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The Big Stone Gap Post
VOL- XX' BIG STONE GAP. WISE COUNTY. VA.. WEDNESDAY*. OCTOBER.16, 1912. No. 42 NEW POWER SYSTEM Central Plant Going Up to Supply All Mines in Black Mountain Fields. It linn not been no lung ago that Sir William Ramsay, tlie distinguished English sei.?mist, pointed out that by making electric powor tit the month of the coal pit, a great saving in ! could be effected. It is in linti with Sir Williams's eon n.iis. though not exactly suggested by them, that there now is in progress in South ? rn Virginia, theconstruc ? m of an enterprise which its projectors believe will not only demonstrate that power can be ii kIii on the spot where the fuel is mined, and transmitted I,v wire at a tremendous saving msumers, hut that it will be demonstrated t It a t it is nuiclt cheaper to make electric? ity by the use of steam, than to generate it by water power. The cost of transportation is a most important factor in the : nf coal to the consumer. Where the owner of the mine i dollar for his product, the railway is likely to get from ;.. dollar and a half up for earri ao that the fuel for a steam ctric plant ordinarily makes the production of electricity more expensive by this means than where water power i s to turn the dynamos. The owners o f the Black Mountain coal fields in Virgin la ;ire building at St. Charles, I ?County, V? , which is in the center of that mining dis . a big powor station. Tri in irily it is to he a central sta t n to furnish electricity to the .us mines. There are seven or eight of these coal mining rations in the Heids, each with its own power station foi electricity plays an impor taut part in coal mining, and ? yoar there will probably be that many more going. Kueli electric stution requires ongi iin rs. electricians and liremen. A central plant will effect a Breul saving not only in wages, in olher ways. The ecu lr;il station was decided to be necessary, and when that bad linen determined upon, it was ili iilcd to go further, i 'no of the owners of the com I had at one time manifest? cd u great interest in water Ho had in mind a river which seemed to have possibil? ities He employed engineers to look over the lay of the ground and to prepare specifi? cations for a dani, sluices, and it complete power plant. I lien he invited contractors to make b i d s. The lowest turned i n was for $050,000. This looked expensive. He wanted about 8,000horsepower, which seemed about the capaci ly the water from the river could furnish. Before going id he decided to make tests of the stream for a year, to BOe what sort of supply of water he could count upon. When a ight came late in the sum in r. i he stream shrank to small proportions, anil it was shown tliat he could not count upon ng more than 1,000 horse ef from his river during the months of July and August. I hen he decided to look into ?team. bor a plant of identically the ii m e horsepower, electrical inachinory and all, the only difference being that the second t v.;is to use steam for driving the electric generators instead if water, he discovered he would have to spend over $100, u difference of at least in the initial cost of tin plant. Six per cent, of this, lie reasoned, was $33,000, yearly rest on the the extra cost of "is bydro-eleotrio plant, which be reckoned, aside from ?lie extra capital invested, as livnlent to an added yearly coat of operating the more cost? ly plant. > he result was that when the ''?lack .Mountain coal people de? ckled to build u central station,! they determined to go in also i for the manufacture of olectric i 't) to sell. They figured that '['flat the mouth of one of their mines cost them less than ?- 1 ton, elietricity can bo pro- j duced by the use of Bteam more! cheaply than by water power. The new plant is being con? structed on the unit system, and it is said that it can he en? larged indefinitely. The towns of Knoxville and Bristol tire within na y reach, and it is figured Out that electricity can be generated and delivered to them much more cheaply than it can he turned otlt on the spot. The new central station is to he in operation early in January, in next year, and it will he cu pable, it is said, of turning ottt s o v a r al hundred thousand horsepower. Through most of the country bordering on tie- mountains and stretching down into South Carolina and Georgia, tho Southern Power Company and many other enterprises have been building hydro electric plants and covering the country with power transmission lines. The Black .Mountain poople say they tire not comming into ri? valry with the water power plants, hut will complement them. Among those interested in the enterprise are C. M. War? ner of 79 Wall Street, C. 11. Zehnder, of 110 Cedar Street, tho Sandfdrds of Knoxville, Teiin., ('apt. A. K. Lucas, of Washington, 1). ('., Bew.loj & Durst, and Benjamin L. Dtita ney.of Bristol,Teiin. Mr. Dulaney, who is at the Waldorf, said yesterday: "You will lind that mir.ty hy? dro-electric companies have to build auxiliary steam plants," he said, "because of the irregu? larity of the How nf water in many streams. Then, too, the further you gel away from your power station in transmit I ing your electricity,.the weaker is the current. The electricity, wo propose to furnish will coin plcmcnt the electricity of the water-power companies. W e shall he auxiliaries, not rivals. It will he a sort of joining hands. "There is absolutely no limit to the power wo can eventually turn out tit St Charles, because units can he added as fast as needed to any extent, and in this respect, too, the steam plant has a great mlvan tage over the water plant.?New York Times. Road Work Progressing. The road work now being done in the vicinity of Cooburn ami in other parts of the conn ty is making good progress,and tho greatest complaint being hoard is that contractors can not lind all the men they need. The time is near at hand when more funds w ill be need? ed to make these much needed roads and put them in much better condition for winter, and for that reason we would like to have the Boanl of Supervi? sors ask for an order at once calling for an election for the additional bond issue in order that the road work will not have to bo delayed on account of funds. If the road from St. Paul to Norton by way of Coo? burn and Tacoma were now completed the people along that route would have hut little trouble in getting their produce to market. The people and the Board realize that to do this work right it will require an additional bond issue ami no time should be lost in voting the additional bonds. ? Coebum ?I ournul. E. H. Eulton Dead. Bluefield, (let. 11. 2 a. m.?K L. Fulton, a prominent alter, ney, of Wise, Va., died this morning at 1 :.'!;'> at 1 lotel Mat/., ibis city. He hail been in Blue-j Held since September 17th, more! or less sick. He had been suf? fering with fever a week, but! bis illness was not regarded as serious until within the last, three days. His father, and mother were with him when ho died. Mr Fulton was 32 years old. He practiced law in Wise with his father, the tirm being Pul? ton it Pulton. His father is Judge ID. M. Pulton. Resolutions Of The Wise County Teachers' Association, Norton, Va., October, 3-5, 1912. Resolved, 1st, thnt wo lender our most Bincere than lea to the otttoera and members of the1 Norton Baptist Church for the use of their House <>f Worship I in which to hold our evening sessions. 2nd,.to Miss Boyuolds ami the other members of the Bap list choir for their rendition of delightful musical selections. 3rd, to all other members of the congregation who, in any way, contributed to the success of the conference. We, the teachers of Wise county, assembled in tho ca pacity of tho Wise County Teachers Association, believ? ing that our present Sept. .lames N. Uiilman, has faith? fully and efficiently performed the duties of Iiis Oftice, and be? lieving the best interest of our schools can he bent served by continuing him in office, do heartily endorse Iiis adminis? tration and unanimously recom? mend his roappointmont. Whereas, more than half the children of Wise county are in rural communities and enrolled in rural schools; ami whereas, these children are not getting their share of the money, ex pert supervision, or ofticieut in? struction, we believe that the country child should he given tie- kind of training that will leatl him to rem tin I lien- -the kind that will help the country people to become self support i u g, self-respecting, cllicicnt and intelligent citizens Therefore be it resolved, that wo deplore the condition of many of our rural schools, that we recommend the building of modern school houses, consoli? dating in tho country, wherever und whenever this w ill enhance the olllciency of the school ami the welfare of the children, that we favor creating a Uurai Supervisor, who shall h e a teacher selected 011 account of his or her fitness, in each Mag? isterial District, that we recom? mend that a greater number of better equipped teachers he em ployed in these schools, and that these teachers be required to teach the fundimentals of Domestic Science, Agrculttire and .Manual arts. Resolved further, that in or? der that the country children may always be represented, at least one ofthe three trustees in each Magisterial District, he selected from a rural commu? nity. Believing that the tendencies in the educational work of our county is to slight the primary and grammer grades for the High School department, there? fore recommend, that we, us a teaching body, discourage these tendencies by insisting upon the proper teaching force, ami by using every elTort to secure kindergartens in all our schools of four or more touch Ill Me in 01 in in Whereas, since our last meet? ing, it has pleased the great Creator of Heaven and earth to call to her reward our faithful, consecrated and efficient co worker, .Miss Lolia (Swing Beaty, and Whereas, Wise county bus lost from its teaching force the influence of a life that had just begun to live a life, whose faith in (led, hope in immortality and chairty for nil mankind will ovi r keep green her memo? ry in the hearts of those who have been associated with her either as pupils or fellow-work? ers. Therefore, be it resolved, 1st. That we how in humble sub? mission to the will of Almighty (lot) who doeth all things well, Second. That while we will miss her presence, we are glad that, this Association can point [to her service as being that of a true teacher, and. Third, that these resolutions he spread upon the minutes of this meeting, published in the Big Stone (lap I'est and also sent tho family, us nn expres? sion of our appreciation of her life, and with our deepest sym? pathy for them in their hour of bereavement. Sandy Valley & Elkhorn New Coal Road Fully Com? pleted from Shelby to Jcnking, Ky. The Sanity Valley St Klkhurn Railway, miles long from Shelby tn Jenkins; Ky., has been completed and will ho turned over ti> the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad Company which will operate the1 road in a few days. This new line wan con? structed jointly by the Consoli dation Coal Company and the Baltimore & Ohio Uailrond It IB Imilt in a superior manner with '.to pound rails to handle heavy coal traffic from the Klk horn mines of the coal compa? ny in the vicinity of Jenkins, which IB a new mining town built since tln> begining of eon struction on the railroad. The OOSl of the lino is said to have been about pfi,000,000, includ? ing its equipment of 2000 steel drop-bottom gondola e a r s. Laughorn & Langhorn of Rich? mond, Va , were the contract? ors, Connection is made with the Big Sandy line of the t'hesa puako ?V Ohio Railway at Shel? by , and the output of the mines is hauled over that road north word to a connection with the Baltimore & Ohio. The grades of the new road are easy, so that a heavy load can tie pulled by each locomotive. Although the railroad was not entirely Completed, the coal company has boon able to ship over it for about a month and has been sending out an average of jooo tons a day. T he extension of the Louis? ville & Nashville Railroad, which is coming into the min? ing region from the west, is ex? pected to be finished about De comber 1. There are already eight coal mines open, and when Ibis roio'. is ready live more mines will bo developed on its line. This extension is about '.mi miles long. Patrons Urged To Visit Schools. Richmond, Va., October 12.? On the lirst day of November appropriate exercises will he belli in every public school of Virginia, and citizens are urg? ed to visit the schools to observe Patrons' Day. In many localities our school buildings are in a deplorable condition. The houses are in tiad repair and the yards are grown with weeds. The people seem to take little interest in educational conditions. Teach? ers and parents ought to get acquainted, and a School Im? provement League shoubt bo organized for the purpose of improving the school. These things can he done on Novem? ber 1, if the parents will rally to i be help of the school. Last v> ar over 000 schools ob? served Patrons' Day; this year nearly every school in the State will do so. The teachers are working bard to make the day a success. Will you not visit your school on November 1? James M. Barr in Bristol. Rristol, Va., Oct. 11.?James M. BOrr, formerly at the bead of the Seaboard Air Line and president of the Jamestown Ex? position, was here Thursday evening, being en route for Norfolk, after a visit to the! Black mountain coal fields in Southwest Virginia. Mr. Barr has in ? recent years held an important interest in the coal deposits of Lee county, Virgin? ia; MED WANTBD. E^fi MIN HKS wanted by Stonegap Colliery Conti pany, Glamorgan, Va. stoady work. Highest price per ton paid in the district. Healthy I camp. Kxcellont wator. School and church facilities. Stonegap Colliery Co. 130. J. S. CHEYMEV. Oeo l Supl Associated Charities Treasurer's Statement, Oct. 10, 1911 to Oct. 1, 1912. ItECKUTS, B3dft.no? on band ? ?"?tu! l"rof. Young i ... I Dr. I.loyii a on Mr.. IVtir Wolfe 0 Mr. Craft I Mm. D, \ Uoodloe rt Mit? Vox Mra. Irvine Sin llnllltt Mr W I Smith Mr?. Mcl'ormlok I 00 j Mm. Hive* I ihm Un. It. li. Moriaon 501 Mr. .1 M Willi? IVO Mary Mori* (Colored) nil < 'lim Moriaon I no Btble Sebool 501 Vor l*ooi llniiM- Inveatlgation LIB Rummage Bales 13.10 Balance Red < '.to? Seal* 10.18 Method ist lUzaar '2.15 UtrtbiMllal Collection .. i tij Ohrte! i Ion. li Buiiday School .' Dil Rfitacopal Collection! ::o Unl?nOttureh Oolleotloa II.M Membership* 11 00 Total 1100 -i DISIUUSKM I. NTs lly Mr. ( raft 00 ?? Miss Klllrttt J 00 ?? Mm. Mi-INirmlnk i 00 Mr llodge 3 00 'l?o Mc. MulTlua ? Co i 00 " Wlae 1'riutlng < ? > i is ? l'oor Ilona? Investigation i in ?? Kuller linn |.8g '? NlekabiQrocery Co id ml " Nickel* lime || B01 ? 11 C \Vblfe . 1 iioo.Uo.' Uroa l " A. K. Mann IS ' It K. Kennedy l " W W. Taylor <b Sons t " .1 B. Cotlfer K?lly Drug ?'o ; " l:..ml>lon llnm C ? W It. KUbourn (I " Mm IV II Hamm I " /. I* Smith, (KCnt) U IMclaruA frame Prise) I ii Bi ti A r v it. it ?.?i| ?? I'oaLllauliug A Deliveries " Iti turn of mau from Catavrba 'i no Total llaii.gr) llalamre on haml ill n,% M KM liKltsii l P Prof ami Mr* Young Dr aiid Mrs Lloyd, Mr R.l'reseott,Mlss l> H. Mooro, Mr Uodge Mian Mi o.p. \l,- MoUor rulokj Mra W r. Smith, Mi ( raft Mi KleuiTotli, Mr, Koae Mr and Mrs i \\ Kox, Mr. Mr.'and Mrs .lolm Kux; Jr,, Miss Vxts Mr ami Mrs Nssh, Mr ami MtM. Kccler, Mrs Bkecn, Mr and Miv Irvine, Mr ami Mrs Biitberland, Mi \ K. Moriaon, Mrs s .\. Bailey, Mra Mary K Ktaloher Mrs D A Uoodloe Mr William. Mrs .1 ?V Uoodloe, Miss il.s.rgi.i Uoodloe, Mr. Murphy, Mis lleverley, Mr. ami Mis llnllitt, Mr. timl Mrs 11. K. VoXi Mr II It A,lams Mrs Btoehr, Mrs K .1. Present t, Mra Itlvea. I'orty loads of coal, amounting ti about ilnrty tons, were distributed lo twenty hbusaa J. M Hi ?UCK, Treaaurei The Need of Public Libraries] in Virginia. In tlio great work of aiding in tlie establishment und up? building of free public libraries at various points throughout the Blute of Virginia scurcely anything ut ull is being done. While tho public schools of Virginia have made great j strides under the wise and pro? gressive administration of Su? perintendent J. D. Kggleslon, Jr., the free public library lags behind and wo are forced to hung our heads in shame at the ridiculously small number| of public libraries in Virginia. It will be instructive tor the public at I trge to see how woe fully lacking we are in liabrd ries by u comparison with other | States; The State of Massachu? setts gives ?100in books to any town upon the establishment of a free public library. It wns decided to olfer thin inducement in 1890; and now there is a free library in every town in tin State. In 1903 there were only 24 towns in the Slate of New Hampshire which did hot have public libraries. In New Vor It two libraries organizers are busy devoting their time to the work of visiting and assisting in the establishment of libra? ries, and it is 'heir duty to visit every library at least once a year. Libraries in New York are under State supervision and are given financial aid when certain conditions are fulfilled. Wisconsin is another State which is doing line work for its rural population i u estub lishing ninny public libraries in every section of that com? monwealth; As Mr. W. M. Black, Libra? rian of Jones Memorial Public Library, of Lynchhtirg, said in his presidential address Novem Iber 20,1910. "The proposition which it is our intention to bring before tho people anil keep bringing until they real? ize its importance is, not to es tablish a new State Library Commission, but to enlarge the powers of the pros,'lit State Li brary Hoard so that its func? tions would not be only to have supervision ami control of the State Library Hoard so that its supervision and control of the St.ito Library with its traveling libraries a n d its legislative reference work, but that it may undertake also the great work of attempting to create libra? ries all over the State and to bring about in tin- Common - wualth of Virginia the same btate of affairs that exists in the Commonwealth of Massa? chusetts namely, that every town may have its own free public library." L'he work which the Library Association has maped out foi itself is to secure a library or? ganizer, whose duties will ho to aid and encourage the estab? lishment of libraries in every town throughout the State of Virginia. It is hoped that the next Legislature will appropri? ate money enough to carry on this work of creating free li? braries -for the "Public library is an integral part of public education," ami without the library system of education will never attain to that degree of excellence to which it has been brought in many State i. The association had introduced in tin' last Legislature a bill to secure this org niizer, tint not withstattdingtho faithful etforts of Dr .1 c Metcalf, President oi the Association, and others, the bill failed of passage. Tliii people throughout the state can render a great service if they will impress upon their representatives in the tleueral Assembly the great importance of this work, and urge them to start a movement which will inevitably result in bringing books within roach of every man, woman and child in Vir? ginia. -Southern Progress. First Aid Field Day. I'lans are rapidly being made for the great First Aid Pichl Day to be held in Kuoxville on the morning and afternoon of Saturday, < Ictober 20, under the auspices of the Society of Tennessee Mine (foremen of which Mr. K. P. Hnirat of Oli? ver Spriog.i, Tennessee, i s grand foreman. In the morning exercises con? sisting of music, speeches, lec? tures mid illustrations will he held in some auditorium of the main business section of Knox ville. In the afternoon the con? tests in Ural aid work by teams from the different mines will ho bebl, for which the Operators Association has gilal anteed one hundred and fifty dollars in cash prizes. These will be held at the ball park at Qhilhowee park on the National Conserve live Exposition grounds. It is hoped that a fare of one cent per mile will be secured on ih" railroads and that operators throughout the Kentucky Ten? nessee Held will declare tho day a holiday. Lev. Jarvis, of Big Stone I lap, entertained the people at the.church Sunday, lie is an able speaker and made bis ser? mon very interesting. The way he handled bis subject,"watch" showed bis ability to expound tiie scriptures. Tho word was analyzed and each letter dis OUSBed separately. The points brought out from each of the letters, "work," -"action," "thoughts," "company," and "calling" and the "heart" pro? duced a very striking effect on the audience. Those who missed this, missed a treat.?Jones ville Star. tleneral It. A. Ayers, demo? cratic candidate for congress, passed through Houaker Mon? day en route to Tazewell and Oraham where he addressed the citizens at each place,? Houaker Herald. Shoe Repair Shop. I am prepared to do all kinds [of shoe repairing in first class I and up-to-date style. My shop j is on Past Fifth Street in tho <old Senter stand, and 1 solicit ' your patronage. adv. W. H. Lawson.