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The Big Stone Gap post. [volume] (Big Stone Gap, Wise County, Va.) 1892-1928, October 16, 1912, Image 1

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The Big Stone Gap Post
Central Plant Going Up to
Supply All Mines in
Black Mountain
It linn not been no lung ago
that Sir William Ramsay, tlie
distinguished English sei.?mist,
pointed out that by making
electric powor tit the month of
the coal pit, a great saving in
! could be effected. It is in
linti with Sir Williams's eon
n.iis. though not exactly
suggested by them, that there
now is in progress in South
? rn Virginia, theconstruc
? m of an enterprise which its
projectors believe will not only
demonstrate that power can be
ii kIii on the spot where the
fuel is mined, and transmitted
I,v wire at a tremendous saving
msumers, hut that it will
be demonstrated t It a t it is
nuiclt cheaper to make electric?
ity by the use of steam, than to
generate it by water power.
The cost of transportation is
a most important factor in the
: nf coal to the consumer.
Where the owner of the mine
i dollar for his product,
the railway is likely to get from
;.. dollar and a half up for earri
ao that the fuel for a steam
ctric plant ordinarily makes
the production of electricity
more expensive by this means
than where water power i s
to turn the dynamos.
The owners o f the Black
Mountain coal fields in Virgin
la ;ire building at St. Charles,
I ?County, V? , which is in
the center of that mining dis
. a big powor station. Tri
in irily it is to he a central sta
t n to furnish electricity to the
.us mines. There are seven
or eight of these coal mining
rations in the Heids, each
with its own power station
foi electricity plays an impor
taut part in coal mining, and
? yoar there will probably
be that many more going. Kueli
electric stution requires ongi
iin rs. electricians and liremen.
A central plant will effect a
Breul saving not only in wages,
in olher ways. The ecu
lr;il station was decided to be
necessary, and when that bad
linen determined upon, it was
ili iilcd to go further,
i 'no of the owners of the com
I had at one time manifest?
cd u great interest in water
Ho had in mind a river
which seemed to have possibil?
ities He employed engineers
to look over the lay of the
ground and to prepare specifi?
cations for a dani, sluices, and
it complete power plant.
I lien he invited contractors
to make b i d s. The lowest
turned i n was for $050,000.
This looked expensive. He
wanted about 8,000horsepower,
which seemed about the capaci
ly the water from the river
could furnish. Before going
id he decided to make tests
of the stream for a year, to BOe
what sort of supply of water he
could count upon. When a
ight came late in the sum
in r. i he stream shrank to small
proportions, anil it was shown
tliat he could not count upon
ng more than 1,000 horse
ef from his river during the
months of July and August.
I hen he decided to look into
bor a plant of identically the
ii m e horsepower, electrical
inachinory and all, the only
difference being that the second t
v.;is to use steam for driving
the electric generators instead
if water, he discovered he
would have to spend over $100,
u difference of at least
in the initial cost of
tin plant. Six per cent, of this,
lie reasoned, was $33,000, yearly
rest on the the extra cost of
"is bydro-eleotrio plant, which
be reckoned, aside from
?lie extra capital invested, as
livnlent to an added yearly
coat of operating the more cost?
ly plant.
> he result was that when the
''?lack .Mountain coal people de?
ckled to build u central station,!
they determined to go in also i
for the manufacture of olectric i
't) to sell. They figured that
'['flat the mouth of one of
their mines cost them less than
?- 1 ton, elietricity can bo pro- j
duced by the use of Bteam more!
cheaply than by water power.
The new plant is being con?
structed on the unit system,
and it is said that it can he en?
larged indefinitely. The towns
of Knoxville and Bristol tire
within na y reach, and it is
figured Out that electricity can
be generated and delivered to
them much more cheaply than
it can he turned otlt on the spot.
The new central station is to he
in operation early in January,
in next year, and it will he cu
pable, it is said, of turning ottt
s o v a r al hundred thousand
Through most of the country
bordering on tie- mountains
and stretching down into South
Carolina and Georgia, tho
Southern Power Company and
many other enterprises have
been building hydro electric
plants and covering the country
with power transmission lines.
The Black .Mountain poople say
they tire not comming into ri?
valry with the water power
plants, hut will complement
Among those interested in
the enterprise are C. M. War?
ner of 79 Wall Street, C. 11.
Zehnder, of 110 Cedar Street,
tho Sandfdrds of Knoxville,
Teiin., ('apt. A. K. Lucas, of
Washington, 1). ('., Bew.loj &
Durst, and Benjamin L. Dtita
ney.of Bristol,Teiin.
Mr. Dulaney, who is at the
Waldorf, said yesterday:
"You will lind that mir.ty hy?
dro-electric companies have to
build auxiliary steam plants,"
he said, "because of the irregu?
larity of the How nf water in
many streams. Then, too, the
further you gel away from your
power station in transmit I ing
your electricity,.the weaker is
the current. The electricity,
wo propose to furnish will coin
plcmcnt the electricity of the
water-power companies. W e
shall he auxiliaries, not rivals.
It will he a sort of joining
"There is absolutely no limit
to the power wo can eventually
turn out tit St Charles, because
units can he added as fast as
needed to any extent, and in
this respect, too, the steam
plant has a great mlvan tage
over the water plant.?New
York Times.
Road Work Progressing.
The road work now being
done in the vicinity of Cooburn
ami in other parts of the conn
ty is making good progress,and
tho greatest complaint being
hoard is that contractors can
not lind all the men they need.
The time is near at hand
when more funds w ill be need?
ed to make these much needed
roads and put them in much
better condition for winter, and
for that reason we would like
to have the Boanl of Supervi?
sors ask for an order at once
calling for an election for the
additional bond issue in order
that the road work will not have
to bo delayed on account of
funds. If the road from St.
Paul to Norton by way of Coo?
burn and Tacoma were now
completed the people along that
route would have hut little
trouble in getting their produce
to market. The people and the
Board realize that to do this
work right it will require an
additional bond issue ami no
time should be lost in voting
the additional bonds. ? Coebum
?I ournul.
E. H. Eulton Dead.
Bluefield, (let. 11. 2 a. m.?K
L. Fulton, a prominent alter,
ney, of Wise, Va., died this
morning at 1 :.'!;'> at 1 lotel Mat/.,
ibis city. He hail been in Blue-j
Held since September 17th, more!
or less sick. He had been suf?
fering with fever a week, but!
bis illness was not regarded as
serious until within the last,
three days. His father, and
mother were with him when ho
Mr Fulton was 32 years old.
He practiced law in Wise with
his father, the tirm being Pul?
ton it Pulton. His father is
Judge ID. M. Pulton.
Of The Wise County Teachers'
Association, Norton, Va.,
October, 3-5, 1912.
Resolved, 1st, thnt wo lender
our most Bincere than lea to the
otttoera and members of the1
Norton Baptist Church for the
use of their House <>f Worship
I in which to hold our evening
2nd,.to Miss Boyuolds ami
the other members of the Bap
list choir for their rendition of
delightful musical selections.
3rd, to all other members of
the congregation who, in any
way, contributed to the success
of the conference.
We, the teachers of Wise
county, assembled in tho ca
pacity of tho Wise County
Teachers Association, believ?
ing that our present Sept.
.lames N. Uiilman, has faith?
fully and efficiently performed
the duties of Iiis Oftice, and be?
lieving the best interest of our
schools can he bent served by
continuing him in office, do
heartily endorse Iiis adminis?
tration and unanimously recom?
mend his roappointmont.
Whereas, more than half the
children of Wise county are in
rural communities and enrolled
in rural schools; ami whereas,
these children are not getting
their share of the money, ex
pert supervision, or ofticieut in?
struction, we believe that the
country child should he given
tie- kind of training that will
leatl him to rem tin I lien- -the
kind that will help the country
people to become self support
i u g, self-respecting, cllicicnt
and intelligent citizens
Therefore be it resolved, that
wo deplore the condition of
many of our rural schools, that
we recommend the building of
modern school houses, consoli?
dating in tho country, wherever
und whenever this w ill enhance
the olllciency of the school ami
the welfare of the children,
that we favor creating a Uurai
Supervisor, who shall h e a
teacher selected 011 account of
his or her fitness, in each Mag?
isterial District, that we recom?
mend that a greater number of
better equipped teachers he em
ployed in these schools, and
that these teachers be required
to teach the fundimentals of
Domestic Science, Agrculttire
and .Manual arts.
Resolved further, that in or?
der that the country children
may always be represented, at
least one ofthe three trustees in
each Magisterial District, he
selected from a rural commu?
Believing that the tendencies
in the educational work of our
county is to slight the primary
and grammer grades for the
High School department, there?
fore recommend, that we, us
a teaching body, discourage
these tendencies by insisting
upon the proper teaching force,
ami by using every elTort to
secure kindergartens in all our
schools of four or more touch
Ill Me in 01 in in
Whereas, since our last meet?
ing, it has pleased the great
Creator of Heaven and earth to
call to her reward our faithful,
consecrated and efficient co
worker, .Miss Lolia (Swing
Beaty, and
Whereas, Wise county bus
lost from its teaching force the
influence of a life that had just
begun to live a life, whose faith
in (led, hope in immortality
and chairty for nil mankind
will ovi r keep green her memo?
ry in the hearts of those who
have been associated with her
either as pupils or fellow-work?
Therefore, be it resolved, 1st.
That we how in humble sub?
mission to the will of Almighty
(lot) who doeth all things well,
Second. That while we will
miss her presence, we are glad
that, this Association can point
[to her service as being that of
a true teacher, and.
Third, that these resolutions
he spread upon the minutes of
this meeting, published in the
Big Stone (lap I'est and also
sent tho family, us nn expres?
sion of our appreciation of her
life, and with our deepest sym?
pathy for them in their hour of
Sandy Valley
& Elkhorn
New Coal Road Fully Com?
pleted from Shelby to
Jcnking, Ky.
The Sanity Valley St Klkhurn
Railway, miles long from
Shelby tn Jenkins; Ky., has
been completed and will ho
turned over ti> the Baltimore &
Ohio Railroad Company which
will operate the1 road in a few
days. This new line wan con?
structed jointly by the Consoli
dation Coal Company and the
Baltimore & Ohio Uailrond It
IB Imilt in a superior manner
with '.to pound rails to handle
heavy coal traffic from the Klk
horn mines of the coal compa?
ny in the vicinity of Jenkins,
which IB a new mining town
built since tln> begining of eon
struction on the railroad. The
OOSl of the lino is said to have
been about pfi,000,000, includ?
ing its equipment of 2000 steel
drop-bottom gondola e a r s.
Laughorn & Langhorn of Rich?
mond, Va , were the contract?
Connection is made with the
Big Sandy line of the t'hesa
puako ?V Ohio Railway at Shel?
by , and the output of the mines
is hauled over that road north
word to a connection with the
Baltimore & Ohio. The grades
of the new road are easy, so
that a heavy load can tie pulled
by each locomotive. Although
the railroad was not entirely
Completed, the coal company
has boon able to ship over it
for about a month and has been
sending out an average of jooo
tons a day.
T he extension of the Louis?
ville & Nashville Railroad,
which is coming into the min?
ing region from the west, is ex?
pected to be finished about De
comber 1. There are already
eight coal mines open, and
when Ibis roio'. is ready live
more mines will bo developed
on its line. This extension is
about '.mi miles long.
Patrons Urged To Visit
Richmond, Va., October 12.?
On the lirst day of November
appropriate exercises will he
belli in every public school of
Virginia, and citizens are urg?
ed to visit the schools to observe
Patrons' Day.
In many localities our school
buildings are in a deplorable
condition. The houses are in
tiad repair and the yards are
grown with weeds. The people
seem to take little interest in
educational conditions. Teach?
ers and parents ought to get
acquainted, and a School Im?
provement League shoubt bo
organized for the purpose of
improving the school. These
things can he done on Novem?
ber 1, if the parents will rally
to i be help of the school.
Last v> ar over 000 schools ob?
served Patrons' Day; this year
nearly every school in the State
will do so. The teachers are
working bard to make the day
a success. Will you not visit
your school on November 1?
James M. Barr in Bristol.
Rristol, Va., Oct. 11.?James
M. BOrr, formerly at the bead
of the Seaboard Air Line and
president of the Jamestown Ex?
position, was here Thursday
evening, being en route for
Norfolk, after a visit to the!
Black mountain coal fields in
Southwest Virginia. Mr. Barr
has in ? recent years held an
important interest in the coal
deposits of Lee county, Virgin?
E^fi MIN HKS wanted by
Stonegap Colliery Conti
pany, Glamorgan, Va. stoady
work. Highest price per ton
paid in the district. Healthy
I camp. Kxcellont wator. School
and church facilities.
Stonegap Colliery Co.
130. J. S. CHEYMEV. Oeo l Supl
Treasurer's Statement, Oct.
10, 1911 to Oct. 1, 1912.
B3dft.no? on band ? ?"?tu!
l"rof. Young i ... I
Dr. I.loyii a on
Mr.. IVtir Wolfe 0
Mr. Craft I
Mm. D, \ Uoodloe rt
Mit? Vox
Mra. Irvine
Sin llnllltt
Mr W I Smith
Mr?. Mcl'ormlok I 00 j
Mm. Hive* I ihm
Un. It. li. Moriaon 501
Mr. .1 M Willi? IVO
Mary Mori* (Colored) nil
< 'lim Moriaon I no
Btble Sebool 501
Vor l*ooi llniiM- Inveatlgation LIB
Rummage Bales 13.10
Balance Red < '.to? Seal* 10.18
Method ist lUzaar '2.15
UtrtbiMllal Collection .. i tij
Ohrte! i Ion. li Buiiday School .' Dil
Rfitacopal Collection! ::o
Unl?nOttureh Oolleotloa II.M
Membership* 11 00
Total 1100 -i
lly Mr. ( raft 00
?? Miss Klllrttt J 00
?? Mm. Mi-INirmlnk i 00
Mr llodge 3 00
'l?o Mc. MulTlua ? Co i 00
" Wlae 1'riutlng < ? > i is
? l'oor Ilona? Investigation i in
?? Kuller linn |.8g
'? NlekabiQrocery Co id ml
" Nickel* lime || B01
? 11 C \Vblfe . 1
iioo.Uo.' Uroa l
" A. K. Mann IS
' It K. Kennedy l
" W W. Taylor <b Sons t
" .1 B. Cotlfer
K?lly Drug ?'o ;
" l:..ml>lon llnm C
? W It. KUbourn (I
" Mm IV II Hamm I
" /. I* Smith, (KCnt) U
IMclaruA frame Prise) I
ii Bi ti A r v it. it ?.?i|
?? I'oaLllauliug A Deliveries
" Iti turn of mau from Catavrba 'i no
Total llaii.gr)
llalamre on haml ill n,%
M KM liKltsii l P
Prof ami Mr* Young Dr aiid Mrs
Lloyd, Mr R.l'reseott,Mlss l> H. Mooro,
Mr Uodge Mian Mi o.p. \l,- MoUor
rulokj Mra W r. Smith, Mi ( raft Mi
KleuiTotli, Mr, Koae Mr and Mrs i \\
Kox, Mr. Mr.'and Mrs .lolm Kux; Jr,,
Miss Vxts Mr ami Mrs Nssh, Mr ami
MtM. Kccler, Mrs Bkecn, Mr and Miv
Irvine, Mr ami Mrs Biitberland, Mi \
K. Moriaon, Mrs s .\. Bailey, Mra
Mary K Ktaloher Mrs D A Uoodloe
Mr William. Mrs .1 ?V Uoodloe, Miss
il.s.rgi.i Uoodloe, Mr. Murphy, Mis
lleverley, Mr. ami Mis llnllitt, Mr. timl
Mrs 11. K. VoXi Mr II It A,lams Mrs
Btoehr, Mrs K .1. Present t, Mra Itlvea.
I'orty loads of coal, amounting ti
about ilnrty tons, were distributed lo
twenty hbusaa
J. M Hi ?UCK, Treaaurei
The Need of Public Libraries]
in Virginia.
In tlio great work of aiding
in tlie establishment und up?
building of free public libraries
at various points throughout
the Blute of Virginia scurcely
anything ut ull is being done.
While tho public schools of
Virginia have made great j
strides under the wise and pro?
gressive administration of Su?
perintendent J. D. Kggleslon,
Jr., the free public library lags
behind and wo are forced to
hung our heads in shame at
the ridiculously small number|
of public libraries in Virginia.
It will be instructive tor the
public at I trge to see how woe
fully lacking we are in liabrd
ries by u comparison with other |
States; The State of Massachu?
setts gives ?100in books to any
town upon the establishment of
a free public library. It wns
decided to olfer thin inducement
in 1890; and now there is a free
library in every town in tin
State. In 1903 there were only
24 towns in the Slate of New
Hampshire which did hot have
public libraries. In New Vor It
two libraries organizers are
busy devoting their time to the
work of visiting and assisting
in the establishment of libra?
ries, and it is 'heir duty to visit
every library at least once a
year. Libraries in New York are
under State supervision and
are given financial aid when
certain conditions are fulfilled.
Wisconsin is another State
which is doing line work for
its rural population i u estub
lishing ninny public libraries
in every section of that com?
As Mr. W. M. Black, Libra?
rian of Jones Memorial Public
Library, of Lynchhtirg, said in
his presidential address Novem
Iber 20,1910. "The proposition
which it is our intention to
bring before tho people anil
keep bringing until they real?
ize its importance is, not to es
tablish a new State Library
Commission, but to enlarge the
powers of the pros,'lit State Li
brary Hoard so that its func?
tions would not be only to have
supervision ami control of the
State Library Hoard so that its
supervision and control of the
St.ito Library with its traveling
libraries a n d its legislative
reference work, but that it may
undertake also the great work
of attempting to create libra?
ries all over the State and to
bring about in tin- Common -
wualth of Virginia the same
btate of affairs that exists in
the Commonwealth of Massa?
chusetts namely, that every
town may have its own free
public library."
L'he work which the Library
Association has maped out foi
itself is to secure a library or?
ganizer, whose duties will ho
to aid and encourage the estab?
lishment of libraries in every
town throughout the State of
Virginia. It is hoped that the
next Legislature will appropri?
ate money enough to carry on
this work of creating free li?
braries -for the "Public library
is an integral part of public
education," ami without the
library system of education
will never attain to that degree
of excellence to which it has
been brought in many State i.
The association had introduced
in tin' last Legislature a bill to
secure this org niizer, tint not
withstattdingtho faithful etforts
of Dr .1 c Metcalf, President
oi the Association, and others,
the bill failed of passage. Tliii
people throughout the state
can render a great service if
they will impress upon their
representatives in the tleueral
Assembly the great importance
of this work, and urge them to
start a movement which will
inevitably result in bringing
books within roach of every
man, woman and child in Vir?
ginia. -Southern Progress.
First Aid Field Day.
I'lans are rapidly being made
for the great First Aid Pichl
Day to be held in Kuoxville on
the morning and afternoon
of Saturday, < Ictober 20, under
the auspices of the Society of
Tennessee Mine (foremen of
which Mr. K. P. Hnirat of Oli?
ver Spriog.i, Tennessee, i s
grand foreman.
In the morning exercises con?
sisting of music, speeches, lec?
tures mid illustrations will he
held in some auditorium of the
main business section of Knox
ville. In the afternoon the con?
tests in Ural aid work by teams
from the different mines will ho
bebl, for which the Operators
Association has gilal anteed one
hundred and fifty dollars in
cash prizes. These will be held
at the ball park at Qhilhowee
park on the National Conserve
live Exposition grounds.
It is hoped that a fare of one
cent per mile will be secured on
ih" railroads and that operators
throughout the Kentucky Ten?
nessee Held will declare tho
day a holiday.
Lev. Jarvis, of Big Stone
I lap, entertained the people at
the.church Sunday, lie is an
able speaker and made bis ser?
mon very interesting. The way
he handled bis subject,"watch"
showed bis ability to expound
tiie scriptures. Tho word was
analyzed and each letter dis
OUSBed separately. The points
brought out from each of the
letters, "work," -"action,"
"thoughts," "company," and
"calling" and the "heart" pro?
duced a very striking effect on
the audience. Those who missed
this, missed a treat.?Jones
ville Star.
tleneral It. A. Ayers, demo?
cratic candidate for congress,
passed through Houaker Mon?
day en route to Tazewell and
Oraham where he addressed
the citizens at each place,?
Houaker Herald.
Shoe Repair Shop.
I am prepared to do all kinds
[of shoe repairing in first class
I and up-to-date style. My shop
j is on Past Fifth Street in tho
<old Senter stand, and 1 solicit
' your patronage. adv.
W. H. Lawson.

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