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The Big Stone Gap Post. _
vol. xix, big stone gap. wise county, VA., w^dnesdayTfebr?j?ry 8, 19lT n07f3 Prominent Officials Of Southern Railroad Visit Big Stone Gap and Coal Fields. Mr. B. H Ooapm?n, Vlco president and General Manager of the Southern Ituilw'ay ('<> . with u lurni- number of officials of tin? Operating; Department of that road, wer? in Bi^ Stone tiup hiHt Saturday. Amontt the party were Mr, t'uupuiuu, Gem nrul Manager; <i W. Taylor, General Superintendent i>f Transportation; l> NV. Lum, Chief ICngineer Maintenance of Way; A. Stewart, General Superintendent Motive Power und Kijuipment; O, K Loyall, Geueral Supuriiitoiideut Middle DiHtrict, inoiuditiK V & S. NV,; l)r. W. a. Applegato, und quite n Dumber ?>f superintendents end officials'of Other divisions. There wore about forty in the party, occupying nix private cum. They Were on a general inspection trip nil over the lines of the Southern, and were giving special attention to the V. & S. NV., the opt ttion of which was recently taken over by Southern oiftoials. The party Hpent two days?Saturday arid Sunday?in going over tlio coal Held linen, spending Saturday anil Sunday nights at Mi>rStone fiat'. Tlio whole party was thoroughly impressed with the magnitude of mir works and the tonnage we were getting out. Stone^n nldnr. is milling <iv<t two million tons of coal per annum, and will be rapidly increased to five million tons. The trnflio has taxed to its utmost ili'1 capticMty of the new low made line opened from Mooensiti Clap to Hull's (Jap, and it wen plainly apparent that 'le line from Moccasin Gap lo Big .?stone Gup here WOuld have to lie revised with out delay, and its currying capacity largely increased or the Southern would not be able to take away the tonnage now being prod u.I, to say nothing <>f the future. The management expressed themselves pleased with out entire Bcctioh .-11111 its irrent value to their system as carriers and wo can confidently expect that it will take steps at once to place its lines in shape to handle the trallie. The party left Monday morn? ing for a trip over the line from Moccasin (lap to Mull's ? i ip. Advantages of a Railroad Across Clinch Mountain. (By i). It.vunicrr.) The spirit of a quickening into activity of our section of country, as demonstrated in the recent mooting of the Virginia and Tennessee Agricultural and Industrial Association, prompts me to assume the liberty of adding my endeavor lo < !><? cause of progresH in submitting some remarks on the subject of a railroad mule across tin Clinch mountain, and through the construction of which this formidable obstacle an a harrier of communication between im? portant sections, would thus be eliminated. In recent years we have wit? nessed a pronounced awaken? ing and a consequent march of development along the entire Clinch Vnlley; with railroads, these Indispensable mediums of progress, carrying the coals of this section to the points of Consumption and to tidal ports. Yet, an nearby as all this devel? opment is located, it can be plainly observed, that these older sections, around and about Bristol, Ahiugdou and Johnson City,'are not securing other than a partial benefit from thin source, ami for the lack of same, we may conse? quently fall into it state of depression and stagnation, and thus continuing, until measures be taken to accomplish the construction of such railroad. A veritable barrier to intercom? munication is thi great up? throw, the Clinch mountains) which must be evident to all, when it is realized that for a distance of 160 miles, from the New river gorge, at I'enrisburg, to Spear's Ferry, this mountain lias, so far, boon an actual int pendmont to a full development of this section of Southwest Virginia and Bast Tennessee. About a generation back 1 conducted u series of surveys for a railroad across the barrier, but it seems that the project was in advance of the times, this bo/ore any of the now ex isting railroads in the Clinch Valley section were talked of, and not even a wagon roa<l in Dickenson nnd Buchanan. But we may consider "the day and the hour" to he now at hand for the accomplishment or this good work, and it gives ino pleasure to be able to slate that a practicable route can be secured across the Clinch moun? tain, with a general course favorable to this section The point of crossing of clinch mountain, at Little Moccasin Cap, the point of divergence, of one proposed line, at llonaker, the objective point in this Mo? tion, Bristol. The distance from Bristol to llonaker, by this route, estimated to he forty-live mill's; thus being seventy miles from Johnson City via Bristol to llonaker. The distance from Johnson City via the Carolina, Clinohfield hnd Ohio, and the Clinch Valley to Honaker.lOO 09 miles, meaning a saving of 30 i ifl miles by the Little Moccasin (lap route. As the Norfolk and Western company is at present time engaged in the work of shortening its line by means id a ?'rut off" from Cedar Bluff ti? the Tug river, (1 understand it to bo the intention of this com I pany to Utilize the Carolina Clinch held and (>hio road to tin South Atlantic const), this shot tening of 80.0 miles, by tin Little Moccasin (lap "cut off," might be of corresponding, in? terest to these people. The main line of my survey continued from Little Moccasin (lap, via Dumps -?-reck and Kasuell Pork of Big Sandy, to the Kentucky line. I'Vom Bris? tol to Blkhorn City, Pike county, Kentucky, the distance, via Little Moccasin (lap, esti? mated at 77 miles. From Elk horn City, over the Chesapeake and Ohio, to Catlettsburg, 127.7 miles. From Catlettsburg to Cincinnati, over the same sys? tem, 160.8 miles, making a total of 356 miles from Bristol to Cincinnati, being but a few miles in excess of the distance, by rail, between Bristol and Richmond, V*a.; also it may bo well to note, that the distance from Bristol to tlio Ohio, at Catlettubttrg, i-j the same as the distance between Bristol and L> nchhurg, Va. From the main lino a branch could be throw!) off in l'oor Appalachia Milling Company. The above cut shows the plant of the Appalachia Milling Co., locator! at Appalachia, Va. The building is of mill construe tion and brick, three and ono half stories in height, and n large storage basement. The building was erected for a capacity of t?no bushels of Hour and GUI) bushels uf meal and feed BtulT per day. It is admirably constructed in every way, ami has superior railroad facilities by reason of its loca? tion on n common track of the L. .V N , V. & S. YV., ami In terstnto Railroads, The machinery was purchased from Nordyke and Mnrmon, of Indianapolis, Ind., probnbly the largest manufacturers of this kind of machinery in the world. They hail all inachinorv install ed muler the direct supervision of their superintendent. Before purchasing the machi? nery; Hon. Hi J. Ayors, the president of tho company, visit? ed several large mills ami Valley, leading up sane-and the North Fork of Holsten to tie Mnthieson Alkali Works, mak? ing a total distance of about :i7 miles from the Alkali works to Dumps Creek, and about -W I miles from Bristol to this same 'point, where connection could Ibe made with both the C. ('. .V O. ami the N. & W: roads: ami, furthermore, have direct access I to the Coals of Clinch Valley, The t'. ('. iV < I. company, at the present time, has under con Btruction.thO link from <''liiu-li river it> Klkhoru City, Ky. The distat. from .lohusoti City via Bristol ami Little Moccasin (lap, to Humps Creek, about 00.04 miles. From Johnson City, via the C. 0, & <> and N. tSr YV. roatls to Dumps Creek, 87.4 miles, being an exoss of '27 miles over the Little .Mocca? sin (lap route. It must be understood, bow ever, that in overcoming such an obstacle, consisting of the backbone of one of the most important of the Appalachian range of mountains, that Be riousjphysical features must of necessity be encountered, ami such exist in the crossing of the North Fork of Holston; where, in order to save distance and retain grade, a high viaduct would bo required. This not equaling in height oi in length many structures of this class, several of the same in this country exceeding three hun? dred feet in height and of great length. There would he three pieces of heavy grade, of 11?? fet t per mile, each. Bight miles of this grade ascending from the Clinch river, at mouth of I lumps creek, towards Little Moccasin Gap. About six miles descend ing Clinch mountain to North workud out the dettf's of the plans, und Bern rod the very latest machinery and appli? ances. Bet?re the mill was accepted, samples of the best grades of (lour, from some of the largest mills were secured, and the product of this mill tested by them. Tlio Hour produced was equal tO the best. The h ading brand of (lour of the now company is "Victoria's Crown," than which there is none hi tter, as is evidenced by numerous testimonials volun? tarily received by tho company. j The company was fortut ite in securing as its load millet; Mr. A. Ai Korsltaw, of Lynch lung. Virginia Mr. Kershaw was for twenty live years beul miller lor the large mills at Lyncllburg. With Btiporior tidvan'oges in location, and in freight rates, producing a high class ( roduct, I we predict for this new enter; prise a great success. [Fork llolston. About live miles ascending from the North Fork '?? llolston towards Bristol. Tho successful operation of a like grade is illustrated in tie-work? ing of the mountain division of tie- Baltimore >v Ohio, main line, west of Cumberland, Md. These grades are operated with assistant engines. ,\t Piedmont, lot the eastern base of the Imountains, the road leaves the ? Potomac, ascending to Wilson's Summit, about 1,600 feet in If. miles, or a' I 16 feet per mile for a large part of the distance; thence for about twenty miles the grades are undulating anil comparatively light, until Cranberry Summit is reached; it then descends Salt Lick Creek far about ten miles, at lli'. fe.-i per mile, to Cheat river, which it crosses, and thence ascends for about four miles, at 105.U feet per mile, to Ca-siday's Summit; thence, for about two miles, to Kingwnod tunnel; then descends at the rate of 105.6 feet per mile, for about live miles, to Graf ton, on Tygart river. These grades are seen to lie heavy, and calling for assistant engine power; the treight from the west being obliged to ascend long grades of 105 and Mil feet per mile, yet the large quantity of freight transported, ami the low price of fuel upon the line, enable the work to he done economically. It may be remarked that in those early days of engineering, no allowances were made for curve resistance. The information given in this writing of that part of the route from Little Moccasin (lap to Clinch river at Dumps creek, obtained through instrumental aurvey. The information on the portion from Little Moccasin VISITS RUFAL SCHOOLS. Gap loading towards Bristol, obtained through rcconnols sauce. Tin? cost of grading would form- within the limits of ustiol mountain work, and an excel? lent nlignment in an important feature which can safely be included. For prudential reasons it may at present be considered advisa? ble not to describe more partic? ularly the said routes. Remarking, in conclusion, it can plainly be realized us a demonstrative fact, that this work would make part of one of the mailt arteries of trade bot?.n the < lain Valley, the Mi.i.lie We-I and lite South Atlantic Seaboard, ami hohttng a commanding situation which rivalry could not supplant; ftlr ihermoro, it would also be a link ii one of the prOBp trade routes, these routes de inati.ieil throtigh the great work the Panama canal A hingdon, \'a., Feb. 1. .) nor Roll 0! i' v.* Bijj Stone Gap Public S.hools for Month ot January. FlkSf grade. Section \ ( bailie r.'tulinson. Knie Lane. Dora Allen, Bettie Reeder. Section Ii Marcus Hamiden, Ralph Lane, .lee Siz.omoro, Martha Allman, Carl Knight, Albert Olinger, Ruth Barron, F.tlnd Bickley. Bonnie Catron, M y rill Durham, Niia Qoodloo, May Slemp, Annie Bounds. second qradb. Section K Ruf us Pottit, Hazel Kb-enor. Section B L. 0 Max, Mary Jones, YVillie Mohan. third grade. Section \ Kthol Dennis, Ben Watts. Section H Behind Telton. lioltlcn Honor Roll Ben Watts. fourth grade. Section A Werbe Hood, Milli gnn Bishop, Margaret Barron^ Lei in Shelton. Section It Truemnn Kennedy. Golden tlonnr Roll Worlie Mood. fifth grade. Section \ I ?eWitt W o 1 f e, Howard Lile, Hattie Johnson, [mogene rJeamsn, Section H Bobbie Garrison, Pearl Gilliain, Pearl .(ones, Berthn Mnhaffeyi Ruth Pres cott., Louvinio Stout, Fmma (Hinger. sixth qradb. Section \ L, G. Gladys. seventh tiRAur.. Kathleen Knight, Margaret Pottit, .lohn Lane HIGH school First Year John Graham. Second Year?Zollie Palmer, Gustavo Parsons, Rhoda (Ira bam. Laura Darm II, Bvr?D Rh..ads Third Year Ruby Keinpe. i ) Kelly. Fourlb Year Winnie Multins, RAILROAD EXTEN SION IN KENTUCKY. Keokee, Va,, Pel.. :t. The Louisville & Nashville Railroad Company has the track laid within a mile of Harlan court house, on the VVosiotO tS; Black Mountain Railway, and is pushing the work us fast as possible on the line up Boonfork valley to Big Loonoy Creek, where the Wisconsin Steel Co. is building a coal mining town with three hundred coke ovens. It is also stated that active work of grading is now going on all along the new lino of railroad on the L. tV. K. S. Rail? road up Kentucky river from Jackson to Whitesburg and up to Boon ford, Ky. YY'tien these lines of railroad are finished they will build up Kastern Kentucky and Southwest Vir? ginia into a high state of development. Assistant Health Commission? er Inspects Twenty-Two in Loudoun County. Richmond, Va., Feb. t?As? sistant ll-alth Commissioner, Dr. Allen W. Freeman, who huii just returned from a tour of inspection among the rural schools of Loudoun county, expresses th?- opinion that no? where is improved sanitation more needed than in the <>!?? tnentary one-room" B?hools1 ?f the State. There has been u marked improvement in tho bohoOlbof sum,- localities during recent months, he declares, owing to the activity of the Department of Public instruc? tion unit health authorities, but much r. mains to tie ?tone, in LoudbUU county, lie found steps were being taken to corrtui conditions which had been prejudicial to the health of the I.Uh. "Our people are just realizing the importance of improving the schools," said Dr. Freeman today, "ami thoy are beginning to appreciate the fact that upon the sanitation of the schools depends the health n( the children a' ? -cry critical time of their life " MONEY IN ALFALFA. Washington, Fell. :t.?The opportunities for profit which the raising of alfalfa offers the farmers of the Southeast is indicated by letters received oy the Laud and Industrial De? partment of the Southern Rail* way showing increased interest in the production of alfalfa and highly profitable results in Widely separated districts. Fort and Stone, of Dunleith, Washington county. Miss., owners of a plantation in the Helta, reported that on 28 acres -. . dcd in the fall of 1900} 108 8 Inns weie produced at a cost of ?503.1(5. They figured this hay to be worth $16.00 per ton in the barn, though it was selling from $20.00 to $30 00 per ton. At tins low rating they rcc< Ived a profit of 11,;' 10.00 on tho 28 urres, the hay costing them only $3 17 per ton. Reports from the Delta show that about 60 farmers are now growing iilfalfa with success, all having seeded their tields in the last three or four years. J. W. Fisher, of Newport, in Kast Tennessee, w riles that he is greatly pleased with re? sults, having averaged live tons per acre, and finding a ready sale at $22.00 per ton, tint lie- has found the hay so good that In- prefers feeding it to his own stock to selling it. lie has grown alfalfa on the upland rod calcareiotis clay, general throughout Fast Tennessee. Success in growing alfalfa is also reported by growers in Southern Virginia, North Caro? lina and Alabama, and the acreage devoted to alfalfa in ail the Southeastern states is growing steadily. GIFT OF $20,000 70 BRISTOL INSTITUTION. Bristol, Feb. 3.?Virginia ln 11 tute, the big Baptist school in this city, of which Dr. J. T. Henderson, formerly of Jeffer ?si111 City, is president, has just received $20,000 through the Virginia Baptist Educational commission, with which it will lift a mortgage on the property The school will not he re.piired to repay the loan or pay any interest as long as it continues a Baptist institution. To guard against this a mortgage for this amount has just been taken on tho school by the state com? mission. Old newspapers fjr sale ut this office at 20 cents per loo. Death in Roaring Fire (nay not result from thr work of flrehuirs. hut often severe burin are cuiukt?I th.it nuke a ii nick netxl for Bucklen's Arnica Silve, the qaickr*'., silrcut cure for hums, wi.uncls, bruises, bolts, soles. It rabdoM inllammatloii. It kill? pain It lootbew aSd hells I'llVes Off Skill eruptions, juicers or pile. Only Wc at Kelly Drug Company.