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The Big Stone Gap Post.
2feJ?=^^ JULY 10, I912!- N?728" Big Celebration. tilly Ten Thousand People Here on July 4th. Irhe Fourth of July, nine .ii twelve, has goDo into hia ry as "the biggest fourth wo er had" in Big Stono Gap. [Jevor before has the number visitors at any of theao an? il celebrations aoaml to ton ousiiml, and nover boforo has ere boon ao woll-bohavod, oil nntured, interested and jased a crowd of apectatora gathered hero on Wednes ii- nnd Thursday of last wook. We take <>tV our hata and va three rouaing cheora for wi>D of tho nth Cavalry, lieh was certainly "thowholo io w" nt our celebration is year. Their lino work on e field was apoetncular to a greo und exceedingly inatruc to mill onlertainfng aa well. Hi., noldiera have endeared entaolves to Big Stono (lap n? by ilieir gentlemanly be Kvior around town. Capt. well, with hia commanding esence and charm of manner ide warm friends of the load g spirits in the Athletic An? oint ion who were associated itli this Veteran Wtist Pointer iring and after tlio culobra in festivities. It's Q pleasure to have come contact with Capt. Rawell ul hia officers of Troop L), ami e should boglad to have them ke this way again next Burn? er We Hlionld alao givo Back aster Ming ami hia good little ick nnilos a warm welcome ly time they happen our ay. Below wo shall givo, brielly, la names of the winners in tho triniiH contests on July 3rd nl 4th. July 3rd. In the final? of tho tennis ornament on the foronoou of ily 3rd, between tho gentle en of Johnson City va. Big one (lap, tho prize was car? ed off by A. J. Andnrnon and enry Bullitt, of Big Stono up. In the linala of tho ladies' ornament, only tho lndiea of leGap woro ropresentotl. The ?izu was won by Mrs. Barks id Min* I .miinn Goodlno. In the preliminary race by Lvalrv horaos to determino irea fastest Imrses to race ou ily 4th, livo entries woro made i follows: Sergeant Sense, Corporal row, l'rivato Davis, Corporal iUni and Brivato Hiddlo. Of leae live, Corporal Wilson ime in llrst, Brivato C. M. avia, second, Brivato Riddle, lird. The contest in liigli jumping ok place before noon on tiuradny, and the four cavalry irflea entered by Sorgoant emlorson, Sergeant Farrell, arporal Suit und Brivato Pin y did some beautiful jumping, irticuiarly tlio winning home adon by Sergeant Farrell, Inch made a clean jump of IM feet, three and one hnlf eboa. In tho field sports, tho boys' 'yt'ln race was won by Regi 'Id Smith, of this place, with ?> hrothor a cloae second. The rat prize was $3.00, tho second fite, $1.50. John Allen Goodloo won the !0-yard daalt. Brize $4 00. Sergeant Breatwood, U. S. C, on the prize of $4.00 in the 1,1 yard hurdle race. Hegining at 2:30 iu the nfter 5oit of July 3rd, an interesting ?ine of baseball waB playetl by am of Troop I), va. the Big one Qap team in which Big ?one Cap won by a close mar (S from the men in khaki, "e prize to the winning team u? j'^o.OO. Following was tho score: Inning, 13345 0 78? K II K 2 9- 1 0 1 1 151 li 0 10 U ? ?s-f 0G030O0O0 3 5 II Hittetles? Houderson. D a v I ? and "5*?; Hanks, Halcor, Hall and Mo >tkle. * l-isc nils-Potter anil Bewell. ? lnM lill-Morrla of U. S, Cavalry. loiue run?Potior. ln the jumping contest over I tho steeple clmso course by the U. S. Cavalry, thoro were four entries, Sergeant Riddle; Pri vutpj. NV. Davis, Private C. M. Davis and Private Ureen. Form and purformancn oniy counted in this content, and some beautiful horsemanship was witnessed. The horse rid? den by Privato C. M. Davis was ailjii()g(!d t!to winner in this contest, with Private Oreen, second, nnd Sergeant Hiddle, third. The Unit prize was $5.00 and the. second prize, $:5.00. In the rescue race, in which wore four teams of two men, one mounted at scratoh, tho other'200 yards in front, dis? mounted, tho contestants wore Scrgonnt Henderson and Colon? el Grow, Privates Puller and Spoars, Sergeants Rosoboom and Larrelt and Privates Stew? art and Marshall. In this ox citing race, the one in front at signal tired live shots with his rille. Tito competitor at scratch then rode forward Illing live .-diets with revolver, picked up dismounted man and returned with him to scratch, both men returning their arms. This was considerably more difficult than I it sounds, but Privates Fuller and Spears came back first at breakneck speed, with Privates Stewart and Marshall second. The first prize in this contest was $5.00, tho second prize, l$:i.0<> I The Reman raco was a prot 11y exhibition of horsemanship. Two eutrios were mailu in this contest, Sergeant Soaso and l'rivato Maxey, each riding two horses. Private Maxey was adjudged the winner in this contest, and wus awarded the prize of $5.00. Much luughter among the spectators greeted the mounted tug of war by U. S. Cavalry. A heavy cable was stretched across the diamond and at either end was a cuptain and eight men mounted bareback. Only watering bridles were used on the horses, und tho horses were not to bo grasped uroutid neck nor their munes touched. A haukerchief was knotted in tho conter of the cable and lines marked on the ground on eitiier side of the center. The object of the con? test was, of course, to pull the cable away from the opposing team, the haukerchief marking I the ground gained nnd held. The team near the home plate was Corporal Crow's toam, and consisted of Sergeant O'Reilly, Sergeant Roseboom, Corporal Wilson, and Privates Maxey, Ecker, Carlson, Hammors and ?1, W. Davis. This toam baa the advantngu in weight, and tho troop expected it to win, and were consequently highly amused when the lighter team under the direction of Sergeant Sease, und composed of Ser? geants Henderson and Farroll, Sorgeant Lassan!, Private Cal lahan, Evick, W. B. Stewart, Watson and Corporl Suit, after various mishaps, succeeding in pulling the rope over to their side and holding it thoro. They received the $5.00 prize. Privates Kvick, Kckor, wat son and Morse were enterod in the wrestling match. They were not permitted lo grasp the mane of rider's own horse, not tho mane nor reins of opponent's j horse; This contest provoked much merriment in tho grand? stand, which lacking names, substituted uicknumes for the wrestlers. In the second bout, Private Morse was finally un? seated by Private Watson, and won the first prize of $5.00. The second prize of $3.00 went to Private Morso. In the Held sports, William Nickles, of this place, who was prominent in athletics at col? lege, won ia the running high jump, making a jump of five feot tbreo incites. John Kelly won in the running broad jump with fifteen feet live inches to his credit. Iu the mounted fencing be tween Privates Clark and Morse the former was at a distinct [disadvantage from the first on account of his horse, which was determined to go back to I camp whether or no, so the bout was won by Privat? Morse, and the $5.00 prize. In the golf driving contest Mrs. J. P?. Ayors was tho win? ner in the ladies' contest, driv ing her ball 035 yards. It. D. Baker won in the gentlemen's contest, driving 005 yards. A feature of tho celebration this year was tho number of midway amusements, a merry go-round being most iu evi deuce on account of tho weird collection of sounds issuing thorefrom. July 4th. The exhibition drill and cav? alry chargos on tho morning of tlio fourth by tho entire troop was an inspiring sight which alone was worth tho price of admission to tho park. Tho troop's traning wan apparently perfect, and tho enthusiastic applause from the packed grandstand, bleachers,and side? lines showed the appreciation of tho spectators of tlio beauti? ful work of Undo Sam's boys in tho field. In the iiuuls of the running raco of July 8rd., Corporal Wil? son won first place and tin prize of $5.00; Private C. M. Davis came in second nnd won the $3.(XI prize. Privates Stewart and Mar? shall, Corporals Suit ami Eoker, Privates Kviok ami Golden and Privates Mnyea and W. B. Stewart took part in tho rescue race on the 4tn, the details of which were tho same as on the 3rd. The winning team on this oc? casion was Corporals Suit ami Eckor, with Privates Stewart and Marshall coming in second. Tho prizes wore $5 00 and $3.00. Tito Komun raco resulted iu a draw between Sergeants Hen? derson and Farroll. There were twelve entrios in tins knights' tournament, which is always an annual ovont, the winner having tho privilego of crowning the tpuoou of tho ger man ou the evening of July Ith Theso knights woro oh follows: Knight of the Chi Dominion, G. G. McFerran. Sir Launeolot, Dr. J. A. Gilmor. Richard Coeur do Leon, J. M. McLemoro. The Black Prince, Chnrlie Burnt. Sir.Galahad, Curtiss Camp bell. Ivanhoe, Willie Jones. Saint Batrick, M. K. Kelly. Knigltt of the 20th Century, Capt. M. W. Rawell U.IS. 0, Knight of tho Grey Friars, Dr. W. G. Rainier. Knight of tho Lone Star, A. K. Morison. Knight of tho Star and Cat tor, W. Reasor. Knight of Venice, J. B. Ayors. The winner of tlio Tourna? ment was Dr. J. A. Gilmer. In tho Hold sports on tho 4th., the winners and prizes were as follows: Running high jnmp, W. II. Nicklos, 5ft. din. $1.00. 100 yard sack race, John Lane, Cadet, $2.00; Bay Thomllnson, Cadet, $1.00; Oliver Swan, Cadet, 50 cents. Running broad jump, J. B. Kolly, 15ft. Sin, $4.00. Pota? to raco.John Lane, Cadet, $2.00. Ray Thomlinson, C.tdet, ^> cents. Tho cavalry event occupied j the afternoon until the ball game was called at 3:30. The first of those events was an? other cavalry charge and drill, followed by a potato race. Tho contestants iu this race were Trumpeter Lamm,. Corporal WilBOn, and Privates Hender? son, Hartman and Maxey. Buckets with 48 potatoes were placed ut ono point, and the competitors wert provided with sharp sticks with which to se euro potatoes from bucket and try to ride and place them in their owu buckets ninety feet distant. Striking opponents' stickrt allowed. Private Maxey was the wiuner of the first prize of $3.00 in this contest, with Corporal Wilson winner of the second prize of $2.00. A pretty exhibition of mount? ed fencing was given by Pri? vates Boiler and Younger, fol? lowing tho potato race. Pri Contlnoed on page 4. Great Wealth Lying Undeveloped In East ern Kentucky. By Wghtmaa I>. ltoberU. Tho extensions of railroads into tho mountain counties of Eastern Kentucky and the development of their physi? cal resources is of great com? mercial importance to tho peo plo of Keutucky ami to all manufacturing and trading sections iu the Ohio Valley; but, going iuto a populated country und developing the people is a subjoct of greater mterest ami one that concornB people everywhere. And, from this angle of vision, a counter? part of conditions in Eastern Kentucky exist nowhere?cor tainly not in the United State. In t h e counties of Pike, Lotchor, Kuott, Porry, Leslie, Harlan, Boll, Clay, Hrcathitt, Owsloy and others are a people ?an element?who bear as lit? tle relationship to modern so? cial and commercial life as did tho valley and coastal inhabi? tants of this country a century ago. Many of the burdens and hardships of pioneer life uro still theirs. Long isolation has produced the inevitable results of isolation?illiteracy and con i sequent evils. Mow may personal and so? cial efficiency b e developed among all the people of Eastern Kentucky who are now coming into close physical touch with tho current of modern life:1 How is the development of the physical resources of East? ern Kentucky to bo of practical advantage to tho native dwel? lers there and to the people of Kentucky as a whole? What part in this work of development is going t o be tukeu by Kenluckians themsel? ves. la Nelihbor State. Before taking up these ques? tions categorically, 1 am going to call attention to what has taken place in developing the mining industry of Virginia and West . Virginia. For, un? less the people of Keutucky be? come alive to tho situation, their oxporionces will bo the same. Excepting small groups of men tho people of those States have had litlloor uo part in the groat devolopmont that has taken place. Practically every dollar that has gone into coal mining in the States of Vir? ginia and West Virginia was outside money ;practicullyall the millions of dollars worth of mining equipmont and supplies, including merchandise a n d foodstuffs for men and animals, now goes into the mining re? gions of those States front be? yond tho Ohio Rivor, and prac tically all the seventy-odd mil? lions tons of coal mined annu? ally goes beyond their boundries to be used. Moreover, practi? cally all the coal mined iu these States Is by foreign labor, and a large part of tho money paid for wages finds its way every year into foreign countries, where it will stay. Vast Material Wealth. In the Eastern Kentucky coal field, now being developed, there i s about 12,000,000,000 tons of coal to be mined. Let us see if we can get n concreto idea of what that means. Ono billion tons, loaded into forty foot, forty-ton railway pars, would make up a train lSO,303 miles long, or over seven times the distanco nround tho world. Therefore, tho total of twelve billions of tons would make up a train ovor two and a quarter million miles long, or more than nine times the tlistence between the earth and the moon. Ail the gold that has over been mined in the world would not equal the value of this coal at olny $1 a ton. In these Eastern Kentucky counties there is approximately 2,000,0000,000 feet of standing hardwood timber. There is, also, close to 600,000 horse pow? er undeveloped iu the Big Sandy, Cumberland, Kentucky and Red Rivera; and along these rivers and their tributary streams are not less, probably more, than 500,000 acres of fer? tile farm and trucking lands. And on tho slopes of the moun-i tains aro many acres more than that which will yield great crops of apples and other fruits which, among ttie people who must, in years to come, work out the great coal veins shown in the accompanying illustra? tion will find an eager markot. From the foregoing it will be seen that here is a great accum? ulation of material wealth, and i t implies a correspondingly greatcapacity to use it. Wheth or it is used well or wasteful!)*; whether it developed or de stroyedjand whether tho native population shall develop along with the material things, these are to bo the tests of the great? ness of Kontuckian8?Bluegraas "I'ennyrilo" and mountainoor. For as they may solvo these problems, so Blind their future bo. Nor will they be unheeded us they work: tho whole nation will watch them and, I might say, students of race progress throughout the world will note the fact that Kenttickinus aro demonstrating tho greatness of human mind and hoart?if thoy do, if they do! It i s clearly evident that merely tunneling mountains and taking out loads of coal which go into other States or to the seacoast, as is now the case iu tlio Virginians, will not ho developing Kentucky. That is exploitation, nothing more. It is n dissipation of capital, so far as tho residing population of Kentucky is concerned, Hut, while this is true, tho consum? ing power now iu the State for thu products o f these newly opened mountain counties is so small that, without outside maikets, the capital necessary for the construction of tho rail? roads and tho opening of tho coal beds could not have been obtained. A homo (Kontucky)] market for even a small per? centage of Kontucky coal iH yet to be created; a homo grown supply for the workers in Ken? tucky's mines ib yet lo be un? dertaken; home-manufactured equipment f or Kentucky'b mines is yet to be provided for, and the development of the peoplo iu those counties to a point of individual nnd social efficiency where they can en joy real livingness iH yet to come. Day 01 lusolallon Pant. Tb oho Kentucky moun? taineers huvo virility. They are vastly superior lo the undesirable classes of tlio groat cities. If tho population of the world were reduced to these mountniueera there would be ultimate civilization and refine? ment. And if it overcame to a contest for a survival of tho fit? test botween tho two, tho Ken tuck ians would bo to thorn us tho Scourge of Uod. Hut, sur rounded as thoy are now by u wonderfully a o u t e and re? sourceful pooplo and coming into a world of life and move? ment with which they are wholly unacquainted, t h o y must lie educated in Ihn know ledge and ways of modern life or become merely drift wood, for their d a y h of isolation aro passed. Thoy are no longor ''fossils among tho hills," as John Fox, Jr., somowhoro speaks of thorn. It need not, I think, be ox pected that there will bo great self-evolved, spontaneous social and but little, if any, personal development of ellioncy among tho mountaineers of Kastorn Kentucky. Whatever there is to bo of this must accrue from outside influences. And it is manifestly the duty of persons who can ascertain conditions among them to help in their social and personul evolution. For, under present conditions, they are in a way detached strands in thu sociul fabric of the nation. They uro without experience iu any industrial occupation, save logging-off the timbered mountain sideB and even that iu a most de? structive way; they have prac? tically no ideas of farming or fruit culture or trucking, and while the dwellers in tho little mountain hamlets, some of them, welcome the capital which is coming in from out? side to develop coal property, the main thought is to acquire nil they can at the outset of the money that outsiders bring. During several years' rest Continued ou page t. ? Bcverly Swanson. Prominent Pittslyvania Lady Becomea The Bride of West Virginian. The marriage of Miss Sarah Arche Swunson to Mr. Frank C. Beverly, of Blueflold, West Virginia, was solemnized at "Keatmoro," Whitmell, Vu., tho liome of the bride's parent*. Mr. und Mrs. Frank Arohor Swunson on Thursday evening at sovon o'clook, Uov. James T. Moore, of Norfolk, assisted by Uov. (Jranvillc King perform? ing tho ceremony. Miss Oeorgio Swansea, of South Carolin:!, was maid of honor for her oousiu and Mr. W. St. Davis was beBt .man. Tho ribbons were can led by Cay no Norman, niece of tho bride and William Prittchott, cousin of tho same. To the strains of Mendels? sohn's Wedding March charm? ingly rendered on tho piano by Mrs. John Edward Swauson, sister of the bride, Messers. John 1'. Swauson, and William B. (Juorrant, of Danville, who acted us ushers, procodod the bridal party to the alter; next iu order came the mnid of hon? or, clad in a dainty creation of white and currying a bouquet of white carnations. Woaring a gown of white chiffon with crystal trimmings over messa lino, her veil caught with lilies of tho valley and carrying a shower bouquet of sweet peas und lilies of the valley, tho bride entered on the urm of her brother and procoedod to an improvised alter where she was joined by the groom and best man und the impressive cere? mony of the Methodist Church wus pronottuced. The color scheme of white and green was tustefully cur? ried out in the hall, purlors and dining room and the soft light from numerous waxeu candles lout bounty and lovoliuoss to the Bcoyo. An elegant pro-nuptial dinner was served the bridal party and aftor the ceremony the guests were ushered into tho (lining room where delicious refresh? ments consisting of salads, ices, etc., were r.orved by Misses l^ouiso Pritohott; Belle Norman and Ann Muse, of Bristol. The wedding gifts were n timorous and costly and attest? ed the popularity of the con? tracting parties. The brido is a lady of rare culture and refinement and theso attributes combined with a magnetic personality render her exceptionally attractive The groom is a son of the Old Dominion, desonded from a prominent family and holds a responsible position with tho Norfolk and Western railroad, At ten o'clock, having douned traveling suits, Mr. and Mrs. Beverly, amid a shower of rice, onterod a car and wore driven to tho railway station at Dan? ville whore they took the train for Washington, Now York, Al? bany, and othor Northern cities; they will be at home to their friends at Bluoileld, West Vir? ginia, after July fifteenth.? Dnnvillo Register. Church Dedication. Rev. J. VV. Rader attonded tho Knoxville Diatrict Confer? ence held at Fountain City, Teno., recently and in Com? pany with Mra. Rader and Bishop Kilgo, wont toTnzowell, Tonn., where on the 5th Satur? day in June Bishop Kilgo preached and dedicated the new Methodist Episcopal Church, South, which cost about live thousand dollars. The building is constructed of stone and is very attractive. Before the sermon Bishop Kilgo baptised tho little son of Mr. and Mtb. Rader, John William, Jr., ho being the first to receive baptism in the new church. Miss Laura T?te, of Bast Stone Gap, who had charge of the Junior grades of graded i school hero the pant year, ar? rived here yesterday.? Whites (burg i?agie.