, under cover of woods which concealed the weakness of the attacking party. Fourth, his fierce and untiring pur suit, which so often changes retreat into rout and makes victory com plete. If our Confederate leaders had pursued their victory at Manas sas, Shiloh and Chickamauga as Forrest pursued this his first victo ry ; as he pursued Streight in the mountains of Alabama : as he pur sued Sturgisfrom Tishemingo creek; as he pursued every advantage ob tained over an enemy the cause that we lost might perhaps have been won, Fjfth, following, with, out knowing it, Napier's precept of the art of war, he was always in the front, making personal observations and sending back orders for moving nis troops, "wnne nis keen eye watched the wholefight and guided him to the weak spot." As Scott eaid of Wellington "Greeting the mandate wliloh sent out Their bravest and t heir best to dare A fate their leader shunned to share. He his country's sword and shield Ktlll In the battle front revealed. And where danger fiercest swept the field, Than (ame )e a Mam qf light." This practice brought him into many personal conflicts; and Gene ral Dick Taylor has well said: "I doubt if any rommander, since the days of lion-hearted Richard, has killed as many enemies with his own hand as Forest." This exposed him also to constant danger, and he had twenty-seven horses killed and wounded under him in battle, and was twice severely wounded him self. This practice led to imitation bj general officers ; and at Hurt's cross-roads, the day before the battle of Franklin, I witnessed what I will venture to say was never seen on any other battlefield during the war, Forrest with two division and three brigade commanders all on the skirmish line In the fight. FORT DONELSON AND SHILOH. At Fort Donelson his regiment bore a conspicuous part in the fight, covered General Pillow's flank in the most important sortie that was made on our side, captured a bat tery of sjjf guns, and rptrpated In safety, when the garrison surren dered. At HMion, without taking any part in the main battle, he ren dered signal and efficient service. Our army had been withdrawn early Sunday evening, and when officere and men were sleeping, tondly dreaming that their Yietory was completo. Forrest, without any ordeis from any superior officer, had pressed his scouts to the river and discovered that reinforcements of the enemy were arriving. I was then in command of an infantry brigade, which, by some oversight, had not received the order to retire. and havingoontinuedthe fight until dark, slept on the ground whepe Prentiss surrendered. About mid night Forrest awoke me, inquiring for Generals Beauregard, Bragg and Hardee, and when I could not tell him the headquarters of either, he said, in profane but prophetic lan guage, "If the enemy come on us in the morning, we will be whipped like hell." With promptness he carried the information to head quarters, and, with military genius, suggested a renewal at once of our attack j but the unlettered Oolonei was ordered, back' to hjs regim.ext "to keen up a vigilant and utrong picket line," which he did, and gave timely notice of the Monday's attack. On the day after Shiloh, General Sherman was attempting to press our army in retreat, and the advance guard of his division was composed, as he tells us, of two reg iments Seventy-seventh Ohio in fantry and Dickey's Fourth Illinois cavalry, Forrewt, with three hun? dred cavalry, was watching them. Just as they were attempting to crosj a small ravine and were in some confusion, he made a charge so flarce and sudden that infantry and cavalry were all driven, back together. Forrest, charging in among them with pistol and sabre, pursued to within one hundred and fifty yards of the division in line of battle, while cries of "kill him," "knock him off his horse," were heard all around him. The enemy lopt fifteen killed and twenty-five prisoners, while Forrest was severe ly and his horse mortally wounded. General Sherman, in hi report fcf Jt, sflysf "The enemy's cavalry came down boldly at a charge led by General Forrest in person, break ing through our lines of skirmish ers, when the infantry, without cause, threw away their musket9 and fled. The ground was admira bly adapted to a defence of infantry against cavalry, being miry and covered with fallen timber. As the regiment of infantry broke, Dickey's cavalry began to discharge their carbines and fell into disorder. I instantly sent orders to the rear for the brigade to form in line of battle, which was promptly executed." The success and result of this attack can be estimated by considering this further extract from General Sherman's report : "The check sus tdined by us at the fallen timbers delayed our advance, so that night came on us before the wounded were provided for and the dead buried ; and our troops being fagsred out Dy three days' hard fighting" (it will be remembered that this was the only fighting they had on the third day), "exposure and pri vation, l ordered them back to their camps where they now are." A BRIGADIER-GENERAL CAPTURE OF MURFREESBORO. On the 10th of June. 1862. before he had recovered from his wound. at the earnest solicitation of prom inent citizens of North Alabama, he was ordered to Chattanooga to take command of four regiments of cav airy, which had seen but littlo if any service. Hearrived on the 19th of June, and began at once to have his horses shod and his men made ready for a move. He was then but a Lieutenant-Colonel, though assigned to this command as a Brig adier-General, to which rank he had been recommended for promo tion, and the appointment was sub sequently maue on tne zist or July. After some delay and trouble with his Colonels, growing out of the question of rank, he moved from Chattanooga on the 8th of July, with about two thousand cavalry rank and hie. In five days he had crossed the mountains, tought a se vere battle at Murfreesboro," and with his two thousand cavalry, by hard lighting and a successful bluff, captured General Crittenden, with seventeen hundred infantry, four pieces of artillery, six hundred horses, forty wagons, twelve huO' dred stands of arms and ammuni tion, and a laige quantity of cloth ing and supplies. A Union writer estimated their loss at one million dollars. In five days more he had driven the Union cavalry from Leb anon, captured three picket posts around isashville with one hundred and forty-three prisoners, burned four important bridges near the city, a railroad station and a large supply of railroad wood, and made his escape from lieneral JSelson, who was pursuing him with a largely superior force. On the 21st of July, 1862, the day his commis sion as Biigadier-General bears date, while he was tearing up railroad track, burning bridges and doing much damage, he was so completely surrounded that his escape seemed impossible, and a telegram was act ually sent to General Buell that he had been cantured. with eia-ht hun dred men ; but when the mountain passes were all guarded, and the en emy moving on him on every road. he coolly and quietly led his men out of the trap set for him, by taking the dry Ded of a creek, with steep banks, that concealed him from view, running parallel with the McMinnville road, and passing al most unoer tne troops arawn up in line of battle on this road to inter cept him, On the 23d he joined Bragg at Sparta, where he was for the first time furnished with a section of artillery, and as our army moved into Kentucky, was ordered to assist inj)rotecting its left flank, which he ORGANIZES A NEW COMMAND IN MIDDLE TENNESSEE. But Forrest was best suited to in dependent action ; and, at his own request, turned over his brigade in Bragg's army on the 27th of Sep tember, 1862, at Bardstown, Ken tucky, and in five days had marched one hundred and sixty-five miles and was at Murfreesboro, Tennessee, to organize a new command. By the first of November, 1862, he had organized a new brigade, thirty five hundred strong, and being anxious to retake the capital of his State, had persuaded General Breck inridge, then in command, to per mit him, with his own force and three thousand infantry under Gen eral Roger Hanson, to attempt it. The movement was made ; but just when the attack was about to begin, and when Forrest felt confident of success, an order came to retire. UIS FIRST RAID INTQ WEST TEN On the 10th of December, 1862, Forrest was ordered to move with his new brigade of raw cavalry, armed only with shot guns and such weapons as they picked up in the country, across the Tennessee river lo destroy the railroad communica tion between Louisville and Mem phis. He called attention to the almost unarmed condition of his command; but, ia reply, was or dered by General Bragg to move at once. Sending an agent forward tq smuggle percqssjqri caps out of Memphis, he started. By tho 13th he had crossed the Tennessee river at Clifton, swimming his horses and ferrying over his men, artillery and train, with a leaky old ferryboat, in a cold, pelting rain, that destroyed most of his small supply of percus sion caps. Fortunately, hia agent arrived that night with a fresh sup ply, and he began his arduous task on the 16th, after sinking and con cealing his ferryboats to make safe his return. In two weeks' time, without three thousand raw and almost unarmed cavalry, in a small district of country, surrounded on three sides by the Tennessee and Mississippi rivers, and on the fourth tiy tfip Aemphs and Charleston railroad, thronged with Union soldiers, march ing an average of twenty miles a day, he fought three heavy battles, had almost dally skirmishing, burned fifty railroad bridges, destroyed so much of its trestlework as to render the Mobile and Ohio railroad useless there the rest of the war,' captured eighteen stockades, with two thousand, five, hundred prisoners, took and disa bled, ten pieces of field artillery, carried off fifty wagons and ambu lances, with their teams, captured ten thousand stands of arms and one million rounds of ammunition, and then crossing the Tennessee river, seven hundred yards wide, in a few skiffs and one ferryboat, navigated by poles, his horses swimming, while an enemy ten thousand strong was attemptingtocutoffhis retreat) he returned to his camp on the 1st of January i l&fol. With a command stronger in numbers than when he started, thoroughly equipped with blankets and oil cloths, their shot gups replaced with Kniield rifles, and with a surplus of five hundred rifles and eighteen hundred blank ets and knapsacks, While tho army of Virginia can justly boast of Its unsurpassed infantry under Jackson, the West Is equally proud of the matchless achievements of Forrest and his cavalry. He had scarcely returned from thisexpedition when he was ordered to assist Wheeler in his attack on Dover. Returning from this, he was constantly engaged in the battles and skirmishes around felprtng Hill and Thompson station ) and on the 24th of March, isawth his own command captured Brent, wood, with seven hundred and fifty-nine prisoners, and destroyed a railroad bridge and block-house within a short distance of Nashville. CAPTURES STREIGHT. On tins 23d of April, 1863, he was ordered to the relief of General Rod dy, who was threatened with a heavy force at Tuscumbia. Moving with extraordinary celerity, he crossed the Tennessee river on the 27th and on the 28th joined Roddy, wno was noiding tne enemy in check at Town creek. Before him was General Dodge, with about eight thousand infantry; and just as Forrest opened an artillery lire on him, a scout reported Colonel Streight, with two thousand two hundred cavalry, moving through New burg towards Moulton. and be- tore liiiii lay unprotected the Iron works of Monte Vallo, the work shops at Seluui, ami all the railroads of Ahibama and Georgia ; where he would stritce no one could tell. rorrest saw at once thai the move ment of I)tdge was a feint, to cover the operations of Streight; and leaving a few regiments to keep up a show or resistance, he fell hack that night toward Courtland, to prepare for the pursuit of Streight, wnicn ne commenced eariy on tne morning of the rJth March, 1863 The story of that celebrated pursuit, which lasted four days and nights. almost without cessation ; the con stant skirmishing, amounting often to heavy battles: the flanking of the bridge over Black creek.throueh trie aid of Miss l-jin ma Sanson, who. mounting Denind him on his horse. piloted him to an old Ford ; the courage and simplicity of the same country girl, spreading out her skirts and telling him to get behind her when they dismonnted at the Ford under fire of the enemy ; the fierce fighting at Sand mountain at dusk, where men fought by the flash of their guns, and where For rest had one horse killed and two wounded under him; tho weird midnight attack, when he rolled his guns silently by hand to within one hundred and fifty yards of his .un conscious foe, and awoke the slum bering echoes of the mountain with the thunder of his artillery : tha sharp crack of the rifle and the Rebel yell, before which the enemv fled; and the final stratagem by which seventeen hundred Federals were captured by six hundred Con federates has been so often and so vividly told, that it needs no repe tition, until some Southern W'averlu shall perpetuate it in romance, or some Southern Homer shall embalm it in undying verse. THE BATTLE OF CHICKAMAUGA. From this time to the battle of Chickamauga he was constantly en gaged and rendered effective service, both in Middle and East Tennessee. In the battle of Chickamauga, his men, dismounted, fought with the infantry until the retreat began, when, mounting his men, he pur sued to within three miles of Chat tanooga. He captured a Federal officer in a tall tree that had been conveniently arranged for an ob servatory; mounting to his place. he could see the enemy retreating along the roads and in the town of Chattanooga in great confusion and chaos. He communicated theso facts to headquarters, and urged an immediate advanco of the Confed erate army upon them. Had his example or his advice been followed. Sherman's march to the sea might never have been made. HE LEAVES BRAGG'8 ARMY. On the 3d of October, 1863, he was ordered by General Bragg to turn over his command, except Dibrell' brigade, to General Wheeler for an expedition into Tennessee. Itegardiny this as derogatory to him, he resigned his commission. General Bragg was my first brigade commander, and I was more at tached to hini than any General under whom I served. I knew him to be a pure and unselfish patriot, and in the fall of ls(il bore from him to President Davis the strikingly unselfish proposition to turn over to General A. S. Johnston, for active service in Kentucky, his well drilled army at Pensacola, and to receive raw recruits in its place, if he could not be taken with his men; and I would tny nothing now even to wound his memory. But the promotion of Wheeler over Forrest, which he in an honest desire to pro mote the good of the service, recom mended, was unfortunate. Wheeler, a brave, gnerous, un selfish and educated soldier did not desire it, and suffered in public esti mation when it was thrust on htm. Forrest, though a groat strategist. trustee! largely fartaotlos and many military details to officers under him ; and if Wheeler hau remained second to Forrest, as he was per fectly willing to do, a moresplendid combination for cavalry operations could scarcely have been made. Thus ended Forrest's career in Bragg's army ; but before wo turn from this department, I must recall an anecdote strikingly illustrative of the estimation in which Forrest "was held by the people, and which he always told on himself with great delight. When Bragg was retreating from Tennesson, Forrest was among the last of the roar guard, and an old lady ran out of her house to the gate, as he was passing, and urged him to turn back and fight. As he rode on without stopping, she shook her fist at him In great rage and said: "Oh, you great, big, cowardly rtvioali X only wish old Fomt was here; he'd make you fight 1" ORGANISES A NEW COMMAND IN WEST TENNESSEE AND NORTH MISSISSIPPI. Mr. Davis refused to accept his resignation, but promoted him to the rank of Major-General and as signed him to the command of North Mississippi and West Ten nessee, and gave him permission to take with him his old battallion, now known as McDonald's, and Morton's battery, which he had or ganized, and whose, "guns he had captured the whole force amount ing to three hundred men and four guns. He reached Mississippi with this force on the 15th of November, 1863, and after reporting to Gen. Joseph K. Johnston, and receiving the awUtauce of Major-General S, D, Iee to pass the enemy's lino on the Memphis and Charleston rail road, he reached Jackson, Tennes see, on the 0th day of December, 1863, and for the fourth time during the war began to organize a new command. At this time West Ten nessee M as full of littlo companies of from ten to thirty men willing to fight, but unwilling tq go far from home or into tho infantry service. The arrival of Forrest was the sig nal for all these men to rally around him, and by the 23d of December he had collected a force of about three thousand men, all unarmed except about two hundred. In the meantime, General Hurlbut was not Idle, and General Sherman, who was determined to capture Forrest If osIble, was directing the move ments against him. The rains had been heavy and the streams were all full. The Ten nessee was behind him on his left, the Mississippi on his right, and before him were the Forked Jer, Hatchie and Wolf rivers, and Geno. Hurlbut at Memphis, with twenty thousand troops, watching every probable crosing place of these rivers, while troops were moving from Union CJity, Fort Pillow and Paducah, on his flank and rer. Loaded down as he was with three thousand unarmed men and a heavy train of supplies, escape would have seemed impossible to a less daring and less wary man. But one of the greatest secrets of Forrest's succr-M was his iKrfHt system of H"outs. Ilo kept able and reliable xcouta all nround him and at gnvd distances, and always knew where his enemy was, what he had, what he was do ing, and very often for days in ad vance what he was alout to do. While the enemy were watching for him at Purdy and Bolivar, ht unexpectedly crossed the Hatchie at Estenaula not, however, with out some sharp fighting before he got away. And when they wero expecting him to cross the Wolf nenr its headwaters, he made a bold dash for Memphis and crossed one regiment, having only two armed companies over wolf river bridge, in nine miles of that city. By skill ful handling of his five hundred armed men, and the occasional dis play of his large number unarmed, he fought several successful skirm ishes, captured the bridge over W olf river near Lafayette station, on the Memphis and Charleston railroad, and held the enemy In check at Collierville until he passed into Mississippi, with thirty-live hundred men, forty wagons loaded with subsistence, two hundred beef cattle and three hundred hogs. The corresH)ndent of the Cincinnati Commercial, writing from Memphis January 12, 1861, says: "Forrest, with less than four thousand men, has moved right through the six teenth army coriw. has passed with in nine miles of Memphis, oarrhil off one hundred wagons, two hun dred beef cattle, three thousand conscripts and innumerable stores, torn up railroad track, cut telegraph wire, burned and sacked towns, run over pickets with a single derringer pistol, and all, to', in the faco of ten thousand men." General Forrest was met near Ia- fayette by General Chalmers, with twelve hundred men, who covered his further march into Mississippi, and who from then, until the close of the war, was his second in com mand. The next month was occupied In obtaining arms for his recruits and reorganizing his command Into four brigades. When this Uok place many officers who had leen com manding little squads as companies were thrown out of command. This occasioned great dissatisfaction, anil about one-third of the recruits de serted and went back to West Ten nessee. Before this organization was completed, General Sherman commenced his movements In Mis sissippi. THE DEFEAT OF GENERAL W, HOOY SMITH. On the 3d of February, 1861, Gen eral Sherman began his movement from vicksburg to Meridian, Miss., and at the same time sent a force up by Yazoo City, to take Forrest In rear at Grenada, and ordered Gen eral W. Sooy Smith to "move from Collierville on Pontotoc and Oka lona," Ac, and to meet hini at Meridian, Miss., as near the 10th of February as he could. General Sherman says "General Polk seemed to have no suspicion of our intention to disturb him." If this were true, he certainly could not say the same thing of Forrest. He knew that Smith's cavalry was preparing to move some time beforo it did move. On the 8th two in fantry colums moved one on Pan ola and the other on Wyatt and on the Uth, one day before the riv alry started, Forrest, then al xford, telegraphed Chalmers, at Panola, to skirmish with the Infantry, but that this was a feint, and he must bo ready to intercept thecavalry.w hlch he predicted would strike for Co lumbus and the pralrlo country of east Mississippi, where he had gov ernment works and a large quantity of corn. McCulloch's ind Richard son's brigades were then atretrhed out from Panola to Ablieyville, watching tho crossings of the Talla hatchie river, while Jetf. Forrest's brigade was at Grenada, watching the forces at Yaaoo City, and Bell, at Oxford, organizing. On tho lOtlt Smith started from Collierville. On the 11th McCulloch moved to Ox ford on converging lines with Mm. By the llth it was manifest that Smith was moving for the prairie, and Forrest ordered a concentration of his command near West Point to intercept him, and this was accom plished ty the. IHth Jeff. Korrest reaching there on tho 17th. Ills brigade was thrown forward towards Aberdwn, and continued skirmish ing with the enemy until tho 20th. On the2(th Bell's brigade was sent to keep on the flank of the rneniv and cover Columbus, and McCulloch and Richardson moved unto sup port Jeff. Forrest, and ail fell back. slowly skirmishing to West Point. A telegram received here announced that General H. D. lee, with three brigades, would bo with us early on the 22d, and Forrest retired behind Suoua4on-cha creek, of steep bank and miry bottom, and over which there were but few bridges, easily defended. This was a iwrfectly salw tositton, where he could easily hold he enemy In check until Iav could arrive. Smith was In a complete cul-ite-mc, forirmd by the Suqua-ton-cha on the right, the Tilihoe Ix-foro him, and ttie loinblgtx'eon his left? and Lee and Forrest united could have orossed tho Suqua-ton-clm behind hini and captured his com mand. Larly on the morning of 2lst a heavy fire was opened n our pickets, composed of two regiments. dismounted and thrown out in front of the bridge, four miles wet T West Point. Forrest soon cauie up to where 1 was standing op tho causeway lending to the bridge, and as it was the first time I had cen with him In a fight, I watched him closely, ills manner was nervous, Impatient and Imperious. Heasked me what tho enemy were doing, and when I gave him tho rciwirt Just reeeivl from Colonel Dull', in command of tho pickets, he said, sharply: "I will go und fee my self," and startod across the bridge, which wits about thirty yard long, and then being raked by the cmv iny's fire. This struck me at tho time as n needles and somew hat braggadocio exposure of himself, and I followed him to see what ho would do. When we readied tho other bank, the lire of the enemy was very heavy, and our moil wcro falling back one running without hat or gun. In an Instant Forrest seized and threw him on the ground, and whilo the bullets were whistling thick around him, administered a severe thrashing with a brush of wood. A short time afterward I saw the scene illustrated In llarjer'a Weekly, as Forrest breaking in a conscript. He stood a few minutes, and when the tire slackened a little, ordered up his csccrt and McCul loch's brigade; ami they soon came. Leaving McCulloch in position, he. mounted with his escort, a splendid company of seventy-live young men, who each neemcd inspired wish the reckless courage of their leader, and dashed of.' through tho woods to the flunk nnd rear of thn enemy. lie soon discovered that the attacking force was small; and at "one suss-ctinglt to le the attack of a rear guard to cover u retreat, he order I the first division for ward, and the enemy fell back rapidly before him until they reached a wood four miles noilh of West Point, where they made a stand in force. After a heavy tight, in which ho lost Ighty killed and wounded, and the enemy as many, and where he took sevinty-fiv prisoners, he drove them back again, Continued on Fourth !'('