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The Big Stone Gap post. [volume] (Big Stone Gap, Wise County, Va.) 1892-1928, December 29, 1892, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn88061179/1892-12-29/ed-1/seq-1/

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I NO. 4.
ProfcKSionsil Card?.
a. l. pridemore,
JoncsviUe, Virginia..
i; ??. < in, \ .1. Jonenvlllc, Vn.
JACKSON & blank ens hip,
Jonosvillc, Virginia..
I*r<?:>: ? ?? ? on given t>? husfnesfi .it nil time*.
Collection r?| i InimS i:; southwest Virginia, ;i KpecialtT.
R. A, AYERS. - - jos. L.KELLY.
Big Stone Cap, Va,
.r. ?? m:\A.iTT.Jn, n. c. jr.
bullitt & McDowell,
Avers' HnlMlng, WG STONE GAP, VA
OlIlcL1 In Hank ?! l'.'m Stone Gap,
Big Stone Gap, Virginia.
h. A. W. SKEEN,
i ?")??.? in Short! Building,
Big Stone Gap, Virginia.
on]co ln s.?.crSWM ItuIIdir.g, W.I Ayeiine,
Big Stone Gap. Virginia.
Ofllrc i'i Vy< rs' nuiMiiig, Wood Avenue,
Big Stone Gap, Virginia.
i l? ??? in >:ii !;- !> BwlWHil?*,
Big Stone Gap, Virginia.
IV. i. Ill t.v. i ? '? Uli??, Vn i im ton, Wi-ir C.JI.Vu.
('.?i in v. ? Ihissvll, Wlw mim I luekenson Counties, and
Court ?.f Apjteitls .it Wytlieville, Vn.
<?. r. Kl M \N. M > M.lTHKtVK, JUS. ('. M ?V.SOK,
Joucsvillc, Vn. Itig Stone Gap. IMg Stone Onp.
duncan. mathews& maynor,
Olli,?-? ii. Ni, I..N Iltulding, )V.I Avenue,
Big Stone Gap, Virginia.
Close Attention to Collections and Prompt Iteiultnuce.
Big Stone Gap, Virginia,
A I.so
Whitesburg, Ky.
Special nil i to Collections nml l.nnd Titles.
t. M. \l 0kksox, U i- t . II. W. T mim.kk, Norton.
Prompt attention to nil Imsiin>n trusted to us. Ad
dress ? ill., i Ui- C. II . Vsi.,?r Norton, V?.
Big Stone Gap, Virginia,
Offers I?t-. proles ..: ?.?!??. ices to the people *<f thirdly
an I vicinity.
Big Stone Gap, Virginia.
City ami Land Work a Specialty.
Office Next to Post Office.
Address 1. on rDIG ST0NKGAIN VA.
Big Stone Gap, Va.
(Hven by the Oltleat NVwapHper
kn New Vurk City.
I lu addition ti lb< numerous new ami original prem?
ium* ottered i<i ? itb*< i i'i.-iwe promnw Ao prvcent
?hem with lou W . ..si ..t which nre ptaranUNsd
ji.v T. Lvxcu, Ulli Si nud Union Square, New York
City, who tnrni>li then* to uk.
Tu? Aovbhti*?? U the oldest newspaper In New
JTorkCity- It* Weekhj edition i? published In t*?
?action* und come* "tit ev<ryTuesday aud Friday-?
lot tlUIC? durluK Ute ><ur; lias civ'to eight page?cv
try l*?uu, i- r.t il nrluietl, luis plenty ol ptCttt***, short
Morles, telegraphic m-ws, Ruattclal tt?d market re*
a woman'* page and ?he ablest editorial* pub
Ji?h^<l by any N. ? Verl! ;,ai?-r. It Is n model Inane
fca|KM. ui. elevating and entertaining reading mat
W, devoid ol sensation* and object lonal advertl**
kimts. All for $1.00 a year.
I Specimen coplea and Premium lasts with full p?r>
?<;ulara ol the Utraetlv? lucucentettU tor Agenta,
^.'iit p*ree on application to
29 i'urk fU?Mrr Y.
The coming year points to prosperity
for Big Stone Gap. Numerous enterprise,
are being talked of and the development
of our coke field is sure to give us :i
healthy start.
! Nine years ago there ?ras not twenty
ovens in tlie Pocahoiitus district. Today
they have about 5,000. The mining popu?
lation has increased from a few hundred
to about .'10,000 within tho past ten years.
The development of this field has made
the great Norfolk and Western road and
buiit the cities of Koaiioke, Had ford, Blue
field, Graham, Pocahontas and numerous
smaller towns. Jt has brought into Vir?
ginia about twenty large furnaces anil
hundreds of smaller enterprises that have
added immensely to the population of
southwest Virginia and put the old state
of Virginia foremost among the southern
states in the iron industries.
Big Ston? (Jap has a coal field equal in
area to the Pocahnntas field with a coal
rtf a quality and thickness unexcelled,
and we are no geographically situated that
every mining colliery will be a feeder.
For, after passing through the Gap, you
find no location suitable for a large town
in an area of forty miles. We have a
great advantage over the Poeahoutas
region in railroad competition. The L. &
N. puts us in the market of Cincinnati,
St. Louis, Louisville, Chicago and all the
great iron points of the south and the S.
A. \ O. and E. T. V. it G. gives us compe?
tition to the same points. The X. & W.
will throw open the same markets thai
have .nude the Poeahoutas district what
she is. Then bring in the roads now
pointing here and there is no estimating
Big Stotie Gap's possibilities.
Steel plants are now being rapidly built
in the south and Pennsylvania will soon
have a rival in the steel producing indus?
tries that will prove as formidable a rival
as the iron industries in the south have
been. Ashland, Ky., has a new sleel
plan! which is running at a handsome
profit and drawing her supply of ore from
Lake Superior and coke from the New
Uiver district. Chattanooga has a suc?
cessful steel plant with a long haul of
both ore and coke. Birmingham lias one
in operation and is to have another.
Middlcshot'O has a large plant nearly
com pletod.
Now with the Cranberry district in
sixty-five miles of us which will furnish
us a high grade of Bessemer ore; coke at
our door and a high grade of iron ore
within a stone's throw ol our furnace, can
any man say Big Stone Gap is excelled
for steel producing? With our native
ores we can make steel by the Basic pro?
cess and with the Cranberry ores we can
make steel by 1 he Bessemer process. Let's
have a steel plant. If this is an age of
steel wc are ready to make steel.
It is surprising how few people are
acquainted with the natural resources of j
this section and how many judge the
whole soulh by bad investments of their
friends in towns and sections of country
that never had any merit. Only a short
while since two of Middlesboro's most
prominent business men made us a visit
and were taken out to our CDal fields.
They were heard to remark that they had
no concept ion of the amount of coal we
have in this section and after being shown
a vein of coal fourteen feet in thickness
with hardly a preccptible parting they
were astonished. It takes development
to advertise our resources. The develop?
ment has begun. Look out for Big Stone
Ten years ago coal lands in the I'oca?
houtas region could have been purchased
for from to per acre. Now you can
not buy for any price, and is now yielding
$1,300 per acre in royalties. Ten years
ago coal land in this district could have
been purchased for 00 cents per acre that
can not now be bought for $100.
A muck mill is being talked of in con?
nection with the furnace plant here. A
plant of this kind would add greatly to
Big Stone Gap and furnish us a hundred
laborers more skilled and thawing better
wages than our fur:iaee men. Pennsyl?
vania has thus tar been able to hold her
own with the south by manufacturing her
furnace products at home and sending
out only the manufactured article. As
soon as that policy is adopted in the south
we will have no rival in Pennsylvania.
We are now shipping Pennsylvania pig
iron. She manufactures it at a profit and
sells it back to us. Bring on your muck
mill, steel plant, rolling mills, nail mills,
etc. They will all pay here and wc can
get them with a little work.
The Great Ainu ot Magnetism .llore
Washington*, Dec. 23.?The news from
Mr. Blaine this morning is more cheerful
than it has been at any lime this week.
He has not only continued to hold his
own. but shows a number of favorable
symptoms herctolotc absent. For the
moment his cot dilioi. has changed for the
good. The cxcclkr eure atid attention
Mr. Blaine , has received have brought
about a reaction from the great depres?
sion of vitality which manifested itself in
Sunday's attack, and Sir. Blaine himself
now shows, to a slight extent, a return to
the sanguine temperment which has been
one of his characteristics. He is perhaps j
a little stronger, but there must be always
present a fear of a renewed attack. This
morning his pulse is better, his tempera-'
ture lower, and ho is brighter and more
cheerful than the doctors have found him
any day this week. He also takes nour?
ishment better. The doctors will not dis?
cuss the medical features of the case, but
it be.oms probable that Mr. Blaine has had
fever along with the other very'serious
features of his illnes, and that this fever
haw been allayed in part at least,
j Dr. Johnson, after his visit this morn
I ing, said: "Mr. Blaine is. better to-day
i tlian lie was yesterday in several respects."
At Mr. Blame's residence there has al?
ways, been expressed a vcrv hopeful view
5: of the case. Mrs. Bluitie herself lias al
f ways been strongly imbued with the feel
1 j iug that her husband would rally, and il
| is said, held up hotter than any other
member of t-hc family. The signs of a
return to something more like his former
cheerfulness natu-ally was very pleasing
to (he family, and to-day the few persons
who called early iu the day were- informed
that "Mr. Maine is very much better."
Hj>wv?tlie Children in Europe Observe
CbrirttntiH Pay.
In Belgium the children till their shoes
. with beans and carrots on Christmas eve,
and set them in the chimney place for
the good saint's horse. Iu the morning
they expect to find them tilled with sweet?
meats and fruil i.1 return for their good
In Holland the children hang lip their
woolen stockings by the tiled chimney
piece, and then go soberly to bed quite
sure that good St. Nicholas will visit
them, provided they do not disturb him
in his vi ait.
Bohemian children listen anxiously on
Christmas eve for the chariot and while
horses of the "Christ child" as he comes
Hying through the air with his krippe full
of presents; but 'the Italian children go
gravely with their parents to churches
and cathedral to sec the bambino, or
saint, who presents them with their Christ?
mas gifts.
The Spanish children hide their shoes
or slippers in the bushes on Christmas
eve, and liiu! them tilled with fruit and
sugar plums <ui Christmas morning.
In France the young people stand their
shoes in a convenient place for Hie gifts
to, be. dropped into. Sometimes if the
shoe of a bad boy is am#tig Iheni lie finds
a whip in it in the morning, and he must
be a stupid fellow who cannot lake so
sharp a hint. Very different are I lie feel?
ings of a German child. He waits with
feelings of mingled awe and pleasure for
tin! coining of two important personages
?the "Christ child" and the "KneChl
Huppert." The latter person questions
naughty children and threatens them with
punishment till the "Christ child's" in?
tercession saves the culprit and wins its
pardon. Then these two Christmas ap?
paritions lay down their burdens of gifts
and depart.
In some parts of Germany the good
sain I will have a Chris I mas tree brilliantly
illuminated with wax candles to hang its
gilts on. He is not satisfied simply with
the stocking in the chimney, and it is
from this whim of his saiutship that the
custom has spread into other countries
and conic over to our own. The Christ?
mas tree of today, however, is only a suc?
cessor to its prototype, flic ancient legend?
ary yd'gnatil, or eternal tree, that had its
roots in earth and its top in heaven.
In Germany the schoolboys and chor?
isters make the midnight air ring with
their merry carols. The "Three Kings of
the Hast, the Angel Gabriel and the Star
Singers ' parade the streets, and similar
precessions go about iu Italy, France and
Spain. In former years, and perhaps
even now iu some localities in England,
the Christmas waifs?young lads?make
the air vocal with lovclv Christmas carols,
but in our country these are reserved to
be heard in church and Sundav school,
and sometimes They ring out in chimes
from the church steeple.?Cincinnati Com?
mercial Ga/.cl le.
Secretary Foster Sayn it Will be Main?
Wasuixutox, Dec. *-'?.?Secretary of the
Treasury Charles Foster expressed him?
self freely to a reporter respecting the
alarm fell in financial circles over antici?
pated large gold exports. He said he
I looked on the situation not simply us a
spectator, awaiting his retirement from
office: "1 am Secretary of the Treasury,"
he said, "and will be relieved- on the 4th
of March next. My duty will be performed
iu the interest of the pjblic welfare as
vigorously as if mv time were not soon t<.
end. Every resource at my command will
be availed of to preserve the gold and
silver, as I am commanded by law."
"How about the reserve ill the treas?
ury '!"
"No one can obtain gold from the
treasury wit hunt paying money for it, and
with the money Ilms received 1 can recoup
the gold. There is also the right vested
iu the Secretary of I he Treasury to sell
bonds it necessary to maintain the gold
reserve. The treasury situation as Iu the
cash balance is such as to permit the free
use of cash received for gold to again ob?
tain the gold."
"Will the gold reserve be maintainedV"
"It will be."
This was stated with the utmost em?
phasis. "I firmly believe that with the
resources at the command of the depart?
ment. I shall not be seriously embarrassed
ill more than maintaining it. I recom?
mend to Congress iu my annual report
that the reserve be increased from $100,
000,000 to f 125,000,000."
As t he secretary's report was prepared
before, tho present abnormal drain of gold
to Europe had started, Secretary Foster
reasonably claims credit for fully antici?
pating the present pressure and taking till
precautions to meet it.
Collins,.One of the Huntington Train Rob?
bers, Convicted.?it is Youth and Open
Confession Only Saved Him from the
HvxTix?tox, W. Va., Dec. :>4.?The
counsel in the Collins case finished their
argument at about 10:30 this morning.
Judge Harvey instructed the jury that if
they were satisfied be\ond a reasonable
doubt that Collins had conspired to rob
the train and the killing of Teck was in?
cidental to the carrying out of that pur?
pose they should find the prisoner guilty
of murder in the first degree.
He also instructed them that it mat?
tered not whether Forgey or Collins fired
the fatal shot, both were equally guilty.
The jury came in about noon with a ver?
dict of guilty, and fixed the penalty at
imprisonment for life. Mis apparent'
youth, coupled with tjie fact of hie having
made a clean breast of the whole affair,
probably had some weight with the jury.
The feeling on the street seems to lie
rather one of disappointment,* but the
people are disposed to acquiesce quietly
in what they believe to be the honest
judgment of the jury. Judge Harvey will
pronounce sentence upon the prisoner
Monday naming. Furgey's trial has been
set for Monday*uext; - ? ?
The Jiusimcsh situation
During the Inst week there lias been a
pat rial subsidence of activity in some
branches of trade, owing to the approach
of the holidays. There lias been no half
in the manufacturing trades, however,
most of which are well supplied with or?
ders; and this condition of affairs in the
textile industry has led to larger purchas?
es of raw material. But distributors who
are getting ready for their annurl inven?
tories have been operating more conserva?
tively, as they usually do at this period.
Further gold exports and the higher rates
for money irjirft-"had a depressing effect
upon speculation ow f.qe *f*njk exchanges.
The cotton speculation has continued
active, and there has been an improved
demand from spinners. Notwithstanding
the uncertanty as to the late of an Anti
Option bill, the transaction in futures
have been large, and prices are thirty
points higher than they were a week ago,
while actual cotton is one egihthof a cent
higher. The movement from the planta?
tions continues moderate; and up to the
close of last week the amount of the crop
that had come into sight was 1,402,00t)
bales less than tiiat marketed during Hi"
corresponding season last year. Cotton
goods ha,ve continued in good requst, but
the rustling business has been smaller,
owing to the inability of mill agents to
accept, the orders tendered. All lines of
staple goods are so heavily sold ahead
that manufactures are in many cases re?
luctant to add to their engagements. Wool
has been in belter demand. The active
consumption has depleted mill supplies,
and some manufacturers who had been
holding aloof for several weeks have again
been in the market Prices of wool are in
some instances a shad, firmer, and a con?
fident fading prevails among holders, ow?
ing to reduce stocks, the assured heavy
requirements of domestic mills and the
strengthening situation in the wool and
woolen goods trade abroad. There has
bcen'increased hcsilancv in all branehes of
the iron trade, but no change in prices.
According to Ihc/rott ?ffe the statistical
position is stronger, for while product ion
increased in November at the rate of
about "2:2,000 tons per month, there was a
reduction in the accumulated-stocks ol
about 04,1.100 tons.
A dropoff to "i'.j cents per bushel in
the prices of wheat represents I lie com?
bined bearish effect of the unpreccdenl
accumulation of wearhouse stocks, the
tiglitcpipg of the loan market ami an in?
different foreign demand. The crop yield
of wheat ha-spSeen computed at 500,000,000
bushels, or 1112,000,000 bushels less than
tha 1 of last year, if this estimate can lo
relied upon the mere shifting of supplies
from the farms to storage centers would
make no difference*, but the continued in?
crease of about 3,000,000 bushels a week
in visible stocks disturbs confidence in
the crop estimates, and encourages Hi<
belief that farmers luve more wheat yet
to sell than anyone had supposed. Al
though prices have declined this week Oil
all deliveries, the pressure to sell has been
chiefly speculative, and the offerings of
actual wheat in leading markets have
been comparatively moderate. This
shows t..at a very large percentage of the
big stocks is* being carried against sales
of futures'. In view of the complaints of
dullness in the foreign demand and the
continued depression in transatlantic
freight rales, it is somewhat remarkable
t ii.it actual exports of wheat and flour so
far as this season should have reached an
aggregate approaching so closely to the
enormous shipments of last season.
In five months of.the crop year covered
by official dafa now available the exports,
including flour, have been about 00,000,
000 bushels, as against 100,000,000 bushels
last year. This ratio, if maintained, would
make the year's export equal 210,000,000
bushels, or only" 0,000,000 bushels less
than those of 1801-0*2; bill the rate of ship?
ment in the last five months is not likely
to be maintained. .Much of this business
bus been in completion of contracts made
several months in advance, and the testi?
mony of exporters is now to the effect
that comparatively few old engagements
remain unfulfilled, and that even at rul?
ing low prices only occasionl cargoes arc
being sold for future clearance. Com
values have been well maintained, owing
to moderate interior receipts, but there
has been no activity in speculation, and
the export trade in this cereal has con-j
tinned very quiet. Values of provisions
have advanced, as a result of Chicago
manipulation encouraged by the reduced
marketing of hogs. Prices are higher by
50 cents per barrel on pork and 32J* cents
per 100 pounds on lard. According to (he
Cincinnati Price Current. Western pack?
ing operations since November 7th have
consumed 1,020,000 hogs, as against
3,250,000 last season?a decrease of
1,3:10,000 head.?Philadelphia Record.
Tho White House Was Hejjuii Over One
Hundred Ye:?rs Ago.
The corner stone of the white house
was laid oil October 13. 1702, a little less
than three hundned years after the dis
eoveay of of America by Columbus. The
commissioners had on the previous March
10 advertised for plans for a president's
house, and on July 10 they held a meeting
in Georgetown and examined the plans
that had been summittcd. As it is part
of local history now they accepted plan of
James Hoban, a Dublin architect, who
had made designs for the house, framed, it
is said, on the niudle of the mansion of
the duke of Leisnster, at Dublin, the pal?
ace of royalty in Ireland. The stone, says
the St. Louis Globe-Democrat, was in
pi^rt quarried at Aquia creek and brought
to h new warf, built for the purpose, near
the foot of the Sventeenth street, but ob?
stinate David Burns, as Washington called
him, refused to allow the wogons to pass
over bis ground in carrying the stone to
(he site of the white house. Ho aliased
Mr. Hoh.m roundly, and if the city hail
had been built and the present legal
fashions then prevailed be would have got
out an injunction: but it is doubtful il
there was then a judge nearer than Up?
per Marlboro or Annapolis, so, despite
Burns'opposition, the stone was carted
through his place and the white house
rose. No memorial of the ceriuiouial of
laying the corner stone has been dicover
ed. H is certain that the Virginia free
masons, who had in 171)1 laid one corner
stone] in the District of Columbia, and
who in 1703 assisted in laying the corner
stone of the eapitol, did not participate
in laying the corner stone of the white
house. It was probably by Maryland
masons. The building begun1' to rise,
however, and in eight years was ready for
occupancy. The donations of Maryland,
$7-2,000, and of Virginia, $120,000, assist?
ed to pay for it, and in April. 1HI0, four
mouths alter Washington's death, con?
gress appropriated $ 13,000 to pay for its
furniture. Thenceforward it became I he
chief mansion in the nation.
? ? ?
Not es.
(odd shipments from Xcw York last
week aggregated $4.7.10,000.
Mr. Mason, Commissioner of Internal
Revenue, says that the passage of Repre?
sentative Scot t's bill increasing the tax
on distilled spirits to $1.2.) a gallon
would increase t no revenues of t he Govern?
ment to the^extent of $35,000,000 a rear.
The State of Oregon has thirty-six
nurseries, covering 1,57) acre--, and con?
taining about 11,000,000 young trees, and
orchardists have upward of ibii.ODO acres
of growing trees. One-half of this acre?
age is in prunes, one-fourth in apples, and
the remainder in various kinds of fruits
?Philadelphia Ledger.
United States Treasurer Nuheker, in a
report to Secretary Foster, slates that the
present methods of keeping account of the
issue and redemption of paper money are
imperfect and unsatisfactory. There be?
ing no record of the redemptions beyond
a simple entry of date, denomination and
amount, Cue safeguards against error arc
insufficient. While some improvement
might, perhaps, be made iu the details of
the present method, il is doubtful if any
system short of a complete numerical
registry o| every n le, with the dates ol
issue and redemption, would be entirely
A statement prepared by the clerks re?
spectively to the House and Senate Com?
mittees on Appropriations shows that the
estimates for regular annual and perma?
nent appropriations for I lit* fiscal year
1893-S4 aggregate $5Uf>,8(iI,335, an in
creasc over the estimates for the current
fiscal year of if I 5,0?!),241, a ltd over the
appropriations (exclusive of deficiencies
and miscellaneous) of Jfl7,375,200. The np
propria i ions, howet er, includi il $21,154,218
for rivers and harbors, for which no esti?
mates are made. The total estimated
revenues for aggregate $400,121,305,
including $S5,12I,3(>5 est'mated postal
re ven lies.
It is gratifying to American pride, and
better I han't hat, it is satisfying io Ameri?
can ambition, to hold a place iu the front
rank of civilized nut ions, to hear ilia! the
American armor plate known as the
"Harve\ixod" has "successfu'ly withstood
the test receully made at Ochtaiu Russia,
and is likely to be chosen by that govern?
ment in preference lo the French St.
diamond plate. According to the report
the test was the severest on record, hav?
ing been made with large -'iius propelling
shot at a velocity of 2,300 feel per second,
which is 300 feel greater than the british
have yet ventured on, and 200 greater
than is recommended by our own ordi?
nance men.?Brooklyn Citizen.
The general business situation Hi rough
the country at large, at the ( lose of the
week, hardly looks as flattering as could
be desired. It i.? perfecll\ natural, how?
ever, that trade should slacken up and
business become "lull as mi approach tue
end of the year, in the West trade the
past week has been characterized by
seasonable activity in holiday specialties
and corresponding relaxation in some
other lines. Meanwhile, in 'he South,
general trade is heavier than it was a
month ago, the demand for holiday special?
ties being the only feature of interest.
Collections at almost all Southern cities
arc very satisfactory, and the outlook for
spring trade is good.? Boston Adverttxer.
There i.- uo city in I he world that keeps
such accurate records ol the carry of food
and fuel supplies within its borders as
Paris. This is due lo the fact that a.high
import duty is levied on almost every
article of domestic use which is brought
to this city. During IbDI the total amount
of coal consumed iu Paris w as 3,270,000
gross tons, of which 1,512,000 gross Ions
were brought to the city by river and
canal; 1,707,000 gross tons were of French
origin, 047,700 gross tons came from Bel?
gium, 41S,500 from England, and 129,000
from Germany. The small amount of
charcoal used as fuel iu Paris will bring
the total consumption of fuel to three and
one-half million gross tons. The yearly
consumption of coal in London.Js twelve
million tons.?Engineering and Mining
Gold-deaded Cane Presented to th? Presi?
dent-Elect by a Church Commit too.
>'kw Yokk, Dee. ri4.?Kev. Father Kes?
sel, of I he Church of the Holy Redeemer,
Slate Senator George F. Rosche and
Henry W. Wolf waited upon President?
elect Cleveland at his resilience, 12 West
Fifty-first street, at 10 a. in. today, and,
without formality, presented him with a
beautiful gold-he.tuVd cane, which had
been voted to him as the most popular
Presidential candidate at a fair held by
Father KesSel'B congregation some time
previous to the election.
President Cleveland responded grace?
fully, and after an exchange of''Merry
Christ mas*' the Presiueut-elect entered
his carriage and drove to his office iu Hie
Mills building.
Death of One of the Parties Coneemod
In a Groat Consptrwey.
Washington. Dec. 21 ?Otie of lite wit?
nesses in the Surratt trial, an ex-police
j man named Loyd, has just died in this
city at the age of C8. He was a Virgnian
by birth and about Dec. 1. 1S64, he rented
the old Surratt tavern, at Surraltsville
Md., and when the assassination of Lin
coin occurred in the following spring wi
the landlord of the hostelry. Mrs. Surra
was a frequent vistor to the estute, as a
so were Herold, Atzerodt and others ol
the Lincoln assassination conspiracy
Here it was that the rifles, ammunition
and rations were kept ready for Wilkc
Booth when he made his escape across the
eastern branch after tiring that fatal shot
in Ford's opera house. Booth went di
rectly to Surraltsville and then down the
river to Leonardtown, where he crossed
the Potomac to the Virginia side. He
was traced trough Surraltsville, and
knowing that he stopped at the old tavern
a guard of soldiers was placed about the
house and Lloyd was practically kept ;
prisoner of war for some days. A ft <
booth was shot and Mrs. Surralt, Herold
ai.d others arrested, Lloyd was brought to
(his city and confined in the old capitol
prison as a witness, and was the princi?
pal witness against Mrs. Surratt in.the
ensati' iial trial which followed.
Anot her One?The l*o-t Mail St ruek Again.
"4\Vhnt dill vim ti ll me last Christmas, John?
Come, brace up yourself and think;
Yiui took a hthle <>:>r 11 ntui swore
You'd ne'er take tuiothsr ?iiiiik?
Von cursed the Stull', au.I e'en yourself,
A ml said forever more,
Yoa'd show me with what manhood you
CotiUI pas> thehar-room door."
?'Sn now yon rome honte drunk again?
A taillier Christmas spree;
It's fm?to you while you are drunk
Ulli mighty hard mi me.
Why don't yon mill tin- nasty stuff?
llrtlCi; n,i and Ik* aamaa ;
Mnk.ir home uh once it was,
Duly try,you,II Hint you can. *
??Shiiy, Mary, (hie) 'ozo badly fooled,
l in, (hicj zohcr-zn Judge,
I /i d I'd never Drink (hit ) no more,
Ami from that, pledge 1*11 blndge;
I Ktueati ter-xny III never hludgu
Fluni rx uuth I look hefore,
7,'n watch me now II it id /i/. time on
('??> by ze bar-room door."
?'You're drunk right uo\v, you know yuii arc,
You must think I'm a find,
Tn hear you talk thai silly >tnfT
Like a dunce upon a sto?l.
I smell your breath, that bottle, too,
You're trying now to hide;
You'd j11?l as writ nun up and say
That you havo simply lied."
"1 /.?'<] I'd in-7.iT OdcJ drink ugnin,
I'll nczer lake 'er hack ;
Now /mi x'w wazli shun- .Mnzry Ann;
Ciz wazh shine walk /.at crack.
'Smultcr vvizze 'fernal thing!
Zn Hoor zomeliow ain't level, .: ? ; - ??
Conr.sc uozmaii (hie) can walk ti crack
Zat's crooked as /? devil.''
A l?g Novelty lor the World's Fair.,
iM.riioir, Mich., Dec. 22.?The Detroit
bridge and fron Works secured the con?
tract to build one of the biggest novelties
to he seen at the World's Fair. Chicago
and Pittsburg capitalists will pay them
: $.'{00,000 to construct what will be known
as tin' Ferris wheel. The si/.e of the
wheel is tremendous. It is to be con
structcd of iron, 250 feet in diameter. It
is to revolve on a shaft resting on two
towers, each of which are to be over 125
feet high. The circumference of the
w heel is to he a series of carriages ar?
ranged for I he accommodation of passen?
gers. When the wheel revolves the pas?
senger is gradually raised from the ground
io a height of 2?0 in the air. The wheel
will be turned by electricity. There will
be Seating capacity for 2,150 persons.
Representative Owen Scott's rending
Wasiuxoto.v, Dec. 19.?Representative
Owen Scott, of Illinois, is collecting facts
and figures ami will immediately, after
Thursdav, request the ways and means
committee to record him a hearing on lfis
bill i net-easing the internal revenue tax
on whiskey. Thus far, the committee,ji'as
given no indication of its at I itudc towards
this measure, but it has attracted so
much attention throughout the country
that Mr. Set 11 expects considerable co?
operation in pressing it upon the atten?
tion of all those desiring a speedy means
of increasing the federal rcvequs.
The bill increases the lax on distilled
spirits from !)0 cents to $1.25 per gallon.
In regard to his bill Mr. Scott says that
the evident desire ol the country is to lax
luxuries and so far as possible let neces?
saries go free. The present tax on whis?
key produces about $9!),000,0W annually.
The increase as proposed fii this bill will
give almost 40 per cent, more revenues,
or a total of about $125,000,000 from dis?
tilled spirits alone. This will partially
supply the loss of revenues by regular
schdnle of the McKinley bill.
- *
The Gay Frenchmen Flay with Their Lit?
tle FistolH Again.?Nobody Hurt,
a> i'xual.
Paims Dec. 2*1.?The duel between Clem
enceau und De Kouled took place as ar?
ranged. Neither man was injured. Gen?
eral Felix 11. Saussier, the military gov?
ernor of Paris and vetron of service in the
Crimea, Italy, Mexico and Africa, bad re?
fused to act as arbilator. The idea of ar?
bitration was ridiculed as an evidence of
cowardice on the part of M. De Routed,
who sugested it. M. I)e Saludes was appeal?
ed to, and he at once proceeded to bring
things to a climax. He decided that
M. Du lioulede nud M. Clemenceau should
It.iV i? i opportunity to take sis shots at
each other, and that the combatants
should be placetl 25 paces opart, with the
privilege of udranciug three steps during
the tiring.
The fight took place in the paddock oi
the St. Oucn race course. At the word
"fire" both pistols were discharged almost
simultaneously. The bullets flew wide of
the mark. Again tbo combatants elevat?
ed their weapons and fired. This time it
was evident that the shots had gone high.
Neither was hurt. M. Clemenceau coolly
raised his weapon again. A friend rushed
forward and expressed a hGpe that the
combatants would consider their honor
satisfied and eeas<' the murdcrouslencount
er. Both declared that they must have
another shot, and the solicitous friend re?
tired. Again the pistols were raised and
two puff's .of smoke told t bat two bullets
had started on their deadly mission. So
harm was done. The two seconds then
ran up and insisted that the duel must
terminate, that both had behaved iu a
most heroic manner, and that any outrage
upon honor had been fully vindicated.
M. Clcmanceau and Do Rouledc consent?
ed to accept the decision, a::d the combat
came to a close.
The parting between Do Rouledc and
his friends on the star! for the dueling
ground, was very affectionate, lie em?
braced and hissed t!u m repeatedly, aud
assured them that he would die iu a man?
ner worthy of the Lcgjon of Hon ?r. When
Due of his friends expressed :t hope that
the encounter would not have a fatal
ending, De Rouledc shook Iiis head
mournfully. He fully expected, he declar?
ed, to lose his life.
Meanwhile M. Olemeneeau, who t.i said
:o have spent the morning with Mine,
ficichemherg, likewise prepared to go to
:he scene of moral combat, lie gave di
?ections about the issue of La Justice, aud
eft orders as to Hie management of the
Kipor in the event of an\ fatality occur*
ring to Ititn. The staff crowded around
heir chief, and he kissed and embraced
hem each iu turn. Some of them shed
oars and begged him n->t to expose him
soIf to more danger than was necessary.
\I. Clemcticcan gently rebuked them and
?ttid: "I have stood on the field of honor
oo often to have any apprehension now."
lie said ho preferred death* to dishonor,
mil snoko iu a tone ui resolution that
jvoked the admiration <d" his assistants.
Increasing Kvidenc? of Coming Prosperity
for ttie Year 1893.
The following special, from Big Slouc
.lap, is taken from the Lynchburg Ad
?nun' ot the 27th inst :
Bin Stono Gap, Va., Doc 24.?Wc find
!K! approaching with more favorable pros?
pects to greet us, aud trust it will be a
fear of increasing prosperity, not only to
is, but to all the children of the "Old
We have commenced the development
if our coal, and soon there will be com?
ing out of our ?00 coke ovens the finest
ioke ever produced in this country. The
big Stone Gap Colliery Company will com?
mence the shipment of coal by February
ind coke by April I. The capacity of the
mines is I ,al)0 tons per day. The Appa?
lachian Steel and 1 ron Company are over?
run with order.- for their superior pig,and
ire arranging in a tiers 1" start up their
second stack. The Crate and Foundry
Company have orders for several months
Politics are getting a little warmer,and
ive have placed in nomination the true
Virginia type of a Democratic gentleman,
General R. A. Avers, as our first, second
ind last choice for Govcrifor of Virginia.
Virginia Minerals.
Colonel Thomas Whitchcad, commis
dotier of agricult ure, has completed ar?
rangements with th1 Agricultural and
Mechanical college of Blackshurg, for
issaying mineral for t c owneisof lands
u the slate, as provided \n a law passed
IV the last legislature.
This arrangement will prove of great
issistance in developing the mineral rc
toiiice.? of the stale, and it was about the
inly recommendation of value out of a
lumber presented by the board of agri?
culture which was adoptci 1 by the law
nakers. The act reads as follows :
"Be it enacted by the generally assem
)lv of Virginia-; Thai the s ate board of
igricultttre shall be charged with lite as
tayiiig, for the benefit of owni rs thereof,
>f any minerals found in th ? state, and
ihall have autlioiity to make such ar
'iingeineuts with the In.aid or visitors of
he Virginia Agricultural and Mechanical
College at Blackshurg as will ?oeu?e the
nosl economical | erformance of this
"This act shall lie in force from its
passage."?Radf?rd Adinur.'.
:\u Imiiortant Election to be lit lei Ju the
old Dominion Net Year.
Iu DIM the j eo.ple of Virginia elect a
governor, a lieutenant governor, an attor?
ney general, one-half of the membership
of the State Semite, and a new House of
Delegales. Aud the general assembly in
turn elects a number of State officers aud
a Senator in the United States Congress
to succeed Senator Hunton, who is now
filling o*t by gubernatorial appointment
the uncxpired term of Mr. Darbour, de?
ceased. The general assembly also elects
a full bench of judges for the supreme
court of appeals to serve for twelve years,
beginning on the 1st day erf .January. 1895.
So far the only name for the gubernato?
rial office formally presented to the pub?
lic is that of Attorney General Rufus A.
Ayers. Very recently, a mass-meeting
held iu Wise county passed resolutions
commending him to the favor of the peo- ,
pie. The names of Congressman Cliarle'i
T. O'Fersall, Lieutenant Governor J, H?ge
Tyler, and K. C. Kent, Esq., of Wytbo. a
Cleveland cleetor-at-!arge, are also pronii
uentiy mentioned iu the same connection,
alid as the time of holding the nomina
ing convention is a long way off, it is not
unreasonable to suppose that other names,
may be presented before them.
Govenor Buchanan Has No Christmas Gilt
For Poston'a Slayer.
N.vsimLLK, Deo. 24.?It seems that H.
Clay Kinn, ?h*> mualerer of David SL Po*?
tow, is not lo be paruon^j after ?II. 1?
speaking of he fact that a number of
titions will be signed tomorrow, Gj
Norman, who i* Governor Bij
moulh-pleee, declared that
would not be pardoned.

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