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The Big Stone
VOL. XX. Post S?^9_NE_GAP. WISE COUNTY, VA.. WEDNESDAY. SEPTEMBER 4. \9\2? No. 38 Remarkable Bed of Coal Being Mined on Roaring Fork by Blackwood Coal & Coke Company. The- Bluckwood Coal ami Coke Company, whoso general office ia at Bluckwood, Wise County, Virginia, uro now miu iiiK ;i remarkable bod of coul cafied the"Parde6." Thin Hold is located in tho northwest part 0f Wise county, Virginia, und Southeast part of hotelier, county, Kentucky, in the Big Black Mountain range of the Appalachian Bystem, und iH about twelve miles northeast of Appalachia, Wise county, Vir? ginia, the terminal point of the Virginia & Sotithwoatorn Rail? road Company, which ia owned und controlled by the Southern Kailwav Company? The Wearing Fork Kailrotu! in connection with the Inter? state ltuilrouil in in operation to tin' Untiring Kork mine of the Black wood Coul und Coke Com? pany's plant at Roaring Fork, Va. The Interstate Railroad connects at Appalneluu with :lii' Louisville & Nashville K. R., anil at Norton with the N. & \V., and the Kouring Fork connects with the L. N. ut Blackwood, thus insuring com? petition and in consequence, low.freight rates, The proper? ty extends to the Poor Fork of the Cumberland River of Ken. lucky, and is very mountainous and ih drained in Wise county, Va.. by i'ot Camp Fork and Roaring Fork, which empties Into Hoarding Fork of Powells River. In Letoher county, by Smith* Creek und Franks Creek the Poor Fork of tho Cumber? land. The Big Black Moun? tain is the dividing line between Virginlaand Kentucky, the low? est ih nhoiit 3,ooo foot above tid<;, hut the surrounding sum? mits reach un olevntion as high as 3,800 feet above tide. The property is well timbered and consists of several kinds of oak, chestnut, birch, poplar, maple, etc., and the Black wood Coal und Coke Company huvo erect id a modern and up to dale light foot band mill to saw the ? r tit I'ardeo Junction, Va. I'hifi mill will turn out approxi mately a million feet per month. The mill machinery was furn? ished bj Clark Bros., of Bel itiont, N. V., thu log loader he? ilig a Nu. id Burnhart, made hy the Marion Stettin Shovel Co., 0( .Marion Ohio. The 72 ton Hluiy geared locomotive which brings the logs from the woods to the mill on lumber cars made by W. Oliver Mfg. Co.,of Knox ville, Tenn, The section is particularly valuable, on ac? count of tho tiiie I..-i- of coul which it contains, and as the coal forming the ranges of the Appalachian Vally were deposi? ted upon tho sea bottom, they must havti originally extended in horizontal Inyors. At the present, howovor, tho beds are usually not horizontal, but In? cline ut various angles from where it appours at tho surface. The beds of this property that ore being developed are tho Taggart, I'ardeo, High Splint, the beds dipping approximate? ly -! per cent west. The Tag? gart has been thoroughly pros? pected over all tho property, and was found in excellent con? dition both physically and chemically and is about 1* feet thick. The analysis of this coul shows, MoiBturo 0.05, Vol. Mat tor :i7 7'.*, Fixed Corbin 55.!U, Mh 5.42. This bed is oponed at an elevation of 2,358 feet above tide, and therefore con? tains a very large acreuge. The I'ardeo bed is n phenom? enal one, and Prof. J. M. Ilodge, Geologist of the Kentucky Geo? logical Survey, pronounced it "a wonderful deposit." 11 averages 10 feot 4 inches in thickness, and the coal is prac !l ally clean and free from part logs, with a good tloor nnd a fundstono top. Analysis of Booth, Gnrett & Blair shows the following. Moisture.3.31 Volatile. 85.74 *'iM*l Carbon. 68.83 Ash. 3.18 This bed is opened at an ele Salpbni, I'hostiliortta B. T. U. 0.00 ll.OOt .14832 votion of 2744 feet above tide, ami it was necessary to run to coal down an incliue about 1, 200 feet in length. The coal is let down in the cars as it comes from the mine by an eight foot spool drum made by the San ford Day Iron Work?, Kuox ville. Tonn. The mine cars are made by the same people and are of 120 cubic foot capacity, or approximately three tons. Three cars are let down the in ellno at a time with a li inch 6x18 plow steel rope, and from the foot of the incline a tram road about 0000 feet in length on :t per cent descending grade. The coal is moved by a 12-ton Aimor Plato Motor, made by Jeflrey Mfg. Co , Columbus, < ?hio. The tipple is arranged with Phillips cross over dump, and the screening appnratus made by \VYJ. Suvago it Co., Knox ville, Tonn., consists of shaker bar screens, operated by a 2(i II. P. Motor. The nut und slack passes through 2-inch shaker hars, the egg through ?Vilich, and the block over the f> inch. The hars aro ko arranged that they car. easily be changed so as to screen any size of coal the market demands. The power house is built of light colored brick, as is also the boiler house, the power is obtained from tsx2ix;iu Com? pound Vertical A utomatic, Church, Korr, Wostinghouso engine, direct connected with 000 volt 1). 0. 228 K. \V. Gener? ator. The boiler house contains two 72x18 150 II. P. return tu? bular boilers, made by the Houston Stand wood \- Gamble Co., Cincinnati!, a boiler feed pump, made by John Mellow an Co., Cincinnati!, a Warren. Webster 1600 II. P. feed water heater, the exhaust from tin power house engine going into this heater and heating the water 212 degrees V. The poouliartiy o f Pardee coal, is that it burns absolutely without a clinker, giving com bustion, the fusiug tempera, turu of the ash being 2711) de? grees P. It is simply impossi? ble for this coal to clinker, and therefore it is an ideal fuul. The coal is under cut to the depth of 0 and 7 feet by JetTroy 28-A shortwall machines, and in the course of thirty days will be loaded in the mines by a shoveling machine manufac? tured in Knox ville by The Con? tract Shoveling Co., Inc. The coul is very'hard, lumps nicely and is great stocker. In the de? velopment work a large amount of the coal was thrown on the ground and after four years' exposure it showed but very little disintegration. The High Splint be.l lying approximately at an elevatiou of ii.OOO feet above tide, aver? age it feet in thickness, is now being developed, and is also a high grade fuel. The High Splint bed is probably the high? est of the thick beds workuble coals, it is a splint of unusually good character and in the win? ter of 1802 and 1893, two sec? tions of this coal were taken from this bed and placed on display, one in ,1m Virginin, and the other in the Kentucky oxhibit of tin- World's Pair at Chicago,111.These sections worn taken from the outcrop not more than 20 feet under cover The coal thrown out for mak? ing the entry for that purpose was necessarily wasted, thir? teen years afterwards thiB wast? ed coal, which had been expos? ed to the weather throughout the period, was apparently uti injured by reason of such expo sure. Typical analysis of same j Iis. Moisture. ?.68 Volatile. . MM KUwl Carbon. 68.61 Aah. M? I Sulphur.M ! 11. T. U.1*1? At Koaring Fork, Va., the Blackwood Coal and Coke Com? pany is mining the celebrated Had Bird steam coal, average analysis shows. Moisture . 1-28 Volatile Matter. W.W Carlsm. SO.62 Aah... I-*" Sulphur. 0.07 I'hosphorua. (?009 II. T. I. 161? This mine is also olectrically I operated, and the coal is under? cut with.left*roy 28 A Shortwall 1 Machines. ?Knoxville Trade Journal. J. C. Bowen, of Tazewell, (was iu town one day last week. Mr. Slemp Nominated at Bristol for' Congress Over His Protest. Bristol; Tonn., Aug. 28.?At) the conclusion of the stormiest | convention in the Ninth dis? trict in recent yeurs, l.jld hero today, ihn Ke|iublicans tonight roiiominuted C. Hascomb Slemp. The excitement und wranglu, hinting for neurly two hours, was due to an olTbrt to have the name of Slemp withdrawn from tho convention, due to tho fact that three telegrnmu wore re? ceived from him during tho day in which ho stated that ho did not feel physically equal to tho task, owing to Iiis strenuous duties of the past two or three yenrs, which had threatened his health. During the prolonged discus? sion, which continued until 10:30 o'clock tonight, tho Bull Mooses made efforts to bring about the nomination of Dr. J. [ M. Dougherty, of Scott county, IIis nomination wus seconded by several countiim and efforts were made to stampede tho convention in his behalf. But for the fact that tho Slemp men would not withdraw the name of the congressman, Dougherty might have won. ll had been plain throughout the day that the hope of the ad? ministration men lay in Slemp, that he could combine their votes with enough of tho Moos? es to win. When, at 11:00 o'clock tonight it seemed to be the fact that Slemp's name wus to remain before the conven? tion, there was no further doubt what the result wus to be and ouly one ballot was ne? cessary. Slemp received on this ballot, 408 of a total of 674 votes, while Dougherty received IKi 1-2 votes. Slemp's nomina? tion was then, upon motion of Robert A. Anderson, of Smyth county, made unanimous. Dr. Dougherty was called | upon for a speech and he re? sponded promptly, pledging his nearly support, personally, to I Slemp, but at the same lime saying that lie will cast his voto for Roosevelt i u November. His speech was received with deafening cheers when be an? nounced that he will support Slemp ami with even a moro noisy demoiibtratiou when he declared for Roosevelt. The following numuB wen? placed before the convention as candidates of counties, follow, ing the wrangle over whether Slemp's nuine should be with? drawn: C. B. Slump, of Wise county, Dr. S. M. Dougherty, of Scott couuly. (JharleuS. Pen dleton, of Scott county; Goorgo| W. Litz, of Wise county: J. Williamson McGuvock, o f Wythe county, a u d former State Senator Roland K. Chase, of Dickinson county. Mr. Mc Gavock's name was not voted upon after he made his state? ment on the Hoar: "1 would I rather see Slemp nominated | and re-elected than to go my self to the United States senate I or be elected presideut t o n | thousand times." Beautiftl Dance. Mrs. 0. P. Blanton gavo a very delightful dance on last Wednesday night at Collier Hall lti honor of her cousin, Miss Fern Minor, of Birming? ham, and Miss Kuth McCluen, of Bristol. Those dancing were: Misses Margaret Bullitt, Carolyne Uhouds, Ann MeCormiok, of Etowah, Tenn., Lillian Lloyd,! Anna Agee, Fern Minor, Vir-j ginia Beverley, Josophino Kel? ly, Emily Bullitt, of Louisville, Sarah Cochran, Jessee McCor kle, Ruth and Clara Rucker, of Washington. Messrs. W. H. Polley, J. A. Goodloe, J. W. Gaut, Harry Price, Dr. Bowyer and Mr.Finney.of Stonega.Sam McCluen, R. R. CaBper, B. E. Furgorson, Frank Gaut, of Bris? tol, George Moore, Byron Rhoads, Curtis Campbell, C. Hollenbech, G. G. McPheron and Vivion Mouser. Between dances delicious sandwiches and punch was served. Senator Martin Defends Vir? ginia Tells the Senate She. could Have Better Rosds if She Could Collect What the Government Owes Her. Criticisms of Virginia roads, especially those from Washing? ton to Arlington and Mount Vernon, wore voiced by Seuu tor McCumber in the senate to? day in a speech in which ho was attacking proposed amend? ments to tho poBtoQico appro, priation bill providing for fed? eral and tlnuncial aid for build? ing roads. Senator McCumber admitted the bad condition of the roads in many states and expressed the opinion that tho states themselves ought to get busy and make highway improve? ments. Senator Martin, o f Virginia, asked if Mr. McCum? ber had any states in particu? lar in mind. "I Bhould liko," replied Mr. McCumber, "to be able to ride on u good road from hero to Arlington national ocmotory. To this slap at Virginia, Mr. Martin retorted that tho United States owed tho Old Dominion money that had been contribute ed to Uncle Sam to enable him to establish tho seat of govern? ment in the "Village" ofWashk ington. "If the United States owes money to Virginia," Senator McCumber recommentod, "I hope it will he paid and that Virginia will be allowed to do with it whut the State pleases. Hut 1 urn opposed to taxing tho people of North Dakota for building a road between Wash? ington and Mount Vernon. "I would like to be able some time to drive to the home of the Father of .His Country , but there is no road available, I menu no road lit to travel over most of the year." "Wo dedicated to tho purpose the debt which the United States owes to the Stale of Vir? ginia," replied Senator .Mai tin There are many miles of good, macadam roads, continued Mr. Martin, and much money is bo iug spent annually by the State for the inproveinent of its rouds. In one county, lie said, a bond issue of $2,000,000 has. been au? thorized to improve the roads. "We are simply asking, the national government to help us in the work which we are uow doing," he concluded.?Wash? ington Star. Young Mr. Reeder Entertains On Friday night Andrew Heeder entertained u number of the youngor set with a danc? ing party at his beautiful home on Poplar Hill. Music was furnished by the Taylor Orchestra and dancing was enjoyed until u late, hour, after which lunch, consisting of sulad, ico cream, cake and candy was served. Among those jireaout were: [Misses Huby kemper, Annu ! Agee, Huth 1'reBcott, Hellen jDalv, of Terra Haute, Marga? ret 1'ettitt Carolyne Rhonda, .Jute Uullitt, Louise Good loo and Josephine Kelly. Messrs. Vivion Mouser, Creed Kelly, John A. Qoodloe, George Rhoads, Henry McCormick, Carlisle Skeon, Byron Rhoads and Rowland Kemper. Owing to a alight delay in getting in bridge steel the track laying gang did not cross the bridge at Lewis Hocks until last Monday. The steel will easily reach Mouth of Hock, house and maybe cross the bridge above that place this week. Hurry up and get to town. We need yo. ? Whiten burg Kagle. Miss. Janie Sletup, sister of Congressman Slemp, was a vis tor in Bristol Wednesday es route from Chilhowie, Va., where she has been visiting Miss Virginia Qreever, to her [home at Big Stone Oap, Va.? I Bristol Harald Courier. "Debauching The Electorate." One A. P. Strother, of Pear, islmrg, is quoted iu Sunday's! Roanoke Times as sayiug be? fore a Republican mass-meet ing in Giles county "that ho regretted that Virginia should bo dragged down iu slime and tilth by a certain judge Doing accused of contributing to tho campaign fund to debauch the manhood of his district anil then afterwards persecuting tho poor devils." The reference is evidently to Judge Skuen, whom, wo believo has nover been "accused", but has said openly and freely of his own accord that he has con? tributed to the campaign funds of hin party, like hundreds of otbor honorable ami rospecta bio men have dono and uro do? ing today. Judgo Skeon be? lieves in Democratic principles with an. ardor, that is almost religious in its nature. So be? lieving, cvepresumo that he has contributed of his meuns for years to the end that Democrat? ic principles might triumph. To say or to hint that ho has ever contributed to such funds for the purpose of intimidating or bribing voters is to utter a monstrous falsehood against a sincere man and an able and upright judgo. According, to Mr. Btrothor's view of tho matter, ovory man who contributes to a campaign fund does bo for the purpose of debauching the electorate. Pro? bably, that is Mr. Strother's foot? ings and experience so far as lie is individually concerned, but hie accusatiou dues not lit other men of moral discrimina? tion and whose activities .are not devoted entirely to peanut politics. Mr. Strother has a perfect right to measure hia own corn by his'own half-bushel, but ho cannot apply.the same inoastire to other men. especially to men of Judge Bkoen'a character and standing.?Wise Virginian. Campbell And Irvine To Canpaign For Aycrs. Hon. Preston \V. Campbell, of Abingdon, who wus tempo? rary chairman of the conven? tion held in Bristol iu March, which nominate.I General R. A. Ayers, of Big Stone Gap, us tho Democratic candidate for Congress, was a visitor iu Bris? tol Thursday. Mr. Campbell stated that bl? and Hon. K. Tale Irvine, of Big Stone Gap, would take the stump for Wilson und Ayers next week'and that they would open in Leo county. "Ayers is a winner in my judgment," declared Mr. Camp? bell. "There is great enthusi? asm among tho Democrats ami we will have the assistance of many w h o have heretofore VOted the Republican ticket. but who are insurgents this year. A spleudid organization is being perfected and I believe that General Ayers will be elected to congress." Mr. Campbell said that a great crowd would he at Ab? ingdon, September 2:t to grout Henry C. Stuait, who speaks thero on that day in behalf of General Avers,?Bristol Herald Courier. Relic from Pound Gap. Mr. Albert Jenkins sends us a piece of timber from the Pound Gap breast works, built by<the Boys in Gray iu 1801. He directs us to deliver tho relic to Major S. P. McConnoll. In his letter he says he thinks that Ml JJ McConnell and George C. Peters helped build the breast works. The works are on the Kentucky side somo thirty steps from the Virginia lino.?Gate Oity Herald. I WANTED. CZfYMINiCRS wanted by Btonegap Colliery Com? pany, Glamorgan, Va. Steady work. Highest price pot ton paid in the district. Healthy camp. Excellent water. School and church facilities. Stonegap Colliery Co. 130. J. S. CHBVMEV, Qco'l Sup The Bond Issue. There is no question but that Wise County will have to issue more bonds to complete our system of public roads. Tho present money avnilable for that purpose will not near ma? cadamize ail the main roads now graded, and it would be folly to leave these ungraded roads unmacadamizoa. In spooking of this proposition the Appalachia Progressive in its last issue vory aptly says: "The proposition for a furth? er bond issuo to complete the roads already provided for by the Supervisors seems reasona? ble, and should appeal to the voter. What you do at all, do well, is a good axiom, and the big expenditure already voted by the tax-payers should be re? garded as an investment and oo snfo guarded by every possi? ble mcaus. It could not be foreseon that the great sum voted would be inadequate, but now as it is demonstrated, tho hotter policy is to conservo and make servicablo to the people tho ronds already began, and which must remain unfinished and at least partially useless unless subvened by another ap? propriation. That some of the money has been wasted, goon without saying, but you nave been getting an education in roads that you havo never had beforo, and tho waste will be more carefully guarded against hereafter. "Your neighboring counties of Tazowoll, Kussel! ami Leo uro in tho snmo situation, but we hear nothing said about "stooping" road building. "Even with another boud is? sue, tho interest and sinking fund will bo as nothing com? pared to the bontlts secured di? rectly from the road and in the increased value of your proper? ties. To tho rich man the small incroaso in tax will bo a bega tolle, and to the very poor man it will afford good employment and opportunities which no has never enjoyed. All should vote for it bond issue sutliciont to complete the schedule outlined by the Supervisors." Currier-Vicars. Miss Hnzol Currier, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. \V. M. Ourrler, of Ashville, IN. C .and Mr. Kd wnrd Vicars, of Wise, sprang a huge surprise on their many friends in this section last weok when it became known they were mit-tly married at the bride's home the previous week. The young lady's father was formerly located at (ilatnorgau where he was interested in a big lumber corporation, and the groom is a sou of Mr. and Mrs. O. M. Vicars, of Wise. The Post joins u host of friends in wishing them "bon voyage." Children's Home Society Agent Here. ltov. E. Vi Kuhle, of Abing don, financial secretary of the Children's Homo Society of Virginia, was in town last week in the interest of the society, which was organized for and is conducting a work meriting, high praise and ? tho support of evory true Virginian who feels nit interest in the unfortunate outcust and orphaned children of this state. The Sooiety has been in existence many years and has placed many orphans and children whose parent or parents woro conducting im? proper lives, into homes, where they were adopted and brought up under proper inthienceB into true manhood and woman? hood.Some nre now holding on viablo positions of trust, even to that of a governor of a State. Isaac Whittalter, a bad char? acter in the Eastern Kentucky Mountains was shot through I the leg while trying to evade arrest at the hands of deputy i sheriff Ingrain, near Whites jburg, Ky., last week. Whitta ker had broken away from his guard some time ago, and offi? cer Ingram came upon him and ho ran a short distance, turned and commenced to throw rocks 1 when tho officer tired several J shots, one taking effect in the leg.