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The Big Stone Gap Post.
VOL- XXI' BIG STONE GAP. WISE COUNTY. VA., WEDNESDAY. JANLIARY l7l9l3. '' ITcTi MILLIONS IN COAL, Southwest Virginia Greatest Coal Producing Section in the South. Norton. Va., December 'JS.? The great coal mining section of Virginia along the flinch Valley anil in Lee ('.unity nu(I along tln> Carolina, Olincllfield and Ohio Railway was never BO busy and prosperous in its Iiis tory. The four big railroads hauling coal and coke from tins field are taxed to their utmost capacityj and only about fifteen to eighteen years ago t he writer read letters from cool dealers in Richmond, Norfolk and other mahufuctuiiiig and fuel con? suming centres Baying they would riot pay freight charges on Clinch Valley coal. The first seam opened up after the Norfolk and Western road was bllilt into this held did not plan out very well, so far as the quality of the coal was concern* ed. and that was the cause of this kind of talk, hut times have changed, new Beams have beon developed, and now no coal stands higher than that of the Clinch Valley. If the (till Do minion had not been so liberal to her daughters, West Virgin? ia and Kentucky, when slicing otV her mountain territory, she would indeed "have coal to burn." Virginia Coal That Is Coal. However, by a stroke of good fortune, Virginia did not lot all of tin good coal land go. Only recently the Partie? Company opened a new seam in the Black Mountain measuring eleven feel clean coal. Two hundred feet above this marvelous seam they opened a live-foot seam of splint, coal, They wore driving these seams straight through the mountain, bill they have only to go half way before they will be oh Kentucky territory. Nevertheless, wo have enough and a plenty to spare in Virgin in, for from Pocahontas on through Buchanan ami Dicken son Counties to Cumberland flap tin? old mother of States will be mining coal for centur? ies yet to come. This tichl has decided advan? tages over the West Virginia field in that, we have four com peiiog railway lines with the shortest and most direct hauls to the Atlantic Coast *hd to the Panama Canal slop.-.. Virgin? ians have not yet realized the enormous wealth of thoirSouth? western coul fields. Abundant Railway Facilities. The latest move in railway circles is the purchase of the branch line known as Wise Terminal by the Interstate. It is nine miles long and oner ales between Norton ami (51a morgau. It is, and has been for some lime, quite a roci he tween the Southern, the Louis, villo and Nashville, tb,' Norfolk and Western and the Clinch field as to which shall control tho most undeveloped coal tern tory. All four of these lines have been active the past three years extending their lines and building and absorbing branch lines in order to gel more coal to haul. 'I ll's latest deal puts tin' Southern Railway right up to the Kentucky State line. Tho Oarolinn-Cliuchllold is hammering away night ami day putting a tunnel through the Sandy Ridge at Dante, Va., which, when completed, will give it a clear (leid into one of tho greatest coul regions in the world. In addition to these four trunk lines, the Baltimore and Ohio and the Chesapeake und Ohio are both within a few miles of ibis tieid to the north, and there is no doubt but that these two lines will noon be hitched up with the four al? ready at the. door. With all of: these lines in operation und the! Panama Canal doing business und calling for more and more; coul, Southwest Virginia is go ing to tlourish us no other pare of the old Mate bus up to the present writing. Undeveloped Waterpowcr. T. F. Suthers, of Norton, is actively engaged in ofTorts to interest capitalists in the devel? opment of the line niituriil wnt orpower <>n the Cliuch Uiver, iietif Dnngnunun. It is suid tu lu> one among the greatest nat? ural fulls in all the South cap? able <>f furnishing sufficient power for ages t<> come. The territory near by. with its vast coal operations und growing towns, in ready for the develop? ment of this unsurpassed water power. The lime seems ripe tor the connection bj electric lines of Big Stone Gap, Norton, Dorchester, \Visd,'Gpeburn and a number of other smaller towns. Lights and power will be in demand lor various in? dustries in these towns and all through this tori itory. As an industrial proposition a plan is on foot here for the establishment of a hospital in the town for the benefit of min? ers and railway men of this section. A great many people among the mini rs and railway employees ate injured every year, and up to now no hospital facilties have been provided. Several years ago the State of West Virginia appropriated $100,000 for such a hospital at I Welch, in that State, and the eoal operators were large sub scribei s to : he fund. I n ad i dition. the inioeo paid a Small stun monthly toward the main- j tenuncc of the hospital, and thus Welch acquired un institu? tion that has done a vast deal of good and has helped the town and the eoal operators, for u eoal mining town with a first-class hospital is attractive to the woi knien who know the dangers incident to their life. The Legislature of Virginia may be appealed to for an ap? propriation for the proposed Norton hospital. Cure for Tuberculosis. Another alleged eure for tu-, berculosls has been found. Friedrich Kran/, Fricdniaun, a' Berlin physician, asserts that' be can not only cure tuberculo? sis in every form but that ho can confer absolutely immuni? ty against lie- disci*--. His! claim was made at a meeting of the Berlin Medical Society. None of the leading members of the profession has yet committ? ed himself to uh indorsement of the professed cure, but many of them have testified to some rather romnrlcable.cases of ap? parent eures. Professor August I Bier, of the University of Ber? lin, one Of < i rmany's m o B 1 noted surgeons and physicians,! speaking before the medical so-! cietj , >-ai.i "I have sent a number of tu? berculosis, patients from m y clinic, to Mr. Friondmaun, I must admit that 1 have boon greall) impressed with the re? sults of his treatment, although 1 am not yet in a position to say that it bus been proved to me that he can cure tuberculo sis." Dr. Fried maun claim that he has developed a variety of tu? bercle bacilli which, while re? taining the beneficial, curative properties known since Koch's time to be present in the tuber elo bacillus ianttgene), are ab? solutely free from virulence and from the properties that Cause tuberculosis. His treat nient consists solely in the in? jection of a serum containing these bacilli, without any kind of local or therapeutic treat? ment. Ejifjlestoit Will Accept Fed? eral Appointment Richmond, Va., Bee. 2S.? !Joseph 1). Kggleston, for tin past seven years superintend? ent of public instruction in Vir giniu, has been appointed Chief of the Bureau of Field Service for Rural Education by the United States Department of Education. The place is one of ! much importance, being of rela? tive rank to that of chief of the bureau for agricultural work in I the United States Million Dollar Power Plant Big Electric Plant To Be In? stalled On The Cumber? land. The big million dollar power plant, which according to news? paper reports from Middlesboro and Pinevillo, would be built in one or the other of these cities, is actually t<> become a reality, but it may not be built in either of tho two places mentioned for it. This big plant which will furnish power to all the mines and factories in Harlan and Bell counties, w ill be place 1 on the Cumberland River between Harlan a II d Pinevillo. The latter city is making every etl'ort to secure this new enter? prise, but Harlan has a good chance as it is in the very heart and center of the most extou siVe coal fields. The placing into operation a concern of this kind would accelerate the coal mining a n d manufacturing business, ami make Harlan and Meli counties away in the lead in this respect.? Harlan (Ky.J Kntorprise. Southern Commercial School Closes For The Holidays. Reopens January 6. Has Had Very Successful Term. The Southern Commercial School which opened ill the High School building l?g Stone (lap has had a very BU0C088flll term. The school has had a better enrollment than the manage monl expected and has a very bright prospects for a good en? rollment for the first of the year. This is the v ery best season of the year for those who con? template taking a business course to enroll, so those of our young people who are in terested in Such a course should not miss this opportunity of taking a business course a t home. The school will be under new management with the opining of the January term and will h,- prepared to do still better work in giving thorough in? st fuel ion and a complete course Launch Campaign For New College Buildings. Rev; R. K. Sutherland, of tins city, financial agent of Kmory and Henry College, and Judge .1. I. Kelly, have return? ed from Kmory, Va., where they attended a n important meeting of the committee in charge of the campaign to raise $150,000 for a new building und Tor endowment. There met with the committee the ten pro Biding elders of the various dis? tricts of the Holston conference of the M. K. church, south, to? gether with numerous influen? tial friends of the institution. It is planned to erect u new building out of the $150,' 0, which will cost approximately $75,000, while the remaining sum will tie. added to the pres? ent endowment of the institu? tion, thereby placing it in the best financial condition it has ever been in. Carnegie will give $26,1.and the Rockefeller foundation $50,000, both of which are conditioned upon the college raising $75,000 addition? al. Rev. .Mr. Sutherland has al? ready raised a considerable sum. It was decided to make .March and April the campaign months ?B r i b to 1 Herat d Courier. Since Is-ii tho total value of the mineral production if Alaska has been $207,000,000, of which over90 percent,or$1 ? ?jl!),77i;, has been gold, accord? ing to A. H. Brooks, of the United States Geological Sur? vey. Improvement In Rural Schools Sanitary Crusade Is Yielding Valuable Results Through? out the State. Richmond, Va., Dec. JO.? The sanitary crusade of the State Board of Hoallh and the Department of Public Instruc? tion is meeting with the hearty support of the county school authorities and is bringing about a notable improvement in the sanitary condition of tin- rural schools, which is well reflected in reports filed by the Inspectors of the two Depart? ments. Officers of the Stato Board of Health have just returned from mspectiou in Qooehland and Alhemarle counties and report the school authorities greatly interested in better sanitary ar? rangements f o r the comfort and health of the pupils. In Uoochlaud, fifteen schools have recently been provided with sanitary outbuildings and other schools will receive improve? ments in the next few mouths. In tin- Greenwood district of Alhemarle County, the Civic League lias provided medical inspection for the Bcho?l-chll j dren and is planning an ugito-' tion which will give to every house in tin- community a sani? tary outbuilding, Reports by officers of the Department of Education uro equally encouraging. Jackson Davis, Supervisor of Rural Ele? mentary Schools, who is much interested in. sanitation, has re ueived notice that 'U colored schools have installed sanitary outbuildings while L02 have abolished '.lie common drinking cup and require the pupils to use private cups. Additions to this list are being made weekly and it general impetus to the movement is expected from the Health Day to heobsorvod next February in the colored schools of T2 counties. "The most uncotirging aspect of this great improvement," said an officer of the Board of Health yesterday, "is the fact that these reforms are coming from the local authorities ami are not being forced upon them in any sense. School trustees ami teachers are alive to the fact that the progress of their pupils is more dependent upon their health than upon any Other single factor. Those in charge realize, loo, that the money spent in improving the sanitation of tint schools saves the community from disease and renders more efficient the regul?r school work. They k n 0 w that the community winch confines its children for long hours in close, badly light ed and badly ventilated rooms sins against the future. Aroused to these facts, they are willing to do their utmost and only ask for advice its to the best method of procedure. The next year will witness it veritable trans formation in this respect." Delightful Dance. A very delightful dance was given at Collier's Hall Friday night by a few young men, complimentary to the visitin? young ladies. The dance was chaperoned by Mr. and .Mrs. J. L. McCormiek and Mr. and Mrs. L. T. Winston. Those dancing were: Mr. John Allen Goodloe with Miss Annie Agee; .Mr. Leo Htlittel, of Norton, with Miss Josephine Kelly; Mr. (i. ?. Mb Ferran with Miss Elizabeth Petlingale,of Washington City; Mr. Walter Penniugton, of Pennington Gap, with Miss Buth Dabney, ot Dry den j Mr. W. 11. Polly with Miss Mamie (ioodloe; Mr. J. W. (Jaut with Miss Madge Dingess; Mr. Robert Orr, of Dryden, with Miss Elizabeth Everett; Mr. J. VY.; Rush with Miss Janet Bailey; Mr. Henry McCormiek with Miss Mable Willis. I Every man gets to the front I sooner or later. If in no other I way, he always heads his own funeral procession. FINE GRAZING LANDS. ; None Superior to Those of Southwest Virginia, Where the Bluegrass Springs Native to the soil and Expert Cattle Are Raised for the Royal Meat Stalls of Europe. It would be time wasted for the average farmor of South? west Virginia to r o u <I tins sketch. For it in the old old story familiar to him, Tim story of Crass, not just grass, but grass us blue as the skies over these mountains, as nutritious as nuts, as lasting in the quality of its fat as corn effects, ami us delicious to stock as honey ami locust slew to the builders of the ancient Pyra? mids. in the minds of some people a portion of Kentucky is the blue grass garden of the world, .lust like some people have an idea that maybe New York produces the most apples of any Stute in t Ii e Union, or thai Georgia lea Is in peanuts, when everybody ought to know the sand lands of Virginia are full of first pri/.es ut quantity and quality goober shows. The real blue grass empire of the world is Southwest Virgin iu. Kentucky blue grass got on the map and the minds of folks when Southwest Virginia was about us lacking in dovol opment work as parts of densest Africa at present. Fifty years ago when the lumbermen began t 6 snatch house size poplars, walnuts, ouks ami other cabinet mantle timber otf these mountain sides it was observed that a peculiar but buautiful grass began to carpet the ground. That is how the discovery was made that Southwest Vir giiiiu is a blue grass country Since thai tune the land owners have been raising export cattle and lambs for the royal meat stalls of Kurope, disdainful ol the measety prices for I.f of fered in the Chicago and Cm cinnuti stock yard districts. The land boomers in t h e southwest take beautiful color postcard pictures of an alfalfa patch watered by an irrigation ditch live hundred miles long, and send these views broadcas over the world in praise of theii country. The Southwest Vir giniu farmer turns his cattle loose twelve mouths in the vein to feed on u grass that grows without cultivation, that is watered by the rains of heaven anil that puts on the sides of u cow u certain weight that in tin* full of the year is exchanged for automobiles und macada mixed highways reaching t o the four points of th.mp 188 Not long since a ('.dorado man who had tired of the sag? grass wrote to the Bristol Hoard of Trade to know if he could buy a farm cheap in this sec lion, "I want something," he said, "for about $16 per acre o n which I can grow a crop the first season. Would like for it to have a bearing apple orchard und it fairly good six or seven room house. 1 have had bun dreds of letters from owners and agents in eastern a n d northern Virginia, but nothing from Southwest Virginia." And something like this was the answer: "You might buy a farm in Southwest Virginia if you would come in person and bring along a few Colorado stale bonds properly endorsed for trunsfer. You would, of course, have also to establish a first class record to show tbnt you would be a desirable neighbor. It your credentials are satisfac? tory you might buy some reas? onably fair land for about .??70 per acre; somewhat better land for $100 or $160; but if you got what a native regnrded us bis cream place it would be cheap for $2011 und not exorbitant at $250peraore, house, burn and etceteras extra." South westVirginiu blue gras i is about as profitable as u gold mine, if proper attention i s given to the growing of cattle. sheep, hogs ami thoroughbred horses. The only reason now n\ liy this section is not the training ground for the studs of tin? world instead of Ken? tucky is because of tho indiffer? ent way nature put things to? gether. A half milo track might lie dug out in some fa? vor.-,1 spots, but a mile traclc would be an undertaking of an? other kind. By following tho windings of valleys or moun? tain snb's straight tracks of ans length desired might be built, but that involves the mat ter "i linnging the colt in train? ing back to the starling point, and makes training a slow job. For this,reason only South? west Virginia has allowed Ken? tucky to remain as headquar? ter:! for racing studs. .Men have been so busy hoarding AI ibamn and Georgia calves on their blue grass acres and tak? ing kingly beevi-H off of tho other end of the pasture that fooling with a race horso has never t ut. red their heads seri? ously. Hut let us gel back to tho op? portunities for buying lands in the blue grass section. To get i lirst class blue grass farm of 1,000 acres involves the trnns ier of ownership to a bale of money. Bui there are hundreds of seres of wild laud in Southwest V irginia and upper Hast Ten? nessee that will make as good blue grass ranges as anything that can he seen from car win? dow o r over an automobile dashboard. These are the outover lands that are offered t>> buyers at prices ranging from ten to tlf ie, ii dollars per acre?if some? what removed from railroad Mid station, at a price as low as si x dollars per aero. Take tho extract and paper .I and tan bark ofF these torus and the proceeds of sale pay for the whole property. Let tin-sun have one seasou on ih>- ground and the blue grass begins to come up. Give the land a rough plowing, in uocttlato the land with tho germs of tin- blue grass, and the owner has a ?100 acre blue grass stock farm. There are thousands of such farm sites o fie rod cheap in the country about Bristol. Any ri il estute man not too dead to idvertise can And these proper i ?- for inquirers. ?Bristol ilor ild < 'oiirier. Parcel Post Now In Force. Ordinary postage stamps uro not of value now for nonding merchandise through the mails. Special stumps for Ibis class of mail are on sale at the postofllce. Parcels weighing as much as I 1 pounds ciln now be sent, but must be handed to postal em p es, not placed in "drops" or on trains. They must bear the name and address of the sender or will bot bo sent. Newspapers, booke, photo? graphs, pictures are :)d class and remain us heretofore. Civil Service Examination. A civil service examination for the position of fireman 1 iborer in the V. 8. postofllce and courthouse at this place is ordered by the U. S. Civil Ser? vo,-Commission. The salury will be pOOO per annum. Blank applications and form Xo. 1800, for examination, can both be obtained by writing the district secretary. Fourth Civil Service District, Washington D. C. There is posted in tho post offlce and at other points about town and surrounding country ii.dices that state tho qualifi? cations necessary to entitle ap? plicants to examination All papers must bo returned to the civil service board at Washington by the hour of clos? ing on January 11th, PJ13. "Uncle Sam" says; "Women were intended for a higher and more noble purpose than inuk I ing a hat rack out of the.nsel I ves by being covered head, soul and bodv with :n am mouth headgear."