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"KEEPfNG EVERLASTINGLY AT IT BRINGS SUCCESS."
NO. 23. VOL. I A. L. PRIDEM'ORE, ATTORNEY AT-LAW, JonesvIHe, Virginia. : i ? x KKX<Utfr, . |>|e, V?. JACKSON & &LAN KEN SHIP, ATrORNEYS-AT-LAW, Jonesviilc, Virginia. ;?!! limes. specialty. H a. ayers. - - jos. L. KELLY. LAV.' OFFICES IN AYERS BUILDING, t>: . storsa Gab, Va, BULLI' attoj at-law, GAP, VA ^ ,. r - ? ? i ATTORNEY-AT-LAW, I Big Stone Gap, Virginia. att( >rney-at-law. ' . -. Wood A venu* Bis S'ono Gap. Vin-lnia. VJ LO-RiN M-? U RY, at law Big Sto.-.c Gap, Virginia. WA LTL;.' E. ADDISON. attorney-at-law. Bis Si . Virginia:. CM. Va. LTON, f ?'45 * JIAY.NOK, Jotu I i! dap. |Bn CA.:. m a y N o R, ATTORNEYS AT LAW, Cioca iiitjiiH-o *v. j. I~i O i > v j L. c. Y. ?rrn >rney-at-law, Stone Gap, Virginia, IHH ||| Whifjol-MH-^, Ky. *^al ' I l and Titles V.U. Ali i i:. N'yrton. iLLER, ? !; ivNEYS at law. Prot&pj A4 Va. O T? \T 1? V \ T l i \ \ r ? '-\a,.x, -a ! -law, v Cove, Lee Co., Va. mm Bh ? RGEON, In la. igiit, i:i-tf :-:;eon, ? rgima, Ii oi the city rl- ?EEVE, M. D. -ASES OF WOMEN EXCLUSIVELY. tol, Tenn. J- C. PR UN ER, 1 No. 3, Contra! Hotel. Iny in each auld make daj during T HACK ER, ENGINEER a^t PURVEYOR, tone flan i/? ? . Virginia. * " ? vv a Specialty.. tpOLiyi smith" : ^INEER AND URVEYOR. *0xt to post Office. b,c STO.VK OA.*, VA. ?- HURO. ECT, Dn : Cap, Va. Nations , and estimates l* A fliOMOVOH AXD iilg Sloti?> Ca;? CotnpiMilcfl ittul Corpo? ration*. Bio Stoxk Gap Impsovkvicst Co. Capital stock, $2.500.000. Bonded U?u?*, ?/,ooo,ooo. o!t)r..'r?.?K. A. Ayers, President, J. F. Bullitt, Jr., Vice-president, W C. Harrington, Secretary aud Treasurer, Big Stone Gap; H. C- Ballard Thruston, Trustee, Louisville, Ky. Directors.?R. A. Ayers, J. F. Bullitt, jr., J. K. Taggart, Big Stone Gap; Cbas. T. BalUrd, LouW vllle, Ky.; Jas. W. Fox, Jno. 0? Haakell, New York; B. r. Sc Dowel I, sr., Lexington, Ky.; Wni. McGcorge, jr., Philadelphia; It. B. Whitridge, Bo*t<?n. Executive Committee.?K. A. Ayers. J. K. Taggart, BigStoueGap; Jos. W. Tor., Jno. C- IUskell, New Vnik; n. C. McDowell, sr., Lexington, Ky. Bia Stork Gar axu Powkll's Vallky Railway Co. Capital stock, $?0,000. Ofllccrs.?B. A. Ayers, President, J. K. Tuggart, Vice-Presldent, W. C. Harrington, Secretary end Treasurer, Big Stone Gap. Directors.?R. A. Ayers, II. C. McDowell, jr., J. K. Taggart, Big Stone <;ap; W. P. Clyde, New York; H. C. Wood, Bristol, TetiU. ! Bin Stokk Gap Elkctric Limit AXI) Powkb Cc (Capital stock, ?.*.o,rHiO.) President, It. A. Ayers; Secretary, Jos.. L. Kelly;1 Treasurer, II. II. Bullitt. Directors.?R. A. Ayers, IL K.Bullitt,R.T.Irvine, (Jus. W. Lovcll, H.C. McDowell, Jr. Rio Stoxk ! '< w VYatur Go. (Capital stock $200,000. Bonds issued, $65,000.) Officers.?Prcsinent, J. F. Bullitt, jr.; Rig Stone Gap; Vicc-President, James VV. Fox, New York: Sec? retary and Treasurer, W. A. McDowell; Superintend? ent, J. L. Jennings, Big Stone Gap. Directors.?D. C Anderson, It. A. Ayers,J. F. Bul? litt. jr., Big Stone Gap; J- VV. Gerow, Glasgow; I. P. Kane, Gate City, Va. I'.m stokk Gap Bcitntxa akd Irykstmkxt Co. Capital stock?minimum?$50,000. Capital stock?authorised?$100,000. (So bonded Issue./ Officers.?President, It. T. Irvine; Secretary and Treasurer, W. A. M< Doweli, Big Stone Gup. Directors.?R. A. Vyera, .lohn \V. Fox, jr., John M. Goodloe, B. M. Hardin, R. T. Irvine, W. A. McDow? ell, BigStoueGap; John B.Green, Louisville, Ky. Aep.xiJkciUAS Bank. Capital stock?authorized?$60,000. Capital stock?paid In?$25,000. Officers.?President, VV. A. McDowell; Teller, Jno. B. Payne. ? Directors.?J. F. Bullitt, jr., C. VV. Evaus, J. M. Goodloo, lt. T. Irvine, H. C. McDowell, jr., VY. A. McDowell, J. It I Mills, Rig Stone ltap; E. J. Bird, Irontou, < mio. Daisa lltos am> Minim; Co. (Mines located nt Hagau, Lee Co., Va ) Capital, authorized, $300,000. Capital, paid in, .$15,0!??. Officers.??. S. Pleasants, Presideul, \V. A. Mc? Dowell, Treasurer, Big Stone (lap; Secretary, Walter Graham,Graham, Va., Secretary; H. L. Monteiro, Manager, Hagau, Va. Directors.?Walter Graham, Guillain, Va.; H. L. Monteiro, Hagiiu, Yt.; L. Turner Maury, W. A. Mc Dowel], D. S. Pleasants, Big Stone Gap, V*. \Vis?* County Oillehtl Directory. i ! 'Mit Court llrst Monday in April, Septemlier and December.?It. S. K. Moicui.so:.', Judge, Gate City, Va. County Court lir-t Tuesday after the fourth Monday Ii mouth.?Ji. A. W. Sickkx, Judge, Big Stone Gap, Va. inonwciilth\< Attorney.?R. P. Bucck, Wise C? ii.. Va. ottnty and Circuit Court Clerk.?I. E. Lives, Wise C. IL. Va. S ii rlfl ?Wilson IIoi.hduook, WiSe C. II., Va. i t Hirer.?K. W. K ixwki.l, Wise C. IL, Va. Sii| rintendent ot Schools.?Wa. T. Kknnkuy, Big Stone Gap, Va. Cu inly Surveyor.?S. N. Tavlor, Norton, Vn. Commissioner of Revenue, Eastern District.?G. W. Bkvkju.y, Wise C. U., Va. Commissioner of Revenue, Western District.?D. C. Dba.v, Wise C. IL, Va. OilicialClty Directory. Mayor.?W. T. HuoonxB. t mcilmcn.?C. VV. Evans. JR. k. Common, W. T. Kr.NNf.nv, Joshua Mtn.u.vs, VV. F. Baknk. VV. Vf. Paylou. City Attorney.?W. S. Mathkwb. Commissioner of Revenue.?Gus. VV. Lovkll. City Collector.?J. B. Bt us. Recordei ? S. R. Jkssk. City Engineer.?S. \V:Tiiackkr. Chief of Police.?IIoiiacr Fox. Sergeant.?Gouoon E.Gjllky. a ssistaut Sergeant.?Flkktwooh Jokks. Commit!.n Finance.?C. W. Evans. Chairman ; K. r:. Goo Lok, w. T. Kknskoy. (Ymimittcc on Streets.?W. VV. Tayi.uk, Chairman; VV. ;\ i;,,ki it, Josiica Mollins. Committee on Police and Public Buildings.?W. T. Krn.vkpy, Chairman; VV. VV. Taylou, C. VV. Evans. Committee on Eire, Water, Sewers and Lights.?VV F. Bakkr,Chairman;E. E.Gooim.ok, W.T. Kkxxkry. Sanitary Committee.?VV. T. Kknxkky, Chairman; VV. F. Bakku? Joshua Mui.i.ins, Sehool Trustees.?J- VV. Fox, Chairman; C. W Evans, W. VV, Tayi.OW. (iniiniince Committee.?E. E.Goodlok, Chairman; C. VV. Evans, W.T. Kkxkkuy Park Commission.?J.no. W. Fox, sr., Chairmau W. K. U \nms, W. i-. Kknnkuy. L'i charge "f l'-ijr Slon? (lap Improvement Co,'s Gl unds, River Banks ami Tree".?Jno. W. Fux, sr. (East Fifth Street,) Iii?; ?tox-io Gap, Vb, J. M. GOODLOE, Postmaster. General delivery open, week days only, from 8 a. m. to 8.30p. in. Money Order Department open from K a. m. to (i p. in. Mail for North und East, via. L. A N., closes8.15p.m. 41 " East *k " 11.15a.m. ?' " West '? " ki 5.30 p.m. ,k " South, via. S. A. A 0., " 12.00 m. Express Pouch for Bristol, Tenu., " 8,15a.m. To insure prompt dispatch ?-?( mail matter It should he deposited in post office letter box before the time for closing, as stated above. SUGGESTIONS TO TUB PUBLIC. I From I', s. Official Guide. | 1. ?Address all mail matter legibly aud fully. Givi name "f post office .an?! Stale In full, street and house uumber. If the office boa small one, add the name of the county. 2. ?Put >our name aud address upon upper left haul comer of ?I! matter limited by you. 3. ?On foreigu letters always place the name of county in full. 4. ?Do not use thin envelopes. Stamped envelopes are the best. 5. ?Register all valuable letters, tl.?Send money by Money Order. 7. ?Afllx stamps securely on the Ripper rigln-hund corner. 8. ?Do n*>t tender for postage stamps money so mu? tilated as to be unmir rent, or more than twenty-live cents In copper or nickel coins. 0.?Do not as,k the po>tmaster or clerk to afllx stamps for you. 10. ?Do not ask credit tor postage stamps or money orders. 11. ?Do not tender checks or drafts in payment for money orders, or any money except that which Is le? gal tender, and National bank notes. 12. ?Upon corner of envelopes supplied by hotels, direct what disposal shall be made of letter if un? delivered. The Post Office Department deems it quite import? ant tint nil th" patrons otpost offices should supply themselves with Monthly Postal Guide, it would be to their intcre>r and business advantage, as well as vast!, to tlm interest of the postal service, since it would bring about more accurate knowledge of there* quiremeuts ol that serv ice, would reduce the amount ? >l mail mtitter improperly addressed, poorly wrapped, or insufficiently stumped, ami would largely dituiuiidj the number of letters and packages going to the Doud Letter Office. ? Very respectfully, S. R. Jks&xx, A.ss't P. M. Stockholders' Meeting. An adjourned meetinc of the stock? holders of the Kip; Stone Gap aud Powell's Valley [tailway Company will l>c held at the otliccs of the said Company, in the town of Big Stone Gap, Va., Wednesday, June 7th, 181)3, at which meeting a Board of Directors will lie elected for the ensu? ing year. W. C. Harrington, Sec. Stock tioDleri*' Meetlug. An adjourned meeting of lite Stockhold? ers of the liig Stone Gap Improvement Company will he held at the office of said Company, in Hip; Stone Gap, Va., Wednes? day June 7th, 12 o'clock m., at which meeting a board of directors will lie elect- j ed for the ensuing year. VV. C. Hauki.votox, Secretary. THE WORLD'S GREAT FAIR. Grover Pushed the Button that Set th<* Big Show In Mo? tion In the Presence of 25,000 People. Cleveland's Speech. Cicago, May 8, 1893. Editor Post: Since the pressing of the button on the 1st inst., by Prsident Cleveland, which set to whirling and buzzing the many thousand wheels and different kinds of machinery, enclosed in the Exposition's great magnificent build? ings, Chicago has presented the picture of a world almost within itself. On the first instant a gathering of at least 25,000 people from all quar? ters of the globe witnessed the open? ing ceremonies of the groat fair. It was simply immense, and no eye witness can begin to give more than a mere idea as to its unbounded great? ness. When the President reached tho platform, an orchestra of six hun? dred musicians played a Columbian march composed by Professor John K. Paine. Then the Rev. W. H. Mil bourn, the blind chaplin of the United States Senate, invoked divine blessing. After Miss Gouthoui had read W. A. Croffut's poem, "The Prophecy," Director General Davis steped to tho speaker's stand and gave a short resume of the Exposition from its inception to the opening day. Amid cheers, which lasted for sev? eral minutes, the President then rose to deliver his address. lie said: "I am here to join my i _ * fellow citizens in the congratulation which befits this occasion. Surround? ed by the stupendous results of American enterprise and activity, and in view of magnificent evidences of American skill and intelligence, we stand to-day in tho presence of the oldest nation of the world and ask no allowance on the score of youth. "We, who believe that a popular education and the Stimulation of the best impulses of our citizens lead to realization of our national destiny, gladly^weleotne the opportunity here offered us to see the results of efforts older than hours in the field of man's improvement. "In return we present the advance? ment and wonderful accomplishments of a young nation, and the triumphs of a vigorous, self-reliant and inde? pendent people. "We have built these splendid ed? ifices, and we have also built the magnificent fabric of a poplar gov? ernment. We made, and here gath? ered together, objects of use and beauty, wo have also made men who rule themselves. "It is an cxaulted mission of which we and our guests from other lauds are engaged, as we co-operate in the inauguration of an enterprise devoted to human enlightenment. "Let us hoi4, fast to the meaning that underlies this ceremony. As by a touch the machinery that gives life to this vast Exposition is now set in motion, so at the same instant let our hopes and aspirtions awaken forces which in all times to come shall influence the welfare, the dig? nity and the fredom of mankind." It is unpleasant to chronicle the ? fact that the Fair is still in a very unfinished state. The severely of the past winter, and workmcus' strikes, have consid? erably delayed the completion of the buildings, and it has been imposible as yet to arrange many of the exhib? its. The consant rains have reduced the grounds to a sea of mud, but it is hoped that ere the first of June the Expostion will be completed and in order every way. Two years have wituessed tho pre? liminary preparations?selection of site, survey thereof, planting into lots, boulevards, avenues, streets, walks, lanes, and the creation of the White City, the greatest and most beautiful aggregation of architectural triumph the world has ever known. The site is six hundred and thirty three acres, easily accessible, and bor? dering on Lake Michigan, and is now transformed into a magnificent park. One hundred and fifty buildings, great and small, have been erected, and ranging from.the hunter's log cabin to tho Mammoth Manufacturers' Building, covering thirty and one half acres, a structure in size larger than any roofed buliding ever hefre built since time began. The Exposition altogethr covers more than two hundred acres, ami the nCor space thereof is fifty acres lager ia area. The architecture, dec? orations and adornments of these buildings, the larger one6, twenty in numbor, represent th'e best work of the greatest living artist, and they aro now tho admiration of the world, and are themselves tho evidence, the material evidence, of the wonderful achievements of our modern civiliza? tion. They are the best products of human thought, endeavor and effort. The other one hundred and thirty structures are marvels of architectural beauty and aptitude for the Ubos to which devoted. Tho several States and Territories of the Union, have each singly, or two conjointly, erect? ed their own buildings, and foreign countries have not been in the back? ground in this regard. Eigty-eight of the foreign countries will partici? pate in the Exposition. Heretofore at tho World' Fairs of the past, many of these were not represented, and such as were will far surpass all their previous reprcscntaions at interna? tional exhibitions. It is difficult, al? most impossible, to conceive the ex? tent of peparation for the World's Columbian Exposition. The public-spirited citizens of Chi? cago contributed in the first instance $6,000,000. The city of Chicago issued its bonds for $5,000,000. The Government of the United States gave $2,500,000. And in souvenir coins two million!: and a half more, the sale of which at a premium realized .$5,000,000. An additional sum by the sale of Imposition bonds has been realized of $5,000,000. For their own exhibits I he several States and Territories have made di? rect appropriations aggregating $5, 000,000. ' And foreign countries have voted $7,000,000 Making a grand average of $o5, 500.ooo. And in addition the amount, re? ceived through private sonrcca for Exposition purposes is very great. The Giant City of the West, scarce? ly sixty years old, is the seat and site of a World's Fair such as the old effete cities of Europe never dreamed of. Then the exhibits are estimated to aggregate in value?and it is a con? servative estimate?Five Hundred Millions of Dollars! Here great are the prospects and promises for man? kind in the future! One may not travel beyond the seas to see Eu? ropean civilazation,or Asiatic decline, or African destitution and darknees or Australian youth and vigor. One need not visit Mexico, or Central and South American countries, or the Islands of the sea. Here in Chicago, the cosmopoli? tan city, may be seen the people of the earth, out of every tribe, and family, and nation, and race. I would advise, that all who can, come to Chicago during the six months of the Exposition, Chicago has made preparations not only for tho great Exposition com? mensurate with its importance, but also preparations for the milllions of men and women who may find oppor? tunity, time and leisure to personally visit it. Throughout the whole word science and art have been industirously at work putting forth with great energy every effort to display in the mag? nificent palaces of the White City their best and greates achievements, and who can doubt the successful issue of the great undertaking? The exhibit is one no man should omit to see, and the Americau who neglects the oportunity fails to ap? preciate the growth, and greatness, and grandure of the republic and of the New World, the discovery of which, made by the great admiral, wdiose ships and supplies were the gracious gifts of Ferdinand and Isa? bella of Castile and Aragon, is by this Exposition emphasized in tho celebration of its Quadro-Centennial. Models of the ships in which Colum? bus sailed the seas four hundred years ago will attract the attention of visitors. The Duke of Veregua, the descendant of the discoverer, as the nation's guest, honored the open? ing, and with him came from the cap? ital city of the country, on the Poto? mac, to the city of Chicago, ou the lake, His Excellency, Grover Cleve? land, the President of the United States. The heads of the Depart? ments, the Chief Justice of the Unit? ed States and his associates, the Gen? erals of tho Xavv, the Governors of forty and four StateK of the Union, the Senators and Members, and the 1 silver tongued orators of East and West honored the event by their presouce, and tlie beauty of modest womanhood, from every clime and country, added to the gracious occa? sion. Whatever mankind has achiev? ed in the centuries of the past, in Letters, Science, Art, Architecture; Sculpture, Painting, Mechanism, by brain and handiwork, will here be exhibited, together with the most per? fect and complete results of various processes of art and industries, mak? ing the progress; made and the ad? vancement attained in these last days of the Nineteenth Century. .All A limit Alu in I it mm:. Mr. Keep, of the Michigan Stove Company, of Detroit, has come to the conclusion that it is of but little ben? efit lo use aluminum in cast iron. He is convinced that the hard irons will stand more alumnum than the soft irons, and that aluminum possesses the power to a great extent to change combined carbon into graphite. There would be no object in mak? ing a bridge of alumnium, provided it were as cheap as iron and would work as readily. Aluminum being about one-third as strong as steel and about one-third as heavy, the structure would have the same weight and the three times the bulk. Pure aluminum is too soft ami dif? ficult to work to be of much use. It is used with considerable success in some medical and scientific instru? ments. It is affected by gases and fumes a very little. It seems tobe peculiarly fitted for cooking uten? sils. Among interesting applications of aluminum is the alloying with other metals. Some of these alloys are very valuable, while others are not. The copper aluminum alloys are among the valuable ones. These have been well tested by Prof. Tfirnston, of Cornell University, ami Mr. Keen, of the Qnivcrsty ol Illinois. These al? loys have been the advantage of be? ing strong, but the disadvantage of being expensive when compared with mild steel. The soldering of aluminum is said to be easily and cheaply done by sprinkling the surface to be joined with chloride ol' silver and melting down. Experimenters concluded that alu? minum should not be placed in the hands of an ordinary foundryman, ami that, if used at all, it must be used in a scientific manner. Alumi? num, if mbled to cast iron, should be added during the manufacture of the pig-iron in the blast-furnace. It is generally the opinion that aluminum helps to make sound castings. Ex? perience show this to be so, when small quantities aro used. One rea? son for not using aluminum in the foundry is that it makes the slag very brittle. This slag is apt to break away and get into the mold. Aluminum iron does not unite well when two surfaces conic together in a mold; this is another reason for not using in certain clesses of work. Mr. Keep insists that alumium is not a safe thing to use in tho foun? dry.?Iron Industry Gazette. -. <>? . The Joke Market. The joke market never was livelier, said Rodney Geary to a Globe-Demo? crat man. 1 jerk a joke now and then myself at homo in Philadelphia, and I find ao difficulty in selling the srood ones. Not only the illustrated comic weeklies, but all the* weeklies now buy jukes, and some of the dailies are in the market, too. The New York Herald cheerfully pay, $1 each for little quibs it publishes in its ?'Personal" column 'on the editorial pages. Some jokes sell as low 50 cents; some very small but excellent ones sell at $5. Many men make a business of building jokes and selling them; also suggestions for .comic pictures. They reel of the jokes, etc., put a ,;No.?" in the corner with their address and send them to the funny papers; The late Philip Welch got $3 for each of his jokes, one morning when he was drying from the cancer on his tongue, a frieud sat by his bed and wrote down fifteen jokes which Welch dictated. "That's $-15," said Welch, "and I guess I'll quit yfor the day." The comic papers pay $5, $7 and $10 each for the small pictures they use. An illustration of a champaign bottle with the cork flying out of it and the line "Sure Pop" under it will bring its concoctor $5. The best paid hu? morist in the country is C. D. Lewis, "M. Quad," who some years ago was doing "local" work on the Cleveland Plaindealer, and who to-day receives $300 a week from a New York syndi? cate. Diisconttut. Editor Post: i We believe that a vast amount of the pleasures of tili? life that;might otherwise be enjoye/ is lost by the cultivatioii of the spirit of discon? tentment. Yes, it is "hard timcs^ hard times" and this has been the cry of a largo class of people ever since we can remember and wo have been devouring butter and eggs on this mundane orb for over a haJf a century. We are required to "give thanks in all things," but how can we be thankful for that which wc do not enjoy? and how can we enjoy anything that we do not appreciate? But amid all the prosperity and abun? dance with which God has blessed the efforts of this people they never cease to murmur. Hard times taken upon an average is nothing but a mere fancy which gets all its sem? blance of reality from the incessant complaints of a class of insatiable, avaricious and chronic grunmblcrs who never get enough for what they sell and always pay too much for what they buy, and who manifest ;i greed for gain that reaches over to cov ctoiisncss "which isidoletry." This habit of grumbling naturally arises from an indulgence in and the cul? tivation uf a principle in human na? ture that cannot be satisfied with the things of time and sense, which prin? ciple we are required to hold in by adherenco to the rules of morality and religion. "As ye would that men should do unto you, do ye even so to them." "Look not upon your own but the things of others." "(Jhar ily seeketh not her own." "Provide thing honestly- in the sight of all men and be content with such things as ye have, for contentment is great gain." This is all of earth that can properly bo called riches at last, for one may possess countless mil? lions of gold and without content? ment he is miserable. Wealth does not consist in what mail has but in what he ix and what he enjoys. "A dry morsel and quietness therewith is better than a stalled ox with strife," "It is more blessed to give than to receive," because giving protects con? tentment while to receive augments the desire for more and .-olds fuel to t'io flames of avarice and discontent. Avarice is the seed and discontent the soil from which has sprung forth the incessant and unjustifiable cry of hard times, hard times, till one unac? quainted with the facts in the case would think this country unfit for the residence of any part of the hit man family, when the truth is this land continues to (low with the boun? tiful blessings of Providence insomuch that with a very small amount of in? dustry the very poorest can have plenty and to spare. But alas; strange to us as it may seem, this is what is often the matter so far as the rich are concerned. They call it "over production" and because of this abundance they are Unable to wring from the hand of the consumer the ex horbitant prices which their insatiable greed demands for their merchandise and in their desperation they cry otiI "hard times" and they have contin? ued to chant this chorus of complaint from city to city and front house to house I ill even the poorest class of people who depend upon their daily toil for a living and who can buy more of the comforts of life with a day's labor than they ever could before, have got to believe that these things are indeed truo, which by their long continuance have filled their minds with the fancy of a veritable monster traveling every highway, hill and hollow in this broad land, threaten? ing to suatch the very clothes from their back and bread from their chil? dren's mouths, and to cap the climax, the squirming politician of these lat? ter years has hobbyized this fantas? tic monster and continues to ride him up and down the valleys and high , ways with as much show of reality j as if he was an iron horse, then as an imaginary evil is so much har? der to get rid of than a real one, there is no telling when this "lame goose" is going to be overhauled. Niuc-tenths of the evils over which we daily repine are not real but imag? inary, and this fancied legion-mon? ster is unveiled to our minds by the never-resting fingers of discontent. All men are indeed, seeking after happiness but alas, how few seek for it right. This priceless boon .is not to be found in what men call riches, but in our own hearts, our own dis? positions, we see many who possess barely enough of the things that sur round them to ^^^^^^^^^^^ ami they are as happy as the birds, while others surrounded with their broad acres, their numerous herds and their iron safes full of money, arc little better than miserable, while they are ever in a fret of anxiety and continue to give vent to their dissat? isfaction and ingratitude by that old and time worn falshood "hard times." Then, in order to enjoy the greatest amount of happiness that the things of this life can give we should provide all things honcttly in the sight of God and man, and be couteut with such things as we have. W, L. Jessee. Cleveland, Va., May 1, 1893. A >ew Device of Ellisons, Edison has designed a method of mechanical transmission by tho aid of electricity that has at least the merit of novelty. The object is to permit positive transmission of large powers without the use of toothed gearing. Smooth-faced iron pulleys or wheels are used, and made strong* ly magnetic by suitable windings connected in circuit with a suitable . source of electrical energy. The belts or ropes are cither themselves magnetic or carry iron bars, which form armatures to close the magnetic ' circuits at the pulleys, and are strong? ly attracted to the faces of the pul? leys so as to increase the adhesion and transmit the power without slip. Tho First Street lt:iillroail. The first street railroad ever char? tered was the New York and Harlem, which was opened Nov. 26, 1882, and ran from Prince street, in the Bowery, lo Fourteenth street. The car used on this trip was designed by John Stephcnson, and the patent was then signed by the then President of the United States, Andrew Jackson. There arc about 25,000 cars used in this country, and about half as many in foreign lauds. The cost of an ?ld fashioned horse-car was about $800; cable and electric cars are much more expensive. The elective car, with the motor cost about $5,000, and the batteries 2,000 additional. Mr. Stephcnson is still living, at the age of eighty-three. More than 10,000 closed cars have been turned out of his shops. Tho Odd und the Uncommon. A sixteen-year-old Negro boy liv? ing near Milan, Tenn., was born with only one eye, there being no trace of another. His body is covered with a growth of small hairs resembling wool. A postal-card was mailed in Lou? isville, Ivy., on January 10, 1889, and arrived at its destination in Phil? adelphia, through the usual postal channels, on April 20, 1893, having taken four years and 100 days to make the trip. Sarah Cross, .of Bristol, Ky., is more than fifty years old, but is only eighteen inches in height. Her face and head are fully developed, her features show intelligence and she talks well. She sews skillfully, and is useful about the house. A Cincinnati somnambulist arose in his sleep early one morning last week, and, walking into the kitchen, seized a knife and cut his throat. When he awoke he thought some? body had attempted to murder him. According to the Shoe and Leather Reporter, a convict in a certain pen? itentiary, whose crime was dishonesty, is compelled to spend his time in cut? ting out pieces of pasteboard to be put between the outer and inner soles of shoes, which arc sold as be? ing made of solid leather. Very few people realizo the extent to which the newspapers are drawing upon the timber resources of the country for pulp material for the pa? per upon which their editions are printed. It is estimated that the white paperc for the daily supply of the several editions of the New York World requires all tho marketable spruce lumber fit to cut which grows on seven acres of average spruce* for? est. The Boston Globo's edition re? quires tho growth of three acres of New England spruce forests. The wood pulp now used in the United States requires about 2,200 cords of spruce daily 1,700,000 feet of spruce logs for every twenty-four hours, amounting to five hundred milliou feet , per annum. That amount of lumber now going to waste as soou as the newspaper is a day old, used to suffice to build houses intended to last a half a century or more, Th? pulp drain upon spruco forests use* nip the mature timber of one hundred