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The Big Stone Gap post. [volume] (Big Stone Gap, Wise County, Va.) 1892-1928, January 31, 1895, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn88061179/1895-01-31/ed-1/seq-1/

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VOT "TiI Bio STrONE GAP, WISE COUNTYT~VA-. THURSDAY, JANUARY 31st, 1895. ~~ " NO. 5.
? ? - ? - ; " i
I'rofosMlonal (.Jini*.
ItUKPS A. AYKUS, HARKY J. AYKIW,
LAW OFFICES in AYERS BUILDING,
Bi# Stone Gnu. Vo.
JOS. L. KELLY,
ATTORN EY-AT-LAW,
OFFICE. AYERS BUILDING,
Bii* Stone Gap, Va.
J. F. BULLITT, Jr.,
ATTORNEY-AT-LAW
Bipf Stone Cap, Virginia.
Win practice in t!;?- State, Federal, Circuit ami Ap?
pellate i>>''?? Is.
J. B. Iliebmond, -Uiclaui.iul.
RICHMOND & RICHMOND,
LAWYERS,
GATE .CITY?, ? ? ? VA
william wallis,
ATTORNEY -AT-LA W
AND CONVEYANCER.
Big Stono Gap. Va.
Member oMncnrporaied l-atv Society of England.
Specialty:?Examination of !.'<?<.tls, and "repa?
ration, of bstvacl* o{ Tille andDeeds. -'17.
R. T. IRVINE,
ATTORNEY-AT-LAW. .
litVv: iti SumiuerJivl ! KidMiti;?, \Vo?4 Av.-tii:-. J
Biu Stone Cap. Virginia.
WALTER E. ADDISON,
ATTORNEY-AT-LAW.
t?.'!i<" ii: Nlc?els ImiMiiig-, |
Big Sto;ic Gap, Virginia.
?V. K. I'! It?..?
. 1 h . ion, Va. K. m. H i rn;:, Wise CM. Va
BURNS & FULTON,
ATTORNEYS- AT-LAW.
(?(.' kts: ? I:.?-?*. II, Wi <oand Uli kenson Counties, :iu<
i,"t>iirt <?'. Vppeala aLWytlicvFliif, Va.
f.T. IHWt v.v, W. S. MATIIKWS^ JOS. C. UAV.VOU,
Juiieaville, Va. lUgStone Can. (Mr Stone-Gap.
DUNCAN, M AT H E W S & IVi A Y N O Ft,
ATTQRNE YS-AT-LAW,
Ofllci in Nil ?'?? Is Dtiilding, Wood Aventic,
Big Stone Cap, Virginia.
Clone Mteiitlou lo Collections and Prompt llctultiiiio
T. M. ALDERSON,
ATTORNEY-AT-LAW.
WISE C. H., - - VIRGINIA.
prompt ntleiitiuii to all business entrusted to me. Ail
dress. ither U i- <". II., Va . or Sorton, Va.
W.A.OKK.S:'., Hl. Ii. JKLY, \Y. A. OllK.Jr
Jo!ienvl|ie, Va. I! ech Spring, Va. Dryden, Va,
ORR. ELY & ORR,
ATTORNEYS -AL-LAW,
JONES VIL - E.
VIRGINIA.
C. D. KUNKEL,
PHYSICIAN and SURGEON,
Big Stone Gap, Virginia,
jflcia Uta pi if nirtl sei v ice* :?) tbc peopjeol Hie city
niul \ icinity.
N. H. REEVE, M. D.
TREATS DISEASES OF WOMEN
EXCLUSIVELY.
Office: Main St. Bristol. Tenn.
fcj. W, THACKtR,
fclVIL ENGINEER AND
I SURVEYOR,
Big Stone Cap, Virginia.
City au.l Laud Wi.ik ? Specialty.
afflh'P .I I I . .1 \ us i. \v. t I?\XKKNSJlll*,
'?'???>; <?;..?. < .... . Soueavitlc, Va.
?CKSON & BLAMKENSHIP,
||\T rOKNLVS-AT-LAW,
Jonesville, Virginia.
iSB*" "I1' alt tit inn given In biiidmiss tit all times.
HBft -I i lalm?iii tmutbv esi Virginia,u sp< chilly
W. H. BOND.
TTORNEY-?T-LAW
Wise C H., Virginia.
DR. F. A. SPROLES,
KM DENT I) K X T I ST,
BIG STONE GAP, VA.,
W*1 ' ? ' ?' ??; rn? .Ii? e!itr??t?d
? li: !*t ii - Alt li.illvl.v
? L R. PERRY,
? ;<?;-;; n A N l) BUILDER.
Ml tin lg of work |n 1
JEf BRICK, and PLASTER! NG,
fANOLITHIC WALKS. &c.
tono Cu->. or Gat? City, Va.
H6 PKLSCE,
Jonesville. Va-.
' OOUK, PRGPKIETGR.
1 y wade] hotel of the Sp,utti?re*t.
?v.Jb tiUHleiii ; ?.. ?;..;,;, ,,ijd conducted
e.ass p.hiclpk's. Spccia] Niioa to regular
?r*v*H?g torie&men. l^trge mid edit
? "<<'U;s. Bvery uttehtiou given U?
o Rink* tbem conifcrtab't. - 20.
HB?RY HOTEL.
Mhiik Avenue and 10th Street,
MIDOLISSU0HO, ?Y.
$1.00 perTday.
President Cleveland Asks for
an Adequate Bond Issue.
Relief for the Menacing Monetary
Condition of Our Country Wanted.
Notes to tho Amount of 3500,000,
000 Should Be Converted Into
Bonds and Canoolod.
We Are Confronted With a lirave Threat
ttt tin- i.y.mi* of Fori ig;.? Cold SpVl'tl*
latore Lei ruri;*auidj&> l>c Fprjjot
tcn in Prompt I'roi'lsloris for
the Na-. ion's Nccctn.
. Wasjiixcto.v, Jan.?rl'he president
sent Id both hoi;.'<.. of e?rijLTess Monday
a message on the financial situation as
fol lows:
In my last annual message i commended to
the serious consideration >>', the congress the
condition of national llnanccs. and incohnec
tion with the subjects itulo red th? pl.v? of
currency legislation which :.t licit iinie seemed
to furnish protection againsl impending dam?
per This plan lias ho! beona*iproved by.the
congress lu the meant-hae tfic&itnation has
so changed and the cinergi n* y now appear* so
threatening that! deem it roydutyito ask tit,j
the hands of the lcjdsl Hive branch of th ? gov- j
eminent such prompt and eff?.<''ive action.as
will restore confidence In our rinitncinl sound?
ness a n>.l avert business disaster and universal
distress among our pc?.?t?io.
Whatever may be lbs ? n rits of thopls?n out- j
lined iti my iiunua' rue? ? ?; c as a remedy for ills
then existing and as a safeguard against the I
depletion of the go] -1 roservc t.i? ? n in the tre:is- j
ury. I am new convinced taut its reception by
thu congress and-our present advanced ?tage J
of financial pe plcxit;, necessitate additional
or different legislation.
With .natural resources unlimited in variety I
ari'i productive strength, and with a people
v.i.oso activity ami enterprise seek only a fair
opportunity to achieve national success and
greatness, cur progress should noi \>< checked
*by a false financial i>' >j i<>y and a heedless dis?
regard of sound monetary laws, nor should the
timidity and fear.which they engender stand in
the way of our prosperity.
It is hardly disputed that this predicament
confronts us to-day. Therefore, no one in any
dcgrcefrcsponsible. for the making ami execu?
tion cf Taws should fui I to see patriotic duty
in honestly and sincerely attempting to re?
lieve the situation. Manifestly thiseff >rt will
ic? succeed unless ii is made uutrninmelcd by
tin- prejudice of partisanship and with ast< ad
fust determination to resist the temptation to
accomplish party advantages.
We may v eil remember that if wo tire threat?
ened with financial difllcullies all mir people
in every station of life are concerned: and
surely those who suffer will net receive the
promotion of party interests as an excuse for
permitting our present troubles to advance t.>
a disastrous conclusion, itisalsoof the ut?
most Importance that we approach the study
of tho problems presented us free as possible
front I'd' tyranny of preconceived opinions,
to the end that in a common danger we may
be able to sei-!, with unclouded vision a
safe und reasonable protection. The real
trouble which com*:outs us consists in a lack
of confidence, widespread and constantly in?
creasing, in tue continuing ability or disposi?
tion of the government to pay its obligations
in gold. Tills lack of coulldence grows to some
extent mu of the palpable and apparent em?
barrassment attending the efforts of the gov?
ernment under existing laws to procure gold
audio a greater extent out of the impossibility
of either keeping it in tho treasury or cancel?
ing obligations by its expenditure after it is
obtained.
The only way left open to the government
for procuring gold is by the issue and sale of
its bonds. The only bonds that can be so
Issued were authorized nearly twenkyrfive
years ago. and arc not well calculated to meet
our present needs. Among other disad?
vantages they are made payable in com
tnstead'of specifically in gold, which inexist
Ing conditions detracts largely and in an
increasing ratio from tlie:r desirability as in?
vestments, n is by no means certain that
bonds of ihK description can much longer
lie disposed of at a price Cleditable to the
financial character of our government.
The most dangerous ami irritating feature
of the situation, however, remains to be
mentioned. It is found in the means by
which the treasury is despoiled of the gold thus
obtained without canceling a single govern?
ment obligation and solely for the benefit ol
those wt.o find profit in shipping it abroad or I
whose fears in .u- c them to hoard it at home, i
"\Ve hijV? outstandingubpu| live hundred mil-j
lions of currency tiofos of the government, for
which gold may be demanded, and curiously j
enough the law requires that when they are
presented and in lac: redeemed and paid in
gold, they shall be re-issued. Thus the samel
notes may do duty several times in drawing j
gold from tin- treasury: nor can the process be
arrested as long as private parties for profit or
otherwise sec an advantage In repeating the ]
operation. i
More than $300.003.000. ::. these notes has al?
ready been, redeemed in gold aod. no;witti-|
Spuming such redemption, they arc still out-j
standing Since January 17. IHM. our bonded;
interest-bearing debt has been increased *100.- |
Ox* 00Q for the purpose 6f obtaining gold to re- I
pl?uish our coin rejscrye. Two issues were '
piude. amounting to jjlWlOOO.OOo each?one inj
January and the other in November. As a re;
gull of the first issue there was realised sonic- '
tiling neue than ^iS.pOO.OOQ in gold.
Hef.vt.cn that issue and the succeeding one
in November, comprising a period of about 10
months, nearly $103,000,000 In gold was drawn
from the treasury. This made the second
issue necessary, und upon that more t'iun $58.?
000. CO? in gold wes again realized. Between the
date of this second issue and the present time,
covering a period of only about two months,
more than *09,000,000 in gold has been drawn
from the treasury. These large sums of gold
were expended without any cancellation of
government obligations or in any permanent
way bonefltting our people or improving our
pecuniary situation.
The financial events of the past year sug
gests facts and conditions which should cer?
tainly arrest attention. More than :'IT-J.0?0.iXH.:'
hi gold has been drawn out of the'treasury!
during the year for Um ?uvposo of shipment
abroadov hoarding at? pome. ? '- ? ? ??
'While nearly jhtf.O'tt.cOO 6f this amount was,
dra wn out during the iirst three months of the
year a su.n aggregating imue than t wo^irdA
of tttftt amour.:, being about $dC,0OutO00, was
v1i:awn out during me rollpwiug two months, I
thus Indicating a marUtjd acceleration o! |
the depleting process, with the lapse oi
time.
The obligations upon which this gold has I
been withdrawn from the treasury are still
outstanding and are available for use In re?
peating the exhaustive operation v. ith shortei
Intervals as our perplexities accumulate. * *!
It will hardly do to say that a simple in -
crease of re-venue Will pitrij pur. irrtuhle-s?. SJfc
uppteio-nsion nov existing; and t-yns-runtly'iVi--*
1 reasink as' lo our financial' ability doe's hot
1. e.upon a 'calculation of our revenue. The
(itnc has passed Vnog the eyos or' jijvestot-s
abroad and our people at home wore ?sod
upon the revenues of iho government.
Chauged conditions have nttruotcd their
attention to the gold of the govern?
ment. There need be no fear that we
can not pay our current expenses with
such money as we have. There is now in
the treasury a comfortable surplus of murt:
man $Ga.005 0oo, but it is not in the. troju, tumi
?miretoro doe.-j not meet w dniicijly: "I ch'ij
i.o'i --ee ' that dVaer-mees of opinion concerning
irje extent, to which sUye'r ought to pe coined
or used iu our currency should uitcifore with
tho counsels oi those whoso duty it Is
to rectify evils now apparent in our Rnan
??': 1 siutatiori. They hive to consider the
question of national credit bnd the conse?
quences that win follow fron its collapse.
Whatever ideas may be insisted upon us
to silver or bimetallism, a proper solution
of the question now. pressing upon only re
gtflres u recognition of gold as well as silver
and aconcc sion of its importance, rightfully
or wrongfully acquired, as^ a baste of national
credit, a necessity i-.i the honorable discharge
of our obligations payable in gold and a budge
of solvency. I do not understand that the real
friends of silver desire a condition that might
follow Inaction or neglect to appreciate the
meaning of the present exigency if it should
result in the entire banishment of gold from
our financial und currency arrangements.
Besides the treasury notes, which certainly
should he paid in gold, amounting to nearly
fr?00.00n MX), there wiil fall due in 11>05 $100 On 01 <J
of bonds, issued dur.ng the last year, for which
we have received gold, and In U?07 nearly S600.
eoo.?oo of i per cent, bonds, issued in 1877. Shall
the payment of these obligations in gold he
repudiated:' If they arc to be paid in such a
manner as the preservation of our national
honor and uational solvency demands we
shoal-.: not destroy or even imperil our ability
lo ? apply ourselves with gold for tbaVpurpbse.
While-lam not unfriendly to silver, while I
desire to see it recognized to such an extent as !
is consistent with financial safety and the !
preservation of national honor und credit. I am
not willing to see gold entirely banished from
our currency and finances. To avert such a
consequence 1 believe thorough and radical
remedial legislation should be promptly
passed.
In my opinion the secretary of the treasury
should be authorized to issue bonds of the gov?
ernment fort'.ii purpose of procuring and main?
taining a sufficient gold reserve and the re?
demption find cancellation of the United States
legal tender notes and the treasury notes
used for the purchase of silver under the law
of July N, 1800. We should be relieved lrom
the humiliating process of Issuing bonds to
procure gold to be immediately and repeat?
edly drawn out on these obligations for pur?
poses not related to the benefit of our gov
. eminent or people. The principal and Interest
of Ihcsc bonds should be payable on their face
: In sold, because they should On sohl only for
i goldorits representative and because tbero
would now probubjj be difficulty la favorably
disposing oi bor.d? wn containing this stipuia
! lation. 1 suggest that the bonds be issued in
denominations of Sflfl) aud $50 and their mul?
tiples and that they bear Interest at a rate not
exceeding three per cent per annum.
1 do not see why they should not be payable
50 years from their date. Wc of the present
general ion have large amounts to pay if we
meet our obligations, and long bunds are most
salt able. The secretary of. the treasury might
well be permitted at his discretion to receive
on the sale of bonds ihe legal tender and treas?
ury notes to bp retired, and Of course when
ihey are thus retired or redeemed in gold they
should be canceled.
National banks should not be allowed to take
out circulating notes oi a less denomination
than flO, iind when ? uca as are now out'land?
ing reach the treasury, except for redemption
I and retirement, liter should be cancelled and
note--of t ee denomination of J?*0 and'upwards
issued In their stead Silvcrcci liiicates of the
denomination <<f $IOitnd upwards should be re?
placed by certificates ot denominations under
rlO.
As is constant means for the maintenance of
a reasonable suppij of gold in the treasury our
duties on import-: should be paid in gold, al?
lowing all ot er dues to the government to be
paid in any other form of money.
1 believe all the provisions I have suggested
should be embodied in our laws if we are to
enjoy a complete reinstatement of a sound
financial condition. They need not interfere
with any currency scheme providing for the
increase of the circulating medium through
the agency of national or state hanks,
since they can easily be adjust?
ed to such scheme. Objection has been
made to the issuance of Interest-bear?
ing obligations for the purpose of retiring
the non-interest bearing legal tender notes.
In point of la. t. however, these notes have
burdened us with a large load of interest, and
it is still accumulating. The aggregate inter?
est on the orig nnl issue of bonds, the proceeds
of which in gold constituted tr:e reserve for the
payment of these notes, amounted to j70..'?o.
2f>0on January 1.180.*?, and the annual charge
for interest on these bonds and those issued
for the same purpose during the last year will
be WU 45,000, dating from January I. 1895.
While the cancella'ion of these notes would
not reliuvo us from the obligations already in?
curred on their account, the.se figures, arg ^i^r
ee. bvw .yof fjufc C/Sttny tfcat the:* existence
has nnl' been free from interest charges, and
that the longer they are outstanding, judging
from the experience of the last year, the more
expensive ihey will become.
in conclusion 1 desire to frankly confess my
reluctance to issuing more bonds in present
circumstances and with no better results than
have lately followed that course. I can not.
however, refrain from adding to an assurance
ol my anxiety to co-operate with the present
congress in any reasonable measure of relief,
an expression of my determination to leavo
nothing undone which furnishes a hope for im?
proving the situation or checking a suspicion
of our disinclination or disability to meet w ith
the siryie.st honor every national obligation'
?GwoVer Cleveland.
DRAKE RETURNS.
Other Arrests of Alleged Lynclierfl to lie
lUlado?Roach and Foreman Indicted.
Mt. Sterling, Ky.. .Ian. 28.?Detec?
tive Drake and others returned. Mun?
dil}' morning, ai..d it is understood that
vJihec warrants will be sworn out and
executed at once. James Roach and
Dick Foreman arc the names of tfce
parties indicted fc.r. the murder of
Bl.air. 'tncy are demanding" a
trial at this term of the court.
The citizens of Mount: Sterling
are thoroughly aroused, and are de;
term mod not to be sidetracked in their
efforts for law and order. Tho report
that Judge Cooper lost a leg in the
confederate army is a mistake. He is
sound in mind and members. 1'he jury
hi the ease of English Anderson for the
killing of George Alexander last June
has not rendered a verdict, aud it is
the opinion that there will be a disa?
greement.
Au Old-Timer Dead.
Portland, Ind., Jan. 28.?A tele?
gram from Laurel announcestlie dcath
of Henry H. Cnppy at the age of SI.
He built the first house in. I' trtlhncl \k
1836, and iii the sauie year was k|>
pointed'.lay county's first treasurer.
PuPPy was ;i^so one 9* lhe committee
to locate the county seat.
AltgelU Ai.iv Have U,
St. koyis, Jan. 28.?The statement is
made by one of the most prominent
labor leaders in the United States that
the position of the president of the
Universal Labor union, which is now
in process of organization, would be
tendered to Gov. John I*. Alt geld, of
Illinois, within the nejet few w?ej?] ?*
Cguyfctcd i,( 2iur<tec..
Jackson. Tenth, Jan. 2S.~I)ink Cole
was convicted Monday morning of
murdering Ucorge. Cole, July, 1*04, and
the punishment tixed at twenty years
in tho penitentiary. Deceased was 1C
and the defendant 2Qyears old. The
trouble originated about a girl.
Switchman Killed!
CixciN vv'.i, Ja a. IJvM^^i Bef:
liugfoi:."a Big ''l our' switching crew
foreman, was struck by a 11. <fc Qt S,
\V. switcji engine, lit the Cart-street
bridge, Monday afternoon, and instant?
ly killed.
MOKE BONDS
?Will Be issued Unless Congress
Comes to the Rescue.
Proposition for k Tcnip ?raryl-pan Increas?
ing i? Favor?It is Possible to Unite All
the Different Interests Upon It?sil?
ver Men Are to Stand Firm.
"Washington*. Jan. *.'.">.?The gold re?
serve is disappearing so rapidly that
another bond sale must soon he ordered
to restore it to the 8100,000,000 limit.
There is no promise of any relief from
congress or of any cessation in the de:
taand for -rol l export. The adminis?
tration is, therefore, left without any
resource except to refuse the further
payment of its gold, which would put
that metal at premium, or to keep on
increasing' the national debt.
That Mr. Cleveland is not without
hope of relief from the Fifty-third
congress is evident from the fact that
he has not uircady advertised a third
sale of ?50,000,000 bonds. He evident?
ly does not understand the inability of
the leaders to agree upon any form of
currency legislation.
Beyond the presentation of bills ex?
pressing the individual opinions of
certain congressmen as to what should
be done, there has been no movement
since the failure of the amended Car?
lisle currency bill in the house. Chair?
man Springer, it is true, has been vain?
ly trying to rally his forces, but the
democratic members, most of them to
be retired to private life at the end of
this icongrcss, seem to have lost all in?
terest in public affairs and tobe wait?
ing1 only for the release from respon >i
bility which will come to them on the
4th of March.
However, a better understanding of
the threatening situation becomes
more apparent every day. and the
proposition for a temporary loan con?
stantly finds increased favor. The issue
of certificates at a low rate of interest,
to meet current obligations, will not
affect the currency problem or the
tariff question. Therefore, it seems
possible to unite all the interests upon
it.
In anticipation of the republican
caucus Friday, the silver senators held
a conference Thursday afternoon in a
corner of the senate marble room.
(Jeu. Waruer, of Ohio, was present.
Thev decided to stand firm in their de
maud for free coinage and to prevent
any other legislation affecting the cur?
rency.
Senator Teller said after the confer?
ence t hat the continuance of the pres?
ent policy of bond purchasing to main?
tain the gold reserve must come to an
end, as the increase in the national
debt could not go on forever. Person?
ally he. like all other republicans,
favored legislation which would per?
manently inercr.se the revenues. Hut
that seemed impossible in view of the
attitude of the democratic majority.
The proposition to make a tempor?
ary loan was an expedient, but it
seemed to be the only thing upon
which a union of forces could be |
brought about. lie did not believe
that there could be any very deter- !
mined opposition to a bill which mere- j
ly proposed to make a temporary loan.
In his opinion nothing would be done
at this session, however, unless some
such expedient was resorted to.
Senator Aldrich was asked Thursday
?hat. the republican senators would
do in caucus Friday, lie replied that
the admission of new states be con-. I
sidercd, and he had no doubt that the
disorganized condition of the demo?
crats would be talked over.
The republicans, he said, were a unit
in their willingness to provide money
for the immediate use of the govern?
ment in order to avoid the necessity for
. paying out gold for current liabilities.
! With sufficient revenues the treasury i
j department would bo saved from a re-j
i sort to the gold reserve and the dan-1
; gcrs of the situation would be lessened
; to that extent.
The scheme for a temporary loan
will undoubtedly be discussed, but the
caucus will not be asked to take defin-1
ite action on anything.
MORE ARRESTS.
Mt. Sterling's IJig Fight Agglnst Law- i
Ml. Sterling, Ky., Jan. 25.?The ar- j
rest of Detective Drake here Thursday
afternoon by the city authorities,
charging him with m\yrd,fir iu Lee
county, has caused a big sensation. It
was believed thut after James liest,
the man who was jailer when Thomas
Blair was lynched New Year's morn?
ing, was arrested as a party to the
lynching, that Chief of Police Wilson
would also be arrested, but this plan
was upset by Drake's arrest.
To further complicate matters
Drake's assistant, doe Johnson, mar?
shal of Clay City, was arrested and
taken before the city judge, charged
with carrying pistols, lie was fined
and a jail sentence imposed,; but he
took an appeal to the circuit r.ourt,
aud Judge Cooper allowed h?n to go
fre(S, Drake \Vm ':'ehn-'n Friday, he
says, a^d e'outinue the investigation,
no matter what the vit.v authorities
may do.
Manufacturers' Association U'h>er*.
Cincinnati, Jan. 25.-?At the Thurs?
day afternoon session of the National
Manufacturers' association Hon. James
Dolah, of Philadelphia,, was elected
president. The vice presidents, one
from each state was chosen. Mr.
Robert Laidlaw, of Cincinnati, was
unanimously elected treasurer, and \h;.
E. P. VVilsou, of xl\iu i*di.v'. .-e^refary,'""'
gnu wed for Kight Days.
fe>ACHA.MK.\To, CaJ? Jan, . 25.?The
snowstorm which has prevailed in the
mountain regions for the last eight
days has stopped, and the railroads
are being cleared of the great masses
of snow which Rre continually break?
ing oft the high banks that line tho
tracks for miles. THrifiz arc constantly,
farmiygiu tac-n-arjrt>^y cutsWrough,'the
hills, ?nd'\he rotary plows have to be
kept' in constant ope rat km. At Hu ra?
unt the &uow depth is twenty feet.
The levee near Clarksburg, on the
Yolo side of the Sacramento river, has
broken, and the residents are compelled
to pass from place to place io boats.
FIFTY-THIE-D CONGRESS.
b'econd Sension.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 2"?.?senate.?The de^
bate ca tii!- Hawaiian revolt Monday was not
of an exciting dr sensational nature. Mr.
Gray delivered a speech of some brevity, its
purpose being to laud the course of the ad?
ministration and to discredit the conclusions
of Admiral Walker. Theseuate after a tedious
debate, passed the conference report on the
urgency deficiency bill, which carries the ap?
propriation for the enforcement cf the income
tax. Mr. Lodge again brought forward the
Hawaiiau question by introducing a series of
resolutions approving the sending of a vessel
to the Sandwich Islands, and in favor of annex?
ation. On objection the resolutions went over.
House?In the house Monday Mr. Cooms
(N. Y.) offered a preamble and resolution,
which were referred to the committee cn for?
eign affairs, requesting the president to take
steps toward co-operating with the plan of
settling by arbitration all disputes between
the United States and Great Britain.
washington, Jan. 23.?SENATE?The Ha?
waiian question was again debated In the sen?
ate Tuesday for somewhat over two hours. Mr.
Gray (dem.. Del.? occupied the position of de?
fender and advocate of tho administration, and
Mr. l odge (rep.. Mass.) that of its prosecutor.
The latter senator was plain nnd outspoken in
advocacy of the annexation of the islands. The
remainder of the day's session was occupied
with a speech by Mr. Turpie (clem.. Ind.) in op?
position to the Nicaragua canal bilL
HOUSE?After six days' consideration Mr.
Holm an (dem.. lud ) succeeded Tuesday in get?
ting the Indian appropriation bill for the year
ending June 80, Ir'JC. through the house. A
number of changes were made in the text,
however. Bills were passed in the morning
hour authorizing the establishment of a na?
tional military park at Gettysburg, Pa., aud
appropriating $75,000 therefor. The conference
report on the urgent deficiency bill, carrying
the appropriation for the collection of the in?
come tax, was agreed to.
Washington. Jan. 24.?Senate.?The Ha?
waiian sensation was dropped Wednesday. Mr.
George net feeling disposed to go on with his
speech, aad the much befouled iju ration <>( il
iianco took possession Two bilis were intro?
duced?one by Mr. Jones, of Arkansas, ami
one by Mr. Smith, of New Jersey. Mr. Jones'
bill is substantially the same : s given to the
public some days ago. Mr. Smith's bill pro?
vides for a currency commls? on oi I" persons,
four to be appointed from civil life by the pres?
ident, four from tnc senate by the president of
that body, and four from the house by the
speaker. Not moro than two of tin four to be
appointed by each of these officers is to belong
to the same party. Mr. Smith's bill also pro?
vides for the is.?uc of fJSOO.OCO.OOU of bonds, pay?
able in in years, ut 3 per cent interest
liot'sE?The house committee on election of
president and vico president Wednesday
agreed to report a joint resolution amending
the constitution so as to provide that the presi?
dent shall be eligible tu service but one term.
There was one dissenting vote. Mr. Dinglcy
(Me.) called the attention of th< house Wednes?
day to what he termed, the utter failure of the
Paris tribunal's regulations for the protection
of the Alaskan seal here, und tot';.- probability
of the complete extinction of the herd unless
.steps were immediately taken to securca co?
operation of Great Britain for the protection
of the seals. The remainder of tiie day was
devoted to the consideration of the sundry
civil appropriation bill. Rapid progress was
made. Fifty-live pages of the lei in the hill
were disposed of without amendment before
adjournment
Washington, Jan. 25.?Senate.?Thursday
Mr. Jar vis (N. C. derm), who has held an ap?
pointment from tin- governor lo lilfthc vacan?
cy caused by the death of Senator Vance, in?
troduced and made way for his successor, Mr.
Pritchard (Rep.), who has i-' eu recently elect?
ed by the legislature to till Senator Vance's un
expired term. Mr. Pritchurjd, after Uciaif
sworn in. took a seat next to Mr. ( handler.v. no
subsequently offered a resolution to pay Mr.
Jarvis *"h^0 for his last day's service, which,
resolution was immediately agreed to. The
Hawaiian question was kept alive by a speech
from Senator George (Dem.! Mis.-.) against the
Lodge resolution, proposing annexation, and
by another offered by Mr. Allen (Pop.. Neb.),
in favor of immediate steps for annexation
Mr. Allen's resolution went over till Friday,
when Senator Mills (Dom., Tex ), wfil address
the senate in opposition.
House?Beside passing a resolution author?
izing an investigation of the management of
?he ofllee of architect of the capltol, the house
Thursday did nothing but consider in commit?
tee of lhe whole the sundry civil appropriation
bill, which came over from Wednesday. Tnc
reading of the bill for amendments was com?
pleted, but owing to the fact that several mat?
ters which have been antagonized remained
undisposed of, the bill will be the order of
business Friday. The policy of the depart?
ment in abandoning outlying military posts
and concentrat ing the army in and near large
cities, and the Mississippi river Improve?
ments were discussed, hi^t no change was
made in the bill in tcgard to either of them.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 28.?SENATE?Senator
Mills delivered Friday, with some vehemence
and some insinuations as to Hawaiian bonds
as accelerating New England patriotism, a
speech defending the president's uttitudc In
tho Hawaiian complication. Thy bill pledg?
ing the faith of the I "illicit States lo the con?
struction of. '.iic Nicaragua canal passed by a
vote of 31 to 21. It was the termination of a
debate which has lasted since the present ses?
sion of congress began. It was. moreover, the
first realization in either bran; h ftf congress of
: tho vast project so Iuum and vigorously urged
: for a canal joining the Atlantic and Pacific,
with the United States government standing
; sponsor for the execution of the work.
House?The sundry civil bill passed Friday.
The bill carries $39,125,721. T;>yq propositions
by Mr. Say res nn;1, x,-. cWmbS, the former's to
clothe. ',.\c secretary of the treasury with pow?
er tu is-no United States bom's of such de?
nominations as be should see lit. instead of as
now, to reissue them of the same denomina?
tion, and the hitter's, to restore and cancel the
gold certificates aud make them conceivable
for customs dues after July 1 next, furnished
the principal theme of discussion. Mr. Sayro's
proposition was defeated, while that of Mr.
Coombs was carried. Mr, Sottle'S amen lmeut
to strike out the appropriation of *?>.0.j0 to pay
for information regardiug moonshine distil?
lers, was lost
Washington, Jan. sr.?Senate?President
Clevclanu's policy toward Hawaii was sustain?
ed in the senate Saturday hy a vote cl 24 ;;?22.
The resolution was offered "l,y Mr. Vest as an
amendment to a p'rgt'tou^ resolution on the
[subject by M;r. -Uhn ip?p.. Neb.)'. The reading
io^ tho journal was disposed with, and Mr.
; Lodge (rep., Mass )! then rose to reply i?> the
i remarks of Mr. Mills Saturday (hat New Eng?
land had Hawaiian, homls, said to be the mo
; tive ins.p\riuH, Xo\ England senators,in their
interest >'or the Hawaiian republic He de?
clared that the bond story tvas a miserable
falsehood.
HOVSB?The bill providing special rules for
the navigation of rivers and harbors and In?
land waters of the United Stales, and to amend
the act to prevent collisions at sea. passed.
The house went into committee cf the whole
to consider the bill to repeal that portion of
the tariff act of August 28, I8P4. providing for
the imposition of a differential of one-tenth of
one percent, per pound on sugars ot uU grades
imported from nil bounty-p/iying countries.
Mr. Myer oLOu , La.x'gave notice ot an amend
i tn^hi to* increase the ad valorem duty on all
grades of sugar from 40 per cent: to 50 per cent.
i*d valorem.._
Starved to Death.
Zanesvii.i.k, 0., Jan. 28.?? woman
of the town known as Florence How?
ard, died Sunday night, and the at?
tending physician says her demise was
due to starvation. He.r. tnaidtxr*name
was Ashley, and hex parents' live at
Young Ladie? Immersed.
kOtJAX, ?., Jan. 28.?Eight young
ladies, ranging from 1(5 to 20 years old,
belonging to the liaptist Church, were
immersed in the Hocking riVer at Rock
Bridge Saturday, eight miles tout*
Logan, in spite of the extreme, t^old
weather.
LYNCH E?S' SCARED.
Scope cf Judge Cooper's to Punish
"Mobbers" Has Been Widened.
The Lyuehcrs of Murphy to He Itruu^kt
to Justirc Also?Gov. Brown I? Ready
to Greatly Increase the Rewards If
"Necessary to Secure the Utility.
Mt. sterling, Ky., Jan. 'J.>.?Mont?
gomery county "mobber.-" are becom?
ing badly frightened and some are
making hurried preparations to leave
the state. The scope of Judge Cooper's
plan to punish lynchers has been
widened ami he now proposes to briug
to justice not only those who hanged
Tom Blair, but the lynchers of .Murphy
also. Monday morning,when he form?
erly extends the time of the session of
the grand jury to February li'?, Judge
Cooper will repeat a portion of his
former charge ami demand that all
who participated in the lynching of
Murphy be indicted.
Murphy, who killed his stepfather in
one of the upper counties, was brought
here for safekeeping. While in the
jail here he killed a fellow-prisoner
named Steele. Fearing mob violence,
he was sent to Winchester. He was
taken from the jail there by a man
who represented himself to be an oh*i
cer and brought to Mt. Sterling and
hanged within its corporate limits.
Blair, serving a sentence in the Mt.
Sterling jail for carrying concealed
weapons, was taken out on New Year's
night by a mob, and after beins?-oruel
1\' beaten was hanged until dead. This
crime, Judge Cooper declares; was the
foulest ever committed by n mob in
Kentucky. This state of things is
worse, lie will say. than the condition
of France under the reign <;f Uobes
pierrc.
Guv.Brown has notified Judge Cooper
that if the present reward of SnOO pet
head for the conviction of the lyneh
crs is insufficient, he will increase it to
any amount necessary. Judge Cooper
has increased the pay of the jail
guards and his body guards to >'?' per
day, and has also settled the dispute
between himself and Attorney White.
It is said that four of the persons
against whom indictments were re?
turned Saturday have left the county.
No additional arrests were made Sun?
day, but excitement is still very great.
Commenting upon the present con?
dition of affairs, a local paper says:
"There is a spirit of almost absolute
I anarchy pervading the very air in and
I around Mt. Sterling. Courts and juries
are abused and lied on, no matter
' what they do, and attempts are made
in every conceivable way. by hook and
crook and strategy, to shackle the
Strong arm of justice and render it
I powerless to strike in behalf of Lite
! constitutional and legal rights of our
citizens."
BY THE HUNDREDS.
1 Inhabitant.--, of Kueh&n K;Ucd in the Knrtn
qiiakee.
London, .Jan. 28.? A dispatch to the
Times from Teheran gives further de?
tails of the destructive earthquakes
at Kuchan. The first shock- occurred
at noon Thursday, January 17.
This was followed by another, and
I in three minutes the town was in ruins.
The loss of life was enormous. Most
of the victims were crushed to death by
falling buildings, but many were
burned to death, the ruins in which
they were entangled having caught
fire.
Six hundred were entombed in a
mosque while engaged in prayer. Six
hundred other persons perished in
the various baths. The survivors
could obtain neither food nor water
for three days, the telegraph lines
having been destroyed. Many who es?
caped being killed by the earthquake
perished from hunger and exposure.
Not a single building remained stand?
ing in the town.
Natural Gas Explosion.
Chicago, Jan. 29.?Early Sunday
morning tho factory of the William
Wrigloy Chewing Gum Manufacturing
Co., at 8.1 Kinz street, was wrecked by
i an explosion of natural gas and the
shattered mass was consumed by jirc.
i Several adjoining buildings caught fire
I from Hying sparks, but were saved by
the fire department. A panic was cre?
ated in the neighborhood und many
persons were on the streets half clad,
with the thermometer 10 degrees be?
low zero. The damage done by the
fire and explosion will not exceed $8,000,
but would have been much greater had
not a call been sent in for an extra
large number of engines
THE MARKETS.
Cincinnati. Jaa.
LIVE StOCK-CatUc-CotnmoA $2 ^ <fo 3 15
Select butchers. . 4 10 ft 4 50
HOGS?Common. 3 75 ? 4 20
Good packers. 4-10 ft 4 45
SHEEP-Cboice. 3 50 4 25
LAMBS?Shippers. 4 25 <ft 4 M)
FLOUR?Winter family. 2 05 64 2 15
GRAIN?Wheat?Xu. 2 red. ft 53
No. 3 red. ft .51
Corn?No. 2 mixed. ft 42
Outs?No. 2. ft 32
Rye?No. 2. ft 55
HAY?Prime to choice. 10 75 ftlt 00
TOBACCO?Medium leaf. 10 25 ftirSS
Good leaf. 14 U0 Ci 17 75
PROVISIONS?Mess Pork. ftll 75
Lard?Prime steam. (fi 6 50
BUTTER?Choice dairy. 10 ft H
Prime to choice creamery.. G? 27
APPLES?Per bid. 3 73 ft 4 00
POTATOES?Per bbl. 2 to &2Zi
NEW YORK;
FLOUR?Winter patent. 2 80 ft S 15
GRAIN?Whyat?No. i, north/a o? 67
No. 2 red.... 57!/'$ 57^
CORN-No. 2 mixed. <8s 4*%
?ATS?Mixed. ft 34'4
PORK?New mess. 12 00 ft 12 M)
LARD?Western. ft 6 87>i
CHICAGO.
FLOUR?Winter patents. 2 50 T? 2 C5
GRAIN?Wheat?No. 2 red. 4U5ift 50*
No. 2 Chicago spring. &2r';* bi%
CORN?No. 2. ft 42 K
OATS?No. 2. ft 2hyj
PORK?Mess.x. }0 40 ftlO 50
LARD?Steani.;;,.. e 55 ft 6 57J4
BALTIMORE.
FLOUR-Family. 2 65 ? 2 90
QRALNV-Wheat?No, 2. 56}$ft 5??i
Corn?Mixed. ft 46}<
Oats?Mixed. 34tfft 25
LARD?Retined. ?11 00
PORK?Mess. ftpj 85
CATTLE?First quality. 4 37*<ft 4 62Vt
HOGS?Western. 4 25. Q 4.50
INDIANAPOLIS
GRAIN-Wheat-Na 2.r?? ft 53
Corn?No. 2 mixed". ft 40ft
Oats?Nf. 2 mixed. ft 8QH
LOUISVILLE..
FLOUR?Winter patent.? ? 4 25
GRAIN? Wheat-rNo. S red. ft 55
' Corn,?Mixrd. ft 44
NICARAGUAN CANAL.
The lilll raises tho Senate Pledging Uncle
BE Saw to the Amount of ?70.000,000.
Washington, Jan. 20.?The long par?
liamentary struggle over the Nicar
augua canal bill came to a close in the
senate Friday, and the bill was passed
by a vote of .11 yeas to 21 nays. From
2 o'clock in the afternoon until 5 the
time was cousuuied in a discussion in
which the speeches were limited to five
minutes. It was sometimes carried on
in a pretty angry fashion, but nothing
very important or interesting was said
on either side of the question.
At 3 o'clock the talk ceased and the
voting began, the result of the first
vote indicating a safe majority for the
bill. Severn I amendments were ac?
cepted by Mr. Morgan (dem., Ala.),
who had charge of the bill, and were
agreed to, as a matter of course.
The most important amendment was
one which was ottered by Mr. Frye
(rep., Me.), and which was amended on
the motion of Mr. Wolcott (rep., Col.L
This dual amendment requires the
work of canal construction to be di?
vided into sections ami to be given out
on contract to the lowest bidder, after
advertisment, the aggregate award not
to exceed the amount of $70,000.000.
It further requires that all material
be bought in the United States.
The substitute offered by Mr. Turpie
(dem.. Ind.I, requiring a preliminary
survey and estimate, and a report on
the practicability of the Meuocal route
was defeated?yeas ~3. nays 29. And
finally the bill was passed by a major?
ity of ten, and will now bo sent to the
house of representatives for the action
of that body.
The vote was as follows:
Yeas -Aldrich, Allison, Rurrowa,
Hutler. Cameron, (handler. Cullom,
Faulkner, Frye, Gallinger, Gibson, Gor?
man, Male, Hoar, llunton, Lodge, Mc
Millan, Manderson, Mitchell (Ore.),
Morgan. Murphy, Platt, Tower, Pride
hard, Proctor, Pugh, Uansoui, Squire,
Walsh, White and Wilson.
Nays- Allen, Hlackburn, lllanchard,
Caffery, Call, Coclcrcll, Daniel. Days,
George. Gray, Hill. Irby, Jones (Akc),
Kyle, Mills. Palmer, Peffer, PettigrVv,
Turpie. Vilas and Wolcott.
The following are the pairs: Messrs.
Hrice and Kerry, Dolph and Coke, Pix
on and McLaurin, Du bo Is and Smith,
Gordon and Martin, Sherman and
Lindsay, lliggins and McPhcrson, Ca?
rey and Mitchell (Wis.). Quay and Pas
co, Perkins and Poach. Shoup and
Teller, Washburn and Vest, Morrill
and Voorhecs, Hawley and Pate. Jones
(Nev.) and Harris, Camden and Hans*
brough.
Present and not voting, Mr. Stewart.
The bill tts passed provides that the
capital stock of the Maritime Canal
Co., of Nicaragua shall consist of 1,000,
000 shares of $100 each; it authorizes
the company to issue :i per cent, bonds
to the amount of s70,000,000, which
shall be indorsed and guaranteed by
tho treasurer of the United States and
shall be secured by a flrSt mortgage on
all the property of the company.
The interest on these bonds is to be
paid by tin; company as it falls due,
and oti failure to do so, is to be held
to pay 1 percent, interest to the Utiitcd
States; and such dcfsiult shall also
bring with it the right of forclosure
and sale.
In consideration of the guarantee
the United States is to receive 870,000,
000.in stock of the company; ?0,000,000
of stock is tvf go to the. government of
Nicaragua, $1,500,000 to the govern?
ment of Costa Pica, and the remaining
822,500,000 is to go to extinguish former
issues of stocks and to the construction
of the canal.
Ten of the fifteen directors of tho
company arc to be appointed by tho
president of tho United States, with
the advice of the senate.
THE BROOKLYN STRIKE.
Twenty-rive Men Kidnaped l?y a Strikers'
Committee?Ali Explosion.
BltoOKLVN, N. V., Jan. 20.?Friday
afternoon there was a howling mob in
front of the Seventh precinct station
at Greenpoint surrounding a string of
cars, which have been deserted by the
motortnen. Tho police are absolutely
powerless. Most of the patrolmen are
on duty at the stables, some distance
away. The crowd is amusing itself by
smashing the windows of the stalled
cars.
A dynamite cartridge exploded in
front of 470 Myrtle avenue Friday.
Many windows were broken, but no?
body was injured.
What is sxtpposed to bo a dynamite
I cartridge was picked up Friday morn?
ing 1>3' a man who brought it
to. the First precinct station house.
The man said he found it at the corner
of Flatbush avenue and Fulton street,
one of the busiest stations of
the city and where several car
lines pass. The object was found on*
the car track. It is covered with &
coating of tar, has a fuse at one end}
and is about five incites long. H'he po
lice immediately brought it to Police
Superintendent Campbell, whudecided
to send it to the navy yawl, where as*
examination will be fi?ade.
Wbrtfltiig Goes IU'i>ui:lican.
Wheeling, Jan. 20.?At the city elec?
tion Friday the republicans mado a
clean sweep of the city for the iirst.
time in many years by majorities for*
mayor, chief of police and city olerk:
ranging from -100 to 1,000. Tho city
council is almost solidly republican.
At midnight it looks as if there will be
only two democrats in the council.
The police force and council have been
democratic for years.
Mgr. SatolU Supreme.
Washington, Jan. 20.?Pope Leo'r,
long-expected encyclical extending the
power and dignity of Mgr. Satolli and
defining the status of the America?
church is now suspended between
New York and Washington by the
formalities of the customs office. It
is expected that tho customs formal?
ities may be concluded so as to bring
the encyclical to Washing by Saturday.
The chief interest in the encyclical
lies in the enlarged authorities it gives
to the American delegate. I'ntilthe
document is made piibile t!?e pi*cci.>e
nature of theso new duties ar.d powere
ure largely conjectural

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