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The Big Stone Gap post. [volume] (Big Stone Gap, Wise County, Va.) 1892-1928, April 13, 1893, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn88061179/1893-04-13/ed-1/seq-1/

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NO. 19.
a u pf:IL>EMoRE'
jonesville, Virginia.
, . u !?? iNKicvunir,
4 T , S- J.HI -H\ III?, V?.
;l! nil tlllM*?.
f>;.: Stone Cap. Va?
BULL 11 ' <k
I ;., sTONK fiAl\ V-A
h a. \v. skeen,
? Stone Cap, Virginia.
r. t. irvine.
Bi? St me Gap,
Bier Stone C ip, Virginia.
Big Stone Gap, Virginia.
V-V , j, . ... s ... . M.Kim r?s, Wim- r.ll.V.-i.
ii ('unliti*'s, nml
i?, n* \ \ - i|-?tii WS. .HIS. Pi M WXOK,
?in... \ . i: ?? ij. IH'jrStiMH*Cup.
(UNCAN, M ? T i I E WS & m aynor,
in., \, i 1 Ituililititf, Worn! Arvmic,
Bill Stone Gap, Virginia.
In i |? ?' ti il Ulli I'' illllll UlMllilMIK'C.
W. j. horsley,
Bi i St me Gap, Virginia,
Whitesburg, Ky.
iliti . ? ?? 1 ?'.ntul l.:in<l Title*.
H.I>Klt.?Mi%,'.VH'-C II '.v I MII.I.KK, NortOII.
ald; :son & miller,
ipt nttfiiti
ii-:. il t.. ii-. A<
Xiirl.ni. V.i.
M. G. ely,
Turkey Cove. Lee Co., Va,
j, w kelly,
Bi? Stone Cap, Virginia.
IH IN'-poml !':<? in;ii:>. tu Uu.ll?, IJotli
l>.-.\ :iu?l SiHif. l.l-if
c. d. kunkel,
Biu Stone Gap, Virginia,
i< I" [lw ;.(ilcol lliecit}'
: i::it\.
N. H. REEVE, M. d.
[Wee: Main Si Bristol, Term,
dr. j. C. pruner,
fflce. Room No. 9, Contra! Hotel.'
mi, r
ftiip tlu< .;?! Monday In each
-' tils K< ! '. uvs -liuillil lll;lk?>
? ? ; - ? ? ? ? ,;ui^ .i;iv>? durinj!
Bi8 Stone Gap, Virginia.
CJt.v ami Litm] Wo
n Specialty
ffl^o Next to Post Office.
I ii. S'litNK (i.V.*, VA.
B'tf Stone Gap, Va.
1 " ?' IN \ TlfoltOCOll AND
? ? ?
I). C. Si.oak, a loading merchant
of Clinchport, was in town Sunday.
The colored baptising at East
Fifth street bridge was the means of
bringing out a large crowd of curious
spectators last Sunday.
Hose. Geo. A. Smith, of Roger?-;
ville, Tonn., in company with Mr. A.
J. Stcinman, editor of the Lancaster
(Pa.) Iut(digeiicer, was registered at
the Central Friday.
Jo. A. Pickei;, well-known to the
peoplo of southwest Virginia, was in
town Saturday. Jo. is representing
one of Richmond's largest wholesale
boot and shoe houses, and reports a
good trade.
Mr. G. W. R01.ikobh, representing
the Southern Brass fftid Iron Co.,
Knoxville, Tenu., was in town last
Thursday, fie had visite 1 all the
principal towns between Middbvsbor
omrh and Roanokcand reported trade
RIoriON of ?*T?4chlM|5 t!??"> Young
Written f<?r tli? 1'ityr.
Faster has come and gone; the
Faster bonnets and costumes have
been seen, admired, envied, made fun
j of. criticised generally, according to
each one's "bent," and society is
again in a whirl. All but the teach?
er, that is; she's in a whirl also, hut
it is of a different turn. This is the
time of year when teachers begin to
vow that "they will never teach again
as long as life lasts." And I want
to persuade them all to stay in. Why,
teaching is a most inspiring avoca?
tion ! If you don't believe it, just
try it. and if you don't feel inspired to
bestow liekings which shall be "new
every morning and fresh evening,"
then my name's not Polly. And, as
< verybody knows I am Polly, thdt is
proved. Don't give up teaching now,
f'?r altho'you mav want to hunt vio?
lets and anemones by the river-banks
and up the hillsides, think how much
grander work it is to hunt ideas in
the average child's head, and what a
grand discoverer you will be if you
find one there?on any subject per?
taining to school. The average child
has plenty of ideas as to the best way
to fish, the best place to find bait, the
whereabouts of the prettiest arbutus,
the largest violets and the finest tea
berries, ami mould make, a most
pleasant companion for a ramble, but
his companionship along "the orbit
of the sun" in a geography class is
not very desirable, still, don't give
up teaching, for the children are
learning so much. While you are
working yourself into an enthusiastic
glow over some lesson, Jim Jinkins
is counting his crickets be caught
this morning and has kept wrapped
up in his handkerchief, all ready to
rush to the river as soon as you dis?
miss, and his learning exactly how to
time y<?u, so as to catch your eye when
Von turn it on him. and to look know
ling. And if, having described some
African product, von wish to bring in
I current history, Stanley, etc., and to
{give an idea how richly Stanley de?
serves his honor, you ask Jim, who
looks so pleased, what he can say of
the interior of Africa, he'll say in?
stantly, " It's dark and still." Don't
he discouraged and resign ; he's
thinking of the spot where he'll fish,
ami lie's learned how to fool you.
Next year you will have learned not
to question him when he looks so in?
terested; so there's one great advant?
age of not resigning?you and your
scholars Jcarn each other so well
Then, there's lots of fun teach jng
I wouldn't cjult for anything. It's
such a pleasure to see the look of
happy astonishment when the chil?
dren hear a new fact. For instance,
after an afternoon devoted to compo?
sitions on lien Franklin, Morton
said, "Please, Miss De Relhor, tell us
what you want us to know about him
for." "?ccauee of the energy he
possessed, of his indomitable courage
and perseverance \x\ overcoming every
obstacle in the way of his learning.
I want you to be like him." "Now
please tell us what you mean by that."
"Simply that he had UwJcbOae ami
grit, as you boys would say." And
I can see sjjjjl, |tjs uuo.n .ey.ed tyomtyr.
when he said, ''U, Miss Do Relhor! I
never heard that before.. I always
knew everybody hfld *? backbone, but
1 never soon any body have a grit
beforo. Have 1 got ono V*
I thought, '?yes ; not only a grit,
but a huge rock where your brains
should be," but I didn't say it ; I
laughed most heartily and am glad
he taught me not to Use two long
words together in school. 1 had lots
more fun out of him afterwards, for I
didn't resign. Don't you cither.
Some of the Natural Advantages
Possessed by Big Stone Gap,
Which Will Helpto Make Her the
Manufacturing Center of the
Following aro five anlyscs of the
coking coal of J>ig Stone Gap:
Ptx?lcartM?U.67.10 64 64 C0.54 MUM 62.20
Volatile cnttiliiHtlblr 29-36 32.10 33.50 31.26 32.2?
Ash. 1.64 1.66 2.40 3.40 3.00
Sulphur.o.?lo 0.711 0.412 OJ390 0.547
And thin of tin; average samples of the
same vein by Mr. Andrew S. McCrcatli
chemist ??l fhe Pennsylvania Geogtcal
Ki.\,-.t carlNHi.?1.501
Volatile romhu*lihle.35.020
Ash. 1.515
Sulphur. 0.504
The coke maile from this coal is a great
huoccsm as is shown l?y Mr. McCreath's
Ma. K. Ii. Lkihkxuimo,
Prest. Tin' Virginia Coal k Iron Co..
J!ig Si one Clap.
Deak So::
The sample of coke received from Mr.
J. K. Taggarl yesterday, yields on analy?
sis the following insults:
Volatile matter.5G4
Fixed calMiti .04.04
Aull. 4.74
Color of Auli, brown.
Tlii* represent* a rnkr of zrral purity: low in both
Htilpbur and ash and high in fixed carbon; chemical}
it ia fully an good an the very l>c*t Pocahontm, coke,
mid it should rank hiyh us a inctalltiripil fuel.
Youth truly, A.vnxxw S. McCmkatii.
Mr. MeCrealh might have said more,
and doubtless would have done so hut for
hi* identification with Pennsylvania in?
terests. Hut lie gives the tacts and I he
intelligent reader may draw his own con?
clusions. The following comparative ta?
ble wi I show the superiority of the coke
produced here over lliat produced cither
at Conuellaiville or Pocalionlas.
Fix.m| Sul
Avhhauk or Carbon. Ash phur.
7 samples Itii; Stone Clap cokr.uiude
In open rirk miii by Imrrel tem.IKI.2S !>M 0.7-11?
3 i?m tuple* CouiinIsvJIIc, 1'?., coke,
oven t?sit..SS.P6 ?.;4 0.S10
4 sampler. Chaltaii<M,ga,1'enn.,coke,
OTCM tfnt.80.51 1.634 1.505
4 Hampln llirininghaui, Ala ,coke,
or?n n><?t.X7.20 10.51 1.105
3 Hamide* Pocahouta>', Va., coke,
ureli te?l.$12.55 5.74 0.507
Sxample* N.mv River, W. Va.,coke,
oven test.?.SI2.:jS 7.21 0.552
1 sample I'.iic Stoni? (Jap coke, oven
tf .t, analysis made by A. S.
McCrealh.ScoU HWi.1)4.04 4.74 r>88
This eoke besides having been analyzed,
has been thoroughly tested as to strength
and porosity, und is pronounced by capa?
ble experts to be nearer a perfect eoke
than any vet made.
When it is considered thai thi> immense
semu of cy.il is from seven to thirteen feet
in thickness: thai il extend* over an ure:i
of over fitl,(KMl acres; that it is located up
above the level of the valcys; that it can
be drained without the use of machinery;
thai mi much of the expense which must
ho incurred in other localities in the man?
ufacture of coke arc avoided, and that
nmple transportation is now afforded, it
will lie seen what an immense advantage
these fields hare over any yet discovered in
the United Stales or elsewhere.
No. 1 below i.? a splint coal -I feet (hick.
and No. '2 a canucl coal, both bv
Fixed curium. 58.059 48.252
V?:aiih' combustIbic. 37.5S0 43.060'
.Wi. 3.075 0.225
Sulpur. 0.406 0.738
Thcanalrses below are of the follow in?;:
No. I, 2, and '.I a red fossil o'*C t'vo znllCQ
. ? .. i ,- :'? >?V? ,\'A .
from Mig o4one Gap, .No. 1 a limouile or
broiru ore six miles awav:
Metflllc iron .47.650 40.438 40.383 .',2.004
Phuitphoroii*_ o.l!?7 0.015 n.122 0.165
Inaoluablo.20.870 21 .OH 24..V2 11.17
Sulphur. 0.132 0.133 1.08
The following a re t h ree samples of double
Bessemer ores tributary to Big Stone Gap,
and is being used by the Appabician fui
nace, and is found elsew here nnly in AJ
?riers. Africa
O l x ? If.'.,
Hard Ore. Iti.il Ore. Fire Ore.
Silks. 1.27 6.71 14.63
Alumina.t. 0.80 0..S0 8.65 j
Phonpuron*. 0.02 0.03 0.067
Metalicimn. 70.98 61.10 46.28
And this by another chemist of brown
hematite, (dried at deg. F.irenheil)
six miles away:
Alumina., ., ,. 2.03
Phnspnious. o.U3
Metalle Iron.55.02
1.1 me.trace.
Sulphur._ none
Besides these there are also on railroads
running here another brown ore carrying
from 47 to 6(1 per cent of iron, and .10!) of
phosphorus; manguniferous iron ores, and
in all probability large deposits of man?
ganese; n black limonitc with from oO to
?m per cent of iron (well glljUd for Ihe
pueumatio ihuio process); a specular or
red hematite (Bessemer) with ?.r> to (>5 per
ccut of iron, while of the great Cranberry
magnetic ore Prof. Procter, in his repot?
"Extending northeast and ?r'utL^est
throng ty$Mflfty VQHnUcs ?f ^??"tli
paroltpa nre large deposits of the purest
magnetic iron ores known in this country
save in the Lake S^ipcr^or. vp^iop,. Th.ese
orp.at fyo\v\ a number uf' samples averaged
br myself and'officers of the Tenth Census
and others, milyxcd from 43 per cent to 6f>
per cent of iron, and uro, in Mitchell and
Ash counties, North Carolina, are remark?
ably free from phosporus and sulphur,
ltccent developments uton?; a line of thirty
miles in extent prove the excessive nature
of these deposits. The only poipt where
these ores have as vet been reached by a
railway is.at Cranberry mine in Mitchell
county, North Carolina; A few years ago
I the great mass of ore now uncovered at
this "point was hid by a thick covering of
soil and decomposed gneiss, save only a
few anrface pits from which a small forge
was supplied with ore. Within the past
f?'\v years the face of the hill has been un?
covered, revealing an enormous mass of
very pure magnetite to a heigth of300 feet
Above the railway track. The engineer in
charge at the mines assured me that from
diamond-drill tests and the uncovered
mass, he had here piled up above the rail?
way track over 20,000.00? tons of ore to
l>e mined hy simply quarrying in open cut:
and I doubt if an ore of like excellence
can he delivered on cars at less cost else?
where in America. A furnace test was
recently made on Virginia coke and the
: run of mine of Cranberry ore, and i? pig
produced cotaining .03 per cent of phos?
phorus; and from practical furnace tests
and the analyses of ore from many open?
ings, it is demonstrated that the entire
dishici contains in abundance an ore
suited to the manufacture of Bessemer
steel. This ore is nearer to coke (at Big
Stone Gap) than is any other Bessemer
steed ore known to me in America. From
the Bcssmer ores of the lake legion, Ihr
source of nearly all the steel now made in
this country, to ihc nearest coke is about
MIO miles: from the Bessemer ores of west
North Carolina to the coke at Big Stone
Gap it is 1(1(1 miles, and between these two
extremes are to be had the various ores
above described. Beyond the Blue Ridge,
in I he Carolinas, are large deposits ol
high-grade ores. A very great develop?
ment in lite manufacture of iron and steel
will follow up the completion of the roads
connecting the coking coals and ores, in
the. region under discussion.
"A Scoth iron manufacturer of large
experience, who spent some mouths in ex?
amining the coals and ores in the district
extending from southeastern Kentucky to
Western North Carolina, estimates the
oust of making a ton of pig iron at Big
Stone Gap at $7.?(i; ami thinks that Bes?
semer steel can be made at the same place
at as low cost ns in England. This esti?
mate agrees with estimates made by prac?
tical iron and steel manufacturers from
Pennsylvania who have made large in?
vestments at Big Stone Gap for the pur?
pose of development.
?'Furnaces and Steel plants at Big Stone
Gap will have, in addition to the local sup?
ply of of coke, coar, and pure limestone,
tint advantage ot a location on competing
lines of railway, and the advantage ol a
location on a greet system that can deliver
the products direct to all of the great mar?
kets in the Ohio and Mississippi Valleys.
The ores from East Tennessee, Southwest
Virginia,and the Carolinas can be ship?
ped with advantage to these furnaces, as
it is carrying the ores in the direction of
the markets, and these ores will give re?
turn freight for the cars of coal and coke
shipped from Big Stone (lap to those
The Virginia Coal & Iron Company
agrees to furnish coke at the following
Fnrnnce. Foundry.
At the ovens nt I'.igStone Gnp,. .f2.00 $2.30
It is likely these prices will he reduced
under competition, but take them as they
are and compare I hem with the prices at
(*??5<t of coke nl Contiellsvclle December 1S!K):
Furnace poke $2.1"> per ton. Foundry coke ?2.4.*>
Freight rules from Council*- Cost ni these point*
ville to Furnace. Foundry
Pittsburgh.$0.70 ?2.S5 *3.1.r>
Mnhoniiig Valley, 0.. 1.35 3.50 3.80
Cleveland,. 1.70 3.85 4.18 j
Detroit,.'3.35 4.5? 4.80
Cincinnati,. 2.o.r> 4.80 5.10
Louisville,. 3.20 5.90 5.65 I
Chicng.2.15 4.45 5.20
St.lsiuls,.M..'C> 5.50 .1.80
haltim?re. 2.17 4.32 4.G2
Boston,. 4.00 6,15 6.44
I Total shipments from Comiellsville for week ending I
Xuvetnher 22, 18510, <>.!>77 earn, distributed ns follows:
To Pittsburgh, 1,500 curs; to tlie West, 4,1(10 r.irs; to
the K?>?, 1,317 rars. ~
Bessemer ore iscostingat I'ittshiirg $7..">(>
per ton, non-Bessemer ore cists at Pitts
burg from $4.00 to $0.00 per ton.
Non-Bessemer ore will cost at Big Stone
Gap from $1 25 to $2.."if? per ton, and (he
j Bessemer ore from $3.00 b> $3..">|| ppr top.
j Liiucstp.u.e Will cosl ur least twice as
inuoh al Pltlsburg as at Big Stone Gap.
Jt is said that 700 t'Mts of Pocahontas
coke passes west through Bristol daily for
furnaces in the Alabama and Chattanooga
districts. This coke will cost from $3.7.") to
$4..">0 per ton at those furnaces. ?
These facts show the smaller east of
coke flflil iron ore t?t Hlg 8tone Gap and
I require no comment. Coke can be deliv?
ered at the ovens here much cheaper than
j these figures indicate, and still afford a
large profit to the maker.
Mr. John W. Darby, of Wcxbam, Eng.,
and Mr. F. Monks, of Warrington, Eng.,
j members of the British Iron & Steel In?
stitute, recently visited Big Stone Gap.
; Mr. Darby is a young man, but has already
I reached a prominent nosU^tt fcaiung the
iron and sieel producers of England. Ho
? inherits his aptness for these industries
from ancestors who have been prominent
in them for a century. His grandfather
was the first to make iron from uncoked j
I coul, and his own plant, located nea,rCU?Pa?- I
j tcr, was lirst to ^ftoeessfnlly the basic
t proo.ess for making steel. Mr. Monks is
'one of th&oldest and best known of the
practical iron and coke men of E^^iir}.
! "The ver.V Hll'lfi f l>'au* 1?. 8^c are here.
I did not care to see the manufactories in
operation, for we have thos? at home as
numerous and as nearly perfect as one
could wish to see, although I must say that
I have been greatly surpriseil und pleased
at the great concerns we saw in the North.
Their equipments arc not so complete nor
(heir methods so economical as our? IP
England, byt Ihev are napldly approach?
ing it. What those of us who mean busi?
ness wish to see in America is just what
I Jiave seen to-day at Big Stone Gap; as
fine coke as I have seen in England, with
irou ores only two miles away, anil Lime?
stone between, together wutcr power und
railroads. This is :i combination that is
hound to make you great iu re. I have
never .wen He.fjnnhdelsewhere. Yonrcoke
is the hest I have seen in America. The
brown ores wc inspected to-day are ad?
mirable adapted to the basic process. Of
course your proximity to the magnetic
orers at Cranberry is a great card in your
favor, but you will not need that to make
the possibilities of this point simply incal?
culable We have been over a birg?? por?
tion of the Southern mineral belt, and 1
regard this as flic best point we have seen
for the manufacturcing of* basic steel,
owing to the quality and quantity of your
brown ores and their proximity to this
coke. I have enjoyed my day here greatly,
and hope I can return soon."
Mr. Monk spoke in the same strain, say
ing he had been a practical producer ol
coke and iron for forty years, and I hat he
he had n 'Ver seen better coke; and the
iron ore, both brown and red were fine
lie thought the best card for the future
of Big Stone Gap in the iron industry was
the ad a n tage it had over any other place
he had seen for the product ion of steel by
I he bassic process.
Prof. Procter in his report says of the
timber: "About per cent of the area
included in*the Appalachian coal-field in
Southwest Virginia, West Virginia, and
Southeast Kentucky, is covered with for?
est of valuable hardwoods?oak, vcllow
poplar, hickory, etc. The black Moun?
tains, immediately north of big Stone
Gap, arc heavily timbered from base to
summit with as magnificent forests as I
have ever seen.
Dr. J. <'. Pruxer, <d' Mendota,
was in titwn Thursday. He lias an
enviable reputation for fine and last?
ing \voi;k in dentistry anil lias estab?
lished nn extensive practice. He
visits Big Stone Gap the 3rd Mon?
day in cadi 111011 tli. Arrangements
for dental work should be made with
him mi that day for succeeding days
of the wcok, See his iidvertisomcut
The iitermmit Likely tobe opened .Somi.
Mr. reter Kidd, of Ronuokc, was
in town several days last week, mix?
ing among friends here. He came
for the purpose of arranging for a
lease on 111 *? hitermonf hotel. lit
will very likely complete the arrange
?..out at an earlv ?lav, when the In
termout will again hum with life.
-?... ?
Stockholder's Meeting'.
The annual meeting nf tho stock?
holders of tho Appalachian Hank, of|
Big Stono Gap, Va., for the purpose
of electing ofliecrs for the ensuing
year, and to transact any other busi?
ness that may he brought lie fore them,
will be held at 4 o'clock j>. m., Mon?
day. May 8th, 1803, in the offices of
said bank.
VV. A. McDowell, President.
Stockholder's Meeting.
The annual meeting of the stock?
holders of the Big Stone, Gap and
Powell's Valley Railway Co., for the
purpose of electing officers for the
the ensuing year, and to transact any
oilier business that may be, (pP-ASM
before then}, will I.JO held Monday,
May 4th, 1893, in the office of said
Company, at BigStoncGap, Va.
W. ('. Harrixotox, Sec.
Stockholder*' Meeting.
The annual meeting of the stock?
holders of the, IUg Stone, (jan Elec?
tric Light and Po\\er Co., for the
purport of electing oflicers for the en?
suing year, and to transact any other
business that, may be brought before
them, will be held, Monday, May 4th,
ISO'S, in the offijee of said company,
at Big Stone Gap, Va.,
jms ii, Kelly, See.
Stockholders' Meeting.
The annual meeting of the Stock?
holders of the Central Land Compa?
ny will-be held in the. Directors room
of the Appalachian Bank, Big Stone
Gap, Va., on Tuesday, May the 4th,
1S03, at two (2) o'clock p. m. Offi?
cers for the ensuing year au>! ?U
other general lu^ine.^ of iho compa?
ny I*? transacted.
?Jas. W. Gerow, President,
R. T. Irvine, Secretary.
Stockholders* Meet,<\Ujr?
A speeui,! Mooting of the stock?
holders of the P>ig Stone Gap Build?
ing it Investment Company ishejohy
called to meet Appalachian
Bflitfc, Big Hffoue Gap, Va,, qn Wed?
nesday, May 3rd 1893, at ? o'clock
n, m, The object of this meeting is
to elect officers, supervise the accounts
and condition of the company, and
adopt such measures as may ho
deemed best for the genera} welfare
of the company;
By order of the Board of directors.
R. T. Tuvink, President,
<\ H. BrcititYMAX, Secretarv.
The damage done by the late cy?
clone in the Mississippi Valley i?
reported to be ^,000,000.
How Wilson Becker Earned This
Questionable Titlo.
lie Is Only ? J,.id of Twenty Rut tho Mos*
Expert Knight of tho Road iu the
Country?Story or HI* Trans?
continental Expedition.
Wilson Becker, alias "Sailor Kid," tho
regularly elected king of tho tramps,
lias just completed a trip which gives
him a perpetual claim on the throne of
American vagrancy, says the Baltimore
Herald. In May, the young man, whose
proud boast is that he "never done a
lick o' work 'less 1 had to" in his life,
was rrmdo tho subject of a wager at Bos?
ton. His backer bot a large sum that
i the "Sailor Kid" would travel from the
Hub to San Francisco and return in tho
space of twenty-ono days without spend?
ing a cent for railway fare or food Tho
feat was accomplished, and tho sport
who risked his mortoy on tho tramp pre?
sented him, tho other evening, with
$000 of his winnings.
Becker now offers to venture this sum
? tho most money ho ever had in his
life?on tho proposition that ho can
beat his way around tho world under
tho same conditions as thOoO of his
transcontinental trip, in 102 days.
Meanwhile ho basks in tho homago of
his ragged subjects, who declare that
"der king can't bo downed by any man
wot works der road."
It may bo interesting to note how this
lad, not yet twenty years old, has solved
tho problem of living without labor and
gained the names by which hois known.
Ho was born in Demarara. British
Guiana, and was christened "Wilson
Becker. At tho ago of nine ho ran
away. Working on tho sympathy of
sailors by romantic but untruthful talcs
of woo, ho mado voyages to Calcutta,
nong Kong, Honolulu and England.
After an absence of eighteen months
he reached homo. But the fever of
traveling was in his veins, and ho next
essayed land journeys throughout tho
United States with a success that has
no interruption up to tho prosont timo.
In 1S37 young Becker, who, becauso
of his nautical experience, was known
to the fraternity as "Sailor Kid," at?
tended a big convention of tramps at
tho Nantlcoko (Pa.) coal breaker. It
was decidod by this convention to
chooso a king. The convention do
veloped two candidates of about equal
strength?Patsy Bolivar and "Sailor
Kid." Each was popular and had a
largo following. After several unsatis?
factory ballot3, numerous fights and tho
consumption of oceans of boor, tho
contending factions made a com?
promise. It was agreed that the crown
should grace tho brow of the candidate
who mado tho quickest trip from New
York City to San Francisco and baok,
via New Orleans. Becker won with
hands down.
While en routo ho chanced to learn
that Indians were allowed to rido freo
on trains crossing tho western prairies,
and whilo "Patsy" Bolivar "plugged
along" slowly in freight cars, tho"Sailor j
Kid," with feathers in bis hair, paint on j
his faco and a blanket over his shoul- j
ders, sped westward in the smoker of a j
lightning express. This was but ono of j
tho many schemes ho found available, j
and as a result ho gainod the insignia j
of royalty. }% took twenty-.,i.z days to j
malte the race for tho tbrono, and on
the twenty-eighth his iwsjesty assumed
tme scepter with the ti'-lo of Wilson I., '
and received the submission of his mot
ley gang of subjects.
Organization sovvioa to bo tho keynote
of modern existence, and tho tramps
j are, perhaps, as woll organised as any j
body of peaceable, industrious, sober
artisans. The "Knights of the Roach" j
as they call themselves, hold yearly
conventions and keep, up regular com- .
munlcation with each other by moans of
a sign lauguago unintelligible save to
tho initiated. These signs indicate [
whore to go, what places to avoid and
the route taken by the maker. They
appear cut or chalked on fences, are dis?
played in paint or pencil along tho cir?
cumference of water tanks or round
houses, and disfigure the walls o? coun?
try depots. Door pos.ty. pr gjatoa arc also
utilized for-co^x-cying information about
I dogSj v^and outs" "square moals" and
' the possibility of being compelled to ,
work for a night's lodging.
One custom is common to tho million?
aire and tho tramp. Each is a denizen
of the city during tho ?Vinter and socks ,
theoountry in tho summer. Uut while
tho farmer welcomes the. one. tho other
is an ubjeot of aversion and distrust,
saycv perhaps, In haying or harvest timo,
when, for largo compensation, tho
knight of tho road may bo induced to do ,
a little work. I
It is estimated by King Wilson I. that j
he has 30,000 subjects- throt:g' *at tho
United States, \[o doesn't compriso in
this number tho honest poor, who are
looking for employment, or tho capital?
istic gypsies who own horses and wagons <
and journey from yd ace to place, tinker?
ing broken pots and pans,-making sharp
trades and devastating ben roosts and
melon patchoa, Hi lieges aro thoso
only who, **4on*t hav to work" and who
would flee a woodpilo or a job quicker
than they would a pest house. The over
present nuisance of this great army of
leeches has become so intolerable that
many States carry on their statute books
laws that might; ?oem narsh and unreas?
onable %o, tho theoretic philanthropists,
but which, with all their severity, seom
to avail littlo In checking tho growing
evil of voluntary idleness.
Avrfol and JLawi'ul.
A Windsor Locks (Conn.) littlo girl,
just old .-mough to enter tho infantclas3
at tho Sunday-school, was ambitious to
repeal n, toxi ol Scrip', ere as tho older
ones did at tho Concert ckerci3cs. T?.
humor her ambition and make reasona
bly c'Tiaio that .she would .v.tccoed, tho
mother soi?yV! a'tfia-bvlet toxt: "It is
lawfe.l t' .oguolon the Sni>ba.th tkvy,"
a:. L.UL'ht Itfho V bi-ai'Sed it
so ve r;?11 *. *v>3 oorrof? ily. When tho ?ti
prvmo - ?::?on' ar-'?<?;.!. however, tho
little orato; ?? e* ,;..d, \v ? nod-.em-* and
mortilW ?<?r ??.!??? the rat posi?
tion ; " >i lJ. " ' to ib; [feVyi ? Cn?i
"???to..:.- ;t inV "
Boston is in a state of excitement.
A portion of the concrete basement of
the I'itv Hall lias sunk about ?ltveii
or twenty feet, and it rs aHcevtaftted
that the foundation* of the buildiug
is ouly quicksand.
Mjvn;:;vs v.M) 31 up.
A Short Chapter nit the I)ifTercnc?8 Which
Occur iTetween Them.
That ther^ is a maid for every mis?
tress and a mistress for every maid is
as certain as that for every Jack there
b a Jill.
Even that most homeless of appli?
cants for a position in an American
kitchen, the Ieelandish damsel whose
only accomplishment was "milking
reindeer,*' would he a treasure to a
family who kept milch-goats.
The difficulty is that employers are
always trying to fit wrong people into
wrong places, and will never quietly
consider their own peculiarities.
I shall startle you by saying that the
best servant in the abstract is by no
means always the best for you. For
you must consider, not so much what
she has done in her last place, as what
she will be expected to do in yours.
If your family is drilled like a regi?
ment, so^that all rise, go to meals and
retire with exact regularity, the well
trained English servant is the best for
you. She will serve you seriously, an?
swer your orders with an invariable
"Very well, mam," have yow Sunday
dinner ready for you when you come
home from church all in a row, lock
the front door, extinguish the hall lamp
and banish the family eat at ten pre?
cisely and allow you to have an occa*
sional regular party with ice cream and
salads, and the company all in full
dress. In fact she will rejoice to servo
so exemplary a family, and feel that it
is owing to her influence that you keep
so strictly to the right way.
if, on the contrary, you arc profes?
sional people, with mildly Bohemian
habits and a desire to have some inno?
cent jollity and a sense of good-fellovv
ship, avoid this perfect servant as you
would a fiery dragon.
Her wrath on learning that the vari?
ous members of the household rise
when they please and sit up until two
o'clock when they desire to do so, that
they have impromptu banquets at Ir?
regular hours, that they do as they like
without asking what others do, will be
too great for utterance. Her first dis?
covery of a Flemish jug and mugs to
match in the dining-room of a morning*
will crush her. She will sweep the
cigarette boxes away with anguish in
her soul, and will be seized with symp?
toms which force her to pin a whito
handkerchief about her forehead.
From that moment her shocked ex?
pression will be permanent, and you
will feel as though you had established
somebody else's family ghost on the
premises until you part, very, very
No, this perfect servant will never do
for you. Get a jolly Irishwoman, or a
comfortable, fat, southern black aunty,
who can understand that you keep
house to live and do not live to keep
The matron whose family love to live
well spends half a day at a bureau to
engage at last a mild, milk-and-water
sort of a female, with a small chin and
no mouth to speak of, who in reply to
every affable question utters the same
"I've no choice, ma'am."
Why, Heaven knows, forty years of
experience ought to have taught her
that a woman like that always serves
moats half cooked and barely warm,
steeps her coffee, water-soaks her vege?
tables, sends up her puddings in a
liquid condition and flavorless, is Incap?
able oiT getting up a good fire or giving
? comfortable effect to a room that she
arranges of openiug a door widely to
admit a guest or quite shutting one on
cuy occasion: that while she dominates
the kitchen the household will feel half
Rtarvcd no ' ? holy wretched.
Mean . ensitivo person, with
Bfcrong ' ??i the subject of gravies
and ' . ? ' \ ? 'is as to salads and
sauces, ren engaged by a lady
who he 1 .> ? family on short rations,
principally < bread and smoked beef,
while the timid elderly spinster in
glasses has been so far left to herself
as tc take home with her to her little
Jlat an immense, reddiaircd fury, wftb
blocd-shot eyes and an evident bottle
'.H her pocket, and Mrs. McGillicuddy,
who boasts of quelling commotions ttk
her kitchen by such heroic means as
the throwing of pudding-pans and flat*
irons, captures a meek, cross-eyed
woman, who mentions that she left her
last place because after seeing a ghost
in the cellar she "wouldn't go down for
coals never no more, nor if it was erei
But all these women, having" eyed,
saw not, and blindly selected a servant1
us from a grab-bag" at a fair, when tho>
matter might have been one of sensi?
ble and well-advised choice, and the
contract a tolerably permanent one tn
consequence.?Mary Kyle Dallas, in N?
Y. World._
Bat It VYui Asked of the Wrong; Pcrsoo
That Time.
The little man was lonely and wanted
to make friends and the big man with;
his left arm in a sling- seemed to bo tho
only one in the smoking-room of the
car who seemed to have no one to talk
to. So the little man picked him out.
* "Arm hurt?'' he asked pleasantly.
The biff man took his cigar out of his
mouth, looked at the little man severer
ly, and said:
"See that sling?"
"Why, yes, of course.*4
"Think it's pretty?"
"Well, no. I-*
"Doesn't look like a decoration, doea
MOf eourse not You sec-"
'Tersonallv, you wouldn't wear it for
an ornament, would you?** .
"No, certainly not I-n
"Well, do you suppose I am wearing
it to improve my personal appearance?"
"Not at all I meant to ask what the
matter with 3*our urm was."
"Well, why didn't you say what you
meant It's hurt"
Then the big man settled back in his
seat and put his cigar in his mouth
again; and the next time the little man
tries to strike up an acquaintance bell
be more careful of the language he
uses, and will study the man.?Chicago
?Kill Him Deader.? Little Bonnie?
ii?oh?o! The bee stunj* me. His lib?
Brother?Never mind. I killed the
!nv. Little 1 Jennie -Did you? Boo
1 : Well. Ldl him deader? Urooklyo
? ? ...j X-, ? itM
???<*'? ?
-?ii?> jl-mvm
Efjiiori? ha? 5 MK)? match factories.

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